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: the Gospel Messenger 


~^ " Elgin, III., January 6, 1906. No. 1. 
Vol. 45. ^ 

— 7^ r „,..,„ resources are iust beginning to be de- they say that from now on the managers of the road 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. ve w d Tl le northwestern 'part of fte country is be- will be mercilessly exposed. This is a confession that,- 9 ing opened up by railways, and many persons think shows clearly that passes or no passes decide whether 

Out 'Big Mails, ..... ■■ i I .? d d much o£ the world . s wh eat will come the ra.lroads or the pubhc are to be protected. Before 

^^vS^ ,avcd :.::::::::::::::::::--:'- g h r I'^f c section . And there are „ nderf«, u™ the ^burg — r a number ^<" 

One More, ,.,■••■.•■■ .; . . . .w mines When these are developed it seems probable nances, and those of the roads refusing the aldermen 

l^"^^ Mm :r.::::::::-y-. g ^Canl will be able to furnish more iron and at free transportation will receive care u consideration 

Lristmas Entertainments ■■-■■ ° other c fa the worid . Members of the Pennsylvania legislature are much 

What Jesus Would .Do .. aiuwei j stirred uu They rece ve meage, and have been re- 
Duties of lu At the present time Canada spends fifty or sixty mil snrrea up. y «, 

Essays,- , , , ,. „ D D Cvdler 2 lion dollars a year abroad for steel. In the near future ceivng passes. It now looks as if they would have 

The SS'sund^eToo : X%. M. Aoa^i '.'. '. ! I b e w ;„ be an exporter instead of an importer of steel, to spend the money for the use for winch it is given. 

Sew Year'D^^ByW. E. RoV . ...y . 2 ™ ^ wi „ J m mud , The cbange will be some- They also are inclined to retaliate, and say that the 

The Ten Comn.a.idments.-Iu.roduetoiy. By P. B. } and that ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ rf ^ ^^ ^ „ miUl0 ns of 

TheWamSe' Proofs" ' By ' Ettie " E Holler^ J ^* been a borrower becomes a lender. Many dollars. Trolley roads will likely be given permission 

The Age in Which We are Living. By J. C. Flora. 4 has alwa} s o passenger rates may be lowered by 

SS^Ww^jga^" SS^«^ te J^K^ rf » >aw. nie safety appliances may be Remanded, and 

Religion's Period. By W.I.T. Hoover. . . 3 oc p better sanitary arrangements required. And these 

tvrtls^ 1 'H&STSijL?- By *£' IS'. Hyh »^ hbOT °" the "°± members of the legislature know that what they now 

■ ton ' V "n-Ki" -RvDn™ Crioe ■'■■ 6 A New York woman a short time ago quarreled propose to do should have been done long ago. On. 

ThaT's" All V Pit' By CC Price, '. V.V.^:. 6 wjth her father and left his house because he thought the whole, it looks as if the public would be the gainer 

Home and Family- , h er extravagant when she iailed to live within the al- in the road's change of policy. Passes which can in 

A It'ranre ° E ™ d eriencr e ' '. " ■ ■ '■ '■ '■ '■ '■ '■ '■ ■'■ "■'■ '■ '■ '-'■ '■'■ ■ ' '■ 7 lowance he made her. Most people will agree with a ny way affect the public services should be proscribed 

General Missionary and Tract Department,- ^ tbe old gent l e man thafa woman who cannot get along by law, for the pub lic is entitled to a ll it pays for. 

WhafaTe KS at Home? \ By'james MLN^ 11 on five thousand dollars a month is extravagant. Lat- McClellan o{ Ne „ York came near defeat 

. From Mission Field of First D.s.r.ct of Virginia er a recoridUatiori was effected and she returned to and ma voted 

From^?- II; l T°M^c.nnV::::::::::::::::..n her father's house. Now ■+*, would become ««,«- ^j°" o£ the anizatior , behind bim . Peopk . 

<*=d to her husband, a member of the English parha ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Tammany stands for 

AROUND THE WORLD. ment from whom she was divorced Return to .^ ^ seems t0 have broken with 

-_TT - him Md lwe as She S ™ 5 I IVf-imihes 'I- organization, for in his appointments he turned 

The Gilhooley slugging case was brought to an end good. The great wealth possessed ^by "™™^ dow „ men tliat Tammany Hall wanted in office. On 
in Chicago last week, the principal and six others be- ruins them. Money becomes the god, and *he worn ^ ^ ^ { ^ sM (o his commissioners: 
ing found guiltv. Much time was spent in securing en and children come to think they ha,e a r^n to ^^ tleman , we your appointments solely to 
a jury, but the result shows that the jurors were pre- everything they may desire. It is not strange t, a ^ ^ ^ i ^.^ ^ afe we|| qmlified for the 
pared to give a verdict in harmony with the evidence, divorce is common among ^persons They have ^^ ^ ^ T haye appointed you . r shaU hold 
There was a strike of the Carriage and Wagon Work- gotten far away from the best things ,n lite ^ ^ ^ ^ ^.^ performance of your duty , 
ers' union, and it was shown that the officers of the loss is great here, but will be great er hereafter. ^ should am , of you fail in reaching the standard 
union, during the strike, employed three professional r nivPr ,it„ in an which I shall shall require, I shall not hesitate to re- 
sluggers, with Gilhooley at their head, to beat and President Schurma* of Cornell Universay m an ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ of your sub . 
cripple workmen who declined to stop work when address last week said some things which , would be ^J^ ^ ^ ^ ftoj „ He „ as given th 
ordered to do so by the union. The conviction of these well for all men to consider. W = que ^ fron , h. . rf ^ understand that political 5erv i C e is not a 
men will be a wholesome lesson for the vicious and " The universal passion for money and whatever mon ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^.^ ^ office /M| 
brutal who think that with impunity they can maim ey buys is an. alarming phenom enon it a as- ^^ ^ ^^ anJ ^.^ adrninistration w ill re- 
and kill workmen who have taken the place of strikers, nourished by the colossa material pro*. *.t, th ^ ^^^ |n ^ path „ e has 
There has been violence right along, and it is time age. It has allied ^^J 3 ^^'^. Larked out for himself. Immense sums of money are 
the guilty were convicted, so that men can work for a American youth to succeed m *e-_worich Wc :x ^ New York aty _ and in tbe pas t 
Lg without being in danger of death or severe in- ally should expect that t would have m finable ^ ^ ^ has ^ ^ ^ .^ the pockets of 
h,^ And the use of violence is one main factor in opposition from religion , bu t rehgon "''^> ;« f(ers . It sho uld be spent for the people. We to- 
defeating strikes, for the public will not sympathize ened by the decline of dogmatic faith and alhng back p ^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ he 
with men who stoop to such methods to reach their on its institutions and organizations Use f has been ^ coiflmended for ^ stand taken . 
ends . We believe that employers a, ; c .employes .have temptec 1 too often ^pnrchase^for ^H ^y ,,^-^S, in MoS cow. Rus- 
learned rom past experience and that in the titure Gho t w . ^ ^^ ^ The g ^ ^^ by ^ 
there will be a different way of settling differences ge P 7 J ^ ^ ^ rf ^ a see ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ women 
that may arise bet ween them. mone^h ^ ^ ^ ^J^B ^.^ ^ ^ f£ar rf God troop^^^ ^^ ^ dQwn ^^.^^^ ^^ A square 

It is estimated that from 1870 to 1903 the criminal before its eyes ; it fears no hell i it fears nothing but ^ o{ buildings was laid in ruins by cannon and fire, 

court issued papers of American citizenship to not the cr ; m i na i court, the penitentiary, and the scaffold. The government thinks the revolutionists have been 

less than eighty thousand persons. And as this court To escape these ugly avengers of civil society is the dj , featcd and will press them harder than before. And 

had no authority to issue naturalization papers there only cat egorical imperative, the only law with which , ( wi]) fce difficulti if not impossible, for them to gather 

are eighty thousand illegal voters. Political parties its sinai thunders. To get there and not get caught together at any ot h e r place as strong a force as they 

have been so much interested in getting votes for the - a the on ly golden rule. To ' get rich quick,' financiers ^ ^ Moscow ; f or with defeat comes discourage- 

benefit of their candidates that the spirit of the law of th ; s age wi n r ob the widow and orphan and grind ^^ md m unwi iiingness to risk life and P r0 P ert y 

has often been violated and thousands of men have the - {aces of the poor, speculate in trust funds and anJ fami]y - m a nopeless struggle against established 

voted at and decided elections who should never have purchase immunity by using other people's money to authority Tbe government will no doubt use great 

been allowed to vote. Men are awakening to the bribe legislators, judges, and magistrates." The love severity in rep ressing every semblance of disorder 

danger of such a method to American institutions and of money is the root of a good many of the evils of the ^ a view o{ frig htening others so that they will 

are calling for a reform. Our government is one present dav . a nd it is found among those who profess have nQ desire tQ rise in revolt . And it will not be 

that can be kept what it should be only by honest and t0 Hve for the world to come. surprising if the reactionaries regain power; in whic 

intelligent citizenship. Political leaders must pay less — ; " r omD anv case some of the liberties promised the people will no 

Ltten fon to the temporary success of their party, and The decision of the Pennsylvania Ra "™ J W 1 > „, be witbh eld, on the ground that the people hav 

Ire to the permanent good of the country. Thou- not to give any more passes, o which «£*^» ^ tbemselves undeserving. Yet no one can tell 

Tncs upon ttosands of voters are no better qualified short time ago is not to the hking o some pe son ^ ^ The cy ye , b over 

o deckle the questions that come up at our elections Some of the ^^W^.T^™^ and thrown, the government changed and a republic es- 

^'rfchildL A reform along L line is needed, they have i^the^st been %££££*£ tahhshed, as some desire. Time alone can tell. 
and it will come. 


— " r d wor kman that necdeth not 



The still, solemn second of mWjijJt » here; 

The old year, JUS dead he suet those |ockcd „ ps; 

^m C ;r t he m Snre r ;'ow5edpa y S t his sou. slips. 

^r^dSX^^^d^id append! 

mmmm M 

m o, it will be blue again after this ; sp .art." 
^i^'^VoK^^ai^e^ 'own. 
Ami blaL me a victory clear to tins thronel 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

THE DOVE SELLERS.— John 2:16. 

•• Unto them that sold doves." The Jews have long 
been considered a nation of salesmen. England was 
once called a nation of shopkeepers. America might 
be said to be a nation of sharp " bargain-drivers 
The trouble, however, does not lie in the innocent 
doves that are bought and sold, but in the lives and 
dealings of the men who do the exchanging. Much 
innocent ware is made the vehicle of great sin. Gas 
and oil, iron and eoal, are all right and their uses 
legitimate, but the curse is pronounced upon the deal- 
ers who insist upon unholy traffic in them. 

It should be noticed that the sale of doves in itself 
was not condemned; it was rather the sale of them at 
an improper place. Those who should have been giv- 
ing attention to their religious duties were making 
the occasion one of worldly gain. The services of 
Jehovah were apparently subordinate to the interests 
of traffic. 

" Take these things hence." Out of the temple must 
these things go, was the Savior's command. They 
must go out because they are not productive of re- 
ligious emotions. From this consideration the Jews 
were committing sacrilege. Whether they liked it or 
not Christ would drive them out. Their temple was 
by no means a place where they should ply their daily 
trade, their temple was the place of worship and to 
that worship should they give their entire attention 
Nothing should in any way detract from their sacred 

rites. . . 

And I thought that a great deal of the talking and 
thinking which we are accustomed to carry with us 
to the churchhouse should be loft at home. It does 
not induce religious emotion and hence does not be- 
long to the church services. Our visiting, our petty 
Gossiping, our little business arrangements should find 
place elsewhere. The Lord's .business and not our 
own should be cared for on the Sabbath at his house. 

We need to take heed lest we mingle our own busi- 
ness with the worship of the Lord until we, too, shall 
be chased from his house. The arrangement of our 
church for her pastors makes it necessary that he who 
ministers must still attend strictly to his own business, 
since a Dunker preacher who is a failure financially 
is looked upon as a poor sort of an example by a large 
per cent of our membership. It is true, however, that 
a minister gifted in preaching is likely less gifted in 
business tactics, and thus while he succeeds in his 
preaching he fails in his business. I do not say this 
is necessarily true, but it is very frequently true. 

The custom modern churches have of giving fifteen- 
cent dinners and all sorts of paid entertainments to 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-Jan uary 6, 1906. 

■ o support the pastor seems to me to come 
under the prohibition of the present text. So fre- 
quently aid is solicited where it is not given willingly, 
but rather than lose patronage the unconverted mer- 
chant will give to every charitable cause. The money 
thus wrung from the ungodly is not an aid to any 
church. A man's heart is worth more any time than 
his purse. Churches, too, as well as individuals, may 
take the caution of extortion. Even an apparently 
good cause may rob the needy to fatten the unworthy 
and incompetent. Even in our own day I 
not impossible to cast pearls before swine 

When a pastor is zealous in the welfare of the 
church solely that he may draw his salary, when an 
educator prates of education to hold his job and get 
his pay, when a missionary booms his mission merely 
to enlist sympathy and obtain support, then, indeed, 
may the strings of the common purse be drawn 

A father may slave like a nigger, eat crust and sleep 
on straw all his life so that his child may eat pie and 
■tap on eider down, but he deserves no especial bene- 
diction for his liberality, since it does not contr.bute 
to his child's best development. So, too, we may 
clothe the poor and house them in idleness, but we do 
not deserve great praise for our doing so ; better by 
far give an honest man a chance to earn his bread. 
If I am in need why should I try to enlist the sympathy 
of strangers a thousand miles away? Why should I 
not draw upon my friends near at hand? Is not a soul 
at my very door worth as much as the one a thousand 
miles away? Ah, yes, but distance casts a sort of 
sacred halo about the rags and the sores which be- 
come very matter-of-fact and very obnoxious when 
the same Lazarus lies at our own familiar doorstep. 
Ml. Morris, III. 



Fok one to unfold the righteousness >.i God's Word 
he must live a life that is compatible with God and 
his Word Hence on the same hypothesis, for a Sun- 
day school to serve as an auxiliary to the Christian 
church, under whose auspices it is laboring in the 
dissemination of gospel truths, it is- indispensably 
necessary for it to have an efficacious and inexorable 
organism-an organism whose constituency is com- 
posed of the very best intellectual and, above all, spir- 
itual talent that can be procured in the local church 
with which it stands identified— an organization com- 
posed of truly regenerated, consecrated children of 
God who are constrained to take up the work by a 
spiritual impulse. It is my candid opinion that a large 
percentage of the modern innovations introduced into 
and practiced by the Christian church are virtually the 
legitimate fruits born by an erroneous and corrupt 
system or standard of Sunday-school pedagogics. . 

You may say, dear reader, that this is a broad and 
sweeping assertion— a mere conjecture on my part- 
but I would ask you, have you not, in your experience 
or personal contact with the work, sat in Sunday- 
school classes where pernicious arguments and spur- 
ious doctrines were presented by illiterate and unscrup- 
ulous teachers, teachers who, judging from the nature 
and character of their teaching as well as that of their 
fruits, it is easily discerned are not tactful, discreet 
or consecrated? Now, I believe that in Sunday-school 
pedagogics of this kind innovations are found in their 
embryo state. There is no palliation for not securing 
teachers who are ordinarily religiously civil and in- 
tuitive, although they may not be absolutely wise; 
teachers whose teaching and deportment are a spir- 
itual feast to their pupils, teachers who are in harmony 
with God and his Word, and immersed under the ob- 
ligatory feeling of the situation, having an adequate 
knowledge of the lesson to be taught and a disposition 
persistently to push forward the work, realizing that 
we do our work " not by power, but by my Spirit, saith 
the Lord of hosts." 

It is the dutv of every judicious superintendent to 
visit the respective classes from time to time, and, 
where he discovers that the teaching is not of the na- 
ture and character, as well as not up to the standard 

that it should be, to blame such teachers with indul- 
gence and correct with gentleness, and thereby ad- 
monish them to a more careful and better prepared 
system of Sunday-school The superin- 
tendent should make a special effort to have every 
member of his teaching staff attend the teachers week- 
ly meeting, which is an indispensable factor in secur- 
L the best possible results relative to Sabbath-school 
work If the chief executive of the school does not 
encourage a meeting of this kind, as well as attend the 
same himself, he should be relegated to the rear, and 
appealed to by the faculty to step down and out, in 
behalf of the social, ethical and spiritual welfare of 
the school. 

I am aware that this idea is not a conventional one, 
but nevertheless I feel that the majority of the con- 
scientious Sunday-school teachers, who have given this 
phase of the work their candid and serious considera- 
tion will place upon it their stamp of approval ; espe- 
cially those who have come in personal touch and ex- 
perience with the teachers' meeting and felt its im- 
minent benefits. Hence I feel that my pos.tion as- 
sumed in this matter is not by any means an untenable 
one The chief executive of the school, or the super- 
intendent, if you- please, is the prime factor of the 
organization. Hence the preponderating importance 
of securing or electing a person who is ethically and . 
spiritually eligible, a man who is willing magnanim- 
ously and persistently to discharge his duties in a way 
that is compatible with Christianity, regardless of pop- 
ular sentiment or conventionality. A superintendent 
should not aspire to his office, much less acquire it by 
solicitation or craftiness, but he should be absolutely 
the school's choice, arising from his individual merits. 
I have known men to occupy this position who have se- 
cured it bv methods that are as exotic and incon- 
gruous with Holy Writ as a modern political stump 
speech is from Paul's sermon on Mars' hill. He 
should be a man who has the backbone and stamina 
to practice and promulgate the doctrines and funda- 
mental principles of the Christian church with which 
he stands identified, a man who is willing to accept a 
suggestion from any of his coworkers that may be 
for the amelioration of the cause. 

A Sunday school presided over by this kind of a 
superintendent, coupled with cooperative proclivities 
on the part of the faculty, and having for its avowed 
and specific purpose the ultimate soul salvation of the 
human family, shall inevitably prove to be a propitious 
and a model Sunday school. 
Roaring Spring, Pa. 



The one life allotted to man has a fresh beginning 
every New Year. The world is made new to each of 
us in opportunity. The year that is past has destroyed 
itself and cut off all retreat. " When Garibaldi sailed 
from Genoa in 1869, to deliver Sicily from its oppres- 
sors, he took with him a thousand volunteers. They 
landed at Marsala, almost in the face of the Neapolitan 
fleet. When the commander of Marsala, returning 
to the port, saw the two steamers, he gave immediate 
orders to destroy them. Garibaldi, having landed his 
men, looked with indifference, almost with pleasure, 
upon their destruction. ' Our retreat is cut off,' he 
said exultingly to his soldiers; ' we have no hope but 
in going forward ; it is to death or victory.' " 

The apostle Paul, who made the utmost of his life, 
at the onset of another. year whips up the flagging 
energy of the Christian church, and urges on to fresh 
resolve, as he exultingly shouts, " Let us go on to per- 
fection." Heb. 6:1. Should we stop short then of a 
persistent personal intimacy with Jesus who is called 
the Christ, and the possession of a more abundant life, 
filled with the richest experiences of Christian delight? 
This is made possible, alone, as we are willing to make 
a sure abiding place in the heart for the indwelling of 
the Holy Ghost. Aspire to greater and broader use- 
fulness and discouragements die with the year that 
is past. Henry Ward Beecher said, "Men who con- 
centrate themselves all upon one point may be sharp, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6. 1906. 

acute, pungent— they may have spearlike force of 
character, but they are never broad and round, never 
of full-proportioned manhood which can only be ob- 
tained by the carrying forward of the whole of a man 
in an even-breasted march." 

Let us determine fully to enter upon the New Year, 
as a matter of duty and reasonable service, to realize 
our utmost possibilities. Let us " press toward the 
mark for the prize."' What a year of victory it will be! 

Westminster, Md. 



By P. B. f ITZWATER, North Manchester, Indiana. 


Under the above head I propose to give a series 
of expository studies on the Ten Commandments. 
These will be substantially a reproduction of the lec- 
tures given at the special Bible term at North Man- 
chester College last winter. Much interest was evinced 
then, and a suggestion was made that they be printed. 
The Ten Commandments furnish us with the great- 
est moral code that the world has ever seen. Not- 
withstanding the perfection of this code, the world and 
the church are in a state of moral degeneracy. This 
deplorable condition has been brought about largely 
through the failure of religious teachers to apprehend 
and apply the teachings of the decalogue. The public 
conscience needs to be quickened. Because of the 
deadening effects of the spirit of this age, the con- 
sciences of most men are dead and that of many acts 
very sluggishly. 

When it comes to the interpretation and application 
of these " Ten Words " we encounter two classes of 
errorists. The one we denominate the legalist, who 
believes and teaches that salvation is obtained through 
law-keeping; the other the antinomimi, who disavows 
all obligation to law. Indeed we may mention a third 
class, and one which does as much mischief as either, 
viz.: that which teaches that through the grace of 
Jesus Christ the law has been toned down and has lost 
its severity. This we may denominate " Galatianism " 
—an admixture of the law and grace. The bane of 
present-day Protestantism is the mingling together in 
one incoherent system law and grace. 

The eternal principles embodied in the law have not 
been abrogated. On the contrary, they have been re- 
iterated and intensified. See Matt. 5 : 21, 22 ; 5 : 27, 28. 
The real purpose of the law is twofold : 

1. To reveal sin. Rom. 3: 19, 20, " Now, we know 
that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them 
who are under the law: that every mouth may be 
stopped, and all the world may become guilty before 
God. Therefore, by the deeds of the law there shall 
no flesh be justified in his sight ; for by the law is the 
knowledge of sin." 

2. To lead the sinner to Christ. Gal. 3 : 24, " Where- 
fore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us to 
Christ, that we might be justified by faith." 

The force of this latter can better be seen by calling 
to mind the schoolmaster and his duties in those days. 
The pedagogue was a slave whose business was to 
lead the children to school where they were placed 
under the tuition of the teacher, to care for their 
morals, arid to administer discipline. This adminis- 
tration of discipline was sometimes severe, but was 
wholesome to the children. 

We shall find in this study that the principles em- 
bodied in this law touch every source and activity of 
life. Let us approach it with the spirit of humble in- 
quiry, depending upon the Holy Spirit as our teacher. 

North Manchester, Ind. 



A once noted atheist came from his home in Europe 
to spend a year with his brother, who lived in America. 
There had been a continued correspondence between 
the two brothers ever since George had gone to Europe, 
which was eight years ago. There was deep love be- 

tween the two brothers, that had always existed, and 
was destined to do a good work, in spite of the fact 
that George was a firm atheist and John a firm be- 
liever in God. 

There had been many heated discussions between 
the two brothers, and during George's absence they 
had been carried as far as writing would permit. John 
was earnestly trying to convince George that there 
was a God, and George in a weak way contended that 
there were no proofs in existence to-day that would 
prove there is a God. Finally John told George that 
if he would come to America he would soon give him 
some infallible proofs that there was a God. And 
he also said that if he failed to convince him in one 
day and a night he would pay his way and give him 
one hundred thousand dollars besides. So George 
in his eagerness to win the money decided to come. 
He was jubilant, because he believed he would win 
the money. The time was arranged for his coming. 

Meanwhile John was also very joyous because of 
his brother's decision, and many were the effectual, 
fervent prayers John offered to his God, praying for 
power to convince his brother that there is a God. 
He never had the least doubt in his mind that he would 
succeed. He knew no such thing as fail when he 
asked God to help him in anything. 
. The evening for George's arrival came. John went 
to meet him, and to take him to his beautiful, well- 
kept farm of five hundred acres. It was the old home- 
stead. Many were the tears shed when the two broth- 
ers met. They talked as fast as they could while on 
the way to John's home. They talked of olden times. 
Each had many questions to ask the other. Not one 
word was said about the wager until after supper. 

It was one of those never-to-be-forgotten nights in 
June, when all nature seemed to be praising God. 
After they had eaten their supper they went out on 
the piazza. The full moon was shining with ils 
majestic beauty. 

John began the conversation with the question, 
" Well, George, I suppose you remember the object 
of your being here to-night? Do you still believe 
there is no God ? " " Yes, I guess I do believe there 
is no God." 

" Shame on thee, O man, for uttering the blasphcm- 
cus sentence. It is man alone that has ever said, 
• There is no God.' Now, brother, let us be reasonable. 
With much love to God and you, I will give you at 
least a few of the many infallible proofs that there is a 
God. It can not be truthfully denied. Honestly, I am 
ashamed that you pretend to be an atheist. Please an- 
swer the questions I shall ask. O, the weakness of man 
and the glory of God. How can you, George, here be- 
neath the arched heavens, say there is no God ? Each 
star in the heavens is rebuking thee. The myriad in- 
sects are declaring him. Listen I the wood is full of 
them. Each blade of grass, those beautify roses, the 
tender leaves on the trees are proclaiming him. Look I 
in the distance I saw a flash as if it were lightning. 
Within an hour it could be raining. Whose hand 
causes these things ? " 

George sat silent, in deep meditation. 
"Hark! hear the boom of the thunder in the dis- 
tance. How rapidly it is approaching ! There is go- 
ing to be a gale. Let us go into the house, George." 
They had not been in the house more than half an 
hour until the rain began to pour, and the deep-toned 
thunder seemed to shake the whole earth. The vivid 

Hash of lightning ever and anon illuminated the whole 

George was apparently a brave man, but now his 
whole body trembled. John was surprised. " What 
ails thee, brother? You have boasted of not being 
afraid of the power of man. We are safe. God's man- 
ifold power is being manifested now in a sublime and 
grand way. Come here to the window, George. Who 
paved with those grand, heavy clouds the heaven that 
an hour ago was bespangled with stars ? Who attuned 
the heavens with the voice of thunders and unchained 
the lightnings that flash in their gloom? \*es, there 
is a God." 

" Well, John, I confess to you that I cannot answer 
your pertinent questions, ami as I am weary with my 
much traveling, I desire to retire. Possibly in the 
morning I can answer better." 

The next morning dawned bright and fair. The 
many birds were singing songs of praise to God, and 
all nature was proclaiming him in language too plain 
to doubt. 

George arose and was very joyous too. After 
breakfast John suggested a walk through the wood 
to a nearby river. As they were walking through the 
beautiful wood bedecked with flowers, and alive it 
seemed with happy birds, John pointed out a special 
oak that was a large tree when they were yet boys. 
" Who has kept alive that sturdy oak these three score 
ami fifteen years? It is still king of the forest. Who 
has caused that little oak to come forth from the little 
acorn? " pointing to a little tree, not more than a foot 

" Just suppose now, George, it was zero weather 
just now, the ground covered with snow, the icicles 
sparkling everywhere and all vegetation apparently 
dead. That would be just as strong evidence that 
there is a God as the scene before us. Would it not? 

" You have said that the ocean almost convinced 
you that there was a God. Yes, and you have been in 
the Bible lands too. You know, and 1 have heard, 
that there arc many strong evidences there to-day that 
prove the existence of God. You who have seen these 
things, how can you doubt? I have never been to the 
Orient, nor have I ever seen the ocean, yet 1 know 
there is a God. Surely the vast ocean with its broad 
expanse confirms the declaration. I ( I had never seen 
anything except the beautiful blue scroll above I would 
believe. Who made the glorious orb with its re- 
splendent beauty? It declares him every hour of the 

" Look now below. Who made the earth, the 
myriad pebbles? Ah, we can look nowhere but that 
something, or everything, I should say, is proclaiming 
him— everything but man. Who created thee, O man ? 
Who gave thee thy senses? O man, thou art wonder- 
fully made. Each joint in its corresponding socket, 
each bone, muscle, tendon, vein, even the smallest 
capillary has its allotted function to perform. How 
precise ! But, George, greater than these, man is pos- 
sessed with a soul that is destined to live onward 
through the endless ages of eternity. These all unite 
in proclaiming that there is a God who is ever watch- 
ing over his creation. And there is but One from 
whom all blessings flow. Praise him all creatures 
here below." 

"John, O John, stop I I can endure no more 
proofs. I believe, O, I believe there is a God. O, the 
irrevocable past! I have never thought of these 
things. These fifty years of my life are lost| Howl 
might have enjoyed the countless blessings around me. 
but I never tried to believe. How many like myself 
are blind to the things that are near us and all around! 
But my eyes are opened now. O, the indescribable 
joy! To believe. To know there is a God. Let us 
both proclaim his name to others." 

" Well, George, there are still many infallible 

Yes, I know and can see them too now. Yet no 
man can tell them all. I have lost the money, and I 
am glad. To believe in God is worth more than your 
thousands', John." 

" Yes, to believe is worth much, but, O, the doing 
his commands is where the joy comes in. But I want 
to pay you anyhow, George." 

" No, I will not take one cent, not a cent." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 



We have now been in the Panhandle of Texas a 
little more than two months, and in a few days we will 
leave for a time, ff the Lord will. A few days after 
crossing the Oklahoma line we drove away from the 
railroad, and from that time to this we have not heard 
the sound of a locomotive or factory whistle. During 
all this time we have received our mail at irregular 
intervals. Once, after being without ma.l a week, 
we received a telephone message that it would be 
brought by a brother to within about three miles of 
where we were, and a little girl was sent horseback 
and found it at the appointed place, tied in a bundle 
and hanging on a wire fence. At another time we 
authorized a friend to open a letter we were anxious 
about and tell us the contents over the telephone. Dur- 
ing this time three weeks passed during which I was 
in exile from the Messenger, though I was in the 
homes of members nearly every day. This is an ex- 
perience I do not remember having had at any other 
time since the first issue of the Messenger appeared. 
I have sat by pleasant firesides where the only avail- 
able fuel was " cow chips " and have enjoyed many a 
meal that had been cooked over a fire fed by the same 
fuel. In this land of cattle I have gone for weeks 
at a time without seeing butter, though I very much 
like to see good butter about three times a day. Here 
1 think I have encountered more fleas (killing many 
and scratching the places where many more had been) 
than in all my life before. But none of these things 
move me. It is because of not one of these things 
that we have decided to leave Texas even temporarily. 
In many respects these people live a life that most of 
you would perhaps describe as '•roughing it"; but 
we are perfectly willing to "rough it" with them 
for the Gospel's sake, and we mention these things 
not at all in the spirit of complaint, but purely as a 
matter of information to you. 

It brings me special pleasure to do the Lord's work 
in places where there are few or none others to do it ; 
and under this impulse to do something for the Lord 
that perhaps wouldn't be done if I didn't do it, and to 
go into places that few others would care to go, I have 
within the last few years edged my way through the 
brush, waded mud, jolted over rocks and mountains 
and in the city sought out the homes of the poor and 
neglected, have found shelter in log and box houses 
which furnished considerably more ventilation than 
was necessary for comfort, have sat down to meals of 
hard corn bread, bacon, molasses and black coffee and 
addressed small gatherings in out-of-the-way places, 
in schoolhouses, private houses, from porches and 
under trees, and have enjoyed it, and still do. And 
all this not because I do not enjoy good society and 
first-class entertainment. No; it is more pleasant to 
me personally to labor among the large and well es- 
tablished churches, to address large congregations, to 
enjoy the fellowship of many Brethren, to sit at the 
tables of the well-to-do and eat chicken and pie and 
have access to all the pastry and condiments and des- 
serts and relishes that other folks like, and to sleep 
on a downy bed in a " spare " room, all to myself, 
rather than in the kitchen where I must get up jn the 
morning, dress and " stir out " before the hostess can 
begin to prepare the morning meal. Then, too, work 
among the strong churches pays better from a financial 
standpoint. The fact is, most of this frontier work 
falls far short of paying out as figured by the man 
of mercenary mind, and to this fact a number of faith- 
ful, self-sacrificing brethren whom I know, who work 
right on, year in and year out, but make no loud noise 
about it. could amply testify. But notwithstanding all 
these facts, as the Lord may give me time and strength 
for his service, you are likely to find me much on the 
frontier, somewhere in the backwoods, or. if in the 
city, on the lookout for the fellow or the class or the 
work that seems to be neglected by others, not because 
I like it best, but because it brings a peace of con- 
science that I can't quite get in any other way. 

But if this is the spirit in which we labor, why 
should we leave the Panhandle of Texas? Well, it is 
this way ; There is much bright, sunny weather here 

in Texas, but with it now in December pretty cold 
wind and a good deal of it. We are in the belt of the 
far-famed Texas " northers," and the changes of tem- 
perature are frequent and sometimes very sudden, and 
more and more, as winter has come on, have we feared 
that our usefulness in church work would be hindered 
by the uncertainty of the weather and the long dis- 
tances we here have to drive. Already we have missed 
a few appointments on this account, and since the 
thirty-five-mile drive that we had to make to and from 
last Sunday's appointment, wife and both children have 
severe colds and my cough is worse than at any time 
since last spring. A few members in southern New 
Mexico have written us that there are wide-open doors 
of opportunity for the Lord's work in that land; 
if he will, we will leave the mission wagon and 
bronchos here in Texas and for a few weeks sojourn 
in southern New Mexico, about three hundred miles 
southwest of our present location. And that every 
move and every stop we make may be overruled to the 
highest praise of our blessed Lord, we try to make 
our daily prayer. 

Miami, Texas, Dec. 22. 




It is a high, solemn," almost awful, thought for 
every individual man, that his earthly influence which 

es have 

has a commencement will never through all 
an end! 

What is done is done — has already blended itself 
with the boundless, ever-living, ever-working universe 
and will work there for good or evil, openly or se- 
cretly, through all time. 

We, all of us, lose sight more or less of this prin- 
ciple, and apparently act on the assumption that what 
we do or think or say can affect no one but ourselves. 
But we are so connected with the immortal beings 
around us, and with those who are to come after us, 
that we cannot avoid exerting a most important in- 
fluence over their character and final condition; and 
thus, long after we shall be no- more— nay, long after 
the world itself shall be no more— the consequences of 
our conduct to thousands of our fellow-men will fig- 
ure greatly to determine their success or failure in this 
world, and in the world to come their everlasting ruin 
or eternal happiness. 

What we do is noted, perhaps unconsciously, by all 
about us. What we say is transmitted in echoes that 
will never cease. Neutral we cannot be. Living we 
act and dead we speak. For, just as we notice the 
actions of others and are consciously or unconsciously 
influenced by them in one way or another, so are the)' 
influenced by our every word and act. 

The little source of water that springs up on the 
hillside wends its way into greater and greater cur- 
rents ; it may be dipped up one place to water a flower, 
at another place it may quench the thirst of a tired 
horse. So every person exerts an influence, regardless 
of condition or apparent insignificance. It matters 
not how long we live, where or with whom, " none 
of us liveth to himself." 

The babe that perished on the bosom of its mother, 
like a flower that bowed its head and drooped amid 
the death-frosts of time, that babe, not only in its 
image but in its influence, still lives and speaks in the 
chambers of the mother's heart. 

The friend, perhaps, with whom we took sweet 
counsel, is removed visibly from the outer eye ; but 
the lessons that he taught, the grand sentiments that 
he uttered, the deeds of generosity by which he was 
characterized, the character as well as the likeness of 
the man still survive and appear plainly carved upon 
the tablets of memory, and though dead, he yet speak- 
eth eloquently and in the midst of us. 

Everything leaves a history and an influence. The 
little pebble, as well as the mighty planet, goes at- 
tended by its shadow. Not a footstep into the snow 
nor along the ground but prints in. characters more or 
less lasting a map of the traveler's march. The sun 
sets beyond the distant hills, but the trail of light he 
leaves behind guides the pilgTim to his distant home. 

The tree falls in the forest, but in the lapse of ages it 
turns into coal and our fires burn now the brighter 
because it grew and fell. We live and we die, but 
the good or evil that we do lives after us, and is not 
" buried with our bones." 

The golden words that good men have uttered, the 
examples they have set, live through all time. They 
are as lights set upon a hill, illuminating the moral 
atmosphere around them ; and the light of their spirit 
continues to shine upon all succeeding generations. 
The sphere in which he acts may be small or it may 
be great, it may be by his fireside or throughout a 
kingdom, it matters not — the very words that he ut- 
ters sound along the years like voices among the moun- 
tain gorges, and he has transmitted to mankind either 
a blessing which will repeat itself in showers of bene- 
diction or a curse which will multiply itself in rolling 
mountains of evil. 

Since we all have a personal influence, and our words 
and actions leave a well-nigh indelible trace, it is our 
duty to make that influence as potential for good as 
possible. Oh, how far-reaching this influence, and 
how great our responsibility. It clings to us. We 
cannot shake it off. It is born in us and grows with 
our growth and strengthens with our strength. It 
speaks, it walks, it moves in every act of our lives. 
We cannot live to ourselves. We must be either a 
light to illuminate or a tempest to destroy. 

And the most important fact is, the record we can- 
not interline; that is, our lives written on others' 
hearts. How gladly we would review and write in a 
kind word there, a generous act here, erase a frown 
and put in a loving word, a bright smile and a tender 
expression ! Harshness would be erased and gentle- 
ness written. But, alas! what is written is written! 
And we're still writing. Are we satisfied with what 
we're writing on the hearts of others ? 

Bedford City, Va. 



As the records of the old year are being balanced 
up and we are ushered into a new year, it is natural 
that we should review the happenings of the past year 
and form some resolutions for the new. 

No year in the world's history has been recorded on 
the pages of literature with so many daring deeds and 
such a spirit of reformation. The inventions and dis- 
coveries in the scientific field challenge our admiration. 
The Russo-Japanese war has not been equaled in 
destruction and general results in the last decade. 
The Japanese have placed themselves in the ranks of 
the leading modern nations. They have shown mili- 
tary tact and courage unsurpassed by any people or 
nationality. This war has started a flame in Russia 
that will cause a general reformation. The eyes of 
the world are looking anxiously for the outcome of the 
terrible slaughter of the present turmoil. The wishes 
of the people as made manifest in the political cam- 
paign in September in New York City, Philadelphia 
and Ohio show that this is yet a government of the 
people and will not yield to the political bosses. The 
immoral and dishonest practices of the insurance com- 
panies and other organizations are given their just 
reward from the hand of the American citizens. The 
leading denominations are putting forth an effort for a 
more united and systematic work. Not many days 
ago a conference met in the Carnegie Hall represent- 
ing thirty of the leading denominations, a composite 
body of five hundred enthusiastic Christian men. The 
object of this convention is " to secure a large com- 
bined influence for the churches of Christ in all mat- 
ters affecting the moral and social condition of the 
people, so as to promote the law of Christ in every 
relation of human life." 

This has been a year of definite action and of 
broadening vision and sympathy. The stirring events 
and strong forces of the year have put a new face on 
the world. And with it we are ushered into a new 
vear. What shall be accomplished during the year 
into whose dawn we are just entering? Every ra- 
tional being has his part to play in this great work. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6. 1906. 

We may feel small and insignificant in these great 
world-wide movements, but after all it is the in- 
dividuals that compose the masses. Then we con- 
clude that what is accomplished during the coming 
year will depend on personal work. Our personal 
work and influence may be summed up by our respect 
for self, by our love for our fellow-men, and by our 
reverence to our God. 

We owe it to ourselves morally to develop the 
fundamental traits of character, which are energy, 
courage, honesty and unselfishness. Spiritually we are 
individually responsible to make our wills his will 
and to be obedient to his divine law. What we are 
morally and spiritually will determine to a great ex- 
tent the happenings and results of the coming year. 

The great social question as it confronts the world 
to-day depends with all its different phases on the 
second great commandment, " Thou Shalt love thy 
neighbor as thyself." This question of love for our 
fellow-men will do more toward Christianizing the 
world, bringing universal peace and the millennial 
reign than any other one question. 

The first great commandment is, " Thou shalt love 
the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy 
soul, and with all thy mind." We have great rever- 
ence for God because of his great power. He has 
created the earth and all its contents ; he rules the 
universe ; nothing is too insignificant for his care and 
protection; he is all-powerful. Then why should we 
not bow in humble submission to his Spirit? What 
the next twelve months shall bring forth is not for us 
to say. But we are safe in saying that the doings of 
1906 will depend greatly on the character of individ- 
uals, their relation to one another and to their God. 
May we as a Christian army concentrate our forces 
and unite our efforts that during this year of revivals 
and world-wide reformation the borders of Zion may 
be increased and souls may be saved. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 


pendence to be placed in Bible teaching. Every teach- 
er and parent should watch carefully for the first sign 
of the boy or girl entering this critical stage in his ot- 
her mental and religious experience, for unless care- 
ful training he given, the consequences may become 

This brief philosophical explanation will make clear 
much religious phenomena in the history of the race. 
This religion of the imagination is common not only 
to the individual youth but also to the youth of the 
race. When man began to be reflective and to clarify 
his religious ideas and images, he was checked from 
some cause and so became idolatrous — his idols being 
the making objectively real his mental images. So 
error reigned supreme. 

The other extreme is also noticeable in many in- 
dividuals and particularly in one more recent period. 
When the race became conscious of the absurdities of 
these religious images and the disgusting practices 
of a corrupt and ignorant clergy bowing down to 
sacred relics, pictures and statues, many flung aside 
not only the husk but also the kernel itself. This was 
the period of deism in England and rationalism in 
Germany in the eighteenth century. The nineteenth 
century witnessed a salutary recoil from the atheism 
of the previous century. But unless the church and 
Christian education carefully guard and guide the re- 
flective period of every youth, the twentieth century 
will witness the most frightful consequences of un- 
belief and skepticism ever known. 

The forces that compel to such prophetic utterance 
are paramount and need no seer to point them out. 
The really alert bishop will seek the best, trained Sun- 
day-school teachers; he will put forth heroic efforts 
to equip adequately the young minister. In very fact, 
without a speedy enlarging of the educational means 
within the church she will lose a much larger per cent 
of her talent and strength than she has ever lost. 
And the casual observer can readily see the irreparable 
loss she has already suffered. 
North Manchester, Ind. 


amount on God's ledger opposite tiie names of the " lib- 
eral givers " — the kind the Father loves. And when thfcse. 
liberal and cheerful givers stand yonder in the presence 
of him whom they serve, how it will gladden their hearts 
forever to know that they have helped the Father's King- 
dom to come. 

Sister Barbara Gish. of Roanoke, III., remembered Us 
with $10 as a Christmas gifl, to be used in the Lord's 
work. Sister Gish is like " Anna " of old, she rendets 
most acceptable service to her Lord in her old age. What 
a blessing to the church to have these " Annas " here and 
there in our Brotherhood 

Sister Henrietta Broadwater, of Maryland, setlds (is ah 
offering, saying: " I aiu sixty-four years of age and ahl 
glad the Lord is so good to me. 1 send you ari offering 
lor his cause." 

We enjoy such good little leltcrs to the full. Tell us your 
age. Tell us how long you have been ill the church. 
Till us how much you love the Lord, — yes, tell lis any- 
thing that is good. A sister from North Carolina asks Us 
to unite with her in prayer for a wayward son. All such 
letters we read in our public services, and we have special 
prayer for the eases presented to us. 

Pray much for the Lord's work in Brooklyn. 

Yours In bis service. 
Som 3rd Ave, I, K111I7 Millet, 

One prominent characteristic of the mind is to ob- 
jectify, to concrete all of its states and products. This 
is inherently natural. While it delights to delve into 
the realm of the abstract, yet it persistently tries to 
make objectively real its abstractions. In fact, the 
mental life seems to begin with a contemplation of the 
concrete and does not consciously have anything to 
do with any other until some years later. While the 
child does considerable abstracting, yet he is scarcely 
conscious of it, for the inherent tendency of the mind 
immediately to concrete its products draws away the 
mind's attention from the abstract to the concrete. 
This is especially noticeable when the parent, having 
used an abstract term, such as justice, goodness, etc., 
is asked by the child what it means, and explains by- 
referring to some concrete example or person. 

It is well known that the first ideas taught the child 
are according to the object method. Everything is 
made to appeal to his senses, and without this method 
there is no attempt at explanation. Even all religious 
ideas, howsoever abstract they may be, must be con- 
creted. Hence, the crude, anthropomorphic images 
the child forms are thought to be representative of a 
real object. This is unavoidable and not to be con- 
demned, but to be sacredly guarded and guided. 

But within a few years that youth will become more 
reflective and begin to criticise his former crude im- 
ages of that which cannot be really imagined. This 
is the critical or dangerous stage of every youth. If 
this criticism is allowed to go unguarded and un- 
guided by parent, guardian and Sunday-school teach- 
er, unbelief and skepticism will almost certainly result. 
The contradictions and absurdities of the images are 
so marked that the rapidly growing mind is in serious 
danger of losing confidence in his parent. Sunday- 
school teacher and church. 

When these absurdities are once clearly perceived, 
they come with such force that the mind unaccustomed 
to such shocks and critical thinking, is likely to swMng 
to the other extreme and to declare there is no de- 


rch has lust closed .me of the most inter- 

c cti- 

If you wish to be miserable, think alxiut yourself, 
about what you want, what you like, what respect 
people ought to pay you ; and then to you nothing will 
be pure. You will spoil everything you touch, you 

will make misery for yourself out of everything which Saturday "morning, Dec 
God sends you : you will be as wretched as you choose. 
— Charles Kingsley. 


csting series of meetings cvet' held here. Eld. Benj 

Forney, of Navarre, Katis.. commenced preaching Su 
morning, Nov. 26, and continued until Dec. 9. when w 
joyed another love feast, a feast to the soul indeed 
Forney, being the only minister from a distance, offi- 
ciated and preached to a crowded house on Sunday 
morning and evening. The meetings continued till Wed- 
nesday night of the third week, when one dear soul ex- 
pressed a desire to walk with us. Then on Saturday 
evening one more made the same decision; Sunday morn- 
ing two more, and in the evening one more. The meet- 
ings continued on in the fourth week, when on Tuesday 
bapiisur was administered to four of the applicants. 

That night three more decided to go with 
meetings continued the rest of the fourth 
others made the same decision Had we 
ing in two weeks perhaps those deal- 
have come to the decision they did. 
in the fourth week of the meeting 



:1c, whc-tl two 

we closed our tnccl- 

:ar ones would not 

More united with us 

than all the rest of 

hue. Bro, Forney preached thirty-two earnest dis- 

lllt! the more effectual work was done with the 

to-house visitation. About fifty visits were made, 

he was able to reach them with the message God 

I I hem to receive. 


" Write what thou aeest, 

■ati It unto the churches." 


<e up 


me money 

/ork o 

n ihc 

en liu 

id red 

our l< 


• Bro 




Bro. D. W. Kurtz began a scries of meetings on Christ- 
mas evening. So far our brother has been giving us most 
excellent gospel sermons. We hope to continue our meet- 
ings until Jan. 7. 

Sister Katie Grossniekle. of Maryland, having a desire 
to take Bible work, has secured employment in a good 
home near the mission, and is now one of our Brooklyn 
members. We have about six Bible classes each week, 
and, with our other services in the mission, an excellent 
opportunity is offered to such as desire to lak 
Bible study, and at the same time earn s< 
besides. The class is now doing some good i 
Gospel of St. Luke. 

During the past month we received over sci 
letters. We have over one thousand names on 
and as th'is is the time of the year that ll: 
meetinghouse pledges fall due. our mail is 
hope to hear from the remaining three hundred persons 
during the coming month. 

Bro. D. W. Hendricks. Coon Rapids, Iowa, says: " En- 
closed find the full amount of my pledge. I am so much 
interested in the building of that Brooklyn church that if 
I did not have the money for my pledge 
the money and pay interest upon it If 
Brotherhood, would pull together, the 
dedicated in the next ten months," 

Bro, Hendricks, we like ihc spirit of your I. 
much We regard such letters as din 
dicates every good thing. They are 
in the weary desert of trying experiences in mission work. 

Another good letter came from Iowa with no name, 
containing a check for $50: also one from Rudy. Pa, 
signed "A Brother and Sister," with a $50 check. This 
gladdens our hearts very much to open such letters; but 
how it must gladden th< 

Bro. Forney returned home on 
23. The writer continued the 
meetings over Sunday, Baptism was administered to five 
on Sunday. Of the nine baptized eight were heads of 
families; three couples, husband and wife. Two dear 
sisters, whose husbands were not willing to make the sac- 
rifice, led I he way without I heir husbands. We hope their 
companions will not tarry long. The oilier, a dear young 
sister of twelve years, meekly followed the steps of her 
Savior. One dear young girl of sixteen years, who de- 
sired to follow Ihc example of her Master, was forbid- 
den by her father. This makes two young girls who de- 
sired to unite with the church but their parents objected, 
thus in the new fields we meet opposition that tile 
brethren and sisters do not have to contend with in the 
older fields Brethren and sisters, pray for the Victor 
church. A - c Daggett. 

Covert, Kans, Dec. 25. 


I would borrow 
we. as an entire 
church could he 

ct from llim w 
' God-sends " — oai 


special Bible session will commence Jan. 21. The 
opening address will be given on Sunday morning, and in 
the evening Bro. M. G. Brumbaugh will give the first of 
his six lectures on "Great Educational Principles of the 

Gospel." , , , 

Those who want the full benefit of these lectures should 
„ol fail to be here on Saturday evening, Jan. 20. Then, 
too. the regular class work will begin on Monday uiorn- 
ing and it is. very important that all who intend to take 
the work with a view of getting the full benefit from It 
should be present at the beginning and remain to the 
end The classes will be conducted by members of the 
faculty and Eld. T T. Myers and Sister Lizzie Howe. 
Bro Myers will conduct a Round Table talk with min- 
ister, and Sisicr Howe will discuss personal work, or 
"How to Use the Bible in Dealing with Souls." 

The program throughout is of a very practical charac- 
ter and will be helpful to all Christian workers. 

Eld. W. S. Long, of Altoona, P.a, v 
gelistic services. Those coming : 
as possible. 

The full program is given in the 
of which will be -en! to any address fcce. 

mucn to uij,.-ii 3j„i ,,..,... .., 

recording angel as he places the Huntingdon, Pa, 

should notify us as soon 
: College Bulletin, a copy 
J. B. Brumbaugh. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 


In Gospel Messenger of Dec. 2, present volume, 
No 48 page 774, is a request to those making rail- 
road arrangements that they endeavor to put them- 
selves in touch with certain lines that they may aid 
the meeting. Having been one of the members on a 
committee of recent years to arrange and manage an 
Annual Meeting, I can fully appreciate the above 
reasonable request; and, further, being on said com- 
mittee puts one in a position to familiarize himself 
with human tendencies and strong personalities made 

Some complaint was heard at last Annual Meeting 
because certain brethren received appointments, who 
had other engagements, and some one had to be sub- 
stituted in their place. In other words, they received 
the popular recognition by being placed upon the 
program, and someone else had the work to do and 
no time to prepare. This is hardly fair. Some feeling 
was expressed that there should be a query sent up to 
Annual Meeting making bare this fact. Feeling that 
Annual Meeting time can be better utilized than out- 
lining matter that is so simple upon its face, I would 
suggest that committee of arrangements, ministerial 
committee, Standing Committee through the moder- 
ator, and all, strive to make only assignments to those 
who are not already engaged, either upon Standing 
Committee, General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
Sunday School Advisory Committee, or having such 
other duties as might hinder them, or in any way make 
the appointment inadvisable. 

The amount of material to draw from ill the Broth- 
erhood is so abundant that there is no necessity of 
burdening some and passing others by, either with 
work or honor, which might in any way savor of 
monopoly. Governor Bradford, of the Pilgrim fa- 
thers, thought " the honors and labors of office ought 
to be' distributed." and this is properly the right view 
to take of the situation, and no query of this nature 
will need to he sent to Annual Meeting if the timely 
and proper precaution is considered. 

portion of the Bible, I don't know why everyone has 
not the same privilege. 

There was a gentleman who attended the church 
of which he was a member for five years. At last 
one day he took his Bible and gave it to his minister 
and said-. "That is your Bible." "Why do you call 
it my Bible?" asked the minister. "Well," replied 
the gentleman, " I have listened to your preaching for 
five years and when you said a thing was not authentic 
I cut it out." He had about one-third of his Bible 

cut out. . , 

The minister wanted him to leave the Bible with 
him. He did not want the rest of his congregation 
to see it But the gentleman answered, " I have the 
covers yet, and I will keep them," and off he went 
holding on to the covers. If we would believe what 
some men preach, there would be nothing left of our 
Bibles in a few months, but the covers. 

There are ministers who dare not preach the Bible 
as it is They omit some of the plain commands. They 
'dare not preach all for fear that their salary will be 
cut down. We are not to add to or take from the 

Warden, Wis. 

■ • ■ 


world, a common ground for all faiths. An American 
secretary would have great prestige." 

It is good that these young men should be permitted 
to engage in the work they are doing. They are not 
making converts to Christianity in the full New Testa- 
ment sense, but the way is being paved for the 
more perfect work. It is unfortunate that we cannot 
have in the sacred city a few earnest missionaries, who 
will make it their business to teach the whole Gospel. 
Possibly the time for that has not come, but it is to 
come, for the Gospel, we mean all of it, must yet be 
preached in all the world, and that includes Jerusalem. 





The Scriptures teach us that there are different 
purposes in particular and one in general. One pur- 
pose or design is for the remission of our sins. Peter 
includes that in his reply to the Pentecostian inquiry, 
as stated in Acts 2 : 38. Also Ananias speaks of it as 
a means of " washing away " sins (Acts 22: 16). 

Another purpose is for the reception of the Holy 
Ghost (Acts 2: 38). And we also notice the Holy 
Spirit came down and abode on Jesus after his bap- 
tism by John (Matt. 3: 16). 

It is the means of getting into Christ or putting on 
Christ (Rom. 6: 3; Gal. 3: 27). It is an erroneous 
idea that we get into Christ before baptism. The 
Scriptures nowhere teach, to my knowledge, that we 
are baptized in Christ. 

Another design of baptism is to " enter into the 
kingdom of God " (John 3:5). We cannot hope for 
salvation outside the kingdom ; we must enter in and 
have our names recorded in the book of life (Rev. 20: 

The last design of baptism that I will refer to is to 
save us. This is clearly taught in Mark 16: 16 and 
1 Peter 3: 21. This may be sneered at as baptismal 
salvation, but it is Bible doctrine and we can do no 
better than to accept it. 
Trinity, Va. 


It is very fashionable for some people to say, " Yes, 
I believe the Bible, but not the supernatural. I be- 
lieve everything that corresponds with my reason." 

These people will commence reading the Bible with 
a penknife in their hands, cutting out what they do 
not like. Now if one has the right to cut out a certain 

by c. c. PRICE. 

Not long since we noticed in a Chicago newspaper 
and on large advertising boards in and around Chi- 
cago an advertisement that to me was very suggestive. 
There were only four words, yet a whole newspaper 
page was used to make it conspicuous. It was this : 


As we read it we were made to ask ourself the 
question, Is it all?! We wish that it might 
be said of it, "That's all." But no; that whiskey 
sign stands for more misery and woe than tongue or 
pen can tell. It stands for all that goes to make life 
not worth the living. It stands for ragged wives 
and widows and homeless children. It stands for 
what we are forced sometimes to call homes that more 
properly are veritable hells; minus the necessaries of 
life where the joys and pleasures of a Christian home 
are not even thought of. 

Sisters, beware of the man that loves the intox- 
icating cup ; he may say it is only one glass. " That's 
all." Is it all? Ponder well, look before you leap, 
for whatsoever . man soweth that shall he also reap. 

Polo. III. _____ 


Calling attention to the religious outlook in Jeru- 
salem, a writer, who has visited the city, in the Chris- 
tian Herald says: 

"Jerusalem has young men, consequently- is a city 
of hope. The hope of a " holy " city lies in the coming 
generation. It contains probably about ten thousand 
young men. many without education, all practically 
without commercial opportunity or training. The gov- 
ernment is exceedingly conservative. On one occasion 
the officials nailed up the door of the Young Men's 
Christian Association and took down the sign. The 
British Consul, who is deeply interested, opened the 
door and replaced the sign. This Association occupies 
the ground floor of a small centrally located building. 
There are fifty members, of whom one-half are young 
men converted from Judaism. I have never seen a 
body of young men so eager for leadership in Christian 
work. A good Association building with a competent 
secretary could work wonders along sanitary, commer- 
cial and educational, as well as religious lines. The 
presence of so many visitors who are leaders in educa- 
tional work could be utilized in connection with lec- 
tures and receptions, and there could be secured for 
these young men some of the best obtainable talent. 
Intense prejudice exists between the various sects, and 
the world looks on aghast at the Turkish soldiers whose 
presence is necessary to keep peace among these sects 
of Christians. Fortunately Protestants are not includ- 
ed in this animosity, and the Young Men's Christian 
Association would make, as it has done in the Western 

Scripture Reading, Ezek. 3: 16-22. 

I. Watch Ye. 

1. Consciousness of Danger 1 ^ etfc 7 %-° 

2. Knowledge of Weakness, ..J ob 7:5 

3. Foes Numerous and Strong Isa. 59: IV 

4. Time of Altack Unknown Matt. 24: 43 

II. Stand Fast in the Faith. 

1. We are Well Fortified Mark 9: IS 

2. Supplies are Abundant "VVi:* _ 7, 

3. Reinforcements in Sight .2 Kings 6: 7 

4 Tactics Unquestionable, Josh. 23:10-14 

5. Commander is Able June 24 

III. Quit You Like Men. 

1. " Onward " Our Motto V sa fll: 5 

2. Friends are Cheering Heb. 12: 1-3 

3. A Crown is Waiting 1 Peter 5:4 

IV. Be Strong. 

1. In Principle, Eph. 4:14 

2. In Courage D»n 6:10-23 

3. In Faith - Rom - 4:20 

I. Watch Ye. — If there ever was a time that every 

Christian professor should be a watchman — a sentinel — 
that time is now. Foes open and secret are about us; 
foes within and foes without; foes wily and foes de 
structive. The right kind of watchman must realize the 
danger that is surrounding him on all sides and in various 
forms He must be able to recognize the weakest places 
in his bulwarks. He must be constantly on the alert for 
he never knows when he may expect an attack Matt. 
24:42. To sleep and grow careless means death for him- 
self and destruction to the cause in which he is inter- 
ested. Matt. 13:25; 1 Thess. 5:6. 

II. Stand Fast in the Faith.— A sentinel must possess 
confidence in the cause over which he stands guard. This 
will add much to his power. He must know, too, that 
he shall be well provided for by a stronger arm than his 
own. He must realize that his orders are perfect ana 
that he is expected to carry them out literally. _ 

III Quit You Like Men.— The Christian's watchword is 
"Onward ever onward!" He need not worry about it 
either for " as thy days, so shall thy strength be." Deut. 
33:25. ., ., _ 

IV Be Strong.— In principle, be immovable (1 Cor. 
15-58), in courage, dauntless (John 19:10, 11), in faith, 
strong (Luke 8:48; Matt. 9:29). Many are interested in 
us and our welfare. Matt. 10:30; Heb. 7:25; 1:14 Fi- 
nally comes the glorious reward — the prize. 1 Cor. 9:24, 
2 Tim. 4:8. 


For Week Beginning Janu 
THE BURDEN OF SOULS.— Psa. 142:4. 

I. What Do We Owe to Others? 

1 To have a firm conviction of the priceless value of 
a soul. Matt. 16:26. Realizing this, our earnest 
effort in behalf of others is not only a blessed 
privilege but a supreme duty. 

2 To cherish tender solicitude for their welfare. 1 
Thess 5-23. Paul's prayer should be the desire of 
every true believer. Like Paul, it should be our 
constant aim that others may prosper, and es- 
pecially spiritually. 

3 To feel an alarming apprehension of their danger. 
James 5:20. With too many there is not a keen 
realization of the danger ahead. Deeming them- 
selves secure, they care not for others. The fact is 
that we are in danger ourselves, if we neglect to 
help others. 

4 To make zealous exertions for the salvation of 
others Acts 20:31. "Day and night" the faith- 
ful apostle labored, " with tears " that others might 
hear the message and heed it. 

II. Who is Specially Responsible? 

' means care, ef- 

1. Parents. Prov. 22:6. "Train up' 
fort — not an aimless life. 

2. Ministers. 1 Cor. 9: 16. " Woe unto me," says 
Paul, "if I preach not the Gospel." 

3. Every believer. Amos 6: 1- All should work. God 
wants no drones. 

III. The Awful Results of Neglect. 

1. To neglect is ungrateful 1 Peter 2:9. As "a 
royal priesthood." why should we refuse to do the 
King's bidding? 

2 To neglect is cruel. Rom. 14:7-10. All must 
stand at the judgment seat. All must give ac- 
count. „„ „ ., t. , „ 

3. To neglect may be fatal. Psa. 95:7. To-day 
has the promise. What you mean to do to-mor- 
row, may never be done. Act to-day! 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 

■■—• HOME AND FAMILY •••• 



Tears had banished sleep. 

Then the sadness calm 
Was filled with thoughts, so deep 

That earth was all forgotten, 
And I forgot to weep. 
The sorrow deemed so vast, 

Dimmed from my sight. 
God's love was not all past; 

Pastures new, the sheep would find. 
And waters still, at last. 
Harrod, Ohio. _ 


In 1867, when I was twenty-seven years old, a ' 
branch of the Young Men's Christian Association was 
organized at Newcastle, Pennsylvania, of which I was 
elected secretary, and later president. In 1870, with 
two or three others, I was appointed a delegate to the 
International Convention of the Association to be held 
at Indianapolis that year. 

It was announced that Moody would lead a morn- 
ing prayer meeting at 7 o'clock. I was rather late, 
and sat down near the door with a United Presby- 
terian minister, the Rev. Robert McMillen, a delegate 
from my own county, who said to me, " Mr. Sankey, 
the singing here has been abominable; I wish you 
would start up something when that man stops pray- 
ing, if he ever does." Being urged by a psalm-sing- 
ing minister to sing a hymn, I promised to do so, and 
when the opportunity offered I sang the familiar 
hymn, " There is a fountain filled with blood." The 
congregation joined heartily, and a brighter aspect 
seemed to be given to the meeting. 

At the conclusion of the meeting Mr. McMillen 
said to me : " Let me introduce you to Mr. Moody." 
We joined the little procession of persons who were 
going up to shake hands with him, and thus I met for 
the first time the man with whom, in the providence 
of God, I was to be associated for the remainder of 
his life, or nearly thirty years. 

Moody's first words to me, after my introduction, 
were, "Where are you from? Are you married? 
What is your business?" Upon telling him that I 
lived in Pennsylvania, was married, had two children, 
and was in the government employ, he said abruptly, 
" You will have to give that up." 

I stood amazed, at a loss to understand why the 
man told me that I would have to give up what I con- 
sidered a good position. "What for?" I exclaimed. 
" To come to Chicago and help me in my work," 
was the answer. 

When I told him that I could not leave my business, 
he retorted, " You must; I have been looking for you 
for the last eight years." 

I answered that I would think the matter over ; but 
as yet I had no thought of giving up my position. 
Mr. Moody then asked me if I would go with him 
and pray over the matter, and to this I consented,— 
out of politeness. After the prayer, we parted, and 
I returned to my room, much impressed by Mr. 
Moody's prayer, but still undecided. 

The next day I received a card from Mr. Moody 
asking if I would meet him on a certain street corner 
that evening at six o'clock. At that hour I was at 
the place named, with a few of my friends. In a few 
minutes Moody came along. 

Without stopping to speak, he passed on into a 
stare near by, and asked permission to use a large 
store-box. The permission was granted, he rolled 
the box into the street, and, calling me aside, asked 
me to get up on the box and sing something. 

"Am I a soldier of the cross?" soon gathered a 
considerable crowd. After the song, Mr. Moody 
climbed up on the box and began to talk. The work- 
ingmen were just going home from the mills and the 
factories, and in a short time a very large crowd had 
gathered. The people stood spellbound as the words 
fell from Moody's lips with wonderful force and rap- 
idity. When he had spoken for some twenty-five 

minutes, he announced that the meeting would be con- 
tinued at the Opera House, and invited the people 
to accompany us there. He asked me to lead the 
way, and with my friends sing some familiar hymn. 
This we did, singing, as we marched down the street, 
" Shall we gather at the river? " The men with the 
dinner-pails followed closely on our heels instead of 
going home, so completely were they carried away by 
the sermon from the store-box. 

The Opera House was packed to the doors, and 
Moody first saw that all the workingmen were seated 
before he ascended to the platform to speak. His 
second address was as captivating as the one delivered 
on the street corner, and it was not until the delegates 
had arrived for the evening session of the convention 
that Mr. Moody closed the meeting, saying, " Now we 
must close, as the brethren of the convention wish to 
come in to discuss the question, ' How to reach the 
masses.' " Here was a man who could successfully 
reach the masses while others were talking about it. 

When Mr. Moody again brought up the question 
of our going into the work together, I was still unde- 
cided. After a delay of over six months, and much 
urging on Mr. Moody's part. I consented to spend a 
week with him ; and before that week was over, I had 
sent my resignation to Mr. Hugh McCullough. at that 
time Secretary of the Treasury. 

We thus commenced work together in Chicago in 
the early part of 1871, visiting poor and needy ones 
of Mr. Moody's little flock, singing and praying with 
the sick, speaking and singing at the daily noon prayer 
meetings, and doing other similar work, until the fall, 
when Mr. Moody's church was destroyed in (he great 
Chicago fire. — /ra Sankey, in S. S. Times. 

Was this daring deed done for fame and honor? 
No. Nothing but simple obedience to the promptings 
of love and duty could have called forth the noble act. 
Is there a soul about you. Christian worker, Qnveloped 
in the flames of vice and sin, and you tarry to sound 
the signal of warning? Will you stand and see a soul 
perishing, even though it may cost you a little life- 



One is reminded almost daily of the great good- 
ness there is in little things. How many great and 
grand sermons are preached from the simple life of 
a righteous man or woman. It is not always the full 
of-life, highly educated, to-the-front individuals only 
whose lives count. To those who are constantly seek- 
ing fame and honor, the little deeds and little kind- 
nesses are unnoticeablc. Too many will shun what 
they know to be their duty to their brother and neigh- 
bor, when they see destruction staring them in the 
face, knowing that it is either life or death. Self keeps 
many a well-meaning person from saving the perish- 
ing ones. 

Just one act in the life of a quiet, unassuming old 
lady, in one of our eastern cities, worthies her name 
being recorded in history. She lived on the first floor 
of a five-story tenement. The building was on fire; 
the hallways were thick with smoke. On noticing the 
smoke, the old lady, almost eighty years of age, called 
from her window to a small boy, who was passing by, 
to hasten to the janitor and tell him to turn in the fire 
alarm. The little fellow, in a frightened manner, ran 
to meet the janitor, as fast as his little limbs would 
carry him. Believing the tenants not to be aware of 
the great danger, the tottering, venerable old lady 
proceeded to ascend the four flights of stairs, passing 
along every corridor, tapping on each door, begging 
the inmates to rush to the fire escape or to the stairs 
and flee the danger. This alarm was the means of 
permitting all but one to escape. 

But there was one to whom all these people owed 
their lives, and where was she? Brave men searched 
for her, and on the floor of the fifth story her white 
face could be seen from the window as she was 
crouched upon the floor, almost overcome with smoke 
and exertion, hoping to recover sufficient strength to 
descend. But it was too late; the flames had pene- 
trated the walls throughout the building and were 
fast approaching the upper story. By the arms of 
strong men. she was snatched from death and brought 
to the ground in safety. On recovering her senses she 
could not understand why so much excitement and 
fuss was made o«er her. The people came to her and 
most graciously expressed their thanks for saving their 
lives. " Why.," she said, " I have only done my duty. 
I saw the approaching calamity, and knew you would 
all be consumed in the flames." 

It is very inconvenient fur some people these days 
to be poor, especially when so much display is in de- 
mand by society, a thing which brings an untold 
amount of distress to thousands. It is no disgrace to 
be poor, but it certainly is not honorable to men, much 
less in the sight of Almighty God, to abuse one's priv- 
ileges. There is nothing to he gained, but almost 
always a disgraced character, as in the case of a young 
matt, who, not long since, desired to visit his parents 
in Chicago, accompanied with his new bride. The 
titling man had perhaps gone west to seek a fortune 
ami now wanted to return. The trip was discussed, 
the pleasures anticipated, but the money was lacking. 
Determined to make the trip from Denver, he pur- 
chased a large trunk, nailed pieces across on the in- 
side to which lo cling when the trunk was being 
moved, and bored a hole in one end of the trunk, as 
a means to supply air. Some few eatables and a can 
of witter were then placed in, alter which the husband 
crawled in. The trunk was then locked and roped 
by the wife, who placed the key in her pocketbook, 
and started on their way. 

On Hearing the city of Omaha, while the baggage 
master was checking over (be baggage in his charge, 
he spied something movable through the hole of this 
trunk. Upon investigation he suspected it to be a 
man and asked liini if he did not want a drink of 
water. There was no way out of it; the man was 
caught. What should he do. First be begged of the 
baggage man not lo expose him, bill to release him, 
and be would frankly explain his peculiar method of 
travel, which he did. 

1 1 was almost impossible for the man lo walk after 
being penned up in such a small cell for so long a time. 
Had he been permitted to reach his destination he 
would likely have perished for the want of food. 
There is pleasure in first-class traveling, but the way 
f the transgressor is hard. 


We organized Sept. 13, 1905, for a period of six 
months, with a membership "f six. Time of meeting, 
semi-monthly, on Wednesday. We have had two busi- 
ness meetings and one whole day for work, making 
seven sessions, with an average attendance of twelve. 
We have gained three new members, making at pres- 
ent a membership of nine. At all these meetings we 
have bail the cooperation of many of our friends and 
neighbors, ami with their help we have made 20 gar- 
ments, .1 comforters and 1 quilt, besides doing much 
other work. Our receipts, including goods donated, 
amount In $10.25. Towards the church building we 
donated $8. Mary Neher, Sec. 

McCnnc, Kans. 


We sometimes meet with men who seem to think- 
that any indulgence i" an affectionate feeling is weak- 
ness. They return from a journey, greet their fami- 
lies with a distant dignity, and move among their chil- 
dren with the rold and lofty splendor of an iceberg 
surrounded by its broken fragments. 

There is hardly a more unnatural sight than one of 
those families without a heart. A father had better 
extinguish a hoy's eyes than take away his heart. 
Who that has experienced the joys of friendship, and 
values sympathy and affection, would not rather lose 
all that is beautiful in Nature's scenery than be robbed 
of the hidden treasure of his heart? Cherish, then, 
your heart's best affection. Indulge in the warm and 
gushing emotions of filial and fraternal love.- " 







Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee 



, H Moore ■ ■ Office Editor. 
D. L Milleb, Illinois, 1 '■ MahaH/ Associate Editor. 

H. B. Bluu.AUd., Pa.. 1 Editors. »" Al«°<». Business Manajer. 
H. C Easlv, Virginia, ) ' ' ... ., 

M „„d Fr «„tra'«rs°r^"p. H__^tn. r . 

MP-AU business and communications intended (or the pap., Should be 
addleTeo !o "nuB^re. PubUsnln, H.U.e E.g.*. ..... »d no, to an, 

Individual connected with it. ^^^______ 

Entered at tbe Post Office at Elsln, lll^S econd-class Matter. 

Bro. D. W. HosTetler, of Indiana, has changed his 
address from Bunker Hill to.Peru. 

During the revival, held in the Yellow River 
church, Ind., ten w ere added to the fold. 

At Lakeview, Mich., twelve were recently added to 
the church, nearly all of them being young people. 

All told there were twelve additions to the church 
during the revival services in the Pleasant Hill church, 

At Buffalo, Pa., there were eight applicants for 
membership as the result of an earnest protracted 

Some of the Brethren ministers have not yet ordered 
the Sunday School Commentary for 1906 to which 
they are entitled for twenty cents. 

A refreshing and encouraging revival was held 
in the Monticello church, Ind., and five came out from 
the world and were added to the church. 

It has been arranged for Bro. J. G. Royer to take 
charge of the services at Sterling, this State, for sev- 
eral months, commencing the second Sunday in March. 

Bro. B. E. Kesler, of Leachville, Ark., spent sev- 
eral weeks in December visiting churches in Missouri, 
Kansas and Oklahoma. He is saying something in the 
Messenger about hi s trip. 

A four weeks' meeting was held in the Victor 
church, Osborne Co., Kans., and nine were added to 
the church. The members, composing the congrega- 
tion, seem to be very much encouraged. 

Bro. L. H. Eby conducted a very successful revival 
in the Roann church, Ind. There were twenty ac- 
cessions by confession and baptism, with another ap- 
plicant awaiting the introductory rite. One was re- 
stored to fellowship. 

Turn to your Brethren Almanac for 1906, page 29, 
last column, third line from the top. and insert the 
name " H. D. Davy " before the word " moderator." 
The mistake was made here in the House when the 
article in question was placed in type. 

Last week Bro. I. J. Rosenberger and wife, of Cov- 
ington, Ohio, passed through Chicago, to Denver, 
Colo., expecting to spend several weeks in the west. 
Sister Rosenberger's health is not good and it is 
thought that a short sojourn in Colorado may prove 
helpful to her. 

Our people are opening up missions in a number of 
cities. A few years ago we could easily number all of 
our missions on our fingers, but now we cannot even 
name all of them. In the future there are to be more, 
and there may come a time when churches will he 
found in everv town and city in the Union. 

Under the heading of the department. Fallen 
Asleep, is a notice stating that we do not publish 
obituaries for children under five years of age. This 
has been the rule for years. Those who have been 
sending death notices of very young children will by 
this understand why they have not been published. 

In the Brethren Almanac for 1906 Bro. Jacob W.t- 
more's address is given as Long Beach, Cal., instead 
of McPherson, Kans. While he and Ins wife are 
spending the winter at Long Beach, their purpose is 
to return to McPherson in the spring, hence the per- 
manent address is the latter place. 

Now and then we have the pleasure of worshiping 
with the members in Chicago. We were with them 
the last day of 1905, and had the privilege of address- 
ing a full house, most of those present being members. 
In the audience were six preachers of good ability. 
Then there were several ministers out of the city and 
another held services in the south side house. It w.l 
thus be seen that Chicago is becoming well supplied 
with preachers, and before many years we should 
hear of about eight or ten services each Lord s Day 
instead of two or three. 

After reading the Messenger the members at El- 
lison, N. Dak., send their papers, neatly folded, to the 
state penitentiary, Bismarck, N. Dak. Bro. A. J. 
Blough, who looks after the gathering and sending 
the papers, received a very nice letter from the warden, 
informing him that good reading matter was thor- 
oughly appreciated by the inmates. He also thanked 
Bro Blough for the copies of the Messenger that he 
had been forwarding. The members bring their pa- 
pers to church, there they are collected, neatly ar- 
ranged and sent on their further mission of usefulness. 
This is one way of preaching the Gospel to those who 

are in prison. 

The Mayville Class Abroad, Bro. E. M. Cobb, 
is a 288-page book, bound in cloth, finely illustrated, 
neatly printed "on good paper, and published by the 
author The book is made up of seventy letters, 
representing a geography class visiting Europe and 
parts of Asia and Africa, particularly the Bible lands. 
One of the class is represented as writing the letters 
on behalf of the party, and these letters tell the very 
interesting story of the trip from start to finish. The 
story is well told and makes both instructive and de- 
lightful reading. The style of writing betrays the 
author completely, but it is good, entertaining and at 
times spicy. An advertisement of the work will be 
found on another page of this issue. Price. $1. May 
be ordered from the Publishing House. 

Once upon a time we conducted services in an 
audience room where the clock on the wall had 
stopped. The room was full of people. They sang, 
they prayed, they listened to the reading of the Scrip- 
tures and the preaching. We saw no sleeping, for it 
was a wide-awake congregation, but there stood that 
clock all through the services and did not even tick. 
We thought, " Just like some Christians. In the 
midst of enthusiasm and devotion, but not life enough 
to point in the right direction." We have met mem- 
bers who are of no more spiritual value to the church 
than that clock. Once every twelve hours they may, 
from the force of fixed habit, point right, but the rest 
of the time they are certain to point wrong. Such 
people need a good winding up and a resetting. When- 
ever we see men and women sleeping in church we 
cannot help thinking of the sleeping clock on the wall. 

We have published several announcements of special 
Bible terms to be held this month, and a few of them 
will be found in this issue. A card addressed to the 
president of any of our schools will bring the needed 
information concerning the Bible work to be done. 
We would urge our ministers and others to avail 
themselves of the excellent opportunity offered to se- 
cure>some very much needed help in the study of the 
Scriptures. Every minister in the Brotherhood ought 
to have some of this help, especially do the younger 
ministers need it, not because they may be less skillful 
in the handling of the Word than some of the older 
ones, but because of the great work awaiting them. 
Then it would be a splendid thing if the churches could 
aid their ministers in their expenses attending a spe- 
cial Bible term. Since most of our ministers are 
preaching a free Gospel it would be no more than fair 
that the members help them in their further prepara- 
tion for the work entrusted to them. 

It is said that the saloon-keeper is the only man 
who hides his advertised business behind a screen. 
Then up the street, a short distance, may be found a 
half dozen church members who secretly vote for the 
business and the screens to continue. We see little 
difference, morally speaking, between the man behind 
the screens and the half dozen up the fashionable 
street, unless it be that the latter are hypocrites white 
the other is not 

A number of our correspondents report " no ac- 
cessions " during the revival meetings held in their 
congregations. This may seem discouraging, but it 
should not always be so considered. It is good to work 
for the saving of souls, but that need not necessarily 
be the primary purpose of a protracted meeting. 
Sometimes the members need a spiritual revival. Now 
and then a whole church needs to be thoroughly in- 
doctrinated. Then along various lines the members 
may need instruction as well as some encouragement. 
Hence a revival may be of great value though no one 
be added to the church. 

The members of the early church took pleasure in 
helping one another. If a brother was a baker, and 
they had to purchase their bread, they patronized him. 
They preferred to have their clothing made by tailors 
who belonged to the church, and their houses built 
by mechanics who were Christians. So far as it be- 
came necessary for them to employ hired labor of 
any class they preferred the converted. This was 
proper. It was wise and in keeping with the teach- 
ings of both Christ and the apostles. The same cus- 
tom ought to still prevail. Christians ought to patron- 
ize one another, and in this way encourage each oth- 
er. If the village blacksmith, who is a member, does 
good work, why should not the members patronize 
him ? If the farmer needs a hired man, why not hire 
a member, if one can be had? In fact, let members 
prefer one another in every way possible, and thus 
help the common cause that they together represent. 

The very encouraging number of young people com- 
ing to the church should be credited largely to the 
Sunday-school work among us. For some years we 
have been reaping the fruits of the Sunday schools, 
and in the years to come we are to see still greater 
results. In the Brotherhood we have not far from 
one thousand Sunday schools using the Brethren liter- 
ature and being controlled by members. More than 
five thousand members are engaged in teaching, and 
some of these teachers are training their pupils for 
Christ and his kingdom. They get the hearts of the 
young people ready for the preached Word, then 
when a revival is held they are in a condition to be 
influenced aright and come to the church. We look 
upon the minister as the means, in the hands, of God, 
of leading scores to Christ. In a measure this may- 
be correct, but behind it all there are a number of 
earnest Sunday-school teachers who, by their persist- 
ent and prayerful efforts, have made the success of 
the minister possible. 

Not long since we attended a meeting where the 
services were opened in a very reverent way. The 
singing was spiritual and the reading of the chapter 
was with the utmost care. The minister read the part 
of the Scripture selected as though he meant for each 
one present to understand every word in the chapter. 
The call to prayer was in perfect keeping with the 
occasion and the prayer itself was deliberate and im- 
pressive. He did not commence praying as soon as 
his knees reached the floor, nor did he rattle off his 
prayer in the thoughtless manner so often and pain- 
fullv experienced in religious meetings. After kneel- 
ing he gave the congregation a few seconds to be- 
come perfectly composed, and then slowly, but rever- 
ently commenced talking to the .great Father. In the 
room there was a stillness and a feeling of reverence 
that favorably impressed every one present. This 
deliberate and spiritual manner of opening the services 
not only helped the speaker to deliver his message, 
but prepared the congregation to receive it. Would 
it not be well for our people to encourage more rev- 
erence and more spirituality in all of our meetings? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 

Jjp Our Young People is just the paper for Sunday 
schools all over the land. It is a neatly printed and 
well illustrated weekly, suited to the needs of the 
young people. When ordered in clubs of five or more 
copies, all to one address, the paper will be sent six 
months for ten cents a copy. That is, for fifty cents 
you can have five copies sent six months, or for one 
dollar you can have ten copies for the same length of 
time. We make this very low rate in order to widely 
introduce the paper into the Sunday schools every- 
where. Let the House have your order at once. 


On New Year's we received the largest morning 
mail known in the history of the brethren Publishing 
House; there were over five hundred letters. The 
previous Monday morning we received almost as many. 
But this was for one delivery only, and during the 
day except holidays, there are always a number of 
other deliveries. All of these letters, save a few that 
may be addressed to individuals connected with the 
business, are opened by the Business Manager, and 
assorted Before him are wire trays for the Mes- 
senger, Inglenook, Sunday school, Mission Room and 
Bookkeeping departments. Into the trays goes the 
matter belonging to the different departments, there 
frequently being matter for several departments in 
one envelope. But if some one should write some- 
thin- about business, then follow with something in- 
tended for the editorial department of the Messenger, 
the Manager may write " Messenger " across the up- 
per left-hand corner, and throw it in the bookkeeping 
basket This means that when the clerks in the book- 
keeping department get through with the business 
part of the letter they must send it to the Mes- 
senger editorial department up on the third floor. 
Should there be a rush of business, it may require 
two or three days for this particular letter to make 
the rounds of the departments and reach the editorial 
desk In the meantime the Messenger may have 
gone to press and the special matter in the letter has 
to wait another week before it can be published. ■ Had 
the writer placed the different items"on separate sheets 
with his name and address to each, the Manager would 
have thrown one sheet into the bookkeeping basket 
and the other into the Messenger basket, and inside 
of a few minutes, or a few hours at most, the matter 
intended for the Messenger would have been on the 
editorial desk, and, if needful, would have found an 
early appearance in the paper. When you write the 
House keep all of this in mind, and you can greatly 
aid us bv placing the matter for the different depart- 
ments on separate sheets, though they may all be sent 
in the same envelope, addressed to the Brethren Pub- 
lishing House, and not to some individual connected 
with the business. Then do not forget to give your 
name and address with each sheet. 

goods, and therefore make more money. With them 
it is simply a money-making proposition, and they are 
doing their utmost to educate the masses to depend 
upon them for styles, and for what should be worn. 

It makes no difference how serviceable or how con- 
venient an article of attire may be for this year, it 
must be discarded in order that the style of next year 
may come into general use. The policy is a change, 
not for the good of the wearer, but for the benefit of 
the large and wealthy manufacturer. In other words, 
he makes slaves of the masses. He tells the men and 
women how they should dress in 1906, makes up the 
clothing for them, months in advance, places it on 
the market, and they purchase it. 

We claim to be an intelligent, educated and free 
people, and yet we permit a few rich men to make 
slaves of us. This applies to Christians as well as to 
others. They may preach and write against trusts, 
monopolies and things of that sort, yet when it comes 
to purchasing clothing they do as the great money 
schemers direct, and that, too, without much com- 

Were a church to make of her members the de- 
mands that the fashion directors are making, the whole 
world would rebel. There is not a church in the 
world that would dare enforce such rigid regulations. 
Where is the church that could induce her members 
to change their style of dressing each year? Such 
a church does not exist. It could not outlive the op- 
position of a half generation. And yet, without a 
church, or any formal organization for the purpose, 
men skilled in the arts of business, are inducing peo- 
ple, by the millions, to fall in with the idea of chang- 
ing tlieir manner of dressing sometimes oftencr than 
on*ce each year. If the angel Gabriel, himself, were 
to undertake a scheme of this sort, both the world, 
and probably one-half of Christendom, would oppose 
him Viewed in this light, men and women are mys- 
terious creatures, if they were made just a little 
lower than the angels. 



Has it ever occurred to the Messenger readers 
that some of the great clothing houses of America and 
Europe emplov skillful men and women, at good sal- 
aries, whose sole business it is to study out and ar- 
range for new styles of garments each year? Such, 
however, is the case, and in their work these high- 
salaried fashion makers are aided by men and women, 
who have no regard whatever for the Bible It was 
understood, months ago, that the styles for lJto 
should be entirely discarded, and that the clothing for 
the year following must be made after a pattern en- 
tirely different. This is the way the thing has been 
going on for years, and it is to continue as long as 
the people of this country and other lands are foolish 
enough to pay for such methods. Already the styles 
for 1907 are practically provided for. 

Why all of this changing every year? It is done, 
not to' benefit the masses, but to help some large firms 
to make money. The managers of these firms know 
that when they can get people in the habit of falling 
in with the new styles each year they can sell more 

After closing one volume of the Messenger we 
do not have time to lay the pen down, for a brief rest, 
until we commence work on another. And now here 
we are with what has never before been seen in the 
world, No. 1 of the Messenger for 1906. 

It is, however, one thing to begin a work of this 
kind, but quite another to complete it. It is a task 
that requires the entire year to finish, and when one 
commences he never knows whether he is going to 
be permitted to write the closing lines of the volume. 
Many things may happen, but we think more se- 
riously about the fulfillment of the prophecy regard- 
ing the second coming of Christ. He has promised to 
return to the earth, on the clouds of heaven, accom- 
panied by a great throng of angels. 

What if he should come before the close of 1906 
We should certainly rejoice. All the saints wot, d 
shout for joy. Some who have never shouted would 
feel like shouting then, and well they might. But what 
about the Messenger should the Master come? 
Would we close the office, lock the doors and go out 
to meet him? We would certainly await his orders. 

But nothing would please us better than to be edit- 
ing the Messenger when Christ comes. Of course 
all of our readers would know about his coming long 
before we could print the news and get it to them. 
We read that when Jesus comes every eye shall be- 
hold him. Not only so, but the news would be flashed 
all over the civilized world inside of a few hours. ^ 

Still it would be delightful to give in the Messenger 
all the news we could gather concerning the second 
advent, and what was taking place in all parts of the 
earth We are sure all the saints would enjoy reading 
news' of that kind far better than anything thai we 
have yet published. 

Then if the Lord would so direct we would like 
to keep right on publishing the Messenger during 
the Millennium. It would be a long period, one thou- 
sand vears, but there will be no Satan loose during 
that time, and we would have only good news to 

Well, we shall do our utmost to conduct the paper 
so as to please the Lord should he happen to make his 
second appearance during the year. Of course we 
shall endeavor to please the Brethren, too, but we 
think that if the Lord is pleased they will be pleased 

With these reflections we enter upon the labors of 
another year, hoping to make the paper helpful to all 
of our patrons, and an honor to the cause it repre- 
sents. In policy the paper docs not change, save in the 
sense of coming closer and closer to the Gospel as we 
get more light. 

We have always regarded the New Testament as 
our rule of faith and practice. By this rule we aim to 
steer the Messenger, and when mistakes are made 
they may be regarded as wholly unintentional. 

We know that there arc many lines of thought that 
should command our attention during the year. We 
hope to be able to give each one the attention and con- 
sideration necessary, hut to us it seems that there 
is nothing more important than securing a better 
understanding of the Bible and living more fully in 
keeping with die gospel requirements. 

This was the purpose of the holy members who 
were first in the reformatory movement with which 
we are now happily and fortunately identified. And 
if we should more than ordinarily emphasize this 
phase of religious attainment during the next twelve 
months, we arc sure that we are doing the very thing 
that the apostles themselves would do could they he 
permitted to return to the earth and preach as they 
proclaimed the truth while they were yet in the flesh. 

We believe they would endeavor to unite all the 
believers in the world on the teachings sei forth in 
the New Testament, and what better thing could we 
do? The whole Gospel, and not a part of it only, 
should be held up before the world. To do ibis and 
do it well we must lie certain that we understand the 
Scriptures ourselves. 

Therefore it behooves us again to study God s Word 
with renewed energy, under the special guidance 1 
the Spirit The Sunday-school lessons for the entire 
year have been selected from the New Testament. 
There will be enough of these lessons, and the sub- 
jects will he sufficiently varied, 1" enable us to study 
„ ear ly the whole of the Gospel. Will, the advantages 
thus afforded we ought to gel more out of the next 
fifty-two weeks than we have ever learned during any 
previous year. 

We are making no special promises for the year. 
We have tried to start the volume right, and we pray 
Go d to help us to so direct the work that 1906 will 
prove a glorious year for the Brethren church. • 

Our people, as a rule, know just where to find us 
on the doctrines and principles of the church We 
believe in God, the Son and Holy Ghost We look 
upon the Bible as containing the Word of God, and 
accept the New Testament as our only rule of faith 
and practice. 

We believe in the Brethren church, we have con- 
fidence in the members, and feel sure that (here is a 
great future for the church. It is in the interest of 
the church and her gospel claims that the paper is 
conducted. We are to stand by these claims ,n the 
future as we have stood by them in the past. 

We invite all of our readers to remain with us. 
The paper has done them good in the past and we are 
sure that, guided bv the I Inly Spirit, it will accom- 
plish as much, if not more, in the future, 


,This ar.icie Should have appeared las. week, but it did 
noi reach "s in time— J. H. M-l 

The other day a man drove up to my woodshed 
,,,a R e load of wood. He said :" This belongs 
you- where shall I unload it?" He was right I 
;::,.„„, the load of wood, and he was fulfilling 
„ Set by bringing it as he did. tol Inm 
where to put it, and stick by stick he m total to 
wood. When almost done. I asked him. Is that 
a,P" "One more stick and this is the last one. 

And so it was. The wood was given to me for my 
us- and Pleasure. I could have it sawed into billets, 


THE COSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 

cut into kindling or leave it lie out and rot. It made 
no difference to the man who brought u what d,s- 
rositionImadeo£it,b U tit W ouldmakead,fferenc 
to myself. And so it does, as to everything when 
we r«e,ve in life. There is a reflective loss or value 
cles to us in every ease. And we are made to feel 
it if not sooner, when the last stick comes. 

'somehow " the last stick " made an impression that 
wc could not shake off. The thought comes to us so 
often in our daily experiences. »*.**.»***£* 
stick of wood that touches our hfe expenenees but 
the'many things that enme to us every day. The as 
up of meal, -the las, loaf of bread, the last shovel o 
coal .he last dollar in the purse, the last day of the 
week the last hour of the day-all of may be 
resolved into last opportunities, showing a frontage 
of want, misery and despair. 

Not long ago the good Lord came to us with a full 
wagonload of days. With this full load he came to 
all of our doors. Each day was full of golden oppor- 
tunities He commences to unload-one at a time. 
It is given to each one of us-for our use, our ad- 
vantage, our profit, for our enjoyment and future 
good By this time the load is well off, and very soon 
ft will be said of the unloading: "Only one day 

What do vou think of it? What have we made of 
this load of days? Of late we have thought much 
about the days of the year that will so soon come to 
a close And the question has been, Have we given 
them even as much thought as we have given to our 
load of wood? Each stick has been utilized by making 
it into wood for the stove, the fireplace or a backlog 
for the library chimney corner. The idea of waste 
is painful to us, because we have learned to be so 
economical in all these things. And so it is largely 
with all the things that touch our lives. We have 
learned that they will mean something to us. And 
unless we get that meaning out of them we sustain a 
loss, And it is true, because, no matter how small 
they may be, they are intended as helps to us, as means 
of grace which we cannot afford to lose. 

But how about this load of days as they have been 
unloading to us since the beginning of 1905? They 
have not been crowded upon us by shovelfuls or bun- 
dles, only one at a time, that we might the better 
handle and use them. And they have been coming and 
going, coming and going, until just see where we are. 
Almost at the bottom. Once, twice— going— and old 
bather Time cries out, " Only one more day." 

And what have all these days meant to us? No 
matter how we may have looked upon these days as 
they came and passed, every one of them was a day 
of grace to us. In them were great possibilities for 
us as individuals. All that we can hope for in the 
future and in heaven will be measured to us as we 
have measured the opportunities of these days. 

Each day, as it comes and goes, ought to show a 
credit mark in our favor in the book of life. There 
is an account being kept, the register of life. It has a 
debit and a credit side, and each day, by our actions, 
a register is made on one side or the other, against 
us or for us. We are to say which it shall be. Do 
we think of it as we should? Are we as much con- 
cerned as to how we are spending our time as we are 
about the things that pertain to this life only ? 

The closing of another year should very seriously 
impress us as to how we have been spending our time 
and our days, because there is a time coming when 
we will again he made to face each day and the man- 
ner in which it was spent; not to live it over again, 
bul to reap that which we have sown. The sweetest 
pleasure that is possible to come to a human soul is 
that wdlich follows in the evening of a day spent ill 
the Master's service. - 

I f this is true, and we know that it is, what must be 
the character of the feelings that come to those who 
spend their time in the service of sin? It seems to me 
that we have a very vivid picture of such feelings in 
the case of the rich man wdio lived for his own selfish 
pleasure. In hell he lifted lip his eyes, being in great 
torment. He was interment because he misused the 
days as they came to him, so that when death came in 
the register was against him — on the debit side. How 

vain, how foolish, how shortsighted we are! "O 
that my people would consider ! " 

Onlv one more stick. To many, yea, to thousands, 
this one more would have been a most precious boon. 
Time to the lost soul bordering on eternity is the 
most precious thing in the world. Men and women. 
as death approached, would gladly have given all their 
possessions, though millions, for just one day more to 
live that thev might use that day to meet God in peace 
My friends/this day we have, and it ought to be just 
as'precious to us, because we need it for service. Help 
us, Lord, to use each day for thee. B. »■ »• 

church are not expected to encourage or take part in 
war They are expected to throw their whole in- 
fluence on the side of peace, and in opposition to war, 
to the learning of war, and even in opposition to con- 
duct that has the appearance of war. Let this be dis- 
tinctly understood and the ex-soldiers, who are mem- 
bers of the church, will not be called on to even march 
in the G. A. R. parade, let alone carry the gun. 


Where did |he souls of the just go before Christ died 
for the redemption of mankind? 

By soul our querist probably means the spirit, or 
immortal part of man. This is one of the deep ques- 
tions It deals with the spirit world, of which we know 
comparatively little, but that little is very precious. 
Solomon says that at death " shall the dust return to 
the earth as it was : and the spirit shall return to God 
who gave it." Eccl. 12: 7. This helps us to under- 
stand that the body and spirit separate at death, the 
spirit going to God. But what does the Lord do with 
the spirit when it returns to him? The experience of 
Lazarus, given in Luke 16, to some extent, at least, 
solves the problem. When Lazarus died the angels 
carried him, rather his spirit, to where Abraham was. 
The spirit of Abraham had been at that place over 
1 8C0 years. Lazarus being a righteous man was ad- 
mitted into the same abode. From this we are to in- 
fer that before the death of Christ the spirits of all 
the just were conveyed, by the angels, to a place of 
happiness prepared by God. We know nothing con- 
cerning the location of this abode of just spirits. It 
is somewhere in the vast and boundless universe. 
The location is known to the angels, for they carried 
Lazarus to the place. We happen to know that it 
may be seen from the abode of the wicked spirits, for 
the rich man, while in torments, could see Lazarus as 
well as Abraham. Not only so, but he could converse 
with them. At what distance people may be able to 
converse, or how far they can see in the spirit world, 
are questions that cannot be answered in this world. 
The limits for hearing and seeing in the beyond may 
exceed earthly limitations a thousand times. The 
abode of the righteous spirits may be thousands of 
miles from the place of torments, where the wicked 
are. reserved in chains of darkness. At least there is 
a great gulf between the two places. On one side of 
this impassable gulf we find the spirits of the just 
and on the other side we find the unholy spirits of the 
wicked. That is the way it was when the Master nar- 
rated the account of Lazarus and the rich man, and 
we have no reason to believe that the conditions in the 
spirit world have materially changed. 


A sister, writing from an isolated point in Vir- 
ginia, says that the members in her locality do not 
have many meetings, but recently they were visited 
by a minister and a few poorly attended services were 
held. She then added that if there had been a Christ- 
mas tree performance in place of religious exercises 
the house would have been packed regardless of the 
weather. The sister is correct. The people in all 
parts of the country, including church members, are 
teaching their children to love the things that amuse 
rather than the things that instruct and edify. At 
Christmas it is good to be happy and cheerful, and do 
all we can to make others happy, but there is such a 
thing as developing a love solely for that which 
amuses, and this is what the Christmas tree enter- 
tainments, in the name of religion, are doing from one 
end of this country to the other. If all of our own 
members were as active in their worship and church 
work as the more worldly are in their Christmas cele- 
brations, there would be few occasions for complaint 
about a lack of interest in our religious services. Let 
us be" zealous in our work, abstain from all appear- 
ances of evil, and God will grant us added influence 
for good over the lives of others. 


1, il proper for a member of the church to carry a gun 
in the grand parade of the G. A. R. al the time of en- 

Peter once drew his sword and the Master told 
him to put it up. From that day to this it has been 
the policy of the more devout and loyal Christians not 
to use the sword for either display or for active serv- 
ice in war. The same principle should apply to the 
use of the gun in carnal warfare. Most assuredly 
would it be improper for a member to carry a gun 
in the parade of the G.' A. R. To thus march is to 
follow the ways of war rather than the ways of peace. 
Then we do not see what business a member of the 
church has in the parade .anyhow. The brother in 
question may have been a faithful soldier in the army 
at one time." but it is to be presumed that he has been 
converted, that he has put on Christ, the Prince of 
Peace, in the holy act of baptism, that he has severed 
his relation with the carnal army and become a soldier 
of the cross, where war is learned no more. We have 
nothing unkind to say about the remaining veterans 
of the terrible struggle between the North and the 
South. As subjects of the earthly kingdom they did 
their duty. But those who come to the Brethren 


Were Jesus to return to this world, call all of the 
Brethren ministers together, class them off two and 
two, there would be about thirteen hundred couples. 
Then he might send them out over the country two 
and two, telling them to preach the Gospel all over 
the United States and the parts of Canada where they 
could reach the people with their language. We are 
sure that he would not send a dozen into one congre- 
gation. Were he to limit them to work in the United 
States he might so divide up the territory as to give 
each set about 61,000 people to whom to proclaim the 
Gospel. Two men could very easily preach to ten 
thousand people each Lord's Day, and thus be able to 
deal out the true Gospel to their 60,000 men, women 
and children every six weeks. With the Master di- 
recting the workers, all this and even more might be 
accomplished by the ministers whose names appear in 
our Almanac. Compare this with what we are now 
doing and the need of wise management becomes 
wonderfully apparent. The Master knew how to or- 
ganize and manage his forces, but it appears that we 
do not. Were we to spend half of the time on organ- 
ization and training for church work that we spend 
on church government, we might accomplish wonders, 
and even then find church discipline far less difficult 
than we find it under the present arrangement. 


We are requested to write an article setting forth 
the duties of missionaries in cities and elsewhere. 
This would be a difficult thing to do. We shall not 
undertake it, but this much we can say: The right 
kind of a missionary is sure to find plenty of work 
and will not fail to do as much of it as time, strength 
and circumstances will permit. Results ought to tell 
whether one is an efficient and diligent worker. The 
missionary who enters a city, and cannot make himself 
felt, may. be a good man, but he is either not a skillful 
worker "or has got into the wrong plaee. A man 
who enters the mission field, be it in the country or 
in some city, must throw his whole soul into his work 
with a view of helping the people. To enter the field 
in a half-hearted manner means defeat at- the very 
outset. And while we shall not.attempt to outline the 
duties of a missionary, we shall not object to others 
writing on the subject. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 

fieneral Missionary and Iraq Department 

D. L. Miller, 
S. F. Sanger, 


Illinois I H. C. E.ARLY, 
• Indiana | A. B. Barnhart, 
JOHN ZdCK. Iowa. 


Mart land 

A large number of our people are moving to various 
new locations in order to find homes or regain health. 
Before making the change, some think seriously of wheth- 
er they shall have church privileges or not,.and some seem 
scarcely to take that into consideration. To many per- 
sons getting on in the world or regaining health is of so 
much importance that often weighty matters are at the 
time not ta'ken into consideration, and they rush off to 
the places which promise to supply them with those 
things on which their affections arc set. Sometimes the 
move proves to be a good one, and sometimes it does 

But it is not so much our purpose to look at the mov- 
ing from the health or financial standpoint as from the 
church standpoint. Frequently persons find it easy to 
justify themselves in locating where they will be deprived 
of the privilege of attending their own church services. 
And such are frequently lost to the church and to all 
Christian work. Their example is to be avoided. It 
might have been different if they had been more thorough- 
ly converted, for then they would have learned how much 
spiritual strength is to be gained from association with 
those of like faith, and from communion with God in 
the house of worship. When it is too late, some of them 
see their mistake and deeply regret that they ever cut 
themselves off from church associations. 

Other members, for various reasons, feel that a change 
of location should be made; but they do not propose to 
make it blindly. With them spiritual interests arc of first 
importance. They would rather have the privilege of 
meeting in God's house than to fill their barns and gran- 
aries and swell their bank accounts. And the first ques- 
tion they ask is whether there will be church services in 
the new place; and if the prospects do not seem to be 
good, they look elsewhere. Of course mistakes are made 
occasionally, and the place which promised all they de- 
sired disappointed them. That is a misfortune for which 
they are not to blame. But a short time ago I had the 
pleasure of visiting a family who feared they had made 
a mistake of this kind. They said that if there were to 
be no services they would have to move on, for they were 
not willing to be deprived of meeting to worship with 
their own people. That is the right kind of a feeling, 
provided those who find themselves so situated do not 
too soon lose hope, but do all they can to bring about 
the condition they desire. When a good place is found 
it is well to hang on and seek to draw others there. This 
kind of persistency has brought new congregations into 
existence, and will do so in the future. 

This condition might be avoided if members would plan 
more together before moving, ft ought not to be very 
difficult for several— and among them some ministers and 
deacons-to agree upon some place as a home. Then 
they could move in and begin work. We ought to have 
the means of placing in communication those who pur- 
pose making a change. If there were system to our mov- 
ing there would be fewer isolated members lamenting 
their condition or drifting away from the church. We 
ought to be organized, so as to locate enough members 
together in new places to begin the work and take pos- 
session of the land, giving the people the whole counsel 
of God. Perhaps the time is drawing near when an in- 
telligent effort will be made in this direction. It cannot 
be made too soon for the good of the cause. c. M. 

<s> «> «> 

for preachers to work. The congregation referred to 
covered a territory. I think, of about live hundred square 
miles. There were hut two points in this entire territory 
at which preaching appointments were regularly main- 
tained, and at these the meetings were held far enough 
apart m give the people plenty of time to get their breath 
between tunes. 1 especially remember one day while 1 
was there. It was a Lord's Day. bright, beautiful and 
pleasant, and the roads were in line condition, and in all 
that live hundred square miles of territory, pretty thickly 
inhabited for a Western Slate, there was not one preach- 
ing service conducted by the Brethren that (lay. Ami 
what is especially significant in this connection is the 
fact that there wen five Brethren ministers in the con- 
gregation. No; let me change that. There were live of 
us whose names appeared in the Ministerial List in cur- 
rent issue of the Brethren Almanac. And yd more Iwo 
of them were members of the mission board of their 
district. And yet more: perhaps not more than on.' per 
cent of the population of that live hundred square miles 
were members of the Brethren church. To most of the 
remaining ninety-nine per cent the " Go ye " of the com- 
mission had not been fulfilled. Yet live of us, ever, our 
of whom should have been a missionary leader of a mis- 
sionary people, gladly carrying the Gospel everywhere to 
the unsaved, spent that whole good Lord's Day in mis- 
sionary idleness, sitting by our firesides, lounging in the 
sunshine or perchance idly gossiping with our neighbors. 
More than once have I felt hampered in the Lord s work 
when iu territory for which others were officially respon- 
sible, but asleep to their duty and opportunity, and that 
one lost Lord's Day I shall long- remember. 

I wonder how many other places there are in the 
Brotherhood where somewhat similar eases of idleness 
and neglect might not be told. 1 wonder how many 
preachers we have who arc choosing idleness ,n the Lord 
Some of you are old and worn out by service. Some ot 
yon honestly feel tlrat you do. not have the talent to suc- 
cessfully labor in your field. But what will the Lord say 
of those who can but do'n't? What of those elders who 
allow their respective fields to go iiuworked because they 
don't care? How many of you could tell a lac on our 
preachers something like the above? Perhaps better no 
tell it I shouldn't ha V e told this ,f I hadnt hoped ,t 
would help somebody else tq sec himself and Ins own 

James M. Nc.t. 
opportunity. *>«>«> 

iug eight in all who decided to cast their lot with the 
people of God. Many others were almost persuaded, but 
said by their actions, Not now. "Now is the accepted 
lime, to-day is the day of salvation." There is no prom- 
ise for to-morrow. Chas. M. Ycarout. 
Christiansburg, Va., Dec. 25. 

To have it truly said of them that they are a missionary 
people.-what a fine thing for any church! How glad I 
shall be to see the day (if I ever see it) when the Brethren 
church shall do more for foreign missions than the Mo- 
ravians are doing to-day! The more really and truly we 
become the Lord's own people, the more really and truly 
will we become a missionary people. But to be that we 
must be alive to the Lord's work at home as well as 
abroad I am very glad for the unmistakable signs of 
improvement along all lines of missionary endeavor 
among us in recent years, but I have seen some things 
within the last few years that are evidence to me that 
there is yet much room for improvement. 

I was sojourning for a few months within the bounds 
of a congregation in one of the States west of the Mis- 
sissippi river, and there is not a State in all th.s western 
country of course, where there is not plenty of room 



I went to Franklin county the forepart of November, 
and commenced a meeting at Blackwater chapel the even- 
ing of the fourth, and continued till the evening of the 
twelfth with increasing congregations and much intcres 
manifested. Nov. 13 I went to Bethel, in the sou .par, 
of Franklin, county and preached each evening till Nv 
19 This being in a Primitive'Baptlst neighborhood, 11. 
congregations were small, but 'the interest seemed good. 
I went to Spray, N. C, Nov. 20, where we continued 
meetings in the Presbyterian church till Dec 1 I he eon- 
"rcg lions" were small a. .lie beginning of the meeting, 
b, increased till the house would not hold the people 
that came. I preached a sermon on "What ,s Christian 
Baptism?" and the people seemed much interested and 
many came to me after the sermon and said I thank 
for .ha. good gospel sermon." I believe Spray and 
eaksville a good mission field for the Brethren to work. 
The two Places have abou, twelve or fourteen thousand 
inhabitants, and mos, of .he people belong to U»M«u« 
class The cotton and woolen mills afford work at fair 
wages to a large number of .people. There are seven or 
2ht, of our members living in Spray, and hey arc mak- 
ing in effort to build a churchhouse, and ,f they can rc- 
fve a little help from some source I believe they can 
realize their desires in this direction but then •pressing 
need is a minister to take charge of the work and preach 
f, r .hem. Here is a good place for some minister w, I, 
large family; if girls, so much the better; they CM . .11 
have steady work in the mills will, good wages after they 
have learned to weave, elc. Who. will go and work th S 
"/for the Master? Any one desiring to , ,«««£ 
Wirt, a view of locating will please correspond with Bro. 
J R Peine, R. F. D. No. 2, I.eaksville, N C Hie mem- 
bers wdl do what they can in assisting a faithful minister 
tuward his support. . _ 

Dec 8 I went to Bethel in the northwest corner of Bote- 
lour, county, and commenced, meetings on Sunday at 
eleven o'clock and conlinued each evening until Dee. 21 
The settlement is rather sparse in this neighborhood and 

ful wife to attend all the services except one. The, ^ did 
,„„ch towards the interest of the meeting by ^th r pre, 

Ihl church al^ackwater'chape. and one a, Bethel, mak- 


At pre (ill we have very cold nights and very hot (lays 
- good fever weather. Most oi the missionaries, how- 
ever, arc in fair health al lliis time as far as 1 know. 

The heavy dews a, night will make some winter crops 
-cotton, winter iawari. winter tul, mug, luare, etc. The 
mop oon crop was a complete failure. Wherever the win- 
ter cop was planted a linl>' late it had no' sufficient 
moisture to come up, hence was a failure. 

There will he no famine in these pari:., yet there will 
be hard times for the poor people. 

Si-,cr Quinter and Sister Sadie Miller visited I'un.lili 
Ramabni's work this week tin their return they met 
Rrothcr Miller's when the, landed al Bombay, and ac- 
companied them to Bulsar. 

In conversation will, a native lawyer last week he said 
he believed that ever, one would have to answer in a 
future life (or all lie did ill this We, whether good Or 

bad, lie said he could hardly accept transmigration, hut 
still believed we would be born into a higher Or a lower 
.pi, ere and there have to suffer for every misdeed or be 

rewarded for every good deed, lie said lie believed thai 

if we could live good enough we would be losl in God. 

lie said he believed all men were a part of God and 

their final end would he absorption into God. We tried 

to hold up the necessity of a media, or, one In bear our 
ins and make us acceptable In God. We tried to show 

thai man was „"t divine, bill bill, the highest of God's 
emitted beings, capable of jo, eternal with God or of ban- 
ishment forever from his presence. 

The bitterest opposition is raised al the thought of a 
mediator, the though, of pardon. Jesus is rejected I), 

,l,e learned with reason and argument, As when Clltisl 
was here, so HOW, the humble hear hilll and the rest arc 

When one tries to hold up Christ to a learned man who 
accepts u" li, hie who has his theories and is ready to 
su lain ihem by argument, one feels the need of divine 
help, as one cannot (eel when he has some common 
ground of authority (inn, which In reason. 

Prnv lor the work and the workers in this dark land. 

S. N. McCann. 
Anklesvar, India, Dee. 1. 


I.asl year there were 4,247 missionaries in ihe foreign 
iands sent by Hie Proleslanl churches in America. 01 
these] 1,726 were males and 2,521 females. From the 
churches of Great Britain there were 5,(,o4. of these. 
2,678 were males and 2,986 female .. From the churches 
of continental Europe there were 2,294. lit these 1,1.11 

were males and 960 females. The total number of mis- 
sionaries is 12,21)5 5,738 men and 6,467 women. Ihe to- 
1,1 receipts ..I [he missionary sociclics of America last 
year were $6,642,890; of Great Britain, $6,862,849; of con- 
tineuial Europe, $2,396,397. 


HO Hfiw tho wheat-llddn Waiting, 

Alt golden In Hie sun; 
Ami Blrong and stalwart ronpera 

Wont liy lilm ot," by one. 
"Oh, could I reap tho harvest! " 

MIh heart made blltor cry; 
■■ t can flo nothing, nothlngl 

SO weak, alaB! am 1." 

At eve a tainting traveler 

Mimk (low,, lioslde tho door: 
A cup ... crystal water 

To quench his l li lr«t ho bore. 
And when, refreshed and strengthened, 

Tho traveler wont hlB way. 
Upon tho poor man's threshold 

A golden wheal-sheaf lay. 

When come tho Lord of harvest. 

Ho cried: " Oh Master kind, 
Ono flhe-nf I have to offer, 

Bui that I did not bind: 
I gave a cup of water 

To ono nthlrst, and he 
Left at my door, In going. 

This sheaf 1 offer thee." 

Then said the Master, softly: 

"Well pleased with this am I: 
Ono of my angels left it 

With thee as he passed by. 
Thou mayeat not Join the reapers 

Upon the harvest plain. 
But he who helps a brother 

Binds sheaves of richest grain. 




Notes from Our Correspondents. We §' 

-A, cold water to • IblmtJ .Old, .0 I. good -»» 1.0° » '" «""" 

our el 
this meclin 


Austin church .net in council Dec. 16. with H. h. U " y . 
„S. New officer, were elected; Bro. Lilly reelected 
for 1906. He pave us three good sermons at 
T. L. Woodiel. Austin, Ark., Dec. 20. 

T ordsbure —We began our series of meetings Dec 10. 
with .Bro Sen . Chemberlen, Covina, Cab, in the pulpit. 
He labored until Dec. 23, and. all were fed spin u a ly 
Sunday Dec 17, three young girls were baptised in tiro 
college* fountain; the following week a young boy and 
Christmas morning a young man. both at tlie above 

SSrfrfUTSo. *■ ?■ Hana "! a, 5 ?f u f a n t E 10"A M 

times Bro. H. R. Taylor preached to us at 1U A. M. 
Christmas The Sunday school held their exercises u. the 
evening The Bible school, Sunday-school convention 
and missionary meetings held at the college last week 
were a rare treat to many Lordsburg members as well of 
the neighboring churches-Grace Hileman Miller, Lords- 
burg, Cal., Dec. 26. 

Cawley.-We are a little band of seven members located 
allhis place and arc looking for more soon We as yet 
have no place for holding meetings but will have a new 
schoolhoiise in the near future, which we can use to wor- 
ship in. Any members thinking of movin 
would do 

Weaver was chose 
oilman, R. F. 

n agent for Gospel Messenger. — Jesse 
D. 3, Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Clear Creek church met in council Dec 23 Bro. J. H. 
Christian was ordained and Bro. B. F Emley advanced 
to the second degree of the ministry. Elders David Km- 
der Aaron Moss and I. B. Wike were present; also Bro 
William Lampin, of Polo, 111., who is at present engaged 
in a series of revival services at this place.— J. H. Neff. 
Huntington, Ind., Dec. 25. ■ 

Elkhart.— Our scries of meetings, conducted by h.ld. J 
Stafford, which began Dec. 9, closed Dec. 24. 
was done. One brother was returned into fellowship^and 
one was received by baptism. — A. B. C 
Goshen, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Elkhart City church met in council meeting 
F Sanger, our elder, presided. Brethren G. S 
and J. G. Grosh were chosen superintendent: 
C. " 

eported by Bro. I. H. Crist in Gospel Messenger of Dec 
.. F , . t__.i 1 .u..» .Ko o-nnH work need not De ae 

23 may be raised and that the good work need not be de- 
hayed Should there be a surplus fund after said expense met, same will be turned in the rdission treasury 
at Kansas City.-H. L. Brammell, Ozawkie, Kans., Dec 

Salem.— Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. Bar- 
wick, of McPherson, Kans., closed Dec 21. He preached 
...,.,„„ „,*mn Two baptized and one reclaimed— t- 

Much good 
lowship and 
West Side, 

Bro. S. 


11 to come and iook over this part of the 
try Information will be cheerfully given by the un- 
dersigned or Bro. John Bare, of the same address We. 
arc ook ing forward to the time when we can orgamze 
, church here in this country, where the Brethren arc 
so little known, -J. L. Weddle, Cavvley, Alta., Canada, 
Dec 22. 

Grand Valley.— We met in special council Dec. 23. J. 
D Cnffinan, a minister, and his wife and daughter pre- 
sented letters of membership. It was decided to hold a 
series of meetings. Eld. S. Z. Sharp was chosen to do 
the preaching, will, J. E. Bryant as alternate. Bio. Wm. 
Mohler was elected Sunday-school superintendent tor 
the coming year, with J. W. Trissel assistant. Our regu- 
lar council will be held at the Fruita churchhouse Jan. 6. 
— Anna L. Bryant, Grand Junction, Colo., Dec. 28. 

Prowers church held a very interesting Sunday-school 
convention Oct. IS, with a number of topics discussed. 
Bro S T. Miller was with us and gave us very good 
instructions. We met on Thanksgiving day for serv- 
ices A number of short talks were given by Brethren 
I ichlcnwaltcr, Samuel Studehakcr, C. A. Shank and Mr. 
Horn, of the M. E. church. We took up a collection 
which amounted to $7.84, which will be sent to the world- 
wide mission.— Mary Morris, Prowers, Colo., Dec. 23. 

Prowers church met in council Dec 23, with our elder, 
C A Shank, in charge. Ten letters were granted an. I five 
received. As our elder intends leaving us soon, he re- 
signed the oversight of the church, and Eld. M. Keller 
was chosen for the coining year; J. W. Norris Messen- 
ger agent; the writer correspondent. The church pledged 
$25 a year for five years to support a missionary in the 
foreign held. We held our Christmas services Dec. 24, 
conducted by Bro. C. A. Shank and Mr. Horn of the M. 
E. church. A collection was taken which amounted to 
$2 36 which is to be sent to the mission at St. Joseph, 
Mo— Mary Norris, R. F. D. No. 1. Prowers, Colo., Dec. 
25. ' 

Weiser.— Dec 16 we held our council. Officers were 
elected for the Sunday school and the Christian Workers 
[or the first six months of 1906. and church officers for 
the year. Sister Pearl Johnson was elected correspondent 
lor the year 1906. She is also the president of the Chris- 
tian Workers. Last Sunday instead of the regular Sun- 
day-school lesson our school had a Christmas program, 
appropriate for the occasion. The work is moving along 
nicely here, some members are moving in and a few are 
moving away. — Sarah A. Stiverson, Weiser, Idaho, Dec 

Lanark church met in council Dec. 28, with Elder I. B. 
Trout presiding. Bro. Justus Cline, from Virginia, was 
with us. At this meeting one trustee, the clerk and treas- 
urer were elected, the first for three years, the remain- 
ing two, each [or one year. It was also decided to invite 
the Mount Morris Mission Band to meet with us in the 
near future. Our series of meetings will begin about the 
middle of February. Bro. I. D. Parker will be with us. 
-Maud Newcomer. Lanark, III.. Dec. 29. 

Pleasant Hill.— Our meetings closed Dec 24 with good 
interest. Bro. J. H. Neher labored with commendable 
zeal and his appeals convinced seven more precious souls 
of sin, and they were received by baptism. This made 
twelve in all. — Mary A. Brubaker, Virden, 111., Dec. 25, 

Shannon. — The council of the Shannon church was held 
Dec. 23. We decided tn make some improvements in our 
churchhouse by titling two rooms for Sunday-school 
classes; also reorganized our Sunday school [or 1906. 
liru. Milton McNutl was chosen superintendent and Sister 
Etta Fox assistant. Tile business for the year was con- 
cluded and we want to do more and better work the 
coming season. — D. Rowland. Lanark. III.. Dec. 25. 


Beaverdam congregation closed a two weeks' series of 
meetings Dec. 24. The interest was good and the mem- 
bers feel greatly built up. The preaching was done by 
our home minister, Bro. I.. J. Kline On account of his 
health [ailing him the meeting was closed sooner than it 
would otherwise have been. — E. C. Swihart. R. F. D. No. 
.'. Akron, Ind.. Dec 28 

Bethel church has just closed a series of meetings at 
the chapel house. Bro. S. J. Burger, of Lima, Ind.. came 
Dec. 10 and closed Dec. 24, preaching twenty sermons 
One was received by baptism. Our council meeting will 
be held at the chapel tile first Saturday of February. — 
Bertha M. Weybright, R. R. No. 1. Box 50, Milford, Ind., 
Dec. 26. 

Bremen church met in council Dec. 23. Four letters 
were granted. Three were received by letter. Evern 

C Kindy and Lewis Overholser presidents of the 
Christian Workers' meeting. We are looking forward to 
our revival meetings, which will begin about Feb. 1. Bro. 
J Edson Ulery is to hold the meetings. Bro. J. V. helt- 
house, one of our ministers, is in the midst o a revival 
meeting at Union Center.-S. C. Kindy, Elkhart, Ind., 
Dec. 26. 

Honey Creek church met in council Dec. 23 with Bro D. 
F Hoover presiding. One was received by letter We 
will have two series of meetings; one at the Honey Creek 
church, to be held by the home ministers in January; the 
other at Middlctown; no definite time set yet— Florida J. 
E. Green, Box 125, Middlctown, Ind., Dec 28. 

Roann.— We have just closed our series of meetings, 
which we very much enjoyed. Eld. L. H. Eby, of Ft. 
Wayne, Ind., came to us Dec 5 and commenced preach- 
ing to a very attentive audience. He delivered twenty- 
lour sermons, which resulted in twenty accessions to the 
church by baptism, one prodigal reinstated, and one ap- 
plicant. — Joe John, Roann, Ind., Dec 26. 

Santa Fe church met in council Dec. 21, Eld D. B. 
Wol( presiding Seven letters were granted, and Sunday- 
school officers elected. We held an election tor a min- 
ister, the lot falling on Bro. Sherman Kendall. Elders 
Frank Fisher, of Mexico, and D. P. Need, of Pipecrcck, 
were with us and rendered valuable service. — Wm. A. 
Boon, R. R. 21, Bunker Hill, Ind., Dec. 29. 

South Bend Our series of meetings closed with good 

interest, conducted by Bro. Greenawalt, of Milford, Ind. 
Two were baptized; the members were built up. On 
Christinas eve a joint Christian Workers' Christmas pro- 
gram—South Bend mission and South Bend church— was 
rendered at the mission. We have organized our indus- 
trial work with the children, forty present at our first 
meeting. We have a flourishing Sunday school, a Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting, prayer meeting Wednesday even- 
ing, preaching each Lord's Day, morning and evening. 
Christmas morning we were favored with a sermon from 
Bro Samuel Burrough, from North Manchester.— C. May 
Manners, 1309 Miami St., South Bend, Ind., Dec 26. 

Yellow River.— Bro. H. H. Brallier came to hold a 
special meeting, beginning Dec. 2 and closing Dec. 24 
Bro. Brallier preached every night and visited from house 
lo house during the day. Ten were received by baptism, 
ail Sunday-school scholars. Among the number were two 
that were located here from the Mexico Orphans Home 
in Indiana while in charge of Bro. Frank Fisher. We 
have gathered over ten dollars of missionary' money in 
our Sunday school in the last year, a part of which goes 
to the Chicago Sunday-school Extension Fund and a part 
to the world-wide mission. Our Sunday school will be 
evergreen. — Rosa Shively, Bremen, Ind., Dec. 26. 

L. Brammell, Ozawkie, Kans., Dec. 

Bro. Bar- 
LDec 21. 
..rellty sermons. Two baptized and 
F Fahrney, Sterling, Kans.. Dec. 29. 

Quenemo.-Dec 9 Bro. C. W. Shoemaker, of Appa- 
noose church, commenced a series of meetings at the 
Knoup schooihouse, closing Dec. 7 with a full house. 
Two precious" souls were burled with Christ in baptism. 
Dec 17 he preached a missionary sermon and took up a 
"'fee ion tc , the amount of $11.70, to be used in the home 
mission field.-J W. Price, R. R. No. 2, Quenemo, Kans., 
Dec. 18. . , 

Wichita.— Bro. Crumpacker and wife were with us Sat- 
urday evening and Sunday. He gave us an interesting 
sermon on missions. His wife gave the schoo a good 
talk She also gave us a talk on the different religions in 
the heathen countries. He preached at the mission point 
on Sunday evening. Any ministers passing this way we 
would be glad to have them stop and preach for. us. Our 
church is on 15th and Tyler St.-Sister N, J. Brown, 1554 
Riddelle Ave. Wichita, Kans., Dec. 27. 

Roanoke congregation held their love feast Dec. 23 


Garrison.— Bro. J. S. Zimmerman, of Waterloo, Iowa, 
came to the Garrison church Dec. 9 and commenced 

meeting the same evening, and continued, preaching each 
evening and several sermons in daytime, until Dec. 25. 
We held our. love feast Dec. 24. Bro. Zimmerman offi- 
ciated, assisted by Bro. Elmer Miller, of Cedar Rapids. 
Iowa, and our home ministers. Bro. Zimmerman labored 
earnestly. One Sunday-school scholar of eleven years 
came out, and one dear sister who had wandered away 
returned to the [old.— Rachel C. Christy, R. F. 
Garrison, Iowa, Dec 28. 

Franklin County church met in council Dec. 2&, our 
elder Bro. W. H. Pyle, presiding. We reorganized our 
Sunday school, with Bro. Ezra Burn superintendent, Bro. 
Geo. Allen and the writer assistants. The Christian 
Workers' officers for the coming six months were elected. 
Sister Hattie Allen president, Sister Anna Allen vice- 
president. Two letters of membership were granted since 
our last report.— Elsie A. Pyle, R. R. No. 5, Hampton. 
Iowa, Dec 28. 

South Keokuk.— Our series of meetings, which com- 
menced Dec 5. closed last Sunday evening. Bro. Lear 
preached twenty-three sermons. Three dear souls came 
out on the Lord's side and were baptized Christmas day. 
—Ida M. Brown, Ollie, Iowa, Dec. 28. 
Garden City. — Our love feast, recently held, was at- 
tended by nineteen members and a large crowd of out- 
siders, it being the first meeting of the kind ever held 
here. ' A series of meetings was conducted in connection 
with the feast. To-day four were added to our number by 
baptism, making a total number of members here in Gar- 
den City eighteen. — Viola Thompson, Box 64, Garden 
City. Kans., Dec. 28. 

Independence church held a Christmas entertainment 
Dec. 23. The program was very interesting. Sunday 
afternoon we met at the riverside, when Bro. Manuel 
Smith led his three children down to the waterside and 
buried them in baptism. The three are among our bright- 
est Sunday-school scholars — Ada Williams. 815 W. Chest- 
nut St., Independence, Kans.. Dec. 27. 

North Solomon. — Our council met Dec. 23. Five let- 
ters were received. A Snnday school was organized. It 
was decided to have preaching every Sabbath instead of 
the second and fourth Sabbaths. A series of meetings 
will commence sometime in the near future. — J. E. Small. 
Bellaire, Kans., Dec 28. 

Ozawkie. — A suggestion to the Christian Workers' so- 
cieties of Northeastern Kansas; In behalf of the orphan 
and homeless children, may we not have an offering on 

Bro. Levi Hoke, of Goshen, Ind., did the preaching and 
officiated at the feast. Thirty-eight communed.— J. 1. Mil- 
ler, Roanoke, La., Dec. 24. 

Broadrun.— Eld. C. D. Hylton, of Trinity, Va., began a 
meeting in the Broadrun church Dec. 3 closing Dec 17. 
Two precious souls were received into the church by bap- 
tism. One was also received during the summer not yet 
reported. Yesterday we observed Christmas by some 
very appropriate recitations and songs tor the occasion. 
Bro H. M. Harvey, a young minister and student ot tnc 
Maryland Collegiate Institute, Union Bridge. Mil., was 
with us and addressed the school, after which a treat was 
given the school. The school is evergreen.— John S. 
Bowlus, Burkittsville, Md., Dec. 25. 
Lakeview.— At our recent council Bro. Geo. E. Dear- 
dorft was requested to hold a series of meetings. This he 
did, beginning Dec. 13 and closing last night. Interest 
and attendance excellent. Twelve were baptized, eleven 
of whom were voung people from our own Sunday schoo.. 
To-day we enjoyed Christmas services. Next Sunday 
evening we meet to organize Christian Workers meeting. 
—Irma J. Ebey, Brethren, Mich.. Dec. 25. 
Winona.— We have been very busy ever since Thanks- 
giving getting ready for our Christinas exercises, which 
came off Dec. 19. We had them a few days early owing 
lo the (act that Sister Heagley had planned to go home 
for Christmas. We had a full house and the program 
was carried out nicely. At the close the children were 
made glad by receiving a bag of nuts, candy and pop- 
corn. Since my last report wc have received money lroni 
several parties and one barrel of goods from Aurelia. 
Iowa. We are very grateful to those who have con- 
tributed so kindly to the needs of others.— Lizzie Hilary. 
808 W. 7th St., Winona, Minn., Dec. 25. 
Mineral Creek congregation met in council Dec. 23. 
Three letters were received. On the evening of Dec 2b a 
goodly number met at Bro. Henry Campbell's and had 
an interesting missionary meeting. A nice sum was tak- 
en up for the missionary cause. It proved to be profit- 
able, enjoyable and filling —Lulu C. Mohler, Leeton, Mo., 
Dec 30. 

Oak Forest.— Dec. 23 we met in church council. Our 
elder was not present. Bro. Frank Gochenour acted as 
moderator. The writer was chosen missionary solicitor 
D No 1. and Messenger correspondent. We decided to close our 
Sundav school with this quarter till spring. Bro. Noah 
Duncan preached Saturday night. Sunday morning at 
10 we had Sunday school, at 11 the brethren gave us a 
good sermon. — Nannie A. Harman, Denlow, Mo.. Dec. 24. 


Juniata church is enjoying a refreshing season. Bro. 
James A. Flory, of Shickley, Nebr., commenced a series 
of meetings Dec 10 and continued until Dec 23. Bro. 
Horner assisted him the last week and remained with us 
over Sunday. They gave us good discourses. One was 
reclaimed. Three made the good confession and were 
baptized Dec. 22 by Bro. Flory. One applicant awaits 
baptism. Wc need a resident minister.— D. L. Shattuck, 
Box 261, Juniata, Nebr., Dec. 25. 

Cando district held appropriate Christmas exercises at 
both of her churches. Superintendent Geo. C. Long with 
his Sunday-school pupils gave a fine entertainment on the 
evening before Christmas at the Zion house. An addi- 
tion was built to the Cando meetinghouse this fall to af- 
ford more convenience. — M. P. Lichty, Zion, N. Dak., 
Dec. 26. 

Deslacs Valley.— Dec 24 this church met for worship, 
I he first time for a month, owing to work being done on 
our churchhouse. Bro. J. C. Forney preached, after 
which a collection was taken amounting to $12.05. to be 
used for home and district work. - Our correspondent. 
Sister Jennie Harris, is slowly recovering [mm a severe 
illness of more than five months. Five weeks ago she 
underwent a serious operation. — Ray Harris. R. R. 3. Ken- 
mare, N. Dak.. Dec. 26. 

Rocklake church met in council Dec 2 at Pleasant View 
house. Eld. A. M. Sharp had charge of the meeting 
Church officers were elected for the coming year. To- 
day we elected our Sunday-school officers for the first 
six months of 1906; Wm. H. Deardorff superintendent, 
A. B. Puterbaugh assistant. We are having an evergreen 
Sunday school. We are going to start a Sunday-school 
Bible normal. Next Wednesday night is to be our first 
meeting. We meet once a week at our homes and - 

anil Homeless CllllUlCll, may we not u,i\c di, ^.,i_,,., s -j -• - ■-- — -- -■ — - 

Sunday evening, Jan. 7, 1906, that the amount needed as Sunday night at the church, to be led by Bro. Hostetler. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 

We have Christian Workers' meeting each Sunday even 
ing It is in the care of Bro. Chas. Deardorff.-James r. 
Fifer Egeland. N. Dak.. Dec. 24. 

Rocklake church met in council Dec. 20 at the ElUson 
house. We decided to hold a »»«'«' J, \ 
Ellison house n the near future. Bro. Ley Monter wo 
has Sad the care of this church .or several years 1 as re- 
signed, having moved away some time ago. am, .Bro Al 
her, Sharu was chosen elder in his place. 1 his part o, 
th e chS ha? been without a resident minister ^ tor over 
i ve.r We expect to have one in a few weeks, as Bro. 
oh"Bruba e ker P of\he Surrey church, N Dak, is going to 
move among us. Two letters of membership were grant 
ed— Ada Spohr, Ellison, N. Dak., Dec. 22. 

de S d^^US;d1o r "he^ook^ a ch^ 
Bro Jesse Funde?burs, of Surrey, N. Dak., is expected 
here about the middle of January to commence : a vocal 
music class— Hannah F. Dunning. Denbigh, N. Dak.. 

Dec 6 OHIO. 

' Beech Grove church met in council Dec. 16, our elder 
David Zollinger, presiding. . Two letters w«e recerved. 
Se? s^nter^m^r^^imle^sSr 
£^3 ^ D'avfd Hostile # t^nee,i| 

■ win y-chree sermons. Two precious souls were buried 
with Christ in baptism. While with us Bro Hoton ger 
visited in quite a large number of the homes and V>e 
church seems much encouraged.— Oliver Koyer, New 
Madison, Ohio, Dec. 25. 


Boucher. -We are glad to report that the work at this 
„lac° is going along well. We had Bro. Wm. Ktnsey, 
fron, Juniata College, with us three evenings before 
Christmas. He delivered three lectures on methods of 
studying the Bible and Oriental customs. Our Sunday 
lehoo & keeping up well. We elect our new officers next 
ueck to keep it evergreen -W. E. Wolford. Boucher. Pa., 
Dec. 26. 

Buffalo.-Bro. Jacob H. Richard, of Maitland, Pa 
urcached for over two weeks at Emanuels Chapel. He 
delivered nineteen sermons. He visited nearly every 
home in the community, and a number at a distance. 1 lit 
Brethren are but few a. this place and are depending upon 
reining for a place of worship. Eight Precious souls 
were made willing to give their hearts to he Lord Five 
were baptized and three will be received later-Adda M. 
Shively, R. F. D. No. 4, Mifllinsburg. Pa., Dec. 27. 

Indian Creek church commenced a series of m>iw 
Dec. 2. Bro. A. B. Gingrich, of Lebanon, Pa., was en- 
gaged to labor for us, but for some cause he could not 
come until Dee. 4. Bro. Jacob Conner tilled his place 
by pleaching three sermons. Bro. Gingrich preached 
from Dec 4 to Dec. 17, eighteen sermons. We cosed our 
Sunday school for the winter, Dec. 10 The school was 
rewarded with a book entitled " Biblical History. -Han- 
nah R. Shisler, Vernficld, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Koontz church. Snake Spring Valley congregation, near 
Lovsl.urg, Pa., closed a very interesting series of meet- 
mas Dee 27. The meetings were conducted by Bro. J. J. 
ShSfer of Berlin, Pa. He preached fifteen sermons. 
To souls made the good choice and were buried with 
Christ in baptism.-Essic Guyer, New Enterprise, la- 
Dec. 27 

Redoak Grove.— Dec. 25 we met for Christmas services. 
Eld. Chas. M. Yearout preached an excellent sermon. 
He will preach for us the fifth Sunday in this month 
again.- Ella Bowman. Epperly. Va.. Dec. 26. 

Topeco church met Dec. 25. Brethren Abie Hylton and 
L M Wcddle preached. At the close of the meeting our 
dear old elder's, H. P. Hvllon's, death and funeral was am 
nounced He was buried n't Willis. -Amanda Wade, R. 
2, Box 54, Floyd, Va., Dec. 27. 


Bear Creek.— Dec. o we held our council. Brethren 
Charies Bonsack. of Westminster, Md„ and Walter kel- 
1, o Canton, Ohio, assisted us. Three were received by 
,,,,. an< i S ix were granted letters. Dec. 3 Bro. Keller 
preached a very practical sermon (or us. Our offering 
T,n Thanksgiving day was $14.96, which was sent to the 
General Mfss.on Board. Our Sunday school and Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting are moving along n.cely.-Josiah 
Eby, R. R. No. 4, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Immanuel.— Christinas we reorganized our Sunday 
school- the writer was chosen for superintendent, and 
Bro Claence Clarke assistant. After the reorganization 
of the Sunday school Bro. D. G. Berkebile preached 1 he 
v cation was given to those that had not yet given them- 
selves to Christ to eve themselves as a present to mm 
hen One of our Sunday-school boys came forward and 
will be baptized next Sunday-Sarah A. Smith, Wauseon, 
Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Middle District— Bro. Emanuel Shank of Dayton, 
Ohio, commenced a series of meetings Dec. 9 and con 

;recSc?? y t£rtcfSS7Sii 

i s ,.^seph"H-Stark: d R ^ N-V^V^or; 
Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Mogadore.-Our series of meetings was begun in the 
Springfield church. Summit county, Ohio, Dec. 6. Bro 
Reuben Shrover, from Canton, Ohio, preached seventeen 
fermons .closing Dec. 21. Two made the good choice 
From here Bro. Shroyer goes to Ken, to pr each cfor ttio* 
living in that vicinity.- Harvey E. Kurtz. R. F. D. No; lu. 
Mogadore, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Newton— Bro Geo. L. Studebaker closed his series of 
meetings here Christmas eve, after three weeks of insp.r- 
nt work among us. To seven applicants baptism was 
Xin,"four yet await the rite; two were reclaimed. 
—Mary 1. Senseman, Pleasant Hill. Ohio, Dec. 2/. 

Pleasant Valley.— Bro. John Fidler, of Brookville, Ohio, 
earned "out assistance Dec. 2 and continued meetings 1 n- 
t,l Dec 19 preaching twenty-four sermons. One was re 

' |S €'m\etSgs b ^'S;.at h thf M^g 

V. Beelman, Chicago, Ohio, Dec. 27. 
Paradise Prairie.-Bro. James L. Thomas came tc i us 
rw ,0 and preached fourteen sermons. The members 
were much built up Bro. Kesler, of Arkansas, stopped 
over with us Dec 23 and 24 and gave us three good les- 
sons He wiU oca.e in Oklahoma. There are many 
P?aces all over Oklahoma where there are a few mcnibers 
calling for someone to come and preach for them. J. n. 
Cox. Coyle, Okla., Dec. 25. 


ASh Cn n u d r'c-S D officers W vvere £t el , e c r . eTfoTthe coming year! 
^ z ie C T DetwteHs Messenger agent and corresponding 
secretary Money was raised for church expenses and 
mission wort, the past year, $115.42. Sunday-school of- 
ficers were elected for the coming six months, Sister 
Decker superintendent. We have a good Sunday school 
wth fifty trolled; most all are children u Money raised 
by the Sunday school the past year, S37.54.-L,zzie 1. 
Detweiler, Ashland, Oregon, Dee. 28. 

Independence-Thanksgiving day . we children , gath- 
ered as usual at our father's home in Independence ana 

Sunday We also have Sunday school each Sunday at the 
same place. Our Thanksgiving collection amoumed o 
S6.70 which we sent to the poor in Chicago— Dessa 
Keeps, Independence, Oregon. Dec. 21. 

Lewistown.-The Brethren Sunday school o Lewis 
town held their Christmas exercises conducted by he 
superintendent, Bro. H. A. Spanoglc. Singing by the 
ittle children was excellent. The attendance was 112, 
collection was $3.38. After Sunday school there was 
preaching by Bro. A. C. Steinbarger— J. C. Hcmcr, 
I.ewistown, Pa., Dec. 24. 

Mountville— Bro. N. B. Fahnestock, of Manhcim, Pa 
commenced a series of meetings at the Manor house Dec. 
2 and continued until Dec. 17. He de ivcrcd nine teen edi- 
fying sermons. Two precious souls made the good 
choice— A. S. Hotteustein, East Petersburg, Pa., Dec. 28. 
Pittsburg— Our Christmas exercises by the Sunday 
schoTwefe considered quite good They were held on 
Sunday morning. The .singing, "Citations and clnldres 
songs were all appropriate. Bro, J. A Bollinger, of t he 
Avalon Pa., schools gave us an excellent address. Eld. 
W G Schrock, of Berlin, Pa., was an unexpected but wel- 
come visitor. Our quarterly council is called for Jan- * 
-S S Blough, 1120 Greenfield Ave., Pittsburg, Pa„ Dee. 

Schuylkill— Our series of meetings closed Dec 17 com 
ducted by Reuben Grabill, of Lancaster, Pa. One dear 
soul decided to unite with the church. The meetings were 
well attended. On Christmas we had services at the rcsi- 

expected to do the preaching.— D. C. Kutz, R. F. D. No. 
3. Pine Grove, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Shamokin.-The work is growing nicely. Dec 3 we 
commenced a series of meet ngs (having pre™* done 
some visiting and considerable advertising). We found the 
attendance and interest increasing until we numbered 
fron fifty to eighty. The second week coming too close 
o Uie hSiiday season, broke off the attendance very much 
so we closed, to open again sometime later We fee mat 
our meeting was a success. We have a Bib c study or 
prayer meeting each Wednesday evening, mdllslna am 

vocal music class Saturday afternoon Sunday hot, .^nd 
Serlo uf and" eol.eX (being a special Election 
for Christmas) was $5.07; attendance in evening about 
seventy— Barbara W. Beaver, Shamokin, Pa., Dec. 22. 

Soringville.-Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. 
EdwarTwenger, of Fredericksburg, Pa., at the Mohler 
house closed Dec. 24. Two precious souls came out On 
he Lord's side. Our Sunday school closed Dec. 24 for 
he winter; one more applicant for baptism-Aaron R. 
Gibbel, R. F. D. No. 1, Ephrata, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Yellow Creek congregation had a very interesting meet- 

superintendent and Bro. Samuel Ritchey assistant— G. S. 
Batzel. Tatesville, Pa., Dec, 26. 

Cedar Grove-Dec. 9 Brethren Abe Molsbee ^and A. E. 

People of God-Sarah C. Mallory, Alum Well, renn.. 

Jlm-o^D^: §„ J Su»oeP2 

^tr^u^mee^q'^ly'-B^^rV R 
No. 2. Tullahoma, Tenn., Dec. 27 

" Write what thou e-cest, nnd send it upto the churches." 


By the blessing of God on Saturday, Dec. 23, I was 
permitted to leave the hospital and go home. Only those 
who have spent live weeks and a half in a hospital can 
tell of the joy one experiences when the doctor says, 
" You can go home." How such an experience docs in- 
crease home joys, all the afflicted ones can tell, 

My experience there was as follows; Nov. 15, first 
amputation four inches above the knee. Operation a fine 
one and well done; no pain to speak of. Five days later 
had a bad hemorrhage. Tins bleeding poisoned the whole 
amputation. Doctor had to chloroform me, reopen the 
work done before ami remove all clotted blood. 

Three weeks later, when the tissues had all ceased shift- 
ing oil', which left the hone too much exposed and little 
protection ol llap, the doctor performed another opera- 
tion and rcamptllated bone. This reaniputatiou of bone 
caused me intense suffering for live days and nights. 
when I acted Paul and Silas like, I sang and prayed all 
night. The Lord heard ami answered. The pain ceased 
all al once and from thai hour my slump began to im- 
prove and is still improving. 1 niu now at home and ell 
joying good health; able lo move around some on crutch- 
es. In a few more weeks slump will he entirely healed 

up for which I praise my dear heavenly Father tor his 
support iii my hours of suffering and tile- comfort of the 
Holy Spirit. !■ A - Wtl ""' r ' 

Bowbells, N Dnk.. Dec. 27. 


The mission Sunday school is moving along with in 
creased attendance and attention. 

A good many children are being gathered ill who hove 
never been in any Sunday school. Ncxl Sunday, Dec. 31. 
we will reorganize the school. Christian Workers' meet- 
ing in flourishing. 

Sunday evening preaching services are well attended, 
and some are near the kingdom. 

The Sislc-rs' Aid Society meets in one of the rooms of 
the mission hall Wednesdays, 

We are making many house lo house visils and (lis 
iribuling tracts and Messengers 

Neighboring churches who have members taking the 
Messenger ami letting them do no good after you have 
read tlieni call do good by sending them to me, I could 

use one hundred copies per week to good advantage, We 

call also use clothing. 

Brother and Sister, ol McPherson, were 
with us Dec. 24, and Bro. Crllinpackcr gave us a line sei 
nion in the evening. The house was well filled with at- 
tentive listeners. 

Any of the Brethren slopping over in the city will be 
met al the trains if they will just drop me a card. 

Jacob Funk 

Box 526, Wichita, Kans., Dec. 26. 


ineil Dec. 23. with our 



Flat Rock— Christmas day we met at ^ Grove Icr 
v.- lirf, I T Lavman preached a very intcrtsi 

Sterling church met in 
A. C. Wieantl, presiding. 

Letters were granted to two member*.. 

Bro. Peter Frantz was chosen Sunday-school superin- 
tendent and Bro. Win. Buckley assistant. 

Voted to place $35 of our Stinday-schol money with that 
we have toward our parsonage fund. 

Ministerial supply commit, ee repofls that Bro. J. G. 
Koyer, of Mr. Morris, can be secured lo lake charge of 
our services from March 11 until sometime in September. 


Church unanimously voted 10 make such arrangements 

with Bro. Royer. 

We, as a church, are very much pleased, and anticipate 
some Bible study during this time. 

We have, during the past Christmas week very much 
enjoyed the Bible study held at the home of Bro. Buck- 
ley Sister Grace Buckley, who is attending Bethany Bi- 
ble School in Chicago, had charge of the class. 

Bro. Frank Eckerle. of Lanark, preached two excellent 
sermons to-day. 

We expect to have Bro. J. A Brubaker with us over 
_ . , , Bertha Dutcher. 

Sunday, Jan. /. 

309 6th Ave., Sterling, 111., Dec. 31. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 


vember: WOBLD-WIDE. 

North D«oM-»7iaa^Co;B. Snyder Lake. ..... « gj 

christian Workers' meeting ol la vi n 1138 

Christian Wortera' geetlnj of Cando j ioi) y };,„„' McClane. 

?V , a0 n ^a^inf% B M a.. n ?^ O » h 1 .(.0 : Albert Johnso,., 
S% S r' St S eW " U Ho y i'.aS- 2i centibar!!' A. Dettra. PaUada.j 

ur ill Munis 12.70: H'.-IU- WliUmnre, Lap 

South.rn Slst, Cong. Oakley church, 

° r ihalvldu 6 al.. 'El. Z atoii.'HonrlckW.'6errosordo;')5.(l6: John IJ 

"l^.^o-i-Ncrth'orst^ Dial., Congregation. Wash 

, H. Ox ley, Over- 

Middle Dist. S. S. Dry Valley 

Indlv. C. X.. Avis, ■ ■ ■•■ :"™« 

I ^ih^55io.i;i?fiv,uuif r ' n E™l 3 3t,: H,nrlcka 

^cifcrala^moo^lr.llv AKr ™™«*% it 

4 98 
1 00 

5 00 

25 00 
20 00 

Virginia — $13.77. — Second 
'iadiana— -jjil'.OO^- Northern Dist., 

. Indlv. 

V Mili]1 : L:lst Ir.dlv Flizcteth Hanrx, Flora, 
WoVt Virginia— -$10.00.-Second Dist., Indiv. 


'webr'ask ii^-$B.00. — IndlvJdu 


al. W. 
H. ' A. 

Idaho — $5.00. 

FC Ka aB aa^4iB.^So U ti;ea'^ern ? DisU : lct. 

!■•, [■>.■<. i,^ Sj::]: Kansas (. ity. f.J-27. -■■■•_„„ 

Oreffon-^-S1.00— Indiv. E. R. Wimer. Salem 

Washington— $1.60.— Individual. 

13 77 

Alva Long and 
10 00 
1 00 
Harriett Reed, 
10 00 
5 00 
5 00 
Christian Workers. 


H. Myera and 
Swab "and Wife, 

Harvey Chapman, 

1 00 

1 60 

Total for the year so far » 

Pen^ylvania-^l.OO.-Eastern Dist., Indiv. A Brother^nd 

^^O^VV/^Y^ » Aid Societ^S? 
^Sl^SSS,- ■ John ■ and ' Lizzie ' PUgh, Sant, 
An CQloraao-3moo.-S-,r,J,.y Hatcsl St. 16 00 

K»«^|«^ c ?°Sri5!iFc?i&e5^ B MlS?n t0n BaS of 

ington, •::••';"'■'■ e^;;'Vm'[«-iVia 51.00 ; J. H. Oxley, Over- $7.00; Slate Creek, 51.40; 

JS V kJ^A^SS^S^^SM. $10.00; Addle Brown, Slate Vre^-gr^i-^ $6.85^ 

Abilene, *1.00, ...... ■JJJi^™M™"' Alternant 53.75; Scott , ^"^"V? ■■-■: 


Ab SoutliaaVtern Dist.', Congregation. 

v ?- s & S p£ris Stirs, Hiply- »i.:: E. ... 
60 cents; Susan Cochran, volley vliJe, 76 cents, A bister, 
ieyville, 26 ce 
...Southwestern^. ^.'iLCTvfi&S&Br, McPher. 

, Dist., 
Giathart Hutchinson, 
51.00, . 


Altamont, $3.75; . 

Joyce. Altamont, 

— - uoi- 

2 50 

Mary'G.'Morelock, Lyons, $2.00, 

" Minnesota — $5.00.— Sisters' 

Mission Band 

15 25 
Bridgewater Co 1 - 

5 00 
1 00 

-h''«^S-iS.--dk^. it f^t7^ Sa Si, Hester. Ce: ■ ;■ 

Illinois — $1.00.- 

1 00 

tern Dist., Individual. 

' Rebecca J- Rankin 
Beech G:' 

3 50 
6 00 
3 UV 
John L. 
12 00 


walta, 526.00; 


30 00 

... M. Alva Long i 
Helblig.' Columbia City, $1.00, 


Hu^f^sn«:::: , si:cn;;Kr 8 er;-covhric„n,- S 2.o6; 

51.00 ■; '.'.".'.'. 4 40 

S^fewSSirk rniiv A Lrrthcr Herring SLOO; N I 

CooL BeavlraaV Marriage Notice, 50 cents; John A. irack- 

ler. McComb, 53.00 . . . . 2 20 

■i-e-xas— $32.20.— Cong. Saginaw,, ■ - 
Indlv. Jesse V. Slump, W 

'-'ihSna^slt.W.-Norihern'Dlat., Infllv 

Zumbrum and Wife, Columbia City. 86.00. A. »"»•■;,-;, 

uorte, SO cents 2 90 

Sfe? BS- iSfflt M^frooj 'Laura 'j" ^ Idayll & 

Chas lillaberii.T, r.unbrki^. 76 eehls. . | |i 

7nX e8B K^ a '-^o'|ersIr e ? ffffNii M.' Toungjm- 
br yto 1 itoliJ^aa , .10^S s o rn d District. Bridgewater C:1 q 

k ' S li-ll-- E-rd S. MBXJ31. ML S-Jney, Mt-TteB? N:ti:a EC 
cluis D i' Hoover UrUlgownte-r. 51.00; Mary Driver, O_tto_- 
blue $1.00; H. I. Flory, Stuarts Draft, 56.00, 

Io'wa— $22.00.-Miildle 1 -isi net, Ind V. / 
*r, do- Mri O Hotv, Missouri \ alley. Si. 00, 
Sioux city Sl',00; David Meta, Sioux City. 5 

Northern District, Individual. Mrs. Hug.. _. --.^ oQ 

13 Ml»B=-iri— $l4.00^MUdU Djst Inflfc- D. M JtWm War- 
runsburK ^'" , ; l-^'wls and Klon.-n.-e K) ken berry bt. Lou^ 
1' \V 1 uTijn.vo aiul Wife, CreiRlilon. $2.00, 1400 

Jl X't VirfflnC-$10.92. -Se,o,,d District. Indlv Z Annon, 
Thornton, JU ic-nts; M. W. Reed, Morgantown, 55.00, F. Nine. 

" First 'hist'. s':'':.j'r Sotcc) ' l : -::r: 3£.M ; |" 

Michigan— $8.50.— S. S. East Thornapple 4^a 

So-87 l 50°-lndiv rSe 'L: K KeUner," PayeUe".- fib' cents: B. 

J fK'S-'. SLOO: S. Click, Boise, 51.00; H. A. Swab and 

Wife. Twin Falls, $5.00, ....■■-■ ■■■■•• - ■ £ Zn 

Nebraskn — $6.92.— Cong. Falls Llty, 

Sunday SchooL^ South Beatrice, 

4 00 

E."Troyer, Milton, 52.00; 

Total for the year so far 9 3135 ! 


-Southern District, Congregation. Unit 
n* Dist.',' indiv. 

Indiana — $20.00.- 

9 66 


1 25 

Ohio — $9.66.— Northeastern Dist. S 
Pennsylvania — $1.25.— Eastern Dist, 
and Phcebe Zook 

Total for November 3 , 4 f |g 

previously reported • 

Total for the year so far '••* 150 39 

Pennsylvania^ — $19.43.- 

Sister, Rudy, 

Sunday School. 

to attend the ceremony, declaring that those who parti- 
cipated in or aided in any way the marriage of divorced 
persons were without the pales of the church. Regardless 
of the warning, a number of Catholics were in attendance; 
this number were Mrs. E. A. Cudahy, wife of the 
iident of the Cudahy Packing Company, and moth- 
er of Eddie Cudahy,_who was kidnapped, and Miss Mae 
Hamilton, a prominent society lady, who is heir to a 
million. The distinguished bishop promptly placed them 
all under the ban of excommunication. Neither the Cud- 
ahys nor Bishop Scannell will allow themselves to be in- 
terviewed by press reporters. 

Some readers will doubtless regard the foregoing action 
of church discipline as being hasty. Let us look and see. 

First, these parlies all knew the laws of their church 
on the marriage question. 

Second they heard the bishop's warning note, hence it 
was a wilful violation. Listen to St. Paul: "For if we 
sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of 
the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sin." 
Read what a sad fale befell those who sinned presumptu- 
ously in Moses' time. Their violation clearly was one of 

There have been times when there were reasons to be- 
lieve that the deserving hand of retribution was passed 
lightly, because of Ihe rank and wealth of the accused.' 
An elder was asked why his committee dealt so mildly 
in a case that seemed so apparent. His reply was, " We 
found the accused to be the working element in that 

That brand of church discipline deserves censure, for it 
will never free the church of leaven, so necessary to fit 
it for Christ's bride. I point to Bishop Scannell's system 
as being of a higher type, and it can be looked at and 
studied with profit; I- J- Rosenberger. 

Covington, Ohio. 


"What therefor. God hath joined together, let hot nun pot »s»od«" 

-Eastern Dist. 
Panther Creek, . . . 



Total for the year so far 

Pennsylvania^ — §5.00.— Eastern Dist.. Indlv. . 

Boydstun-Fletcher.-Dec. 3, 1905, at the home of the 
bride*, parents, near Hastings, Okla., by the undersigned, 
Sir Leonard Boydstun and Miss Ada Fletche,-, «to 
inanche county. 

Pirtle-Dunlap.— Dec. 10, 1905, by the undersigned at his 
home near Hastings, Okla.. Mr. Willie Pirtle and Miss 
Edna Dunlap, both of Comanche county Nelson 

7 50 

„, Culler, Pierson, 
; D. and Mary Mets, 
$5.00 12 00 

ugh E. Walton, Sib- 


Wife, $6.00; ) 

2 60 

Indlv" Chas.'Ullery and Mother, Dal'ton',' $3.00; C. WMsler, 

Ashland, SLOO 

Oregon — $3.00. — Indlv. a. i^- ii"j»'p """""i ' ' ""300 

XV wi.hlS=»-4»i°.-l::3l-. ; , jsSv n. f A.ifctajr.dto Snctens. 


Chesaw $100, 

Maryland— $1.25.— Middle Dist, Indi 

Oklahoma^-$1 .66.— Indlv. 
Minnesota, — $1.00. — Indlv. 
South Dakota — 50 cents. 

2 50 
W. H. Swam, Beck- 

1 25 

Bertha B." Shirk," Elgin, 1 00 

Louisa Keath, Wabasha, 1 oo 

-Individual, Mrs. Bel" ' 



Total for the year so far * 


California.— M. E. Rothrock, $3.00. 
Canada.— Louisa Shaw, $1.00. 
iow a a^ 1 'S V Wh B ee,e V r er t=r^°S.. ;2 .e»; A Brother and Daugh 

«-»A"J S'tt'" K ,«!; "slerVs.. 1 ?!^*! 
Doughty tl in a. A and E. S. Moore, S10.00; 
;,;•.; Si? iX SB Miller and Wife, S5.00. 

Indiana -Oral V Cue. 51 00; Thomas Cripe $5 00; James A 
P.v?i ■ s° 00- Mrs. David Miller, S2.00; Snow Mahorney. J1.00. 
Mrs I In rle Swartz. S5.00: David Clem, SLOO 

H Wo°f Wire u J Daughter Sarah. SHOO; Astoria church, 
Si2.00° Rock 'creek Sisters' Aid Soeiely S500; Lydla. Bueher 
SI 00- Samuel and Lizzie Henncks. $25.00; J. H. Rotiei .ana 
Wife 510 00; Perry M. Culley, $1.00; Mary C Gilbert, 58.00. 

L ' S Kin B I as U .-?ftn,?y Puderbaugh, $1.00; Daniel Niswandsr. Jl.jjjji 
Mary E Towslu. 51.00; Clara T. Brandt and Family. S5.00, 

° Z £ar^^^ 

n^°er, S;'^&f ffiti *VflkFi?¥yi- 
s onary Sewing Society, $5.00; Jennie E. Mck nstry $5.00, L. 
C Davis, SLOO; Amy L. Roop. $3.00; H. G. Lngler and wue. 
S10.00; Frederick Sisters' Sewing Clrclr •*-■'■ 

^^*--n$ B \T} ,0 S™&}?%&Jil;r i .Y..,,, l , 10: Eagle 

"Blessed ate the dead which die in Ihe Lord.' 

Death Notices of Children Under Five Years Not Published. 

Bissey, Sister Mary E., departed this life Dec. 20 1905, 
at the home of her mother, Mrs. Harriet B.ssey, Sandy 
Ridge N. J., aged about 29 years. Her death was due to 
consumption: Sister Mary was a very faithful member o 
the Amwell German Baptist Brethren church Seyra_ 
weeks prior to her death she was anointed. Ihe text. 
her own favorite, was Psalm 23. The services were con- 
ducted by her pastor, Bro. S. F. Myers. Intermen at 
Barbers cemetery. Jennie F. Green. 

Bollinger, Curtis Ralph, son of Brother Samuel and. 
Sister Tillie Bollinger, born in Johnson county, Missouri, 
died in the Mohican congregation, Wayne county, Ohio, 
Dec 15 1905 aged 14 years. G months and 13 days, fu- 
neral services improved by Bro. David Worst, assisted by 
Mr. Keiffer of the Progressive 


S. A. Show 


Total for the year so far 

Pennsylvania — $63.73.— Western District, S. 

l-.reUireii, SH'.OU; Elk Lick, $12.39, 

Indlv. Dallas B. Kirk, Pent a 

Middle Dist., Cong. Holsinger House 

Sundav School. Maple Glen, . . . 

Individual. A. S. and Barbara Replogle, New 

-Eastern ' bfst, Congregation. 

Indlv Chas. D. Bousack, Westminster, 
Cahlornia — $31.00.— indiv. A Sistc- 

Laura Fby, Tustln. SG.00 


Sarah Mill 
indiana^'21.83."—^Northern' District, Congregation. 

Rox bury 

22 39 

1 00 

22 00 

13 34 


5 00 


44 30 

10 00 


S^^^TeS 8 Ald ,0 s r oc n it?v e PafesS'echureh, $5.00; Eagle 
rr ?ek Vs ?B 00; Prank ,id Margaret Puterbaugh $5.00: I- 

S r^£\^^*C. ISfWnSS'V MoVe, $3 00 Mrs J; 

T^-entV Kthel E Sipea. BO cciUm; Ella Stevens, 10 cents; 
Stela St'.-vVn" 10 -euts. jo^t-ph J Ellis. SI W-' ; Wnmlbury ( 1 , ■ 
Sr^.n'l Vomp.ran.-e Society $8.80; Mary P. Bach, $1.00: 
Elizabeth A. Balsba- — 
$1.60; Ll7.zie_D._Hoa 


31 oo 


6 75 

and Mrs. Walter Swl- 

6 5S 

Indlv. D. B. Hartman 

ha Middl Z e a D^st. Indlv. ' a" BroVhoV, Wabash,' $2.50; Wm. Leath- 

11 s.i'u'thl'i'n Dist' indiv. Frankiln Johnson, Linden. 5 00 

IlllnolB— $8.75.— Northern Dist,. Indiv. August and Mary 

V Ohlo^SS.OXK— Northeastern 'b'lst.', Individual. Mrs. Mary A. 
Youne Fast Akron 60 cents; Amanda Youiik. East Akron, 
$100; Leltle Young. East Akron. 60 cents; Benton Blxler 

Hnrtvllle IS 00 4 OO 

Soiithern' Dist.. 'indiv. Eva Ullery. Covington. ... 1 00 

Idaho — $5.00.— Indlv. A Sisler. Moscow .. 5 OO 

Virginia— $3.94.— Second Dist, Indiv. Joseph and ^ 

Morth Dakota— $2.50 — Individual. 

'Vansaa-^eo' cents.'— Southwestern Dist. Indlv. A. S. Down- 

" Miller, Han- 

rSf,"?!' 00 S7: ».°ir,?S Yval^.roo: SfiJ'S 

„. , „j,d"B.rti,a'l"rmc| 5, $So?Ma > . ; H'l.n,...ley $100 ; S gbmon 

Sirayer, $1.00; Mrs. A. F. and Bertha Hmiv . 5 r..00. J R. Mc 

N'eel 5 1 cents; Mrs North Brotton. 5_.00 bai.iht,. Sell, $5.00. 

v,l a Slrave. SIO0; Etta Brown. SI. 00; H. B Miller and 

Wife 55 m ' ■Free-will Oil ering." .25.00; Wm. 1'homa., $5.00; 

^liViiael Claar 51 00; Mr. and Mrs. L. B. K.agonse $5.00 

"oMahoma-Alulia A. Fisher 53.00; Bertha B. Shirk SLOO 

N0l)rn..a.-Allie Kisei.l.ise. 50 cents; Florence Elsenbise, 50 

,-,.,, ts Ileth.l , Sisiers Society. 510.00. . 

Viigliia-C F. Nair. SI 0,1; Timhervllle Sisters' Aid Soei- 

,„ Si \ nrolher, SLOO; Susie E. Collier, $1.00. 

Tain's Manvel church $12.00. 

New Tork— J. H. and Maud V. Hollinger. $10.00. 

Total for November »„_;;5 "J 

Previously reported 

Byerly, George S., died Dec. 17, 1905 aged 68 years, 9 
months and 13 days. He was born in Rockingham coun- 
iv Virginia During his early boyhood his parents moved 
to Tennessee, where he resided until 1861 when he came 
to Allen county, Ohio. He united with the Brethren 
church in 1862. He served the church as deacon for about 
twenty-five years. He was married to Sarah Miller, Nov. 
4 1862 To this union were born thirteen children tie 
leaves 'one sister, a faithful wife and eleven children. 
Services at Sugar Creek by Eld. I. J. Rosenb ^ ge £ river _ 

Brown, friend Joseph, died near Stuarts Draft, Va 
Oct 15 1905 A wife and five children survive him. rle 
was a brother-in-law to Bro. J. R. Gish Funeral serv.ces 
held at Mt. Vernon church, conducted by 
Flory and Miller, of Pennsylvania, ; 
of the Presbyterian church, 

M. W., died in the bounds qf_ the Kas : 

Brethren G. B. 
ssisted by Dr. Finley, 
Interment in Mt, Vernon 
Florence Flory Cline. 

Clayton, Bro 

hurcli, Illinois 

Dec. 19, 1905. aged 75 years, 5 

2023 66 

Total for the year, 
5901 3rd Ave.. Brooklyn 

$3549 72 

Kurtz' Miller, Sec. Bldg. Com. 
N. Y. 

H. H. Johnson. Pie; 

3 94 

3 50 


' Write what thou seest, and send it c 

i the churches." 


cents. — Individual. Mrs. 

Total for November 3 _lgj g_j 

Previously reported ia,i i« 

Total for the year so far ? 17 9 » os 

Pennsylvania — $41.98 — Eastern Dist., Indlv. A Brother and 

Sister. Rudy ■ ■ ■ ■ • ■ ?? SJJ 

Western Dist., S. S. Roxbury Brethren 11 00 


November 28, Congressman Kennedy, who has a di- 
vorced wile living, was married to Miss Marguerite 
Prickett, of Omaha. Catholic Bishop Scannell, on Sunday 
previous, issued a pastoral letter forbidding all Catholics 

Slha and 26 days."' He was born in Rockbridge county 
Virginia. He leaves three sons and one daughter. Bro. 
Clayton was a deacon and lived in the church for a num- 
ber of years He gave the piece of land tor the church 
and graveyard. Funeral services were conducted at the 
Kaskaskia church by Bro. D. T. Wagner, from Hcb. 9 27. 
His remains were laid to rest in the Kaskaskia grave- 
, Mary Waddelow. 

Cripe, Sister Bellinda, died in the Yellow Creek con- 
gregation. Elkhart county. Indiana, Dec. 21, 1905 aged 76 
years. 2 months and 21 days. She united with the Breth- 
ren church in early life. She was the mother of ten chil- 
dren A husband, six sons and two daughters remain. 
Funeral services by Bro. Frank Kreider and John Nus- 
banm. Amanda Mlller ' 

Clingenpeel, Mary, nee Moss, born in Union county 
Indiana, departed this life Nov. 28, 1905 at the home of 
her daughter, Mary Eikenberry, in Moultrie county, Ilh- 

THE .GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 

nois, aged 85 years,- 8 months and 10 days. She was 

united in marriage with John Clmgenpeel, March 8, 1840. 
To this union were born one son and six daughters. Hus- 
band, son and three daughters preceded her to the spirit 
world She united with the Brethren church soon after 
her marriage, and ever since has lived one of the most 
faithful and devoted Christian lives. She was sick only a 
short while of pneumonia, during which tunc she called 
for the elders of the church and was anointed She was 
brought to her old former home at Mexico, Ind., where 
another daughter, Fanny Fisher, ,s living. Funeral was 
held in the Mexico church, conducted by Eld. trank Ush- 
er and Bro. J F. Appleman, from Mark 14:8. Interment 
in the cemetery near by the church. Meldora Fisher. 

Coate, Bro. Benjamin, born near Ludlow Falls, Miami 
Co Ohio, died at Celina, Ohio, Dec. 7, 1905, aged 78 
years, 6 months and 14 days. In 1850 he was united in 
marriage with Mary Yaney. He leaves a wife, three sons 
and one daughter. For about twenty-six years he was a 
member of the Brethren church, which he faithfully 
served as deacon. He was known to all his friends as 
" Uncle Ben." Services at the Ash Grove house conducted 
by S. Z. Smith. A- D - c ° ate - 

Crumpacker, Irving, son of Brother A. J. and Sister 
Hattie Crumpacker. died at their home, near Redheld, 
Kan,., Dec. 14, 1905, of spasmodic croup, aged S years, 
10 months and 23 days. Funeral by Clias. A. Miller 1 he 
beloved, bright little Sunday-school scholar was laid to 
rest in the Brethren cemetery, by the Paint Creek church. 
Lydia V. Crumpacker. 
Folk, Bro. Abraham, of Savage, Somerset Co., Pa., died 
Dec 10 1905, aged 60 years. Bro. Folk was born in 
Somerset county, Pennsylvania, and lived within six miles 
of his parental home until death. He died of pneumonia 
fever Bro Folk united with the Brethren church when 
about thirty years of age, and was found zealous in the 
work of the church. He was elected as deacon in tie 
Maple Glen congregation in 1886, and served faithfully 
until death. Dec. 2, 1866, he was married to Margaret 
Shoemaker. To this union were horn four sons and five 
daughters. One son and wife preceded him to the spirit 
world. Seven of these children belong to the Brethren 
church In 1891 he was married to Sister Sarah Fletcher, 
of Somerset county, Pennsylvania. To this union were 
born two daughters. He leaves his second wife and ten 
children. We have lost a strong support to the church. 
He cared in his own home for helpless old people and 
young motherless children. Services at the Maple Glen 
church were conducted by the writer and Eld. L. A. Peck, 
from 1 Thess. 4: 18. Burial at the Maple GUn^emetery. 

Hardman, Israel, born in Wayne county, Indiana, died 
Dec. 18, 1905, aged 66 years, 10 months and 2 days. He 
was married twice; lirst to Jamima Kolb, Nov. 10, 1861. 
To this union four children were horn, three surviving 
him His wife died about 1870. He was then married to 
Nancy A Wike in 1S75, who died April 14, 1902 To this 
union were born three children, who still live. Bro. Hard- 
man united with the Brethren church at an early age and 
lived faithful. He died at the home of his son, John Hard- 
man, near Elwood, Nebr. Funeral services by Mr. Ash- 
pole, of M. E. church. Text, Rev. 21: 25. ^ ^ ^ 

Hertzler, Marvin W., youngest son of Bro. and Sister 
E H. Hertzler, died in Lawrence, Kans Dec. 14 1905, 
aged IS years, 7 months and 7 days. Marvin with an- 
other boy were hunting Thanksgiving day and he was 
shot in the foot; it terminated in lock jaw. He leaves 
parents, three sisters and one brother. The funeral was 
held in Lawrence. Text, 2 Sam. 12: 23. I H.Crist. 

Hoffman, Sister Adina A., died in the bounds of the 
Naperville church. 111., of paralysis. Dec. 18, 1905, aged 43 
years, 1 month and 6 days. She suffered grea ly for the 
past three vears. Deceased united with the church July 
6 1902 and remained faithful. Funeral services by the 
writer, from John 14: 1, 2. ' Harvey M. Barkdoll. 

Jacobs, Sister Rebecca, died at the home of her son, 
John Brown, York county, Pennsylvania, Dec. 14, IMP, 
aged 84 years, 10 months and 8 days. She was buried in 
Ihe Mummert graveyard, near East Berlin. Funeral serv- 
ices by Eld. C. L. Baker. Margie V. Wrights. 

Kerr J R., of Aline, Okla., died Dec. 4, 1905. aged 35 
years, 9 months and 10 days. He was found dead on the 
morning of Dec. 5. Coroner's jury found that he had 
come to his death in some unknown way. Funeral by 
Josepb Root, of Hoyle, Okla. in the bounds of the .Pleas- 
tint Plains congregation. He leaves wife and five children. 

rl. 13 Out i;. 

Kingry, Bro. Peter W. D., died Dec. 15, 1905, at his 
home near Fullerton, Kans., after an illness of several 
months aged 72 years and 10 months. He was born in 
Park comity, Indiana, where- he resided with his parents 
until he was twelve years of age, when they moved to 
New Buffalo, Mich., where they lived until 1874. He 
was united in marriage to Patience Cooper in 1S5K. Elev- 
en children were born to this union two of whom have 
gone before. Early in life he united with the Brethren 
church and lived a consistent Christian life In 1874 he 
moved with his family to Kansas, where he spent Ihe 
emaining years of his life. His suffering was intense. 
He leave! a wife and nine children. Funeral services con- 
ducted by Mr. Romine. Burial took place in the Kins- 
ley cemetery. M *>; K '"^y- 

Longenecker, Sister Mary Eystcr, died at the home of 
her son-in-law, Bro. Geo. Weaver, in the Upper Cone- 
ago church. Pa.. Dec. 18, 1905, aged 89 years, 8 months 
and 6 days. She was a devout Christian woman, and 
was the widow of Bro. Daniel Longenecker, who w-as one 
of the elders of the Upper Conewago church when he 
died twenty-two years ago. She was buried by the side 
of her husband in the Friends Grove graveyard; services 
by Brethren D. H. Baker and C. L. Baker. 

Margie V. Wrights. 

Marker, Sister Mary, wife of John Marker, died at the 
home of her daughter. Mrs. Levi Ebersole, in the bounds 
of The Altoona church, Pa., Dec. 9, 1905 of diseases in- 
cident to old age, aged 80 years, 7 months and 13 day»_ 
Besides her husband she is survived by two sons and 
three daughters. She was a member of the German Bap- 
tist church many years. Funeral services at her late 
home by Eld. W. S. Long, from Rom. 8: 18. Interment 
at Roaring Spring, Pa. S. N. Brumbaugh. 

Miller, Joseph, of Mechanicsburg, Pa., died Dec. S, 1905, 
in his 70th year, of heart failure. His remains wen 
buried in the cemetery at Huntsdale, Pa., where funeral 
services were conducted by I'm. John A Miller, of Oak- 
ville Pa. Clarence E. Long. 

Mow, Sister Ella, daughter of Brother and Sister Aaron 
Swihart died at her home in Walnut church di Iriet, In- 
diana, Nov. 13, 1905, of typhoid fever, need 55 years, 10 
months and S days. Sister Mow was born in Ko cutsko 
county, Indiana. She moved with her parents to Marshall 
county, near Argus, in the Walnut district. Early in life 
she united with the Brethren church. She was an unas- 
suming and faithful member. Jan. 5. 1890, she was umted 
in marriage to E. B. Mow. To them were horn two 
daughters and one sou. who arc left to mourn her de- 
parture. The funeral -ervices were conducted by J 11. 
Sellers in the Walnut church. Arley Bodey. 

Oren, Abner, born in Troy, Miami county, Ohio died at 
bis home at Clinton, Douglas Co.. Kan'.. Dec, 20, 1905, 
aged 70 years, 10 months and 20 days. Hi. illness la tell 
for a long time. In early life he nulled Willi the Breth- 
ren church and lived faithful. Funeral services conduct- 
ed by Eld. I. L Hoover in ihe M. E. church, front Ihe 
words, "If a man die, shall he live again?" Internum 
in the Clinlon cemetery. Chas. M. Ward. 

Price Jacob, horn in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, 
died in the bounds of the Ottawa church, Kansas. Dee. 
9 1905 aged 70 years, 5 months and 27 day- lie was :i 
brother of Eld. David Price, of Ml. Morris, 111. lie un- 
married to Emma Ziglcr and became a member of the 
Brethren church in 1861. Six children were born to this 
union, all of whom survive. Text, Job 30:24. by Ihe 
writer. "■ F. Met line. 

Reed, Sister Lnla Dove, daughter of Brother VVyall 
and Sislcr Elizabeth Reed, died ol consumption, in Ihe 
bounds of the Pleasant Valley .church, Floyd county, Vir- 
ginia Dee. 1, 1905, aged 21 years, 10 months and 7 days. 
She joined the Brethren church Jan. 22, 1899, and lived 
an exemplary Christian life. Her suffering was intense. 
She leaves father mother and one brother. Her only sis 
ter preceded her nearly two years ago. After services 
by the Brethren she was laid lo rest in Ihe family bury- 
ing ground. s - p - Rceu ' 

Shaw Sister Mary, wife of Samuel K. Shaw, of 1602 
5th Ave., Altoona. Pa., died Dec. 11, 1905, aged 76 years 
8 months and 8 days. She was horn in Blair county and 
was a resident of this city for about twenty-three years. 
From her girlhood she had been a consistent and active 
member of the German Baptist Brethren church, took a 
very prominent part in the sisters' aid society of the 
church She is survived by her husband, six sons ami 
three daughters. Funeral services were held by her |>as- 
tor W. S. Long, assisted by Eld. I. W. Wilt, from Isa. 
60:20. .Interment in Carson Valley cemetery. 

S. N. Brumbaugh. 
Thoman, Mrs. Lydia Lanranda, daughter of Bro. Geo 
lacob' of York City, Pa., died in the York City hos- 
pital, of consumption, Dec. 17, 1905, aged 26 years 3 
months and 16 days. Eld. J. A. Long conducted the fu- 
neral -ervices at the house in York City, after which the 
remains were conveyed to the Mummert graveyard, near 
East Berlin. Funeral services conducted m the Mummert 
meetinghouse, hy Eld. C. I.. Baker ,,.„.,, 

Margie V. Wrights. 

Werst, David R., bom in Jefferson county, Kansas, died 
of pneumonia fever in Kansas Cily. Mo.. Die 15. 1905. 
aged 30 year , 10 months and 8 days, lie was the yottng- 
e t son of Bro. George (deceased) and Sislcr Mary Werst, 
He united in marriage with Miss Grace Love. On. 9, 191 I. 
To them one child was bom. His remains were brought 
to Ozawkie for burial; funeral service conducted by the 
writer from Num. 23:10. He leaves a companion, one 
child, a mother, four sisters and four brothers. 

II. I.. Brainniell. 

The Mayville Class 
Abroad ========== 

By E. M. COBB. 

The Mayville High School 
class make a lour through 
Europe and Palestine and 
wrile letters home of the 
most interesting character. 
It is just the thing for young 
people. All will find Ihe 
book captivating and very in- 

Reading this book is just 
like rending Idler, from a 
friend traveling abroad. You 
cannot imagine how inter- 
esting and instructive such a 
book would be, unless you 
have actually had the experi- 
ence. It is a book that will 
interest the whole family 

The book is finely illus- 
trated and contains 288 
pages. It is bound in tine 
cloth and has a beautiful cover design stamped 

cioin aiiu has " „«.-." — 
You had better send for a enpy now. 
Price per copy, prepaid, only 



Good Commission 

An Easy Seller 

I„st one agent wanted in each community. If you 
„a J nt to make 8 some money real quick write a. once for 
terms on this book. Act now or someone else will. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Thousands are 

their subscription lo the Gospel Messenger, and hundreds 
are taking advantage of our Red Letter Premium Bible 


Have You Renewed? 

If you have not, and your time expires ihe first of Jan- 
uary, you bad heller send your renewal now and take ad- 
vantage ol this special Bible offer. Ho not wait for us 
lo write you a personal letter or until your subscrip- 
tion is discontinued. 

Hundreds testily that the "Messenger" is the best 
religi.uis journal published, and yet we arc not satisfied 
with present attainments. Our plans arc to make the pa- 
per still better. 

Our Red Letter Bible Circular 

showing s,,c of Bible and type, also giving full descrip- 
tion ni Bible may lie had lor Ihe asking. If you do not 
have one. ask for il. 

Your Renewal 

Be sine .111,1 get yout renewal in before March first. 
Yon cannot afford to miss .me copy of the paper. We 
cannot afford lo lose your subscription. If convenient, 

hand your subscription I Ic ol our local acciils, of scud 

direct to us. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Brethren Lesson Commentary 


Sunday School Lessons for 1906 

By I. B. TBOliT 

This book is especially adapted 

for Ihe use of leach. is and ad- 
vanced students. Il contains a 
careful analysis of cull lesson, 
with illustrations and practical 
Holes. Each lesson has one page 
devoted lo suggestions lor leach 
ing, hy Eld. Albert C. Wieand. 
win, has .pent years of study 
along this line and kindred lines. 


A new feature of the Commentary this year is the two 
version test. Il contains both the King Ja . » and 
American Revised versions, and is arranged in lue linear 
j.arallel method which allows an easy comparison. In 
addition to ihe numerous text illustrations it contains a 
number of full page illustrations, as well as colored maps. 

,„ general should not fail i" purchase a copy of this 
Commentary, winch will be found to he a faithful com- 
panion in preparing you for effectual Sunday-school work. 
1 1 i, Ihe largest old most complete Commentary we have 
published. It contains fifty pages mure than last year's 

j«d sells al Ihe same price. 

Bound in cloth, 380 pages, price *1.°° 

Scud your order now lo 


Elgin. Illinois 

1906 Brethren Family Almanac 

» ♦ ■ 

Don't you want a copy of our New Almanac? Be- 
sides i number of helpful and interesting articles, it con- 
mins the entire ministerial list, all the Dis.ricl Mission 
Hoard organizations and a list of the District Sunday- 
school Seerelarics. 

You will want to refer lo the Almanac often during 
Ihe year and you can't afford to be without it. 

Price per copy, only ..We-- 

Per dozen, 

Elgin, Illinois. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 6, 1906. 


Monticello.-Eld. Howard H Keim, of Ladoga Ind 
c ime to us Nov. 2h and preached for us until Dec. 17, 
giving twenty-six sermons. Five precious souls came out 
on the Lord's side and were received by baptism l Dec, 
10. Ml are built up and encouraged Dec. 23 the Breth- 
ren at this place "met in council to finish up the work of 
the year. In reorganizing Christian Workers meeting, 
he writer was chosen president and S,<tcr Nora Bndge 
secretary - Mae Billing, R. R. 4, Monticello, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Centralia.— The members met on Christmas for serv- 
ices al 11 A. M. An appropriate program was rendered, 
just before closing a colleciion was taken for the gen- 
eral mission fund, amounting to $8.42. Dinner was then 
served in the back rooms of our church. _ We have an 
evergreen Sunday school. Our song services are con- 
ducted by Bro. Joe Myers.— C. A. Wagner, R. F. D. 1, 
Centralia, Wash., Dec. 26. 


From all indications. Hie special Bible term which be- 
gins Jan. 29, will have an unusually large attendance. Ar- 
rangements are made for the students to take their meals 
in the college dining hall 

In order that lodging may be provided for in due time, 
write lo the president how many are coming in your 
group. E " M " Crouch - 

North Manchester, Ind., Dec. 30. 


Dec. 5 I started on a trip to southwest Missouri and 
northwest Oklahoma. 

Dec. 6 1 reached Carthage, was met by Bro. Jean Head- 
ing and conveyed to his hospitable home, and thence to 
church that night, where we met a small band of the Fa- 
ther's children, presided over by our aged elder, Christian 
Holdcrman. This church has suffered much loss by emi- 
gration, but still her candlestick remains and her light 
continues to shine. Elder Holderman is assisted in the 
ministry by Bro. Glick, late of Louisiana, and Bro. C E. 
Holmes, who seem to be alive to the work and in deep 
interest for the welfare of the .church and the enlarge- 
ment of her borders. Five days were pleasantly and it 
is hoped profitably spent at this place. 

From here, after a short visit with Eld. Geo. Barnhart, 
of Carthage, I continued on my way, stopping at the 
mission in Joplin, Mo., now under the care of Eld. N. 
Orcn, who though advanced in years is still quite active 
and seems in deep earnest in the Master's work, and es- 
pecially in the Joplin mission. There is a small band of 
members in the city who now worship the Master each 
Lord's Day in preaching and Sunday school and other 
services. 1 was very favorably impressed with the mis- 
sion, and here as elsewhere those directly interested seem 
to be manifesting commendable zeal in the work and are 
very anxious io have members and especially a min- 
ister locate with them. One great need of the work there 
is means to push the work. It seems an almost useless 
waste of means and time to start a mission in a ciLy un- 
less sufficient help can he had to push it to success. I 
see no reason why this mission may not be a success if 
the means to sustain it can be obtained. Two services 
were held with them and a number of friends seemingly 

The next slop was with the church at Mont Ida, Kans. 
Two services were held with appreciative audiences, 
their elder, Bro. Jesse Studebaker, another of the aged 
pioneer workers of the past " far west," being present al 
each service. Though still in deep earnest and quite act- 
ive for one past fourscore years, yet he feels that the 
proper thing lo do is to let another gird on the mantle 
and wield the scepter of the Father's children at that 
place. Accordingly he is arranging to have a younger 
and more active man locate among them lo lake the over- 
sight of the church. 

Continuing our journey, the next stop was at McWillie. 
Okla. Here is a scattered number of earnest workers, 
now under the oversight of Eld. H. Booze, who seem 
very enthusiastic in their efforts to subdue the wild west 
and bring it into subjection to the Prince of Peace. Two 
services were held with them. Here I met an aged vet- 
eran, Elder Glick, who had been with them a few days. 
Bro. Glick seems to be spending his old age as a trav- 
eling evangelist. From there he went to Texas to meet 
appointments in the far southwest. 

A churchhouse is now the hope of the church at that 
place, and they will build in the near future. Anyone 
desiring to place a little of the Lord's money where it 
will be appreciated by his children and be well spent and 
do much good, should enclose it to Bro. H. Booze, Aline, 
Okla., who will gladly receipt for it. 

_ Just west of this place is a congregation somewhat scat- 
tered with no minister, and the call comes ringing, "Come 
over and help us"; but no one so far has answered the call. 
Lc'aving this place, my next stop was with a few iso- 
lated members at Reeding, Okla. One service was held 
with them. The few members here seemed much dis- 
couraged, having nr. -ister. Bro. A. C. Root, who had 

made his home here for two years, had moved away and 
now they are without any preaching. It was learned that 
the mission board of the Territory is looking after that 
place with a view of locating a minister there. There is 
much room for mission wi>rk in this great field, but the 
workers are few and the means with which to work are 
fewer still. Pray ye the Lord of the harvest that he will 
send the laborers into his vineyard to harvest the grain 
that is whitening everywhere 

The next stopover was at Guthrie, Okla., where one 
service was held. Here is a small number who are ear- 
nestly contending for the faith in the midst of a large 
city rife with wickedness, as most cities are. The com- 
modious churchhouse there once filled with earnest work- 
ers would be a delightful place to worship. Elder Leh- 
man is presiding over this church to the seeming satisfac- 
tion of her worshipers. He is assisted by three other min- 
isters (all elders, if I remember correctly), and by united 
efforts they should be able to lighten up at least one dark 
corner of the city. They are glad to have ministers pass- 
ing to stop off and worship with them. 

The next, and last, stop was with the Coyle church, 
Coyle, Okla., where Eld. H. Brubaker is at the helm and 
steering the old gospel ship to the haven of rest, assisted 
by three other ministers, and the greeting one gets there 
makes one feel at home from the start. Three services 
were held and a more earnest crowd of listeners would be 
hard to find in any country. This church is spoken of as 
a "model church for the southwest," and my observations 
seemed -to acquiesce in the noble appellation. • 

All in all, the trip was "quite pleasant and would prove 
an inspiration to anyone making it. And while there 
may be room for improvement, yet the spirit and zeal 
manifested at all places visited speak well for those ear- 
nest workers in those frontier fields. I feel glad in many 
ways for the opportunity of visiting among them and in 
a future communication may make further remarks on 
some observations made on this trip. May the Lord di- 
rect all to his glory and the promotion of -his cause and 
the salvation of eouls. B. E. Kesler. 

Leachville, Ark., Dec. 23. 

Can Books, Etc., Be 
Secured Now at 


This question has been asked us often recently. In or- 
der to accommodate our many readers we answer to one 
and all as follows: 

On all books, etc., listed in our Holiday Bulletin, pub- 
lished in Gospel Messenger, Nov. 25, 1905, with the ex- 
ception of Avalon Poets and Padded White Vellum Se- 
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Elgin, Illinois. 

Vest Pocket 
Sunday School 

By REV. J. M. COON, A. M., LL. D. 

Self-pronouncing Lesson Commentary on the Interna- 
tional Sunday-school Lessons for 1906. Containing the 
Sunday-school Lessons for 1906; Revised Version 
Changes; Golden Texts; Daily Bible Readings; Historical 
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and Other Helps and Conveniences, such as Maps, Sun- 
day-school Class Book, pages for personal use of teacher, 
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Red linen, embossed and stamped in black, 20 cents 

Red morocco, embossed and stamped in gold, ...30 cents 
Red morocco, interleaved edition, two blank pages 

between each lesson for notes 40 cents 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Christian Workers' Outline Booklet 

January-June, 1006. 

This little booklet with its clear-cut and yet complete 
outline of the subjects to be used for the first six months 
of 1906 is ready for mailing. 


1. Authority for such organization. 

2. How to Organize. 

3. Suggestions. 

4. One full- page outline on each subject from Jan. 7, 
1906, to June 24, 1906, inclusive. 


First. Ought to have a Christian Workers' organiza- 

Second. Ought to use these outline booklets men- 
tioned above. 


First. Each congregation should have an organization 
in order to get all the young people of the church inter- 
ested in Bible study and church work. 

Second. The outline booklet should be used in order 
to get the greatest benefit from the subject under dis- 

(a) By getting the subject in a comprehensive way be- 
fore all the members. 

(b) By aiding the younger members to speak upon 
the subject. 

In general it will add greatly to the interest of your 
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Twent.y-eight pages. 

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The entire set bound in cloth for only $3.25. 

Bible Geography.— By E. S. Young. Designed to stim- 
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parts, — Old and New Testa- 
ment Geography, — and con- 
tains a number of excellent 
maps on which the leading 
journeys are traced and 
principal events located. No 
study is more fascinating 
and brings richer rewards 
than a faithful study of the 
land in which God revealed 
himself to his people. 
Bound in cloth. 127 pages. 
Price 60 cents 

Bible Outline.— By E. S. 
Young. Written in four 
parts. (1) The Books of 
the Bible. (2) The Old Testament History. (3) 
The New Testament History. (4) The Institutions of 
(lie Bible. All the Scripture, important events and chief 
characteristics are given in their proper order. 98 pages. 
Price, cloth, 40 cents; cardboard, 30 cents 

New Testament History.— By E. S. Young. Enables 
the student to obtain a clear knowledge of the history of 
the New Testament, both in general and in detail. 
Bound in cloth. Price, 50 cents 

Old Testament History.— By E. S. Young. An excellent 
aid to the study of the Old Testament, a good understand- 
ing of which will prepare one for a better understanding 
and a clearer conception of the New Testament. Cloth 
bound. Illustrated. Price, 50 cents 

Christ, The Life of.— By E. S. Young. A harmony of 
the four Gospels. Contains a systematic arrangement of 
the Savior's life and teaching. Nine periods. One hun- 
dred and sixty events from birth to ascension. Nine maps 
on which events are located and journeys shown. Scrip- 
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are placed together on the -ame page under the proper 
subject. Well illustrated. 348 pages. Bound in cloth. 
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The Gospel Messenger 


VoL 45 Elgin, 111., January 13, 1.906 No. 2. 

TABLE OlTcONTENTS alive, stimulates and feeds the belief that force is the gorge— 222,000 cubic feet a second-in falling eighty 
' best if not the only solution of international difficulties. feet would develop two million gross horse power, 

Editorial— As the principle of peaceful arbitration gains ground and about sixty per cent of this could be delivered 

That' Fifty Cent> |5 it becomes one of the highest tasks of statesmanship as electric current. In use the power below the [all. 

Three Weeks on a PJ a K ue sh 'P> '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.& to adjust these armaments to the new state of things. will be much better than to destroy the falls, one of 

WesfeyTnT Trine* immersion.' '.'.'. V. '■ W- ■'■ ■ ■• |<j Great Britain can have no nobler role than at the fit- the natural wonders of the world. 

Suggestions for Elders, (ing moment t0 p i ace j tse lf at the head of a league 

Essays— of peace through whose instrumentality this great There are two sides to the race suicide question, 

An y fo S r P °he n Wan r t d of Dnigem?. . b/a.' G. Cross'. work can be effected." ft is good to hear words of according to Sec, clary Lovejoy of the National Child 

white • v 18 this kind from a man in so high a position, and if he Labor Committee, lie says that many men are work- 

The mT"- C E x m M n 2 d ™ Cn By^p h B. Ftawater?™ « works to preserve peace, as he no doubt will, there ing to-day at the bench and in the factory for less 

Soul Winning. By Anna Hutchison 19 wjl , SOQn be a desire on the part of ot i le r governments wages than their fathers received for a similar amount 

S Wea rSo'cieU y es D ' By D E le pVic'e '. '. ' '■ '■ ' '■ '■ '■ '- '■ '» to refrain from increasing their armaments, or even of work, and it is costing them more to live. He 

"Counting the Cost." By B.rdelia A Printz 21 maintaining them as they a re at present. The peace thinks that such men, if of a conscientious type, wdl 

The' Nursery 'of ,1™^^ By"iinme°Seplogte,'22 principle will be more strongly felt as time passes. hesitate al the responsibility of bringing children into 

A Pure Heart By Frank B. Myres, .....22 l|,c world to struggle and loll tor a bare livelihood 

Is Baptism Important? By C. D. Hylton 22 GovEKNOK Higgins of New York in his message without any prospect of advancement, It is estimated 

Home and Family,- 23 to thg legislature has made some suggestions as to that in the United Slates there arc two million children 

°TX e Happ1ue«" rtl By 1 Cora a L. Goodwin,' V. V. '■.'.'. !23 the way in which life-insurance companies should be employed in manufactures and mining. Some think 

The Two Voices. By Moffie Satterfield, . .23 coM ' rolled He wants a ■■ drast i c but practicable, rad- the number too large, and claim it is crowding out 

SiSt Rohr S e7 ing S ° Ciety ' "' ■ '. - ". » ic al but sane" law. He thinks insurance companies men and women and reducing wages. There is no 

. - . r, ,„,.„, should be reunited to make large investments in bonds doubt that it costs more to live now than it did former- 

Ge " e vV~Go7 ^^ '~ * lecured by TorSgl on real "estate. Loans to other ly, but a good pari of the increase is due to the fact 

Life Germ in Spiritual Seed. By S. Z. Smith ... ..27 oratkm , should b e restricted. Subsidiary com- thai nlOSl people to-day will not he content with what 

Fr ° Me h sner IiSSi ° n B ° ard ' **"'■ - - • ■ * panics should be forbidden. There should be a larger was considered sufficient a generation ago. And some 

From Bulsar, India. By Eliza B. Miller, ... . ...27 ^ q{ real mutua!ization . A uniform system of of Ihe increased expenditure is harmful instead of 

W T a h „ted M and i0 Ne a e ry ed Pr0 |y E. D. B _-__" ^ accounting should be prescribed by the state and full beneficial. 

_______ r=== publicity to policy holders should be assured. Con- ( ^^ [q ^ awak „ ing fro ,„ , K . r [ong 

AROUND THE WORLD. g«ss may decide that these and other corporations . & ^ ^^ , n &g Qf nmk , m 

- ^JZ^Z . — n-d some " atioral control - Something should be ^.^.^ ^ „ nt as ,. ;ipidly as did Japan . Thc 

Tudge Tulev of Chicago, who died recently and done *° P™'** the ™ n °< sma » or '^"^ ™f ™ boycott of American goods " represents a growing 

whose wiUwal' filed in the probate court last week. from the so-called great- financier who has n some ^ classes, and 

las on e he few men who have the courage to re- cases shown himself to be little better than a highway 1 ^ ^ ^.^ „,„, 

main comparaHve,; poor when there are opportunities robber. And the trouble is due to an inordinate love ^ ^ ^ . ^ g ^^ |( , ^ „_ ^^ 

to become rich His estate was valued at forty thou- oi money. 1R . aly concoss i on s from this country. ' The people 

sand dollars. Many men with less ability, and with comparative quiet in Russia on Christ- are no longer content to do as their fathers did, but 

much less conscience, have become wealthy when given m ™ c £ " » - b q ollr calendar , as they still desire progress. No doubt the newspapers winch have 

his opportunities. It is good to know there are a few ~^£ ™ alendar ' At the czar ' s palaC e much been established have done much to create and foster 

men who are strong enough to resist the temptation ^___Tw_^_-T the army officers. On the army the spiri, itiona ism. In ecu ral China J^aiucse 

to become rich. More judges of that kind are needed. £™ ™ ^ of Russia in the present crisis. If military tactics are being adopted and western busi- 

Revetations in New York and elsewhere show to what ' ? - * ^ he ^ J rst „ f the rcvolu . „ess meihods are being adopted. And then the trea y 

lengths and depths men are willing to go in order l™*™^ are probab ly over for the present, signed Dec. 21 by China and Japan wdl do much o 

to add to their already too large fortune. Such are "J^T s t L It will take Russia a long encourage the feeling of independence. When Ch na 

setting a pernicious example before the young men ; - su ^ " ' ^ ^ ^ o( tlle w ar with Japan « once fully awake and prepared she and Ja pan can 

of the country, who need always to remember that ' ™ ^^^ aml destruction of prop erty by her bid defiance to ^^^^^^ 

there are many things better and more permanent £ fc , con(lition of the country run oyer her. tel Is should put on 

- «« rnofgot I the budget for ,906 it is estimated ^ ■«--— _T JT_ OrS ist^t 

The attempt to have the Isle of Pines declared to that the expenses ordinary an d extraor dinary w, J'^^ m „ R . „„„.,._ 

be a part of the United States instead of belonging about two hundred and forty million do lar* ; more than 

to Cuba is destined to end in failure, for Cuba holds the revenue from the ordinary budget. But Russia ^^ DoMJNG0 ,, as had a good lrlany revolutions, 

the title Those who have gone to the Isle of Pines has vast resources and if peace is restored will soon ^ ^ ^.^ difficultk . s with other nation s because 

n recent year and are now protesting because the recover. With American intelligence and push she ^^ ^ ^ ^ Some ^ ag0 United S t a ,es 

island does not belong to this countrv should have would soon be one of the richest countries .n the (>fars „,, island govcrnment s0 desiring, took charge 

known _ facts in the case Several land companies world. But it will take a good many years to raise customhouses , paying a part of the receipts 

were organized and *q ^acquired considerable Lodies her peasants to the level of the average American >n ^ ^ (k . bt am , turning thc rcmainder ove , 

of land much of which they have sold to Americans, citizen. . [„r government expenses. The plan seemed to work 

claiming that the island belonged to the United States is on the increaS e well. But dissatisfaction arose and there i was uu i at- 

and thai its products could enter without paying duty. J',™" \ mniu( , lheir a P ttentinn to the streams tempt at a revo ulion. Strangely enough President 

This would give settlers there an advantage. Some *" ™ " ^ « c± Niagara river h as Morales , I the revolutionis s, p wg ^"JT^ 

persons were deceived by the circulars sent out and « here * and (hc , e were plans t0 us , that the v.ce-pres.dent and the cabinet had ^usurped 

Lested their money. But neither that fact nor the ^™ f of it . but there was sl ,ch a protest from all power. Bu, the rev.i utio, ,,» ts go^ th^ wo t rf n, 

protests of to-day can change the right of Cuba to h ™ ore ° ,„ „, , ht falls practically de . I the latest report is that I res dent *»*£<*» 

the island. For the United States to put forth a * ^ ^ ^ wil , likclv be preserved. Another to resign ,f allowed to leave the «_T » »*£ 

claim now would destroy the good feelmg at present ^ * J established at NiaRara , b ut it will I o the party now in power ' -B™ ™ * >J" 

existing, and it would be claiming that to which our w ' P rjv whicb falls eighry fee. I united States is said to be "?*«____rf_ 

countr^ has no right, and that our government is no, £ £^ « ^ ^ „.„ thf whirl , , , , b ,,,1 be ,r U nis prevent ^e £££*£ 

lik ^ t0 d °" the center of this length It is "..mated a abou ^ ^ '^U, move ot. aftlr once getting 

S.K HEK.v C AM PeEE L -B ANNER M AN , the new prime ■ half as much power con d e deveb ed „ on d b« by ^_^. ^ whcther (he senate wi|1 app Q f 

minister of Great Britain, in a public address to the diverting the ™«"«™°l^™*^™J ze the agreement remains to be seen. For reasons of its 

Liberal party on peace and arbitration said: "The who has stood besrdejh whudpool «m**rt » * t^ ^ ^ ,__ (o ^ ^ advan . 

growth of armaments is a great danger to the peace ha, an ™M_»^ J^ pi ing through the tageous treaties with other countries, 

of the world. The policy of huge armaments keeps there. The amount P 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1906. 

-?: ESSAYS^ 

, ,h,s«ll appro-* -•»' God. » "orkro.a th.t nerfrtk .01 
uh.rocd, rightly dividine tbo Word ol Trait. 



Gently lead me by the hand. 

O my Savior dear! 
Through this dark and deary land 

Be thou ever near. 
Be a lamp unto my feet, 
Let me hear thy whispers sweet 

In my list'ning ear. 

Drive away these doubt and fea.s, 

O my Savior dear! 
Dry my eyes of all these tears 

Caused by sorrows here. 
Comfort my poor, weeping heart. 
Let it ne'er from thee depart 

In this world so drear. 

Fold me eloser in thy arms, 

O my Savior dear I 
Shield me from the world's alarms, 

Fill my heart with cheer. 
Safely sheltered on thy breast, 
There in peace and safety rest 

With no thought of fear. 

When these trials and cares are o'er, 

O, my Savior dear! 
Meet me on the other shore, 

Where there is no fear; 
Free from toil and sin and strife, 
In that higher, better life, 

Where none shed a tear. 

Litton, Cal. 



A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in pictures of 
silver.— Prov. 25:11. 

The wise man of the Hebrews had evidently learned 
the worth of wise words, for indeed there is nothing 
that so soon distinguishes the fool from the seer as 
the words he speaks. As a man thinketh in his heart 
is he inclined to blurt it from his mouth ; and whether 
good or bad, what his tongue has made him say, he 
will feel compelled to sustain by his acts. It is this 
last that makes our words so fraught with importance, 
since our spirits are ready to sustain by our lives what 
we may have uttered in haste, and what we may in- 
wardly, seriously rue, but, bound by the chain of a 
hasty speech, we would rather go face foremost into 
wrong than give the lie to our tongues. 

The vocabulary of the ordinary business man is 
forever getting him into trouble. Some one is only 
too glad to take advantage of his ambiguous statement 
of prices or of order for goods and soak him. The 
lawyer's life is one long squabble over words. The 
life of a patient may lie in the treacherous hands of a 
weak word with a false ring, mumbled indistinctly by 
the physician to the nurse. Many a man has meant 
it well, but the great mistake of his life lay in his 
failure to say it well. Many as the unspoken words 
are, there ape yet a whole host of misspoken words, — 
words you did not mean, words you would like to re- 
call, words that have pierced the heart of a friend and 
fatalh wounded it, words that have shocked the sen- 
sitiveness of a treasured friend and lost him to you 
forever. A classmate of mine once said. " Oh, words, 
words, give me words, words ! " But I say to you, 
young friends, it is not more words but better words 
that you and I need. We want to learn the words 
that teach us sympathy and love. 

Benjamin Franklin, that great colonial statesman, 
scientist, philosopher, inventor, educator and diplo- 
mat, said that he early in life learned to modify his 
statements, avoiding as much as possible the super- 
lative and absolute utterances. So few things in 
this world are there that we are absolutely certain 
about that it seems only a just caution to young men 
and women to be careful what they put into the uni- 
versal, casting it like the laws of the Medes and Per- 

sians in a mould unchangeable. Much of the strife — 
the useless strife— in your life may thus be avoided. 
In most assertions let modesty dictate your statement, 
striving to be just rather, than dogmatic. 

Chaucer, the master of English storytellers, in char- 
acterizing his scholar said that he spake not one word 
more than was needed. How difficult it is to do this ! 
How many needless words we use which are worse 
than needless ! Tennyson's " Tears, tears, idle tears " 
reminds one that there are words, words, too, that are 

But " a word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in 
pictures of silver." The heaviest of all metals is gold, 
so the heaviest of all words is the one that is rightly 
spoken. Shakespeare in " Hamlet " makes the king, 
Claudius, who had murdered his brother to get the 
throne, say that when attempting to pray his words 
would not go to heaven because his thoughts were 
ever upon earth. So with us, the first requisite to a 
word that shall be as an apple of gold is that it have 
a corresponding earnest thought. So many of our 
words are for effect; they do not really stand for 
anything; they have no weight; they are not apples 
of gold. A word to have weight must have a whole 
life back of it. How weighty the words of the judge 
when arrayed before the court the accused man awaits 
his sentence from the lips of the law. His trial may 
have been exciting, his lawyers may have been in doubt 
as to his innocency, and at times the court visitors 
may have frowned upon him; he may have instinct- 
ively stopped his ears to the words of his accusers 
and have listened with suppressed breath to the de- 
nunciations of his enemies, yet it all pales and passes 
in the all-absorbing intensity of the words of his sen- 
tence. No words, the weightiest of all from witnesses, 
no words of invective the most piercing from prose- 
cuting attorney ; no words of harshness or heartless- 
ness, no words of desolation or despair can weigh in 
the balances with these, for they are heavy as gold 
upon his heart, they hold a life as their burden. 

But if gold is heavy, it is also brilliant, beautiful 
and of all metals to be desired ; so. the words fitly spo- 
ken are of all most to be desired, most beautiful. See 
how they shine forth in their setting of silver in which 
their beauty is twofold enhanced by the contrast. 
Never should the background monopolize the central 
figure for which the picture was painted ; never should 
the frame draw the eye from the masterpiece within, 
but in all the frame and the background should only 
add luster and richness of effect. Words fitly spoken 
are so enriched and so intensified by all that accom- 
panies them. 

Of our dear Lord may I beg that you all may so 
speak as to make your words an inspiration to all 
who chance to hear you, and may you ever remember 
that " a word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in 
pictures of silver." 
Mt. Morris. III. 

three and when I arrived at the church was as wet 
with perspiration as though I had taken a light show- 
er bath. Horseback riding over the southern red hills 
is hard work for a " Hoosier " anyway. 

It was high time. for church when I arrived, yet 
the house was as dark as threatening clouds and the 
shadow of the nearby forest could make it. When 
I went into the church yard a few worshipers were on 
the outside waiting for the janitor to arrive and strike 
a light. (Early candle lighting is the meeting hour.) 

At last he came and opened up and struck a match 
and hunted for the lamp which when found was a lit- 
tle shy of oil. We all followed him in and found 
seats, I behind the long table, most of the others on the 
back seats. The side lamps were shaken and pro- 
nounced ready for more fuel. Then we were left in 
the dark while he went to the kitchen in the rear for 
the oil can which had been drained some time previous 
to this ; so it set a time limit to the hour of devotion 
and no time to be lost in preliminaries. 

This was the picture after the commotion : Two 
long tables, two preachers behind them, two deacons 
in front of them, a few members scattered over the 
house and a long row of outsiders as far from me 
as they could possibly get for the walls, and an at- 
mosphere in the room almost as forbidding as a plat- 
ing room. 

Calling for fresh air I made free to speak to the 
friendly sinners to come right up in front where I 
could better see and instruct them. I looked for hymn 
books, but none were in sight except two or three 
that the brethren had stored away in their side pock- 
ets and a few old frazzly " Gospel Hymns," which I 
found had lost the index page, so we were in it again. 

Said I. " We will sing one of the good old songs 
by memory, and for God's sake, people, if you never 
sang before in your lives, try it to-night." They did 
try, and we had a jubilee chorus, for those people 
can sing. 

I preached as I never preached before and came very 
near making it a funeral sermon, for what could I 
see before them that meant progress or life? There 
was no Sunday school, no nothing except a meeting 
once every month, and more funerals than baptisms ; 
so where is the hope for such a church ? 

There are always good members in such places who 
are wide-awake to the growth and prosperity of the 
church, but where there is one worker, there are two 
" jerkers " and three " shirkers." 

May the sunlight of heaven sweetly fall upon 
churches of this type, and may the time speedily come 
when they may take front rank in the work of saving 
souls, is my prayer. 
Flora, Ind. 




I have been very much interested in reading Bro. 
Neff's " Mission Wagon " articles, and by these I am 
forcibly reminded of one of my own experiences, 
once upon a time, south of the Mason and Dixon line. 
It was in an old organized church ; indeed, much 
longer has it existed than I can remember, yet the 
conditions are as primitive as fancy can picture or 
the optimistic mind enjoy. 

Having a Sunday evening appointment at said place 
and no one to bear me company, I proceeded thither 
on horseback at a good brother's expense. The livery- 
man equipped me with a good horse, a fine new padded 
saddle, oil cloth trappings in an artistic roll behind 
the saddle, and a cowhide whip. The only definite in- 
structions delivered me on receiving the reins were 
to carry the saddle into the church in case of rain 
and I was off. Neither pedestrian, equestrian, bike- 
man or motorman disturbed my progress, and I rode 
on as gallant as a knight. 

While the horse went two miles I seemingly went 

There is probably not an unperverted man or 
woman living who does not feel that the sweetest 
consolations and the best rewards of life are found in 
the loves and delights of home. There are very few 
who do not feel themselves indebted to the influences 
that clustered around their cradles for whatever good 
there may be in their characters and condition. Home, 
based upon Christian marriage, is so evident an insti- 
tution of God that a man must become profane before 
he can deny it. Wherever it is pure and true to the 
Christian idea, there lives an institution conservative 
of all the nobler instincts of society. 

Of this realm woman is the queen. It takes the 
cue and hue from her. If she is in the best sense 
womanly — if she is true and tender, loving and heroic, 
patient and self-devoted — she consciously and uncon- 
sciously organizes and puts in operation a set of in- 
fluences that do more to mould the destiny of the na- 
tion than any man, uncrowned by power of eloquence, 
can possibly effect. The men of the nation are what 
mothers make them, as a rule ; and the voice that those 
men speak in the expression of power is the voice 
. of the woman who bore and bred them. There can 
be no substitute for this. There is no other possible 
way in which the women of the nation can organize 
their influence and power that will tell so beneficially 
upon society and the state. — Scribner's Monthly. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13, 1906. 




By P. B. fITZWATER, North Manchester, Indiana. 


I. The Preface. " I am the Lord thy God which 
brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the 
house of bondage." The command is based upon the 
truth set forth in the preface. Two great thoughts 
underlie this preface, viz., what the Lord is and what 
he did. What he did is asserted to be their deliver- 
ance from Egyptian bondage. What he is is embodied 
in the expression, " The Lord thy God." " The Lord 
thy God " is literally " Jehovah-Elohim." " Elohim 
signifies mighty power. This is the name by which 
the Lord revealed himself until the time of his revela- 
tion to Moses at the burning bush. 

At that time he makes himself known by his new 
name— Jehovah. In God's definition of his own name 
in Ex. 3: 14 and Ex. 6: 2, 3, three great truths are set 
forth, viz.: 

(a) His all-sufficiency, " I am that I am." All that 
he is and does centers in himself. He cannot go out- 
side of himself for terms in which to define himself. 

(b) His sovereignty. There is no being above him. 
He is outside and above every being in the universe. 

' The very contemplation of this will lead us to con- 
secrate ourselves to him. We will surrender- all that 
we have and are to him. 

(c) His unchangeableness, " I am that I am " may 
be expanded into " I am what I was," " I will be what 
I am." This is exactly what was in the apostle's mind 
when he said, " The same yesterday, to-day, and for- 
ever." The contemplation of this will strengthen our 
faith. We shall know him to be the same kind Fa- 
ther in sorrow and affliction as in joy and prosperity. 

Jehovah is the covenant name. The Jehovah of 
the Old Testament is the Jesus Christ of the New. 
Testament. In fact, throughout the progress of God's 
revelation the name Jehovah remains constant. Dif- 
ferent words are attached to this one when he would 
reveal himself more fully. Something of the riches 
of the revelation may be seen in the following: 

1 Jchovah-Tsidkenn. Jer. 33:16. The Lord our 
Righteousness. He appears as the righteousness of 
his people. The Jews had no righteousness of their 
own, neither had the Gentiles. It was only when 
Jehovah took the place of the sinner and gave the 
sinner his place that any could plead righteousness 
before God. By faith we stand in his room. 

2 Jehovah-Mekaddaschem. Ex. 31 : 13. Jehovah 
our Sanctifier. Sanctify here is used in its primary 
sense. There is much confusion and foolishness in 
the minds of the people because they think that they 
must sanctify themselves, forgetting that in the ab- 
solute sense of the term they must be sanctified by 
the Lord, if ever they are sanctified at all. 

3 Jehovah-Jireh. Gen. 22: IS. Jehovah will pro- 
vide. Jehovah is first to his people, righteousness; 
then their sanctifier. He is next their provider. When 
we give ourselves entirely up to the Lord, he assumes 
all responsibility as to our support. It is our busi- 
ness to live entirely for him ; it is his concern to look 
after our needs. The believer's relation to the Lord 
is beautifully set forth by the figure of marriage. 
When a woman gives up her life to the man, it be- 
comes his duty to provide for her. It is her business 
to live entirely for him. " My God shall supply all 
vour needs according to his riches in glory by Christ 
Tesus." Philpp. 4: 19. 

'A.Jehovah-Shalom. Judges 6: 24. Jehovah our 
Peace Knowing him as my righteousness, sanctifica- 
tion and provider, I will have peace. Peace of con- 
science, because my standing is in Jesus Christ. Peace 
of mind, because all my wants he will supply. This 
is the same kind of peace our children enjoy. They 
look to their parents to supply their needs. They have 

absolute confidence in our ability to supply their needs. 
" Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whose mind 
is stayed upon thee." 

5. Jehovah-Nissi. Ex. 17: 15. Jehovah our Ban- 
ner. The banner is very important. The Christian 
life is a warfare. TheLord is the banner which leads 
us onward in the struggle. There need be no question 
in our minds as to the outcome of the struggle. 
Through his name we shall come out more than con- 

6. Jehova-h-Rophcca. Ex. 15: 26. Jehovah our 
Healer. Though in the conflict of life we sometimes 
get our eyes off the "Lord our banner," and the ene- 
my gets the advantage over us, and we fall wounded 
on the battlefield, let us not be disheartened, lest the 
Lord will not receive us. Remember that the same 
one who is your banner is the one who healeth you. 
If we fall it is our duty at once to confess our sins, 
and at once step into the ranks again, opposing the 
enemy. " If we confess our sins he is just and faith- 
ful to forgive our sins and to cleanse us from all un- 
righteousness." Many are the snares and pitfalls laid 
for us. If we stumble and fall he will pardon and 

7. Jehovah-Rohi. Psa. 23: 1. Jehovah, our Shep- 
herd. When we know him as all that has gone be- 
fore, we can lie down in green pastures, beside the 
still waters, because we shall not want. As the sheep 
have only to abide in the fold and enjoy the gracious 
promises of the good shepherd, so we can commit 
our ways entirely to the Lord. " They that know thy 
name will put their trust in thee." Psa. 9: 10. 

II The Commandment. " Thou shalt have no other 
gods before me." Ex. 20: 3. If the mighty God has 
become all that the preface sets forth to he true, 
surely this commandment is a most reasonable re- 
quirement. Instead of being arbitrary and severe it 
is benevolence in the highest degree. It is the wise 
and loving Father giving wise counsel to Ins children 
to prevent them from going astray. Man is a worship- 
ful being. In his very being he demands a God. Ev- 
ery human being has his god. It is either the true 
God or a false god. Life itself, with all of its ac- 
tivities, is worship. The center, around which the ac- 
tivities of our lives revolve, is a god. It is easy to 
determine whether we are worshipers of the true God 
or of a false one by noticing that which is uppermost 
in our hearts. 

Unfortunately many in this land to-day "fear the 
Lord and serve other gods." Many men go on m 
ways of unrighteousness, trying to mix a little religion 
with it so as to ease their own conscience, or to blind 
the eyes of the people. To all such the words of the 
Master come, " Ye cannot serve God and mammon, 
•■ No man can serve two masters." 

Obedience to his command means single-hearted 
service Literally this means, "Thou shalt have no 
other gods before my face." Since he sees every- 
thing, yes, even our secret thoughts, what folly to give 
him anything but whole-hearted service! 

Ill How this Commandment May be Broken. 
In view of the fact that the activities of our lives 
constitute worship, it is easy to determine as to wheth- 
er we are guilty of idolatrous worship or not. 

1 If one is living for himself mainly, he is an 
idolater. If his activities gather around himself he 
worships himself. 

2 By keeping pleasure as the goal of our living, 
spending our time and money for sensual enjoyment, 
we violate this commandment. 

3 By living lives of cruelty. The very spirit of 
Moloch worship among the heathen was cruelty. 
Those heathen worshipers of Moloch have many de- 
scendants alive to-day. Many men and women are 

cruel to themselves. They overwork, overeat, violate 
the laws of health in their pursuit of pleasure, etc. 
Men are cruel to animals, they overwork them, do not 
feed and properly care for their horses. Men shoot 
birds and game for the sport that is in it. In the 
name of patriotism nearly five hundred lives were 
cruelly taken the last Fourth of July, besides many 
thousands that were injured. There is a great dis- 
regard for lives to-day in many ways, such as railroad 
wrecks, crowding people into tenement houses, etc. 

4. By worshiping the goddess of lust. In ancient 
times there was the worship of Baal which was at 
heart the rankest licentiousness. There is no denying 
the fact that one of the greatest curses in our land is 
the sin of impurity. There is no use denying the fact 
that it is dreadfully on the increase. Myriads of men 
are worshiping at the shrine of the fallen goddess of 
Venus. Oh, the untold number of victims that are 
sacrificed on this altar annually 1 

5. By the worship of mammon. Paul in Col. 3: 5 
calls covetousness idolatry. This is an age of greed 
for gold. Men are selling principle for gold. If ever 
there was an age when the Christian church stood in- 
dieled before the bar of God it is now. Would that 
the thunders of Sinai were sounding forth to-day in 
the ears of men. " Thou shalt have no other gods be- 
fore me." 
'.•forth Manchester, hid. 


THREE thousand years ago the call for soul winners 
was embodied in the glad refrain, " lie that winneth 
souls is wise." They that be wise shall shine as the 
brightness of the firmament and they that turn many 
to righteousness as the stars forever and ever. 

That call, coming down through the ages, was re- 
peated and emphasized at the beginning of the Chris- 
tian era, by him who was the greatest soul-winner the 
world has ever known. 

His years of ministry, though few in number, were 
filled with efforts to " rescue the perishing." Not to 
condemn, but to save, came he into the world. Soul- 
winning, soul-saving was bis mission, and is the mis- 
sion of every spirit-filled follower of this age. My 
brother, my sister, what are we doing to fulfill that 
mission? Hear his call, " Behold the fields are white 
unto harvest. Thrust in thy sickel and reap, for the 
time has come for thee to reap, for the harvest of the 
earth is ripe." " Go teach all nations," win souls, 
•• and lo, I am with you alway." May this his last 
command and promise burn into our very souls until 
we, will. Isaiah, can say: "Here am 1, Lord; send 
me " use me how and where you will. 

Ever since man, by sin, fell, and must needs be won 
hack to the Father, God has purposed that these un- 
saved souls must be won by the efforts of the saved. 
It has been said that God alone can save the world, 
but God cannot save the world alone. He must work 
through man, and every Christian is, or should be, 
hi, agent, his mediator. Be it to the foreign field, 
or in the home field, to the community, or in the fami- 
ly every Christian can and must be an instrument ,n 
, ; d' S hands to win souls for him. The call, then 
comes to every Christian to be a soul-winner for God. 
Do von ask, How win souls? Can all forsake home 
and business and enter the field? Ah, my Christian 
friend, God does not ask it of all, but right where you 
are he may want your service. 

I can conceive of no condition or circumstance in 
which we may be placed where we cannot shine for 
Jesus, and a true light shines brightest '"the darkest 
Place Live the Christ-life, let his Spirit dwell richly 
within, and its holy, sanctifying influence must be 
felt It will melt the hard heart of the sinner, even 
a, the sun's rays melt the cold ice. We cannot hope 
to raise others to a higher life than we ourselves are 
living. Then let Christ in. Let the world see we 
have been with Jesus. Without him we can do noth- 
ing; through him, all things. 

Some one has said that all the good books the world 
needs are what they read in God's children, and the 
c-ves of the world take in more than the ear. Our lives 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13, 1906. 

are the language through which God speaks to the 
world Paul tells us we are living epistles, known 
and read of all man. Christian friend, would 
you win souls for Jesus? Would you point them to 
'the Lamb of God who only can take away their sins. 
Let them see Christ in you, and daily pray, " Purer 
in heart, O God, help me to be." 

<\.gain if you would be a soul-winner, watch tor 
opportunities. Many are the golden opportunities we 
lose to influence others for Christ, because of our 
indifference, because we are too much wrapped up 
in self Let self-emancipation be our one aim, and 
soon will our eyes be opened to countless ways of do- 
ing good. They come to us every day. 

" If you cannot cross the ocean, 
And the heathen lands explore. 
You can find the heathen nearer, 
You can help them at your door. 

'■ If you cannot speak like angels, 
If you cannot preach like Paul, 
You can tell the love of Jesus, 
You can say he died for all." 

Well may each one of us earnestly ask ourselves, 
■' What am I doing to win souls for Christ ? " " What 
am I doing to save from misery, shame and degrada- 
tion to a life of purity, joy and usefulness ? " " What 
am I doing to save from the torments of hell for the 
glories of heaven?" When we shall hear that aw- 
ful doom pronounced, " Depart from me, I never knew 
you," how many of us will have to exclaim, " Lost 
for want of a word, a word that I might have spo- 
ken " ? 

" When we in the judgment stand, 
In ilial mighty company, 
And ihe Judge shall question us. 
Oh, what shall our answer be?" 

On the other hand, if we have heeded the call, if 
we are living the Christ-life, if we are seeking oppor- 
tunities for doing good, what a glorious reward will 
be ours. Souls for our hire, joy, peace and happiness 
within, the Father's smile of approval, rejoicing among 
the angels, and at last a place at the Savior's right 
hand, where we shall shine as the stars forever and 
ever. Shall you? Shall I? 

" I hearcl-a voice speak from the skies, 

The one that winneth souls is wise, 

And as the stars shall shine, 
Who from the dreadful ways of sin 
A soul shall turn that soul shall win; 

This joy shall now be thine. 

" Go, search for jewels day by day, 
Go, take them from the miry clay 
To Calvary's open fount. 

The blood thai eleanseth sin-stained souls, 
And ever flowing onward rolls 
Down from the sacred mount. 

"There in that purifying stream 
How gloriously those gems will gleam, 
Such precious gems of God. 

Souls, deathless souls, that once were 
Bui ransomed at tile priceless cost 
Of our Redeemer's blood. 

" Great Savior, let thy tender love 
Our hearts to earnest efforts move, 
To rescue sinners lost. 

Lei this most blessed work be mine. 

To gather gems for Christ to shine, 
Souls his own life-blood have cost." 

Union Bridge, Md. 



But I say unto you. Swear not at all. — Matt. 5: 34. 
The relation between God and man and his fellow- 
man, financially, socially and religiously, is such as to 
require the utmost confidence between the different 
parties concerned, so as to make man's mission satis- 
factory and successful. This is proven by the f ct 
that man's life has ever been a miserable failure v h- 
out faith. Without faith it is impossible to please I >d. 
Heb. 11: 6. And if God is not pleased we wil. be 

disappointed in the end. No man liveth to himself, 
and no man dieth to himself. Rom. 14: 7. Our in- 
terests are so interwoven that success or failure on 
our part will likely affect others in the same way. 
Especially is this true religiously. 

When our foreparents believed Satan they lost con- 
fidence in God and in one another. Man became de- 
ceitful and treacherous, like Satan. Every brother will 
utterly supplant (Jer. 9: 4), and persecution and 
bloodshed and murder were the fruits of this loss 
of confidence. Mankind sought to remedy the evil by 
promises, vows and oaths. This brought some relief, 
but sometimes only aggravated the evil, as the de- 
ceiver would take advantage of this arrangement to 
secure the confidence of his fellow-beings. The heart 
is deceitful above all things and desperately wicked, 
ler. 17 : 9. It is the fountain of sin, and a promise or 
an oath cannot change the heart. 

The habit of swearing was very common in the 
days of Moses and was practiced in four different 
ways: first, by the name of the living God; second, 
by the name of some other being or object; third, 
swearing falsely ; fourth, swearing profanely. " Them 
of old time," that is, Moses and the prophets, corrected 
this evil to a great extent as they did other evils and 
limited the people to one name that is to swear by, 
the living God. We find false swearing forbidden 
(Zech. 5: 4), profane swearing (Ex. 20: 7). By 
some other being or object, Isa. 65 : 16. The phrase, 
" But I say unto you," evidently implies that the Sa- 
vior intended to teach us more on this subject of 
swearing than those of old time had taught. What 
more could he teach than to set aside the practice al- 
together? And this is surely the logical import of 
this scripture, and it does seem strange that such 
eminent commentators as Dr. Barnes seem so puz- 
zled to understand it. " But above all things, my 
brethren, swear not." James 5: 12. The apostle James 
in this practical epistle calls the attention of his breth- 
ren to a number of evil habits that they should avoid. 
And does not this language imply that this is about 
the worst thing a Christian can do? Because in tak- 
ing an oath he would deny the claims of the Gospel. 
It claims to be the power of God unto salvation, con- 
verting or changing the heart, making the untruthful 
man truthful, the dishonest man honest, so he can 
he trusted, so he would rather tell the truth than the 
untruth. There is this difference between a Christian 
and a worldling: The Christian is governed from 
within — " The kingdom of God is within you " — the 
worlding from without, by civil rule. This was abun- 
dantly proven in this country during the civil war 
when the law could not be executed. Many were gov- 
erned only by passion. The Christian is controlled 
by love, the worldling by fear. 

When the professing Christian takes an oath in fhe 
courtroom or elsewhere it implies that his religion 
is a faiure, and he is controlled just like a worldling. 
Wayland, in his work on moral science, says this: 
" Some Christians seem to believe that the Gospel 
forbids the taking of an oath by a Christian and they 
have good grounds for their belief. And it has been 
noticed in courts of justice that the testimony of wit- 
nesses who will not take an oath is more reliable than 
that of those who are sworn. Quite reasonable. If a 
man is too conscientious to disobey the Gospel by 
taking an oath, will he not likewise be too conscien- 
tious to tell the untruth ? " 

We do not object to the practice of the government 
qualifying men for official service by administering 
an oath. The Jewish law not only tolerated but re- 
quired this in certain cases. Those who will not be 
controlled by the Gospel when entrusted with the in- 
terests of others should be controlled otherwise, and an 
oath is sometimes better than nothing. When God 
could swear by no greater, he swore by himself. Heb. 
ti: 13. He did this to accommodate himself to human 
unbelief. The gTeat trouble seemed to be to recover 
man's confidence. But now he commands all men to 
repent and believe the Gospel. How grateful we 
American people should be for the liberty of con- 
science which our government grants. 
W'arrensbnrg, Mo. 



These things I command you, that ye love one another. 
If. the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before 
it hated you. If ye were of the world, the world would 
love his own; but I have chosen you out of the world, 
therefore the world liateth you. — John 15: 17, 18, 19. 

And 1 heard another voice from heaven saying, Come 
out of her, my people, that ye be no; partakers of her 
sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues. — Rev. 18:4. 

Since it is a fact that many professing Christians, 
and those occupying official positions in the popular 
churches, have united with the various secret societies, 
it becomes a question whether it is consistent for those 
who profess to be followers of the meek and lowly 
Jesus to unite with said organizations; or whether 
God will recognize those as his children, in the day 
of final accounts, who do. 

The Brethren church has always forbidden any of 
its members joining such societies. And if they be- 
long to any secret society when they apply for mem- 
bership into the church, they must first withdraw their 
membership from such society before they can obtain 
fellowship in the Brethren church. This being our 
practice, we will try by the grace of God to defend 
such practice. 

First: The Gospel of Christ is declared to be a 
"perfect law of liberty." Psa. 19: 7; James 1: 25. 
Hence, if the law by which Christians are governed 
is perfect, they need no aid through human organiza- 
tions to improve or complete their Christian characters. 
Christianity embraces all the good that is to be found 
in any of them, and much more. Do they boast of 
their benevolence? It is confined to their own order, 
while the law of Christ says, " As we have opportuni- 
ty, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them 
who are of the household of faith." Gal. 6: 10. There- 
fore we, if we are Christians, are not allowed to con- 
fine our benevolence to those of our own order ; but 
our sympathies must reach out after all who are in dis- 
tress. However, we may give those who are of the 
household of faith the preference. 

Second. The apostle Paul says, 2 Cor. 6 : 14 to 18, 
inclusive: " Be not unequally yoked together with un- 
believers : for what fellowship hath righteousness with 
unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with 
darkness? and what concord hath Christ with Belial? 
or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel? 
and what agreement hath the temple of God with 
idols ? for ye are the temple of the living God ; as God 
hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them, 
and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 
Therefore come out from among them, and be ye 
separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean 
thing; and I will receive you, and ye shall be my sons 
and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty." There 
might be more similar passages produced, but we have 
quoted the above in full, and will let it suffice. 

The apostle's language shows plainly that as little 
communion as light has with darkness, just so little 
fellowship hath he that believeth with an unbeliever, 
or infidel. We all know, by common observation, that 
light and darkness cannot dwell together; but when 
light approaches darkness must withdraw her curtains. 
In view of the above plain declaration of Scripture 
and facts, how can we expect to be recognised as God's 
children if we unite in fellowship with infidels, atlie- 
ists, and Mohammedans? for all such are admitted 
into secret societies. 

Third. It is wrong for Christians to unite with 
them, because they are oaih-bcntnd, and the Gospel 
says. " Swear not at all." Matt. 5 : 34. And James 
says, " My brethren, above all things, swear not." 
James 5:12. 

Fourth. It is contrary to the teachings of the Gos- 
pel for Christians to identify themselves with such 
societies, because they do not recognize the name of 
Christ in their lodges. They address God the Father 
in their religious exercises, but are not allowed to use 
the name of his Son, the Lord Jesus Christ. 

In view of the above facts, that all secret societies 
are of human origin, and only worldly organizations, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13. 1906. 


and all the good they have they borrow from the 
Bible, and have much that the Gospel of Christ for- 
bids, how can those who profess the Christian name 
unite with and enter into fellowship with such un- 
godly and unchristian societies? 

Christianity as far exceeds all human organizations 
as the sun outshines the moon in brilliancy ; and as all 
the light of the moon is borrowed from the sun, so 
all the good they have they borrow from God's Book. 

Mt. Morris, III. 

■ > i 



Our blessed Savior while here on earth, in teaching 
us what is required of us if we be his disciples, gave 
us two lessons on counting the cost: that of an un- 
thoughtful builder and that of a rash warrior. The 
former was obliged to leave his structure unfinished 
because he began building before counting the cost; 
and the latter being defeated or asking for peace pre- 
vious to the battle, having hastily declared war before 
considering the strength of his own or his enemy's 

no we count the cost when attempting to be one of 
Christ's followers ? Sacrifices and self-denial must be 
expected if we enter Christ's services. We should 
show by our conduct and daily living that we have 
very little respect for riches and worldly pleasures 
compared to our great love for him who doeth all 
things well. Judas, when he had delivered his Master 
into the hands of the council, was filled with deepest 
remorse for what he had done. He confessed openly 
and offered the high priests and elders the money 
they had given him for betraying the innocent Jesus. 
'and earnestly wished he could recall the fatal night. 
He was an example of the fatal influence of covetous- 
ness, because of which he betrayed his blessed Master 
for thirty pieces of silver. " For what shall it profit 
a man if he gain the whole world and lose his own 
soul ? " The great truth is, he had not counted the 
cost! Peter realized he had not counted the cost, after 
denying that he had ever been a follower of Jesus, 
when he remembered the sayings of Jesus, for he 
wept bittcrlv. Saul was a willing servant after he 
was blinded' by the light from heaven. He was con- 
vinced of his folly for persecuting the Christians and 
realized what it meant to count the cost: but he de- 
sired to be one of Christ's disciples, forhe cried out, 
" Lord, what wilt thou have me to do ? " 

Christ's mission on earth was to deal with the soul, 
to show the owner the real value of it. and to plead 
for poor, fallen humanity. Shall we not count the 
cost when starting in the services of the blessed Mas- 
ter-' He gave his life for us upon the cross, regardless 
of the great cost. He paid the great debt, bearing the 
heavy burden with patience and resignation, leaving 
for us an example that we should follow in his steps. 
Great is the cost to enter the strait gate, for narrow is 
the wav that leadeth untcr life, but blessed is the man 
that endureth temptation : for when he is tried, he shall 
receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath prom- 
ised to them that love him. 

" Jesus paid it all. 
All to him I owe; 
Sin has left a crimson stain. 
He'll wash it white as snow." 

White Cottage, Ohio, 

38. And again, " If any man will come after me, let 
him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow 
me." Matt. 16: 24. And Luke 9: 23 says, "Take 
up his cross daily, and follow me." 

This being so frequently mentioned would indicate 
that it is of much importance. It must be clear to 
every good thinker that if we are not counted worthy 
of Jesus we cannot be saved. Here we should each 
call a halt, and put the question. Am I a soldier of 
the cross ? And we should not give it up till we ob- 
tain a positive answer. Then we might read 1 John 
3: 20, which says, " If our heart condemn us, God 
is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things." 
Paul said to young Timothy, "Thou therefore en- 
dure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ." 2 
Tim. 2 : 3. 

What is a cross to me may not be a cross to you. 
But each of us has now, or has had, his cross. What 
was a cross to me at one time is not so now. As time 
passes on with us, we will be able to overcome our 
earlier troubles. But if we do not take up our cross, 
we can never gain the victory. Jesus bore the cross 
before he put the enemy to flight. What the heart 
is set upon, that is not in harmony with God's Word, 
is where our cross comes in. Some men seem to have 
-uch a love for tobacco that it would be a great cross 
to them if they were required to cease its use. Yet 
they confess that it is a filthy habit. And 2 Cor. 7 : 1 
is not pleasant to them, for it says. " Having there- 
fore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse our- 
selves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, per- 
fecting holiness in the fear of God." The lusts of the 
flesh have to be brought into subjection before we 
can reach the ideal life and walk as Jesus walked. 
We hope to be like Jesus in the next world. But if 
we expect to attain to that glorious condition over 
there, we must take up our cross here, and walk in 
his footprints. 1 John 3 : 2 says. " Beloved, now are 
we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what 
we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, 
we shall be like him." etc. 

Many seem to think it a great cross to wear the 
style of dress recommended by our conference. But 
if they wili compare that cross with the one Jesus 
bore for them they will soon feel that their cross is a 
verv light one indeed. Let us all view Jesus with a 
crown of thorns on his head. Matt. 27 : 25-30. And 
again view him on his knees and hear him pray, and 
see the bloody sweat falling to the ground. Luke 22: 
41.44. And then each one consider himself as one 
for whom he endured all these fearful burdens, and 
our crosses will vanish like chaff before the wind. 
Then we will be ready to ask, Am I a soldier of the 

was in our midst in these humble homes. On Christmas 
day a chicken dinner was served to the mission children; 
about sixty in number. 

In response to our hint some time since in the Messen- 
ger, in regard to our need of Bibles for the mission chil- 
dren, we received donations to the amonnt of $19.24. 
Some came from individuals, some from a Sunday-school 
class in Ohio; a sister in Iowa sent us $12.10, which she 
had solicited for the purpose; and a dear little girl in Illi- 
nois had her mother take the money from her bank and 
buy a Bible which she sent for some poor child who had 
none. At Christmas we purchased a dozen neat little Bi- 
ble* and presented them to the older children. They all 
seemed to appreciate it very much, and to-day brought 

them to the class eager to make use of them. The moth- 
ers, as well as the children, were much pleased with the 
gift, ami we trust they, too, will learn to love and obey its 
sacred teachings. The remainder of this money will he 
kept as a Bible fund to draw from whenever more Bibles 
are needed, Sadie Wine 

12 s Boekc St., Kansas City. Kans. 


" Write rvbat tbou Kent, and .end It unto the churcricn." 



Many of us claim to be followers of Jesus. But are 
we soldiers of the cross? A Christian is one who is 
living the " Christ life." It is one thing to profess to 
be friends of Jesus, and quite another to show up the 
true proofs of discipleship. Jesus says, " If ye love 
me, keep my commandments." John 14: 15. And 
he also says, "And he that taketh not his cross, and 
followeth after me, is not worthy of me." Matt. 10: 

During the month of November and December there 
were one hundred and eighty-five house-to-house vistls 
made- one hundred and fifty-two garments donated; twen 
,v-seven cottage services; twenty-four children's serv.ces; 
sixteen prayer meetings; and sixteen preaching services 

On Thanksgiving day some friends met at the mission 
to assist the workers in distributing provisions to he 
poor A number of baskets were filled with substantial 
viands. We divided ourselves into I wo parlies. We 
climbed bluffs, traveled over stony roads into waste plates 
"where dwell the wretchedly poor." First we entered 
„r rather crept into, a little tent, dingy with smoke and 
dust; no ventilation, no sunlight and only a few pieces of 
the rudest kind of furniture on the bare ground. Here 
,he mother had been sick abed for several weeks, and at 
the time was barely able to be about. The father IS cruel 
and dissipated, consequently the wife and two little boys 
are frequently in want. To them the basket was most 
welcome, and many were their expressions of gratitude. 

In another home (?) were four motherless children. 
,„ another .he sole occupant was a poor, old blind col- 
ored woman, and so on. Ten families were helped. Ail 
were grateful not only for the food, but also for a copy 
of the Gospel Messenger, which we left ,n each home. 
Several remarked that they bad read and reread the 
copies they had had before. A short prayer service was 
held at each place and all felt that the fr.end of the poor 


The district mission board of Oregon, Washington and 
Idaho met to-day in the city of Portland, Oregon, Three 

of the live brethren composing the board were present. 

The greater pari of the two days was spent in session. 
I lilt district is so large, anil tile work so complicated. 
that to hold hut one board meeting a year, which always 
comes in connection with our district meeting, is simply 
lo neglect the work 

Finding work in baud, needing immediate attention, we 
were called by 'he foreman lo meet as stated. 

The grcai needs of the district arc more consecrated 
workers to put in the held with those already at work, 
with sufficient funds lo maintain the work. In some 
places ;i house of worship Is the one great need; in others 
we have empty bouses, needing both shepherd and dock. 

Upon our lisl of petitions are six urgcnl calls from as 
many localities, where the work has already begun in some 
nay, pleading tor aid In laborers and means from our 

We arc handicapped in many ways. The first cmbar- 
rnssmcnl is lack of funds lo pill in the field the workers 
thai .in' available. The next is a dearth of consecrated 
laborers t" fill the places crying for help. 

fn our city work we feci sensibly the need of half a 
dozen oi more "i consecrated sisters, well equipped in 
the vn lues and graces thai characterize those who are 
sisters indeed. We cannol use such neither can any 
other mission board as feel uneasy and uncomfortable 

upon the street because they arc allired as sisters. They 
tilUKl feel bappv in lite modesty thai relic-Is the highest 
prices of their ses an, I station Or they waken the cause 

f.,r which they pretend to be advocates. The right sisier 
!„ ii„. right place is a potent power in city work. 

[•hi Portland mission is yel in ils infancy. The under, 
laking in this great iiorllnvesl city is a grealcr under, 
taking than in any other city i" which missions have 
been attempted in the United Stales. It must stand alone. 
N„ strong congregation just outside the city limits to 

lean upon for counsel and for ministerial aid; but the 
conditions are such lhal the members of the mission 
hoard live over four hundred miles away. 

Brother and Sisier Carl are in charge of the work. A 
suitable sistei who has had some experience ill clly mis- 
.,o,i work is greatly needed lo aid in the work. One 

, , qualification of sisters for city mission work is lo 

,„ „ complished i" the an and much of the science of 
vocal music. A good leader in song will ai tract hear- 
ers not only attract, hut hold them. 

May the l.ord bless the missions of his people every- 

. J. Harman Stover, 

where. J 

I ekoa. Wash.. Dec. 27. 


In reading the Mes-cnger from lime to time, 1 notice 

, ,|| from different parts of the country for someone to 

d , , „„,,„„ or help in mission work. I 

,„!,., plea io, Ritzvillc and Weber, 

, ,,' I here is no organized church of the Brethren in 
, HiJ purl of the country and only a few members; but 
surely there should be churches and mission points all 
over the State. Nowhere in the West do the people need 
the pure Gospel more than they do here. How ready 
they would be to accept .he Gospel as taught by the Breth- 
ren. 1 cannot say. None of the brethren, so far as 

i , have ever preached in this part of the State. I 

bave lived here nearly four years and have not heard a 
sermon preached by our people during that time. 

| ,|o long and pray for Bre.hrcn lo locate here and 
„„-!, the people the ways of the true religion There are 
different denominations around us, but they do no live 
, ,„ ,„e teaching, of .he Gospel. I have been a. dif- 
ferent churches, but I cannot feel at home with any of 
ibem. There is too much pride and M-**^ 
of God. 

Weber. Wash,, Dec. 24. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13, 1906. 



I received a beautiful thought along the line of 
primary Sunday-school work the other day while read- 
ing how plants are cared for in the greenhouse. 
There is one department in which all the tiny plants 
are started and grown until they are ready to bloom. 
They must be watched carefully and handled skill- 
fully. They must have sunshine, water, and loose, 
rich soil. Everything must be favorable to growth, 
and he who cares for them must understand plant 
life and the needs of each one. 

Our primary department has often been called the 
nursery of the church ; and a very fitting name it is. 
It is the place where the young, tender lives are mold- 
ed and shaped for future usefulness ; where they are 
taught the truths of Christ and trained for the church 
and" her work. It is here our future ministers, teach- 
ers, missionaries, church leaders and influential men 
are receiving their most important lessons, necessary 
for the work which will be placed upon them. 

I was thinking of it from the teacher's point of 
view. If so much depends upon this department ; if 
the prosperity of our beloved church, the welfare of 
our schools and colleges, and, greatest of all, the 
saving of souls, is largely in the hands of the primary 
Sunday school, what is the responsibility of the teach- 
er? It can not be measured. Just as the nurseryman 
must understand the needs of each and every one of 
his plants, so must the teacher understand and study 
the needs of each and every one of her pupils. She 
must study the Bible daily that she may help them 
to live in the sunshine of God's love. She must pray 
daily that she may be able to prepare their hearts, as 
rich soil, for the reception of the Word. Then she 
must give them the water of life. She must watch 
over them carefully; day in, day out, they must be her 
constant care. She must be patient and kind, and 
remembering that her life is being lived in the lives 
of her pupils and her influence being felt by them, 
her life should be as nearly like the Master's life as 
possible. Oh, teachers, do we realize our responsi- 
bility in this great work? 

May God bless the primary Sunday school, and help 
us as teachers to consecrate our lives more fully to 
him, that we may better train those tender plants for 
his service. 

Ml. Morris, 111. 

in me a clean heart, O God," and every other mortal 
who is alive to his best and eternal interests lifts his 
soul to God, weighted with the same holy desire. 

A pure heart is a benediction to humanity, and an 
everlasting honor to him who is ever able and willing 
to wash us in the soul-cleansing blood of the Lamb 
of Calvary. And the blessed Savior crowns all puri- 
fied lives with this imperial crown of eternal life: 
" Blessed are the pure in heart ; for they shall see 

Mt. Pleasant, Pa. 




In view of the following witnesses and facts I an- 
swer, Yes. The witnesses referred to below testify 
to the correctness of my answer: Jesus Christ (Matt. 
3: 13). The Pentecostians (Acts 2: 41). Men and 
women of Samaria (Acts 8: 12). The eunuch (Acts 
8: 36). Saul (Acts 9: 18). Cornelius (Acts 10: 48). 
Lydia (Acts 16: 15). The jailer (Acts 16: 33). 
Crispus (Acts 18: 8). The twelve disciples rebap- 
tizcd (Acts 19: 5). These ten witnesses, or witnesses 
on ten different occasions, give no uncertain testimony. 

Besides these, God sent John to institute baptism ; 
and why should he send a man to do a thing that was 
of no importance? Christ would not take up the 
work of redeeming the world until he had received 
water baptism. He must have thought it important. 
Again, Christ made and baptized more disciples than 
John (John 4: 1, 2), and why should he engage in an 
unimportant work? His last command was. "Go, 
teach all nations, baptizing them," etc. (Matt. 28: 
19), and why should a crucified and resurrected Christ 
give a command of no importance? 

The careful reader can correctly decide this matter 

once forever. And is it not an act of presumption, 

misleading and sinful, for any Christian to say that 

baptism is of no importance ? 

Trinity, Va. 

■ » ■ 



The heart is the source and center of all life, natural 
and spiritual. Without a heart, no life whatever can 
exist. It is the most vital and essential element in 
any body, because from it flows the life-sustaining 
stream, imparting vital force to every particle of mat- 
ter in that body. Truly, as Solomon says, " Out of it 
are the issues of life." 

What is true of the heart in a physical sense is 
equally, and in a nobler sense, true spiritually. The 
issues of spiritual life, either good or bad, spring 
from the heart, or seat of the affections. As an im- 
pure life is the product of an impure heart, so a clean 
heart issues in a clean life. The affections are always 
a sure test of character. " Out of the abundance of 
the heart the mouth speaketh." and the life is lived. 

A pure heart is the essence of God in man, and 
originates in the very heart of the Eternal One. It is 
a crystal fountain 'neath the throne of God, sparkling 
in heavenly glory, and flowing into the magnificent 
stream of Christian manhood. The infinite Christ- 
love permeates every drop of it, continuously broaden- 
ing into the boundless ocean of life everlasting. 

The rarest gem in earth's sands is a pure, Christ- 
filled heart. Rubies cannot equal its priceless worth. 
It is the most precious thing on earth. Worldly rich- 
es, honor, power and education bear no comparison 
with it, because they belong to earth, and will end with 
it, while the issues and profits of a heaven-filled heart 
are eternal. The Psalmist realized the surpassing 
value of a pure character, when he prayed. " Create 




Scripture Reading, 1 Cor. 12:1-19. 
I. The Sunday School. 

1. Come Regularly .Micah 4: 2 

2 Have Lessons Well Studied 2 Tim. 2:15 

3. Bring Olhers Along Neh. 13:11 

4. Teach if Requested Titus 3: I 

II. Christian Workers' Meetings. 

1. Count Yourself a Member 2 Cpr. 6: 1 

2. Improve Your Opportunily, lohn 9:4 

3. Work as if for a Prize Nell. 4: 6 

4. Give Inspiration to the Preaching Service, .... 

Psa. 119: 126 

III. The Preaching Service Itself. 

1. Pray for Your Pastor, James 5: 16 

2. Be Devotional Isa. 16: 12 

3. Speak Encouraging Words to Him. 

I. The Sunday School— The object of the Sunday school 
is '" to bring souls to Christ, and build souls up in Christ." 
Outside of good home culture no better place for train 
ing our children spiritually can be found than the Sunday 
schools. It prepares souls for Christ and teaches thein 
how to live Christ. If one desires to make heaven his 
home, he should not neglect the Sunday school. To re- 
tain interest avoid .absenting yourself. Go, rain or shine. 
Prepare your lesson throughout the week, then you will 
go anxious to recite. Go to teach if necessary. Invite 
others to go along with you. (Have an essay read on the 
value of the Sunday school.) 

II. Christian Workers' Meetings. — Are you a Christian? 
If so, you must be a worker. These meetings are some of 
your fields to work. Tend them well when you have such 
splendid opportunities. Labor therein as if the success of 
the meetings rested upon your activity. Step from a 
rousing Christian Workers' meeting into the preaching 
service, and the sermon will do you good, even though it 
be but an ordinary one. 

III. The Preaching Service Itself. — Prepare for religious 
service by prayer before going. Pray for yourself, other 
hearers, and the pastor. Center your mind on the ser- 
mon. Be attentive. Add to this kind and appreciative 
words to your pastor and the load will move! 


In the Sunday School Times Ira D. Sankey tells 
about some of his experiences with D. L. Moody, and 
in the course of his narrative has this to say concern- 
ing Gipsy Smith, the well-known gipsy preacher : 

" While holding meetings at Burdett Road, London, 
in 1874, Mr. Moody and I one Saturday took a drive 
out to Epping Forest. There we visited a gipsy camp. 
While stopping to speak to two brothers who had 
been converted and were doing good missionary work, 
a few young gipsy lads came up to our carriage. I 
put my hand on the head of one of them and said: 
' May the Lord make a preacher of you, my boy ! ' 

" Fifteen years later, when Gipsy Smith made his 
first visit to America, I had the pleasure of taking 
him for a drive in Brooklyn. While passing through 
Prospect Park he asked me : 

" ' Do you remember driving out from London one 
day to a gipsy camp at Epping Forest?' I replied 
that I did. ' Do you remember a little gipsy boy 
standing by your carriage,' he asked again, ' and you 
put your hand on his head, saying that you hoped 
that he would be a preacher?' 'Yes, I remember it 
well.' ' I am that boy.' said Gipsy Smith. My sur- 
prise can better be imagined than described. Little 
had I thought that the successful evangelist and fine 
gospel singer of whom I had heard so much, and 
whom I had so much admired, was the little boy I 
had met in the gipsy camp. Truly God had granted 
my wish, and had made a mighty preacher of the 
gipsy boy." 

Every day new relationships are forming around 
us : new circumstances are calling upon us to act — 
to act manfully, firmly, decisively, and up to the oc- 
casion, remembering that an opportunity once gone 
is gone forever. Indulge not in vain regrets for the 
past, in vainer resolves for the future — act, act in the 
present. — F. IV. Robertson. 

For Week Beginning January 21, 1906. 

Rom. 12:9. 

2 Cor. 9:8. Make good- 
It will make you great in 

I. What It Means for Us. 

1. To approve of the good, 
ness your chief study. 
God's sight. 

2. An earnest desire to be good. Psa. 34: 12-14. 
" The Cross, once seen, is death to every vice." 

3. To make it our every-day practice. Col. 1:10. 
" Fruitful in every good work." Christians are 
called fruit bearers and light bearers, and, if faith- 
ful, they are worthy of the name. 

II. How to be Accomplished. 

1. Understandingly. James 1:27. 
applied in a common-sense way. 
good results. 

2. Willingly. Titus 2: 14. No forced service, but 
joyful and ready compliance with all of God's 
commands. The true Christian is a volunteer sol- 
dier, ever faithful to his Captain. 

3. Energetically. Eccl. 11:6. A holy zeal 
prompt us to work ea 

4. Humbly. Rom. 12:3. Looking at ourselves, at 
our own shortcomings, who is it that would boast 
of himself? Trusting only in Christ's righteous- 
ness, we lean on him alone. 

III. Some Reasons Why. 

1. It is right. Micah 6:8. While, at times, we may- 
be uncertain as to what course to pursue, the Word 
never fails to point out the right. " He that run 
neth may read." 

2. It is honorable. Psa. 91 : IS, 16. God honors us, as 
we honor him by a godly walk and conversation. 

3. It is pleasant. Psa. 33: 21. With our sins forgiv- 
en, we can truly rejoice in the grace of God. 

4. It is profitable. 1 Tim. 4:8. Here is real profit! 
Earthly gain is often loss in the end. 
really pays, for time and eternity. 

Right principles 
/ill always bring 

persistently, success- 

This pays. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13. 1906. 




Don't lay it up — that bitter grudge— 
Against your friend or neighbor. 

Or dig about its hidden root 
With so much care and labor. 

Nay! Rather nobly pass it by. 

Or thrust it out to fade and die. 

You may be right and he be wrrong. 

Yet, if you do your duty 
And cultivate instead of hate 

The flower of love and beauty. 
The time may come when he may feel 
How grandly you with others deal. 

Don't lay it up, nor let a thought 
Of " sweet revenge " possess you, 

When tales untruthful reach your ears 
That trouble and distress you; 

Nor chase the wrong with bated breath, 

A lie will run itself to death. 

Instead build up an honest life 

Upon a sure foundation, 
And let the human castle walls 

Be strong as their formation. 
Then may you court earth's rudest 
Your house is built upon a rock. 

keenly and repents of his indifference and lack of 
fatherly care and love. Yes, he repents, but the ears 
that should hear it are closed. The heart that should 
feel the glow of love and joy given by a kind and 
sympathetic husband is stilled forever. It might have 
been different. 




A few years ago we took a trip across the country 
to the Pacific coast. We had never seen any moun- 
tains and had longed for the first glimpse of the Rock- 
ies. We had many times imagined how they looked, 
but mental pictures could not compare to the real. 

I shall never forget the first glimpse we had of 
them. So lofty, so grand, so awful in their silent 
solitude, standing there as mighty monitors pointing 
us to God. Created when the worlds were made, 
formed by the very hand of God ; surely it made us 
feel that we were in his immediate presence. 

Now and then we would get a glimpse of some soli- 
tary Indian wending his way up the heights, and we 
thought it was no wonder the Indian was so simple, 
living so close to nature, and he, too, has that feeling 
of reverence that " The Great Spirit " rules over all. 
A glimpse is of short duration, but many glimpses 
will cling to us as long as life lasts. 

Then we caught a glimpse of the California orange 
groves, with their wealth of fragrant blossoms and 
fruit, the palms, the beautiful flowers and all that go 
to make up that wonderful land and clime. 

Our first glimpse of the ocean thrilled us with awe. 
as it seemed to rise as a dark cloud before us in the 
distance. It seems to me that the more we see of this 
big world of nature, the nearer it brings us to God. 

How many brave mariners have fought with a 
storm at sea, and came near enough to get a glimpse 
of their desired haven, and then Were swallowed by 
the angry billows. Many a wife and mother has stood 
on the shore of the angry ocean, watching with long- 
ing eyes for a glimpse of a home-coming vessel, and 
then has seen it go down with all on hoard. 

We sometimes call at a home. The mother, with 
perhaps a large number of children, is there. She is 
careworn, nervous, and seems ready to sink with her 
family burdens. The husband comes with a careless 
look on his face. He seems to regard the children as 
a kind of nuisance. He commands them in harsh 
tones. They shrink from him. The mother holds a 
fretful babe' on her lap. The father does not offer to 
relieve her even for a little while. No kind words 
are spoken. The mother trudges on. A slave, shall 
we say? Glimpse No. 1. 

A few years are passed. We are again called to 
this home. A messenger has been here. A father 
and his motherless children stand around the casket. 
Oh, the bitter tears that are shed ! M other is gone. 
The funeral is over. The father's eyes begin to open. 
He sees himself differently than ever before. That 
long-quenched feeling of love and tenderness for his 
faithful wife springs up afresh. He feels his loss 

" Of all sad words of tongue or pen, 
The saddest are these: It might have been." 

Life is the time to make our loved ones happy, to 
lift their burdens and make them feel that we arc a 
helpmate in deed and in truth. 

Praise the Lord that not all homes are like the one 
described above. We visit some homes where love and 
sympathy reign. Each one finds his greatest joy in 
making the others happy. The little ones fly to papa's 
strong arms for sympathy and care. The wife hears 
the words of love and good cheer, and they lift the 
burdens from her life, and presently we hear the song 
of praise and gladness coming forth from her heart 
of gratitude. And the proverb is verified : "A merry 
heart doeth good like a medicine." A happy, united 
family! A little heaven on earth. 

We had long had a desire to visit our Publishing 
House at Elgin, but it seemed something always inter- 
fered. Last winter when we were in the northern 
part of the State we thought that now we would 
visit Elgin. As our meetings were nearing a close, on 
Sunday morning came a message that our dear moth- 
er was dying. We hastened homeward as soon as 
possible, passing through Elgin in the night. The 
city was all aglow with lights. We got glimpses of 
residences, stores, etc., but that was all. As we sped 
onward I wondered how many people desire to go to 
heaven, make some preparation and even get a glimpse 
into the eternal city, but must pass on. It is said that 
we are sure of but one thing in the world, and that 
is death. Then why not fully prepare for it, that we 
may not only get a glimpse of God and Christ and 
heaven, but that we may be dwellers there forever? 
Cerrogordo. III. 

never to let anyone go from my presence without a 
happv word or a bright thought to carry with them. 
And happiness makes happiness. I myself am happier 
than t would have been had l sat down and bemoaned 
my fate." What a noble life! one worthy of our imi- 
tation. Who can tell the good a kind word or a 
pleasant smile may do for some discouraged one who 
may almost be ready to give up the struggle ? It may 
give them new hope and courage. Yes, it may be the 
means of helping them to a higher and better life. 
We can never comprehend in this life the vast amount 
of good done through the little everyday acts of 
kindness which cost so little but do so much. 

Oh, that our hearts were more filled with the burn- 
ing desire for making the lives of those around us 
brighter and sweeter, so that in our eagerness to make 
those around vis happier we would forget self and 
selfish desires. While we are making the lives of 
others brighter, we ourselves are made happier,— the 
sweet peace which pervades the soul when we have 
clone that which is pleasing in the sight of our heav- 
enly Father. 

While we realize the fact that there must come into 
every life seasons of trials and troubles, may we ex- 
perience the blessed truth thai " all things work to- 
gether for good to them that love and serve God." 
S.. often these were the needed trials to bring about 
in our lite that which God had intended should he. 

" So mny each passing day 
In loving deeds he spent, 
Strong in III*' faith that God is God, 
And, as llis child, content," 

Smithlirld, I'd. 



" Talk happiness. The world is sad enough 
Without your woes. No path is wholly rough. 
Look for the places that are smooth and clear 
And speak to those, to rest the weary ear 
Of earth, so hurt by one continuous strain 
Of human discontent and grief and pain." 

How true that there is enough sorrow and sadness 
in this world without our adding more to it, by 
enumerating our woes to all with whom we may 
come in contact, making life darker and burdens heav- 
ier. Surely there is some brightness and happiness 
' in every life, something for which to he thankful. No 
path is altogether rough. When inclined to think of 
our lot as a hard one, let us consider some of the many 
blessings which we are receiving fresh from the hand 
of God each day. and we shall find roses strewn all 
along our pathway, if we will but look for them. 
Truly has it been said, " We find the very things 
which we look for." And if we start out to hunt 
trouble, of course we will not come home without it 
And by always looking on the dark side of things 
and heaping up imaginary troubles we make our life 
miserable: and not only our own life, but the lives of 
others. Now the truth is. none of us enjoy the com- 
pany of one who is always murmuring and complain- 
ing. On the other hand we all welcome cheerful per- 
sons They come as a ray of sunshine, dispersing the 
<r|oom and bringing happiness. And in our troubled 
hours they are as an " angel of mercy." pouring the 
oil of consolation on our wounds. 

I once read of a woman who had many sorrows and 
heavy burdens to bear, but was noted for her cheer- 
ful spirits. She once said in explanation: "You 
know I have had no money. I had nothing I could 
give but myself, so I made the resolution that I would 
never sadden anyone else with my troubles. I have 
laughed when T could have wept. I have always 
smiled in the face of every misfortune. I have tried 



There are two voices which speak to every one. 
Ih,. first tells us that life is very serious. It is not 
an excursion, or a sail upon some large river, but it 
is an open sea with fogs and storms around us and 
reefs ahead and shipwreck possible. This first voice 
warns us ,,f all these dangers on the stormy sea of life. 
But there is another voice which declares it is not 
necessary always to he watching for dangers ahead, 
for men must sow their wild oats, and that there is 
plenty of time yet to keep from drifting upon the 
rugged rocks of despair. Let it never be forgotten, 
however, that no one has ever yet sowed wild oats 
without reaping a harvest. This second voice says 
let all have a life of freedom, and by and by when 
they see their folly they will lurn; but no one has 
ever yielded to sin, in the least, that he has not left a 
defect in his character. 

The first voice answers yes, but all of God's warn- 
ings are for to-day, and all his promises for the present 
time, and if we refuse to listen to the "still small 
voice " the time will come when we will be obliged to 
say, " The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and 
we are not saved." 
Dandridge, Term. 


Our Sewing Society meets on Wednesday when we 
are called ; have had in all ninety meetings. At our 
last meeting w,- elected new officers. They are Sister 
Sue Neglev president. Sister Mary Rohrer vice presi- 
dent Sister Pearl Kobrer secretary and Sister Alice 
Rohrer treasurer. We have a membership of twelve. 
, ,„ r work consists mostly of quilting quilts, making 
comforters, and other plain sewing. We have in the 
treasury $11. We have also quilted two quilts for the 
( 11,1 folks' Home. We take quilts to our homes and 
,,,„„ them for $1 a spool. We close our work about 
four o'clock with repeating of Scripture, followed by 
singing and prayer. We hope that we may be the 
me ans of doing at least a little good by our meeting 
together. Mary H. Rohrer, Sec. 

NOTHING great was ever achieved without enthusi- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 13, 1908. 




Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee 

22 and 24 South State St keet, Elgin, n,L- 


I H. Mooae, - - Office Editor. 

D. L. Minm. Illinois, 1 L M«n*», Associate Editor. 

H. B. B.vaB.voii. Pa.. [ Editor.. G"J' *™ ■ Ba , iaa , M..««. 

H. c. Early, Virginia, ) I "■ "v" 

Adviiory oommltteft! 

Edward FTantz, G bo. 9. Arnold. P. P.. Kelt neT. 

W-AU biislneii. nod communication! Intended lor the paper nhoold b. 
addren.ed to the Brethren PuMUhlng Homo. Elgin. III., and not to an, 
lndlrldual connected with tt. ____ 

Entered at the Poet Office at Elgin, 111., a» Second-claa. Matter. 


Five more accessions to the church at Pleasant Hill, 

Ohio, arc reported. 

An encouraging revival was held at Monitor, Kans., 
and thirteen were added to the church. 

There is a call for a minister to locate at Staunton. 
Va. Address E. D. Kindig, Staunton, Va., R. No. 3. 

Hnu. Salem Beery, of McCune, Kans., should now 
be addressed at Grand Junction, Colo., R. F. D. No. 1. 

Those who have occasion to write Bro. S. A. Hon- 
berger, Wichita, Kansas, should address him at 123 
Seneca St. Station. 

Several more natives were recently baptized at 
Bulsar, India. By degrees the churches in that part 
of the world are becoming numerically stronger. 

The church at Cerrogordo. 111., is helping to in- 
crease the ministerial force in a commendable man- 
ner. Three brethren in the vigor of manhood, were 
recently called to the ministry. 

A cool) revival was held in the Sugar Creek con- 
gregation, Ind., and six decided to walk no more with 
ll« world. They were added to the church, and re- 
joice in the blessings they are receiving. 

While in India Bro. D. L. Miller and wife headed 
the subscription list . for a meetinghouse in Bulsar. 
The missionaries are subscribing and so are the na- 
tives. We presume others can help if they feel like 
it. This is to be the first Brethren church in India, 
and others will be erected in due time. 

Sister Marguerite Bixler writes us from Greene, 
Iowa, where she is teaching vocal music and endeavor- 
ing to sing people into the church. She says that she 
has just finished some work in " the grand old South 
Waterloo church," as she calls it, and then adds: 
" I no longer wonder why foreign missionaries are 
sent out from them in triple measure." 

The Messenger subscribers, who have not yet set- 
tled with our agents for 1906, will please do so by the 
first of March. All of our agents are expected to 
setUe their accounts and remit by that date. This 
should be attended to promptly so we can have the 
books of the House properly balanced and ready for 
the Auditing Committee by the first of April. 

\ protracted meeting in the Eel River congrega- 
tion, Ind., closed with eight souls being added to the 
church. One asked to be restored to fellowship. 

For the present Bro. I. J. Rosenberger may be ad- 
dressed at 1626 Tremont St., Denver, Colo. He and 
Sister Rosenberger are spending the winter months 
at that place. 

The Brethren in Chicago are planning to build a 
new church. The building is to be located somewhere 
on the west side. The present building, at 183 Hast- 
ings street, is too small for present use. 

The small body of members, at Lakeville, N. C, 
are planning to build a meetinghouse if sufficient mon- 
ey can be secured. They think they can erect a house. 
suited to their needs, for seven hundred dollars. 
This may be contrasted with some of our seven thou- 
sand dollar houses in the North. 

Bro. H. P. Hylton, of Jericho, Va., passed into 
the spirit world on the evening of Dec. 24. He was 
one of the oldest elders in Virginia, was highly re- 
spected and much beloved wherever, known. We are 
publishing a very interesting sketch of his humble and 
faithful life. 

A preacher is needed at Jennings, La., where the 
Brethren have a good meetinghouse, and where an 
earnest little band of believers reside. It is thought 
that some minister, who desires to spend the winter 
in the South, might be induced to go to Jennings and 
help along with the Lord's work. Any minister feel- 
ing an interest in the place will please communicate 
with Bro. Adam Esterly, Jennings, La., Box 149. 

The Brethren in Southern Ohio are making a de- 
cided success of their Sunday School Institute, held 
from year to year. The enrollment at their recent 
Institute reached nearly four hundred. There were 
present 111 teachers. 41 superintendents and 47 
preachers, and 17 of these were elders. A district 
that can place that many earnest workers in a Sun- 
day-school training department has a future before it. 

We have the poor and must ever do them good. 
There is never to be a lime during the present dis- 
pensation, when we will not have the poor with us. 
lust now there are a few hundred, who need a certain 
kind of help and they richly deserve it. They want 
the Messenger and are not able to pay for it. Why 
not the churches look up these poor members and 
have the paper donated to them. When sent as a do- 
nation it may be had for $1.00. Then we have a 
small poor fund from which we draw to send the 
paper to a few of the worthy poor who are entitled 
to it on account of poverty. We also suggest that 
those who have plenty, and to spare, donate to this 
fund, so that more of the worthy poor members can- 
have the pleasure of reading the good news we are 
sending out week after week. 

We are glad to learn of the steadfastness of the little 
band of believers in the vicinity of Tullahoma, Tenn. 
We would like to hear of hundreds of bands of work- 
ers in all parts of the South and West. Whether they 
be few or many, rich or poor, let these groups of mem- 
bers hang together, work harmoniously and in the end 
they will succeed spiritually and temporally. 

Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger, of Bridgewater. Va.. is 
to spend the next few months in Ohio. Indiana and 
Illinois, and arrangements can still be made with 
him to teach a few classes. His ability as a teacher 
of vocal music is too well known to require any spe- 
cial recommendation. Those wishing his services 
should write him at once, addressing him at Bridge- 
water, and state how large a class can be secured, and 
the date preferred. 

Sister Mary Hoff, of New Windsor, Md., reads 
the Messenger with care and keeps tally of the num- 
ber of accessions to the church. Her report shows, as 
gleaned from the Messenger for 1905, that there were 
5,390 baptized and 399 restored to fellowship. In all 
there were S.7S9 added to the church during the year. 
This shows a considerable gain over the previous 
vear, when there were 4.14S baptized, 260 other ap- 
plicants and 226 reclaimed. Not all the accessions to 
the church are reported to the Messenger. There 
were probablv enough not reported to bring the num- 
ber of accessions for 1905 up to about 6.000. the 
largest number published for some years. During 
the year some very fine meetings were held and then 
there were a number of them. Much very earnest and 
well-directed evangelistic work was done, and all of 
this helped to bring about the encouraging results 
above reported. We would like to see a still greater in- 
crease in the number of conversions for the present 
vear. and we feel that with the proper efforts we ma) 
have them. We, of course, do not wish to encourage 
the idea of working solely for numbers, and yet we 
believe in converting people as fast as possible, even 
if we should be called on to baptize 3.000 in one day. 

It is good for our members to scatter out and form | 
settlements all over the country, but they should not 
fail, in new localities, to settle in groups so as to be 
able to help and encourage one another. Then, 
preacher or no preacher, they should often come to- 
gether to worship. In the absence of a minister they 
can sing, pray, read the Scriptures and even exhort 
one another. The Sunday school always comes in 
play. If they can do nothing more they can have 
Sunday school, and this can be kept going if not more 
than a half dozen attend. At any rate keep up the 
religious interest and learn to be contented with the 

blessings at hand. 

On the north side of the Publishing House lot there 
is a steep grade recently paved with brick. Every 
hour of the day teams may be seen pulling heavy loads 
up this grade. A few days ago there was a wet 
snow followed by a freeze. This made the pavement 
difficult for horses not well shod. We noticed two 
teams, each drawing a heavy load, going up the grade. 
One team moved along steadily, not one of the horses 
slipping. The horses drawing the other load slipped 
at every step. The progress was so slow that one 
could hardly see the wagon move at times. The slip- 
ping seemed to tell on the horses more than the pull- 
ing" Both were good teams, only one was better shod 
than the other. So it is in the Christian life. There 
are some people better shod with the' preparation of 
the Gospel than others. Those well shod can draw 
heavier loads and make better time. Those not well 
shod are all the while slipping and soon wear them- 
selves out doing little. They might think that the road 
to heaven is a hard road to travel. Very much, in- 
deed, depends upon whether one is well shod with the 
preparation of the Gospel. 

Years ago it was thought no great task to run off 
the predecessors of the Messenger by hand, the edi- 
tors themselves supplying the motive power. Later 
steam power was resorted to and we then thought we 
were finely equipped. But there came a time when 
we had to procure a faster press, and in the course 
of years wore out several. Finally we purchased a 
high speed press and run it by electricity. That was 
not enough, so an automatic feeder was installed— a 
machine that can feed the papers into the press faster 
than a man and do it better and not get tired. But 
there was the folding and pasting. A man and his 
machine could not handle the papers fast enough. So 
last week the Business Manager had an automatic 
feeder put in for the folder. Now the Messenger 
type is set by machinery, and can be fed into the press 
and folder by machinery. This makes fast work and 
good work. In all we have in the house five large 
cylinder presses, several folders and four automatic 
feeders. All of this machinery, and much more is 
run by electricity generated in our own power house. 
The time may soon be here when we shall need more 
presses, more folders, more feeders and even more 


In a live and successful church there should be 

business as well as religion— business methods as well 
as religious methods. There is a temporal as well as 
a spiritual side, and each side must receive due con- 
sideration. In some churches both sides are neglected 
Then, there are churches wdiere the spiritual side alone 
is considered, and the finances neglected. This is un- 
fortunate. Churches need money. They cannot run 
without it, but there should be business methods in 
the management of church finances. Each church 
should have a treasurer who will give intelligent at- 
tention to the church's busineess. He should see to the 
collecting of all dues, paying all bills and then at 
each quarterly 'council render an account of the re- 
ceipts and expenditures. This report should be well 
prepared, so it can be read with as little explanation 
as possible. Not long since we were in a council meet- 
ing where the treasurer made a very businesslike re- 
port. He was a business man and put business meth- 
ods into his part of the church work. That is the way 
it should be in all the churches. There should be 
good business methods for the business or temporal 
side of church work. On this the elder should insist, 
for it is to him that the members must look for the 
best methods of managing the different departments. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13, 1908. 


One of our earnest elders, who has been preaching 
for more than thirty years, writes us, saying, that lie 
will not be able to pay for the Messenger this year, 
and therefore must do without the paper that has en- 
couraged and comforted him for many years. It pains 
him very much to think that he must spend the re- 
maining years of his life without this great blessing. 
We need not tell who this elder is, but we suggest 
that in every congregation search be made for the 
elders and preachers who do not read the Messenger. 
Some of them, like the elder referred to, are not able 
to pay for it. Then why not the members collect mon- 
ey and have the paper sent to the deserving ones. 
A man who has been preaching free for years, 
and spent hundreds of dollars to carry forward the 
Master's work, should not be permitted to suffer in 
this manner. Again we say. look up the preachers 
who do not have an opportunity of reading the paper, 
and see to it that they get it some way. 

ing life that lay before us until we should reach our 

desired haven at Bombay. The fine weather continued 

two full days, and then came one of those sudden 

changes for which the Australian coast is noted, and 

for a week we had storms and high seas. The great 

ship rolled and pitched so that it was almost impossible 

to walk about the deck, and the sailors staggered to 

and fro like drunken men. 

In the center of our ship an indicator is placed that 

marks the rolling of the boat. A pendulum swings 
in front of a half circle divided into degrees, and as 
the ship rolls from side to side the pendulum swings 
and indicates the extent of each lurch from the per- 
pendicular. I stood at the indicator when the storm 
was at its worst, and could only stand by holding on we permitted to go to [hem. We talked down to them 
to an iron railing, and found that the pendulum swung and they up to ns, and we had the comfort of knowing 
from side to side over forty-four degrees, or from 
twenty-two on one side to the same degree on the oth- 

at sea. He was traveling for his health and expected 
to reach his home in Spain in a few' weeks. He found 
a watery grave and his friends will look for him in 
vain at his old home. The morning we cast anchor in 
the outside harbor at Bombay another death occurred 
from the plague, and we were told that it was the most 
deadly type. We were quarantined and for a time it 
seemed as if we were not to lx- allowed to go ashore, 
and that the prospects we"- good lor us to go on to 
the next port, Aden, al the entrance to the Red Sea. 

Brother Stover, Brother and Sister Berkebile, and 
Sisters Quinter, Pittengcr and Sadie Miller were in 
Bombay and came out lo the ship in a small sailboat, 
hut were not allowed to come on board, nor were 


Last year we offered to send the Messenger into 
families where there are no members, for fifty cents. 
This was done with a view of reaching people outside 
of the church. Of course the fifty cents did not pay 
■near the real cost of the paper, but the General Mission 
Board, by appropriation, made up the rest. 

This arrangement enabled us to place the Messen- 
ger into over two thousand families, where there are 
no members, and where the paper was not previously 
read. Some of these people subscribed for themselves, 
while to others it was sent as a donation. 

Hundreds of members remitted fifty cents and had 
the paper sent to some friend in whose welfare they 
took special interest. Some sent one dollar and had 
the paper go to two families, while a few remitted 
five dollars and in that way reached ten families. Sev- 
eral churches took up the proposition, raised the nec- 
essary amount, and had the paper sent to their neigh- 

Good results followed. These people became inter- 
ested in the Brethren church and her work. Some 
of them have been convinced that the whole Gospel 
ts still binding, and have united with the church. 
Some who donated the paper to several had the pleas- 
ure of seeing nearly all of them apply for member- 
ship. Taking it as a whole, the results were most en- 

The proposition is still open. Not a day goes by 
that we do not receive a number of these fifty cent sub- 
scribers. Then there are members who think the Mes- 
senger is the most successful missionary in the United 
States, hence they remit money and have us send the 
paper to families of their own selection. They want 
to do some home mission work, where they can watch 
the results, hence adopt this method. Some have 
the paper going into ten families. This means fifty- 
two sermons for each family, with the preacher there 
all the while. It is better than pastoral visits. They 
also pray for these families, and when they see some 
of them come to the church they feel and know that 
their prayers have been answered. 

Why not thousands of our readers take up the prop- 
osition now ? Send us fifty cents and have the paper 
sent into some family where there are no members. 
Hundreds may feel disposed to send more and have 
the paper read in several families. Churches ought 
to take this matter up and see that a number of their 
neighbors receive the paper. Let there be a general 
move all along the line from the Atlantic to the Pa- 
cific. Then into whatever family the Messenger is 
sent pray for that family. The paper alone may ac- 
complish little or nothing; accompanied by fervent 
prayer the results will be marvelous. 

Maijee and the writer escaped without seasickness, 
but we were far from being comfortable. Sister Eliza 
Miller suffered, but managed to get through in good 
shape. After leaving tile Australian coast we had fine 
weather, and when we got far enough away from the 
waves caused by the stonn we had smooth seas and 
soon forgot the rolling of the ship in smooth sailing. 

At Adelaide one of our number was taken ashore 
because of illness, we were told, but the fact that 

that all were well at various mission stations. Then 
they left us and we wailed patiently and anxiously 
for the final decision as to what our fate was to he. 
Presently a little tugboat pulled up alongside, an offi- 
cial came on board and handed the captain a document 
and we soon learned thai we were free to go ashore. 
We stood not on tin- order of going, bul went. In a 
short time we had our belongings on a little native 
sailboat, for the ship was two miles from the dock, and 
were pulling for the shore, glad and happy I" leave 
the plague-infected ship. 

rhat night when WC were safely housed we realized 

the Bubonic plague had broken out on the ship was how good Cod had been to us and we gave him thanks 
When we reached for bringing us safely back to "Dear Old India" 


No one could have desired a more beautiful day 
or a smoother sea than the one that favored us as 
we sailed away from Sydney, Australia, on the 9th 
of November, 1905. As we glided over the waters of 
the harbor and passed out of the rocky gateway upon 
the open sea we congratulated ourselves on the auspi- 
cious beginning of the twenty-three days of sea-far- 

wisely kept from the passengers. 
Freeniantle the disease had gained such headway that 
it could no longer be kept secret. We had twenty-five 
passengers on board for that port. The health officers 
made an examination and at once placed the ship in 
quarantine. Four men striken with the plague were 
taken ashore and placed in the plague hospital where 
two soon after died. The passengers were taken to 
an island five miles away, to the quarantine station 
where they were to remain a number of days. 

Among the passengers for Freeniantle was a mother 
with a dear, sweet-faced little girl of three years. She 
looked so bright and happy and said she was going to 
see her papa. The husband and father was on shore 
anxiously waiting the coming of his loved ones. 
When little bright eyes was told that no one on shore 
could come on the ship and no one on the ship go 
ashore she cried out for her papa and sobbed as if her 
little heart would break. That night she sobbed her- 
self asleep over her great disappointment. The next 
morning when the Freeniantle passengers had gone 
down the side of the ship and were seated in the 
steam launch that was to take them to the quarantine 
station a little boat came alongside and the mother 
held out her darling to the father who took his little 
girl in his arms and she threw her arms around his 
neck and hugged and kissed him, while he tenderly 
and lovingly pressed her to his heart. Then as the 
boats separated he handed her back to her mother 
again. There were a good many dim eyes among the 
onlookers for it was a pathetic, heart-touching scene. 
Will there be such separations in the day of judgment? 
After leaving Freemantle we had a time cleaning up 
the ship. Everything about die boat was renovated, 
disinfected, chlorided, sulphur-fumed, soaped, scoured, 
rubber, scrubbed and polished until ours was the clean- 
est ship afloat. Mattresses, blankets, pillows, sheets, 
hammocks, boxes, bags, hunks, life preservers, sail 
ors' clothing and everything in which bacteru or germs 
might find a hiding place were put through the great 
disinfectant boiler on the fore deck. The doctor was 
the busiest man on the ship. He not only gave orders, 
but saw that his orders were implicitly carried out. 
It was no doubt due to these precautions that we es- 
caped with as little loss of life as we did. 

Arriving at Colombo we were again placed in quar- 
antine and the passengers for that port were not al- 
lowed to land and so were compelled to go on to Bom- 
bay The cargo for the place was also earned by. 
They would have none of us or our belongings on 
shore. Here our home mail, forwarded from Bulsar, 
was brought to us. There were eighty pieces, and we 
had a feast after a four weeks' famine. 

The time for running from Colombo to Bombay is 
sixty hours. On the way one poor fellow, who had 
been in ill health for some time, died and was buried 

again, lie had also given us peace when we were 
surrounded with danger, for there was no time on the 
journey when we were over anxious as to the result. 
We had fully and unreservedly placed ourselves in 

the hands of the loving lather, and knew in whom we 
trusted. The day in Bombay harbor was the hardest 
on our nerves of any on the entire journey. 1 low sweet 
and refreshing was the sleep thai followed thai (lay. 

What a restorer lo the weary is rest all I sleep. Thank 
God for refreshing sleep. 

At Bombay came .mother handful of letters from 
home. From these we learn that it is the desire of the 
General Committee thai we go to China and that eith- 
er Brother McCann or Brothci Stover go with us to 
investigate the opportunities for opening a mission in 
thai country. We haw arranged to sail from Bombay 
for Shanghai on the ninth of January, and when this 
reaches the readers of the Messenger we shall be on 
our way to the flowery kingdom, the Lord willing. 
We shall spend some time Hi l liin.i and then turn our 
faces toward the Golden Gate, hoping to reach Cali- 
fornia in April if all goes well with us. Brethren, 
pray for us. "• ' - M - 


These long winter evenings offer most favorable 
opportunities to a large number of people to do read- 
ing. And ordinarily we know of no better way of 
spending the closing hours of the day. Of course 
much depends on the kind of reading we do. And 
this suggests the necessity of making a careful and 
wise selection of literature for our homes, as we are 
always templed, when we gel hungry for reading, 
to devour whatever may be within our reach. 

We remember, years ago, being snowbound in a 
home where there were no books, papers or anything 
readable except a patent medicine almanac and an old 
copy of an agricultural paper that had been sent as a 
sample copy. Well, do you know, we got so hungry 
for reading that we read this almanac and paper 
through and through, including all the advertisements. 
This was a bad case of hunger for reading, and we 
were made to wonder how a family could live and be 
satisfied being so entirely cut off from all literary 

supplies. ., . 

But the father made his boast that he never allowed 
a paper of any kind to he taken into his home. This 
was before the days of free mail delivery when most 
homes get a fair supply of reading matter as samples 
and inducements to get well free of charge, and rich 

for the asking. 

The day was cloudy and dreary, so that the cur- 
tains of night were drawn unusually early. The even- 
ing meal was eaten and enjoyed-and we took to 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13, 1808. 

reading. Books and papers are excellent companions 
when you are in a frame of mind to enjoy them. 

The first thing to hand was the New York Ob- 
server, in which was a very full account of the Church 
Federation Conference that was being held in that 
city at the time. The report is quite interesting and 
all good people will commend the effort that is being 
made towards uniting the forces of the Christian 
world in the battle against the powers of sin. It is 
true, as far as denominationalism is concerned, there 
is not much, if anything, being done. But there is 
a better understanding being had as to the real es- 
sential beliefs of the different church organizations 
and their differences. 

The spirit of the conference has been to discuss only 
the essential doctrines of the Christian church and to 
avoid the things held by the different churches that 
are not essential to salvation. This assumes that all 
Christian churches agree on the fundamental doctrines 
of the Gospel, but differ on ways and means, tradi- 
tions, notions, and things that are not essential to the 
church or for the salvation of souls. 

After reading we are in the habit of doing some 
thinking. And after doing our thinking we have 
come to the conclusion that the position that denomi- 
nationalism is founded upon nonessentials in the 
Christian religion is well taken. It is a logical as- 
sumption. Indeed it is more— it must be an accepted 
truth ; because, outside of the essential doctrines of the 
Gospel there no differences of opinions of 
sufficient importance to separate and sect God's peo- 
ple. The Gospel of Christ is not intended to divide 
Christians. In it are the elements of union, not di- 
vision. From whence come our divisions? From our 
own " headiness." I am strongly, in favor of federa- 
tion on gospel principles. The only trouble about 
this whole federation move is to determine what are 
the essential doctrines of the Gospel. If we could all 
agree on these, a union nf the churches would follow 
as a result. 

Turning away from this line of thought, we picked 
up an agricultural paper which has been coming to 
our home for years. With a backyard farm of less 
than a half acre of land you may wonder why I 
should get and read an agricultural paper. Well, 
there is a reason for it. I was once a farmer boy. I 
ran and played, worked, plowed, hoed and did all 
kinds of farm things, so that it became part of my life, 
and a part, too, that I have never gotten away from. 
So for an hour or more I read about caring for and 
keeping the cows, horses and sheep comfortable and 
warm ; about henhouses, how to be made to get best 
results both in growth and eggs. The fact is, I be- 
came so intensely interested that for the time being 
1 forgot everything else and to all intents and pur- 
poses was an out-and-out farmer. Do you know, it 
is an exceedingly pleasant experience occasionally to 
shift around into the different scenes of life. It does 
us good. It enables us to live as other men live and 
feel as other men feel. A man or woman who has 
never had a taste of farm life has missed a blessing. 
To me, a home on the farm is an ideal of the home 
beyond. It is the place where love, peace and plenty 
may dwell. 

Another time we change our course of reading. 
From our library shelf we take a bound volume of 
the Primitive Christian, Vol. 18, and we commence 
leafing from page to page. And what a retrospect we 
have ! On first page is a continuation of the " Stein- 
Ray " debate. Following this we have one of Bro. 
Quinter's sermons as preached in the college chapel. 
An editorial page conducted by Eld. R. H. Miller, a 
suggestion by Eld. D. P. Saylor, a short article against 
the use of fermented wine at the communion by Eld. 
Isaac Price, a correspondence from Eld. F. P. Loehr, 
an appeal to the elders of the Western District of 
Pennsylvania for more mission money by Eld. H. R. 
Holsinger — and so on through the volume. How viv- 
idly these names and their writings bring to me some 
of my past editorial experiences. For thirty-five years 
we have been going forward. And during this time 
we have met and learned to know quite a large number 
of the leading brethren of the church, many of whom 
have passed over to the city whose builder and maker 

is God. And now we have concluded our evenings 
reading. But many of the thoughts that were raised 
are still lingering— some sweet and precious, others 
we would gladly forget. H - B - B - 

Below will be 


if the 
; apos- 

In the Messenger, as well as in some tracts, which 
have been widely circulated both in Europe and Amer- 
ica, we have frequently referred to John Wesley as a 
believer in trine immersion, he maintaining that it 
was the apostolic method. Our authority for the 
statement is Henry Moore's " Life of John Wesley," 
first published in England and later (1824) in New 
York. Turning to page 425, Vol. 1, we find the fol- 
lowing: i 

" When Mr. Wesley baptized adults, professing faith 
in Christ, he chose to do it by trine immersion, 
person would submit to it, judging this to be thi 
tolic method of baptizing." 

The quotation has been called into question by some 
of Mr. Wesley's friends, and some men from their 
pulpits have gone so far as to say that no such a state- 
ment can be found in any authentic life of Mr. Wesley. 
In one community matters went so far that the work 
we have in our possession was sent for in order to 
show the people that we made no mistake in our state- 
ment. This was in one of the eastern States. Now 
we have a letter from Texas, saying that there are 
preachers in that State who inform their, congrega- 
tions that the report about Mr. Wesley believing in 
trine immersion is not from a representative man. 
This leads us to make some further statements in re- 
gard to the matter. 

It so happens that we have a good copy of Moore's 
" Life of Wesley." There are also other copies in 
the Brotherhood, and by leaving orders with large 
second-hand book stores in New York, Philadelphia, 
Baltimore or Chicago, other copies might be found. 
The author of this old and reliable work was one of 
the duly appointed trustees of Wesley's, manuscripts, 
having been selected by Mr. Wesley himself. Mr. 
Wesley was a voluminous writer, and left a vast 
amount of manuscript when he died. He kept a very 
careful journal, recording nearly everything he did. 

Several lives of Wesley were published, and finally 
Henry Moore became the only surviving trustee, hav- 
ing Wesley's manuscripts in his possession, and was 
induced to prepare a correct history of this distin- 
guished founder of Methodism. The work was favor- 
ably received everywhere, and in 1824 was published 
in New York by " N. Bangs and Emroy, for the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church." This shows that the book 
was looked upon as reliable and official. It is prob- 
ably the most authentic life of John Wesley ever pub- 
lished, though it is at this time out of print. 

Wesley had good reasons for believing that trine 
immersion was the apostolic method of baptizing. He 
knew the history of baptism, and was well aware of 
the fact that all of the early churches, of any note, 
practiced the threefold form of baptism. If Wesley 
was immersed it was by trine immersion, for the 
church of England, of which his parents were mem- 
bers, and of which he himself was a member in the 
early part of his life, performed the rite of immersion, 
at that time, in no other way. If he received sprinkling 
or pouring, the water was applied three times, for that 
was then, and is still, the custom of the church of Eng- 
land, when the water is applied. 

The church of England sprang from the Catholic 
church, and in early times the Catholics, as Mr. Wes- 
ley knew, practiced trine immersion. He also knew 
that the Greek and the Armenian churches believed 
in no other form of baptism. With all these facts, 
and many more, it need not be wondered at that the 
distinguished preacher had a decided preference for 
the threefold form of baptism. 


One of our correspondents, not an elder, however, 
but a good thinker and a close observer, has something 
to say about three of the most helpful things an elder 
may do for his- congregation, accompanied by his 

reasons for the suggestions offered. 
found his communication : 

In my judgment the one thing most helpful that an 
elder may do, in addition to those duties placed upon 
him by virtue of his office, may be done by visiting among 
the members of his congregation. This does not mean 
short pastoral calls, such as are common in city work 
and as are necessarily in order there, but in such visit- 
ing as is usual between those of like interest and con- 
genial relations. 

There is nothing so necessary for a minister and more 
especially an elder, as to have the affections and con- 
fidence of the people. This may be more fully realized 
if we think for a moment how charitable we are to our 
close friends and how ready we are to put the best in- 
terpretations to their acts and words. In actual experi- 
ence I have heard sermons that lacked style, delivery, 
thought and spirituality; but, to some who were in close 
sympathy with the speaker's daily life, the sermon was 
excellent. On the other hand, I have noticed sermons 
full of high ideals and brilliant thoughts, as forcibly de- 
livered as could be under the circumstances, fall flat be- 
cause the audience did not accept the speaker himself. 

This disposition holds sway even stronger in people's 
judgment of an elder as a spiritual shepherd and as a 
governor of the church. Not nearly so much depends 
on what one says or does, as on the man who says it 
or does it, and the attitude of the people before he speaks 
or acts, and their former opinion of him 

In professional and commercial work it is realized that 
nothing else gives one such a hold on the people he 
deals with as a little old-fashioned visiting and showing 
an interest in the daily life and. daily interests of one's 
customs. Everyone draws to the one who is interested 
in him, and especially where the interest is so manifestly 
unselfish as that of an elder in the welfare of his mem- 
bers. Let an elder then use good business policy and 
get the people interested in him and his success, by first 
showing an interest in them and a love for their associa- 

If this has been accomplished, the elder is in position 
easily to inaugurate the next move. That would be per- 
sonally to interest the members in better reading and 
better thought, better spiritual training and better educa- 
tion of both mind and heart. As we have had many 
minds who can control educational work in which many 
things taught are in advance of the head of the work, so 
may an elder of limited ability in certain lines of thought. 
or himself of limited education, control the training of 
others to an excess of his own. That, of course, requires 
skill and a sincere interest in the welfare of his people, 
and especially the young folks, but it has often been 
done and can yet. 

In carrying out the second most helpful thing, he will 
come to the third: Careful organization of forces to car- 
ry out such work as is at hand and the members may 
unite in doing. Any work that is not carefully planned 
and organized must have more or less waste motion and 
possible friction. The idea for everyone to do his part 
is all right, but there are many ideas of what that means. 
Organization is an art that must be acauired if one has 
not already the gift, before one can accomplish the best 
'• In the choosing of an elder to have charge of a church, 
he is made head of every line of church work. Although 
that is not realized, it is a fact; and if he is in proper 
touch with his people his personality will be breathed 
into all organizations without his or their actual knowl- 
edge of it; and his own high ideals will be reflected in 
their work and its results. 

We would offer one caution here. In the physical body 
it is necessary that the head and hands work together. 
In doing this it is as necessary for the head to stay with 
the hands as that they follow the head. Good and excel- 
lent work has been planned by zealous elders, that has 
failed because they pushed it ahead of the other forces 
that should have been enlisted. While an elder should be 
the head, and lead and direct, much less will be accom- 
plished if he attempts to lead and organize too far ahead 
of his people. Better for all, and more will be accom- 
plished, if a small work is undertaken, all forces enlisted 
and the aim reached, than if plans are too great and de- 
sires too large. This is apt to result in the head and a 
few members getting so far ahead of the others that the 
necessary personal relation and interest is lost. 

Let the elder be a head with as little realization of the 
fact as can be had, and yet his personality be lived in 
their lives in a way that will get all together and keep 
all together in prosperous and successful advancement. 

This will do to think about until the next issue of 
the Messenger is received. That issue is to contain 
nearly a dozen short and pointed articles on the same 
subject, written by elders, deacons, preachers, laity 
and one sister. The subject is viewed from all the 
different angles, so far as position in the church is 
concerned, and the articles are certain to be carefully 
read and widely commented upon. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13, 1906. 


General Missionary and Tract Department 




Illlnolt I H. C. fc-ARLY. 

Indiana 1 A. B. Barnhart, 
John Zock. Iowa. 



We have talked and written much about going into new 
fields in order to teach the people the way of salvation; 
and yet there has not been as much going as there should 
have been. Most of us will agree that this is the case, 
but very few will consider themselves responsible. It is 
always so much easier for the olher fellow to go, for he 
has not the same hindrances that we have. It is easy to 
see the things that keep us from going, and also the 
things that would make it easy for another to go. This is 
the general rule, to which there are some striking ex- 

Perhaps one man has grown up in a community. His 
home and all his earthly interests arc there. He has la- 
hored hard and long, and has succeeded so well that he 
can look forward to a quiet and comfortable old age, if 
the Lord permits him to live out the full measure of his 
days. From his point of view, it would be unreasonable 
to ask him to leave his home and go out on the frontier 
when there are so many young men without ties to hold 
them. They are better fitted for the privations of frontier 
life than he is. They have not earned the right to live 
in quiet and unto themselves. They can do in the new 
section what he has done in the old, and then they can 
rest from their labors as he proposes to do. It is all 
clear from his point of view. 

And' how is it from theirs? They have their way to 
make in the world, and there are better opportunities for 
them where they are known than among strangers. If 
they had an income sufficient to supply all their needs, as 
has the older man who is tied to his home, it would be 
easy to go forth and work for the Master. They do not 
see how they can give up everything and work little or 
not at all to provide for themselves homes in this world. 
Why should not they be permitted to provide for their 
own comfort and pleasure while they may? 

And so it will be all through the list. The old have 
their excuses and the young have theirs; the rich must 
look after their property and the poor must provide food 
and raiment for themselves and families. Where, then, is 
the Lord's work to come in, and who is to do it? It is 
not difficult to see why so little work is done for him: 
excuses are so numerous. Men find what they are looking 
for, and that is why they see so many reasons for re- 
maining at home. But most of them are selfish; few of 
them will stand the test which will be applied to them. 
And when men's eyes are opened and they see clearly 
they will wonder how they ever could have considered 
them reasons for doing as they have done. 

The trouble is that we lose sight of God's promises. It 
is natural to wonder what recompense is to be received 
for work done. Even the twelve disciples wondered, and 
Peter as their spokesman asked the Master what they 
should receive for leaving all and following him. And 
the answer ought to satisfy any reasonable person. We 
as a church hold that the commands laid upon llie dis- 
ciples are binding upon all Christ's followers to-day. And 
we are entirely right in this. But why then are we not 
more ready to claim the promises made to them? They 
were not made to the disciples alone. Life would lose 
much of its value if these promises were taken from us. 
And yet we do not lay hold of them and get from them 
the comfort they were intended to give. Christ's prom- 
ise to be with his followers is conditioned on their go- 
ing and teaching. 

Who can go? Not every one; but many who see what 
they consider insurmountable obstacles. It is not a ques- 
tion that one can decide for another, but each for him- 
self. Can you go? Should you go? You must settle 
that between yourself and God. Your excuses may seem 
to men to be valid, but he sees not as they do, and there 
is no doubt that in a great many cases be will condemn 
where they justify, and vice versa. Each of us needs to 
take the question home to himself and answer it with all 
honesty; for on the decision, whether right or wrong, 
depends his own weal or woe, and that of many others. 
Who can go? The Lord help each of his children to de- 
cide aright. G * *** 
<5> «• <S> 


-stony places, some among thorns, and some on good 
ground. In that delightful parable lie might have special 
reference to himself and to his own labors; but the par- 
able is equally applicable to all his servants and to the 
labors of every Christian minister who goes forth pro- 
claiming the doctrine of the kingdom of God. Psa. 126:6 
truly expresses that idea: "He that goeth forth and 
weepelh, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again 
with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him." 

As I think of the life germ of spiritual seed, I take cour- 
age in the blessed thought that gospel truths in the hearts 
and minds of human beings have not all lost their virtue 
because we fail to see visible results in our lives. 

Many years ago there stood an old churchhouse several 
miles northeast of Sidney, Ohio, and there lived in that 
community several brethren and sisters, whose -hearts 
were aglow with the love of God, and who were anxiously 
praying and working for Christ's kingdom to come. They 
desired to see. the fulfillment of Fzekiel's vision of the 
holy waters, faithfully looking to see the river of salva- 
tion grow wider, deeper, swifter, until finally it should 
merge into an ocean of salvation. Through the earnest 
pleadings of these isolated brethren and sisters, several of 
our worthy old veterans, who were filled with the mission 
spirit of these days, consented to sacrifice the interest of 
home, exposing their bodies to weatlier, being compelled 
to go a distance of thirty and forty miles horseback or in 
open conveyance over dirt roads to preach two sermons 
to a congregation of only three dozen, and many limes 
less. I imagine T see these good old men of God travel- 
ing their homeward journey slowly and lonely, worried in 
body and mind, many times discouraged, wondering why 
more could hot be accomplished, feeling thai the visible 
results from their labors were not at all praiseworthy. 
But time rolled on and the^e old bodies are now resting 
from their labors and (heir spirits have gone to their re- 

I especially refer to the efforts of Bro. Samuel Moliler, 
of Covington, Ohio, and Bro. Jeremiah Kiulionrtan, of 
Bradford, Ohio. I am reminded of these brethren by 
some experiences I had last August. 1 was called to the 
bedside of Josephus Hobby, who afterwards died. He 
said he wanted to see one of our ministers. He toltl 
about his condition and was not so much concerned about 
his body as about his soul. He said, " I was convicted 
twenty-five years ago at the old Mosquito Creek church- 
house, through the preaching of brethren Moliler and 
Kalherman. I was fully persuaded in my own inintl that 
the Brethren church, as a Christian organization, followed 
the New Testament." He called special attention to one 
sermon of Bro. Kalherman's, after which he said lie made 
a vow to God that he would live a different life, and that 
in the future he would join the Brethren cliureli. No 
other young men belonged to the church at that lime, and 
for that reason he deferred his Christian duly until he- 
would erect a home of his own; then at that period of his 
life the old country churchhouse was abandoned and lo- 
cated at Sidney. 

Again he procrastinated because of the inconvenience of 
church privileges. But all these years there was in that 
man's heart and soul seed that had not lost its virtue, 
and as the body failed, the soul more eagerly looked 
through the earthly windows of his understanding and 
convictions, longing to see its heavenly habitation; and 
not until a complete surrender and deep repentance, and 
acknowledging Christ in baptism, could this man say, I 
am willing to be absent from the body lo be present with 
the Lord. He regretted that he had not accepted Christ 

Dear brethren in the ministry, let us take courage in 
the life of spiritual sowing. As these brethren shall 
doubtless come rejoicing, bringing sheaves with them 
they never saw while in the field of mortality, so may 
we, if in failh and in tears, bear precious seed, come re- 
joicing lo see with spiritual eyes as we arrive on the 
shores of immortality the sheaves of our sowing. 

S. Z. Smith. 
Sidney, Ohio. 

The work al Ferry is also to receive some attention, 
and a series of meetings is granted lo Dulion, Kent 

As considerable interest was manifested al o\ir mission- 
ary meeting last October iii city missions and pledges 
were given to the amount of $220 for the purpose of start- 
ing the work, the board at this mceling appointed a com- 
mittee of three brethren to investigate, and it is the in- 
tention of the board if a favorable opening is found to 
open the work at the earliest date consistent with the 
means in hand, and we therefore request those who gave 
pledges to he in readiness to send in the several amounts 
pledged lo our treasurer, Bro. J. W. Smith, Woodland. 
Mich.; and we urge all who can lo assist in this work 
[or the saving of souls and the upbuilding of Christ's 
kingdom on earth. 1'cler R. Messner, Sec. 

Lake Odessa, Mich., Dec. 29. 



The party from Auslrnlia arrived safely in Bombay 
Wednesday. morning, Nov 20, and in Bulsar Friday even- 
ing, Dec. 1, afler an absence of just two and ;i half 
monlllS forty-Six days were Spent On tllC sea, twenty- 
three days going and twenty-three days returning, and 
one very pleasant month in Sydney, Australia. 

Sister Qtlintcr -pent Sunday at Bitlsar and returned to 
Anklcsvar on Monday. 

Sister Sadie Miller spent part of the week hen-. Re- 
turned to Rajpipla yesterday, 
Bro, Atlara Ebey and Dr. Yercman made nils at Bui- 

sor this week. 

Bro. Stover and Bro, D, I.. Miller spent Monday with 
the missionaries al Jalalpor. 

Brother anil Sister .1, M, Blovtgll are spending the v 
in Bombay. 

Examinations in the orphanage school closed last w 
The school was reorganized on Monday for 1906. 

Sunday three more were baptized, Others arc awa 

Utile orphan girls died yesterday. 

Eliza* n. Mill 


One of I 
I),., X 


Every now and then some write us lo help them with 
material for " thai missionary program" which they de- 
cided to have. We have suggested of late, to those writ- 
ing us, lo call ilu-ir program "A Study of the 

We will furnish twenty-five or thirty printed essays and 

articles which will give any church a splendid insight into 
the outlook in this interesting and promising mission. 
Why not arrange lo have your next missionary program 
be "A Study o( the Brooklyn Mission." and - 
the help you will need.'' 
any lime you wr -jlc US 

write us for 
We will gladly furnish this help 

Vniiis happy in ihe work, 

J, Kurt/ Miller, 

Dec. 29. 




<S> <s> <S> 

Jesus, in one of his most interesting parables, likened 
the preaching of the Gospel to a sower who went forth 
to sow, some seeds falling by the wayside, some upon 


The meeting of the missionary board of Ihe district of 
Michigan was held at the home of Eld. I. F. Rairigh, Lake 
Odessa. Mich., Dec. 26, with all the members present. 
The following is a part of the business transacted: 

No district evangelist was chosen, but the work ap 
portioned to different brelhren. 

Eld. A. W. Hawbaker was chosen traveling member of 
of the board, who will visit new points and preach some 
missionary sermons, besides doing a part of the evan- 
gelistic work for the year. 

Assistance was promised to hold a series of meetings at 
Lake Odessa, where an effort will be made to continue 
regular weekly appointments by the nearby congregations, 
if a suitable place can be had to hold the meetings and 
means raised to pay the rent, etc. 

Series of meetings are again granted to some of the 
weaker churches that de=ire help, and monlhly appoint- 
ments are to be kept up at Gait, Riverside church, and 
near Collings. Tuscola county. 

A Dunkard preacher is wanted and needed badly. A 
„,,„ [0 i,,,.,,,,. a nd able lo lake charge of a church and 
build it up. A new local district is now being made, and 
,!„,, „ lhr p| aee Mi.-it we want the brother lo locale. 

Now I wonder if in the long list of ministers one, yes, 
just one. can he found, who finds himself hampered and 
not doing what his conscience continually tells him it is 
his duly to do. If BO, let him write me at once, and I 
will gladly take up the mailer and help him if possible 
to a wider sphere of uscfuhte E- D. Kendig. 

I.- D. 3, Staunton, Va. 

t> <5> Q> 


OriH-lnnth of ripened grain, 
One-tenth of tree and vine, 

On'Menlh of nil the yield 

From ton-tonlhu' ruin and shine. 

One-tenth of lowing herds, 

That hrowae on hill nn«1 plain; 

One-tenth of bleating floekB, 

from ton-tenths' shine and rain. 

One-tenth of all Increase 

From counting-room and mart; 

One-tenth that science yields. 
One-tenth of every art. 

One-tenth of loom and press. 

One-tenth of mill and mine; 
One-tenth of every craft 

Wrought out by gifts of thine. 

One-tenth! and dost thou. Lord. 

But ask this mengre loan, 
When all the earth Is thine. 

And all we have thine own? 



Tropico church met in «£>*$% f y - ££*£&£ 

-r» rr l^r c^CU. b a C B h WoT,. '"Tropico. Ca.„ Dec .29 
'"los Anie.cs.-Wc have just do .rf, *. to. year -or 
Si *„ o 'X.sThc P S . ye- We have an enrollment 

f£'£ s ^lr^J%8-^nr:oy 

Kr baptTsm and ten having moved among us We invite 

Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 3. 


n-nwr rhnrch met in council Dec. 30, Eld. L. F. Love 
Denver ctiurcn nji ni solicitor for the 



Pennsylvania Ave., Denver, Colo.. Jan. i 

Fruita.-Our series of meetings, conduced by -Bro. J. 
F Brvanl of Grand Junction, closed Dec. 17. Dec i= we 
had Christinas exercises at the church. A.jkcta 
the meeting a collection amounting to $5.03 was taken 
ihc S Joseph, Mo., mission. After services Bro. S. 
7 Sharp was presented a buggy, harness andlaprobe-a 
rift from members and friends. Dec. 26 to 30 we held a 
Bible normal conducted by Bro. Sharp. The attendance 
was fifty-six. Since my last we have received two more 
■iters We have a nice congregation, bu arc always 
glad to welcome others. Those contemplating a change 
of location might do well to investigate this section.-D. 
C Click, Fruita. Colo, Jan. 1. • 

Prowers.-Wife and I left our home at Neutral, Kans, 
Oct 26 arriving at Rockyford Oct. 27; had the privilege of 
be ng v h the 8 Brethren there in services over two Sun- 
days I enjoyed the fellowship of the church at Rocky- 
,d We came to the Prowers church Nov. 8, and are 
now members ol this church. Wc find some active work- 
ing members here with a Sunday school, preaching and 
Christian Workers' meeting each Sunday, and some out- 
side appointments.- A B. Lichtenwalter, Prowers: Colo, 
Jan 2. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— Janu ary 13. 1906. 

Oak Grove churchy ie .council. ^-J**"** 

iuou'se "TOTS the *d bmhiing that Bro. Rufus Gish 
hud .with the help of Bro. C. S. Nofsmger now o Ca 1- 

( °i M T,h,;o,s U be, "r townee" %?T8£> 
geek" B ."smce^c have "been se, over in the southern 
HtstriH we have changed the name to Oak Grove. This 

"! the ctarch has* been of late greatly revived m he 
spiritual work. A goodly number has beer i added Mo tne 
ranks We have near y forly members. We naye oeen 
looking for a place to locate Bro. Eshelman, o Avon, 

11 He is preaching here every two weeks. Our Sun- 
day school EC not' frozen out yet .^J^J^t 
sion point has been greatly neglected until of late. ». a. 
I lolman, Washburn, III, Dec. 31. 

Oaklev church met in council to-day. Sunday school 
ivas teorgaS for the coming six months, .with Anna 
hckenstaff superintendent and the writer assistant De- 
cided ?o have a series of meetings in Oakley in the nea 
future. Steps were taken to organize a sisters aid so 
ciety.-Emma Sensenbaugh, Oakley, 111, Dec 30. 

Sugar Creek church met in council Dec. 16, Eld. B. *. 
Filbrun presiding. Five letters were granted. We re- 
o gan""ed P our Sunday school. Calvin Gibson was elected 
superintendent and Leona Filbrun assistant We re 
B Eld LJ. H. Brubaker of his assistant eldership.- 
11. H. Hoerner, Auburn, 111, Jan. 4. 
Buck Creek church met in council Dec 23 Eld. D. H, 
Replogle presiding. One letter was granted and one was 
received. Our Sunday school was reorganized; Sister 
Mary Burgess and Phebe Teeter supenntendents.-Phebe 
E Teeter, R. R. D. 2, Moreland, Ind, Jan. 1, 

Eel River.-Bro. Daniel Wysong, of Nappanee, Ind 
came to us Dec. 11 and commenced .a series of mee t- 
mrs at our Eel River house, continuing until Dec. 31. 
He preached thirty sermons. Eight souls made ..known 
Sat they were tired of living in sin; seven wei»bap- 
7 -d and one sister came out to be reclaimed We ex- 
pect our series of meetings to begin at our West house 
Jan. 12. Bro. George Swihart, of Roann Ind\, is ex- 
pected to conduct that meeting.— Tuda Haines, R. R No. 
1 Sidney, Ind, Jan. 6. 

Indianapolis.-TI,e Sunday school gave an interesting 
Christmas program. Bro. S. A. Long, of Dayton, Ohm, 
talked for lis at 7:30 last evening. His talk was inspiring. 
We expect J. Edson Ulery, of Michigan, to assist us in a 
series of meetings, beginning about the middle of Febru- 
ary.— J. W. Rarick, 274 Holmes Ave, Indianapolis, Ind., 
Jan. 1. , ., 

Nappanee church met in council Jan 4. Bro. b. r. 
Sanger our elder, was with us, also Bro. El. Roose. Re- 
ceived by letter a minister in the second degree Bro. 
Henry Neff and wife; also received three others bylet- 
,'r Granted six letters. We decided to have Bro. W. R. 
Miller come sometime in February and give us a lecture 
on his travels.— B. J. Miller, Nappanee, Ind, Jan. 6. 

Mississinewa.-Bro. J. A. Miller, of Landess Ind, 
oreached a good sermon at Union Grove last Sunday. 
We expect Bro. S. J. Burger, of Lima, Ind, to preach at 
Union Grove the first Sunday in February, and hen be- 
gin a series of meetings at the Shideler house the same Bro J W. Miller was elected president of the 

Idaho Falls. -Our Sunday school was reorganized Dec. 
11 Bro O W Leavell was elected superintendent and 
ihc writer assistant. After the reorganization we went to 
the water where a dear young soul was buried with t. tins 
in baptism Wc held a collection for the mission in St. 
Joseph Mo. II amounted to $6.21. and we are going to 
send a box ,,( clothing. We have commenced our church- 
house- will soon be ready lor roof. We are expecting 
our elder, J. U. G. Stivcrson tobe with us Jan. 6 at our 
council.— Sarah A. Burger, R. F. D. No. 4, Idaho Falls, 
Idaho. Jan. 1. ■ _ ..., ,-,, 

Payette church, Idaho, met in council Dec Ju, Hid 
Stivcrson of Wciser, in charge. All the Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' officers for the coming year were 
elected Superintendent of Sunday school, Bro. Milton 
Krcitzcr; assistant, Bro. Joe Himlcr; president Christian 
Workers' meeting, Bro. Joe Hinder. Bro. Stivcrson was 
chosen elder lor the coming year. Dec. 30 wife and 1 
staned for Newherg, Oregon, where we arc now laboring 
with a devoted body of God's children in a scries of 
meetings. The meetings have started out with bright 
prospests We expect to remain here about three weeks 
or longer, after which wc will go to the Sunnyside church, 
Wash— L. E. Kcltner, Newberg. Oregon, Jan. 2. 
Chicago.— Mv heart is full of gratitude for the many 
boxes and barrels of clothing and bedding which have 
been 50 kindly sent. 1. is through your ihoughtfuhiess, 
dear ones that many poor mothers and children have 
been cheered. God bless each one of you. Two days 
after Christmas a good representation from our Sisters 
\id Society met to distribute baskets. Twenty-one were 
given out to as many homes. These contained mainly 
clothing will, a few toys, books, oranges, etc. We have 
found some pitiful cases. One, a sick father left with 
ihrce motherless children, the youngest a cripple. Here 
they live in one little, dark basement room. How they 
manage to exist is more than 1 can understand. But 
this still ,s not so sad as one even nearer our door. The 
neighborhood was shocked to hear of a mother com- 
mitting suicide, leaving four children with only a drunken 
lather to care for them. They have appealed to us to 
find homes for the baby— a girl of six months— and a 
boy six years old. — Lula V. Sanger. 1SS Hastings St, 
Chicago. Ill, Jan. 5. 

Cerrogordo church has just closed a very interesting 
Sunday school and Bible institute conducted by our elder. 
Br,, 1 G. Rover. Wc certainly received much rich food 
from "our dear brother. We held our council Dec. 29. 
New officers for the Sunday school and Christian Work- 
ers were elected for the ensuing year. Two letters were 
granted We decided to hold an election for a minister 
on the following Sunday afternoon, which resulted in the 
calling of three to the ministry, they being Bro. Levi 
Shively. Bro. Frank Heckman and Bro. Andrew Bhcken- 
slaff, at which time thev were duly installed. They are 
,11 young men of promise— Anna Bingaman. Cerrogordo, 
111, Dec. 31. 

V3S CICSLS.l I" ,.,,■ — --- 

Christian Workers' meeting at Union Grove last Sunday 
evening— John F. Shoemaker, Shideler, Ind, Jan. 2. 

Mexico.-Christmas day we had a Christmas meeting 
S T Fisher one of our home ministers, addressed the 
meeting after which a collection of $24.52 was taken; 
$13 72 for the Brooklyn church and S.0.80 for a neighbor 
whose barn with its contents was consumed by fire.— A. 
D. Lair, Mexico, Ind, Jan. 1. 

Pyrmont.— Since our last report two were received by 
letter, one was reclaimed and one baptized Services were 
conducted on Christinas day by our elder, L 1 . Holsing 
er —Ellen Blickenstaff, Pyrmont, Ind, Jan. 1. 

Salimonia.— Dec. 30 at a called council meeting at the 
Loon Creek house the church met for the Purpose of 
electing a minister. lorin.Moss, a =on of Eld. Aa on 
Moss, was elected to the ministry. Bro P. B_ Fltewater, 
from North Manchester, came to us Dec. 23 and said 
with ns until Dec. 31. While here he delivered ten most 
excellent lectures on the book of Revelation. During each 
day he gave a talk on the book of Genesis. The members 
[eel that they have been greatly benefited. The members 
cided to organize a Christian Workers' meeting to be- 
gin Jan. 7.-Sarah A. Heaston, R. F. D. No. 5, Hunting- 
lon, Ind, Jan. 3. 

South Bend (Second Brethren church).— Since we last 
wrote two dear ones returned to the fold, and two of our 
Sunday-school scholars were baptized. We had the 
pleasure of listening to a sermon by Bro A J. * men. 
This morning Bro. Samuel Borough, of North Manches- 
ter, preached for us. Our parsonage, in connection with 
our churchhouse, was recently vacated. We are anxious 
to have some brother with a family occupy it and also to 
serve as janitor. Will make anyone a good position, lne 
house has six rooms, with modern improvements —rl. 
Johnson, 625 N. Cushing St.. South Bend, Ind, Jan. J. 

Sugar Creek.— Bro. J. I- Guthrie, of Nevada. Ohio, 
came to our west house Nov. 9 and commenced a series 
of meetings, continuing until last evening. Our brother 
labored a little over three weeks, preaching thirty ser- 
mons Six precious souls were received into the church 
bv baptism. We met on Sunday afternoon, Dec. 31, in 
a' Sunday-school meeting. The meeting was well attend- 
ed Several good topics of interest to the Sunday school 
were up for consideration and many good thoughts pre- 
sented At our recent council meeting Sunday school of- 
ficers were elected for our west house for the present 
year; Bro. Henry Ran superintendent. Bro. Harvey Krei- 
<ler assistant.— Landa U Kreider, R. R. No- 1. South 
Whitley, Ind, Jan. 3. 

Union Center district .held a three weeks meeting. 
Bro Felthouse, of Elkhart. Ind, preached for ns. two 
precious souls were made willing to accept Jesus— Jonas 
Frederick. Nappanee, Ind, Jan. 1. 
English River congregation has been- enjoying a rich 
feast in the preached Word and in Bible study. Dec 23 
Eld F Franlz, of McPherson, Kans, came m our midst 
to assist us in studying the great truths in Gods Book. 

„«;„., a Hav one in the forenoon and one 
I-h ha e d ven ng "foHoweV b'y °a deep spiritual discourse 
Par, of each session was devoted to ""^"8^ s . 
great Sermon on the Mount, the remainder to Paul s ems 

L?y SKs r* Se^t^/ thej^ 

S^hSIK^ Brow^Xuiir^is?; 

Iowa, Jan. 3, 

K r o?t5io^,^e1oo1 ^s^ce-fb^^hte- 

lin, Panora, Iowa, Jan. 1. 


Altamont church met in Thanksgiving s " v, " or A "j 1 ; 
i .' ,...,= tiWpii for bin dine a house ot worsnip in 

Cnanute Dec 3 !" Jehad "appropriate Christmas services 


fc5?W.Sa Slur!' ££ W^ak^rc , 
rreasSrer Sister Mae loyce was chosen Messenger agent. 
L'nT'hc' writer as cor'responden, Sunday-school officers 
were elected for six months, Bro. H. J. Trapp superin 
Sent, Bro. W. F. Baker assistant.-Katie Joyce. Alta- 
mont, Kans, Dec. 30. 

Burroak church met in council Dec. 30. Five -letters 
were received. Our Sunday school was reorga ™«A™'* 
Bro. Chas. Sloniker superintendent and Bro. J. F. Bell as 

Kans., Jan. 1. ,„ _ . , 

Cottonwood church met in council Dec. 10. Om -elder 
Rro Pearsoll, was not able to be with us. having been 
confinen to his bed with hear, failure. At our meeting 
Sunday night one young man came out on the Lord s side. 
—Flora B. Sargent, Dnnlap, Kans, Jan. 2. 

.» t^morl P^ous SS^VST-pg 

Kans, Jan. 1. „ . 

Grenola church at her Thanksgiving """SfJ^SSto 
$5.73 to help to build a much-needed meetinghous in 
Canute, Kans. At the council meeting, Dec 30 .Sunday 
school and Chris., an Workers' officers were elected. Sun- 
day-school superintendent. Grace Schul; assistant Orvin 
Scogin. Christian Workers' . president, Walter Wyant 
vice-president, Norman Banning. Our love feast is set 
for June 2, and local Sunday-school meeting June 3 1 love 
feast to begin at 4 P. M. Our series of meetings will be 
gin Sept l^to continue two weeks. The Sunday school 
will render a program on Easter Sunday. We also have 
, organized heading Circle of sixteen members with 
Bro Geo. Eller secretary. Our meetings have good it 
tendance and excellent interest I am Inst beginning^ 
series of meetings n Independence, Kans. 1 ne pros 
pec's for ^ingathering arc good ^ Independence 
church is moving along encouragingly.— Geo. Eller, K f 
D. 3, Moline, Kans, Jan. 2. 

McPherson church met for her business meeting the 
first dav of the new year. Cert.ficates were received and 
granted The nuestion of securing a pastor was deferred 
until our next meeting. As a result of our late series of conducted by Bro. Bame thirty-six were re 
cdvecllnto the church by baptism. Our meetings closed 
with love feast where over two hundred communed, Bro. 
Bame officfating.-Mary S. V. Harshbarger, McPherson, 
Kans, Jan. 3. 

Monitor.-Bro. J. Edson Ulery came to us Dec. 15 and 
b.gan giving us Bible lessons, followed by a short dis- 
course. 6 During holiday week both a forenoon and even- 
ing session was held. The meetings were a decided suc- 
cefs. The members were instructed and awakened. Thir- 
teen were baptized. The meetings closed Dec. 31, w tn 
he promise of Bro. Ulery's return to conduct a similar 
e vice during the holidays of 1906 The c hurc ■ m t m 
council Dec. 29. Church officers and officers ot Christian 
Workers' meeting were chosen for the coming year. Bro. 
J J Yoder is our elder. Sister Anna Stutzman president 
of Christian Workers' meeting Sometime ago a class 
was organized for the study of missions. Books have 
been ordered and we hope to begin study soon in the 
new y«r -Mrs. Emma Yoder. R. F. D. No. 2. Conway 
Springs. Kans, Jan. 3. 

Parsons.-Our special Christmas service was held on 
Christmas night at our church. A program was given by 
The Sunday-school scholars. Exercises, songs and recta- 
ens were rendered very creditably. A Christmas reat 
consisting of nuts, candy and fruit, was given to the 
school On Tuesday night an illustrated Holy Land lec- 
ure was given by' our brother. M Roy Murray, who 
spent last'year in Pales.ine.-Ma Belle Murray. 2522 
Stevens Ave, Parsons, Kans, Dec. 31 

Pleasant View church met in council Dec ,30 .and elect- 
ed both church and Sunday-school officers, Bro_ A *. 
Miller reelected presiding elder. Bro. J. t. bho 
water was elected Sunday-school superintendent and Bro. 
Roy Walden assistant. The writer was ree leeted I corre- 
soondent and Sunday-school secretary. It was decided to 
orlanSe a Christian Workers' meeting to commence Jam 
,.a We had a splendid revival meeting this winter held 
bv Bro Will Miller, of Independence. Kans At tne 
Thanksgiving meeting a collection of oyer tv^ve dollars 
was taken lip for the world-wide mission. Christma- 
morni ng a good sermon was preached by Bro. John Wise. 
-Lottil Rexroad, R. F. D. Box 20. Darlow, Kans, Jan. 1. 
Slatecreet— Dec 9, Eld. William Johnson came down 
fr, ,,- .Wichita to visit his daughter. He attended our serv- 
ed on Sunday and preached for us both morning and 
evening giving us two excellent sermons. On Christmas 
dav Bro F ft. Crumpaeker and wife came down from 
McPherson to visit Sister Crumpacker'S parents Bro. 
Crnnpacxer preached for us on Christmas day - also on 
Samrdav evening and on Sunday morning following.- 
L J. Troxel. Conway Springs. Kans, Jan. 3. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13, 1906. 


Meadow Branch.— Christmas eve the Christian Work- 
ers' meeting reorganized in Westminster, by electing Bro. 
E. M. Bish president. The respective Sunday schools of 
the Meadow Branch congregation, held at the three fol- 
lowing places, Meadow Branch, Westminster and Union 
Mills gave the Sunday-school children a treat over the 
Christmas holidays. The Bible class in Westminster 
continues its meetings at the homes of the Brethren each 
Thursday evening. At Meadow Branch the Sunday- 
school teachers' meeting (6 held each Wednesday evening. 
— W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md., Jan. 4. 

Ridgely church met in council Dec. 27, Eld. G. S. Rat- 
righ presiding. Two letters were granted. Decided to 
give our Thanksgiving collection, $9.02, to- India mission 
fund- the church collection, $21. to home and foreign 
mission, half and half; the Sunday-schuol collection, 
$11 12, to Bro. Quinlan, of Baltimore, Md., to aid him in 
his mission work in Baltimore. The Sunday-school of- 
ficers were elected for six months. Decided to build a 
commodious, churchhouse m the town of Ridgely— D. S. 
Stayer, Ridgely, Md., Jan. 6. 

Woodland.— Bro. T. F. Spitzer, of Summitville, Ind.. 
came to us Dec. 9 and preached thirty-one sermons. 
Four of our Sunday-school girls were baptized. The at- 
tendance and interest were very good. Meeting closed 
Dec. 31. Bro. Spitzer goes from here to Lake Odessa, 
Mich., to hold a two weeks' meeting. We had a Christ- 
mas sermon by Bro. Spitzer, after which an offering of 
$6.21 was received and sent for building Brooklyn church. 
— Anna Christian. Woodland, Mich.. Jan, 1. 


Mound.— We have just enjoyed a feast of good things. 
Bro E. B. Hoff, of the Bethany Bible School, Chicago, 
111., has been with us in a Bible term. Jan. 1 wc held our 
council. Missionary collection, thirteen dollars. — Mollie 
Lenta, Adrian, Mo., Jan. 4. 

Peace Valley church met in council Dec. 30, at our eld- 
er's house, on account of his not being able to come to 
the church. Because of his bodily ailment, Bro. Lemuel 
Hillery handed in his resignation, and the church accept- 
ed it. We selected Bro. F. W. Dove, of Cabool, Mo., to 
act as our elder until we can secure an elder that will 
move among us. In their loneliness, Bro. Hillery and 
wife would take pleasure in hearing from their many 
friends in all parts of the United States. We have reor- 
ganized our Sunday school; Bro. F. E. Cochran is super- 
intendent and Bro. Stanley Coffee assistant. My busi- 
ness calls me to Darlow, Kans., for a time, and those 
wishing to correspond with me can address me at that 
place, R. F. D. No. 1.— A. W. Finfrock, R. F. D. No. 2, 
Box 34, West Plains, Mo., Jan. 1. 

Farrenburg.— Bro. Ira Eby, our elder, came to us Dec. 
30. He preached for us five sermons. He finished his 
preaching for us on New Year's day and evening. Our 
Sunday school meets every Sunday. Dec. 31 the superin- 
tendent gave Bro. Eby half of the time for song service — 
N. W. Fisenbise, Farrenburg, Mo., Jan. 2. 

Afton.— Eld. J. C. Woodie, of the Glen Rock (Nebr.) 
congregation, began our series of meetings Dec. 12. Serv- 
ices closed last evening. The Word of God was preached 
with power. Our spiritual strength was renewed.— Anna 
M. Snell, Cambridge, Nebr., Jan. 1. 

Silver Lake church met in council Dec. 2. Our elder, J. 
J. Kindig, presided. We met on Thanksgiving day. Bro. 
Harkleroad is teaching vocal music. Dec. 20, Eld. J. j. 
Kindig and wife left for California to spend the winter. 
—Mary A. Grabill, Roseland, Nebr., Dec. 30. 

Berthold church met in council Dec. 30, with our elder, 
H C. Longenecker, in charge. Five letters of member- 
ship were granted and two received. One of our home 
ministers, namely, Bro. Wm. Gunter, was chosen to con- 
duct our series of meetings during July next. The com- 
mittee which had been appointed to make some business 
arrangements for the coming district meeting at this 
place gave its report, and same was satisfactorily accept- 
ed Our Sunday school is evergreen and it is progress- 
ing nicely.— C. H. Petry, Berthold, N. Dak., Jan. 3. 

Deering.— Eld. H. F. Maust, of Ireton, Iowa, came to 
this place Dec. 21 and held meetings for us in our school- 
house preaching ten sermons and closing Dec. 31. At- 
tendance and interest good.— Emerson *6harpe, Deering. 
N. Dak., Jan. 1. 

Salem.— Our church met in council Dec. 28, and being 
without a resident elder, our foreman, Bro. C. F. Boyd, 
presided, and his time having expired we chose Bro. J. 
W Brooks foreman until we choose an elder. We reor- 
ganized our Sunday school and reelected Bro. L. W. Betz 
superintendent, Bro. J. W. Shively assistant; the writer, 
church correspondent. We have just put a furnace under 
our church and are building a barn 2Sx84 feet for the pro- 
tection of horses in cold weather. We decided to start a 
mission point at Eagland, a new town in the northwest 
corner of our territory and chose Bro. G. W. Shively, of 
Olmstead, to assist Brethren Chas. Deardorf and Puter- 
baugh of Rocklake church, to arrange for the work.— 
Mrs. Sadie Boyd, Newville, N. Dak., Jan. 1. 

Surrey church met in council Dec. 30. Bro. F. H. 
Bradley and Bro. Geo. Strycker presided. Two letters 
were received and seven granted. It bajng the last ot the 
we elected all of our church officers for another 
Eld Geo Strycker was chosen as our church over- 
seer for one year. Bro. J. E. Coy was elected Sunday- 
school superintendent and John Deeter, Jr., assistant; the 
writer corresponding secretary.— Manerva Lambert, Sur- 
rey, N. Dak., Jan. 3. 

Ashland.— Bro. E. S. Yloung, of the Canton Bible Insti- 
lute closed a very interesting Bible school in the Ashland 
church Dec. 31. Two precious Sunday-school scholars 
were baptized on the last day of the year, and two ap- 
plicants. — W. F. England, Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Beech Grove.— Bro. A. Neher, of Tippecanoe City came 
to us Dec. 30 and preached three very acceptable >ermons 
—Oliver Royer, New Madison, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Canton.— A series of meetings was held at the Center 
house. The preaching was done by Bro Samuel Sprauklc. 
of Missillon, Ohio. It began Dec. 17 and closed Dec. 
31, Eighteen sermons were preached. Bro. Noah Longe- 
necker, of the East Nimishillen church, came and assisted 
ior a few meetings, and presided at our council Dec. 23. 
Arthur Culler, a student from Juniata College, gave a mis- 
sionary sermon Dec. 25. One was restored to fellowship. 
—Geo. S. Grim, Louisville, Ohio, Jan. 1 

Donnels Creek.— Dec. 12 Bro. J. H. Wright, of North 
Manchester, Ind.. began a scries of meetings at New Car- 
lisle, closing Dec 27. The immediate resuli was four 
added to the church by baptism. On Christmas evening 
an address was given to the young people. His subject 
was " Be a Man." The house was full of attentive 
listeners. This is the second series of meetings Bro 
Wright has held in this congregation, having preached at 
the Donnels Creek house ten years ago. Our council was 
held Dec. 30. Sunday-school superintendents were chos- 
en for the coming year. Sister Delia Peifer and Bro. C 
M. Smith were reelected for Donnels Creek and Brethren 
Simon Creddlebaugh and Harvev Baker for New Carlisle. 
— Hettie Barnhart, R. F. D. No. 4, Box 95, New Carlisle, 
Ohio. Dec. 31. 

Mogadore.— Ai our last regular council meeting, Nov. 
11, we had some verv important and impressive business, 
Bro. Wm. Bixler and Bro. M. S. Young were advanced to 
the second degree of the ministry. Elders David Young 
and Chas Kinsley, from the East Nimishillen church, were 
with us to assist in tins work. It was also decided to 
have a series of meetings in the near future. Dec. 6, Bro. 
Ruben Shroyer, from Canton, Ohio, came and preached 
for u* until Dec. 21, expecting to go from here to our 
other 1 place of worship at Kent. On account of an acci- 
dent, Bro. Shroyer was not able lo leave home, and Bro. 
Wm. Bixler conducted the services throughout the week, 
closing Dec. 30 with a communion meeting. This was the 
first communion ever held at this place, and no dotlbl 
many of the spectators never saw anything of this kind 
before. Some twenty of our brethren and sisters un- 
rounded the Lord's table.— Hnrvcy E. Kurtz, Mogadore, 
Ohio, Jan. 2, 

Newton.— The Sunday following the close of our meet; 
ings five more earnest young men and women confessed 
Christ. We have adopted the extending an invitation al 
our regular preaching services.— Mary 1. Scnscman, 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Oak Grove. — The report made of Oak Grove serius of 
meetings is a mistake in regard to Eld. James Harp, our 
presiding elder. It should have been our home minister. 
—A. H. Baum, R. F. D. No. 4, Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Palestine.— Bro. A. G. Crosswhite came to us the even 
ing of of Dec. 11. to aid us in a scries of meetings at 
the Ft. Jefferson house. .He remained two weeks, prcai ll 
ing fifteen sermons. One was received by baptism, 
Lucy Baker, R. R. No. 3, Greenville, Ohio, Dee. 31. 

Red River.— On Christmas eve Bro. Ezra Flory closed 
his three weeks' work with us. Two were received into 
i he church by baptism. The membership received much 
spiritual strength. Dec. 21 we met in council and elected 
Bro Willis Kreider superintendent and Bro. A. W. Sny- 
der assistant for the Sunday school of 1906.— Arthur B. 
Ullrey, Bradford, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Rockton. — We had the pleasure of having with us over 
Sunday Sister Lizzie Swarlz and husband. Sister Maggie 
Ober and husband, of Indiana county, Pennsylvania. At 
our council Robert Nedrow, our elder, was with us, Bro. 
Elmer Nedrow was with him. We elected new Sunday- 
school and Christian Worker officers. Bro, Frank Bilger 
was home on .\ short vacation from Juniata College. — 
Libhic Hollopeter, Peutz, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Springville church met in council Jan. 1, Eld. John 
llerr, of Myerstown. Pa., presided. Missionary solicitors 
arc lo take collections fur different purposes; Sunday- 
school officers were elected for this year; school to open 
in spring. Four members were received by letter; three 
applicants for baptism— Aaron R. Gibbel. R. F, D. 1. 
Ephrata, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Hickerson Grove church met Dec. 31 and reorganized 
our Sunday school for the coming year, with Bro. A.' C, 
Voting superintendent and the writer assistant. We are 
only a little band of workers in tins part of the Master's 
vineyard, yet we arc not discouraged.- Hettie NetT, 11. R. 
No. 2, Tullahoma, Tcnn., Jan, 2. 

. 23, Bro, Wine was 
We had an enjoy 
i lut Sunday school 


Big Creek church met in special council Dee. 21 to hold 
election for a minister. Brethren Henry Brubaker and 
Ananias Neher, of the Paradise Prairie church, were with 
us to assist in the work. The choice of the church was 
so nearly divided between two brethren that it was 
thought best to call the two, Oliver H. Austin and Alhia 
Edgecomb. Our young workers have their first meeting 
Sunday evening; they were organized at our last regular 
council; officers chosen were O. H. Austin president, SM- 
ter Jennie Gorham vice-president.— A. W. Austin. Lush- 
ing, Okla., Jan. 6. 

Guthrie.— Christmas day we met at the church to hold 
Christmas services. A number of short talks were given. 
After services a collection was taken for the world-wide 
mission, amounting to six dollars.— Lizzie M. Lehman, 
R. R, 8, Guthrie, Okla., Jan. 1. 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 30, our elder, G. 
W Landis, presiding. Eld. D. E. Cripe and family, of 
Mounds. I. T., have located with us. We decided to or- 
ganize Sunday school. Five letters were received. Sister 
Cripe was chosen superintendent, Bro. Niccum 
— Edith Landis, Box 1, Chuckaho, Okla.. Jan. 2. 

Chiques.— Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of Canton, Ohio, came 
to us Dec. 28 and began a series of meetings al the 
Chiques house, to continue indefinitely. Jan. 1 a BpCCia 
New Year's service was held at the same place, several 
visiting ministers being present.— John C. Zug, Master- 
sonville, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Codorus church met in council Jan. 1, Eld. D. Y. Bril- 
hart presiding. One letter of membership was received. 
The Sunday school was reorganized; S. B. Myers super 

mtendent and Wm. Hartman assistant.— J. L. Myers, K 
F. D. No. 3, Glen Rock, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Hyndman church met in council Dec. 30, the writer 
presiding, our elder, C. G. Lint, not being with us. We 
elected our Sunday-school officers for the ensuing yar, 
Bro Edward Hardin superintendent. If Brethren travel- 
ing East or West through our town can make it suit to 
top off and preach for us it would be greatly appreciated. 
-Thos. Hardin, Hyndman, Pa., Jan, 1. 

Jacobs Creek.-Our council met Dee. 30, Eld. W. D. 
Brancher presiding. Bro. Brancher IS retained u presid- 
ing elder for the new year. Our Sunday school (Ml. Joy) 

* reorganized the next day. Bro. J. K. Eichcr being 
L -n superintendent for 1906,-Frank B. Myers, Star 

,.„.e, Mt. Pleasant* Pa., Jan. 1. 

Mountville district held its council meeting at the 
MourtviHe house Dec. 2/,, Eld. H. E. Light prcudin* 
Bro I N Mus'er was appointed superintendent ot me 
Mountville Sunday school and the writer superintendent 
for Petersburg Sunday school. In connection with the 
council an election was held for a deacon. Elders I W. 
Taylor and Hiram Gibble held the election. The choice 
fell on Bro. Benjamin N. Brenneman, who was duly in- 
stalled the same day, Eld. I. W. Taylor offie,at,ng.-A. S. 
Hottenstein, East Petersburg, Pa., Jan. 2. 


Saginaw church met in council Dei 
chosen delegate to district meeting. l..\e least the last of November. 
is gaining in interest and numbers. Bro. Wine gave us an 
excellent Christmas sermon \~><-c. 24.- M. C. Wrightsman, 
Saginaw, Texas, Jan, 1 

Antloch.— Bro. D. Newton Ellcr, ol Dnleville, Va„ com- 
menced preaching for us Dec, 23, continuing until Dec, 30, 
preaching ten sermons and leaching some special Bible 
work through the day. hive precious souls were made 

willing to lake l llfisl as their Savior and were baptized. 

The church was much encouraged.— J. A, Naff, Boons 
Mill, Va., Jan. -'. 

Coulson. Brethren Ananias Harmon and s. P, llylion 
came to our church Dec. 23 and preached that evening, 
ami also on Sunday Bro. Hyllon gave us some good ad 
vice as to how to celebrate Christmas. I'll." C. Coulson, 
K f I), No I, Woodlnwn, Va., Jan 2, 

Free Union. Al lite Union church we held a Thanks 

giving service, conducted by Bro. ti. A. Matipilt. All 

seemed lo enjoy the meeting. There was a collection of 

s,.>5 up for the finishing of the house, which is very 
badly needed. We also organized Christian Workers' 

meeting Chrisltnas day, Mary A, Vice, Free II n,.Va„ 

Ian .' 

Mill Creek. Dec, 23 Bro. C, B, Holsingcr, Musical lull 
lor of the Brethren Publishing Hone, came lo us to con 
,lu,i a singing school during the holidays, Bro. Holsing- 
er worked haul, singing day and night, had a large class, 

and made a SUCCCSS 01 III*' work, ll was the first lime 

that our congregation had the good fortune of having 
Bro, [-Iolsingci wiih us, Wc were will pleased with his 
work, lie remained with us until Sunday mght, Dec. 31, 
He expected to begin a class at Stlllgcrville Jan. -'. We 
had "in- usual devotional exercises on thanksgiving day, 

I. in Thanksgiving collection was post] cd until Dec 

,',1, which amounted to $23.62 lor district missions, J, I'. 
Diclil, R, 1'. I), No. I, Harrisonburg, Va., Jan, .!. 

Peters Creek. Our Sun. lay school and missionary meet- 
ing held al Peters tuck church Dec, •« and -"'. was 
one full ol the Spirit. I>c 2K. Sunday-school meeting, 
very well attended, Every speaker was prcsenl and pre 

pared to meet his obligi ii. Dec. ."', missionary meel 

mg as good as the Suinl.iv scl I meeting. At the close 

of each session a question l)OX was hail which vv.i 

tensely interesting, I. II. Wimmcr, R. R, No. 1, Salem, 

Va , Jan. 1. 

Wirtz (Brick church), Bro, John Barnharl began J 

series of 'tings al Ibis place Dec. 25 and closed Dec. 

31 The attendance was good, and the members were 
tly encouraged, D. B. Ncff, It. P. D. i, Wirtz, Va.. 


Eltopia. One year ago we filed our I tcstcad rite 

where will) the exception of one family, the country was 
uninhabited. Since then others have moved in and we 
have formed a school district, built a si ilhousc, and to- 
day have org ned vergrcen Sunday school, with 

Sister Nettie E. Flory juperintendenl We expect to have 

,,,1,11,,. services l.y the Brethren al lilts place twice 

each month. Our working to I members at present is 

,,,.1,1 ,,i whom one is a deacon and one .i minister. We 
,.,,,, ],,, members lo move in soon, -Enoch 1-aw, El- 

lopia, Wash , Dec, 24, 

Wenatchec church met in council Dee. 30. Our elder 

in charge, A, IS Peters, being in the east, Eld. Jesse 

Peters presided, It has been i ded thai soon after the 

return of Eld, A It Peters he will hold a scries of meet- 
ings for us. Our Sunday school was reorganized Dec 31, 
,,,,', I, Bro fames Miles superintendent and Bro. John 

Spurline assistant. It has been in school, but since 

„ ,s now held in our new churchhouse we have a doptcd 
,1„. name Brethren Sunday school.— L. E. Ulrich, R. F. D. 
No 2, W. ii.ii.liee, Wash., Jan. 1. 

Alleghany church met in council Dec. 23, Willi Eld. W. 
F Nine presiding. The attendance was unusually large. 
Marion Nine was elected agent for the Brethren 



Bro. ivi 

Publishing House for the coming year. Ihc undersigned 
, , , |,., i,„| correspondent and solicitor for home and tor- 
eign missions Ora Nine, Gormania, W. Va., Jan. 5. 

Mount Union church met. in council Dec. 30, Bro Jasper 
Barnthousc moderator, Four letters were granted. Our 
,chool was organized for the coming year. Su- 


iW 3, Box 24, Morgantown, W. Va., 
Island Lake.-Wc would be very glad if a minister 
could come up through here, and think he might do a 
crood work, as there are but few religious people here — 
Sister E. Clark, Island Lake, Wis., Dec. 30. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.-January 13, 1906. 

house of our own ... w inch to w pr eachi„g 

„ w , h ,„ bund , i,™... .i»d -" tl, ; l ;; 1 "™ , b .boui 

sermons. Wc had a full house each tune. We hate 
^ lot some of the brethren with us "^ 

R. F. D. No. 2, Box 15, Leaksville, N. C, Dec. 25. 


On Dec 24, 1905, at 10 P. M„ while millions of chil- 
dren were dreaming of the coming festival and older ones 
tere meditating upon the angelic message to the ud an 
Shepherds, God sen, another angel to say to our ea 
father "It is enough, come up higher. And while 

ids who were present though, he was quietly sleep ng 
his spirit leaned forth and was borne by angels to the 
paradise of God. And without a struggle the battle was 

°The subject of this notice was born in Floyd county, 
Virginia Nov. 11, 1S22. In this county he lived and la- 
bored for about seventy-eight years. The renaming per- 
.ion of his life he spent in Carroll county, where Ins work 
was ended. His sojourn on earth was eighty-three years, 
one month and thirteen days. 

He was baptized into the Brethren church on Oct. B, 
1843; elected deacon in 1844, installed into the ministry in 
1S46 and ordained to the eldership in 1850. In this posi- 
,ion he faithfully served the church as long as he was 
physically able. He was active in the ministry for about 
fifty years. For many years he has been the oldest in 
office of any elder in the First District of Virginia. Dur- 
ing the first half of his ministry he was very active and 
aggressive, and during the troublous times of war many 
were baptized by him into Christ. Others enjoyed his 
aid and protection, and some escaped ll.e war by follow- 
ing Ins council. He served on several committees 111 our 
Stale district, and a few times served on the Standing 
Committee, always paying his own expenses as was cus- 
tomary with us in those early days. 

He was twice married. On Nov. 27, 1844, he and 
Frances Bowman were married, and unlo Ibis union were 
born nine children, iwo of whom with their mother pre- 
ceded him to the spirit world. Of the seven survivors 
five are sons and Iwo daughters. Three sons are min- 
isters, two being elders, and one a deacon. His father 
was the late Eld. Austin Hyllon, of Tennessee, and the 
ministry has been continued to the fourth generation. 

His last marriage was to Sarah J. Carter, who survives 

He was buried at the Hyllon cemetery, in Floyd county 
where he spent the greater portion of his life. 

C. D. Hyllon. 

"if, we should approach and read God's Ho y Book. 

This was followed by some very benefice! ms'ru '.°ns 
on » Doctrinal Subjects," "The Sunday School and 
"The I if of Christ," by Flora Teague, » Evidences o 
Christianity." by W. C. Hanawalt, and "The Influence of 
Hip Bible" by H. R. Taylor. 

''The illustrated lecture on "The "* * Cbn* *£ 
R Taylor and the lecture on " Miracles,' by W. C. Hana 

"trTThurtd^ morning .here gathered in .he co.lege 
chape a large number of Sunday-school workers repre- 
nTng n arfy all the Sunday schools of the district. 
Tl entire meeting overflowed with earnest speeches 
among which was "The Bible in Use in Sunday-school 
Sessions" by Mrs. S. W. Funk. 

The Round Table, was conducted very successfully by 
Ihe moderator, J. W. Chile. 

Following this Sister Flora Teague gave some good 
lessons as to how we should study our Sunday-school 
lessons for best results. 

Our district secretary. J. W. Cline, then gave a report 
of the district, which showed that a great interest was be- 
ing manifested in the Sunday-school work. 

Afier the business session in the afternoon E. T. Keiser 
talked on the subject, " Problems We Confront." 

The program covered many of the phases of Sunday- 
school work. All who had topics discussed them in the 
most instructive manner, which showed that the greatest 
preparation had been given the subject assigned. 

The missionary was equally as enthusiastic 
as the Sunday-school convention, and from the large at- 
tendance showed that our people are awake to the need 
of mission work. 

Bro. George Lel.mer, of Los Angeles, conducted the 
devotional exercises, after which the subject, District 
Evangelism," was earnestly discussed by S.ster Sarah 
Kuns and Bro. David Overholtzer. 

E T Keiser then gave an excellent talk on ' Missionary 
Problems Confronting Our District," which seemed to 
rally the listeners to the aid of the mission board. 

One of the most interesting talks of the day was that 
of " Mission Work in Local Churches," by S.ster Cath- 
erine Newsom. She brought before our minds the many 
opportunities that were daily passing by unheeded, and 
how we might grasp these opportunities were we awake 

to our duly. ,,. . 

"The Relation Between Home and Foreign Mission 
Work" was ably discussed by H. R. Taylor. 

Each of the subjects was open for general discussion 
and many excellent talks were given. 

At the close of the meeting a missionary offering was 
taken and a collection of about twenty dollars received, 
to be used for various missionary purposes. 

The Bible school was very enjoyable, and we feel that 
a great step has been taken towards the advancement of 
the heavenly kingdom. 

And as we stand on the threshold of another new year 
let us strive to push forward in the Master's vineyard. 

Azusa, Cal., Dec. 27. Lora E. Brubaker. 

Miller-Bonebreak.-At the home of the bride's Parents 

Claude Miller, boll, of Robins, Iowa. S. B. Miller. 

^.sdale.-A, .he home o^ the bride, parents, Bro. 

& Sie^neV Dec V 5 |U,ss Jennie Tisda.e : and 
James A. Reed, of Spnngville, Iowa. 




This spiritual meeting lasted five days and was one of 
the most successful held in southern California. The Bi- 
ble meeting opened Dec. 17 and continued three days. 
This was followed by the Sunday-school convention and 
missionary day. 

The many stirring addresses and the great interest 
manifested throughout the Bible session, proved to be an 
excellent forerunner of the enthusiastic Sunday-school 
meeting which followed. 

The first address on the program was that of " Prayer," 

•' What therefore God hath joined tosether. let not man put asunder. " 

Billups-Hess.-At the home of Sister Ivy Walter, Dec 
9 1905, Bro. Elbert F. Billups and Ada E. Hess boll, of 
Nezperce, Idaho, by the undersigned. B. J. rife. 

Brane-Pefley.-At Ihe home of Ihe bride's parents, 
Brother and Sister G. M. Petley, Dec. 24, 1905, by -the 
undersigned, Bro. Arch E. Brane and Sister Lula Belle 
Petley. all of Parsons, Kans. Chas. A. Miller. 

Dorcas-Zuck — By the writer at his residence in Cedar 
Rapids Iowa, Dec. 21, 1905. Miss Golden Zuck, of Clar- 
ence. Iowa, and Homer A. Dorcas, of Tipton, Iowa. 

S. B. Miller. 
Gorsuch-Bock.— At New Paris, Ind.. at the home of the 
undersigned, Dec. 16, 1905. Owen. C. Gorsuch and Mabel 
A. Bock, boll, of Elkhart county, Indiana. 

Henry Neff. 

Haynes-Wheeler.— At the home of the bride's uncle, 
Brother and Sister Isaiah Wheeler, at Cerrogordo. III., 
Dec 24, 1905. by Ihe undersigned. Bro. Win. F. Haynes, 
of Laplace, III., and Sister Etta B. Wheeler of Cerro- 
gordo. 111. Geo ' W - Wlller - 

Hinton-Heck.— On College Hill. Elizabclhtown, Pa.. 
Dec 25 1905, Mr. North M. Hinton, of Pittsburg, Pa., 
and Sister Anna Heck, of Elizabethtown, Pa 

I. N. H. Beahm. 

Hoover-Lichty — At the home of the bride's parents, 
Brollu-r and Sister W. M. Lichty, ,n ihe Rock Creek 
church, near Sabelha. Kans.. Dec. 25, 1905, by Ihe un- 
dersigned Bro. Franklin J. Hoover and Sister Mary E. 
Lici.ty. T. A. 

McElwain-Pefley. — At the home of the bride's parents, 
Brother and Sister G. M. Pe.ley. Dec. 24. 1905, by the 
undersigned, Bro. Elmer E. McElwain, of McCune, Kans., 
and Sister Rosa M. Petley, of Parsons, Kans. 

Chas. A. Miller. 

■■ Blessed are tho dead rchlc h die in Ihe Lord." 

Death Notiee. of Children Under Five Year, Not F °^^__. 

Alderfer Marv J., of Yellow River congregation, In^ 

pr°e « d«d er "o ^spirit land July 14. 1899 , ... 


assisted by Eld. H. H. tfrallier. J 

Arnold Sister Mary, died of apoplexy, Nov. 9, 1905 
~T5fe S ^tav-o-t^e^band h £ 

signed. Interment in cemetery near by. Eli yourtee. 
lohnson Mary Elizabeth, died in the bounds of the Ft 

g ,0 e°t ingiish the fire the mother burned her hands 
mg to e-xiiiib L " . . fp-j-pj s ie wl lose both 

hands" -fn^e a. ^'con^y^Noali Fisher, 
from 1 Peter 1: ^4, <o. 

be^ r a,rwr«rge° '&£ «fp^| 

uniln was blessed with five sons and 'hreedaughters 
Three sons and one daughter preceded her to the spirit 
world She united with the Brethren church ,n 1856, in 
„h h faith she lived. Her life in God s service was con- 
sistent. She performed the duties of a taconj wute 

JM f two m d\ n ,, y ghS r , S -tw S o he bro?h V e e rs «" "sisT 
Sice ^"dieted |, the Palestine church by ..^writer, 
assisted by Bro. B. r- Sharp. 

Rurk Martha Haines, born in Botetourt county. Vir- 
cin died I at her son's, John Burk, M.ddletown, Ind., aged 
83 years 7 months and 14 days. She was married to 
Daniel Burk Feb 11, 1845. To this union were born 
Sree sons and five daughters. The father and daughter 
preceded her to the world beyond. She eaves three sons 
She was a member of the Methodist church for almost 
threescore years and ten. She also leaves one sister. 
Funeral services at the Methodist church by her pastor, 
Mr. Jones. Interment in Miller cemetery.^ r q ^ 

Callege, Sister Gertie, died in Hagerstown, MA, Nov. 
22 at ihe home of her father and mother, after an illness 
of five or six weeks from abscess of the stomach, aged 
28 years" 4 months and 5 days. She leaves father, moth- 
er one brother and three- sisters. Funeral services at the 
house bv Bro. W. S. Reichard and the undersigned. In- 
terment in cemetery at Martinsburg, W. Va.. ^^ 

Clarv Mrs Elizabeth, died Dec. 18, 1905, near Linga- 
nore lid. of cancer. Interment at Locust Grove ceme- 
tery Services by Bro. S. H. Utz. Maggie E. Ecker. 

Cross S Z., of Lacon, 111., died at the home of Oliver 
Treass, at Chi Hcothe, 111., aged 58 years. Bro. Cross had 
been to Barton Corner, Mo., in search of land Return- 
' Ume he was taken sick at Kansas City, and M.ed be- 
fore 1," reached his home. He was born at Co umbia 
Ohio- came to this county when five years of age, settling 
in Carroll county. Illinois. Thence he moved near Lacon, 
111 It was in this section he attended Bro. C. S Hoi- 
ringer's meetings. He united with the church and lived 
a consistent Christian. He leaves a wife and three chil- 
dre,° Funeral service was conducted a. his home -by .Mr 
Steed, of Lacon, III. His remains were laid to rest in the 
Lacon cemetery. S - |- H '"™"" 

Dodd, Ora, daughter of Frank and Anna Dodd died _at 
their home in Garden Grove, Iowa Dec 28 1905 aged 
14 years and 6 months, less one day. Services at the 
Methodist church in Woodland tto which she was a 
convert). Scripture lesson by Bro. D. 1.. Sears sermon 
bv the writer, lext, Mark d.j>. '-- 

Driver, Bro. John P., of the Elk Run congregation, son 
of Bro Joseph Driver, deceased, of near Solon Va., de- 
parted lh°s We Dec. 27, 1905, aged 64 years 10 1 months 
and 8 days. The deceased leaves a widov- and four bro ti- 
ers Bro Driver was a faithful member in the church for 
a con , iderable number of years. He was in declining 
neaUh in the last few years of his life He was anointed 
about two weeks prior to his death. Funeral services by 
Eld AS Thomas, of Beaver Creek congregation, text, 
I=a 3 10 assisted by Bro. D. C. Zigler, of the home con- 
gregation'. 3 Sen.ices y a. Elk Run ^urch. Interment in 
The cemetery near by. ° f- Sm ' th ' 

Eiler Samuel, died Dec. 23, 1905 aged 86 years, 9 
months and 21 days. He was married to Susanna Cook 
X preceded him May 31, 1875. . He was the father of 
nine children, all by the first marriage,. five preceding hm 
to the great beyond. His last marriage was to Eliza 
Jennings 3 She with two sons and two daughters survive 
him On account of old age and he left his 
home at Middletown. Ind. to spend the winter at the 
Old Folks' Home, where he passed away. He united 
will, the Brethren church early in life, soon afterwards 
being called to the ministry, and was an ordained minister 
for about forty years. He was a man of rare ability and 
acouired an excellent knowledge of the Bible. He was a 
consent member of the church and a devoted worker 
until death. Funeral services were conducted at the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13, 1906. 

Honey Creek church by Eld. Moses Smeltzer. assisted by 
Eld. D. F. Hoover. Text, Rev. 14:13. Interment at Mil- 
ler cemetery. Florida J. E. Green. 

Empswiller, Wesley, died at Mount Calvary, Va., Dec 
19, 1905, aged 74 years, 11 months and 19 days. He was 
taken sick with pneumonia on Sunday and died on Tues- 
day. He is survived by his wife and one son. Services 
were conducted at Antioch church by Eld. S. A, Shaver 
and J M Ryman. He was buried in the Massanutton 
cemetery at Woodstock. M. H. Copp, 

Evans, John Samuel, son of Thomas F. and Lydia Ev- 
ans, of Roseland, Nebr., and grandson of Eld. S. M. For- 
ney, of Kearney, Nebr., came to his death Dec. 23, 1905, 
by accidental gunshot, while in search of game for a sister 
who was seriously ill. In attempting to cross a fence, the 
gun in his own hands was discharged, killing him almost 
instantly. Funeral service by the writer. 

David G. Wine. 
Fry Hugh Edward, son of Bro. Readus Fry, died near 
Conicville, Shenandoah Co., Va., Dec. 21, 1905, aged IS 
years, 3 months and 22 days. He attended school until 
noon on the day of his death. After dinner he took sick 
and in a few hours was a corpse. Funeral services by the 
writer in the Reformed church at Conicville. 

J. Carson Miller. 

Funk, Sister Anna Ascum, died at the home of her son. 
near Axtell, Kans., in the bounds of the Vermillion con- 
pregation Dec. 24, 1905, aged 79 years, 2 months and 20 
days. Deceased was born in Maryland. In 1846 she was 
united in marriage to Daniel Funk. To them were born 
live sons and one daughter. Her husband preceded her to 
the spirit world about twenty-four years ago. Five sons 
remain. Sister Funk was a member of the Brethren 
church for fifty-eight years, and was a faithful member. 
She was anointed a few days before her death. Funeral 
services were held in the M. E. church in Axtell by J. R. 
Frantz, assisted by Eld. Hamilton of the M. E. church. 
Her remains were laid to rest in the Axtell cemetery. 

Eva Lena Frantz. 
Ganger, Fern Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac Ganger, died 
in West Goshen, Ind., Dec. 23, 1905, aged 6 years and 11 
months. She leaves a father, one brother and one sister. 
Her mother, who was a member of our church, departed 
this life several years ago. Funeral services were con- 
ducted by Bro. C. A. Huber. A. B. Cripe. 

Garver, Sister Susetta, died Dec. 19, 1905, at Frederick- 
Hospital, Md., of appendicitis, aged 61 years, 1 month 

;inr t days. She was anointed before her death. She 

leaves nine children. She was a faithful sister and an af- 
fectionate mother. Interment Locust Grove cemetery. 

Rupp Sister Annie Luetta, wife of Bro. Nathan Rupp, To them were born four sons and three daughters, 
died of 'consumption at her home near Bareville, Pa.. Dec. -ons and two daughters preceded him to the spirit w 
1905, aged 32 years, 2 months and 15 days. She leave: 

14: 14. 

15. ... 

a husband. One infant daughter preceded her to tn< 
spirit world. She was a mother to the motherless and 
widow. She was a devoted worker in the church and 
Sunday school. She taught the young ladies' Bible 
five years. Services by the brethren from 2 Sam. 
Interment in the family gravevard near her home. 

Sallie Pfautz. 
Secrist, Sister Vergie. daughter of Brother Matthew 
and Sifter Ada Sccnst. died Dec. 23, 1905, in the Augh- 
wick church, Huntingdon Co., Pa., after an illness of al- 
most three weeks, aged 18 years and 3 days. She leave- 
a father, mother, two brothers and three sisters. She 
united with the church in January. 1902, at a serves of 
meetings conducted by Bro. W. S. Long at Juniata Col- 
lege. She lived a consistent Christian life. Services by 
the writer, assisted by Bro. Geo. Swayne, from Psa. 31: 5. 

■ W. F. Spidle. 
Sherley, Sister .Sarah Summers, wife of Bro. David 
Sherley born in Lancaster county. Pennsylvania, died at 
her home near Conway, Kans., Dec. 18, 1905, aged 6!> 
years, 6 months and 23 days. Her life was truly Chris- 
tian. Husband, one son and four daughters mourn her 
departure. Funeral held in Monitor church. Services by 
Brethren M. J. Mishler and J. J. Yoder, from Philpp. 1:21. 

J. J. Voder. 

Smith, Sister Louisa, died Nov. 30, 1905, near Union- 
ville Md., of consumption. She leaves a husband and 
seven children. Services at Rocky Hill by Bro. S. K. Utz 
and J. O. Williar. Interment adjoining cemetery. 

Maggie E. Ecker. 

Tice, Sister Sarah, died at the home of her daughter, 
Mr<; L M. Coate, at New London, Ind., Dec. 23, 1905, 
aged 67 years and 25 days. She was the mother of seven 
children, of whom two sons and one daughter survive 
her Mother united with the Brethren church in her early 
years and lived a devoted Christian life. She was laid 
to rest in the New London cemetery. Funeral serv- 
ices by Mr. Pratt, pastor of the Holiness Christian church. 

H. R. Tice. 

Troxel, Jacob, born in Darke county, Ohio, March 14. 
1823 died at his home near Conway Springs. Kans Nov. 
23, 1905. aged 82 years, 8 months and 9 days He was 
united in marriage to Martha J. Mahan, March 28, IKSU 

He was an active chiircli worker, a minister -over fifty ■ 
years. The Sunday before he died he preached his last 
sermon. He always sUuul firm for the principles once 
delivered to the saints, Funeral services conducted by 
Eld. John Wive J. M. Troxel. 

Ulrey, Sister Frances, died at her home near Mound 
City, MO., Dec. 30, 1905, aged 72 y<'ars and 10 days. She 
was married to David Ulrey. June 22, 1S62. To them were 
born seven children, all of whom preceded her to the 
spirit world except two. A husband, two daughters and 
one brother are left to mourn. Funeral services at the 
home and at the Bethlehem church by Bro. V). W. Crist. 
Sallie E. Miller. 
Wolf, Sister Catharine VI., died in Kingman cnuntv. 
Kansas, Dec. 5. 1905, aged 70 years. 2 months and 20 
days. She was born in Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania; 
united in marriage to Peter Wolf in 1858, She was the 
mother Of twelve children, four of whom preceded her to 
the spiril world, She was a faithful member of the 
church for forty-five years. Services at the Wichita 
church by the home ministers. Interment in the Kechis 
cemetery, Jacob Funk. 

Wolfe, Floyd Arliss. died in the bounds of the English 
River congregation, ncai South English, lowa, Erom ;» 

complication of Brigllt's disease with other troubles, Dec, 
24, 1905, aged 24 years, 7 months and 25 days, Funeral 
in the church east Of South English, !>v Eld, H, C. N. 

Coffman, assisted by Eld, C. E, Wolf, of Ottumwa, Iowa, 
from Amos 4: 12. Peter Brower. 

Hces by Eld. S. H. Utz. 

History of the Brethren.— By M. G. Brumbaugh. This 
IB written from the most valnulilc early reeonln, nrut a'wea a Hat 
of many enrly members in Europe mid Ainerkn will) blogriphlGI of 
the lendciB, anulyiea the influence* Hint led to Alexander NUck'n 
action at Schwurienau in forming die Brethren cburcli, and ronialna 
a description of the EpUrata Society movement. Profusely ilhu- 
1 rated with line ciiKiavinu*. The work 1» authentic, thoroughly re- 
liable and Intensely In te re I ting, Ih well printed in clear type, and 
Hubstant tally bound. 559 pane*. Price, morocco, gilt edge, $j.oo; 
half morocco, silt edge,; cloth, (i.oo. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

of a 

She was the 
of whom survive her. 
R. T. Hull. 

Text. Rev. 14:13, 14. 

Maggie E. Ecker. 
Heiser, James, son of Joseph Heiser, died Dec. 3, 1905, 
near Linganore, Md., of membranous croup, aged 12 
years Interment at Locust Grove cemetery. Services 
by Bro. S. K. Utz. Maggie E. Ecker. 

Hess Esther, of the West Side, Goshen, Ind., died Dec. 
20, 1905, aged 80 years, 5 months and 15 days. Dec. 10. 
1845, she was married to Daniel Hess, who died April 7, 
1905. To them were born eleven children; six are still 
living. She also leaves one sister and two brother/ 
John and Esther Miller, her parents, settled 
hart county, Indiana, about 1839, she being 01 
family of fourteen children. For sixty years sin 
member of the Brethren church.. Funeral services by 
Eld. J. Stafford. A- B- Cripe. 

Hostetler Sister Annie, wife of Bro. Jacob Hostetler, 
died in the bounds of Middle Creek congregation, Somer- 
set Co., Pa., Dec. 15, 1905, aged 49 years, 
mother of twelve children, nim 
Funeral services by the writer. 

Haldeman, Sister Ellen, died Dec. 22, 1905, in Osawa- 
tomie hospital, Kansas, aged 55 years, 5 months and u 
days. She leaves a husband, three sons, an aged mother, 
three brothers and one sister. She was laid to rest in 
the Morrill cemetery, Kansas. Services in the Morrill 
church by the writer, assisted by the Baptist pastor, 
from Isa. 38:1. John Eisenbise. 

Lorton, Sarah, nee Heckman, died Dec. 21, 1905, in 
Jackson township, Randolph Co., Ind., aged 97 years, 3 
months and 17 days. She was born in Harrison county, 
Virginia. At the age of four years she came to Clarke 
county, Ohio, where in 1838 she was married to Israel 
Lorton. In 1839 they came 10 Randolph county, Indiana, 
where she spent the remainder of her long life. To this 
union were born four boys and four girls. She was one 
of a family of ten children, five boys and five girls. All 
are dead but two aged sisters who live in the northern 
part of Indiana. Her husband died in 1858. Grandmoth- 
er Lorton was a pioneer of pioneers, she has seen almost 
all of the early settlers of the township pass away. Her 
memory was marvelous. She united with the Brethren 
church about fifty years ago. Funeral services and in- 
terment at the Brethren church north of Union City, by 
W. K. Simmons and S. W. Blocher. 

Dora W. Noffsmger. 

Lukenbaugh, Sister Amanda C, died of paralysis, Dec. 
lb, 1905, at her home near Navarre, Kans., in the Abi- 
lene church, aged 49 years, 4 months and 19 days. 
She was born in Adams county, Pennsylvania. She- 
was a great sufferer for many years. One son and one 
daughter are left. She was preceded by her husband 
about eighteen months. He was instantly killed by light- 
ning while returning home from the creamery. Services 
by Eld. J. F. Hantz, from Job. 14: 14. Interment in the 
Navarre cemetery. Elvina Cline. 

Rickard, Bro. John H., died Dec. 17, 1905, very sudden- 
ly at Mount Calvary, Va., of heart disease, aged 60 years, 
9 months and 11 days. He retired as usual on Saturday 
night. When his wife got up next morning he turned 
over in bed. When she called him to breakfast she 
found him dead. Bro. Rickard leaves a wife, one daugh- 
ter and two sons. Services were conducted at Antioch 
church by Eld H. R. Mowery and J. M. Ryman. In- 
terment in the family graveyard. M. H. Copp- 

Robeson, Bro. Wm. A., died in the Cherry Grove con- 
gregation, Garrette county, Maryland, Dec. 5, 1905, aged 
63 years, 1 month and 7 days. Disease, cancer of the 
stomach. He married Fannie Blocher. His wife and five 
children preceded him to the spirit world some years ago. 
Funeral preached by the writer. D. M. Merrell. 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 13, 1906. 


"he necessary funds can be secured a , a new ch„r^ 
hni^e is needed very much at this place. ^ Ul £' , 

^transacted. One letter was grantc d and en we ad 
journed, feeling this to be on. to .be h«^«™f„ ^ 

££,% Tpp'-ena^lA^M- BaS| F%. No. 1, He, 
ring. Ohio, Jan. 8. 

our >-nr.sin, as Singing and recitalions were rell- 

^r&M£s™fi » is44 N - Marvi,,e 

St , Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 7. 

F, fin Ms «ead: The membership having decreased to 

eS years, was restored to fellowship and receiver] tic 
F° in ' f ? |^r F g g p°reteh^v,o Wa sermt S ra, C, Sce^ 

o"a S ,«en r tive B a°d,e,qs Pre oro. F. A.hcy ,ives at Lucent, 
which should be made a mission.— J- F. Shuck, welling 
ton, Colo., Jan. 3. 

Baugo-On Christmas eve Bro. WR. Miller of Chi- 
cagTp? ached for us in Wakarusa and the next evening 

g f k SSU" On^hris^sVaf Bro! g^'gSe 


tofe preaching, with much interest. Four put on Christ 
bv bap" m a°n'd one is to be baptized later.-Chnstian 
Metzler, Wakarusa, Ind., Jan. 7. 

Lake Park church met in council Monday evening Dec 
'5 with our elder, O. J. Beaver, present. There was bu 
Rile business to come before the meeting and all passed 
off plea" amly. Brother and Sister Daniel Myers expect to 
eo to Idaho and called for their letters. Bro. Beaver went 
from here to Nora Springs and from there may go to 
rjfendale Ariz That will leave us without a minister this. 
winter We "ad some hopes of his being with us through 
He winter. We still hope the Lord will so d reel hat 
his church may yet have a minister to labor in this much- 
needed fidd We are doing what we can to keep the 
work alive while we are wailing the Lords directions. 
Besides our evergreen Sunday school we are now having 
a Bibl. normal each Thursday evening from house to 
liouse, with H. I. Metz as leader. Pray for us.— N. D. 
Metz,' Lake Park, Iowa, Jan. 4. 

Los Angeles.— This church met in council Dec. 29, with 
Eld PS* Myers presiding, assisted by Bro. Kraybilh 
We had a very pleasant meeting. The business on hand 
was dispatched pleasantly and speedily. . Our Sunday; 
"chooi o'fficers were elected for the fol lowing y«r as fol- 
lows- The writer, superintendent, and Sister Catherine 
N wsom assistant. Our church seems to be in a pros- 
perous condition. The past year of our Sunday ffihool 
has been the most prosperous in the history of the school 
averaging 113 for the entire year and the co"'r,but,or,s 
have steadily increased.-Homer E. Trout, 3019 Baldwin 
St., Jan. 3. 

North Liberty church met Jan. 6 at the house ,n town, 
in council Brethren Andrew Rupel and Lafayette Steele, 
of the Pine Creek congregation, were with us. two 
members a deacon and wife, were received by letter, and 
two letters were granted. The solicitors and treasurers 
yearly reports were read. Reorganization of the North 
LDeny Sunday school resulted in Bro. John Plat* being 
elected as superintendent and Sister Mate Lammadee as- 
sistant. At the Oak Grove house, Bro Harvey Bovvers 
was chosen superintendent and Sister Mary Hildebrand 
assistant. Bro. Sam Bates will act as treasurer and the 
writer was reelected for secretary for the coming year. 
The series of meetings, to begin at the Oak Grove house 
in February, will be conducted by Bro J. G. Royer.— 
Winnie E Cripe, R. R. 2, North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 6. 

urer- W C. Frick, Sunday-school superintendent at Ex- 
tension No. 1; S. S. Neher, Sunday-school superintendent 
at Extension No. 2. 

A. our former council a committee had been appointed 
to formulate a plan for the purpose of raising sufficient 
money to purchase a lot and build a new on 
he west side. They reported at this meeting the plan 
omp eted and ready for work. Members of the Chicago 
church will be solicited at once and we hope to have at 
least $5,000 subscribed to report within a few weeks. 

There was also a committee of three appointed at this 
meeting, which, in connection with the soliciting com- 
m tee already appointed, will constitute a locating cona, 
mittee Our present church is not large enough at times 
,o accommodate comfortably all that attend. 

It was also decided at this meeting that steps be take 
a, once to secure a pastor for next year's work which w.l 
begin April 1. Our present pastor, Uro. E. B. Hoff has 
given us excellent service during the past year, but a 
his time is so completely taken up in the Bethany Bible 
School work, it is impossible for him to continue as pas- 

l0 On n S„n°dTa. 9:45 we me, for the firs, Sunday school 
of 190b. with over 250 present. The awards for perfect at- 
tendance during the past year were given and it is surely 
encouraging to see such a large number receive prizes, 
some for one year perfect attendance, others for two, 
three four, five, six and even for seven years Certainly 
anyone cannot attend our Sunday school without being 
impressed with the good that is being done and the many 
opportunities that are before us for even doing a much 
ercater work. , , 

After Sunday school Bro. M. R. Myers preached a very 
interesting and enthusiastic sermon from the text, 
have come that you may have life abundantly. 

We praise God for what has been done the past year 
and trust him for a much greater manifestation ot h.s 
Holy Spirit during the year 1906. A. F. Wine. 

Chicago, 111., Jan. 8. 

1 50 WHAT 50 

|^M^-^M»M--M^M.<»M^"M^^-<***«-«* H '** 

It will send the Gospel Messenger each week for one 
year to any household where there arc no members of 
the Brethren church. This is one of the best means of 
doing mission work. Here is what Brother Hutchison 

sa y s: Jan. 4, 1906. 

Well, my time of resting is Hearing a close, and I am 
anxious to get into my line of work for the Lord. I 
we*gh seven pounds more now than I ever did, so I wan 
o be at work; but the Messenger is the best missionary 
or evangelist we have in the field now. Our little work is 
local, but it is general. Yours '"'"^Vchison. 

Send us the name of some friend where there are no 
members, and fifty cents, and you will be doing mis- 
sion work. 

Elgin, Illinois. 




The fourth Sunday-school teachers' institute, which 
closed at Greenville, Ohio, Dec. 29, 1905, was the most 
enthusiastic yet held as will be seen by the following: Of 
the total enrollment of 384, there were 40 primary teach- 
ers 71 advanced teachers, 41 superintendents, 17 elders 
and 30 ministers. Thirty-seven Sunday schools were rep- 
resented. Many did not enroll. Other state districts 
were represented, also other denominations. 

Part of the time was occupied by home talent in an en- 
thusiastic manner. 

Bro A C Wieand, of the Bethany Bible School, Chi- 
cago was the chief instructor. His work was thorough- 
practical and spiritual. His evening lectures on the 
unique teachings and doctrines of the Brethren church 
were listened to by crowds of intense listeners. 

From this institute goes forward an effort to send some 
of our talent away for thoroughly skilled teacher training. 
From the meeting back into our Sunday schools goes 
an impetus for better work for the Master. 

The church has made great advancement in Sunday- 
school lines in the last decade. All seem to realize the 
utility of our Sunday schools in bringing souls into the 
church and in the missionary fields. Every State dis- 
trict should be urged to hold a teachers' institute at least 
once a year. If several days are once devoted to this 
work the results will be apparent and a longer period 
will be wanted. We sincerly wish all the State districts 
could have lasted our goods at our last meeting. 

Ezra Flory. 

Union, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

If If you want to enlarge your 
business, if you want a square 
deal, if you want to advertise 
where it counts, then adver- 
tise in the INGLENOOK. 
1" Write us for torms. :: :: 






Our quarterly council meeting was held Saturday, Jan. 
6 at 1:30 P. M„ with our elder, Bro. E. B. Hoff, in 
charge. This being a yearly meeting, at which all of- 
ficers for the coming year were elected, there was much 
business transacted, all of which was harmoniously dis- 
posed of, and the Spirit of the Lord seemed to fill the 
whole house and govern everyone present, for which we 
are exceedingly thankful to our heavenly father. In fact, 
it was the best and most largely attended council meet 
ing that the writer has ever attended in this church. The 
prospects for the Chicago church have never been bright- 
er for making this one of the largest congregations in the 
Brotherhood, than now. 

The yearly report of the treasurer showed all expenses 
paid up to date, with a balance of nearly $200 for the be- 
ginning of the new year. 

The following officers were elected to serve one year: 
Brethren Charles E. Eckerle, church clerk; W. C. Frick, 
treasurer, both reelected; the writer, corresponding secre- 
tary; O. G. Brubaker, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Charles E. Eckerle, assistant, both reelected; Sister Lula 
Sanger, chorister; Ralph W. Miller, Sunday-school treas- 

"Our Young People" 

THAT'S the new paper for which we are receiving sub- 
scriptions by the thousand. Subscriptions have poured in 
for this paper even beyond our expectations, and we were 
compelled to print a second edition of the first number. 


Single subscription, per year, 65 cents 

In clubs of five or more to one addres, per year, 40 cents 
In clubs of 5 or more to one address, per quarter, 10 cents 


In clubs of five or more to different addresses, from 
now to July 1, 1906, per copy, 20 cents. 

In clubs or five or more to one address, to July 1, 1906, 
per copy, 10 cents. 

We cannot guarantee back numbers. Send your list of 
subscriptions now, to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Stout's Map of 

Old and New Testament 

Bible Lands 

Chronologically Arranged 
Best Map for Home Study and Class Use 
SHOWS— Journeys of Jesus, by arrowed lines. 
SHOWS— One of the chief events of each journey. 
SHOWS— Journeys, events, in chronological order. 
SHOWS — Where to find record of same in Gospels. 
SHOWS — Distances from Jerusalem. 
SHOWS— Names and location of 200 places. 
SHOWS— Divisions of land in six distinct, bright colors. 
SHOWS— That Jesus made over 100 distinct journeys, but 
the four Gospels name only eighteen towns 
visited by him. 
SHOWS-In a most impressive way, all its own, how to 
learn Bible Geography so that it .s reallj 
easier to remember it than it is to forget it. 
INVALUABLE to all Sunday-school Teachers, Normal 
Class Teachers, Normal Class Students and 

No 1— SIZE 22x34 INCHES. Printed on fine, tough 
Bond paper, folded and inclosed in heavy manilla, open 
end, patent fastening envelope— a safe, convenient, perma- 
nent receptacle. 

Price, postpaid, 50 cents net. 

No 2— SIZE 22x34 INCHES.— Printed on fine cloth- 
backed map paper, strong and durable, mounted on wood- 
en rollers. Price, postpaid, $1.00 net. Both maps are 
done in six colors. 

Per dozen to Schools and Classes, No. 1, $5.00; No. 2, 
$10.00, postpaid. One-half dozen furnished at dozen rates. 
This is just the map you should have to use in teach- 
ing your Sunday-school class for the next twelve months. 
This is the best and cheapest map that we know of and 
ought to be used by every Sunday-school teacher. We 
especially recommend No. 2, as it is in more conveni- 
ent form for Sunday-school work. 
Send your order now, to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 45. 

J£lgin, III., January 20, 1906. 

No. 3. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. The Standard Oil Company is coining in for an 

investigation. The vice-president of the company was 

Editorial, — rather defiant in his attitude toward the court in New 

Then and Now ■■■ York, where Missouri is seeking to find out whether 

Getting Together 41 . *= 

Inactive Elders 41 tne company has not violated the antitrust law by 

Odds and Ends 41 combining in restraint of trade. Some so-called in- 

The Trial Subscriber 42 dependent oil companies are controlled by the Stan- 
Wrong Methods of Raising Money, 42 

Making the Weak Strong 42 <lard a™* have been used to crush competition.— Ilh- 

Tn the Jewelry Department 42 nois is also making some investigations, and it seems 

Essays, probable that with the help of former employes of 

Our Daily Lives. By Katie Flory, 34 the Standard light will be thrown on some dark 

Baptizing Under Difficulties. -By A. G.*Cros S white, 34 - There seems nQ reasonab j e doubt that the 

Christian Union. By A. Hutchison 34 r _ 

The Ten Commandments.— The Second Command- company has evaded and violated state and national 

ment— Ex. 20:4-6. By P. B. Fitzwater, 35 i aws r jg nt a i on g ; but whether the matter can be made 

Your Guide. Selected by Myrtle Robertson 35 influence of Standard money can be 

Something for the Elders to Do. — bymposium by, _ , . , 

— W. R- Deeter, Geo. L. Studebaker, John E. overcome, remains to be seen. The trouble is that 

Mohler, P. S. Miller C H. Hawbecker H J. {tl h b allowed to violate the 

Harnly, Levi Minnich, 1. U. barker, VV. M. ■> 

Howe, John Heckman, Flora E. Teague, J. W. laws with impunity. That in itself is bad ; but a worse 

Lear * ■ ' - result follows— it weakens the respect of the average 

The Christmas Tree m Church. By W. E. Goswell, 38 , ., . T , ,, . , , , . n 

Preparation. By C. L. Moore, 3S man for the law - ■Le^hejawbeenforced in all cases. 

The Name Question. By W. H. Johnson, 38 • . , 

, „ ., . Ihere are eight thousand saloons in Chicago, each 

Home and Family,— ° , , „ , 

One Phase of Child Training. By Elizabeth D. PW m S a llcense fee of five hundred dollars, or four 

Rosenberger, 39 million dollars in all. There is a demand that the 

SeW Barnett iety ' Roaring Sprhlgs ' Pa " By Lizzie 39 fee be doubled, which would force many of the sa- 

Aid Society, Dallas Center, Iowa. By Ella Royer,. .39 loons out of business. There is a demand in the city 

Aid Society, Grand Junction, Colo. By L. Beth Van for a ] ar g er police force, and it is argued that since 

Sewing Society, Hcernerstcwn. Pa. By I-illia E " the saloons are the cause of most cf the crime they 

Cassel, 39 should be made to pay for the additional protection 

Sisters' Aid Society, Plattsburg, Mo. By Lucie , , T , ,, , „ ., ., , £ , 

S e n . . 39 needed. It would be well if the number of saloons 

General Missionary and Tract Department,— were decreased ; it would be much better if they were 

Moravian Missions.— 1, 43 wiped out altogether. But that seems impossible now, 

From Anklesvar, India. By Mary N. Quinter, ....43 especially in large cities. If Christian people would 

Prison Work, 43 F J & ; , r 

Another Way of Doing Mission Work. By B. E. stand together and vote against the saloon the time 

Kesler, 43 WO uld come when saloons would disappear almost 



President W. R. Harper of the University of Chi- 
cago died Wednesday of last week. Though he was 
not quite fifty years old he had accomplished much. 
His record as scholar and teacher was a brilliant one, 
but he will be remembered because of his work in 
connection with the University of Chicago, to the 
presidency of which he was called when it was re- 
vived several years ago. He possessed great execu- 
tive ability, as is shown by the way he planned and 
organized for the university. It was his efforts that 
secured many millions of dollars to carry out his plans 
for buildings and equipment, and it was he who se- 
cured some of the ablest scholars of Europe and 
America for his faculty. An operation about a year 
ago for appendicitis revealed the fact that he was 
suffering from cancer of the intestines and that he 
could not live a great while. Yet he did what he 
could until the end came. The educational world 
owes him much and his loss is keenly felt. 

In his annual report for 1905 the postmaster general 
calls attention to the fact that during the year twelve 
mail clerks were killed while on duty, 125 were seri- 
ously injured, and 386 slightly injured. This shows 
that their occupation is one in which there is danger. 
The government pays more rent each year for the 
mail cars than they cost when new, and yet the cars 
provided are not strong. At least some of the deaths 
and injuries are due to this fact. The mail cars are 
placed at the head of the trains, and whenever there 
is a head-on collision, which is the more common kind, 
the cars are crushed and the occupants suffer. The 
railroads can well afford to build the mail cars as 
strong as they do the passenger coaches and Pullmans. 
Though the number in a mail car is small that is no 
reason why they should be exposed to danger. 

25 was pretty close at band. A glance at the office 
force and their extra work told the story. The num- 
ber of chattel mortgages increased in proportion as 
Christmas drew nearer. Yesterday they came in by 
the score. This week the number will probably be 
greater still. The mortgages tell the story of the way 
hundreds of families are getting their money for 
Christmas presents." It is well to remember Christ- 
mas and try to make it a day of peace and good will ; 
but it is. folly, or worse, to celebrate the day in such 
a way that it is remembered more because of the debts 
incurred than because of the happiness which the day 
should bring. 

Colonel Harrison, a British officer, a few weeks 
ago arrived in London with six pygmies from the 
Ituri forest of the Belgian Kongo. The mean height 
of the men is four feet and six inches, and of the 
women four feet and one inch. The tallest one of 
the race he met was five feet, and several adult wom- 
en measured but three feet and nine inches. They 
are nomads, having neither fields nor houses, and live 
only on game and wild fruits. They cook their game 
without skinning it, eating skin and meat. They 
walk about completely unclothed in the forest. They 
are generally polygamists and are said to have no re- 
ligious instincts at all, believing in neither God nor 
devil. Like the Chinese, they regard the birth of a 
girl as a calamity. They do not live to a great age. 
They are the remnant of the race that once peopled 
the greater part of Africa. Life in the Kongo forests 
is hard on them, and the time may not be far distant 
when the race will be extinct. 

The number of people in the United States who 
think, the price of leather too high and that a change 
in the tariff should be made so as to admit hides from 
at least some countries, is increasing, and probably 
will increase more rapidly in the future ; for during 
the year 1905 the price of hides advanced thirty-five or 
forty per cent. And this advance was due to the fact 
that the demand has overtaken the supply. The tariff 
seems to benefit chiefly the packer, who at the present 
time can sell standard hides for more per pound than 
he sells his beef. As the price of leather advances, 
the prices of boots and shoes must follow, which will 
be hard on the poor. They should not pay more than 
necessary for their shoes in order that the rich may 
have more luxuries. 

The government irrigation mission south of Al- 
geria, Africa, has been boring for water. In places 
springs have been found which rise to the surface. 
Thus land which has long been lying waste can be 
cultivated. The mission has been so successful that 
already it is possible at some of the palm groves in 
the oases to get double the amount of water formerly 
available. Some of the borings may be from fifteen 
hundred to two thousand feet, and if streams are 
found under the desert, as some think will be the 
case, there will be a wonderful transformation wher- 
ever water is secured. The desert will rejoice and 
blossom as the rose. 

Christmas has become a burden to a great many 
people. Instead of being a day of cheer it is one of 
depression in many instances because of the added 
load it places on somewho are already loaded to the 
limit. The Cleveland Plaindealer made this clear 
some time ago when it said : " Christmas was fore- 
shadowed in the county recorder's office last week. 
Day after dav it became more evident that December 

Football is receiving almost as much attention now 
as it did during the season, but it is of a different 
kind. The faculty of the University of Wisconsin 
have gone farther than any other. They believe it 
would be a good thing to abolish the game. The 
students and alumni are opposed to this. Some edu- 
cators believe it would be good to do away with 
games with other colleges for a time. There are 
some who favor the game if the evils are removed. 
The cry for reform is almost universal. The New 
York livening Post has this to say: "The whole 
college world will breathe afresh when our under- 
graduates are disabused of the idea that they and their 
games control academic destinies, and when the time 
now wasted on hysterical cheering or child-like song 
practice on the bleachers is once more used for study 
or sensible exercise for the college masses. Eventu- 
ally, we believe, the abolition of intercollegiate sports 
will be the only complete remedy." Football is not 
the only part of college athletics that needs reform. 
Too much attention is given to the few and too little 
tu the many. 

Harvard Univehsitv has taken a decided stand 
against football as now played, it being decided Mon- 
day of this week to abolish the game because it is a 
menace to the morals as well as the bodies of the 
players. Yale is likely to follow Harvard's lead, and 
what these two universities do will practically settle 
the question for the other eastern schools, and will 
have a great influence all over the country. There 
will be opposition of course on the part of some stu- 
dents. Such would do well to pattern after the stu- 
dents of Union College, Schenectady, New York, 
who, without the faculty taking part in their meeting, 
adopted a resolution abolishing the game. Others 
who think seriously are likely to do the same thing. 
The main purpose of a university is not that its ath- 
letes may excel those of other universities, and it is 
high time for this fact to be impressed upon student 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 


••Study to show tbysell approved unto God. a workman that needeth not 
be ashamed, rightly dividing the Word o( Truth." 



Don't let the song go out of your life; 

Though it chance sometimes to Bow- 
In a minor strain it will blend again 

With the major tone, you know. 

What though shadows rise to obscure life's skies, 

And hide for a time die sun; 
They sooner will lift, and reveal ihe rift, 

If you let the melody run. 

Don't let the song go out of your life; 

Though your voice may have lost its thrill, 
Though the tremulous notes should die in the throat, 

Let it sing in your spirit still. 

There is never a pain that hides not some gain, 

And never a cup of rue 
So bitter to sup but what in the cup 

Lurks a measure of sweetness, too. 



What we really are in this life is what we are 
during the week in our homes. It is not what we 
appear to be or how we act on Sunday, or at any 
religious service, at stated times or certain occasions. 
It is quite natural for us to want to appear well and 
make good impressions when in public, but this counts 
for nothing with God. He judges us from what we 
arc in essence, effort, desires, motives; how we go 
about our work, and how we meet our trials and bear 
up under the trying and petty annoyances that come 
to every one's daily life. 

Far too many people conform their everyday lives 
to the world. We must " abstain from all appearance 
of evil." When duty calls us to town or city, we 
should go about our business with earnestness and 
dignity. Do not loaf about on store boxes, or at 
street corners, neither jest or joke with the foolish 
or enter into their frivolous arguments. You lower 
vour character and moral worth by doing it. 

One great thing we must continually watch in our 
daily lives is our conversation, and this takes in our 
actions too. The testing time comes and tells what 
we really are when the godly and ungodly are asso- 
ciated. Let the rude and rough talk coarse, low, vul- 
gar or idly, do you give assent to what is said by a 
smile or a nod? The devil is well pleased and the un- 
godly surprised when a Christian is guilty of this. 
Is your conversation before your children what it 
should be to make them honest, true, pure and loving? 

In the home in our daily lives we should be kind 
to one another, tender-hearted and forgiving. Let 
the parents be united in their views and never let the 
spirit of strife or division show itself in them, then 
kindness, respect and harmony exist in the family — 
a type of heaven. We should do good for evil and 
he contented with the things that are given us. Do 
not show a spirit of vengeance in trying to justify 
yourself and standing up for your own rights, but 
manifest a spirit of gentleness and meekness in yield- 
ing to the wishes of those around you. When Jesus 
was reviled, he reviled not again; when he suffered, 
be threatened not, but committed himself to him who 
judgeth righteously. It is not an easy thing for a 
mother of half a dozen children to be meek and pa- 
tient under every trial that comes to her. Dear Chris- 
tian mother, patiently bear up, for aught you know 
God sends them for the perfecting and refining of 
your spiritual nature. 

There are daily chances for the improvement and 
perfecting of our lives. Ofttimes we become irritable, 
sensitive and impatient when unpleasant things arise, 
and at such times we are apt to let our tongues and 
tempers have full sway in speaking what we think 
and feel. I know an aged elder that always speaks in 
in a kind tone when he calls for the exchange lady 
at the telephone. She can always recognize him and 
appreciate his kindness. Wouldn't it be nice if all our 
memljers could be told who they were by the way 
they talk on the telephone? You know we are so 

often in a hurry and get provoked when " the girl " 
won't give us the party we want and sometimes scold 
her a little and say unkind things about her, when 
many a time she is doing all she can. We ought not 
to be in such a hurry and get cross, for we don't know 
what it is to work at such a place. Let us thank her 
for her service and see if this won't make us and her 
feel better. 

God will weigh us in his balances by the way we 
act at the washtub, dishpan, behind the plow, on the 
road, in the store or at market. Do you think it is 
right for Christians to ask all they can possibly get 
for their produce and then when wanting to buy a 
piece of goods, a cow or a plow, get it as cheap as 
they possibly can? Do I do this? Do you ? Are we 
careful and honest to pay our debts, or don't we care? 

" Sometimes Christians think that all the require- 
ments of a holy life are met when there is very active 
and successful Christian work, and because they do 
so much for the Lord in public they feel at liberty to 
be cross and ugly and unchristlike in private. A 
cross, anxious, discouraged, gloomy, doubting, com- 
plaining, selfish, self-indulgent Christian, one with a 
sharp tongue or bitter spirit, may be very earnest in 
his work and have an honorable place in the church, 
but he is not a Christlike Christian, and he knows 
nothing of the realities of the Spirit-filled life." 

A Christian's' everyday life must tell for Christ in 
man\' ways. We should not use all our energies for 
self. " Hear ye one another's burdens." This means 
our neighbor at our doors. Let us be full of con- 
sideration for others and not spend so much time mak- 
ing fine clothes and doing unnecessary work. Let us 
cultivate our hearts and brighten our minds and the 
children's by using our time in a profitable way. Our 
hired help or servants should be treated as kindly as 
any member of the family. Dress and live in simple, 
healthful ways. Eat wholesome food, breathe pure 
air and exercise freelv. When von find an evil habit 
growing upon you, renounce it and banish it forever- 
Do not live above your means. 

In our daily lives come times to do real active work 
for the Lord. You can give the cup of cold water 
which will not go without its reward, you can feed 
strangers; some have entertained angels unawares by 
so doing. You can cool the feverish brow, you can 
smile and speak kindly to the discouraged, for this 
costs nothing. You can give of your earnings to the 
Lord ; you can sing and cheer those around you ; you 
can hand a tract or a paper to a passer-by ; you can 
give good gospel measure, pressed down, shaken to- 
gether and running over ; you should have prayer in 
your home at the table. A worthy man of old prayed 
three times a day upon his knees to God, and none of 
us would be praying too often if we would do the 
same. We should read from the Bible aloud in our 
homes to ourselves and our children. Then shall the 
world know that we are living epistles known and read 
of all men. 
Union, Ohio. 

there was room that way, but none to spare. . Then I 
stepped in beside him and assured him that there was 
room, but that every inch was needed and that he 
would have to give himself up entirely into my hands 
and trust in God for results. 

I laid him down as gently as a child each time, my 
hand almost touching the bottom, but he was thor- 
oughly and completely covered at each action and came 
out rejoicing that it had been done in time. The 
brethren measured the tank and found it to be ex- 
actly four feet long, two feet wide and two feet deep. 
I looked at it again and again and thought it almost 
incredible that a man could stand inside of it and 
baptize a man of that size. His father walked away 
for fear he would have to see his son strangle to 
death in one of his severe coughing spells. I saw him 
nearly a week afterward and he had not suffered the 
slightest inconvenience from the immersion. Those 
who knew him best could easily note the change that 
had come over him, for he had been so wicked and 
now his face was radiant with joy and his " conversa- 
tion was in heaven." 

I relate this little incident for the encouragement 
of my dear colaborers who may some day have a sim- 
ilar experience, or those who may have a dear one 
near the cold waters of Jordan and who desire at the 
last moment to follow their blessed Savior in this 
sacred rite. But believe me it is much better to enter 
his service while we are able to do some service for 
him who has done so much for us. 

Flora, hid. 



Recently while preaching in the town of Fort 
Jefferson, Darke Co., Ohio, in the bounds of the Pales- 
tine church, I was requested to administer the sacred 
rite of baptism to a man in the last stage of con- 
sumption and unable to sit up any length of time. 
We arranged to immerse him in a tank, but on look- 
ing around for one the brethren could find none on 
short notice except one that seemed to be entirely too 
small for such purposes; but the applicant was grad- 
ually growing worse and frequently used the' expres- 
sion. " The sooner the better." 

The water was made about milk warm and after 
preparatory services at his bedside I made myself 
read) to step into the tank if there seemed to be 
enough room after he was on his knees. He was very 
thin and weak, but in height lacked only one inch of 
being six feet. After placing his heels against the end 
I let his head gently down to the surface of the water 
that his length might be measured. We found that 



I once received a letter from a lady who seems to 
be very anxious that we and the church with which 
she was identified might unite in Christ, and thereby 
form a " Christian union," the basis of union to be 
" one Lord, one faith, one baptism." And that one 
baptism must not be pour, sprinkle, or dip three times, 
but one immersion, with the face toward heaven; and 
then arise to walk in newness of life. And then to 
dress as is becoming to Christians, and not be a stum- 
bling-block to the young. But we must be humble. 
willing to do all that is necessary in the worship of 
God, and omit the unnecessary. The bread and cup 
of communion on the first day of the week were neces- 
sary. Feet-washing, the Lord's supper, the kiss of 
charity, the plain bonnet and the prayer veil were un- 

i wrote her that they would have to change their 
platform before we could accept it. I cited her to 
Matt. 28 : 19, 20, and John 12 ; 48, also to Rev. 22 : 19. 
1 also wrote her that I liked her theme, and also ad- 
mired her zeal. But if we were to unite upon that 
foundation it would not be a " Christian union." Too 
much of Christ's Word was ruled out. And I cited 
her to Matt. 4: 4; John 13: 14, 15, also to 1 Tim. 
6 : 3-5. 

It seems remarkably strange how good, earnest peo- 
ple can see their way to leave out plainly-revealed parts 
of God's Word, when the Savior says, " Man shall not 
live by bread alone, but by every word of God." Luke 
4 : 4. Surely if we are to be made clean by the words 
of Jesus (John 15: 3), we ought not to leave any of 
them out. We may talk Christian union all we have 
a mind to, but if we leave out some of the words of 
Christ, then it is not Christian union. I listened to 
five preachers discussing this problem one time, and 
they differed greatly. But each one affirmed that he 
knew he was right, because he had the Holy Ghost. 
Finally they called upon me, and I said, " We must 
first determine how many Holy Ghosts there are. Ac- 
cording to the showing here to-day, there are five Holy 
Ghosts here, and they all differ from the one that led 
the apostles. Now I propose showing what the only 
Holy Ghost says." And I said ; " You can all see 
how to have union." And the entire five said, " We 
see it clearly." I then said, ".There is one way to 
form a Christian union, and that is for every one to 
lav down his own church lines and accept the teach- 
ings of Christ and the apostles. Then we have ' Chris- 
tian union.' " 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 



There is some contention as to what is the dividing 
line between the first and second commandments. The 
Roman Catholics consider the prohibition against false 
gods and images of the true God as constituting the 
first commandment, and divide the tenth into two, 
thereby keeping the ten. We, with all Protestants, 
claim that the division, as we ordinarily have it, is the 
correct one. The second is not a part of the first. It 
has a distinct aim of its own. The first command- 
ment is directed against the worship of false gods, 
and the second is directed against the worship of the 
true God with false forms. Only those who believe 
in and worship the true God can possibly break this 
commandment. We should not worship any false 
gods, neither should we worship the true God with 
false forms. 

/. The Commandment. 

1. Negatively. 

(a) It is not a prohibition against art and sculpture. 

(b) It is not a prohibition against the taking of 
photographs. Many good-meaning Christian people 
have so misconstrued this scripture as to make it to 
prohibit the art of photography. Many among the 
Puritans and some of a later type have regarded works 
of art and sculpture, and the taking of pictures, as 
sinful. This commandment does not condemn the 
making of images, but the making of images to assist 
in worship. 

2. Positively. 

It is a prohibition of the making of images to aid 
in worship. " Thou shalt not bow down thyself to 
them, nor serve them." Whenever one begins to in- 
troduce images to aid in worship, he is guilty of break- 
ing this commandment. The Roman Catholics con- 
stantly break this commandment. One can easily see 
why they regard the two as one. They wish to escape 
the force of this commandment as viewed by the 

I am not too sure that Protestants are not danger- 
ously near the transgression of this law. They are 
too much inclined to ape Rome in this matter. Among 
Protestants there is a great reverence manifested for 
the representations of Christ. Some are even bold 
enough to show their sympathy with the abominable 
tradition of Romanism, that they have a genuine pho- 
tograph of Christ. After all, some of us are surprised 
when we think seriously of how much our views of 
religions truth are tainted with the miasma of Roman 

Since we have no genuine likeness of God or Jesus 
Christ, that image which would be made would be a 
false one, therefore it would have a damaging effect 
upon the worshiper. Men are like their ideals. Men 
are like their gods. Let us place before ourselves dis- 
torted images of the Lord and we will have distorted 
conceptions of his person. The result will be disaster 
to our souls. 

To resort to such aids as images, crosses, etc., is to 
confess that our spiritual sense is dead. To any one 
whose spiritual condition is acute and active, such 
representations are distasteful. The new birth is the 
only thing that can restore that consciousness. The 
message that ought to be preached to such people is 
that of the new birth, " You must be born again." 

//. Hoi\.' This Commandment May Be Broken. 

1. By resorting to the use of images, crosses, etc., 
as aids in worship. 

2. By putting in the place of Jesus Christ the pope, 
and following after priestcraft. I am not too sure 
but what some Protestants may be approaching dan- 
gerously near the danger line. Some have almost 
reached the point where they idolized the preacher. I 

do detest the calling of any minister, " Father." I 
am in favor of giving honor to whom honor is due, 
but to drift into the practice of calling a man " Fa- 
ther," smacks too much of Rome for my taste. 

3. By exalting church ordinances to an undue place. 
Let us beware of all this, lest we overstep the proper 
bounds and imperil our souls and that of others. Let 
us cultivate a keen, sharp sense of proper discernment 
lest we incur the displeasure of our God in all these 

///. Warning and Promise. 

1. Iniquity visited upon the children. We are not 
to understand that this is the arbitrary visitation of 
punishment upon children for the sins of the fathers. 
I take it, rather, that it means that the workings of 
divine law are such that a wrong impression of God 
will be transmitted from one generation to another, 
thereby doing great harm to the coming generations. 
The most awful thing a man can do is to pass on a 
wrong conception of God to his children. 

2. " Showing mercy to thousands." This, doubtless, 
means that God will show mercy to thousands of gen- 
erations. Here is an example of God's grace over- 
towering his wrath. It is a great thought to contem- 
plate, that we may be the means of stamping right 
impressions upon the deathless spirits of generations 
yet to come. 

We are glad that through the death of Christ, priest, 
ritual, and everything, has been swept away, giving 
us uninterrupted communion and fellowship with our 
God, and that, if we have been renewed in knowledge 
after the likeness of him who created us, we can wor- 
ship him in spirit and truth, for such he seeks to wor- 
ship him. 

North Manchester, hid. 



Few of us there be who, if we dig deep enough in 
our hearts, may not find some unrevenged grudge, 
some unforgiven wrong. Now that's the thing I 
want to talk about this time. 

In the Lord's Prayer, short as it is, we are in- 
structed to ask for forgiveness in the measure we for- 
give others. It is an eminently fair proposition, and 
it is asserted that if we forgive we shall be forgiven ; 
and to clinch matters it is further said that if we do 
not forgive we shall not be forgiven. Nothing can 
be fairer, viewed from the human standpoint. Meas- 
ure to us as we measure to others, is the prayer we 
utter when we follow the Lord's Prayer. 

Now if stricken to death with apoplexy, this night, 
would you have within you the unforgiven friend 
anywhere in the wide world? If yes, go you off to 
vour closet and forgive him from your heart, and then 
ask God to deal with you as you have dealt with others. 
The outcome is. sure. God forgives you. Forgiving 
von, then you are his .child, heir to his kingdom. 

Winston-Salem, N. C. 


The talent of success is nothing more than doing 
what you can do well, without a thought of fame. 
If it amies at all, it will come because it is deserved, 
not because it is sought after. It is very indiscreet 
and troublesome ambition which cares so much about 
fame, about what the world says of us. as to be al- 
ways looking in the face of others for approval, to be 
always anxious about the effect of what we do or 
say. to be always shouting to hear the echoes of our 
own voices ! — Langfellow. 


A short time ago we asked a number of our care- 
ful thinkers, among the elders, preachers, deacons, 
laity and sisters, to name three of the most important 
things an elder can do for his congregation, accom- 
panied by reasons and suggestions. We thought to 
limit the different writers to four hundred words each, 
but some of them go beyond this limit. We let them 
have their own way of saying what they think. We 
are certain that every line will be read with unusual 
interest. — Ed. 

The Work of an Elder. 
By W. R. Deeter. 
Them are many things that an elder can do for those 
belonging to his charge that are helpful to them. Among 
these is thai of association. An elder can hardly make a 
greater mistake than In isolate himself from those over 
whom he is the overseer, so that they feel a chill creep 
nver them when they think of approaching him. 

ft is sometimes the desire of memhers to lay their 
hearts open to someone who is competent for instruc- 
lion, and if they can approach hiiu with confidence that 
ho will listen and with pleasure help them over some 
rough place in their pathway, il will he helpful to them. 
I have hel'orc my mind two men. who were elders in the 
Brethren church; holh were fairly well posted oil church 
government. One was rigid in his ruling, fearless of rc- 
Mills, not sociable, not approachable; if approached would 
sometimes retort in a very sarcastic way, ruling by force 
rather than by love. The result was he lost his hold on 
his membership, went wrong, and is out of the church, 
'llic other elder is kind, approachable, sympathetic, loyal 
to the church, but not rigid, riding by love rather than by 
force The result is he lias the confidence of those with- 
in and without the church, lie has been largely instru- 
mental ill, building up a large, active, liberal church. He 
i-, honored wherever he is known and has had many places 
of trust and responsibility committed to him. 

The opposite results with these two men came largely 
from their opposite social qualities. A very good way to 
cultivate this quality and to manifest it is by making the 
pastoral visit; in this way he comes in touch with their 
home life, and with the children in tin- home. Members 
feel more free to lay their matters before their elder 
there than elsewhere; bin the elder is a farmer, and to 
keep pace with his neighbors he must give all his lime 
to bis farm and cannot spare the time to pay the pastoral 
visit. Few members would like to see their elder fall 
below his neighbors in any line of work. The church 
should come to his rescue as conference lias recommend- 

Another thing an elder can do thai is helpful to his 
membership, if done in the right way, is to be vigilant. 
Paul makes this one <<i the qualifications of a bishop. 1 
Tim. 3:2. If a man is feeding stock and one of them 
fails Lo COine for its food, he is sure lo look after it, to 
see whether it is sick or whether il has jumped the fence 
and is feeding elsewhere. So with the vigilant elder who 
!• I" teed the Mock of God; he is anxious about the ab- 
sent ones, wondering whether they are sick or whether 
they have jumped the fence and are feeding on husks, and 
will seek the cause of their reticence. The hen watches 
over her brood lest an enemy should catch some of them; 
the sentinel walks his beat, peering into the dark, fear- 
tut that the enemy may steal a march upon the city; the 
shepherd watches over bis flock lest some of them go 
a-tray or an enemy steal a march upon them and capture 
-•niie of them. So the good elder, knowing that the devil 
is ever on the alert and will capture some of his charge 
if he sleeps, is ever watchful and anxious for the welfare 
'•[ his flock, and will use any and every means for their 

A third thing that an elder can do that will be help- 
ful lo the members of his charge is lo give each one some 
special work, and in this way make them feel they arc 
a part of the church ami that they are responsible for 
the success of the church, at least 10 some extent. No 
infant would make a normal growth without exercise; so 
of the babes in Christ, they must have something to give 
ihem exercise to develop strong men and women in the 
Lord. There are too many dwarfs in the church, and 
largely so because of a lack of exercise. 
Milford. fnd. 

Three Helpful Things an Elder Can do for His 

By Geo 1. Studebaker. 

There are congregations in I he Brotherhood t hat are 
suffering for lack of proper attention from the elder in 

Peter realized the great need of- efficient ciders, and ex- 
horted them to '* feed the flock of God, . . - taking the 
oversight willingly; . . . neither as being lords over 
God's heritage, but being eiisamples to the flock." 

The congregation of an elder is an assembly of per 
sous which meets for the worship of God. Tliis in- 
cludes members, their children and friends. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 

The spired man of God said that an elder should 
•' feed the flock of God." Christ taught this great truth 
to Peter when he said, "Feed my lambs," "Feed my 

For an elder to " study to show himself approved of 
God" is not only his duty, but is of incalculable value 
to his congregation; and the congregation should show 
its appreciation of their elder's labors by making it pos- 
sible for him to study. " If we have sown unto you spir- 
itual things, is it a great thing if we shall reap your car- 
nal things? " 

For an elder to look after the spiritual interest of his 
flock, making the pastoral visit, engaging in a season of 
worship in each home, visiting them when sick and in 
sorrow, as well as in health and in joy, is one of the 
helpful things that an elder can and should do. 

The church in its wisdom has seen fit to organize dif- 
ferent departments of church work, which have proven to 
be of great value to the church. 

An elder, to be helpful to his congregation, should be 
the general overseer of the Sunday school. Not that he 
should be the superintendent, but let his presence and 
his influence in this department of the church be felt. It 
is here that he becomes acquainted with the children of 
his congregation, and can gain their confidence and 

An elder who is indifferent to this department of the 
church is doing that that is hurtful to the congregation 
over which lie presides. Let him be fully acquainted with 
the teachers of the school, and see that teachers will be 
appointed who, by their teaching, will lead the scholars 
to a higher and more noble life. 

We have another very helpful department of the 
church, which is of great value, developing the talents 
of the young, which is the Christian Workers' meeting. 
This department of the church should be carefully guard- 
ed by the elder. Here he becomes acquainted with the 
young people, and by careful watching can learn the abil- 
ity of the members of his flock, and assign thein work ac- 
Lordingly. For an elder to gain the good will of the 
young people of his congregation and command their at- 
tention and respect is very helpful to his congregation. 

An elder who is on the alert, watching over ihe flock, 
associating with the members in their homes, learning to 
know the children and meet them in the Sunday school, 
and the young people in the Christian Workers' meeting. 
is doing three most helpful things for his congregation. 
To reach this end each congregation should have its 
resident elder. 

May God help us all to know and do our duty to his 

Muncie, Ind. 

Three Important Things. 

By John E. Mohler. 

As three important things each presiding elder might 
do for his congregation I have the following to suggest. 

1. He should teach them the scriptural relation exist- 
ing between the congregation and the elder. 

The reason is that many of the jarrings and discords 
and serious church troubles come from an ignorance of 
the Bible view of this matter. For instance, the laity 
and officials of less rank are forbidden to rebuke an elder, 
and while they refrain from it openly and to his face, a 
worse thing is often done in the criticisms behind his 
back. They should know that the Scripture does not al- 
low unkind words in the dark behind him which may not 
be said openly to his face. Then they should know that 
when an elder conducts himself so unworthily that silence 
is not to be borne he may be dealt with effectually by the 
congregation, and should be. This is the scriptural view, 
and nine out of ten times an elder's influence is lessened 
because the congregation does not know it. And one of 
the best ways to get it before them is to have an adjoin- 
ing elder address his congregation upon it at a regular 
preaching service. If this is not convenient, he "should 
do it himself. 

2. He should, if possible, organize various lines of 
church, mission, and young people's services sufficient to 
give each of his members an open field of labor adapted 
to their several talents. 

Why? Because no one is so apt to find fault with oth- 
ers as long as he has his own hands full. And as the 
f;mlt-nnder usually lacks the most himself, nothing is a 
better check than a reminder of his own field to till. And 
when he gets his own work done right he is in a better 
shape to appreciate the efforts of others. Lines to em- 
ploy a variety of talent may be found in the various com- 
mittees which may be employed in our Christian Work- 
ers' societies, Sunday schools, church work, and if in a 
city, the home department and cradle rolls of the Sunday 

3. Have a class organized continually in Sunday-school 

This is better than a Sunday-school teachers' meeting, 
for it teaches how to teach the lesson. It is a missionary 
training school, for it teaches how to reach hearts. And 
what a majority of our ministers lack more than a knowl- 
edge of the Bible is a working knowledge of the human 

And the way to put this organization to work right 

cannot well be learned without a visit to a school to 
learn its methods, text-books, etc. I saw the work in 
operation in the Bible department at Mt. Morris College, 
and probably most of our schools have it. If the elder 
cannot lead the class himself, he can have his congrega- 
tion help one of their number to prepare for it. 
Simmons, Mich. 

Elders at Work. 
By P. S. Miller. 

An elder is most earnestly desirous of being helpful 
to his congregation; at heart to have a deep and impartial 
interest in the spiritual progress of his congregation, and 
faithfully to discharge his whole duty as an elder. 

Three things in which an elder can be most Jieipful to 
his congregation, with reasons for them, are: 

I. By leading the congregation. 

The elder is looked upon as the leader — to he leader 
means for the elder to be well informed in that that per- 
tains to the spiritual growth and development of the con- 
gregation. The congregation needs to be led into close 
touch with the pure Word of God. The congregation 
needs to be led along with the general Brotherhood, and 
unless the eider does this there will be a weakness that 
will be detrimental to the congregation in important mat- 
ters. The elder should so lead as to gain the full confi- 
dence of the congregation. The congregation will be 
led by faith in the elder, he being impartial, pleasant and 
kind in manner. ' 

2. By feeding the congregation. 

The elder remembers that it is expected of him to feed 
the congregation. Christ -said to Peter, " Feed my lambs," 
" Feed my sheep " (John 21: 15, 16); to be ready to every 
good work (Titus 3:1). The congregation must be fed 
on God's Word. The elder in his public ministry should 
strive earnestly to feed by the power of the Holy Spirit. 
His prayers should be with a purpose, — prayers that will 
awaken a soul response. He should talk to the members 
about salvation, about the church and church work, read 
publicly and privately God's Word impressively. The 
elder, by doing this, will be much appreciated in his con- 
gregation, for such food does the soul good. 

3. By loving the congregation. 

An elder should, by his life, impress upon his congre- 
gation that he earnestly desires to be helpful, by and 
through the power of love, and that his chief concern is 
to care for souls. A congregation that is loved by the 
elder will love the elder; love begets love. The elder and 
congregation should be united, knit together in love, one 
in aim and purpose, praying together often for God to 
bless his beloved Zion, and that she may be kept by the 
power of his Spirit in the " unity of the Spirit." It can 
be thus, but not without an effort. 

Roanoke, Va. 

Three Things That May be Helpful to an Elder 
in His Congregation. 

By C. H, Hawbecker. 

No doubt in every truly consecrated elder's bosom 
glows the desire to know how he may attain to the rule 
of best government for his congregation. 

Of the many things that might be helpful I name 
Promptness, Encouragement and System. 

Promptness to precision in an elder's church work is 
absolutely necessary; especially is this true of all the ap- 
pointments of service. Let the beginning be at the hour 
appointed and close on the time allowed, not continu- 
ing from ten, twenty or twenty-five minutes longer, no 
matter how interesting it may be to the minister in the 
stand. Perhaps he has not been in attendance at both of 
the services — as are usually held — hence perhaps he is not 
nearly so tired as that faithful mother who does not like 
to miss any part of the services, with those restless little 

Encouragement. Let the elder study the needs of his 
congregation individually. In the pleasant homes all 
members of the family respect each other, and work to 
the good of one another's interests. If we investigate 
the cause of all this mutual harmony we will invariably 
find that there has been no lack on the part of those 
parents to study the needs of each individual member and 
thej' have adopted the best methods to this end. Just so 
an elder can be instrumental in bringing about the same 
happy results in his congregation, by taking lessons from 
the wise parent. 

System in an elder's work of the church is indispen- 
sable. It is , the master wheel that drives the machinery 
successfully. Congregations in our Brotherhood are so 
varied in their needs and conditions that I need not go 
into detail to enumerate for you. I name one thing that 
elders might be more particular in, that comes more di- 
rectly under my observation. It is the lack of system in 
raising their apportionments of money for the district 
mission work. It was my privilege to live in two congre- 
gations — the one had system to carry out church work- 
faultlessly, with the exceptions of any proper methods of 
raising their church dues, and were continually behind 
in their outside obligations. The other church adopted 
a system that proved thorough to raise their dues for 
the home mission work, and were always ready when 
called upon for their assessed apportionments. 

These hints to helpfulness were not written for " re- 
bukes " or criticisms to any of our elders. 
Franklin Grove, 111. 

Some Helpful Things an Elder Can do for His 


By H. J. Harnley. 

The elder should be a true shepherd, and the most 
helpful thing a shepherd can do for his flock is to lead 
them into green pastures; in other words, to feed them. 
Growth, development, strength and contentment come 
from proper feeding and exercising, and not from pro- 
hibitions. Some flocks are starved, and when the sheep 
become restless and break into adjoining pastures pun- 
ishment is meted out when food is what is really need- 
ed. The 'food may be given in the form of Bible study, 
vitalized sermons, wide-awake, spiritual prayer meetings, 
young people's meetings, live Sunday .school, etc. In the 
strength of this food the members are ready to meet the 
active duties, responsibilities, temptations and petty an- 
noyances of their daily routine life. 

The elder, if a true shepherd, will not only feed his 
Hock, but he will see to it that the strong ones do not 
monopolize the pasture and exercise ground. He will 
make special provision for the lambs and the weak and 
sickly in the flock, and if anyone goes astray or is lost, 
he uses every effort to seek and save the lost. The little 
ones and the weak and sickly are not healed and de- 
veloped by criticism and starving, but by careful nursing, 
feeding and exercise. 

If the elder would be truly useful to his congregation, 
he must be a leader, not a driver. He may have au- 
thority, but when that authority takes the form of a whip, 
the sheep scatter. The elder must give all of his time 
and his very life to his flock, and the flock in turn mu't 
support him. 

First, last and all the time he must not impose exter- 
nal and foreign prescriptions. The heart of the spiritual 
life lies in the free determination, in the light of the ideal 
life of Jesus Christ, of right and wrong. No set of rules 
can take the place of this personal determination without 
destroying the vital spring to spiritual development. 

Three Helpful Things the Elder Should do for His 

By Levi Minnich. 

Were it not for the obedience that is due our highly- 
esteemed editor, our pen would move too heavily to un- 
dertake to write on this subject. We revere the gospel 
ministry as the loftiest vocation of mankind. Especially 
do we consider the elders and ministers of the Brethren 
church as one of the noblest and most sacrificing, and 
perhaps the least appreciated, body of Christian men on 
earth. If we thought that what we are about to say 
would in any way detract from this honored vocation we 
would refrain from offering these lines. 

Perhaps it will not be out of place to say that our con- 
nection with the Sunday-school work of the Brotherhood 
has brought us in touch with many elders and congrega- 
tions, so that our remarks will be based upon a bit of 
experience and much observation. In the first place an 
elder should 

Lead His Congregation. 

No service is as necessary as good leadership. A care- 
ful discrimination should be made between leading and 
running a congregation. To lead successfully an elder 
should possess an unimpeachable Christian character. He 
should be well informed, especially along the line of 
church discipline as given in the Gospel. He should 
study carefully the needs of his congregation and strive 
to suppl}' them. He should know of the environments of 
his individual members. He should have a sufficient 
knowledge of parliamentary law so as to conduct a busi- 
ness meeting legally and intelligently. He should recog- 
nize the other ministers and deacons as a sort of church 
cabinet to him. He should be positive, firm and gentle, 
and always ready to pour the oil of peace on troubled 

Perhaps next to good leadership is 

Utilizing Available Talent. 

An elder should be a good organizer. While he should 
know his field and strive to make a wise distribution of 
the ministerial force in conducting religious services at 
new suggestive points as well as the old ones, he should 
lake a special interest in developing talent in young peo- 
ple. To do this he must have a young heart. He should 
be mindful of the fact that in these lie the hopes of the 
church. While the preaching service is first in impor- 
tance, followed by that of the Sunday school, the Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting and the prayer meeting are both 
very helpful in developing talent. In these experience 
is gained in conducting a meeting, in public speaking, in 
offering prayer in public. Then, too, the biblical knowl- 
edge thus gained and the moulding of a higher stand- 
ard of spirituality and consecration better prepare our 
young people for church responsibilities awaiting them 
in after life. Work of this character should be encour- 
aged by our elders, not only by their approval, but by 
their presence and by their help. 

Third we would mention 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 


The Pastoral Visit. 
These visits should be cheering, helpful, inspiring; not 
too lengthy; not too formal; full of love and affection, 
and adapted to the various conditions of the people. This 
will help the elder to remember faces and names. With- 
out solicitation he will learn of the joys, the sorrows, the 
disappointments, the hindrances, the doubts and tempta- 
tions of his members. This will help him to select ma- 
terial for his sermons. It will bring the elder and his 
people closer together. It will increase the attendance 
at the public services. It will raise the spirituality of the 
congregation. It will increase the number of accessions 
;ind reduce the number of members disowned. It will 
make the council meetings more pleasant and fewer in 

Greenville, Ohio. 

Three of the Most Helpful Things an Elder Can do 
for His Congregation. 

By I. D. Parker. 

1. Preach Christ's gospel, all of it, and no more. Com- 
mend and encourage as well as warn, reprove, rebuke. 
etc. First, because it takes it all to save the sinner and 
develop the highest type of Christian life. Second, be- 
cause to do otherwise brings the judgment of God upon 
him. See 1 Cor. 9:16; Rev. 22:18, 19. He should do it 
humbly, wisely, boldly, using the twofold power of pre- 
cept and example. Paul told the elders at Ephesiis to 
take heed to themselves and to the flock over which the 
Holy Ghost had made them overseers, and to feed the 
L hurch of God. He wrote the same in substance to Tim- 
othy and Titus, setting up a very high standard of char- 
acter and work for elders of the church; and he empha- 
sized the importance of preaching and living a pure gospel 
in all sincerity and faithfulness. 

2. Next to the above in point of helpfulness is the eld- 
er's pastoral work in the homes of his people. Here, and 
here only, can he learn to know them as a shepherd ought 
to know his sheep. In the home is the place to make the 
children and youth his friends and confidants — a very 
necessary factor in Sunday-school success and future 
growth of the church. It is here that he familiarizes him- 
self with his people's business vocations, their tempta- 
tions, trials and sorrows, and learns their spiritual needs. 
His words of encouragement and good cheer, together 
with his prayer, will lead the famishing ones from the 
barren deserts into the green pastures and will help many 
:l struggling soul out of the slough of despond up to the 
celestial city. The annual pastoral visit is better than 
none, but is far from the best method. He should make 
his visits informally, going where and when most needed, 
with a heart full of love and sunshine, ever keeping his 
tongue silent and his ears closed on questions touching 
the actions and character of others, except in a helpful 
way. Usually the visits should be brief and the conver- 
sations spiritual, fully in accord with the character of 
his high calling. 

3. However helpful an elder's life is, it is incomplete 
unless he trains others to perpetuate his work. The best 
inheritance a parent can give his child is training for a 
useful life. David trained Solomon for a more glorious 
kingship than his own. Jesus trained his disciples to do 
greater work, in one sense, than he did. A congregation 
needs training in sacrifice, in giving, in loyalty, in faith- 
fulness and in all graces and work that make up a model 
church. An elder who sees that this is done and gives 
his people practical experience in all lines of church work 
is helping them to do better work than he is doing. Great 
questions confront the church of to-day, but greater ones 
will meet the church of to-morrow, and now is the time 
to fix in the hearts of young people the principles that will 
assure their correct solution. 

Goshen, Ind. 

The Helpful Elder. 
By W. M. Howe. 

It is not unlawful for a man of God to desire the of- 
fice of bishop, but it is unchristian to want to fill this 
sacred position without a holy ambition to do the "good 
work" of the bishop {1 Tim. 3:1). "I came not to be 
ministered unto, but to minister," might well be the motto 
of every overseer of the church, as it evidently was of 
Christ the head (Matt. 20:28). The New Testament rule 
is that he that would be the greatest in a Christian com- 
munity must be servant of all (Matt. 23: 11; Mark 10:44). 

"He that would ascend to be the highest 
Must first come down to be the lowest: 
And then ascend to be the highest 
By keeping down to be the lowest." 

A good elder is a wide-awake sc-r\ 
interests of those he serves. This 
-trength, grace and good advice con 
gets chiefly from above, for if he is 

ant seeking the besi 
servant needs help. 
inually. All this he 
m servant he is first 

of all a servant of God (Dan. 6:20). 

1. God the Father directs the presiding elder to be a 
father to his spiritual children. Paul was this, and both 
Titus (1:4) and Timothy (2 Tim. 1:2) knew it, heard it 
and felt it. The beloved disciple, when he became an 
elder, passed on the love that had come his way, even as 
doth a father (1 John 3:18). A good father is always 
pleased to visit his children and loving children are al- 

ways so pleased to have the father come that they will, if 
necessary, provide the way. Here is a hint not only to 
wise bishops, but to wise children. The wise will under- 

2. This fatherly elder following in the footsteps of his 
Lord must play the part of the shepherd also. The lambs 
must be fed (John 21: 15). However, of first importance. 
so it seems, is the feeding of the sheep, for Peter is twice 
instructed to see to this (John 21:16, 17). Certainly if 
the sheep are well fed they will find it an easy and a 
pleasant task to feed the lambs. The shepherd bishop is 
pleased to see his flock feed upon the sincere milk of the 
Word (1 Peter 2: 2). He is glad if they " hunger and thirst 
after righteousness" (Matt. 5:6). He knows that those 
that do not are evidently weak and sickly and may at any 
time faint by the way. So the God-sent bishop heartily 
favors the Sunday school and provides Pible classes from 
time to time as feeding places for his valued flock. 
This is the wise elder's good* way of securing to the 
church the proper ordinances (1 Cor. 11: 2) and at the 
same time of eliminating the traditions that only prove a 
hindrance (Mark 7: 13V 

3. Probably the best thing an elder can do for his con- 
gregation is to make himself dispensable. It is a crime 
to be indispensable when the better thing is possible. 
Shall a man encourage those dependent upon him to such 
weakness that they will seriously consider the indispensa- 
bility of their leader? John the Baptist pursued no such 
course. Even Jesus considered his bodily presence with 
his disciples not a necessity. It is a selfish mortal that 
desires to be considered indispensable. It is only the 
egotist who thinks he is. 

When one renders the highest service to those that look 
to him for guidance he does not make himself thereby 
ind^pensable, as some might think, but on the contrary 
he provides for the future in such a way that he thereby 
makes himself dispensable. The good father is glad to 
see his sons develop and become strong in every way and 
early in life to have the judgment, the knowledge and the 
skill to do well anything the father does. So the elder 
that magnifies not himself hut his office (Rom. 11:13) is 
pleased at the probability of the good cause advancing 
more after his departure. Hopeful that it may be so he 
keeps the offices of the church well filled with consecrated 
brethren. So he is ever zealous, never jealous. He de- 
sires these officers well qualified and properly commis- 
sioned and ordained in due time. He is pleased to see 
the church constantly well equipped for service, so that 
he may, with safety to all the interests of the church, at 
any time step aside at the call to come up higher. 
5901 3rd Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

How Elders May Prove Helpful. 
By John Heckman. 
The three most helpful things that an elder can do for 
the members of his congregation seem to me to be: 

1. To be a leader to them. He should have convictions 
of right on the questions and problems which meet his 
people. He must know the influences which touch their 
lives and be able to discuss them with intelligence, kind- 
ness and decision. He becomes the friend of every mem- 
ber. They seek his counsel because it is worth something 
to them. His advice helps them through their troubles. 

He should be able to set them an example in spiritual 
life, devotion and self-denial. Tljere are many things he 
may see that Christian liberty would allow him to do, but 
for the sake of others and especially for the sake of peace 
in the church he must deny himself of them under the law 
of expediency, that he may lead them to a higher life. 
He must lead them by teaching the Scriptures. He must 
study. He must work. He must apply the teachings of 
the Bible tactfully. He must warn them of sin. He must 
point them upward. He must ingratiate himself into 
their hearts by being their friend in time of trouble and 
sorrow, in time of pleasure and joy. The latter is just 
as important as the former. He leads themi 

2. No elder can ever hope to make a body of members 
increase in numbers and spiritually and get along to- 
gether peacefully, learning to love one another, unless he 
possess tact and skill enough to secure for each and every 
member a "square deal." As long as people live in this 
world there will differences arise; so there will differences 
arise among the members of the church. In these the 
elder must not take sides and at the same time must sym- 
pathize with both sides. He must not draw conclusions 
on hearing the statement of only one side of a prospective 
trouble. He should see that Matt. 18:15-17 is entered in- 
to in letter and spirit, and if the first step should fail. 
ihe second step must be used most vigorously. The 
elder should protect the body of members from invasion 
by the quarrelsome element until he is sure that every 
means has been used to s.-ttlc personal I roubles by arbi- 
tration, which is the real point of "take- one or two with 
thee." The elder can do no better for his people than to 
make pergonal troubles remain personal. This may not 
be pleasant to some people, but I am sure it is very help- 
ful for the spiritual welfare of a church. But if such 
things do force themselves before the body, see that 
every one has a SQUARE DEAL. 

3. And now since the elder is leading them onward in 
right, and each and every one should have an equal chance 

with every other one, the best thing he can do for them 
is to give each one something to do. This putting every 
one to work is consummated only in every member doing 
SOMETHING to make the church increase in numbers, 
in purity, in holiness, in thanksgiving, in hope, in self-sac- 
rifice and in every good work. 

Three Suggestions to Elders. 
By Flora E. Tcague. 
There is no doubt but that our church work might be 
more effectual than it now is and that we all might be 
better workers. Because of this, good leaders are need- 
ed who can handle men effectually and tactfully. Those 
leaders ought to be the elders of the church. Some eld- 
ers are able leaders and possess "live-wire" churches; 
others control churches which arc neither " hot nor cold." 
This article is especially for them. That a laymember 
should attempt to advise elders may seem presumptuous, 
but we ought all to be " workers together with God." 

1 In order that an elder might be loved, honored, re- 
vered as a dear father and have a strong influence over 
his thick, let him frequently visit and mingle among them. 
Come as a helpful, cheerful friend. A pleasant "good 
morning" dropped at the open door will cheer the in- 
mates and be long remembered. A word of encourage- 
ment here, a tactful warning there will serve greatly to 
endear him. Are you not financially able to give so much 
of your time to your flock? Then educate them to help 
bear your burden. You can do so. Little words of kind- 
ness, little deeds of helpfulness will unite you with your 
flock far better than any sermon or church council of ad- 

2. In case there are other ministers in the same church 
with him, let him hold monthly ministerial meetings. 
They are as essential to ministers as are institutes to day- 
school teachers or teachers' meetings to the Sunday- 
school teachers. No one man is in possession of all 
knowledge of ways and means. An elder's inferiors in 
office may possess resources he knows not of. A ming- 
ling of ideas, suggestions, and discussions of problems pe- 
culiar to the minister's work will prove exceedingly help- 

3. He should possess a knowledge of what is going on 
in the world in. order intelligently to lead and direct his 
flock aright. Let him be a reader of the dailies, of good 
magazines and especially of magazines that relate to his 
work. To-day audiences arc composed of intelligent peo- 
ple who desire to be fed upon spiritual food presented 
in an intellectual way. Our leaders ought to be in ad- 
vance of their audiences. They will find that ere long 
they must be if they are to retain their congregation. 

Lordsburg, Cal. 

What an Elder Should Be and Do. 
By J. W. Lear. 
An elder (and he should be resident) is an important 
factor in the congregation. Without him the wolves may 
spoil the flock. There is danger from within and without, 
The shepherd that wants his sheep and lambs to pros- 
per and receive the "crown of glory" (1 Peter 5:1-4) as 
a reward for himself will 

Unify His Flock. 
How can the home fight enemies from without when 
strife exists within? "United we stand, divided we fall." 
Paul tells us why in Eph. 4: 3-6 and climaxes his argu- 
ment in the thirteenth verse. It was the burden of Jesus' 
heart, and clinched it with the why in John 17:23. 

To establish this precious doctrine — yea, doctrine— the 
elder must have oneness with Christ: take a stand for 
God, and hold it in the presence of friend or foe. He 
should " feed the flock over which the Holy Ghost has 
made him overseer." publicly and privately, theoretically 
and practically, with the properties that produce unity. 

Visit every family in his parish and talk of the welfare 
(if the church. Invite suggestions and help, thus impress- 
ing that they are an important part of the whole, either 
raising or lowering the standard of unity, purity and 

He should show his abhorrence for gossip and backbit- 
ing by refraining and rebuking. 

He should have no pets. Avoid idle talk. 

Develop and Utilize Talent. 
Christ chose iwelve and gave them special training. 
Paul was three years in Arabia for a like purpose. The 
unfolding of the mystery depended upon this process. 
Church futurity can only be accomplished the same way. 
How many congregations are almost extinct, because 
leaders have been more interested in developing financial 
than spiritual ability, ihe judgment alone will tell. And 
i lie number of young people that have been lost to the 
Brethren church, because their talents were not utilized 
would be hard to compute. 

Prayer meetings, Christian Workers' meetings, Sunday 
school, special day programs, Bible classes, and home 
training, if properly organized by the elder, will develop 
the power. 

Encourage, publicly and privately, every effort for ad- 
vancement. Keep clear of pessimistic fault-finding. 
Bring out new leaders. Elect every young brother to 
the ministry that qualifie 


ellectually and spiritually. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 

With the development of material, utilizing must fol- 
low, or wc decline. A half dozen able ministers in one 
service is a grieving to the Spirit, a menace to the church 
and an unpaid debt to the world. 

Find new fields. Work them systematically, and not 
simply to case conscience, or scatter (lie ministry. 
Promote the Spirit of Sacrifice. 

The following answers the why. Matt. 10:38; Rom. 
12:1; Philpp. 4:15-18; 1 Peter 2: 5. 

This may be done by example. I once heard an elder 
say: " My life has been one of continual sacrifice." It 
should have been so. "He that is greatest among you, 
lei him be the servant of all." 

Teach your Mock to deny themselves of luxuries that 
ihey might supply others with necessities. Cause them to 
feci that their field of usefulness is world-wide, that it is 
an abomination to God and distracting to their soul to 
spend money and time idly while millions are starving 
for natural and spiritual food. 

Organize methods (hat will establish your theory, Find 
needy places and report. Study home and foreign fields 
and picture them to your congregation. 

In conclusion, for help in the foregoing, talk to God 
often, take Christ as your captain, and follow the prompt- 
ings of the Holy Ghost. 

Cerrogordo, 111. 



1 attended a Christmas tree entertainment Dec. 27, 
held in a Methodist church, and as I had not attended 
one for a long while I was a close observer. As we 
waited for it to begin, I just wondered if those church 
people would like to be holding a Christmas tree 
entertainment when Christ comes again. The church 
was decorated with two trees and an arch between 
them in front of the altar, and those trees were hung 
full of cards and presents for the children and grown 
people as well. All seemed happy and glad during 
the program, at the close of which the presents were 
to be given. 

So just as this was to begin in came two " Santa 
Clauses," as they called them; and if you could have 
heard the laughter as they entered one at each door 
in his comical suit and masked face, I am sure it would 
have reminded you of being in some theater if you 
had ever been there. They were kept busy for quite 
a while acting clown and delivering the presents 
around over the church to the people as their names 
were called. 

After this was through with it was announced that 
the two Santa Clauses would sing a piece. The organ- 
ist took her seat at the organ and began playing a 
hymn, " There is a place called Calvary," the two 
Santas singing in a very fine voice and motioning back 
and forward in a comical way. 

How any one professing Christian faith can take 
part in such worldly foolishness as that is certainly 
astonishing to the world. I firmly believe Christ 
would say to such, " When thou art converted, 
strengthen thy brethren." While some will say they 
don't see any harm in them, if they don't see any 
harm in them, see Mark 11: 15, 17; Luke 19; 45, and 
John 2: 14, 16. God is not mocked. These church 
festivals of the present day make lasting impressions 
upon the minds of our boys and girls. 

David said, " Bring up a child in the way he should 
go," and if the professed Christians train their chil- 
dren to take part in worldly amusements in the house 
of God, it is not any wonder there is such lack of 
church interest in so many of the churches. If the 
members do not want to reverence God's house, they 
cannot expect the worldly to. Christ says, " If ye love 
me ye will keep my commandments." Surely he has 
commanded that his house shall be made a house of 
prayer, not a house of laughter and amusement for the 
world, as it is plainly evident they endeavor to please 
the people. Let us keep the house of God as a house 
of worship. 


interest in the work is apparent to all, and the remedy 
seems simple and familiar to all, but how to apply the 
remedy is another question. I know we are weak 
mortals of ourselves, and it seems to be characteristic 
of our weakness to try to shoulder our neglected duties 
onto some one else. 

It is apparent, then, to all that preparation is the 
only force that we can employ to fit us for any posi- 
tion. In order to secure a position in any of the re- 
sponsible avenues of the world we must prepare our- 
selves, and we do because we very well know that 
it is absolutely necessary. Our great railway systems, 
our scientific and industrial institutions, in fact and 
in short, all of the business enterprises of the world 
are looking for experts to promote their business in- 
terests, men and women of preparation. Unprepared 
means disqualified. Think of this. 

Then if this be true of the world, how much more 
important is it that those who are engaged in the 
great work of redemption prepare themselves. No 
writer can be successful without convictions, because 
his writings will lack warmth and energy. No min- 
ister is a truly effective preacher beyond his absolute 
convictions. Without convictions a man can neither 
be a full man nor do the work of a man with con- 
victions. He can be and do to the full extent of his 
unswerving belief. What do you believe? Are you 
confident God has sent you to declare his truths to 
this people, to superintend this Sunday school wisely, 
to bring this class to Jesus, to train this child for a 
great work in his kingdom ? What are your con- 
victions concerning God's purposes and your privi- 
leges ? Find out what you believe, and then give 
yourselves, unreservedly, to the work demanded, as- 
sured that according to your faith so it will be unto 

Then let us come to ourselves and take up the work 
of preparation, make it purely an individual matter. 
I cannot prepare you, nor can you me. We must 
qualify ourselves before the King of glory. We may 
be able to plod our way wearily along through this 
world, performing our duties in a half-hearted way; 
but the sad fact of a wasted life will be manifest 
when we come to the gates of heaven not prepared. 
Ellison, N. Dak. 



The missing link was well received and is a step 
in the right direction of furthering the interest of our 
Sunday schools, and surely we need an awakening 
in our interest in the Sunday school. The lack of 


In reading the query upon the name question in 
Gospel Messenger, No. 50, I am made to wonder 
if granting that request would not leave us in a worse 
quandary than we are at the present time, inasmuch 
as there are no 'less than thirteen main branches of 
the Baptist denomination, and these. by reason of 
division among themselves are subdivided into many 
smaller divisions whose members all claim to be 
" Baptist Brethren." 

Thus you see by assuming the general name " Bap- 
tist Brethren " we would be drawn into continual con- 
flict all over the Brotherhood, and would be placed in 
a position that would constantly demand the explana- 
tion that we are " Dunker Brethren." 

Brethren, I tike to look at this name question from 
a judicial standpoint, inasmuch as all questions of this 
character must be and are settled by a fixed law anyT 
way. Let us see. Law is composed of three divisions : 
" Laws of Statute," " Laws of Common Usage," and 
" Laws of Common Consent." 

Statute Law. Matt. 23: 8 says we are " Brethren " 
(general sense). The law of common usage, as in- 
terpreted by over seventy million American people. 
says that we are " Dunker Brethren " (specific sense). 
It only remains for us by the " Law of Common Con- 
sent " to clinch the argument by authority of Statute 
Law. Matt. 18: 19. 

Precedent — Early Church. Statute Law. Matt. 23: 
8 said they were Brethren. The law of common usage 
among the people of Antioch said they were " Chris- 
tian Brethren." Acts 11: 26. Did they not by com- 
mon consent accept the verdict? 1 Peter 4: 16 says 
they did. and tells them not to be ashamed to suffer as 
a " Christian " brother, but to live up to the name 

and thus "glorify God." Can we do less? Why not 
cease striving against " Law and Reason " and in the 
future pass our time in trying to live up to the stan- 
dard set to the name bv our fathers, since no action of 
ours can or will change our name anyway ? 
South Bend, Ind. 


For Sunday Evening, January 28, 1906. 


Scripture Reading, Eccl. 8. 
I. Bubbles That Burst. 

1. Pleasure First— Duty Last, Luke 12:16-22 

2. Plenty of Time Ahead Matt. 24: 42-45 

3. Stay Young- all the Time, Isa. 64:6 

4. Convert Your Partner Prov, 6: 3 

II. Expensive Risks. 

1. Calculate for Slanderous Tongues. 

2. The Gainer is Sometimes Loser. 

3. It is Easy to go an Inch too Far. 

4. Watch the Bridge Marked "Unsafe." 
III. How Build Them Wisely? 

1. "Set Your Mark High," Col. 3:2 

2. Make Sure the Foundation Luke 6: 48 

3. Don't Get in a Hurry Psa. 119:59 

4. Pattern After— "The Book," Psa. 73:24 

I. Bubbles That Burst. — It is not wise to put off duty 
lor the sake of pleasure. Luke 16: 19-31. Lasting pleas- 
ures come from a clear conscience of duties performed, 
that shall bring eternal reward. Since we can never be 
sure of even the next moment of time, it is folly to waste 
the time we have. Do with your might the work allotted 
you. Do it with the zeal and strength of youth. Invite 
your companions to assist you in serving God and thus 
add to your strength. By following these rules you shall 
have something of far more value than bursting bubbles. 

II. Expensive Risks.— Let not slanderous tongues stop 
you. Only work the harder for God. Aggressiveness 
makes foes; dallying with sin pleases Satan. Do your op- 
posers seem to prosper better than you? It is a long lane 
that has no turning. David and God overcame in God's 
due time. Psa. 37:1-3. Be prepared for shoals. 

III. How Build Them Wisely? — Always keep Christ -as 
the ideal pattern before you. Strive after his perfection. 
Start right. Keep cool. Read your Bible often, prayer- 
fully and meditatively, and the crown brighter than the 
most brilliant bubble and that fadcth not away shall be 


For Week Beginning January 28, 1906. 

I. The Teaching to Us. 

1. Give offense to no one. Philpp. 1:9-11. "Abound- 
ing more and more in knowledge " will lead us to 
greater care in our relations to each other. 

2. Forgive the trespasses of others. Matt. 6: 14, 15. 
Forgive, as you hope to be forgiven. Christ gives 
the measure for our forgiveness. It is our will- 
ingness to forgive others, that opens the daor of 
mercy to us. 

3. Attribute the best possible motives to men. 1 Cor. 
13:5. " Thinketh no evil" means much. If there 
is peace in the heart, there will be full allowance 
for the conduct of others. 

4. Give up some of your own rights. Gen. 13:8, 9. 
If, for the sake of peace, you yield to others, rest 
assured the hand of the Lord is with you to ex- 
tend a blessing. 

5. Watch against passions that cause strife. James 
3: 16. . Here, where watchfulness is needed most, 
many are most neglectful. Just a little word, spok- 
en in anger, has brought trouble that brought un- 
told misery to all concerned. 

II. Its Extent. 

1. In our business relations. Matt. 7: 12. " Golden 
Rule " principles, fully carried out in our daily 
transactions, will bring about a harmonious spirit 
of helpfulness. 

2. In our families. Psa. 101. " I will walk within my 
house with a perfect heart." Noble resolve! 

3. In the church. 1 Tim. 3:14, 15; Acts 20:28. It is 
our business to be helpers in the body of Christ 
and work so earnestly for the upbuilding of Zion. 
that no time is left for disputing. 

4. In the world. John 17: 15. Christ would have the 
Father " keep us from the evil of the world," — not 
because it is pleasing to us, but because we are to 
be light-hearers for him. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20. 1906. 





If we knew the cares and crones 

Crowded 'round our neighbor's way, 
If we knew the little losses 

Sorely grievous day by day, 
Would we then so often chide him 

For the lack of thrift and gain, 
Leaving on his heart a shadow, 

Leaving on our'lives a stain? 

If we knew the clouds above us, 

Held by gentle blessings there, 
Would we turn away all trembling. 

In our blind and weak despair? 
Would we shrink from little shadows 

Lying on the dewy grass, 
While 'tis only birds of Eden 

Just in mercy flitting past? 

If we knew the silent story 

Quivering through the heart of pain, 
Would our manhood dare to doom it 

Back to haunts of vice and shame? 
Life has many a tangled crossing, 

Joy has many a break of woe, 
And the cheeks tear-washed are whitest 

And the blessed angels know. 

Let us reach within our bosoms 
For the key to other lives. 

And with love to erring nature 

Cherished good that still survives; 

So that when our disrobed spirits 
Soar to realms of light again, 

We may say, " Dear Father, judge us 
As we judged our fellow-men! " 



In "A Dream of Wild Bees " we read of a mother 
who went to sleep while darning stockings. And as 
she slept with the stocking in her hand, and her head 
resting on the table, she heard the droning of the bees 
until it seemed like the sound of human voices. And 
one of them said : " Let me touch your child, for I 
am Love. If I touch him he shall not walk through 
life alone. In the greatest dark, when he puts out his 
hand he shall find another hand by it." Then came 
Wealth, Fame, Talent, and many others. But at last 
in this brain picture, out of the shadow of the room 
came one with sallow face, deep-lined, and stretched 
out his hand. The mother asked, " What can you 
give my child?" And he answered: "Not fame, 
nor love, nor wealth ; he shall not even succeed. When 
he runs with others they shall reach the goal before 
him. But far off across the burning sands, where to 
other men there is only the desert's waste, he shall 
see a blue sea. On that sea the sun shines always. 
A great land rises from it, and he shall see upon the 
mountain tops burning gold. And this shall be his 
reward — that the ideal shall be real to him." And 
the mother claimed that gift because it seemed the 
best of all. 

How natural is the question, "What will it be- 
come?" when the smiling child looks up with all the 
innocent confidence of trusting childhood. Meanwhile 
the mother and father are planning for its future. 
They think of their little one as growing into man- 
hood, his hands are to grapple with works yet un- 
known, and his eyes are to see wonders and inven- 
tions now undreamed of. They are ready to lay their 
treasures at his feet; they willingly give him all they 
can. As the child grows older they teach him to 
covet the best gifts that life offers. Quite often, in 
this day. it is wealth. Parents whose means are re- 
stricted, who have been forced to do without many 
things that they wanted, become over-anxious for 
their children to be financially successful. Their at- 
tempts to make financiers out of them are almost pa- 
thetic at times, because poverty has narrowed their 
lives into a treadmill existence and they so want their 
children to be better off. Having food and waiment 
they are therewith content, only stipulating that their 
boy shall have a greater variety of food and many 

changes of costly raiment. And so they teach him to 
love money, to respect men who have made much 
money ; and they hope he will have the Midas touch 
which transmutes everything into gold, even the blood 
and sinews of our fellow-man. 

But the mother of our story was wiser. She did 
not ask for wealth or fame, but that the ideal might 
become real to her child. She was a wise mother, 
for she knew that the ideal determines a man's place 
in the scale of manhood ; that lowest of all is that 
large class of men and women who are drifters, con- 
tent to creep through this world without thought of 
wings for rising. Xo ideals rebuke them; they are 
swept along like the autumn leaves by the wintry 
winds. They may not be really bad, but they do not 
stand for a life that inspires others to live for God. 
'" For me to live is Christ," said Paul; and when men 
have Christ for an ideal there is something so up- 
lifting in it that they long for purity, honor, for 
fidelity to the finer convictions. It was the momentary 
glimpse of this ideal that sent the young man away 
sorrowful, because it was a constant rebuke to the 
common life with which he remained content. The 
loving look of Jesus he never forgot, and it some- 
times came in between him and his great possessions. 
Mothers should know that the most important work 
they have is to help make the ideal real for their chil- 
dren. Teach them to follow the promptings of duty. 
Help them to get away from selfishness and to work 
onward towards the life of love and self-denial. Do 
you know how this may be done? By the old rule of 
line upon line and precept upon precept. Teach them 
the story of Jesus and help them to see the beauty of 
his life. Do not wait until they are old enough to go 
to school ; they will understand the story, if told 
simply and plainly, long before that time. Then help 
them to see the fidelity of Joseph, the courage of 
Joshua, the heroism of Daniel and the sweet constancy 
of Ruth. You will find these old Bible stories to be 
just what you need in your efforts to help them to 
form a high ideal of a noble life. 

What hinders us from making the ideal real? We 
shrink from the effort; we are too indolent to work 
on day after day, doing things we dislike to do because 
they seem to be our duty. It seems easier to shirk 
them and leave them for some one else to do. If we 
listen to the voice of the tempter and stop awhile to 
rest on the Plain of Ease, we will lose sight of our 
ideal, and become satisfied to drift along, doing what 
we are compelled to do. In this way we become con- 
tented with ourselves and our efforts, and we grow 
small and mean and contemptible. We are looking 
away from Jesus Christ. 

We have no right to rust, or to become paralyzed ; 
we are bound to grow, to enlarge. Our ideals compel 
us to go forward. The higher life is always at enmity 
with the lower. Let us help our children to understand 
these things, and help them, too, to learn about the 
wise and good men in history, song and story. So 
much of this must be done in the quiet home circle 
<ir it is never done, and there is a lack, a something 
wanting in the child's life. The boy who is building 
houses and towers out of his -blocks will soon leave 
vour hearthstone to do a man's work out in the world. 
He grows tired of play and asks you for a story. How 
eagerlv he listens to some tale of wonder! Give him 
the best you have, because he is forming his ideals 
of life. 

"There will be other lowers f'.r him (o build; 
There will be oiher sleeds for him to ride; 
There will be other legends and all filled 
With greater marvels and more glorified. 

" Build on and make thy castles high and fair, 
Rising and reaching upward to the skies; 
Listen to voices in the upper air, 

Nor lose thy simple faith in mysteries." 

$103.81. The expenses for the year were $46.69 for 
material to work up. We received $57.12 for articles 
which the circle made and sold. 

We also donated some articles, among which were 
two sheets and two pairs of pillow cases to the Mor- 
rison's Cove home for the old folks, at Martinsburg, 
Pa. The savings of the circle are deposited on inter- 
est for future use to build a larger house for worship. 
Since the organization of the circle we have saved, 
clear of expense, besides donations made, $114.76. 

We held thirty-three meetings during the year, with 
an average attendance of six members. We still hope 
for more aid and more interest in our cause, since we 
are so much in need of a larger house of worship. — 
Si san Rei'loglg, Pres. ; Lizzie Barnett, Sec; Ada- 
line Massic, Treas. 



During the past year our society has met seventeen 
times, with an average attendance of eight. Al- 
though our membership and attendance is not what 
we would like, we still feel encouraged in our work. 
We have no regular place to meet, but gather at the 
homes of the different members. The past year we 
have aided, in the way of clothing, the missions in 
Chicago and St. Joseph, find the children's orphanage 
at Council Bluffs, sending in all to the three places 
three hundred and seventy-four garments. The re- 
mainder of our work consisted of knotting comfort- 
ers, making a piece of carpet and sewing for private 
individuals. We have paid out $12.61 and have a bal- 
ance in the treasury of $15.84. 

Ella Royer, Sec. 

Tin-: circle was reorganized Jan. 1. 1905, with a 
membership of sixteen. We, with a few brethren pay- 
ing a monthly fee during the year, raised $10.75, not 
including the amount received for goods sold, which 
was $93.06, making the total receipts for the year 


Tiii': sisters of the Grand Valley church met Dec. 
14. 1905, for the purpose of organizing an aid society. 
Sister Martha Norton was elected president and Sister 
Ida Van Dyke vice-president. Fifteen members were 
enrolled that day, and now tin- number has increased 
to Lwenty-two. Wc meet Thursday afternoon of each 
week. We have two quilts and one comforter Inp 
nearly pieced, and have several days' work promised. 
We feel greatly encouraged and thank the Lord for 
the interest taken. We ask Cod to bless each member 
fur her pari in this work, for we feel that we may be 
able to do much for his cause. 

L. Beth Van Dyke, Sec. and Treas. 


DURING the year 1905 the sisters of the Big Swatara 
church organized a sewing society. Twelve meetings 
were held, with an average attendance of seventeen. 
< )ur work consisted principally in making quilts, com- 
forters, aprons, etc. Donations were made to Brook- 
hn mission, Washington City church and home mis- 
sions, besides ten dollars sent to Brooklyn church 
building fund. The interest in this work is good, 
and we hope will continue so. 

Dec. s8. Lillie B. Cassel, Sec. 


DURING the year 1905 we held twelve all-day meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of nine. Our col- 
lections amounted to $9.54. which wc invested in ma- 
terial for making garments. There was during the 
vear made and donated 175 garments. These we 
shipped to different mission points, some to St. Joseph 
and some to Kansas City.- 
Lucie Sfxl, Sec. -Treas. 

-Sarah Shirk, Pres. 

A HAPI'S man or woman is a better thing to find 
than a five-pound note. He or she is a radiating 
focus of good-will ; and their entrance into a room is 
as though another candle had been lighted. We need 
not care whether they could prove the forty-seventh 
proposition; they do a better thing than that— they 
practically demonstrate the great theorem of the Live- 
ablcness of Life.— R. L. Stevois&n. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 




Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 24 South State Street, Elgin, it.l. 



| J. H. Moore. 

D. L Mi lues, Illinois, 1 
H- B. Brumbaugh, Pa., > E 
H. C. Early, Virginia, ) I « <"- «■' 

Adviiorv Committee: 
Edward Franta, Geo. S Arnold. P, H. Keltnar. 

. ■ Office Editor. 

Associate Editor. 

Business Manager, 

|3^AJJ business and communications intended for the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III., and not to an; 
Individual connected with it. 

Enterea at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Secontf-class Matter. 

Our correspondent at Pleasant Hill, Tenn., reports 
thirteen recent accessions to the church. 

A revival held at the Bridgewater church, Cook 
Creek congregation, Va., closed with eight accessions. 

During the revival in the Fairview church, Pa., 
ight came out from the world and were baptized. 

Bro. L. W. Teeter, in an article to be published 
soon, is urging our people to leave the church name 
question rest for the present. 

Recently there has been quite an ingathering of 
souls in the Clear Creek church, Ind., there being 
twenty-three baptized and two other applicants await 
the initiatory rite. 

A very encouraging and pleasant revival was re- 
cently held in the Pleasant Valley church, Ind. Six 
were induced to put on Christ in the holy act of 
Christian baptism. 

Bro. C B. Smith, of Milledgeville, 111., is holding 
a revival meeting in the Dunnings Creek church, Pa. 
The services are held in the new house, which was 
dedicated the last day of December. 

Our traveling agent, Bro. John E. Metzger, of 
Rossville, Ind., called on us last week. Inside of a 
few weeks he starts out in the interest of the House, 
and for a time will work in Indiana. 

Bro. H. A. Stephens, of Shoals, Ind., writes that 
there are about sixty members in that vicinity without 
a local minister. He is anxious that a devoted min- 
ister of the Gospel should locate among them. 

Bro. S. N. McCann, of India, accompanies Bro. 
D. L. Miller and wife to China. From China Bro. 
Miller and wife will set their faces in the direction of 
California, while Bro. McCann will return to his home. 

The district meeting of India, announced for Dec. 
29, was held at Anklesvar, where Bro. McCann and 
family are located. It was looked forward to with 
considerable interest, and about the first of February 
we may be able to give an interesting report of this 
gathering and the work done. 

Let some of the sisters, who have experience in Aid 
Society work, write about the better methods of car- 
rying on some good work by these societies. We 
should have some good suggestions, such as will be 
helpful to the aid societies all over the country. May 
we not hear from a number of the sisters on this sub- 

An aged pilgrim, of Ohio, one who has been read- 
ing the Brethren literature, writes us concerning the 
" good old white-winged Messenger," as he calls the 
paper. He does not see how he and his aged wife 
can do without the Messenger, though they are too 
poor to pay for it. It so happens that arrangements 
have been made which permit them to receive the 
paper right along and we trust the " white-winged 
Messenger " will help make their last days pleasant. 

The Brethren in Texas and Southwestern Louis- 
iana held their district meeting at Manvel, Texas, 
Dec. 29. No business was passed up to the Annual 
Conference. Bro. M. H. Peters was selected to rep- 
resent the district on the Standing Committee. 

Bro. David G. Wine, formerly of Octavia, Nebr., 
is now located at Imperial, Nebr., where he administers 
to a smalUband of members. He seems to be pleased 
with his new location and work, and reports that he 
finds the Messenger in a number of families in that 
section. This is looked upon as an indication of the 
interest taken in the church and her work. 

Bro. D. A. Norcross, of Newberg, Oregon, writes 
us that he has sold out and will return to Glendora, 
Cal., about the first of April. He says that the Lord 
has been very kind to him and that he is now feeling 
quite good. He wonders why some of our strong 
young preachers do not move into the part of Oregon 
where he resides, saying that new blood is greatly 

Sometime ago an unconverted man approached one 
of our evangelists and severely criticised the members 
and their conduct generally. The evangelist listened 
to him patiently until he was through, then said, pleas- 
antly: " Come in, Mr. , and give us an example." 

The old man looked at the preacher a moment and 
said: " You have got me now." It is a fine thing to 
get men to take their own medicine ; it sometimes cures 

Bro. Lemuel Hillery, of Peace Valley, Mo., writes 
us that his health is such that he finds it necessary 
to retire wholly from active ministerial labor. He 
resigned his charge of the church, feeling that one 
should not hang onto that kind of work too long. 
He realizes that he has practically done his work as a 
minister and an elder and that he should now retire, 
placing the reins of church work into the hands of 
others. He is likely to change his location in the 
course of a few months, seeking rest from active 
labor and seeking a still closer communion with the 
Lord. May the closing years of his life be full of 
the heavenly fragrance. 

Some people who claim to be living fully up to the 
requirements of the Gospel will now and then violate 
the postal regulations and never think anything of it. 
We mention a case, and there are hundreds of others. 
The Messenger was sent to a party by mistake. In 
order to have the mistake corrected he wrote a letter, 
folded it inside of the paper and sent the same to us, 
bearing a one-cent postage stamp. The letter inside 
was a violation of law, and letter postage was charged 
on the whole thing. We had this postage to pay. 
That is, we had to pay for some one else's wrong do- 
ing. This happens frequently. Some people write on 
the margin of papers and then send them to us without 
paying letter postage. Occasionally a paper of this 
sort will slip through without the postal clerks discov- 
ering it. But it is a violation of the postal law whether 
discovered or not. God sees it, and we may rest as- 
sured that he takes some account of our secret wrong 

[T pg r'Now and then a member takes advantage of 
our fifty-cent proposition, and sends that amount for 
his subscription. We have said time and again that 
the sole purpose of this proposition is to get the Mes- 
senger into families where there are no members, 
either living or boarding, and where the paper is not 
taken. It is a missionary project with a view of reach- 
ing the unconverted, or those not members, with the 
whole Gospel. The General Mission Board has in- 
structed the House to make this proposition, promising 
that the Board would pay the remainder of the cost of 
the paper. It is one way of doing mission work, and 
it is to be hoped that all of our members will enter 
into it heartily without attempting to take advantage 
of the proposition. The regular subscription price of 
the Messenger is $1.50. No one should try to get 
it for any less. Those wishing to take part in mission 
work, in the manner stated, will make use of the blank- 
found on last page of this issue. 

The mission board of Northern Illinois and Wis- 
consin has decided to locate Bro. P. R. Keltner and 
wife in Rockford, 111., for the purpose of building up 
and establishing a church in that city. They are to 
enter upon the work the first of March. Rockford is 
very centrally located, is one of the most prosperous 
cities in the northern part of the" State, and it is be- 
lieved that a good working congregation may be es- 
tablished there. Several members now reside in the 
city, and there are many others who have known the 
Brethren for years. 

It was a pleasure to have with us last Sunday even- 
ing Bro. J. B. Brumbaugh, of Huntingdon, Pa. He 
was with the Brethren in Chicago in the morning, 
came out to Elgin in the afternoon and preached for 
us in the evening. His talk was very much appre- 
ciated. To many of the Messenger readers it is 
known that one branch of the Publishing House 
was formerly located at Huntingdon. Bro. Brum- 
baugh was one of the originators of this eastern 
branch, and it is interesting to hear him tell how very 
small the start was. At the beginning the whole plant 
could have been loaded into a one-horse wagon. It 
is now gratifying for him to come around occasion- 
ally and see how the business is growing. One of 
these days he is to tell the Messenger readers how 
the eastern part of the work actually started. We 
shall await his story with pleasure. 

The Life Story of Henry Clay Trumbull, former 
editor of the Sunday School Times, and the author of 
a number of very valuable books, is before us. The 
work was prepared by Philip E. Howard, and is pub- 
lished by The Sunday School Times Co., Philadelphia, 
contains 525 pages and also a number of portraits of 
Mr. Trumbull, from the time he was twenty-three 
years old until he had reached his fifty-eighth anniver- 
sary. Here the story of a wonderfully busy life is 
told in a most charming manner. When a boy and a 
young man Mr. Trumbull had vrry poor health. In 
fact, his health was not good enough to enable him to 
attend school as he should have done. But he had a 
fine mind, a good heart and did what little he could. 
Finally he got started at work, kept at it, and though 
always weakly, never stopped only when he would 
break down, and did not lay aside his pen until the day 
before he died. The work the man accomplished, with 
his weak body, is marvelous. But he did not worry ; 
he worked. It is the most interesting and inspiring 
biography we ever read. It will help put energy, faith 
and a determination to do something into hundreds 
of young men and some older ones too. The amount 
of inspiration it should put into a young man is worth 
the price of the work twice over. The book is bound 
in cloth and may be ordered from the Messenger of- 
fice. Price, $1.95. 

These days there is a tendency to move everything 
up to the five-talented plane and keep it there. We 
want the best preachers to be had, the finest song 
leaders we can secure and everything else accordingly. 
We expect the educated and the uneducated, the young 
and old, all to enjoy this high grade alike. We do 
not stop to think that the majority of mankind is of 
the common sort, that more of them are converted 
than any other class, and that the Gospel is especially 
adapted to people of this make-up. In the time of 
Christ the common people heard him gladly, and this 
is true even to-day. The common people accept the 
Gospel when the great, on one hand, and the depraved 
on the other, reject it. Wisdom and experience in- 
dicate that we can do better work and more of it among 
the common people, and that we should especially 
gauge our work to reach and help this class. But 
while doing this we should reach down to the depraved 
and help them up to a higher plane. Then the great 
need to be brought down. We do not mean that the 
five-talented man shall strive for two talents, but with 
his five talents he should be trained to feel at home 
with the more common people and enjoy the religion 
that is helpful to them. As near as possible, bring 
everything to the common plane where all classes can 
meet and worship on the one level. Let more of this 
be done and a greater number of people will enjov the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 


To the churches of Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, 
we are requested, by the writing clerk, to say that the 
decision of the district meeting last spring makes the 
fiscal year end April 1, and that all queries, reports 
of committees, reports of officers, etc., intended for 
the district meeting, are to be sent to D. D. Culler, 
Mt. Morris, 111., immediately after that date, so he 
can have the same printed and arranged for the meet- 
ing to consider and act on. This makes it necessary 
that the spring councils be held not later than the first 
week in April. Let all the reports, queries, etc., be 
ready to mail to the clerk during that week, otherwise 
they cannot appear in the program which he is in- 
structed to arrange and have printed, ready for the 
use of the delegates as soon as they reach the place 

of the district meeting. 

Bro. A. J. Wine, whose standing address is Fort 
Worth, Texas, is doing considerable traveling in the 
Southwest, looking up the isolated and administering 
to 'their spiritual needs. As he goes from point to 
point he not only preaches the Gospel, but he dis- 
tributes tracts and hands out many copies of the Mes- 
senger. Inside of a few weeks he is to visit San An- 
tonio, Texas, where we have only one member, so far 
as Bro. Wine knows. If there should be those who 
have friends or relatives in San Antonio, that they 
would be pleased to have Bro. Wine call on, they will 
confer a favor by sending the names and city address 
of such parties to him at San Antonio, in care of Mrs. 
Sarah L. Reed, 1802 W. Houston St. Should there 
be other members residing in the city, or even near 
the city, he will be glad to receive information con- 
cerning them also. 

This issue of the Messenger is largely devoted to 
the work of the elder. Twelve of our careful think- 
ers are telling how the elder may help his congrega- 
tion. Without knowing anything about the sympo- 
sium Bro. Early writes regarding the duties of the 
elder. Never before have we, in one issue, published 
so much regarding the work entrusted to those whose 
business it is to care for the Lord's flock. In these 
articles the keynote of success, in our church work, 
has been struck. It is the solving of the eldership 
problem. Solve this aright and it will help us solve 
all other problems. But with this unsettled we shall 
drift until there will be little left. If we would suc- 
ceed as the Lord intends we should, we must have a 
loyal, efficient, diligent, consecrated and holy elder- 
ship. Our elders must be loyal to Christ, the Gospel 
and the church. They must be efficient, fully qualified 
to do the work of an elder. They must be diligent 
about the Lord's business. They must be consecrated, 
that is, wholly given over to the interest of the church. 
Then they must be holy, men who live pure, upright 
and spiritual lives. With this class of leaders, and 
they must be leaders, everything else will fall into line. 
It will pay our people to take this matter under care- 
ful advisement and encourage methods that will give 
all the congregations elders who are doing their ut- 
most to reach these attainments. 

mother's home. It went off and the young man was 
killed. A toy cannon relieved a fifteen-year old boy 
of his arm, and he died. The toy was a Christmas 
present from a grandfather, and had come a thousand 
miles. All of this happened in the one State, and not 
a fourth of what took place is contained in the report. 


The general Baptist and Free-will Baptist churches 
have been talking union for some years. The Baptist 
church has a number of years to its credit, but from 
time to time it has split up until there are now about 
eight separate bodies. All of them reject infant bap- 
tism and accept immersion alone. They also observe 
the communion. Some hold to the Armenian doctrine, 
while others hold to the Calvinistic. Some of them 
practice close communion, while others do not. Aside 
from close communion their differences are small and 
might easilv be dispensed with should they decide to 
leave speculative questions to take care of themselves. 
It is, however, thought that the regular Baptist and 
the Free Baptist will yet unite. They ought to unite. 
There is no good reason why they should remain apart. 
Of course, with the generations of training they have 
had, we could hardly expect them to accept the whole 
Gospel as the basis of union, but they can certainly 
form a union on what they have and hold in common. 
This might pave the way for something better. Then 
there are other religious bodies that should put aside 
their small differences and agree to come together, 
and thus do away with the expense of supporting three 
times as many churches as are needed. We are not here 
urging the denominations to unite on the whole Gos- 
pel, — they are not far enough along for that, — but 
if they can be induced to unite on half of the Gospel, 
or even a fourth of it, a grand work will be started. 
Get the different churches, that happen to be nearly 
alike, together, and there will be only a few of them. 
Later these might get to talking in favor of the whole 
Gospel and finally become one as the Savior contem- 
plated in his last great prayer. 

second. He may think he has as much right to make 
money and get rich as the laity. True, but none have 
a right to push business interests at the expense or neg- 
lect of the interests of the church. All fortune-getting 
of every kind that does not have the glory of God as 
its ultimate end is a curse; it is certain damnation. 
Many, very many, will receive God's wrath in the 
end because they did not glorify him in their money. 

The elder is by virtue of his office a leader of the 
people. That's what the office means. He is to be 
the teacher and personal example of the way to the 
people. It is his duty to faithfully preach the Word 
of God to all ; it is his duty to direct the resources 
and activities of the church ; it is his duty to study 
and know the membership of his charge, not as his 
field, but as his force. He should know the talent 
of his congregation ; he should see that the church 
sees it also, and he should direct in its development 
along moral and spiritual lines. Of necessity he must 
be a wide-awake, hard-working man, well informed, 
progressive, aggressive, unceasingly active in all that's 
good and pure. Of all men the sin of indifference is 
greatest to the elder. 

In conclusion let me appeal to every elder in the 
Brotherhood. Let there be, a forward movement in 
all departments of church interest. Let there be deep- 
er consecration, stronger convictions of duty, more 
earnest prayer for wisdom and power, more ardent 
devotion, and the spirit of self-sacrifice, though it 
has abounded much, let it abound more. This is an 
important period in the history of the Brethren 
church. What she does in the next quarter of a 
century may determine her future. The elders must 
lead or be led. It is their duty to lead. Will they 
rise up in their strength as one man and lead God's 
host to victory? H. c. E. 




When Christ was born in Bethlehem, so far as our 
information goes, there were no mishaps. The birth 
took place in an enclosure where animals were often 
kept. The angels appeared to the shepherds, a mile 
or two away. Then the shepherds hastened to the city, 
found the child and spread the news concerning him 
and what they had seen during the night, but no one 
was, injured. This cannot be said of our modern way 
of celebrating Christmas. At Houston, Texas, a man, 
by the use of much cotton for hair and long beard, 
tried to make himself look like the mysterious Santa 
Claus. While lighting up the Christmas tree his long, 
white beard, made of cotton, took fire and he was soon 
covered with flames. He was fatally burned before 
help could reach him and he died in great agony. An- 
other man, while impersonating Santa Claus, in the 
same State, burned in like manner. A toy Christmas 
lamp exploded and burned a little child to death. On 
Christmas morning a playful twelve-year old girl 
picked up a revolver, and in her great joy, for the 
fun of it, thought to snap it at a young man 


The office of elder, with its duties and responsi- 
bilities, is totally irreconcilable with indifference and 
inactivity. Whatever may be thought or said by way 
of excusing inactivity on the part of others, there is 
absolutely nothing to excuse the elder. There is so 
much depending upon the faithful performance of the 
duties of his office that no condition within his con- 
trol shall be recognized and acknowledged as ground 
justifying neglect. Of all men the elder ought to 
lead in interest and activity. Yet it is a fact that many 
elders in the Brotherhood in charge of congregations 
are inactive. It is a sad condition, for the activity 
of the elder measures the activity of the congregation. 
First of all the office of elder means interest, interest 
in the church, interest in the salvation of the world, 
interest in the common good of mankind, interest that 
seeks those needing help and finds them and helps 
them. And every elder in the church, when he is 
ordained and installed into office, has read to him the 
qualifications of his office as given by Paul, 1 Tim., 
3rd chapter and Titus, 1st chapter, and these are care- 
fully explained. In addition, the form used in the in- 
stallation is a strong statement of the nature and duties 
of the office. It is all plainly laid before him. He is 
supposed to understand it. He declares that he under- 
stands it in the act of accepting it. He is asked to sol- 
emnly pledge himself to the duties and honor of the 
office. This he does before God and men. He pledges 
himself on the honor of Christian manhood to be 
faithful. That means to be awake, to be diligent, to 
be active. Will he then allow himself to grow in- 
different and inactive? 

The cost of maintaining faithfulness in the way of 
sacrificing other things is understood in the pledge: 
it is understood in the call to the office also. Business 
opportunities, the pleasures and comforts of home, 
the love of ease, all these must go. There are times 
when the faithful elder is forced to measurably neg- 
' lect even his own children for the sake of the general 
good. The duties of his office first, other interests 

When on the farm, after the threshing was done, 
we always had a lot of stuff for which we had no spe- 
cial name. So we called them odds and ends, which 
meant things that were not matched and things that 
were out of correspondence with other things. So it 
was in the fall after the seeding was done and before 
the setting in of winter. There were little jobs of 
different kinds that needed attention— a kind of an 
aftermath or a second crop of things that had to be 
done in order to complete the summer's work. And 
so it is in almost every phase of life. We have our 
odds and ends. Not because they are of no im- 
portance, or of minor importance necessarily, but be- 
cause of their separateness, or misfitting with other 
things. The same is true of the closing of the year. 
There are always things left undone or unsaid, and if 
they are done or said at all they must be thrown in 
as odds and ends. 

So, what we may now have to say may be too late 
as a first crop, therefore we give them as an aftermath 
or a final gathering of items that belong partly, at 
least, to the year that is now in the past. And if we 
were to gather tip all the " left overs " we would have 
enough to make a book. 

Christmas was a great day for the American peo- 
ple and for all Christian lands. The Christ-child was 
openlv displayed in homes, in chapels, in churches, in 
cathedrals, in all kinds of places, to the eyes, hearts 
and minds of millions of children and grown persons 
in a way that it is never done on other days and oc- 

But the day is past for the year that is gone, and 
all we have left of it are the odds and ends. And to 
tell of what they consist would be a funny story in 
some cases and-a sad one in others. The most precious 
of them are the pictures of the Christ-child in the 
memories of the children. Some of the sad ones are 
found in the homes of the rich and the well-to-do. and 
could be best told bv the mothers and their family 
physicians. Tt is a sowing that brings an unwelcome 


Our Christmas here was spent largely in our homes 
and among each other. The day was delightfully 
pleasant and quiet. Of course gifts were given and 
exchanged and many times it was said to each other, 
"A merrv Christmas to vou." On Christmas evening 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 

Ilie Sunday school had their meeting, which was well 
attended and very interesting. A pleasant feature of 
the evening was giving the life of Christ in stereop- 
ticon views. On the Sunday hefore cards in envelopes 
were distributed to all present. In the envelope was 
to be placed a Christmas gift for the Lord. On the 
card was to be placed the name of the giver, the 
amount of the gift, and for what purpose the gift was 
to be used. In giving the report the superintendent 
said that there were some twenty purposes named. 
They were all handed in at the evening meeting, and 
amounted to about sixty dollars. The interim between 
Christmas and New Year's was quiet and restful, the 
greater part of the college students being home. 

Bro. Swigart was called to New Paris, Pa., to as- 
sist in dedicating a new church built in the town. He 
reports a very pleasant time and good meetings. He 
says the house is well built, commodious and adapted 
to the wants of the church. Others of our ministers 
were called out to do work for the Master. 

We enjoyed a very pleasant call from Eld. Geo. W. 
Brumbaugh, of Clover Creek church. He is enjoying 
good health for a man of his age, and manifests a 
warm interest in the church and her work. With him 
was Bro. J. H. Standencmr, a pupil of mine in my 
early experiences of school-teaching. It was his first 
visit to my home, and it was a pleasure that we could 
thus meet. Time is showing her traces on both of 
us, and this reminds us that our days for active service 
are rapidly passing by. 

Xew Year's day was spent in home surroundings. 
And on the part of some the old English custom of 
going from house to house to give the New Year's 
greeting was practiced and enjoyed. The greeting: 
"A happy and prosperous year," means much when it 
comes from the heart. And we are glad to believe 
that of some it really does. Why not? In it we have 
the golden rule expression. What we would like to 
have for ourselves we wish to others. And as such 
wishing doesn't make us any the poorer, but others 
richer, surely we can afford to do it. 
_ The early pealing of the church bells awakened us 
<mt of a peaceful slumber and reminded us that the 
'" old " was going out and the " new " coining in. A 
year of days was recorded and the book closed. Yes, 
the Tecord is made — what is it? All we can do is to 
repent, ask the Lord to blot out our transgressions, 
and with a stronger determination enter the new year 
with more love for better service. Like Paul, we have 
the will to do good, but do not have the courage to 
put it into service. 

On the second day of the week and the year we 
were at the chapel opening of the winter term. We 
have attended scores of these opening chapel serv- 
ices. And it seems as if a new inspiration comes to 
me from each one. The thought comes: O, that I 
were a boy again—but, no, I don't care to try the 
experiment over again— but had I it to do again, 
knowing what I know now, I would do some things 
different. Yes, I would. But it does seem— yes, it 
more than seems— it is an undeniable fact, our voung 
people enjoy greater privileges to-day than did those 
of fifty years ago. But whether or not they are ap- 
preciated as they should be is a question that must 
be solved by themselves. 

We are living in a golden age. Lord, help us to 
get some of the pure gold out of it. " Forgetting 
those things which are behind, and reaching forth un- 
to those things which are before, I press toward the 
mark for the prize of the high calling of God in 
Christ Jesus." So mav we all do during the year 
1906. ' 


W E learn with pleasure that our ten-cent proposi- 
tion did good, not only by greatly increasing our sub- 
scription list, but in helping people to know more 
about the Brethren and their claims in behalf of the 
primitive order of Christianity. Below we are giving 
an extract from a letter written the House by one of 
the parties who has been reading the Messenger a 
short time : 

Dear Friend.-,;— I have been receiving the Gospel Mes- 
senger for a few weeks, and I just wish to say of all 

the papers I have read I consider it the best. I have been 
greatly benefited by reading it. I am not a member of 
your church, but I am almost persuaded to join my lot 
with your church now. Dear friends, I am a poor man, 
but if I can raise the amount I will send for the paper. 
I would love to read it, but have not the means just 
now to pay for it. I will try to get it, as I feel that I 
have missed a great deal by not getting the Messenger. 
Will you pray for one who needs a little more light? 

With people from all parts of the country writing 
for more light our readers need not wonder that we 
are trying to push the .Messenger out into every sec- 
tion of the country. There is a demand for the paper 
as well as for the doctrine it teaches. There is no 
other paper in the world just like it in this respect. 
We not only teach the whole Gospel, so far as the 
written Word is concerned, but we are urging the 
people everywhere, in the xhurch and out of it, to 
study the spirit of the written Word and make it a 
prominent feature of their lives to abstain from the 
very appearance of evil. There are many who admire 
this method of looking into the Gospel, and the Mes- 
senger means to find them and encourage them in 
living in keeping with both the letter and spirit of 
the New Testament Scriptures. 

It will be observed how the paper is impressing 
the one referred to above. There are thousands of 
the same kind in every -State in the Union. They are 
looking for more light, and should have it. There 
may be some of these people in every communitv 
where members are living. Why not send them the 
Messenger and in this way do some excellent mis- 
sionary work? If they are living in families where 
there arc no members, and where the Messenger is 
not taken, the paper can be had for the small sum of 
fifty cents. Of course this will not pay the expense 
of printing the paper, but the Mission Board, being 
anxious to do as much mission work as possible, has 
agreed to pay the rest, and in this way the House 
loses nothing. Why not all of those who can invest 
fifty cents and do some mission work? We have thou- 
sands of members who can take part in a work of this 
sort if they will. May we not hear from them? 


The Sunday School Times takes a decided stand 
against church fairs as a means of raising money for 
religious purposes. It is maintained that morals are 
lowered by that evil method. In reply to several 
queries received on the subject the editor says: 

Every time that the church of Christ asks an indi- 
vidual to contribute to the progress of Christ's kingdom, 
and offers a saucer of ice cream, or a fancy scrap-basket, 
or two hours of comic charades, as a partial and tangible 
return for the investment, the worthiness of Christ's cause 
is questioned, and the motives of the one solicited are 
'liscredited. To put it bluntly, money-getting for the 
church by barter is an insult cither to the church, or to 
the one whose money is sought, or to both. Such "mon- 
ey-raising" practically says: "The church of Christ is 
not worth supporting; you know it, and I know it, there- 
fore I won't ask you to believe that it is. But it has got 
to be supported, so buy this thing, almost getting your 
money's worth, and we'll turn over the profit to the un- 
worthy church." Or it says: "The church is worth sup- 
porting, but we don't give you credit for believing this," or 
for any willingness to help in its support, so we'll offer 
you something that will appeal to you." Such an appeal 
is travesty on Christ's charge: "Freely ye received, free- 
ly give." 

The root evil in church fairs and all commercial meth- 
ods of securing money for the Lord's work is that they 
are an unworthy appeal to an unworthy motive. They de- 
fraud people of a blessing that God wants to give, and 
that can only come from faith-filled, free-will offerings: 
" Bring ye the whole tithe into the store-house, . 
and prove me now herewith, saith Jehovah of hosts, if I 
will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you 
'■ut a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to 
revcive it." If the church fair is right in principle, then 
far better let the church trustees conduct a regular and 
high-class business enterprise as a permanent institution, 
the profits of which shall go to meet church expenses. If 
that would not seem advisable, why make amateurish and 
cheap and spasmodic attempts at the same thing? 

We believe that the whole scheme of hiring people 
to give money, for a religious purpose, is wrong from 
start to finish. It breeds bad morals by appealing to 

the lower motives. It makes no difference in what 
way men and women are hired to give, the thing is 
wrong, and does not develop the higher and better 
qualities. Some of the churches have run wild with 
this graft method of raising money for church work, 
and the most of the devout preachers and editors are 
realizing it, very much to their sorrow. Our own 
people should be on their guard that we be not grad- 
ually led into the same evil. If the evil should come 
our way, it will not come all at once, but in small in- 
stallments. We need to watch the little foxes. 


There are ways of making the weak strong with- 
out sending them off to some health resort or giving 
them medicine. Here is one of the ways, and we 
would like to see it tested in other localities, not once, 
but many times. It comes to us like many other good 
things, and we give it to our readers: 

Over in Indiana there is a country church having a 
scattered membership of about eighty members. In this 
church there are but two ministers, one of whom is past 
seventy years of age, the other a young man of but thirty- 
five. The young man has been ordained to the eldership 
and has had charge of the church for some time. He also 
superintends the Sunday school and is a regular teacher 
in the school. He is active and full of zeal for the Mas- 
ter's cause in that locality, but is delicate in health, and 
as he makes his living by farming he is much hindered 
tn his work. But the people over there have a way of 
showing their appreciation of a willing worker as well as 
their attitude toward the supported ministry question. 
Last spring when the elder was in poor health and un- 
able to plow they came in and plowed for him and thus 
helped him to get out the crop; then by the assistance of 
his two small boys the crop was cultivated. When the 
gathering time came they just simply made a frolic and 
husked his entire crop. Now they could measure the 
number of acres plowed and the number of bushels 
husked, but they could not measure the joy these acts pro- 
duced in the life of that preacher and his faithful compan- 

The Messenger readers need not know the name 
<>f the preacher or the name of the congregation 
where it all happened, but it is all vouched for. It 
happened in a locality where the Messenger is widely 
read and appreciated, where the members are cheer- 
ful and happy, and where the minister loves his peo- 
ple and delights to lead them into the green pastures 
where the water of life flows abundantly. 

Why can we not have more of this kind of work- 
going on in the Brotherhood? We do not mean for 
the poor man to spend his time helping the rich, but 
those who can should turn out, en masse, if necessary, 
and help the hard-working minister who really de- 
serves all the aid he can get. 


David asked the Lord to turn his eyes away from 
beholding vanity. Psa. 110: 37. In a thoughtless 
manner members sometimes disregard this scripture, 
greatly to their spiritual injury and much to the dis- 
credit "of the church. Here is an instance. We clip 
from a leading daily in the West. Our attention was 
called to it by one not a member of the church, though 
he greatly regrets the way some of our people are run- 
ning after the foolish fashions of the world. Here is 
the clipping: 

The other day two demure Dunkards, in their plain little 
brown bonnets, entered one of the big department stores. 
They glanced hesitatingly about and then headed directly 
for — the religious book department? Not much! The 
jewelry counter. 

But this is not the first time that other people have 
noticed our members giving special attention to jew- 
elry departments. They have been seen in large stores 
studying the fashion plates. It should be remembered 
that jewelry and the latest displays shown by the fash- 
ion plates do not harmonize with the little brown 
Dunker bonnet. Fashionable people look for some- 
thing better where they see the Dunker bonnet. in 
evidence. When our members conduct themselves aft- 
er this manner they can look for. criticism even in. 
the secular papers. The real remedy is to turn our 
eyes away from beholding vanity. 


TH£ GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 


general Missionary and Tract Department 


D. L Miller, 
S. F. Sangh», 

Illinois I H. C. Early, 
Indiana | A. B. Barnhart, 
John ZnCK. Iowa. 



Most of lis know that the Moravians have done far 
more missionary work than the average church, when 
their numbers and wealth are considered. Some persons 
express wonder that they can do so much. And -t is 
strange that they should do so much when many others 
do so little. It may do us good to learn just how much 
they are doing, and then look at the motives which 
prompt them to deny themselves many things common- 
ly considered necessary in order to give to others the 
news of salvation, which to them is of supreme impor- 
tance, and to all professing Christians should be of more 
importance than it is, if we judge by the amount of work 
done and the sacrifices made in order that Christ may 
be preached to those who know him not. 

A few quotations from those who know will be of in- 
terest, and will show how much in advance of most other 
churches the Moravians are in mission work. Mr. Mott 
says: "The most striking example of achievement on the 
home field, in the interest of foreign missions, is that of 
the Moravians. They have done more, in proportion to 
their ability, than any other body of Christians. If mem- 
bers of Protestant churches in Great Britain and America 
gave in like proportion, then missionary contributions 
would aggregate over £12,000,000, or a fourfold increase. 
And if they went out as missionaries in corresponding 
numbers, we would have a force of nearly 400,000 foreign 
workers, which is vastly more than the number of mis- 
sionaries estimated as necessary to achieve the evangel- 
ization of the world. The question is, What is there in 
connection with the work that is not reproductible?" 

The secretary of the Board of Missions of the Mora- 
vian church, P. de Schweinitz, said: "To-day the Mora- 
vians have for every fifty-eight communicants in the home 
churches a missionary in the foreign field, and for every 
member in the home churches they have more than two 
members in the congregation gathered from among the 

There is something here to think about One foreign 
missionary for every fifty-eight members at home! That 
seems incredible, impossible; and yet it is a fact, a fact 
vefy much to the credit of the body with such a record. 
Is there arty, reason why others may not do as much? 
Is there any reason why the Brethren church may not 
do as much as the Moravian church? it is a long look 
ahead, but it is a good goal to strive to reach. And 
when we have reached it, if our number were to remain 
as it is now, we shall have in the foreign field about four- 
teen hundred missionaries. Just compare that number 
with the number we have already on the foreign field, and- 
see how far we come short of the Moravians in one most 
important line of Christian work, 

Let us make an estimate for each of our congregations 
separately, and then the work will not seem so nearly 
impossible. At that rate the Elgin Brethren church 
would pay for a missionary and a third. Could we do it? 
Yes, and without making any real sacrifice, though a 
large majority of our members have little or nothing of 
this world's goods except their wages. A congregation 
with three hundred and fifty members would need to sup- 
port six foreign missionaries. Could that congregation do 
it? Most assuredly. In fact it would not be impossible 
to find congregations in which the actual waste of the 
money entrusted by the Lord to his children would suf- 
fice to keep the required number of workers on the field. 
There arc, of course, small congregations in new lo- 
calities where the average could not be kept up without 
great hardship. But there is enough surplus wealth in 
other congregations to more than make this lack good. 
The Lord does not demand the impossible. What he 
asks is that we prove him, test his promises. His vtealth 
is not exhausted, his willingness to bless is greater than 
our desire to put ourselves in a condition to receive the 
blessings. If we do our part he will open the windows of 
heaven and pour out such a blessing that we shall not 
have room to receive it. That is his promise. Do we 
believe it? It seems not, for the tithes are not brought 
in by any considerable part of the members. 

We have made commendable progress in recent years. 
But we are but started in the right direction and must 
not for a moment imagine that it is time to cease effort. 
The goal is a long, long way ahead, and can be reached 
only by patient continuance in well-doing, by our striving 
each day to come more nearly up to the full stature of 
manhood and womanhood in Christ Jesus. Is it the fixed 
purpose of each heart so to strive? 
Lord grant that it may be. 

vhere, and 

vill accom- 

Tlie other evening the boys in their Bible class asked 
me whether all the people in America were Christians, 
and how I wished I could say, "Yes"; but I could not. 
Then they wanted to know what the people who were 
not Christians were called, and whether they worshiped 
idols. I told them they did not worship idols, and they 
asked, "If they do not worship idols, then what sin dn 
they do, and why are they called sinners?" 

Just now our compound and buildings arc being made 
ready for the coming district meeting, which will be held 
here Dec. 29 to Jan, 2. All our missionary family will 
gather here — except those who must "stay by the stuff" 
at Bulsar, for someone must care for the boys and girls 
there. A number of our native Christians will come, and 
we are hoping and praying for a time of refreshing of 
mind, spirit and body, for the work of the coming year. 
These meetings are times to be remembered and are pre- 
cious to us all. They are to us what the Annual Confer- 
ence is to the home churches. We arc very glad to have 
Ero. D. L. Miller with us this year again, and regret 
that the time is so near when he will leave us for the 

Brother McCann's spent a few days this week with 
Brother Ross's at Vyara. Bro. Ross and Bro. McCann 
went hunting and succeeded in bringing in some large 

Brother Eby"s, of Jalalpor, are spending a few days with 
us on their way to visit their new station at Nandod, 
the capital of Rajpipla state. They have not yet secured 
a house. We all learn sooner or later that American 
" push " -is not so valuable here as it is at home. In any 
work in which the native is concerned, it is impossible to 
hurry. It is a little hard on one's patience sometimes, 
but patience is a most important virtue any 
especially in a missionary. Patience and tact \ 
plish more in the end than push and energy. 

Bro. McCann is preparing to accompany Bro. D. L. 
Miller to China on his homeward trip. He will be absent 
for three months or more, and will be missed here. 

Last week Bro. McCann spent several days in the vil- 
lage of Vardi, about twenty-five miles away. He took one 
of the boys along to cook for him and went in a cart. 
This is the village from which the man walked in, some 
weeks ago, to be baptized. There has been some perse- 
cution, but others are asking for baptism. 

A few days ago Bro. McCann and I visited the Gujerari 
school in the bazaar where some of our boys are now 
studying. The head master showed us what he called his 
museum, though it was a very diminutive affair. We also 
heard a recitation in chemistry which was good, though 
their methods and appliances are crude. They do well 
with what they have. On the way home we passed a 
house where a Wedding had occurred an hour or so before. 
They insisted on our stopping and sitting with them 
a while, and they gave us flowers, pan-sopari, and per- 
fumed us. The decorations were very elaborate accord- 
ing to their notions, but you might not agree with their 
idea of beauty. A little girl of eleven was married to a 
man of twenty. She will not go to live with him for 
seven years. Meanwhile if he dies she will be widowed 
for all her life. If she dies he may marry again, but she 
cannot. He may have other wives, but she must have 
only one husband. Should she be widowed, she will lose 
her pretty jewels, have her head shaved and go to the 
home of her husband's people to be their slave, in this 
way atoning for the sin which caused his death. My sis- 
ters, be thankful you live in a Christian land, where you 
need not suffer such things. Mary N. Quinter. 

Dec - 1S - ^ ^ A 

<s> «> <3> 


which I did, whereupon she also united with the church, 
and now they both enjoy civil liberty together as well as 
the "liberty of the children of God." Two others whom 
I baptized in their stripes have since been pardoned, for 
whom I appeared before the governor of the State and 
his board of pardons, and are now both at liberty. Two 
others who found grace behind the bars, and were bap- ' 
tized under guards, are at liberty now, and, when last 
heard from, bless the day when the Gospel Messenger 
met them in their cells, and the day when one took upon 
himself the humiliating attitude to stand up to proclaim 
to eight hundred and sixty-five of them the doctrine of 
the Brethren, once from month to month. Much might 
be said of the warden and his staff, and of the chap- 
lain and his favors from his library and office enter- 
tainments and the sharing of his time in his pulpit, his 
encouragements to our awn doctrine and his introduc- 
tions to his vast audience. And last, but not least, the 
encouragement of the warden to "come again on a work 
so advantageous to them all." 

It will be observed that the Messenger played an im- 
portant part in these prison conversions. In fact, it may 
have had something to do with all of them. The Mes- 
senger is a very quiet and an effectual preacher. It is 
welcomed in any prison in the United States. The ward- 
ens like to see the inmates reading the paper. They 
know that it moans better men, not only during their 
prison life, but when they are permitted to return to 
freedom. We would like to sec several thousand copies 
of the Messenger placed in scores of penitentiaries in this 
country. It might be sent to the warden regularly for 
distribution. Eifty copies to one hundred prisons would 
mean five thousand copies. Why not talk to your dis- 
trict mission boards about it, and offer them the money 
for the purpose? If you want to do -mmc mission work 
of this sort, write the House for special terms on twenty 
or fifty copies to be mailed each week to the warden of 
the prison you designate. 

<S> ■$> <3> 

It should be. The 

In Matthew 25 we read about certain people being shut 
out of heaven because they did not visit and attempt to 
help those in prison. Should that charge be brought 
against all the Messenger readers, on the day of judg- 
ment, it is certain to produce a startling sensation. How 
many might be able to pass the examination on this 
point should concern all of us. But Bro. C. C. Root, of 
Ames, Okla., has done some effectual work in prisons, 
and we presume he. stands ready to do more. Here is 
what he says about some of his labors: 

While reading Brother Mahan's " In Prison " the ex- 
perience of penitentiary work came vividly to my mem- 
ory During the home mission year of 1896 my visits to 
the penitentiary at Lansing, Kans., were monthly, and 
there is not an important phase of the work ever so 
difficult that did not seem to be wonderfully blessed. 
There is not a degree of sentence that was not repre- 
sented in the conversions to the Brethren's faith, 
applications for baptism by us. Among the eight that we 
baptized there was one of the 

of the colored race incarcerated for life, who, by divine 
providence, got his freedom 
conversion and has since been 
ren church in Kansas City. 

When a convict from Quinter, Kans., was baptized un- 
der heavy guard, he requested of me to inform his 
through Eld. Benj. Whitmore, of Quintei 

From past and present observations ii is believed that 
in our earnest endeavor In push out into home and for- 
eign missions we are greatly neglci 
portant opportunity for doing mis 

With no effort or desire to discourage home and for- 
eign work, yet it occurs that we are inclined to look too 
far away. How about thnse within a few hours' ride or 
drive from us who never heard the Trulh in its fulness,— 
our neighbors right in our own communities? 

To illustrate: Here is church No. 1, having perhaps 
an elder and one or more ministers to him, and 
with this force he is keeping up from onc^to four^poorly- 


cling another very im- 
irk right 

attended s 
same time 
never heard 

nonth, all at the church; and 

ic people are living within five or ten miles wm, 
the Brethren preach and never attend cluirch. 


it we 

' Dalton gang," and one 

for life, who, 

less than three years after 

identified with the Breth- 

While this elder and his helpers fill these appointments 
at the church, each one taking his turn at preaching, ye 
there arc souls right al their doors perishing for the bread 
and water of life 

Then here is church No. 2. with perhaps two, three or 
even more elders and yet .here are souls, perhaps lambs 
of the fold, isolated by only an hour's tram ride who 
would gladly meet all expenses incurred in an effort to 
have one or more of those minrlers or elders preach 
for them regularly, weekly or monthly as might be agreed 
upon. What a field right al their doors! and yet those 
servants of the Lord are contenl to have one appointment 
at the church, to be filled in turn by them, once or twice 

3 K^'here is church No. 3, with elders, ministers and 
a noXbaml o? Sunday-school and Christian Workers to 
assist in Ihe regular preaching and other services, all at 
the church, perhaps, a dozen services of one kind or an- 
other a mon.h.-awfu! nice for them isn't lt ?-but how 
about those poor souls within an hour or two i i drive .hat 

ever have these opportunities:' Wouldn't ,. be a grand 
illc if those elders and ministers would divide 

JtK scatter out a little on each Lord's Day meet he 
neope in worship at two. three or more places each 
Hay? Grand, because it would develop much latent 
in cut in our ministry, especially in the young ministers 
Grand because it would be doubling or trebling the 

mount of work done. Grand, because of the good re- 
sults sure to follow n the conversion of two or three 

ies more persons. Grander still if a few earnest work- 
ed would accompany those ministers to encourage them 
and to interest those who might attend the meetings. 
Still grander, in the development of the gifts and talent 
of our laity who would assist in this good work. 

night call for some Sunday visiting and social 

nent on the Lord's Day, but we shall feel amply 

-- -vi th religious work 


repaid if by combining social visiting with religious won. 
STshill SM our neighbors and friends converted to G<xf 
By means of mutual exchange of "'l;'** 1 .^ 
.„re to follow in the course suggested we can induce 
them to become interested in the work of the church and 
,hlu soul's eternal welfare. It is suggested that we cast 
anchor and look about us and see what grand opportu- 
nities we are neglecting right at the door. 

In conclusion, shall we follow in the footsteps o our 
fathers and give our neighbors a free Gospel,. or shall we 
stind idlv by and wait for some church or mission board 
Sold oufthe contribution box and tell us «MP«£ 
selves, and then go and preach to our neighbors. How 



££■ oVM Others "who"are~ gone "to'thcir rewarth 
many o, iiii s of us are j oing 

now WhcnTe faith ul are rewarded and th.e Savior 
makes up his jewels and the idlers are calle_d into.account, 

what will our answers be. 
Leachville, Ark. 

B. E. Keslcr. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

"As cold water to n thirsty soul, so is good news Irom a (ar country." 

Fruitdale church met in council Jan. 6. Three were re- 
i ceived by letter, and another one to be received soon. 
This makes seven by baptism and six by letter in the 
last vear. We hope the mission board will send us a 
preacher. We keep up our prayer meeting each Sunday 
evening. Sunday school each Lord's Day the whole year 
round. We elected the undersigned for superintendent 
and Bro. G. M. Bilheimer assistant for the coming year. 
Fifty-six scholars were enrolled the first Sunday.— J. Z. 
Jordan. Fruitdale, Ala., Jan. 11. 

Lordsburg church met in council Jan. 8, our elder, 

Simon E. Yundt, presiding. Seven letters of member- 
ship were read; E. T. Keiser was reelected Sunday-school 
superintendent and J. M. Cox reelected assistant. A 
brother and a sister who had wandered away were rein- 
stated. Bro. A. W. Vati i man preached an earnest ser- 
mon Thursday evening, Jan. 4. On Friday he gave us a 
talk on mission work in Denmark and Sweden. It was 
interesting, instructive and helpful. — Grace Hileman Mil- 
ler, Lordsburg, Cal., Jan. 9. 

Fruitvale church met in council Jan. 6, Bro. M. E. An- 
drews presiding. Church officers were elected. Chris- 
tian Workers' officers, Bro. M. E. Andrews president, 
Sister Minnie Brown secretary. Sunday-school officers. 
Sister Minnie Brown superintendent. Sister Lucy J. Bick- 
ett assistant. We decided to have a series of meetings 
and love feast in the near future and have our new church- 
house dedicated. We are now holding meetings in our 
new church. We would be glad to have more members 
locate here, homes are cheap. Any one wishing any in- 
formation will write to the undersigned. — Mrs. Alice 
Myers, Bangor, Butte Co., Cal., Jan. 7. 

Inglewood church met in council Jan. 6, with our elder, 
W. J. Thomas, in the chair. Church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the present year. Sister Susie 
Thomas was reelected superintendent of our Sunday 
school and the writer assistant. Bro. Vaniman, our late 
missionary from Sweden, has been secured to hold our 
series of meetings, beginning Jan. 21 and continue till 
our love feast Feb. 3. Our little church was the glad 
recipient of a twenty-live dollar Christmas present from 
. our friend Daniel Freeman. — T. M. Calvert, Inglewood, 
Cal., Jan. 9. 

Princeton. — Our Sunday school was reorganized Dec. 
31. Ii is named the Glendina Sunday school. We have 
a very good Sunday school. There are now three ap- 
pointments each Sunday. At eleven A. M. there is 
preaching at a schoolhouse five miles away; each Sunday 
at two P. M. there is Sunday school, followed by preach- 
ing services at the homes of the members. On Wednes- 
day evening of each week there is teacher's meeting at the 
home of Brother and Sister Piatt. Two more members 
have recently moved in. There are now fifteen members 
settled in this part of California. — Leona Shively, Prince- 
ton, Cal., Jan. 6. 

Reedley.— Our communion was held Dec. 23. Eld. C. S. 

Holsingcr, of Laton, officiated. Sixteen surrounded the 
Lord's table. One letter was received. Some visiting 
members were present. We met in council Jan. 6. Eld. 
I. F. Betts presided. Sister Rebecca Skinner was chosen 
agent for the Brethren Publishing House.— Franklin Da- 
vison, Diuuba, Cal., Jan. 10. 


Rockyford church met in council Jan. 6, with Bro. Ul- 
lum presiding. All church and Sunday-school officers 
were elected for the following year. Bro. Ullum, from 
Prowers, Colo., was chosen as our elder, with Bro. Nev- 
inger assistant. Sister Talhelm was chosen Sunday- 
school superintendent, with Sister Clara Hochstedler as- 
sistant. Brethren David Hamm and John Bjorklind were 
advanced to the second degree of the ministry. Three 
letters of membership were read and one was granted. 
Dec. 24 Bro. Earwick, from McPherson, began a series of 
meetings at this place, which is still in progress. The 
members have been much encouraged. One hour each 
evening is devoted to Bible study, led by Bro. Barwick — 
Minnie Frantz, Rockyford, Colo., Jan. 9. 

Good Hope congregation met in special council Dec 
at Sterling, Colo. Two letters of membership were 
read. The election of Sunday-school officers resulted as 
follows: Superintendent, the writer, and Bro. Bushong 
assistant. The Sterling Sunday school took a special col- 
lection Dec. 24 for the Brooklvn mission, amounting to 
$5.14. We just received word from Bro. L. E. Keltner 
stating^ that they have decided to come to Sterling. 
Ihere is also room for more brethren and sisters in this 
part of Colorado. Come and help us.— Daniel Eiken- 
berry. Sterling, Colo., J^an. 8. 

St. Vrain congregation met in council Jan. 6. Principal 
business coming before the meeting was the election of 
Sunday-school and church officers. Oscar Moore was 
elected superintendent, Howard Long assistant- the writer 
correspondent. Four church letters were granted and 
one was read.— Oscar Moore, Route 3. Box 29, Longmont, 
Colo., Jan. 8. 

Washington City church convened in council Jan. 8, 
Eld. A. P. Snader, of New Windsor, Md., presiding Bro 
bnader was unanimously reelected as elder for the congre- 
gat.on for one year. Officers for the Sundav school were 
elected; with few exceptions the old officers" were reelect- 
ed. A committee of three was appointed In perfect the 
envelope system of raising money in the congregation for 
L-urreul expenses and something toward the 'support of a 
pastor. the treasurers report showed thai $434 92 had 
been received rom all sources and that $431.87 had 
been disbursed during the year 1905, leaving a balance on 

ni (A J- S " mt / Cpa,rs WL ' re ordered and the dea- 
con brethren instructed lo see to having them made. Two 
members were granted letters of membership and letters 

Pro £ a 7 re .T VCd # ter thc business w * s concluded", 
Br . Snader led an applicant down into the water and 

s?.Ev hf- B r Snad r fil,ed ft « w>intmX5 ££ 

.Mflledgeville. III., who will preach for us both morning 

and evening Jan. 14. Bro. and Sister Smith were with 
us at prayer meeting on Thursday evening. The condi- 
tion of Bro. Garber's family is slowly improving. — M. C. 
Flohr, 338 8th St., S. E., Washington, D. C, Jan. 13. 


Nampa church met in council Jan. 6, with Bro. J. H. 
Grabil! presiding. Church officers were elected for the 
year. Sunday school was also reorganized with Sister 
Fasnight superintendent, Bro. Riddlesberger assistant. 
Dec. 31 we reorganized Christian Workers' meeting; Bro. 
Ernest Pike president, Bro. Arthur Beckner assistant. 
Four letters of membership were received and two grant- 
ed since the last report. — Edith Troyer, Nampa, Idaho, 
Jan. 10. 

Hudson. — We have now been pleasantly located in the 
Hudson church for one year. The church is a kind, lov- 
ing band of members. They know how to show their 
appreciation of their minister and his wife in a sub- 
stantial way, bringing many things during Christmas time 
that go toward making life pleasant and happy. Our Aid 
Society is doing good work aiding the poor and needy. 
We have ar. evergreen Sunday school ably managed by 
Bro. Urias B lough. We use the Brethren literature. 
The Messenger goes to every family. Long may it live. 
—Nannie E. Neher, Hudson, 111., Jan. 10. 

Hudson church met on Thanksgiving day for public 
worship. Bro. J. H. Neher preached a missionary ser- 
mon, after which a collection was taken amounting to 
$18.60, to which was added $8.75 of the Sunday-school 
missionary collections, making a total of $26.35, which 
was sent to the Arkansas mission, where Bro. Neher la- 
bored before coming to Hudson. Bro. Neher then went 
away for a few weeks to hold meetings, and on Dec. 3 
Bro. Charles Gibson visited us and gave the Sunday 
school a short talk, and also preached for us. Dec. 10 
and 17 Bro. W. D. Neher, of Chenoa, filled the regular 
preaching appointments. Dec. 31 we had children's meet- 
ing, conducted by Sister Neher. First there was a short 
program, by the children, after which Sister Neher talked 
to them. We have no Sunday evening services at pres- 
ent, on account of the weather and roads. The church 
met in council Jan. 6, our elder, J. H. Neher, pre- 
siding. We elected our Sunday-school officers for the 
year; Bro. Urias Blough superintendent, with Bro. F. H. 
Lyon assistant. The reports of the different solicitors 
and treasurers were read. — Ida I.. Thompson, Hudson, 
III., Jan. 8. 

Waddams Grove. — The Brethren are holding a series of 
meetings in the village of Waddams Grove. — Albert 
Myers, Waddams Grove, 111., Jan. U. 


Anderson. — The meetings at this place, conducted by 
Eld. L, W. Teeter, were well attended and his able ser- 
mons appreciated by outsiders as well as our members. 
Our Sunday school was reorganized for the new year, 
with Bro. Daniel W. Bowman superintendent. The in- 
terest and attendance are good. — J. S. Alldredge, Ander- 
son, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Bachelor Run church has a membership of 361, with 
six preachers, three of these being elders, with A. 
G. Crosswhite as presiding elder. We have 1 two 
church houses, with regular preaching services two and 
three times each Sunday. The past year we have received 
by letter, reclaimed and baptized fifty-five, and lost by 
letter, death and other reasons, thirty-nine. We have also 
two evergreen Sunday schools, with Brethren Lewis Moss 
and Abe Eikenberry superintendents. The general aver- 
age of attendance of bolh schools during the past year is 
144. We have two Christian Workers' meetings with 
good attendance and two Sisters' Aid Societies, which do 
much good. During the year we have administered to 
our home poor and sick, sent boxes of goods and monev 
to different mission points.— Mattie Welty, Flora, Ind"., 
Jan. 8. 

Clear Creek.— Bro. Wm. Lampin and wife came to us 
Dec. 15 and staid until Jan. 11, preaching thirty-three ser- 
mons. Twenty-three precious souls put on Christ in bap- 
tism, two await baptism in the near future, and one was 
reclaimed. The church was built up. Bro. Lampin and 
wife leave to-day for home.— B. F. Emley, R. R. 2, Roa- 
noke, Ind., Jan. 13. 

Ft. Wayne church convened in council Dec. 29, with 
Eld. Hiram Forney in charge. Reorganization of Sunday 
school for the ensuing six months, with Bro. S. L. Stover 
superintendent and Sister Eby assistant. The writer was 
chosen correspondent. The Christian Workers' society 
was reorganized, with Bro. Bender president and Sister 
Edna Eby secretary. Quarterly council March 30.— J 
Ahner, 2346 Walton Ave., Ft. Wayne, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Mt. Pleasant church met in council Jan. 6, presided over 
by our elder, S. D. Stoner. Five letters were granted: 
reorganized Christian Workers' meeting and also reor- 
ganized our Sunday school for the coming year. Eld W 
R. Harshbarger, of the Ladoga church, assisted in the 
meeting.— Nellie Ronk, Ladoga, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Muncie church met in council Jan. 11, with Eld. Stude- 
baker presiding. It was decided to hold our spring com- 
munion May 6. The writer was appointed church cor- 
respondent.— Mary E. Hooke, 803 Powers St Muncie 
Ind., Jan. 12. 

Roann church met in council Jan. 10, for the purpose of 
reorganizing our Christian Workers' meeting. Officers 
were elecled for a term of three months. Another dear 
sister was baptized since my last report of Dec. 26.— Toe 
John, Roann, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Somerset.— The successive sermons of Bro. W. W. 
Barnhart, at the Cart Creek house, have strengthened us 
very much. Our meeting at this place is in progress ser- 
mons given us by Bro. H. Brallier, of Pierceton, Ind He 
has many almost persuaded. — Elzworth Weimer, R F 
D. No. 9, Box 57, Wabash, Ind., Jan. 11 

Tippecanoe church will begin a protracted meeting Jan. 
12. E!d. John Stafford is expected to do the preaching 
—Daniel Rothenberger, Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Waterloo.— Our Bible school, held in the Waterloo city 
church, conducted by Bro. J. F. Souders, closed Jan 5 
The attendance and interest throughout the meeting were 
good. Quite a number from a distance met with us to 
enjoy the work.— Lizzie A. Witter. 1002 Randolph St., 
Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Junction City.— :Wc live twenty miles from Abilene, iso- 
lated from the church. Any brethren who may be pass- 
ing through this junction will find a welcome to stop with 
us. My wife, seventy-eight, and myself, seventy-two 
years of age, are the only members living here. We try 
to serve the Master, although we do not have very 
much financially, and are old; but we do get hungry 
for preaching and would be so glad to have someone 
stop with us. Pray for us! — D. B. Cripe, Junction City, 
Kans., Jan. 8. 

Kansas City. — The evening of Dec. 24, at the church, 
was given to the children's exercises of the Sunday school. 
Many of the parents who seldom attend at any other 
time were there. After the program a present was given 
each scholar. Gifts for the poor were brought by them 
in the morning, which were distributed to the needy. 
Our Sunday schools were reorganized in council Jan. 7. 
Sister Nininger was chosen superintendent at the church, 
Sister Wine assistant; Sister Powell was reelected su- 
perintendent of the mission Sunday school, with Bro. D. 
G. Sell assistant. — Viola Cline, 8 S. Boeke St., Kansas 
City, Kans.. Jan. 9. 

Olathe.— Bro. Arthur Brubaker, of Kansas City, came 
to us Dec. 17 and held a three weeks' meeting. He de- 
livered twenty-seven sermons. Three were received into 
the church by baptism, one of whom was a dear little 
Sunday-school scholar. The members feel greatly built 
up.— Lilly M. Riffey, R. R. No. 1, Olathe, Kans,, Jan. 8. 

Scott Valley church met in council Jan. 6, our elder 
presiding. All of our church officers were reelected for a 
term of two years. Sunday-school officers were elected 
for the year; Bro. J. S. Sherfy superintendent. We or- 
ganized our Christian Workers for three months, with 
Bro. Peter Haan president and Sister Mary Sherfy sec- 
retary. Bro. C. P. Rowland closed a three weeks' series 
of meetings Dec. 31. Since last report three letters of 
membership have been received, a brother and a sis- 
ter reclaimed, and three letters of membership granted. 
—Frank R. Smith, Waverly, Kans., Jan. 6. 

Vermilion. — Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Brethren, Mich., 
came in our midst Jan. 2. While here he preached three 
sermons and gave us two Bible lessons. Three precious 
souls were received into the church by baptism. We all 
appreciate Bro. Ulcry's short stay, and hope to have him 
return and conduct a Bible term for us next winter. — Eva 
Lena Frantz, Beattie, Kans., Jan. 9. 

Princess Anne.— In the Messenger from time to time we 
see calls for someone to come and preach the Gospel. 
So here I come with "a plea from the eastern shore of 
Maryland. How ready the people here would be to ac- 
cept the Gospel as taught by the Brethren I cannot say. 
for the natives here never heard one of our brethren 
preach. But we do think some effort should be made to 
start a church here and teach the people the ways of true 
religion. We are blessed with good soil and mild cli 
mate, and land is cheap. We moved here from the 
Beaver Run congregation, W. Va. Won't someone come 
and help us? — Peter Biser, Princess Anne, Md., Jan, 6. 


Black River church met in council Jan. 6. We reor- 
ganized Sunday school. Bro. L. A. Fisher was elected 
superintendent, with Bro. I. C. Suavely assistant. — Ellen 
Stoneburner, R. F. D. No. 4, South Haven, Mich., Jan. 8. 

Crystal church met in council. We" reorganized our 
Sunday school for six months; reelected church officers 
for the year. Bro. Leachner and family, from Morrison. 
111., expect to move to Crystal soon, as he has bought a 
farm here. -We wish many more good brethren and sis- 
ters would do likewise.— Tillie Stone, Crystal, Mich., Jan. 


Lewiston. — Bro. J. F. Souders, of Preston, Minn,, will 
hold a ten days' Bible school in the Lewiston church, to 
begin about Feb. 20. An invitation is extended to any 
who would like to be with us at that time— Jacob Wirt, 
Lewiston, Minn., Jan. 8. 

Root River church met in council Dec. 23. We reor 
ganized our Sunday school, with Bro. John W. Ogg su- 
perintendent and Bro. John Broadwater assistant. We 
decided to start a Christian Workers' meeting in the near 
future. Have had two weeks of very interesting Bible 
study, and expect to have more and also a series oi 
meetings.— Ella M. Ogg, Preston, Minn., Jan. 6. 


Cabool church met in council Jan. 6, Eld. F. W. Dove 
presiding. One letter was granted. Our treasurer made 
his annual report and was reelected for another year. 
The undersigned was reelected clerk and correspondent. 
Bro. C. W. Gitt, Sisters Brenizer and DeBoard were elect- 
ed missionary solicitors for the year. A collection was 
taken which amounted to $6.75.— Henrv H. Garst, Ca- 
bool, Mo., Jan. 9. 

Prairie View church met in council Jan. 6. Our elder, 
David Bowman, presided. We decided to have Sunday- 
school meeting -the fifth Sunday in May, providing our 
district Sunday-school secretary could be with us. The 
writer was chosen correspondent for the year. — Sophia K. 
Cline. R. 1. Versailles, Mo., Jan. 8. 

Walnut Creek church met in council Jan. 6. We de- 
cided to discontinue our Sunday school until the first of 
April. We hope to get one or two maps for Sunday- 
school use. — Cora L. Wampler, Knobnoster, Mo., Jan. 12. 

South St. Joseph church met in council Jan. 6, with our 
elder, D. A. Miller, in charge. We had our yearly elec- 
tion of officers. One letter was received. The mission 
board was discontinued and a missionary committee ap- 
pointed, with Bro. D. A. Miller foreman, Sister Jessie 
Stair secretary and Sister Anna Miller treasurer, and all 
matters concerning missionary work of the city will fall 
into their hands. L. Beanblossom, J. W. Woodle and 
Wm. Baldwin were appointed as trustees for the church. 
The Sunday school was reorganized, with Anna Miller 
superintendent, L. Beanblossom assistant. Our Christian 
Workers reorganized Sunday evening with the usual of- 
ficers and committees. The Sunday school at the church 
is increasing in numbers, and the average attendance at 
the mission Sunday school is forty-five. The missionary 
sisters have charge of the work. Bro. Miller preached at 
the church Friday evening and Sunday morning. He will 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 


be with us again next Sunday, as our pastor, Ero. Garber, 
has gone to Kansas City to hold a protracted meeting. 
Our missionary sisters are now located in the mission 
home and may be .addressed at 5208 Lake Ave., Station D. 
—Anna S. L. Miller, St. Joseph, Mo., Jan. 8. 


Kearney church met in council Jan. 6. One letter has 
been received since our last report. Dec. 31 we had a 
short Christmas program, and then treated the Sunday 
school with fruit and candy. — Martha E. May, R. R. 1, 
Kearney, Nebr., Jan, 10. 

Afton church met in council Jan. 6. Our elder, ,Bro. 
George Mishler, presided. One letter of membership was 
granted. We organized a Christian Workers' meeting, 
with Sister Maud Dick president and Sister Lucy Perry 
secretary.— Anna M. Snell. Cambridge, Nebr., Jan. 8. 


Deslacs Valley church met in council Jan. 6, our elder, 
J. C. Forney, presiding. Four letters were received and 
one was granted. Church officers were elected for the 
year! A Christian Workers' meeting was organized to 
take the place of our Bible meeting, Bro. Ira Michael 
president. A ladies' aid society was organized, with Sis- 
ter Dora Michael president, and Sister Erne Forney sec- 
retary. We have an evergreen Sunday school, with Bro. 
Louis Hyde superintendent and Bro. Ira Michael assist- 
ant. — Jennie Harris, Kenmare, N. Dak., Jan. 11. 

Snider Lake church met in council Dec. 23. We reor- 
ganized Sunday school by electing Bro. Wm. Lines su- 
perintendent and Bro. M. L. Huffman assistant. Several 
letters were received, among them those of two ministers 
and their wives, and a few were granted. We feel en- 
couraged to know that our church is increasing in num- 
ber. Jan. 7 we closed a two weeks' meeting, conducted by 
Bro. Brooks, of Newville, and our home ministers. Jan. 
12 we meet to organize our Christian Workers' meeting. 
— W. A. Deardorff, Rosedale, N. Dak., Jan, 9. 

Ashland.— We met to-dav in council, Eld. W. F. Eng- 
land presiding. Brethren Albert Moherman and Martin 
Helm were elected Sunday-school superintendents. We 
decided to have a series of meetings in the spring or early 
fall. The writer was elected church correspondent. One 
sister was restored to fellowship. Two. a deacon and 
wife, were received by letter. Bro. E. S. Young conducted 
a Bible class during the holidays, which we decided to 
continue. Two of our Sunday-school scholars were re- 
ceived into the church at that time.— Jennie Helm, R. F. 
D. No. 2, Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 12. 

Covington.— We are now in the midst of an interesting 
series of meetings with an attentive and appreciative audi- 
ence Bro. J. C. Murray, of North Manchester, Ind., is 
with us. Bro. Henry Showalter, of West Milton, Ohio, 
also meets with us each evening, ably assisting in our 
song service. — Oma Karn, Covington, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Greenville. — We are in the midst of an interesting meet- 
ing. Bro. D. M. Garver has been laboring with us for 
nearly two weeks. Two have made the good choice. 
Our meetings will continue another week or ten days. 
The Sunday-school institute was a great influence for 
good to us here.— Catharine Hollinger, Greenville, Ohio, 
Jan. 13. 

Lick Creek church met in council Jan. 6, Bro. William 
St, John presiding. The officers were elected for this 
year; the writer- Messenger correspondent. The Sunday- 
school teachers' normal institute of Northwestern Ohio 
had good attendance. Our series of meetings was begun 
last night by our home ministers. Tuesday evening 
Bro. I. L. Berkey, of Goshen, Ind., expects to be with 
us. Bro. Witmore, of Longley, Ohio, was with us Sun- 
day afternoon, Dec. 31, and preached for us. In 1905 one 
letter was granted and four were received; three deaths. 
Two deacons were elected. Three were received in the 
church by baptism.— Ida E. Kintner, Bryan, Ohio, Jan. 8. 
Middle District.— Bro. D. C. Hendrickson preached for 
us Jan. 7 at 10:30 A. M., in the evening at 7 P. M. 
Bro. D. P. Sollenberger. We reorganized our Sunday 
school Jan. 7, with good attendance.— Jos. H. Stark, R. R. 
No. 1, Box 79, Tadmor, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

Newton.— Bro. S. A. Blessing, of West Milton, Ohio 
held our regular meetings the morning and evenin. 
Jan. 7.— Mary I. Senseman, Pleasant Hill. Ohio, J— 
Billings. — I am home from a week's visit with the Guth- 
rie Okla . congregation. Our meetings were a pleasure 
to 'us The Brethren have a large house of worship and 
plenty of help in the ministry. There is need for a 
worker in a city that gives promise to support a Breth- 
ren's church Passing that way, ministers call and preach 
for them.— W. G. Cook, Billings, Okla., Jan. 9. 

Frederick.— Bro. S. A. Honberger came to us Dec. 31, 
but on account of bad weather and other hindrances, 
meeting did not commence until Jan. 6. We expect to 
continue for two or three weeks and close with a love 
feast— Edna Cooper, R. F. D. 1, Box 15, Frederick, Okla., 
Jan. 11. 

Mound Valley church met in council Jan. 6, Bro. W. 
B. Gish presiding. Since our last quarterly council two 
letters have been received and six granted. Among those 
granted were our two resident elders, N. S. Gripe and 
wife who go io Idaho, and J. Appleman and wife, who go 
to Frederick, Okla. The latter is still retained as our 
overseer Sunday school was reorganized with Bro. L. 
M. Dodd superintendent and Bro. A. J. Rodes assistant. 
Decided to discontinue our Sunday evening preaching 
services at church and have religious social meetings in 
our homes during the winter. Bro. W. B. Gish resigned 
as church correspondent and the writer was appointed. 
Decided to hold a series of meetings in the near future.- 
A. J. Rodes, R. F. D. No. 2, Thomas, Okla., Jan. 8. 

Monitor church met for Christmas services. Our 
er I H Millet, gave us an excellent sermon, aft' _ 
a 'collection of $4.75 was taken up for home missions.— 
Sue Gordon; R. R. No. 1, Nashville, Okla., Jan. 7. 

Washita church held their council at the Calvary Creek 
schoolhouse Jan. 6. Three letters were granted^ Church 
officers were elected for one year. Bro. A L Boyd was 
chosen as our eider again. Sunday-school officers were 
elected for six months. Bro. D. L. Brubaker was elected 

superintendent. The Sunday-school children brought in 
what thev made with the dimes they received last spring, 
which amounted to $36.12, with a few donations. Most 
of them want it to go towards building a chnrchhouse 
here.— Mrs. Emma Wiltfong, Box 20, Cordell, Okla., 
Jan. 10. 

Coquille church met in council, meeting being presided 
over by J. S. Root. Our spring love feast is to be April 
7, and on the following day an all-day Sunday-school 
meeting. J. N. Roberts, J. S. Secrist and Wm. Barnette 
were chosen to arrange the program for Sunday-school 
meeting. We also reelected the officers for the Bible so- 
ciety for the next three months; J. N Roberts president, 
J. F. Stevens vice-president. We took a collection of sev- 
en dollars and twenty cents, and raised some for the 
Weston church, besides paying in to some other missions. 
The writer was chosen Messenger correspondent for an- 
other year. Bro. Secrist held a Bible school two weeks. 
which was very instructive. Not as many availed them- 
selves of the opportunity as should. — Anne Barklow, 
Myrtlepoint, Ore., Jan. 8. 

Newberg church met in council Dec. 30, our elder, D. A. 
Norcross, presiding. One letter was received. Bro. M. 
M. Bashor was restored to the eldership. Bro. Omer 
Moore was elected deacon. Sister E. Moore was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. J. Barnhart 
reelected assistant. Ministers present from other points 
were Elders Urias Shick, M. M. Bashor, S. E. Decker, 
G. C. Carl and Bro. P. S. Vandyke and wife. We heard 
two good sermons from Bro. Shick Saturday evening and 
Sunday morning. The church is now in the midst of a 
series of meetings conducted by Eld. L. E. Keltncr, of 
Payette, Idaho.— Ella Moomaw, Newberg, Ore., Jan. 6. 

Rogue River church met in council Jan. 6. Two 
were received by letter. We elected church officers for 
one year; Bro. Z. Webster Messenger agent, the writer 
church correspondent, Sister Susan Rhoads, Bro. A. 
Bash and Bro. J. Lasey solicitors. Jan. 7 wc reorganized 
our Sunday school for six months by electing Bro, John 
Lasey superintendent, Bro. Z. Webster assistant. — Nancy 
Bahr, Talent, Oregon, Jan. 8. 

Pleasant Hill.— Dec. 15 Ero. J. D. Clark, of Jonesboro, 
Tenn., began a series of meetings, continuing until Dec. 
22, at which time he was joined by Bro. A. M. Laughrun, 
of Erwin, Tenn. They preached twice each day until 
Jan. 2. Thirteen precious souls were made willing to ac- 







Dry Valley church met in council Dec. 30. Sim 
death of Bro. William Howe, Bro. S. J. Swigart acted as 
our presiding elder. Since we have two others elders in 
our congregation, Bro. Swigart wished to withdraw, he 
having never been elected. The church then elected one 
out of the three. The lot fell on Bro. S. J. Swigart. We 
had a pleasant council.— Minnie E. Howe, Maitland, Pa., 
Jan. 8. 

Dunnings Creek church dedicated their new house of 
worship in New Paris Dec. 31. Bro. William Swigart 
preached the dedicatory sermon. The collection taken 
amounted to nearly $400. There is yet some indebted- 
ness on the house, which we hope may be paid in the 
■ near future. Bro. C. B. Smith, of Illinois, is holding a 
very interesting series of meetings now in the new house. 
— Levi Rogers, Ryot, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Fairview.— We held our love feast Dec 22, and Bro. 
Levi F. Holsinger, of New Enterprise, Pa., commenced 
a series of meetings; the meetings continued till Jan. 2, 
Eight precious souls came out on the Lord's side and 
were baptized, and one brother returned to the fold — 
J. B. Snowberger, Shellytown, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Manor.— We enjoyed three sermons by Bro. Ira C. Hol- 
sopple, of Pottstown, Pa. He came to Penn Run to 
spend the holidays with his parents, Eld. Joseph Holsop- 
ple's and preached for us Dec. 24 and on the evenings of 
Dec. 26 and 27.— W. N. Myers, Penn Run, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Philadelphia (First Brethren church).— Dec. 31 we held 
our regular evening services one hour later (8:45), our 
pastor's address being appropriate for the last day of 
the year After the services four precious souls were 
buried with Christ, one of them being a dear old brother 
seventy-six years old. After a short intermission we 
held a very helpful and spiritual prayer meeting, until the 
new year was ushered in; then wishing each a happy 
new year we went home feeling encouraged.— Sallie B. 
Schnelli 1544 N. Marvine St., Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 11. 
Reading.— On the evening of Jan. 6 we held our council 
meeting at the Reading chnrchhouse, Bro. Edward Weng- 
er, elder in charge, presiding. Bro. Emerson Wickel was 
appointed to fill the unexpired term of superintendent ot 
Sunday school, Bro. P. A. Smith, the former superintend- 
ent having removed with his family to the Mingo church 
district The undersigned was appointed as church cor- 
respondent for the ensuing year. On Sunday morning 
Elder Wenger preached an inspiring and soul-stirring 
sermon in the German language and in the evening, in 
the English— such sermons as make both saint and sin- 
ner tremhle for the nearness of the Lord.— Henry H. 
Moyer, 834 N. 6th St., Reading, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Snake Spring Valley district met in Koons church, near 
Loysburg, Jan. 6 in council. The evergreen Sunday 
school at the Koons church was reorganized Dec 31, with 
Bro. H. S. Guyer superintendent.— Jacob Guyer, New En- 
terprise, Pa., Jan. 11. 

West Johnstown.— Last night eleven brethren and sis- 
ters met with an aged sister to hold a love feast for licr 
Nearly a year ago she was cairied from her room and 
baptized. She has been made helpless by paralysis It 
was the first love feast she ever saw. Another Sunday- 
school girl has been baptized since our last report. 
Christian Workers' meeting is growing in interest 
the Morrellvillc house. Brethren passing through 
citv will be gladly welcomed at Roxbnry or Morrcllvill 
— H. S. Replogle. 1316 Va. Ave., Johnstown, Pa., Jan 

West Conestoga.— Jan. I we held our council at the 
Middle Creek house. An election was held for a minister, 
il e lot falling to Bro. J. W. G. Hershey, of Liti.z. Bro. 
Hershey ^immediately installed but as Sister Hershey 
was not present she will be installed in the near future. 
Bro E. B. Brubaker was advanced to the second degree 
in the ministry. Elders Hiram Gibble, I. W Taylor and 
H E Light assisted in the election and installation serv- 
ices Our Sunday school and midweek house-to-house 
prayer meetings are progressing nicely. Feb. 3 * series 
of meetings will begin in the Lexington house, with Bro 
J K Miller to do the preaching. Our next council 

will be held March 26.-Linn H. Nies,, Pa., Jan. 10. 

ept Christ. Four were baptized and 
ceived later.— Samuel H. Garst, R. R. No. 3, 
Tenn.. Jan. 8. 

Cooks Creek.— Bro. George W. Flory labored earnestly 
for us at the Bridgewater church for three weeks, closing 
New Year's day, at which time eight dear souls were bap- 
tized. The church was much built up. We will have an 
evergreen Sunday school at Garbers this year. — S. I. Bow- 
man. Harrisonburg, Va., Jan. 12. 

Germantown congregation met in council Jan. 6. Bro. 
Henry Ikenberry presided. Twelve letters of member- 
ship were granted. Bro. R. L. Peters, having served on 
the mission board for several years, resigned, and Bro. G. 
A. Barnhart was appointed 10 fill the vacancy. Bro. J. 
A. Fisher was reelected Sunday-school superintendent for 
this year, and Bro, J. Bunyan Peters assistant. The 
writer was appointed church correspondent. Bro. J. W. 
Barnhart conducted a scries of meetings at our church, 
beginning Dec. 25 and ending Dec. 31. The interest and 
attendance were good. — Zaida M. Barnhart. Wirtz, Va., 
Jan. 9. 

Greenmount church convened in annual council Dec. 30, 
Eld. I. C. Myer presiding. Three letters of membership 
were granted. Church, Christian Workers' and Sunday- 
school officers were elected for the coming year. Decided 
to hold three series of meetings in our congregation dur- 
ing the year. We expect to have a love feast at the 
Mount Zion house in May. Our Thanksgiving offering of 
$16.15 was sent to the Newport News mission. Dec. 31 
superintendents J. W. Myers and P. I. Garber reorganized 
Sunday school for the year.— L. Katie Ritchie, Green- 
mount, Va., Jan. 10. 

Mine Run church met in council Jan. 1. Our elder, M. 
G. Early, presided. Our Sunday school is to be ever- 
green Bro. G. M. Quann was elected superintendent. 
Bro. D. P. Quann assistant. Bro. J. A. Glick was among 
us and beginning on the evening of Dec. 30 preached for 
us until Jan. 2. The work here is much encouraged — 
G. W.. Chambers, Locust Grove, Va., Jan. 7. 

Mr. Vernon church met in council Jan. 5, Eld. J. R. 
Kindig presiding. Sister Barbara Gish, wife of the late 
Bro. J. R. Gish, of Illinois, was with us. The new mem- 
bers of the home mission board, who bad been previously 
elected, were instructed to organize. Several committees 
were continued; Bro. G. B. Flory to secure a brother to 
hold a series of meetings sometime during ibis year, 
Brethren John and Jacob Forrer to secure new benches 
for our church. The writer was appointed correspondent 
for the Messenger.— Lula J. Loving, R. F. D. 1, Wshcrs- 
ville, Va„ Jan. 8. 

Topeco church met in council Jan. 6. One letter was 
granted. Officers were elected for the following year. 
We decided to have prayer meeting beginning Jan. 14: 
also to have our council every other month instead of 
every month. There was preaching Sunday by Brethren 
Solomon Hyllon and A. J. Wcddlc— Sarah L. Pratt, Top- 
eco, Va., Jan. 8. 

Valley Bethel.— We had services Christmas day con- 
ducted by Bro. A. A. Miller. Our Sunday school shll con- 
tinues. The attendance during the winter has been very 
good.— Vena S. Bussard, Bolar, Va., Jan. 8. 
North Yakima church met in council Jan. 6 Our elder, 
Bro George E Wise, presided. Wc elected officers for 
the new year Sislcr Bates was elected superintendent of 
our Sunday school, with Sister Mary Dedrick assistant. 
Bro P II Hertzog was chosen church clerk and treas- 
urer; Sister Laura Weller president of our young people s 
meeting We are glad to sav we can enter on the new 
year out of debt. Wc feel thankful to the business men 
of our town who so kindly assisted. On the fo lowing 
dav we listened to an interesting sermon preached by 
Bro P H. Hertzog Dora B. Day, Box 581, North Yak- 
ima, Wash., Jan. 8 

Spokane church met Jan. 1 in regular session at 10 A. M. 
at the home of Bro, G. I). Aschenbrenncr, the temporary 
meeting place for the little band in Spokane. 1 he bun- 
day school was reorganized. We are a band ol 
eighteen or twenty members. We have no regular house 
of worship or minister, but have been meeting at the 
house of Bro. Aschenbrenncr for Sunday school and 
preaching every two weeks, when one of the brethren 
from Tekoa comes up and preaches for us. We hope in 
the near future to be able to rent a small church from 
some other denomination or some suitable room. We 
would like very much to interest some good, energetic 
minister, who would like to change location and come to 
a good, mild, healthy climate. Any one wishing inlorraa- 
tion may address Bro. G. D. Aschenbrenncr, S. 100 G 
St Spokane, Wash., or the writer. We expect to have 
our elder, Bro. Click, of Tekoa. with us either one week 
before or after the third Sunday tins month, and are_also 



oeioie oi aiici .iic i,.,.„ ~ j ----- . 

planning to have a love feast m the near future.— K. 
Baldwin, E. 52 Gordon Ave., Spokane, Wash., Jan. 7. 

Sunnyside.— Jan. 1 we met in council, Bro. D. B Eby 

presiding. Three letters were granted. Sister Maude 

Eby was chosen superintendent of the Sunday school. 

nd three days later the Christian Workers reorganized 

Ives with Bro. Milton Oswalt president. The 

young people are gradually taking hold of their work.— 

E. Stanley Gregory, Sunnyside, Wash., Jan. 6. 


Shiloh.— The series of meetings commenced by Bro. D. 
J Miller. Dec. 9, closed Dec. 17. He preached eleven 
sermons. During his stay here we held our council, Bro. 
Miller as moderator. Eld. Miller went from this place 
to the Colebank church and held meetings till Dec. 25. 
The membership is built up. He now holds a, 
meetings on Bullrun.— Arizona Auvil, Valley Furnace, 
Va.. Jan. 7. 

Smiths Chapel.-Bro. Price Hylton came to our place 
Dec 23 and preached four sermons. Our Sunday school 
,s doing very well; will continue through the win er. 
May God hasten the time when we may have a preacher 
here -Cynthia J. Kahle. Littlesburg, W. Va., Jan. 8. 


, W. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 20, 1906. 


We have reached another milepost in the history of the 
Grand Valley church. We have been richly blessed of 
the Lord in the past year. One of our number has been 
called away by death, but the rest have enjoyed reason- 
ably good health, blessed with rich harvest of temporal 
things. Twelve were received into the church by baptism 
during the year and one was reclaimed. We enjoyed hav- 
ing the district meeting in our congregation, which was 
well attended, and we trust was the means of doing some 
good. Eld. E. George, of Quinter, Kans., remained with 
us two weeks after the district meeting. He gave us a 
series of good sermons which we enjoyed very much. 
Eld. D. M. Mohlcr, of Warrensburg, Mo., spent a few 
weeks with us during the summer and fall, and his coun- 
sel and sermons were very much appreciated. 

Our new churchhouse at Fruita was dedicated in the 
early spring, and a strong, active congregation is being 
built up at that point. The members near Palisades have 
been organized into a separate congregation, known as 
the Palisade church. This being the first offspring of the 
Grand Valley church, we feel to bid them Godspeed, 
and pray that the Holy Spirit may guide this little band 
of God's children to his praise and to the good of many 
precious souls. 

Many have been received into our church by letter dur- 
ing the year, and we are thereby numerically strength- 
ened. And, oh, what a power for good could we all be 
if we would just unite our powers for Christ and the 
church. May that be our earnest desire and prayer. 

D. M. Click. 
Grand Valley, Colo., Jan. 2. 


This church held her quarterly council in the Fairview 
house Jan. 4, with Eld. Jasper Earnthouse presiding. 
There was a good representation of interested members 
present, although the * day was very inclement. This 
showed a zeal worthy of the cause. Considerable busi- 
ness came before the meeting, and it took considerable 
time to get through with all of it, but the members mani- 
fested a willingness to remain until the close of the meet- 
ing. This church has had its dark days, but a brighter 
day has dawned, and the future outlook for the church is 
one of encouragement. 

The church enters the new year with a better financial 
basis than she has done for some time. Of course we 
are not much more than out of debt, but the present out- 
look for the church for 1906, financially, is much better 
than in the past (the financial part of this report in- 
cludes Uniontown). 

The spiritual status of the church is all that we could 
ask for. During the meetings held last June by A. W. 
Arnold, of Kirby, W. Va., eleven were added by bap- 
tism; also one was received by baptism in October, mak- 
ing twelve received in 1905. Two were granted letters 
and five went to their reward. This gives us a gain of 
five. This does not include Uniontown. They also have 
had a number of accessions. 

Our Sunday school has prospered during the past year 
under the efficient care of Brethren J. P. Merriman and F. 
F- Durr, and their efficient helpers. We believe the 
school has been a success, as it has been a means of do- 
ing much good. Our school will be superintended the 
coming year by Brethren William Townsend and Joseph 
G. Cover. We believe that under their fostering care 
the school will again be a success. 

During the present year our Christian Workers' meet- 
ing will be conducted by J. G. Cover and F. F. Durr, with 
Charity A. DeBolt as secretary,— same ones that had 
charge in the past. 

The church at the present time, including Uniontown, 
has a membership of about one hundred and fifty. When 
what is now known as the Mount Union congregation 
near Morgantown, W. Va., was still a part of the Georges 
Creek church, the field was too large to be worked suc- 
cessfully, and that congregation became a separate con- 
gregation, but still belongs to the Western District of 

We believe the Lord will help those who help them- 
selves; therefore we thank God and take courage, and let 
the Lord be our leader and we will follow. 

Alpheus DeBolt. 

BrmW^H kl c! y T A r f e A h °™ of the bride's parents, 
24 9& h ft, 1 ' 1 " ?■ L - Ac , kIe T y ' near Portis > Kans., Dec 
Miss Or'* I ft u " de ™8, ned . B"x George P. Breon and 
Miss Ura Ackley, both of near Portis, Kans. 

I. S. Lerew. 

^ B fo n ^ ett M CriP c e -^ A l- thc homc of th = undersigned Dee 
H 5 ;,K. 9 . , S p M, ^L S „ a< !: e £&!»«. ol Wagar, N. Dak., and Mr." 

Bemiller-Lawyer. — Bro. Jacob Cleveland Bemiller, of 
the Meadow Branch congregation, only son of Brother 
^nd Sister John Bemiller, and Miss Mary Ellen Lawyer, 
of Union Bridge, were married at the home of and by the 
undersigned, Jan. 2, 1906, all of Carroll county, Maryland. 

W. E. Roop. 
C ripe—Driver. — At the residence of the undersigned, near 
Lima, Ohio, Bro. Jonas P. Cripe, of near Laplace, III., 
and Sister Sarah A. Driver, of Lima, Ohio. 

S. I. Driver. 
Fasnacht-Frantz. — At the bride's home, in Conway 
Springs, Kans., Dec. 27, 1905, J. Clyde Fasnacht and Lo- 
rena May Frantz, both of Conway Springs, Kans. 

F. H. Crumpacker. 
Landes-Spare. — At the home of the bride's parents, in 
Morrill, Kans., Jan. I, 1906, by the undersigned, Bro. Wil- 
liam H. Landes and Sister Mary E. Spare, both of Brown 
county, .Kansas. T. A. Eisenbise. 

Probasco-Brown.— By the undersigned, at his home, 
Dec. 20, 1905, Guy E. Probasco, of Detroit, Kans., and 
Grace L Brown, of Abilene, Kans. J. F. Hantz. 

Strole-Nelson.— By the undersigned, at his home, Dec. 
13, 1905, Bro. David S. Strole and Sister Maggie Nelson, 
both of Navarre, Kans. J. F. Hantz. 

V ore-Miller.— Dec. 27, 1905, in the Sugar Creek church, 
Allen Co., Ohio, at the home of the bride's parents, by 
the undersigned, Bro. Claude G. Vore and Sister Gertrude 
M. Miller, both of Allen county. David Byerly. 

West-Rogers. — At the home of the bride's parents, Mr, 
and Mrs. L. K. Rogers, near Mt. Etna, Iowa, Dec. 27, 
1905, Bro. Clarence L. West, of Prescott, Iowa, and Sis- 
ter Elsie Rogers, of Mt. Etna, Iowa. D. F. Sink. 


s the dead which die 

Death Notices of Children Under Five Years Not Published. 

Hubert R. Bennett, of Towner, N. Dak.' 

Luther Shatto. 

Andes, Sister Catharine, died at her home near Roman, 
Va., Nov. 12, 1905, aged 79 years, 10 months and 20 days. 
Fifty-eight years ago she became the wife of Wm. G. 
Andes, who preceded her to the grave nearly thirteen 
years ago. _ She was the mother of ten children, six of 
whom survive her. For about fifty-eight years she was a 
consistent member of the Brethren church. For a num- 
ber of years she was an attentive reader of the Messenger. 
The funeral services were conducted at Lebanon church 
by Bro. H. C. Early, assisted by Bro. Peter Garber, from 
Ezek. 19:10. D. L Andes. 

Barnhart, Eld. Daniel, born in Franklin county, Virginia, 
died at the home of his daughter, in Douglas county. 
Kansas, Jan. I, 1906, aged 86 years, 10 months and 8 days. 
He was married to Anna Wenger, Feb. 8, 1S40. To 'them 
were born eight sons and two daughters. In 1852 they 
moved to Wabash county, Indiana, where they lived until 
1S66, when they came to Kansas. He was elected to the 
office of deacon in 1846 and to the ministry in ,1848, and 
advanced to the eldership in 1855. In his latter life he 
was identified with the Old Order Brethren. His wife 
and two children preceded him. Funeral services con- 
ducted in the Eight Mile church by S. W. Yost, J. Rine- 
,hart (Old Order). Burial at the Pleasant Hill cemetery. 

Chas. M. Ward. 
Beachler, Sister Barbara Frantz, died in the Surrey con- 
gregation, N. Dak., Jan. 1, 1906, aged 67 years, 6 months 
and 8 days. She leaves three sons and one adopted 
daughter, and three brothers. Her husband preceded her 
nearly two years ago. Funeral services by the brethren 
from Luke 23:28. She was paralyzed six years ago and 
was quite helpless for a long time. Manerva Lambert. 

Bock, Philip A., born in Germany, died Dec. 17, 1905, 
aged 75 years, 8 months and 14 days. He came to this 
country in 1849. He was married to' Saloma Priser, Jan. 
2, 1862. To this union were born two daughters and one 
son. His wife and one daughter preceded him to the 
.spirit world. He died at the home of his daughter, near 
Packerton, Ind. He leaves one son to mourn his de- 
parture. Funeral services by Eld. Samuel Leckrone, as- 
sisted by Daniel Wysong, from Rev. 5:20. Interment in 
Eel River cemetery. Tuda Haines. 

Brooks, Willie, son of Charley and Jula Brooks, died 
near Painter Creek, Ohio, Dec. 21, 1905, aged 13 years, 3 
months and 15 days. Funeral services at the Sugar Grove 
church, near Covington, Ohio, by Brethren Lawrence 
Kreider and D. B. Miller. Anna Stutsman. 

Brower, Bro. Enoch, died at his home in the Barren 
I-tidge congregation, Augusta Co., Va., Dec. 31, 1905, aged 
78 years, 1 month and 23 days. Bro. Brower united with 
the church early in life and served the church faithfully 
as a deacon for over fifty years. He leaves three sons 
and two daughters. Funeral services were conducted al 
the Mennonite church near his home, by N. W. Coffman, 
assisted by C. M. Driver, from Rev. 14: 13. Interment 
in the Brower cemetery. Wm. H. Coffman. 

Christie, Sister Christena, departed this life, near Lig- 
onier, Noble Co., Ind., in the bounds of the Springfield 
congregation, aged 83 years. She was one of a number 
baptized by the writer while serving the mission board of 
Northern Indiana, at a point in Noble county, Aug. 28, 
1887. Faithful until death, she was anointed just one week 
before she passed away. Services and interment at the 
Salem cemetery, conducted by the writer, assisted by Bro 
Joseph Weaver. j. H . Warstler. 

Clapper, Sister Elizabeth, widow of Bro. John Clapper, 
died in the bounds of the Canton church, Ohio, Dec 16 
1905, aged 81 years and 11 days. She leaves three daugh- 
ters and six sons. Sister Clapper united with the Breth- 
S?l c h "£ ch m } b72 - and continued faithful. Services by 
Lid. S. Sprankel, assisted by the writer. J. Weirich. 

Clingenpeel, Sister Mary, nee Moss, died Nov 28 1905 
of pneumonia, at the home of her daughter, Mary Eiken- 
berry, near Laplace, 111., aged 85 years, 8 months and 10 
days. Her remains were taken to Mexico, Ind., her old 
home, and laid to rest beside her husband. She was a 
faithful member of the Brethren church about sixty-five 
years Nov 26 she was anointed. She leaves three 
daughters. A husband, one son and three daughters pre- 
ceded her to the spirit world. Services in the church at 
f™ C °^ b I^ d Frank F,sher ' listed by Bro. Appleman, 

B. Clingenpeel. 

from Mark 14: g 

Conway, Marquis D., son of William and Eliza Conway, 
died of con-umption at his home near Hagerstown, Ind 
Dec. 30, 1905, aged 60 years. 2 months and 7 days. He 
leaves a companion and three sisters. Funeral services at 
(he Christian church, Hagerstown, conducted by Abraham 
Bowman, assisted by the writer. Scriptural text Eccl 
9:10. D. E. Bowman. 

Cupp, friend George, died in Harrisonburg, Va., Dec. 5, 
1905, aged 33 years, 6 months and 13 days. He was born 
and raised near Sangerville, Augusta Co., Va., and was a 
son of Brother John and Sister Lydia Cupp (deceased). 
He leaves a wife, two sisters and five brothers. Funeral 
and interment at Emanuel church Dec. 7, conducted by 
Eld. H. G. Miller. Text, Prov. 27: 1. Annie R. Miller. 

Ditmer, John M., died in Pitsburg, Ohio, Dec. 10, 1905. 
aged 71 years, 4 months and 6 days. He and a son were 
living alone. He dropped dead while preparing his din- 
ner. He leaves ten children. Funeral services conducted 
by Eld. Jesse Stutsman at Pitsburg Brethren church. 

Anna Stutsman. 
Funk, John, died Jan. 2, 1906, near Maurertown, Va.. in 
the Woodstock congregation, of pneumonia fever, aged 70 
years and 11 days. He was married to Sister Sarah 
Shaver, daughter of Eld. Geo. Shaver. To this union were 
born two daughters. One preceded him to the spirit 
world. He was an upright man, but the one thing most 
needful he neglected. His remains were laid to rest in 
Valley Pike cemetery. Funeral services were conducted 
by Eld. Carson Miller, assisted by J. M. Ryman from 
Psa. 90:12. m. H. Copp. 

Gebhart, Sister Barbara, nee Staver, died in the bounds 
of the Lower Miami church, Ohio, Dec. 28, 1905, aged 75 
years, 1 month and 13 days. Her illness was of but a few 
days. She was married to Daniel Billman, Oct. 5, 1851. 
Of this union three children were born, two of whom 
died in infancy. April 20, 1863, her husband died, leav- 
ing her a widow with one child, a daughter. Nov. 28, 
1S76, she was married to Austin Gebhart, who with her 
daughter still survives her. Funeral services at the house, 
from 2 Cor. 5: 1, by Eld. David Stutsman, assisted by the 
writer. Interment in the Lower Miami cemetery. 

J. O. Garst. 
Gibble, Bro. Curtis, died at his home near Mechanics- 
burg, Pa., of catarrh of the stomach, Dec. 25, 1905, aged 
69 years and 10 months. He suffered some for several 
years, but some months ago became worse and so con- 
tinued until death. He was anointed by Eld. Isaac Barto. 
He leaves a wife, one son and two daughters, all members 
Of the church; one brother and two sisters. He was a 
faithful deacon in the church, always ready for duty as 
long as health would permit. The funeral was held from 
(lie home of his son, on his mansion farm, and he was 
laid in the family burying ground by the side of his 
former wife, who died seventeen years. The services 
were conducted by Eld. Isaac Barto, Bro. VVm Murphy 
and the writer, from Rev. 14: 12, 13. Daniel Landis. 

Givens, Alexander C. born near Circleville, Pickaway Co., 
Ohio, departed this life near Ligonier, Noble Co, Ind 
June 10, 1905, aged 76 years, 6 months and 18 days. He 
was married to Sarah Paight, of Lima, Ohio, Jan. 13, 
1858. To this union were born four sons and one daugh- 
ter, two sons dying in infancy. He was a soldier in the 
civil conflict and carried to his grave the scars of seven 
wounds from shot and shell. In the winter of 1886 the 
writer held a series of meetings at a mission point near 
his home and several united with the church by baptism, 
and among the number were Bro. Givens and his compan- 
ion, from which time there was a marked change in his 
life. Services by the writer, assisted by Bro. Joseph 
- at Burroak, Interment at Salem cemetery, No- 
Ind - J. H. Warstler. 

Johnson, Bro. Jonathan, died at North Webster, Ind., 
Jan. 5, 1906, aged 66 years, 2 months and 7 days. He 
leaves a companion, one daughter, five brothers and two 
sisters. He was a faithful member of the church for about 
thirty-one years. Services were held in the Evangelical 
church in North Webster, Ind., by Bro. S. J. Burger. 

Daniel Rothenberger. 
Hall, Caroline El, daughter of William and Lydia Stager 
died Jan. 1, 1906, in Potsdam, Ohio, aged 35 years, 4 
months and 25 days. She was united in marriage to Syl- 
vester Hall, March 25, 1900. To this union was born one 
child, a daughter. Funeral services at Potsdam by Eld. 
Jesse Stutsman and R. H. Nicodemus. 

Anna Stutsman. 
Harlacher, Sister Margaret C. E., nee Walter, died at 
her home m Hanover, Pa., aged 60 years and 2 months. 
J-or more than a year she was a great sufferer of cancer 
n, the stomach. She was born in York county and in 
1867 was married to W. B. Harlacher, of Adams county, 
(a deacon) who together with two sons and five daugh- 
ters survives. Deceased was a consistent member of the 
Brethren church for many years. Services and inter- 
ment at Mummert's meetinghouse, near East Berlin, Eld. 
Charles L. Baker and the writer officiating. Text Job 
14 :14 - D. H. Baker. 

Hinebaugh, Minerva, nee Burnworth, departed this life 
near New Paris, Ind., in the Union Center congregation, 
at the home of her daughter, Lavina Arnold, Dec 25 
1905, aged 74 years, 10 months and 19 days. She was 
born in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, and was joined 
in- marriage to Benjamin F. Hinebaugh, Oct. 23, 1851 
They moved to Perry county. Ohio, and from there to 
Kosciusko county, Indiana. Health failing, they removed 
to their son-in-law's, Bro. John Arnold, where, on March 
2 1902, they were separated by the death of the husband. 
She was the mother of five sons and three daughters, all 
living except one son who died a number of years ago 
Besides the seven children she leaves two sisters and 
three brothers. In her youth she joined the M. E. church 
and later united with the German Baptist Brethren in 
which church she lived a devoted Christian life. Funeral 
services by the writer, assisted by Eld. Joseph Hartsough 

J. H. Warstler. 
Ickes, Sister Mary Jane, daughter of Brother and Sister 
I' rank Claar, and wife of Bro. Ickes, died at her home 
Claar, Pa., Dec. 25. 1905. aged 27 years, 6 months and 13 
days. She is survived by her father and mother and a 
Number of brothers and sisters. She also leaves a hus- 
band and six children. Sister Ickes united with the church 
about seven years ago, and was a faithful member. A 
few days previous to her death she was anointed by the 
writer, who also conducted the funeral services Text 
John 14:1-3. q. A. Corle. 

bie Co.. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 


Knox, Martha, wife of Joshua Knox, of Clifton Mills, 
Va., died Dec. 25. 1905, of cancer of the stomach, aged 61 
years and 9 months. She leaves one girl and two boys and 
her husband. Funeral services in the Sandy Creek congre- 
gation (Salem house) by EM. Jeremiah Thomas. Text, 
Rev. 14: 13. Sister Martha was a consistent member of the 
Brethren church for a number of years, the wife of a 
deacon, where she always faithfully discharged her duty. 
All her children came into the church. 

James M. Thomas. 
McKibben, Lucinda, nee Wade, died within the bounds 
of the Solomons Creek congregation, Elkhart Co., Ind., 
Nov. 25, 1905, aged 43 years, 2 months and 5 days. She 
leaves a husband, one son, one daughter, three brothers 
and one sister. Services by the writer. Interment at the 
Richville cemetery, Elkhart county, Indiana. 

J. H. Warstler. 
McCartney, 'Bro. Sanford, of Juniata Gap, Pa., died at 
his home of lingering consumption, aged 48 years. He 
leaves a wife and several children. Interment in Fairview 
cemetery, Altoona, Pa. Funeral services were conducted 
by Eld. J. W. Wilt. E. O. Shaw. 

Miller, Sister Sarah S., nee Beckhart, died in Union 
Center congregation, Elkhart " county, Indiana, Jan. 5. 
1906, aged 69 years, 8 months and 4 days. She was the 
wife of J. S. L. Miller. She leaves a husband, one sister, 
one son and one daughter; one daughter dead. She was 
a member of the Brethren church nearly forty-five years. 
Funeral services by Brethren John Stafford and Henry 
Neff. J- O. Culler. 

Mohler, Anna, died in Mechanicsburg, Pa., on West 
Simpson St., Dec. 29, 1905, aged 84 years, 8 months and 
25 days. She was a member of the Lutheran church. 
Her parents and nearly all of her relatives are members 
of the Brethren church. She leaves two brothers and two 
sisters. The services were held in the Brethren church 
in Mechanicsburg by her request, and the body was bur- 
ied in the Mechanicsburg cemetery near by. The funeral 
was conducted by E. D. Weigel, of the Lutheran church, 
assisted by the writer. Daniel Landis, 

Myer, Sister Elizabeth, died Jan. 2, 1906, at the home 
of her son, John E. Myer, at Bareville, Pa., aged 78 
years, 8 months and 29 days. Her husband preceded her 
to the spirit world many years ago. She leaves one son 
and one daughter. She was an exemplary sister. Serv- 
ice in the Bareville meetinghouse by the brethren, from 
Rev. 14:13. Interment in the cemetery adjoining. 

Sallie Pfautz. 

Nifer, Bro. Joseph, born in Germany, died Dec. 23, 1905, 
aged 74 years, 6 months and 23 days. He immigrated to 
America while but a boy and located in Marshall county, 
Indiana, where he lived until death. He was united in 
marriage to Mary Rhinehart, who has preceded him to 
the spirit world. The summons of death came to him 
very suddenly and unexpectedly, having been stricken with 
apoplexy while splitting wood near the door of his home. 
He has been a member of the Brethren church for about 
forty years, thirty of which he filled the office of deacon, 
in the Union congregation, Ind., and in all those years 
he was ever a most zealous and faithful worker. He had 
no near relatives in America. Funeral services were con- 
ducted by Bro. J. F. Appleman, of Mexico, Ind., and Eld. 
S. F. Henricks, from 2 Tim. 4: 7, 8. Stella Morlock. 

Pence, Sister Rosa May, died of consumption, in the 
Logan congregation, Logan county, Ohio,. Jan. 2, 1905, 
aged 22 years, 7 months and 5 days. At the age of ten 
years her mother died and she afterwards made her home 
with Sister Ottie Mohr. She was a patient sufferer, being 
confined to her bed for nineteen weeks. She united with 
the church at the age of thirteen years, and was a con- 
sistent member until 'death". She leaves a father, three 
sisters and the family with which she made her home. 
Funeral services conducted by Eld. Abednego Miller, as- 
sisted by Bro. William Bean. Lnterment at New Phila- 
* dclphia. Bertha Yoder. 

Pentz, Sister Rebecca A., died Dec. 24, 1905, of paralysis, 
aged 60 years, 11 months and 25 days. Her maiden name 
was Miller. She was born in Union county, Pennsylvania; 
married to P. K. Pentz, of Dubois, Clearfield Co., Pa- 
March 25, 1876. To them were born three children. She 
was a consistent member of the Brethren church for 
twenty-one years. Services were conducted by Eld. J. H. 
Beer, assisted by Bro. Allen Oberlin, from Jer. 12:5. 

D. S. Stayer. 

Ronk, Mary Elmina, died Dec. 21, 1905, at her home 
near Griswold, Pottawattamie Co., Iowa, aged 60 years, 7 
months and 12 days. She united with the Christian 
church when eighteen years of age; shortly after her mar- 
riage to Francis M. Ronk she united with the Brethren 
and remained faithful. Funeral services improved by the 
writer. J- M. Folhs. 

Sanger, Sister Mary C, widow of Bro. Conrad Sanger, 
died Dec. 29, 1905, in the Beaver Creek congregation 
Rockingham Co., Va„ of consumption, aged 65 years, 9 
months and 17 days. Her maiden name was Adams, and 
she was the last member of the family, her parents and 
five sisters having preceded her. She was the second wife 
of Bro. Sanger, and is survived by three stepdaughters and 
one stepson. She united with the church while young 
and lived a consistent member. During her illness she 
was anointed. Funeral services at Beaver Creek by 
Brethren H. G. and M. B. Miller. Text, Rev. 22:14 and 
20- 11 12. Nannie J. Miller. 

Sell, Mable Anna, died at her home near Fredonia, 
Kans., Jan. 2, 1906, aged 12 years, 10 months and 20 days. 
I ittle Mable was a great sufferer for about five weeks 
with sciatic rheumatism. A mother and little sister pre- 
ceded her to the spirit world. She leaves father, step- 
mother five brothers and one sister. Funeral services in 
the Brethren church, conducted by E. D. Root, from 
Rev. 21:4. Bettie Root. 

Stoner, Daniel Duane, son of Harry D. Stoner, and 
grandson of Brother and Sister Emanuel Stoner at one 
time of Kansas, now of Westminster, Md., died Dec. 13, 
1905, of necrosis of the bone, caused by the fall of a bi- 
cycle some years ago, aged 11 years, 3 months and 14 
days. Though afflicted he was a cheerful and regular Sun- 
day-school scholar of the Brethren Sunday school m 
Westminster. Funeral services from Psa. 116:15 at the 
Meadow Branch church by the writer, assisted by Eld. 
Uriah Bixler. Interment in cemetery near by. 

W. E. Roop. 

Stoner, Bro. Henry, of South English, Iowa, born in 
Rockingham county, Virginia, died at his home, Jan. 5, 
1906, aged 73 years, 6 months and 21 days. When a child 
he with his parents moved to Allen county, Ohio, where 
he grew to manhood. In 1855 he came to Keokuk county, 
town, when it was the far West, and there continuously 
resided until his demise. He united in matrimony with 
Catharine Wine, Sept. 20, 1857. This union was blessed 
with four sotis add four daughters, one son and one daugh- 
ter dying in infancy. In early life he united witli the 
Brethren church, and lived faithful until the end. Some 
months previous it seemed as if the end was nigh, and he 
called for tile elders and was anointed. Funeral in the 
Brethren church east of South English, by Eld. J. C. Sei- 
bert, assisted by Eld. Samuel Flory, from John 14:1-3, 
after which his remains were laid to rest in the cemetery 
near by. Peter Brower. 

Stouder, Sister Mabel Edna, daughter of James A. 
Stoudcr, died of typhoid fever at the home of her grand- 
father, David Stoudcr, near Emporia, Kans., Jan. 2. 1906, 
aged 17 years. 3 months and 5 days. She bore her af- 
fliction to the end with patience, trusting in the Great Phy- 
sician. She was received into the Brethren church May 
25, 1903. Funeral services conducted by Ed. Steward, as- 
sisted by the writer, at Fowler Chapel, near Emporia, 
Kans. Frank N. Sargent. 

Whitney, Bro. Crosby, died at his home in the Oak 
Grove church, near Laton, Cal., Dec. 30, 1905. aged 59 
years, 2 months and 4 days. He was born in Stevenson 
county, Illinois; efnmigrated with his parents to Iowa 
where he was married to Lucinda A. Williams. To them 
were born nine children, eight of whom are living, five be- 
ing members of the Brethren church. For a number of 
years he lived in the bounds of the Belleville church, 
Kans. In 1903 he came to California, where he has since 
resided. On the evening of Dec. 30 he became suddenly 
sick and expired in a few hours. He faithfully served the 
church as a deacon for fourteen years. Martha Fike, 

Wilt, Charles E., of Hanover, Pa., died Dec. 28, 1905, 
aged 34 years, 4 months and 28 days. Services in Han- 
over church by Eld. J. H. Utz and Bro. D. H. Baker. 
W. B. Harlacher. 
Valentine, Sister Margaret, wife of Bro. Henry Valen- 
tine, died in the Dunning Creek congregation, Bedford 
Co., Pa., Nov. 20, 1905, aged 64 years and 29 days. She 
leaves a husband, one son and three daughters. Funeral 
services by Eld. J. B. Miller and the writer. Interment 
in the Mock cemetery. Levi Rogers. 

Zimmerman, Sister Lavina Ann, daughter of Martin and 
I'riscilla Kecver, died in the Nettle Creek church, Ind., 
Dec. 27, 1905, aged 66 years, 1 month and 22 days. She 
was married to William Zimmerman in August, 1864, with 
whom she lived until his death, which occurred April 11. 
1900. To this union were born two children. She joined 
the Brethren church in 1867 and lived faithful. She 
leaves one son and one daughter, three brothers and two 
sisters. Funeral services were conducted at the Brick 
church west of Hagerstown by the writer, assisted by 
Bro. D. E. Bowman, from Matt. 24:44. 

Abraham Bowman. 

Can Books, Etc., Be 
Secured Now at 


This question has been asked us often recently. In or- 
der to accommodate our many readers we answer to one 
and all as follows: 

On all books, etc., listed in our Holiday Bulletin, pub- 
lished in Gospel Messenger, Nov. 25, 1905, with the ex- 
ception of Avalon Poets and Padded White Vellum Se- 
ries of Books, as listed on Cover Page (these are out of 
print and cannot be furnished); on all others we will al- 
low the special Holiday prices on all orders received be- 
fore Feb. 15, 1906. Don't ask for these special prices 
after that date. 

In sending your order on above proposition, be sure t*i 
mention that your selections are taken from our Holiday 
Bulletin. Address all orders, 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Stout's Map of 

Old and New Testament 

Bible Lands 

Chronologically Arranged 
Best Map for Home Study and Class Use 
SHOWS— Journeys of Jesus, by arrowed lines. 
SHOWS— One of the chief events of each journey. 
SHOWS — Journeys, events, in chronological order. 
SHOWS — Where to find record of same in Gospels. 
SHOWS — Distances from Jerusalem. 
SHOWS— Names and location of 200 places. 
SHOWS— Divisions of land in six distinct, bright colors. 
SHOWS— That Jesus made over 100 distinct journeys, but 

the four Gospels name only eighteen towns 

visited by him. 
SHOWS— In a most impressive way, all its own, how to 

learn Bible Geography so that it is really 

easier to remember it than it is to forget it. 
INVALUABLE to all Sunday-school Teachers, Normal 

Class Teachers, Normal Class Students and 



No. 1— SIZE 22x34 INCHES. Printed on fine, tough 
Bond paper, folded and inclosed in heavy manilla, open 
end, patent fastening envelope— a safe, convenient, perma- 
nent receptacle. 

Price, postpaid, 50 cents net. 

No. 2— SIZE 22x34 INCHES.— Printed on fine cloth- 
backed map paper, strong and durable, mounted on wood- 
en rollers. Price, postpaid, $1.00 net. Both maps are 
done in six colors. 

Per dozen to Schools and Classes, No. 1, $5.00; No. 2, 
$10.00, postpaid. One-half dozen furnished at dozen rates 

This is just the map you should have to use in teach- 
ing your Sunday-school class for the next twelve months. 
This is the best and cheapest map that we know of and 
ought to be used by every Sunday-school teacher. We 
especially recommend No. 2, as it is in more conveni- 
ent form for Sunday-school work. 

Send your order now, to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

"Our Young People" 

THAT'S the new paper for which we are receiving sub- 
scriptions by the thousand. Subscriptions have poured in 
for this paper even beyond our expectations, and we were 
compelled to print a second edition of the first number, 


Single subscription, per year, 65 cents 

In clubs of five or more to one address, each, per 

year, 40 cents 

In clubs of five or more to one address, each, per 

<|iiarter 10 cents 


In clubs of five or more to different addresses, from 
now to July 1, 1906, per copy, 20 cents. 

In clubs or live or more to one address, to July 1, 1906, 
per copy, 10 cents. 

We cannot guarantee back numbers. Send your list of 
subscriptions now, to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Brethren Lesson Commentary 


Sunday School Lessons fo r 1906 

This book is especially adapted 
for the use of teachers and ad- 
vanced students. It contains a 
careful analysis of each lesson, 
with illustrations and practical 
notes. Each lesson has one page 
devoted to suggestions for teach- 
ing, by Eld. Albert C. Wieand, 
who has spent years of study 
along this line and kindred lines. 

A new feature of the Commentary this year is the two 
version text. It contains both the King Ja. o and 
American Revised versions, and is arranged in tne linear 
parallel method which allows an easy comparison. In 
addition to the numerous text illustrations it contains a 
number of full-page illustrations, as well as colored maps. 
in general should not fail to purchase a copy of this 
Commentary, which will be found to be a faithful com- 
panion in preparing you for effectual Sunday-school work, 
ll is the largest and most complete Commentary we have 
published. It contains fifty pages more than last year's 
and sells at the same price. 

Bound in cloth, 380 pages, price $1-00 

Send your order now to 

Elgin, Illinois. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 20, 1906. 


Centralia church met in council Jan. 6. We reorganized 
our Sunday school and young people's Bible society. Bro. 
Emanuel Martin was chosen Sunday-school superintend- 
ent, Anna Myers president of Bible society. Bro. B. C. 
Bonn will be our Messenger agent. The church adopted 
in full the plan of their financial committee, and here- 
after money for church expenses will be raised by tax. 
We are a small handful of God's people in this great 
northwest. We invite all God-fearing people that are 
thinking of changing location, to give our part of the 
country a thought. — C. A. Wagner, R. R. No. 1, Centralia, 
Wash., Jan. 5. 

Monocacy church met in council Jan. 6. The special 
financial business which came before the meeting was dis- 
posed of in a very pleasant manner.— Samuel Weybright, 
Detour, Md, Jan- 13. 

Idaho Falls. — Jan. r> our church met in council, with Eld. 
Stiverson presiding. The first business was the yearly 
election of officers. Bro. Stiverson was chosen elder for 
another year and Bro. W. D. Byer foreman. Two letters 
were granted to a family that came here one year ago 
for their boy's health. They are now returning to Iowa. 
Two letters were deceived. We now have thirty-three 
members. Total number of Brethren and families, seven- 
ty-one. We have baptized four during the year; one 
young sister was baptized Dec. 31. We reorganized our 
Sunday school Dec. 31, with Bro. O. W. Leavcll and Sis- 
ter Sarah Burger superintendents. Our churchhouse is 
nearing completion. Bro. Stiverson gave us six excellent 
sermons while with us. On Sunday evening the house was 
filled to its utmost with eager listeners. Efficient work- 
ers, we bid you a loving welcome. — Myrta Leavell, R. F. 
D. 4, Idaho Falls, Idaho, Jan. 11. 

Santa Ana. — Our work at this olace closes with next 
Sunday, Jan. 7. A week or ten davs later we expect to 
take up the work with the Brethren in the Reedley church, 
Fresno Co., Cal. The church at this place remains in 
charge of Bro. Wm. J. Thomas, of Inglewood, who will 
also assist in the preaching till some minister may locate 
here. The Brethren have a good churchhouse on First 
street and during the past year the members have con- 
centrated nearer the church, making it more convenient 
to attend. Sunday school has continued the past year 
with fairly good attendance, Bro. P. H. Smith, of Tus- 
tin, acting as superintendent. Hereafter correspondents 
please address us at Reedlej', Fresno Co., Cal.— D. L. 
Forney, Jan. 2. 

West Greentree. — We began a series of meetings (at 
the Rheems house) Dec. 29, which was continued until 
Jan. 9. Bro. Hershey GrofT did the preaching. The 
meetings have their influence for good. Jan. 4 we held 
a special council for the purpose of electing a deacon. 
The lot fell on Bro. Nathan Eshelman, who with his wife 
was installed the same day. — S. R. McDannel, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Clearwater congregation was to meet for council Jan. 
6. As our elder, J. N. Gwin, was not present and only a 
few of the members, we had no council. Our next council 
will be March 31* We reorganized Sunday school. Bro. 
T. Y. Henry was elected superintendent and Bro. S. Stook- 
ey assistant. We have Sunday school every Sunday. We 
have preaching every second and fourth Sunday. We are 
in need of more earnest workers, and need help in the 
ministry, as we have onlv one minister. Our elder does 
not live among us. — Carrie E. Herring, Teakean, Idaho, 
Jan. 7. 

Camp Verde.— Last Saturday evening, Bro. D. C. Camp- 
bell, of Colfax, Ind., and F. J. Price came to us. Sunday 
morning we went to Sunday school. Soon it was found 
out who Bro. Campbell was. Two ladies proposed to go 
and spread the news while Sunday school was in session 
if he would preach. That night he gave us a Bible land 
talk. For four miles the people came. He left word that 
he would talk again Tuesday evening. We again listened 
to a feast oi good things, he taking us from Rome to 
Damascus.— Rachel E. Gillett. Camp Verde, Ariz., Jan. 11. 
South Bend.— Our council met Jan. 14, Eld. Krieghbaum 
presiding. Officers for the Sunday school were elected for 
the new year; Bro. Steale superintendent, Bro. Borrough 
assistant. Bro. Clarence Bowman was elected president 
of Christian Workers' meeting and the writer correspond- 
ing secretary to Gospel Messenger. Our Sunday school 
is growing; 110 enrolled at our last session. Many chil- 
dren in South Bend, surrounded by Sunday schools and 
churches, do not attend divine services at all. The little 
ones are much interested in our industrial work. They 
do their work well. The little ones are much interested 
in the Sunday school and are quite anxious that it becomes 
larger each Sunday. This morning Bro. Krieghbaum gave 
us a soul-cheering sermon— C. May Manners, 1309 Miami 
St., So. Bend, Ind., Jan. 15. 

Beech Grove.— Bro. A. C Snowberger came to us Dec 
■JU and commenced a meeting. He gave us twenty ser- 
mons The members seem to be very much strengthened. 
—P. A. Spearman, R. R. No. 38, Ingalls, Ind., Jan. IS. 

Pleasant Valley church just closed a very interesting 
series -of meetings of two weeks. Good attendance and 
interest. The work of Bro. A. Heestand and wife was 
much_ appreciated at the Valley. Six were added to the 
auncil meeting will be Jan, 27.— Orpha 




Mishler, Middlebury, Ind", J 

Upper Fall Creek- We are now in the midst of a series 
ot meetings at the Honey Creek church, two and one-half 
miles east of Middletown. The home ministers are doing 
the preaching. Bro. Isaac B.Mhimer, of Edna Mills, came 

n„,t t M ght u S ' ^^ F,nke ' s ' I,ear Middletown, and is 
quite feeble He called tor the elders to anoint him yes- 

Florida J. E. Green, Middletown, Ind., Jan. 14. 


During the year 1905 my evangelistic work resulted in 
two hundred and two accessions, seventy-eight being in 
St Joseph, forty-two in Kansas City and the rest in 
other States. Our Sunday-school collection at the church 
averaged ?1.4J with an average attendance of seventy- 
seven I preached during the year, three hundred and 
twenty sermons, and attended on an average three praver 
meetings a week. pi^w 

The Sunday school at the courthouse has an average 
attendance of thirty-five. This part of the church has 
been recently organized into a separate congregation. At 
our mission on Lake 'and Texas avenues, which was 
opened the last of October, our Sunday school has aver- 
aged forty-five. We put out about four hundred pieces 
of clothing per month, or four thousand eight hundred 
and sixty pieces during the year, and distributed about 
three thousand Messengers. 

Our Sisters' Aid Society meets at the church each week. 
Much new material is coming in and this is made into 
garments for the worthy poor. Quilts and comforters 
are also made. We also receive much clothing from all 
parts of the Brotherhood. Our work is largely among 
the poorer classes, and we find many who are in need of 
help. We are depending entirely upon the Brotherhood 
for the support of these sisters and the mission work 

We come in touch with many different phases of life, 
and listen to many sad stories that make our hearts bleed. 
Just this morning we called in a home of two small rooms 
where the mother and her four children sleep in one bed. 
The mother is in delicate health, and with her own hands 
tries to support her little ones. 

Although the work is turned entirely over into the 
hands of our two sisters, for the sake of convenience we 
ask that all freight and express be sent to C. S. Garber, 
Station D, but all letters of information or letters con- 
taining money may be sent to the treasurer, Sister Anna 
K. Miller, 5208 Lake Ave., Station D. C. S. Garber. 

Station D, St. Joseph, Mo., Jan. 6. 



OHIO, DEC. 26-29, 1905. 

In view of the fact that the International Sunday School 
Lessons are ill adapted to the more primary or juvenile 
departments of our Sunday schools, and believing that 
our Publishing House, as soon as the demand will justi- 
fy the same, will prepare and publish a more suitable 
course of lessons, etc., of these departments; therefore be 

Resolved, That it is the desire and request of this, the 
Sunday-school Teachers' Institute of Southern Ohio, that 
our Publishing House push the same to completion just 
as soon as practicable. And be it further 

Resolved, That this resolution be published in the Gos- 
pel Messenger, and that other Sunday schools and Sun- 
day-school institutes in the Brotherhood are hereby re- 
quested to consider this subject and take action upon the 
same, so that our Publishing House may have the neces- 
sary assurance of the success or general acceptance of 
such a course when published. Ezra Flory, Sec 

West Milton, Ohio. 

Feb. 3, Inglewood, Cal. 



We have arranged to furnish each of our Messenger 
readers with a Red Letter Bible at half price. We have 
purchased a large number of these Bibles, thereby se- 
curing them at a very low rate. We are going to give 
them to our Messenger readers at first cost to us, plus ex- 
pense in getting them to you. 

Renew Your Messenger Now 

and get one of these Bibles. 


(To New or Renewal Subscribers.) 

The Gospel Messenger one year, $1.50 

No. 202 Red Letter Bible $2.50 

Both for only $2.75 

The Gospel Messenger one year $1 50 

No. 205 Red Letter Bible, SJ3I2S 

B ... < , * 4 - 75 

Both tor only $3.20 


8 vo., Self-Pronouncing, Bourgeois, Teachers' Bible. 

No. 202.— Florentine Seal, divinity circuit, paper lined 
watered silk style, red under gold edges, head band and 
marker, with helps, references, concordance, etc., com- 
plete, containing also seventeen plates, twelve colored 
m l? s *Z thirty-two pages of illustrations. Price, $2.50. 

No. 205.— Palestine Levant, lined with English Kid; 
otherwise the same as No. 202. Price, $3.25. 

Index on either of the above for 25 cents extra. 


The publisher's price on these Bibles is very much 

higher than the figures quoted above. We have simply 

placed a conservative price on them, which is just what 

the Bibles would cost you if you ordered them alone. 


If convenient hand your subscription to our local agents 
in your congregation. 

They will see that you get the Bible wanted and de- 
liver it to you prepaid for the price named above 

If not convenient to send through an agent, send di- 
rect to us. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Mayville Class 
Abroad ^^^^^^^= 

By E. M. COBB. 

The Mayville High School 
class make a tour through 
Europe and Palestine and 
write letters home of the 
most interesting character. 
It is just the thing for young 
people. All will find the 
book captivating and very in- 

Reading this book is just 
like reading letters from a 
friend traveling abroad. You 
cannot imagine how inter- 
esting and instructive such a 
book would be, unless you 
have actually had the experi- 
ence. It is a book that will 
interest the whole family. 

The book is finely illus- 
trated and contains 288 
pages. It is bound in fine 

cloth and has a beautiful cover design stamped in white. 

You had better send for a copy now. 

Price per copy, prepaid, only $1.00 


Good Commission An Easy Seller 

Just one agent wanted in each community. If you 
want to make some money real quick write at once for 
terms on this book. Act now or someone else will. 


Elgin, Illinois. 

Every Word Means Thought Power 

Yon Will Be a Better Thinker if Yon 
Read the INGLENOOK a Year. 


Inquire about our special combination offer with 
ntber papers. It is worth your while. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Messenger 


Missionary Purposes 

The General Mission Board is anxious that the 
Messenger be used extensively for missionary pur- 
poses,- and when sent to those not members, such as 
do not even reside in families where there are mem- 
bers, the paper may be had for fifty cents for twelve 
months, the Board paying to the House the remainder 
of the cost of the paper. Those wishing to take part 
in this line of mission work will please fill out this 
blank : 

Wishing to take part in mission work, as per the prop- 
osition to send the Messenger for 50 cents per annum, 
permit me to say that the party, (or parties) to whom I 
wish you to send the Messenger one year, is not a mem- 
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a family where there are members. 

Name of 

P. O State 

Enclosed $ Send the Messenger one year 

The Gospel Messenger 


VoL 4S _ Elgin, III., January 27, 1906. No. 4 - 

TAFiTT? DF^ONTENTS Some months ago there was much said in the papers Dueling has been common in Germany lor a long 

lftB about the way the natives of the Kongo Free State time. But some time ago the emperor issued a cabinet 

Editorial— were tortured and mutilated because they did not order against duels in tile army, which had the effect 

Church Decadence ■ ■• ■ ■ ■ -'■■•■ ■ ■ j- 57 comp l v with the orders of the government. Commis- of greatly reducing the number of them. Yet there 

D ° e Mc°ns of Moral andSpi ritualCutare? " ... .57 sioner s were appointed. They spent five months in are many persons not opposed to duels, and not a few 

The Danger Line |jj ^ Kong0 and exam i n ed hundreds of witnesses, who believe them the best way to settle questions of 

Do Not Q u ^ t ? rea ^?' n ^ s - ::::::::'.::: !S8 They found some things to criticise and some to com- honor. When questioned as to what methods the 

Essays'- UPP mend. Among the former was leaving the tax col- government would adopt against compulsory duels, 
Revival?, Their Objects and Aims. By I. J. Rosen ' 50 lection f or different districts largely in the hands of Chancellor von Billow said that the custom of dueling 
Ropi'ng'off the Pews' By S.'s.W.' Hammers,' '.'.'.'..SO comme rcial companies. Every male native is com- exists in wide circles of the educated classes of Ger- 
The Ten Commandments.— The Third tommand-^ ^^ ^ ^ a ^ in ^^ forty hours a month many , an d that so long as it is regarded as a means 
Let STctarch Name Rest/ By L. W* Teeter,".: '.".51 Some calle d it practical slavery, but each received of restoring offended honor the officers' corps cannot 
From Texas to New Mexico. By James M. Neff, ..51 ^ and &e cornmissioners considered it ex- tolerate in its ranks the presence of a member who is 
lemns^Pe S cS.ic S By By 1nta E n \lohier,'::::.'52 pedient and sa lutary. Villages near the state posts unwilling to reestablish his honor with a weapon in 
The Nature and Work of the Sunday School. By^ sometimes bore more than their share of the taxation, his hand. But for all that dueling is a barbarous and 
Ove^ominTV Geo ' D.' Zoile'r's', ' .' .' .' .' .' .' .' .' .' .' ■' .' ■' ■' •' .'fj wh ile some more distant bore little or none of it. The senseless custom. It has never reestablished the hon- 
» An Angel" of the Lord." By J. O Garst 54 ; nvesti tion was carried on in such a way that the or of any one, and never will. There is nothing non- 
No Room for Jesus. By Wm. K. Lonner commissioners heard the worst there was to be heard, orable about committing murder or being murdered 

H ° m OurOp F po , rTumties. By Ida Brower 55 Instf , a(1 of the labor tex the government might have on what has for centuries falsely been called the field 

Sisters' Aid Societies ■ admitted alcohol and secured a revenue from it ; but of honor. 

General Missionary andJTract Department, jg ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^^ „ ^ ^.^ FooTBALL is receiving more hard knocks. At a 

Fr°om T Montre a l, France. By G J. Fercken 59 ^ ^ iriterd ; ction of alco hol and the suppre ssion of faculty conference of nine colleges, called by Presi- 

I'^olXZi o" d Nort!we?fKa V nsa S ° n and Northern^ slavery constitute the crowning glory of the Kongo dent Angell, of the University of Michigan, held at 

M ' S Colorado By Chas Sloniker 59 ^ ^ „ Qf the mutiIa t ions it says : - It seems Chicago Beach hotel two days last week, it was de- 

■ _ = that mutilations have never had the character of tor- cided that if changes recommended were not made, 

AROUND THE WORLD. ture inflicted voluntarily or knowingly. One point is intercollegiate football should be suspended for at 

A "^ - ,...,. -~~~ * beyond doubt. No white man has ever inflicted such least two years. Some of the decisions were that the 

""tTITcWW Marshall Field, which occurred in mutilations, nor caused such mutilations to be inflicted, price of admission should not be more than fifty cents, 

M York ttvfasf week Chicago for the third time upon a living native as a punishment for non-payment that the training table should be abolished that stu- 

T t ne od mo rn the osfof one of her most or taxes, no, for any other cause." The cutting off of dents must be up ,„ then- work and take full work, 

m a I ci izens F t w the judge, then the a hand of a dead enemy as a trophy is an ancient na- that there be no professional coaches tha no mor 

respected citizens ^^ow the. eat merchant, the tive custom, much as scalping among the Indians; than five intercollegiate games shall be played, that 

Un rt S mann tie city tb heavfest individual tax- and in both cases it sometimes happened that the living there be no preliminary training before the beginning 
richest man , he aty be heave ^ ^ ^ ^.^ ^ ^ q£ .^^.^ that „ sca d , second Saur 

paver in the U niter; states, nnu uic 6 »- , , , . j ,|,„ before Thanks" v ng. President Angell called at- 

not on account of his wealth, but because a sfrong as bad as they we re reported. day be for e Tha nksgivr g^ ^J^ ^ ^ 

honest man has been called away, unexpectedly tiougn ^ ^ ^ reputation of being the home jectionable: "The preparation for the intercollegiate 

he had lived out the threescore years and en ^llotteQ j ^ ^ ^ ^ es6nat eA that ninety per games made a damaging invasion into the proper work 

to man. Mr. Fields fortune was very *£*« cent of them come £rom the salt marshes which fringe o£ thc unive rsity for the first ten or twelve weeks of 

was all made m hones trade. No one was made poor ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^^ per cent Qf the ^ ^^ year This is , ruc not of the payers 

in order that he might become rich; «*""£• mosquitoes which afflict the residents of the shore re- alone, but of the main body of students who think 

differed very much Iron, many of the wealthiest men ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ .^ ^ ^ ^ rf ^ ^ ^ ^ game _„ „ The present 

of the country. His money was not tainted . ^^ p] ^ ^ ^ tQ drain conditions c0 „ stanUv hold before the students and be- 

Chicago Tribune says of him editorially . Mr. be d ^ ^ whkh ; , js thought can be done {or a fore , he world £alse ideas f c0 Uege life. . . . Not 

was pure and upright in private lite. . ^^ hundred thousand dollars. Much of only undergraduates but school boys are filled with 

was no man in Chicago more kindly regarded by h ^ ^.^ ^ ^.^ aspira[ions t0 follow in tlle foo t s te P s, not of the best 

fellow-citizens than Mr. F,eld There was no one so ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^.^ ^ ^^^ ^ rf ^ ^ ^^ „ ., The ^ 

conspicuous of whom so few harsh things were saa. ^ ^ ^^ The sand ^ ^ had dMe ^ necesssarily viewed in a wrong perspective. It is 

His riches made him odious to no one, for the people ^ ^^^ ^ drained hundreds of looked upon as training men for a public spectacle 

high and low, saw that he was untainted by wealth ^ ^ ^ ^^.^^ whi( . h wm compensat e to which people come by thousands, instead of quietly 

and was always an upright man, fair and even gen- ^ ^ ^ ^ expended . A largc amount training men for useful, intellectual, and moral service, 

erous in his dealings. He was the , first citizen o h ^ ^ been don£ aromd ^.^ ^^ mipk opportunity for reasonable ath- 

Chicago when he died, and he has left no one to take ot tn.s . . ^ ^ intc , |e(;tual , rainers are made 

his place. He will be sincerely mourned by the men. Newark Bay «aten_tm ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^^ cQnsequence with ^ footba „ 

women, and children of Chicago." TnE £ n ow ing item shows how important electrical cQach an(] tra i ne r." " The expenditure of money and 

Or the 4 W institutions in the United States for power is considered and how far men will go to get ^ preparation „f the gam e is out of all proportion 

, , I 7 1 X Ted and needy 485 are super- it without having to burn fuel to generate it, From , ratioml ovision {or exer c,se and games 

the benefit oU ^ s ^ S ^^2^ZlZov- the Victoria falls to Witwatersrand, a distance of for studcnts ought to cal. for." 

it^MSSSS F^ivaJcor- seven hundred mile, -Jj^J^ «^; The Bonanza — l^, one of the 

porations manage 2,359 of them, including 1,363 sup- n« ^powe r^ o mme^ou ft Afne^d. ^y ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^^^ fie)ds ^^ 

ported by religious bodies. Orphanages are nearly all convinced t _ plan « D r exhausted, its block of ground being prac- 

st^pported by religious bodies, while the bhn and the esp ■ ly a^th dry ta e^„ ™«t ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ dt , ven , h 

deaf and the dumb are supported by the States. The here « no ,c >, tn ^ ^ has ^ ^^ fm . e|eyen years Ab 

public institutions cost $16,263,958, the ng of the turbines ana no w doi]ars has becn taken out> s]x miIhon o{ 

$15,150,576, and the private $24,163,099. That so laB *^J^l^^££Z£L The which was paid in dividends. As the capital stock is 

much is yearly expended to care for these classes of season 30 0000 ho « f» er cou d be de p ^ mfc dollarSj the mine has paid six hun- 

unfortunates speaks well for the public and also for availaMe ^f^;;';"^'^ engineering works dred per cent in eleven years. When mines are rich 

the individual. The way the poor are treated is one of 1,000 feet could • This would produce thev pay wonderful dividends, but only a very small 

of the tests of character. The Brethren have the ^^^^X^^^ * 15 '" ^ °°* °' ^ ^ " ^ ""^ " * F "* 

reputation of looking after their own poor and also about . ,000,000,00 ■ I to se p 1 This ^^ ^ biisiness a yery uncertam one _ 

helping others. It is to be hoped that they will do 000,000 ,s ^"nuaUy « ift. Rand to p ^ who ^^ ^ a mine snould ^^ 

stM more in this line as time passes, for in spite of all The energy which , ow going to waste ^ ^^^ are against his eyer ^.^ h;s 

the charity there are still so many who have not the streams of the world will be used more ^ ^ of the grea t dividends promised. 

' . . r ,-, the benefit of man. 
bare necessities ot lite. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 

-a E S S A V S ft- 

"Study to show thyself approved unto God. a workman that needeth not 
be ashamed, tightly dividing the Word of Truth." 



I am only a traveler journeying 
To the end of a mystical way; 

But I know that my Father doth guide me 
And at last all will be clear as the day. 

O heart of mine, openly trust him, 
Sweetly trust him whate'er may befall; 

For his glory lie will lovingly keep me 
And crown me a victor o'er all. 

This way along which I am traveling 

Many times rough and stony must be 
But again 'tis resplendent with beauty; 

For I look and his sunshine I see. 
O glorious sunshine of heaven, 

O glorious homeland of the soul, 
Grant, Savior, its rays may be brightest 

When the shadows of death o'er me roll. 
East Akron, Ohio. 



Revivals, as relates to the church, means a re- 
newal of our zeal and a more active attention to re- 
ligion; an awakening of men to their spiritual inter- 
ests. This line of church work has met with opposi- 
tion and this opposition has not been without its 
reasons. Meetings may result in harm. I call to 
mind a meeting in a congregation where there was 
a long list of accessions reported. That meeting did 
the Lord's cause serious harm in that vicinity. The 
Scriptures not only speak of " sound words " and 
" sound speech that can not be condemned " ; but 
warn us of those " who will not endure sound doc- 
trine, . . . shall heap to themselves teachers hav- 
ing itching ears, and shall turn away their ears from 
the truth, and shall be turned unto fables." If the 
Lord's blessing would attend our efforts in our re- 
vival work, respect must be shown to the repeated 
warnings with which the Scriptures abound. 

As to the length of effort,' the needs vary. After 
the apostles received the benediction of their Master 
at Bethany, they returned to Jerusalem with great 
joy, and " were continually in the temple praising and 
blessing God." At the Pentecostal revival of Acts 2 
it is said that they continued daily in the temple with 
one accord. The motto governing the length of a 
meeting should be, "Let all things be done to edi- 

As to aims and objects of revival services, we name 
the following: 

1. To revive a deeper work of grace in the minds 
and hearts of the membership. 

This would seem to be a very proper first aim. For 
a revival to accomplish the desired good in a com- 
munity, there must be an interest awakened outside 
of the church. As a rule it is not possible to awaken 
an interest outside of the church when there is but 
little or none on the inside. There is need of faith, 
love and zeal, and this must be given out through the 
membership. This they cannot do when they feel 
themselves in want. A successful meeting must be 
well attended. It is not possible to get those outside 
of the church to attend when members fail to attend 
as they should. Referring to the meeting at Antioch 
held by Paul and Barnabas it was said: "The next 
sabbath day came almost the whole city together to 
hear the word cf God." Here was gained an excel- 
lent first step toward a successful revival. Of Pente- 
cost it was said: "They were all with one accord 
m one place." " They were all," not 119, but the 120 
This is one of the most favorable conditions with 
which to start a meeting. 

2. The next ami to be sought in a revival is to 
mould sentiment. 

Christ, in giving his commission, bids us first 
then baptize and then teach. How safely and cl.-rly 
this procedure would mould sentiment. When Paul 

held that revival at Berea, it is said that " they 
searched the scriptures daily whether these things 
were so." How rapidly was Paul moulding sentiment, 
laying the foundation for a successful revival. They 
were neither being frightened nor coaxed into the 
church. These would be ever " ready to give an 
answer to every man that asketh them a reason of the 
hope that is in them." The steps to be sought are 
first, sentiment; second, conviction, and third, faith; 
a living faith, " that worketh by love." 

Sentiment is not only necessary during a revival, 
but is equally essential for a healthy growth of the 
church after the revival. A painful number of those 
coming to the church professing conversion prove to 
be mere transients in the church, because they lacked 
sentiment, conviction, when they joined the church. 
Doubtless the " weak and sickly " in the Corinthian 
church were lacking sentiment; in this state were 
liable to be those who were " carried about with every 
wind of doctrine." 

3. The gathering of souls is one of the crowning 
efforts of the church. 

It is the gathering of delicious fruit that has been 
ripened by the summer's sun and genial showers. But 
it is a matter of regret when this gathered fruitage 
proves so often to be " a basket of summer fruit," as 
in the days of Israel. It affords a season in which 
" they joy before thee as in the days of harvest." It 
proves a source of increasing joy to know that the 
saints above unite with the saints below in these sea- 
sons of joy. The Savior assures that " there is like- 
wise joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, 
more than over ninety and nine just persons that need 
no repentance." Be it remembered that it is not so 
much for time as for eternity. Following the re- 
vival of Pentecost it is said : " They continued stead- 
fastly in the apostles' doctrine, and fellowship, and 
in breaking of bread, and prayers." This outlines a 
healthy condition of that church and of faithful work 
done jn their revival. It is not uncommon for such 
pressure to be brought to bear on the converts, seek- 
ers, that they do not exercise the freedom of choice. 
This is unfortunate, because we are so constituted 
that we only can be happy when we are left free to 
choose. A union in marriage is only happy when it 
is one of choice. 

In like manner our union with Christ in the church 
can only be one of happiness when it is the result of 
desire and then of choice. "If there be a willing 
mind it is accepted of the Lord," has with good 
propriety a very broad application, for none can be 
happy unless they are what they are from choice. 
Xenophon says: "Those who are compelled by us 
hate us ; while those who are persuaded by us as if 
they had received some favor from us." 
Denver, Colo. 


During the late conflict between the North and the 
South, the soldiers in the main body were mostly safe, 
but the stragglers, those found away back behind! 
were often picked up and captured. And it is the 
same in the church to-day; those who get too far 
back Satan will capture. 

We read an article recently in the North American 
where the Beechwood Presbyterian church of Park- 
ersburg, W. Va., was split asunder by the members 
sitting too far back in the church. The church was 
large and the flock small, and these members made it 
a rule to sit away back in the church. The pastor, 
Rev. Harry E. Porter, frequently requested his peo- 
ple to s.t up in the front pews. So after repeated ef- 
forts to get his flock in the front, and failing in all 
his efforts, the reverend gentleman roped off all the 
back pews, and at the very next preaching, most of 
the members, rather than sit forward in the church 
went over to the Methodist church, where they were 
permitted to sit where they pleased. 

Now the thought passed through our minds: When 
the members of this church— and we mean the moral 
.to apply to all churches, even our own— refused to go 
forward when urged by their minister, were they out- 

and-out on the Lord's side? Let each church member 
ask himself the question, Where am I in the sight of 
my Creator ? Is my heart loyal to the King of heav- 
en? Am I acting here in the world as I should? Am I 
a light in this dark, sinful world? Christ says to all 
those who profess to be his followers, " Ye are the 
light of the world," but the world did not want the 
light, and they rose up and put it out. The apostle 
Paul tells us that Christians are to be living epistles, 
known and read of all men. Now if a man is for 
God, let him say so ; let him come out and be on God's 
side ; let him be found on the front seats in the house 
of public worship. He cannot be in the front pew and 
the back one at the same time. This thing of being 
in the front pew and the back one at the same time 
is like being in the church and the world at the same 
time. It is the curse of the Christian religion to-day. 
It retards its progress more than any other thing. 
Every Christian ought to be in the front seat in any 
church ; his influence 'would be felt on the world very 
soon. If men and women are on the Lord's side they 
will come out and manifest it at the house of public 

May God wake up the churches! Let us trim our 
lights and go forth and work for the kingdom of God's 
dear Son. We spoke of the world rising up and 
putting out the light. Here a thought strikes us: 
If ever Jesus needed sympathy, if ever he needed his 
disciples around him, it was that night when they 
were bringing false witnesses against him that he 
might be condemned to death. And there was Peter, 
one of his foremost disciples, away back on the back- 
seat, yes, even on the very outside of the building, 
saying he never knew him. How many members of 
the churches to-day are acting like Peter, showing to 
the world that they are far away from him in their 
seats in the church ? 

There are churches that sell the pews, but we do 
not allude to such, as those who are seated there in 
the front seats are placed there by wealth ; money is 
what takes them to the front. But we mean the 
churches where there are no fees for the seats. In 
all such churches let the Christian be found on the 
front seats, and let every deacon be in his seat. 

We were in a church, since a member of the Broth- 
erhood, where every deacon was seated away back in 
the church, even among the outsiders. Forty years 
ago father had many hands in his employ, mostly 
men of a rough nature, and when we were a boy we 
would go with these men to church. If there was 
a deacon who did not occupy his seat, or a minister 
too, these men would all want to know of father 
what was the cause of Deacon So-and-so, and Preach- 
er So-and-so not being in their seats. Is it so to-day? 
The deacons and the ministers could sit back on the 
back seats and the world would not make any remarks 
about it. Why is this? I believe it is because the 
church is becoming so much like the world that the 
world scarcely recognizes a Christian any more, in 
dress or any other way. 

Now, dear reader, let us all go forward in the 
house of public worship ; let us be found on the front 
seats; let every official of the church be in his seat, 
and if we all do this, we will not be found walking or 
sitting in the council of the ungodly, or standing or 
sitting in the way of sinners. 
Gettysburg, Pa. 


" It is of no use to tell me to look forward," said 
one in great trouble, the other day, to a friend. " The 
worst of my trouble, I know, lies ahead. To look 
back upon the past, before this shadow came, simply 
adds to my agony. I can only sit in the darkness, and 
shut my eyes to everything, and bear as best I may." 

" There is always one way left," said the friend, 
gently. " When we cannot look forward nor back- 
ward, we can look upward. I have been in every 
whit as hard a place as you, and I sat a long while in 
the darkness before finding the way out. Try the 
upward look— it is meant for just such sorrows as this, 
which seem to shut in the soul inexorably. If we look 
up, we never look in vain." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 


lie offices? Unanimously concluded to call ourselves 
the Fraternity of German Baptists." 

Evidently from this decision the following names 
have been coined : " German Baptist Brethren 
church," " German Baptist church," " German Bap- 
tists," and " Brethren church." 

In 1891 the name question was again considered, 
but no change was made from " German Baptist Breth- 

The Third Commandment.— Ex. 20:7. 
That there is much sham and unreality in the lives 
of men and women to-day requires no proof. Even 
honest people are lulled to sleep by the seducing spirit 
of this age. The public conscience needs to be aroused 
to a perception of the real claims of God's moral laws. 
Therefore the exposition of the third commandment 
is of great importance to-day. It should have a su- 
perior place in the teaching of this day. 
I. Definition of terms. 

1. " Vain," Heb., slxav, lying, deceptive, unreal, etc. 
To take the name of God in vain means to use it in a 
lying, deceptive and unreal way. 

2. Guiltless, Heb., naquah, from root meaning to be 
clean, unpunished. God will not hold a man to be 
clean, and therefore will not allow him to go unpun- 
ished', who takes his name in a lying, hypocritical, un- 
real way. 

3. Name of God signifies his character, authority, 
institutions, commandments, etc. To defame his char- 
acter, to disregard his authority, to trample down his 
institutions, to disobey his commandments is to violate 
the third commandment. 

II. How this commandment may be broken. 

1. By profanity. 

This is fearfully prevalent to-day. One can scarce- 
ly travel upon the public highways, enter places of 
business, mingle with our fellows in social life with- 
out hearing the name of our God profaned. Many 
children are born and reared in this atmosphere, so 
that they take on the same spirit and indulge in the 
same practice almost as naturally as they breathe. 
Profanity is one of the most senseless of all crimes. 
It gratifies no desire. It promotes no interest. Be- 
sides being senseless, it is positively awful. Much of 
the profanity is libel and slander against God. Many 
times men in the utterance of their dreadful oaths call 
on God to do what he never does. 

2. By perjury. 

When men swear by God to lies' they commit per- 
jury, and therefore break this commandment. This 
is not only a sin against God. but against society as 
well. Confidence is the basal fabric of the social and 
business world. The man who commits perjury ought 
to be ostracized from society and business. 

3. By levity and frivolity. 

To joke with the name of God, or the Word of 
God, or sacred things, is to violate this commandment. 
It is quite horrifying to listen to the conversation of 
church members at the dinner table after a Sunday 
sermon, when oftentimes some telling point of the ser- 
mon is made a subject for jesting, perhaps in the 
presence of the minister. 

4. By hypocrisy. 

There is a kind of profanity which is worse than 
that of the streets,— hypocrisy. 

(a) Professing to live for God and at the same 
time living for self— money for self, etc. Just such 
a life as that described by Tennyson in his "Sea 
Dreams." He most graphically describes the religious 
hypocrite : 

" With all ills conscience, and one eye askew, 

So false, he partly took himself for true; 

Whose pious talk, when most his heart was dry. 

Made wet the crafty crow's foot round his eye; 

Who, never naming God except for gain. 

So never took that useful name in vain; 

Made him his cat's paw, and the cross his tool. 

And Christ the bait to trap his dupe and fool; 

Nor deeds of gift, but gifts of grace he forged, 

And, snake-like, slimed his victim ere he gorged; 

And oft at Bible meetings, o'er the rest, 

Arising, did his holy, oily best, 

Dropping the too-rough ' h ' in hell and heaven, 

To spread the word by which himself had thrown." 
(b) Entering a house dedicated to God, pretending 

to worship, filled with listlessness and drowsiness, or 
engaging in worldly conversation, etc. A man may 
preach and pray ever so eloquently, but if his life 
does not square up with his profession he breaks this 
commandment. If any party ever met the scathing 
denunciations of Jesus Christ it was the man of re- 
ligious insincerity, who hypocritically honored God 
with his lips while his heart was far from him. In 
Matt. 23 : 13-36 we find his eightfold woe pronounced 
against that class of people. They, for a pretense, made 
long prayers, while at the same time they were devour- 
in°- widows' houses; tithed mint, anise and cummin, 
but omitted the weightier matters of the law, justice, 
mercy, etc. ; strained at gnats and swallowed camels ; 
cleansed the outside of the cup and platter, but within 
was full of extortion and excess ; who appeared out- 
wardly beautiful, but within were full of dead men's 
bones and uncleanness ; who built the tombs of the 
prophets and martyrs, and at the same time were per- 
secuting their successors, etc. 

Let us beware of the sacrilege of insincere worship, 
for as Watts says: 

" God is a spirit', just and wise; 

He sees our inmost mind; 
In vain to heaven we raise our cries, 

And leave our hearts behind. 
Nothing but trust before his throne 

With honor can appear; 
The painted hypocrites arc known, 

Whate'er in guise they wear. 

Their lifted eyes salute the skies, 

Their bending knees the ground; 
But God abhors the sacrifice 

Where not thc-heart is found. 
Lord, search my thoughts, and try my ways 

And make my soul sincere; 
Then shall I stand before thy face, 

And find acceptance there." 

North Manchester, Ind. 



In 1868 it was the writer's lot to be appointed sec- 
retary of the Old Nettle Creek congregation— its first 
regular secretary. We then had no blank certificates 
of membership. It was the secretary's business to 
write in full all certificates granted. 

In those certificates it was required to use German- 
Baptist, or Brethren, Church, as the church name. 
The name was then interchangeable. It was some- 
times German Baptist church, and sometimes Brethren 
church. Either name meant the same church. In 
1889, at Harrisonburg, Va., conference, as trustee elect, 
it was the writer's duty to complete the corporation 
of the newly-elected body of brethren under the cor- 
porate name of Trustees of the General Conference of 
the German Baptist or Brethren church. At. the next 
conference, in 1890, the report of the said incorpora- 
tion was made, and approved, with the exception of 
the word " or " occurring between " German Baptist " 
and "Brethren church." The same conference or- 
dered the said corporate name to be amended by strik- 
ing out the word " or " occurring between " German 
Baptist" and "Brethren church." It was done. 
Hence the church name, as recognized by conference, 
has since been German Baptist Brethren church. This 
action, however, was indirect, since the church name- 
was not the main question under consideration. 

At the conference of 1836 the church name question 
was directly considered, and a name adopted. Under 
Art. 6 of its minutes we find the following: "What 
should be the name of our Fraternity, when a title 
for a meetinghouse is made and recorded in the pub- 

In 1902 it was again introduced, and was committed, 
with instruction to confer with legal counsel as to 
the possible effect of church titles to property held in 
its former name, if a change should be made, and also 
suggest a suitable name to the conference for adop- 
tion. The committee, having made the most careful 
investigation of the legal phase, reported that a change 
of name would not endanger any titles held under the 
former name. 

The committee also reported a suitable name, as 
they thought, to the conference of 1904. Final action 
was deferred to the conference of 1905, when it was 
decided, after discussing a number of proposed names, 
to make no change. Hence the church name remains 
German Baptist Brethren church, up to date. 

Now, in view of all the foregoing, and especially 
the long term of three years of consideration of the 
church name, ending with conference of 1905, result- 
ing in no change, I therefore suggest to let the church 
name question rest awhile. We shall likely find a name 
in course of a few years without hunting for it. It 
is quite possible, and natural, after such a thorough- 
going and winnowing discussion as the church name 
question has received in the last three years, that a 
suitable name will crystallize among us. The reader 
may have observed that in the last few years a very 
beautiful, appropriate and short form of a church 
name has been taking precedence generally. It is 
simply this: Brethren Church— not "The Brethren 
church," but only two words, " Brethren " and 
" church." This is in fact the last part of the present 
name, leaving out " German Baptist." For example 
of its general use at present see in the obituary col- 
umns of the Gospel Messenger how often it is used 
in preference to any other name. In Nos. 51, 52 of 
1905, and No. 1, 1906, the writers use "Brethren 
church " thirty-one times, " German Baptist Breth- 
ren " was used only three times, and about the same 
proportion is seen in other issues of the Gospel Mes- 
senger for nearly two years,— since the Carthage con- 
ference. So it is going, and who can forbid it ? 

Many have insisted that the endearing term " Breth- 
ren " should be in the church name. Christ named 
his body of followers "church" (ceclcsia), Lord's 
assembly (Matt. 16: 18). Taking these two terms to- 
gether, we have BRETHREN Church, a harmonious 
combination of New Testament terms. 
Hagcrstown, Ind. 



Many of the things which I have mentioned about 
Texas in my Mission Wagon articles have, I suppose, 
been of such as nature as to make many of you pity 
the people of Texas and thank- the Lord that you are 
not there. The spafsencss of the population, the long 
distances which many must travel to see their neigh- 
bors or to get to market, the absence of churchhouses 
and other conveniences of which settlers in a new 
country must often be deprived, have been mentioned 
not by way of a hint that you had better not come to 
Texas, but in the effort to give a true statement of 
actual conditions and to help you to appreciate what 
the Lord's work means in a new country. 

But it is perhaps not fair to the Panhandle country 
not to say some good things about it that I have not 
vet mentioned. It is rapidly undergoing the transition 
from a grass-and-cattle to a farmer's country. The 
long-horned Texas steer, of which it has been said 
that his vitality was all in his head, is rapidly giving 
place to the well-bred Hereford. The large ranches 
are being cut up into smaller tracts and sold to farm- 
ers. Thousands of acres of virgin sod are being bro- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 

ken and put under cultivation each year. New school- 
houses are going up and other conveniences of civil- 
ized life and a settled country are being introduced 
all over that land. By the use of dry fanning meth- 
ods the cultivation of the soil brings excellent returns. 
In fact, the matured crops that I saw being harvested 
were a great surprise to me, and but another instance 
of the industry of man making the desert blossom as 
the valley. 

On Dec. 28 as the train sped us away to the south- 
west across that wonderful and magnificent " Staked 
Plain " country, the habitations of men appearing 
farther and farther apart as we proceeded to the 
southwest, I thought of the millions of undeveloped 
resources there and reflected that so far as material 
is concerned, there is nothing which that country needs 
so much as men. Prices of land are rapidly advancing, 
but are still quite low, considering the advantages 
offered, and hence many are hurrying to occupy it ; 
and here indeed is a wide-open door for missionary 
endeavor, and here the Lord's work too has need of 

But now it's New Mexico. We are in the famous 
Pecos Valley, perhaps the only country in the world 
where any considerable amount of land is irrigated 
from artesian wells. It is quite picturesque to see 
here and there these wonderful fountains giving a 
perpetual flow of hundreds of gallons of water per 
minute and throwing it eight or ten feet above the 
surface of the ground, and the pretty little artificial 
lakes that serve as reservoirs where water is stored 
till it is needed in the crop growing season. Farther 
down the valley the United States government has 
purchased and will develop an immense irrigation sys- 
tem by which water will be brought by canal from 
the mountains and hundreds of thousands of acres of 
arid land will be made fruitful. 

Parts of this valley have been under irrigation for 
years, and magnificent crops of alfalfa, grain, apples 
and other fruits are being produced; but much of 
the development both by artesian and canal irrigation 
is late and new. In fact, this little town of Lake 
Arthur is so new that it was' with difficulty that we 
got in. There being no really comfortable house or 
rooms for rent, the rent asked for the two or three 
barn-like box cabins that were vacant seeming to us 
unreasonably high, and tent life being recommended 
to me by physicians, we purchased an old tent, size 
twelve by fourteen feet, with a plank floor and board- 
ed up two feet high around the sides, and moved in ; 
and here, for the first time since we left Kansas City 
last spring, we are living to ourselves and keeping 
house! Should a photographer pass and make and 
show you a picture of the camp as it now is, some of 
you would pity us, some of you would laugh at us, 
and most of you would decide that you'd rather not 
live that way. But how I wish you could enjoy with 
us this magnificent sunshine! Here I sit and pen 
these lines this fifth day of January, my coat off, the 
tent door open and not enough fire in the little stove 
to boil coffee, and everywhere outside is God's beauti- 
ful, glorious sunshine. May he use it to shine dis- 
ease out of my body and strength into it, and for this 
I am hoping that many of you will pray. 

But how about the Lord's work? Would he be 
pleased to have me give up work for him while I try 
to get health? As I talk to him about it, he seems 
to say as long as I can work, I should gladly do so 
up to the measure of my strength ; so, whether in Tex- 
as or New Mexico, I want to be used of him for serv- 
ice. And what a field for service, too, here in New 
Mexico! A territory of 122,580 square miles of moun- 
tains, valleys and plains of wonderful and diversified 
resources, with a population in 1900 of 195,310, and 
thousands of people pouring in annually, attracted by 
the products of the mines and rich irrigated valleys, 
with 2,125 miles of railroad along which are a num- 
ber of cities of considerable size and importance, with 
new towns springing up everywhere, many of them 
without any churches at all, into many others represen- 
tatives of other denominations hurrying in order to 
gain the ascendancy; and in all this vast territory 
there is not a single organized church of the Brethren. 
To the writer's knowledge there are in the entire ter- 

ritory but fifteen people of the Brethren's faith, self 
and wife included. Nine of these reside at Dexter, 
a new town seventeen miles north of here, and six 
here. Should there be others anywhere in New Mex- 
ico I would be very glad to receive their names and ad- 
dresses. Here at Lake Arthur, Bro. D. A. Gordon 
has been keeping up an appointment every two weeks 
and the Brethren figure prominently in the union Sun- 
day school. At Dexter the Brethren seem to have 
good prospects of a churchhouse within the next few 

These members are new settlers in a new country, 
unable at present to do much outside the support of 
their families, and, being scattered as they are, it is 
probably not wise to organize a church just now; but 
" where two or three " are so minded, I suppose it is 
always timely to somehow organize for work, if or- 
ganization will in any way facilitate the work. And 
in this belief the members of New Mexico have organ- 
ized themselves into what is to be known as the New 
Mexico mission, officered by ministers D. A. Gordon, 
of Lake Arthur, E. E. Brunk, of Dexter, and the 
writer. We have the field, and in this field the time 
for work is " right now." May many prayers ascend 
in behalf of the Lord's work in New Mexico! 
Lake Arthur, New Mexico. 



A writer in a recent article in the Messenger, in 
making a review of the work done by our Brother- 
hood during the past year, concluded his article by 
implying that the Brotherhood had one thing seriously 
to consider. 

It was implied that not enough of our young breth- 
ren are looking and preparing for the ministry as a 
life work. This fact cannot be denied, and should be 
a subject worthy of thought and action ; not only by 
persons who are qualified to assume this responsible 
and Christlike mission, but it is worthy of thought 
from mothers, fathers and the laity in general, regard- 
less of age or official position. 

It is not our purpose to criticise unjustly or to com- 
plain unduly of present existing conditions. We are 
optimistic and believe right will in time work out in 
all things; but men are God's agents to bring this 

We believe the home influence the greatest ruling 
factor in this subject, upon the young men, as it is 
the ruling factor in every other human characteristic. 
The impressions left upon the young child in early life 
are the most lasting ones. Little does the mother 
think that, even before the child is able to speak, 
there are being formed impressions upon the mind 
that are life, or eternally existing. As the little boy 
becomes older and the idol of the home, he is given 
every possible advantage for development according 
to the parents' conception of development. He is usu- 
ally taught kindness, obedience, reverence, and often, 
but far too much neglected, he is taught Christ. Too 
often the morning worship, if conducted at all, is one 
of haste, not the quiet devotional outpouring of love. 
We believe if every Christian mother would take her 
boys under the age of ten upon her knee and into her 
confidence, tell the simple, matchless story of the 
Christ life, tell them that the ministers, even their 
own, are the men who are the greatest men living, 
and give the ministers their due honor, — we believe 
if mothers to-day will do this for five minutes each 
day and do it in the Christlike spirit and live it out, 
in twenty-five years we will have a noble host of de- 
voted ministers. But too often this is omitted; in- 
stead of this, from father he learns the price of cattle, 
the markets, the way to get richer. And too often he 
learns and looks upon morning worship and the re- 
ligious services as a kind of monotonous necessary 

With the present home training the average young 
man longs for the time when he " becomes of age." 
He is taught that then he can " make money for him- 
self," and if he can be induced to stay at home until 
this period has arrived, he has planned for his future 

money-making career. The natural result is, he has 
made arrangements to carry out these plans and any 
exterior. or objective influence which attempts to 
change these plans will have to change a life psycho- 
logically. In the present age of commercialism it is 
easy for him to launch out into some successful busi- 
ness career. And the professions outside of our min- 
istry are offering alluring inducements. The natural 
result, based upon average home training, is that he 
is called to an altogether different life work than that 
of the ministry. 

Again, the majority of our young men who are apt 
to be called to the ministry are country bred. They 
have push, vitality, and intellectual capacity, and with 
these naturally comes the desire to achieve the highest 
possible success. Their conception of success must 
necessarily be based on their training and observation. 
And, brother, what are you teaching as to this stan- 
dard of success? Too often in our homes success is 
measured by the dollar. The conception of ministers 
is often that of an average man of the community, a 
poor man, who preaches poor sermons, unpaid in mon- 
ey or honor, even Godlike honor, usually picked at 
or at least very seldom upheld to the young as the 
leading man of the community. The result is that 
few look to the ministry as their chosen life work. 
Many accept the ministry with the conception of it 
that they have by observation. Often it is considered 
as a human-imposed responsibility, and naturally such 
seldom rise above their predecessors. 

We do not wish to say the above is universal, but 
it is far too much so to be conducive to our ministerial 
force. Here is a notable exception. At present we 
know a brother of moderate means who is giving his 
life's vitality preaching to the various churches in 
central United States. He is a college man, has ex- 
cellent executive ability and could command a lucra- 
tive position in the financial world. He preaches to 
congregations worth hundreds of thousands of dol- 
lars and receives as an average less than two dollars 
per day as compensation. But he has gone above the 
average human conception, to the Christlike, and the 
result is his life and home are examples; his little 
boy on being asked what he expected to be when a 
man replied, "A preacher." We do not doubt that 
the mother of that home is nobly carrying one-half 
the burden of that minister. 

Again, we know of aged ministers of congregation 
who have grown gray in the service of the local 
church, while their members have grown fat in world- 
ly goods. And there are to-day in our Brotherhood 
men who are excellent speakers and " stand as monu- 
ments full of God's love," who are not devoting their 
time to the ministry, as they believe they should have 
due compensation if they deprive their families of their 

We do not wish to speak in any way disparagingly 
of the ministry. To one who faces the problem square- 
ly, even on the intellectual side, regardless of the di- 
vine sanction, the ministry must be regarded as the 
highest profession of man. 

We believe the time is coming when in God's way 
this present want will be supplied. And perhaps many 
will think there is nothing in this early home training, 
that he who is called to this holy office should accept on 
command. Perhaps it is not Christlike to bring in 
the above, but, brother, it is humanlike, and many 
of us are still to a great extent on that basis. We hope 
and believe the time is coming when mothers shall 
teach, fathers practice, and the rich show with their 
money a more due emphasis of the pulpit; then in 
our estimation shall our Brotherhood reap an abun- 
dant harvest of spirituality. 

McPherson, Kans. 



Reference is had to the Upper Peninsula of Mich- 
igan. It is called " Upper " because it is the farthest 
" up north " part of the State, being cut off entirely 
from the southern part, which is also a peninsula, by 
Lake Michigan, the Strait of Mackinac, and Lake 





Huron The writer is living here now, and in this 
article proposes to note a few things which are un- 
familiar to most of the Messenger readers, and which 
are peculiar to this region, compared with other places 
where the Brethren have settled. 

In the first place, there is an entire absence of pe- 
culiarities which are thought to exist. For instance, 
the reader situated in a more southern latitude, at the 
very thought of the Upper Peninsula, these wintry 
days shrinks into his woolens, and shivers run down 
his back, while he says, " How cold it must be there ! 
But a study of the map shows that this peninsula is 
pinched in between Lake Superior on the north, which 
is a body of water 157 miles wide and 412 miles long 
and Lake Michigan, on the south, which is 84 by 301 
miles And when we reflect that the temperature of 
these lakes averages considerably above freezing it 
will be understood why the winters are little, if any, 
colder than Iowa or northern Illinois and Indiana. 
And that this is not mere theory is shown by the 
United States weather bureau records for some twenty 
years or more. 

Again, one is apt to think of it as a very new coun- 
try and going through on the train makes you think 
it" too But it has been settled many years, and there 
is hardlv a section which has not been impressed by 
the hand of man. But most of it has been by lumber- 
men who cared little for the riches in the soil while 
they devastated the land of its timber. It is new in an 
agricultural way, and is just on the verge of great 
agricultural developments. But well graded roads are 
the rule, and rural telephones are quite common, while 
barbed wire is the usual fence material, notwithstand- 
ing the abundance of timber yet. The common run 
of vehicles in the winter are factory-built sleds for 
hauling, and up-to-date sleighs with bells a-jmgle 
for driving, usually drawn by splendid horses. 

But there are peculiarities in the ways of the coun- 
try one would not readily surmise. For instance, that 
of winter road making. For you know steady sleigh- 
ing is looked for through most of December until the 
last of March, and in order to have the best roads in 
the world during this time a winter road-making sys- 
tem is in constant operation. The roads are kept 
plowed by great, wide snowplows drawn by several 
teams. Then they are rolled from time to time, to 
keep the surface hard and level. 

The roller itself is quite a machine. It is built on 
the plan of the common farm roller, with two hollow 
sections. Each of these sections is about four feet 
long, but instead of being about two feet high they 
tower in the air more than six feet. An ordinary man 
can stand upright in the hollow of the section. The 
frame which holds the sections permits adjustment, 
so that the rollers may be spread eight feet apart 
when desired. The rule is to go over a road with the 
sections together, and return to the starting point with 
them spread to their fullest extent, thus making a road- 
bed sixteen feet in width. 

In operation the roller is drawn by from three to 
four heavy teams, and it keeps the center of the road, 
turning out for no one. Then woe unto the heavily 
loaded team which is caught at a poor place to turn 
out. But as the roller and driver towers about ten 
feet into the air, and the roads are straight and com- 
paratively level, the teamster can usually select a good 
place at which to pass, where he patiently waits for 
the roller to come by. 

This well illustrates the plans that are made to 
make the winter season the best of the year, which it 
is regarded by many. Plenty of firewood, warm sta- 
bles and barns, sheltered feed, and appropriate cloth- 
ing keep away all terrors of wintry weather. Many 
of the farmers who are paying for their homes work 
the entire winter in the lumber camps, at good wages. 
They have a special footwear which is light and wa- 
terproof, by which' the feet are kept as " warm as 
toast " the whole day long in deep snow. Snow shoes 
are not used much, as the roads are kept open in the 
woods about the lumber camps, as well as on public 

Public schools are as in other places, except that 
here dogs attend, as well as children. In the graded 
school where our children go three or four dogs in 

the schoolroom is a common affair, and none are dis- 
turbed unless they fight, when they are invited into the 
hall to have it out together. Our Irish setter, " Billy," 
apparently thought he had reached the dog's heaven 
when he went to school and had the chance to " shake 
hands" with the members of a class which was re- 
citing. A well-behaved dog is even tolerated in church. 
As an instance, the other day there was a Catholic 
funeral service and the church was crowded. Several 
dogs came in. As they passed along the aisle several 
men grabbed at them or gave them a kick as a re- 
buke, when the priest stopped in his service to say, 
"Oh, let the poor dogs alone. They are not hurting 
any one and are till right." The general nods of ap- 
proval showed he had touched the hearts of his audi- 
ence. And why not, when the dogs had faithfully 
followed the corpse for ten miles ? 

Another peculiarity is the way game laws are en- 
forced. For instance, deer are protected except for 
twenty days in November. Then train loads of hunt- 
ers swarm in from the lower peninsula, and other 
States, but must stop shooting at the-e -lose of the 
season or pay a heavy fine. But the sei.S-rs, inter- 
preting the law as meant for outsiders, shoot at all 
seasons. They are plentiful, too, a herd of a dozen 
passing the edge of this town the other night. The 
writer was invited to a party of four, the other day, 
in a deer hunt. Was there danger of the law ? Oh. 
no ! In the party was an exemplary Presbyterian min- 
ister and the town constable ! 

As a mission field, there is a tremendous lot of work 
needed. It is not like in a new country where people 
flock to preaching if they have a chance. Dances are 
more to their notion. Probably the greatest hope is 
in the children, who can be reached pretty well by 
the Sunday school. It is evident to me that the Breth- 
ren who should settle in this country will do well to 
make every effort to mass their forces. This for their 
own good and for the good of the people about them. 
Sunday schools can thus be made to thrive and the 
laity do a noble work for Christ. 

I will be glad to aid those who contemplate settling 
in the Upper Peninsula all I can, to group together in 
a satisfactory way. I have-made a thorough scientific 
study of the climatic and soil conditions of the entire 
Upper Peninsula, from United States and state rec- 
ords covering a period of some twenty years, there- 
fore know pretty well what cart be depended upon in 
most sections of the country. 

The bracing air of this climate and the quiet of 
the place seem to be restoring my wife's health from 
the long strain of city mission work, and since we are 
now here I want to aid the country as well as the peo- 
ple who care to lend a hand at it. 
Gold City, Mich. 


BY A. I. MOW. 

With a quarter of a century of experience with 
active Sunday-school work the church should be well 
acquainted with the constitution and meaning of the 
Sunday school. Of educational pursuits it is clearly 
the most important. The question presents itself, 
Why, then, is it so loosely and indifferently conducted? 
The Sunday school was not begun under educational 
auspices. It was devoted to stimulating reverence for 
the Scriptures and Christianity. Its mission and pos- 
sibilities have rapidly and indelibly fastened them- 
selves onto the people. But while it is a permanent 
institution it is not as well defined as it should be. 
For a definition study this: 

The Sunday school is the church teaching her and 
her neighbor? children the Gospel of Jesus Cltrist for 
their salvation. 

To think it in this- way will give better tone to the 
work Every member will recognize himself to be 
an inherent factor, divinely called and constitution- 
ally appointed to service. Every minister will be. by 
virtue of his office, officially connected with the Sun- 
day school. If, on coming where the Sunday school 
meets he finds the superintendent absent when time 
to begin he may (or better, should) at once, without 

further provision, proceed to discharge the duties of 
the absentee. When he knows of a locality having 
no Sunday school that could be profited by one he 
should without hesitation proceed to organize a school 
there. It is certainly the duty of the elder, minister 
in charge or council of ministers to regulate promptly 
any irregularity or remissness of the superintendent 
or any other Sunday-school officer or teacher. 

The custom of letting the class choose its teacher 
is a racy testimony to the liberties enjoyed by the 
children of God, but for best results it is doubtful 
propriety. If our town school would announce that 
the children should all be present the first Monday 
in September to select the teachers for the respective 
classes we would think someone has lost his equilibri- 
um. They are not better prepared in Sunday school 
to select piety and ability. 

With the unhappy method of having the primary 
class and the senior class and all intermediate classes 
doing the same lesson at the same time it is necessary 
that every teacher have special fitness that she may 
impart and develop skillfully. Therefore let me make 
this suggestion : That, since this whole year's course 
in the Sunday school is devoted to the life of Christ, 
every church make a special effort to study the whole 
life of Christ in course alortg with the Sunday-school 
lessons, ft can be done very successfully. 

1. Let devoted, industrious superintendents be elect- 
ed for the year. 

2. Let the most diligent teachers be appointed to 
the classes, also for the year. 

3. Let the ministers, superintendent, teachers and 
all other interested persons form into a life of Christ 
class to meet once a week (or twice, when necessary) 
to study the full text of the four Gospels, (a) Let 
the superintendent or an active minister preside over 
the class, (b) For convenience and economy let the 
class .follow the outline as given in the Harmony of 
the Gospels in the Brethren Lesson Commentary, (c) 
Let sessions be two hours, — one and one-half hours 
given to reading and consideration, (d) Read from 
the New Testament, (e) On blackboard or cloth 
draw a map, marking location to correspond with the 
incident, (f) Divide the outline into fifty lessons, 
and strive to read ahead of the Sunday-school lessons, 
(f) In the outlines underscore the topics used as 
Sunday-school lessons; and in each succeeding Sun- 
day-school lesson, as persons and places occur again, 
review them in memory stories. 

It is of great importance that the person presiding 
does not pose as instructor or lecturer, but sees that 
the program is carried out: (a) Singing and prayer 
for opening, (b) Reading and pondering the Scrip- 
tures, and (c) singing and prayer for closing. The 
leader must decide when discussion must cease and 
the class continue with topics. Better avoid discus- 
sion, and investigate. This work is so important that 
it should be given the lead this year all over the 
Brotherhood. It is the opportunity of a lifetime. Let 
it be improved. 
Weiser, Idaho. 


In the matter of friendship, I have observed that 
disappointment arises chiefly, not from liking our 
friends too well, or thinking of them too highly, but 
rather an overestimate of their liking for and opinion 
of us, and that if we guard ourselves with sufficient 
scrupulousness of care from error in this direction, 
anil can be content, and even happy, to give more af- 
fection than we receive— can make just comparison of 
circumstances, and be severely accurate in drawing 
inferences, and never let self-love blind our eyes- 
then I think we can manage to get through life with 
consistency and constancy, unembittered by that mis- 
anthropy which springs from revulsion of feeling. 
The moral is, that if we would build on a sure founda- 
tion in friendship, we must love our friends for their 
sakes rather than for our own.— Charlotte Bronte. 

Who knows what opportunity may come to us this 
year? Let us live in a great spirit, then we shall be 
ready for a great occasion.— George Hodges. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 



He that overcdmeth shall' inherit all things. — Rev. 21:8. 
What a promise to the Christian soldier ! Words 
of priceless value to the advocate of truth in the great 
rewarding day. Varied have been the apprehensions 
by grace. The spell of sin was broken by deep con- 
trition and penitence, and the " strong man " was de- 
throned in the hour of moral contest. The fetters 
of sin were broken and the demons fled at the com- 
mand of our Leader in heaven's warfare, waged 
against sin and infernal power. Death to sin followed 
and a resurrection to " newness of life." 

Some date their yearnings for spiritual freedom to 
blood-stained battle-fields; others amid the toilsome 
pursuits of life. On the farm, in the stirring city, 
and from the watery world 'mid revelling winds and 
beating waves, came up the wail of penitence and the 
sigh for liberty through the medium of the " cross." 
" If I be lifted up I will draw all men unto me." 
" Look unto me, all ye ends of the earth, and be ye 
saved ! " What a consolation, in our woeftil extremity, 
to be attracted by infinite power and sympathy to a 
saving center. " They overcame through the blood of 
the Lamb." " Now is our salvation nearer than when 
we first believed." 

The dense clouds of the long, lone night are des- 
tined to scatter. The morning light will gleam and 
thrill with glad emotions the unwearied contestant 
in life's arena. When our obedience shall be ful- 
filled, our loyalty shall have been tested, "overcome" 
shall be the thrilling, cherished motto of the faithful, 
persistent warrior of the cross. Out of many pious 
homes will emerge loyal workers, who will have toiled 
through the weeping night, — "bearing precious 
sheaves," — as the outcome of burdened care, amid the 
clouds and reverses of seedtime. As in the home- 
stretch of life we are permitted to affiliate with pious 
pilgrims in their earthly homes, we receive many a 
solace on the way, through the burden-bearing years. 
Long and weary were the years of thralldom, gloomy 
the ocean turmoils, the insolence and the abuse of the 
sin-polluted crew, but after all the period of contri- 
tion, ultimately the welcome home, into the embraces 
of a redeemed brotherhood to spend the evening of 
my career in willing toil, to comfort the people of my 
choice, who were the agents of my rescue and culture 
and spiritual advancement. Blessed people! whose 
God is mine, whose Christ purchased the privileges 
I enjoy within the sacred environments of the church 
that I love so well. 

I have felt the patriot thrills for home and coun- 
try ; the cloud of war has vanished, and hostile raids 
have ceased in our own dear America. And may 
this peaceful respite be improved by the most ardent 
Christian toil, — but higher are the grace-redeemed as- 
pirations for the triumph in a kingdom and country 
of untold splendor, a land that is sinless, tearles's, pain- 
less and deathless. As a mutual participant in the 
battles of the militant state, my yearnings are mutual 
for the triumphant condition. " Blessed is be that 
South Bend, Ind. 

"AN ANGEL OF THE LORD."— Luke 2: 9. 


We are very favorably impressed with the im- 
provement in our Sunday-school helps made by the 
placing the differences between the American Re- 
vised version and the Authorized version in such a 
manner as to show at a glance the variations of these 
versions. The truth may be demonstrated again and 
again, that the simple reading of the A. R. V. often 
elucidates the text of the A. V. Let us illustrate. 
In the first Sunday-school lesson of this year the 
Standard version translates the first phrase of Luke 
2: 9, "And lo the angel of the Lord," while the Re- 
vised gives it, "And an angel of the Lord." This is 
a very important distinction because it can be shown 

that the angel of the Lord, when properly translated, 
always refers to the Son of God himself. This being 
true, the A. V. becomes unintelligible to us, for it 
would imply that Jesus as the angel of the Lord an- 
nounced his own birth at the same time he was lying 
1 as a babe in the manger at Bethlehem. The R. V. 
makes it clear that it was an angel and not the Lord 
who made the annunciation. In the New Testament 
the angel of the Lord does not appear after the birth 
of Christ, when properly translated. In the Old Tes- 
tament, the angel of the Lord refers to Jehovah, Jesus 
himself. The A. R. V. translates the word Lord as 

In Judges 13: 18, And the angel of Jehovah said 
unto him, Wherefore asketh thou after my name, see- 
ing it is wonderful? (A. R. V.) Again Isaiah says, 
9:6," For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is 
given ; and the government shall be upon his shoulder; 
and his name shall be called Wonderful'' etc. If the 
name of the angel of Jehovah (Lord) is wonderful 
and the name (j-^'the coming Christ is Wonderful, 
may we r '°VightIy conclude that the angel of the 
Lord of A r e Old Testament is the Christ of the New 
Testament? See also Gen. 21: 17, 18; Gen. 22: 11, 
12, and compare the words of Jesus in John 8: 56, 
"Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day; and 
he saw it, and was glad," with the incidents in Abra- 
ham's life as narrated in Genesis 18. These scriptures 
properly translated seem to make it clear that the 
angel of the Lord before the incarnation was the Son 
of God. After the incarnation, the angel of the Lord 
does not properly appear. Realizing this fact, our 
first Sunday-school lesson was made easy by the 
parallel placing of the two versions. May our Sun- 
day-school literature continue to improve. 
Dayton, Ohio. 



For Sunday Evening. February 4, 1906. 




I was waiting in a contractor's office for an inter- 
view with him. He was transacting some business 
with a colored man. When the man was leaving he 
said, " I'll be back Saturday night or Sunday morn- 
ing." Then the contractor turned to me and re- 
marked, "Talk about me being a Christian; I'm 
busier on Sunday than any other day. These fellows 
work early and late all week, then on Sunday they 
want to do their business." No room for Jesus in 
their own lives and crowding him out from the life 
of the contractor. 

How many of us are letting business or something 
else crowd Jesus out? No room for Jesus in the 
morning— must get to work. No room at night — too 
sleepy and tired. No room in conversation — too much 
else in the heart. No room to plant him in the hearts 
of the children— must feed the cattle. No room for 
him in the purse — must have it all for self. No room 
for him where else? You know. Make room for 
him at once, and your life will be fuller, richer, sweet- 
er, more peaceful and more powerful, more satisfying 
and more spiritual; yea, you shall not be barren or 
unfruitful in the work of the Lord. 

Newport News, Va. 

I. The Need is Sensibly Felt. 

1. We Must Extend the Work in India. 

2. New Fields are Under Contemplation. 

3. Home Missions Need Pushing-. 

4. Results Have Been Gratifying. 
II. The Church is Waking Up. 

1. Increase in Contributions has been Wonderful. 

2. The Church has the Money. 

3. More Teaching is Needed. 

4. Give Everybody an Opportunity. 
III. How Proceed to Raise it. 

1. Practice Self-Denial. 

2. Dig up " Conscience " Money. 

3. Lay by Two Cents per Week. 

4. Keep the Stakes Set and Work to them. 

I. Open your geography at the map of Asia. Place 
lightly the tip end of your little finger on India in the 
vicinity of Bombay. You have thus covered all the ter- 
ritory of the Brethren's mission field there. It costs $250 
to support each mission worker besides the children. 
Multiply this by the number of workers there and see 
how much it requires for them. What about the rest 
of that vast territory? Shall it continue to lie idle, or 
will we raise the $100,000 towards working it? What of 
the priceless souls in other fields not yet even entered by 
us? The success in India ought to encourage us to 
greater undertakings. 

We need more young brethren and sisters who will be 
willing to enter the many neglected home fields in the 
sunny South; in the bleak North; in the cultured New 
England States; the limitless West, and yes, right in our 
own home neighborhoods. 

II. Contributions of money will increase in proportion 
to contributions of self. Therefore " Who will be the 
next?" The Brethren church i« wealthy and willing to 
give bountifully if rightly taught and encouraged. Elders 
and pastors should instruct frequently and tactfully in 
this line. 

III. "The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof." 
We are his stewards. Are his riches, so kindly entrust- 
ed to us, all to be squandered on self, or are we going 
to "lay up treasures in heaven" with them, by helping to 
raise the $100,000? Practice systematic and cheerful giv- 
ing. Give your tenth or more. 

(Recitations, quotations, songs and scriptural texts on 
giving ought to be used in connection with this subject. 
Then let every society take up a rousing collection ac- 
cording to previous arrangements.) 


For Week Beginning February 4, 1906. 
"THIS ONE THING I DO."— Philpp. 3:13. 


Those who have least are likely to give most. In 
a well-known story, one of three characters who are 
in need, and are seeking shelter for the night, answers 
the doubt of one of his companions as to whether they 
may hope for anything of a poor artist to whose house 
they came, with the words, " Oh, you do not know 
the world as I do. The poorer the better, for us." 
And it is a dismal truth that the more people have, 
the less ready they are to take" the needy in. They 
may be ready to give to charity organization societies, 
but they are .not ready to touch need with their own 
hands, or to bring it into their own homes. What an 
abuse of our privileges if increased power to do good 
is allowed to deprive us of the joy and duty of doing 
it ourselves ! — S. S. Times. 

I. The Object of Our Efforts. 

1. A knowledge of Christ, and all that it means to 
us. 1 John 5:20. "We may know him" — a bless- 
ed fact, dear to the child of God. To know him 
is life. 

2. Having fellowship with him in his sufferings. 
Philpp. 3: 10. To have fellowship means close as- 
sociation. We must be partakers of Christ's suf- 
ferings, to share with him his glory. 

3. Remembering Christ's great sacrifice for us. 1 
Cor. 5:7, 8. "Sacrificed for us." Why? Because 
God loved us, and spared not his only begotten 

4. Realizing the power of his resurrection. 1 Cor. 
15:20-22. "In Christ shall all be made alive." 
"O death where is thy sting?" Thank God, that 
we are more than conquerors through him who 
loved us and gave himself for us. 

II. How to Attain to the " One Thing." 

1. Forgetfulness of the past — "THIS one thing I 
do." Heb. 6:1-6. Philpp. 3:14, 15. Past efforts 
were, perhaps, well enough, but now the call is 
to go onward, upward! 

2. A definite aim— " This ONE thing I do." Luke 
10:42. "Yes, one only. Concentrate your efforts 
on the one and only important aim. 

3. A reaching forth— " This one THING I do." 1 
Cor. 9:26. A reality to our efforts is absolutely 
necessary. " So fight I, not as one heating the 
air," says Paul. Christianity to-day needs actual 
practice and less theorizing. 

4. A pressing onward — "This one thing I DO." Rev. 
22:14. "Blessed are they that do." After all 
there is nothing that so practically demonstrates 
our faith, as the " doing " of what we profess. 
" Living epistles " are known by what they " do." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 


.... HOME AND FAMILY ««•• 


Brave little woman, trudging along 

Patiently day after day, 
Weaving a garment of shining light 

Out of the clouds of gray; 
Bearing the burdens and vexing cares 

Like one of the saints of old- 
Making the best of a dull, hard life, 

With its miseries all untold! 
Long have I watched her with wondering cy 

Faithful, and sweet, and strong, 
Doing the work that the Master sends, 

Making of sorrow, song; 
Questioning never the wisdom that asks 

Self-abnegation complete, 
Willingly treading the pathway of thorns 
That leads to the Master's feet. 

I see not the dull gray cotton gown. 

That is faded and worn and old — 
But the shining gleam of a raiment white, 

That glistens in every fold. 
1 sec not the brow that is worn and lined 

From the anxious, toiling years— 
But the halo divine that glorifies, 

Giving beauty for ashes and tears! 

Somewhere is waiting a fair, dear day, 

Meet for such infinite grace- 
Somewhere, oh somewhere, fruition will be 
When the angel shall find her place. 
Close to the Father, and hear him say. 
As he tenderly bids her come, 
" Out of the valley of darkness and toil, 
My child, thou art welcome home." 

Now the question comes to us, Are we growing in 
proportion to our opportunities ? It has been said that 
opportunities are like flowers, the oftener gathered 
the more they bloom. Have we improved our op- 
portunities for usefulness in our Christian life as we 
might? Our future life should mean much more to 
us than past experiences. How important, then, that 
we improve every opportunity in the church and Sun- 
day school, that our life may throw out stronger in- 
fluences of Christianity. Our opportunities are offers 
of God, and we are responsible to him for our talents, 
time and opportunities. 
Smith English, Iowa. 


North Liberty, Indiana. 
Since the last report in July we have held five ses- 
sions, meeting the second Wednesday of each month 
for regular sessions. During this period we have 
made twenty articles, including two comforters pieced 
and knotted. We had a total attendance of fifty-four. 
Average attendance of members, nine. Some other 
home work was done, and $1.50 was donated to the 
mission of St. Joseph, Mo. We begin the new year 
with a reorganized band of workers. 

Winnie Cripe, Sec. 

vice-president, Sister Emery treasurer, and Sister Pef- 
fly secretary. We decided to support one of the India 
orphans one year. Rosa Peffly, S-ec. 

1344 Irving St. 

Coon River, Iowa. 
We give a report of the work of the Missionary 
Circle for six months, ending Jan. 4, 1906. Our 
meetings were held every two weeks, making twelve 
in all, with an average attendance of ten. Amount 
of money in the treasury July 1, 1905, was $8.26; re- 
ceived by general collection, $7.27; for work done, 
$11.35. Expenditures during the same time, lamp for 
our church, $3.57; for supplies, $5.28; sent to the St. 
Joseph mission, $5 ; to the Council Bluffs mission, $5, 
leaving a balance in the treasury of $8.03. 

We pieced quilts, knotted comforters, did some fami- 
ly sewing, collected some material and sent two boxes 
to the St. Joseph mission. Though widely scattered 
and having many obstacles to overcome, we feel en- 
couraged, with a growing desire to " work in the 
vineyard " and help each other's burdens to bear. 
" Let your light so shine before men, that they may 
see your good works, and glorify your Father which 
is in heaven." Matt. 5 : 16. 

Bessie Devilbiss, Sec. 

Yale, Iowa, Jan. 10. 



Did you ever stop to think of the many opportunities 
we have of doing good in this life? All the oppor- 
tunities for an unfolding life are ours, and we have 
but to reach forth and embrace them. Not a day 
passes without affording us some opportunity to do 
good. It may be only to speak a kind word or en- 
courage some one who is in trouble. How encouraged 
we feel, when trying to accomplish some difficult work, 
to have some one give us a kind word or a little as- 
sistance. It costs so little, and yet may be worth a 
great deal to some struggling friend and make his 
pathway smoother. 

Opportunity never waits; once lost, it is gone for- 
ever. Especially do we find this true many times 
in visiting the sick, which is a duty as well as an op- 
portunity. We put it off until their life is closed and 
our opportunity is gone. Then there are those around 
us who are perhaps less fortunate than we are. They 
have not comfortable homes and beautiful surround- 
ings, and when we visit them in their homes and see 
how a smile, a few. kind words and gentle clasp of 
the hand will bring a light to the countenance we 
know that these poor people know how to appreciate 

We may think these are " little things," and so they 
are, but it is not always the largest blocks that make 
the greatest show, but quite often the small ones tied 
together that fill the larger place. And great oppor- 
tunities are generally the result of the wise improve- 
ment of small ones. One grand opportunity we have 
is that of working in the church and Sunday school 
and Christian Workers' meeting, for which we all 
are thankful. 

There is a great work for both young and old in 
leading others to a better life, and for our spiritual 
development. In the community there are boys and 
-iris of all ages who need moral and religious train- 
ing. We can invite them to the services where they 
wfll have an opportunitv to leam of Jesus and his 
great love for them, and this may be the means of 
leading them to Christ. Open your eyes and see that 
the door of "golden opportunities" is open before 
us and we must not let them pass unimproved. 
" Do not then stand idly waiting 
For some greater work to share; 
If you want an opportunity, 
You can find it anywhere." 

Payette, Idaho. 
Since our last report we have held twenty-three 
meetings, an average of seven members at each meet- 
ing. Our total collection was $8.16; money for work, 
etc $34.60; left from last year, $1.95; donation, 52 
cents; total, $45.23. Money expended. $44.77. Num- 
ber of prayer coverings made. 18; comforters, 12; 
quilts, 7, etc. We also made a carpet for pulpit and 
aisles of church. 

Tan. 4 officers were elected for the year. Sister Rose 
Snowberger president, Sister Anna Peterson secretary. 
As we look back over the old year wc cannot always 
feel that we have done " what we could." May God 
-rant neater possibilities, higher ambitions, more 
consecrated effort for the upbuilding of his work on 
earth And bv a more united effort we may hope to 
win jewels for Jesus.— Ella Rodabauch, Pres. ; Rose 
Snowberger, Sec. 

Longmont, Colorado. 
This is the report of the Sisters' Sewing Circle of 
the St. Vrain church, ending Dec. 27, 1905. We held 
our meetings in the afternoon, with the exception erf 
one all-day meeting, making twenty-five meetings in 
•ill The average attendance was six, and the average 
collection was twenty-eight cents. We had in the 
treasury at the beginning of the year, $7.17. the 
money received for comforters, quilts and tag carpet 
which we sold, plus the regular collection, was $^7.76; 
amount paid out during the year was $33.02; amount 
on hand, $1.91. 

Although we have not done as much in our circle 
work this year as we would like to have done, yet we 
do not feel discouraged, for we have not only been 
able to relieve the needy to some extent, in our own 
community, but sent a sack of ready-made garments 
and bedding to Denver, Colo.; we sent $1.50 to the 
St Joseph mission; carpeted the rostrum ami put 
matting up the aisle of our home church, ami we st, 1 
have a comforter and some clothing on hand by which 
to help those about us as we see they need them.- 
Blanche Long, Pres. ; Daisy Jones, Sec. 

Denver, Colorado. 

During 1905 the Aid Society of Denver, Colo., held 
thirty-four meetings, with fifteen members enrolled 
and an average attendance of six. We sold our quilts 
and one comforter, made one comforter for a sick 
family and gave one to a poor family ; we gave away 
two hundred and fifty-six garments, seventeen pairs 
of shoes, and other things. 

We received from the Longmont Aid Society one 
quilt and one sack of clothing. We also received 
during the year $8.43; expended $4.30, and have a 
balance of $4.13. We reorganized the society in 
October, electing Sister Shrove president, Sister Stotts 

French Broad, Tennessee. 
Since the organization of our Society, Nov. 9, 1905, 
wc have held eight meetings. At the present time we 
have thirteen members enrolled. The greater part of 
this number attend our meetings every week, but a 
few of our number live some little distance away and 
cannot be with us at our regular meetings. This we 
regret; but we highly appreciate the contributions 
they send to our society. During the past eight weeks 
of our meetings our collection fees amounted to $4. 
We have made two comforters and thirty new gar- 
ments valued at $15, which we sent to the St. Joseph 
mission, Mo. Wc arc now working on the second 
box of clothing. Wc all enjoy this work, and it is a 
great pleasure to meet in each other's homes and do 
what little we can for suffering humanity. May God 
bless this work everywhere to his praise. 

Mollie Satterfield, Pres. 

Conway Springs, Kansas. 

The Sisters' Aid Society of the Slate Creek church 
has been putting forth efforts in the way of helping 
those who need help financially. During the last year 
we held thirty-three meetings, with an average attend- 
ance of eight. We quilted seven quilts, knotted nine 
comforters; amount of cash received was $29.13; do- 
nations in cash were $18 ; paid out for sewing material, 
$10; balance in treasury, $1.13. Our donations were 
given for the benefit of our home ministers. We pray 
that the work may ever prosper here and at other 

, Ida Fkantz. 


Ian. 13. 

Meycrsdale, Pennsylvania. 

The Sisters' Mission Circle of the German Baptist 
Brethren church closed up their work for the year 
ending Dec. 31, 1905. ami with a new organization 
have started out with brighter prospects than in the 
past for good work during the year 1906. During 
the year 1905 we have had in the treasury $138.45, 
out of which was paid to the Brooklyn church, $34; 
to the support of an India orphan, $16; for Bibles for 
Sunday-school purposes, $10; for other good and 
noble purposes, $19.25 ; and for material, $28.88 ; which 
left us a balance of $30.30 in treasury ; but at a later 
meeting we decided to give $20 to the home mission 
fund We held twelve regular meetings during the 
year 'and have enrolled twenty-three active members, 
with an average attendance of twelve. 

The Lord has blessed this work abundantly. Many 
donations have been made to the circle, while .the cir- 
cle has helped others in different ways.' With a little 
time sacrificed here and there so much good can be 
done if we only keep looking for opportunities, and 
do not close our eyes to them. It is still my prayer 
that in every church this work may be organized with 
a view of becoming more useful in the Lord s vineyard. 
Linda Griffith. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 




Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee 

22 and 24 South State Street, Elgin, ill. 


Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, ill., as Second-ciass Matter. 

The special Bible term to be held at Daleville, Va., 
is to begin Tan. 29 and continue two weeks. 

At Conemaugh, in the Johnstown congregation, Pa., 
a revival was held and eight made the good confession. 
One was restored to fellowship. 

Bro. D. C. Campbell, of Colfax, Ind., is engaged in 
a series of meetings in Los Angeles, Cal., arid several 
persons have applied for membership. 

Any one wishing to spare the July and August 
issues of the Messenger, for 1900, will please com- 
municate with Bro. Frank B. Myers, Mt. Pleasant, Pa. 

A glance at the Brethren Almanac will enable all 
of our readers to see when the Annual Meeting is to 
be held. The date is June 5, and the place Spring- 
field, 111. 

The district meeting of the Second District of Vir- 
ginia is to be held in the Mt. Vernon congregation 
May 10 and 11, instead of April 26 and 27, as previous- 
ly arranged. 

Bro. A. W. Vaniman is engaged in a revival meet- 
ing in Inglewood, Cal. He is delighted with the cli- 
mate on the Pacific coast, and thinks that it may 
prove beneficial to his health. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison is planning to spend the 
coming fall in the Northwest. The churches desiring 
his services should address him at McPherson. But 
from now until late in the spring his time is fully 
taken up. 

Bro. C. B. Smith writes us from Washington, D. 
C. He is very much pleased with the little band of 
earnest believers he finds in the capital. He is to 
visit several other churches before returning to his 
home at Milledgeville, 111. 

Bro. D. L. Miller writes of some good meetings 
being held in Bulsar, India, and reports a number of 
applicants for membership. He is now on his way 
to China. From there he goes to Japan and expects 
to reach San Francisco about the first of April. 

Sister Mary C. Hixson, of Chewelah, Wash., 
writes that her house and most of the contents burned 
in the forenoon of Jan. 11. She was alone with her in- 
valid mother when the fire broke out, but help came, 
the invalid mother was carried to a place of safety and 
a few of the household goods were saved. 

Bro. James M. Neff is not doing like Paul, making 
tents, though he is still living in one at Lake Arthur, 
New Mexico, but says he hopes to get into a house 
ere long. Some members arc settling in that section 
and the outlook for establishing a good Christian com- 
munity is encouraging. 

Last Saturday six students of Bethany Bible School 
visited Elgin. They looked the Publishing House over 
and also saw considerable of the city. They are all 
earnest young brethren, warn to make themselves use- 
ful in the world, and seem to be perfectly delighted 
with the Bible work they are now taking. The church 
needs all of these workers and hundreds of others. 

Bro. I. D. Parker is now engaged in a revival meet- 
ing at New Enterprise, Pa. A number have already 
signified their intention to accept Christ and live the 
Christian life. 


t>. L. Miller. Illinois. 1 I L H. Moore, ■ ■ Office Editor. 

H- B. Brumbaugh. Pa., t Editors. Grant Mahan, Associate Editor. 

BL C. Early, Virginia, 1 | R. E Arnold, Business Manager. 

Advlaory Committee: 

Edward FTantz. Geo. S. Arnold, P, R. Keltner. 

t^r~Ali business and communications intended tor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House. Elgin, HI., and not to any 
individual connected with It. 

The late Bible term at Mt. Morris is reported to 
have been well attended and much interest was man- 
ifested by those who took part in the work. In fact, 
all the Bible institute work at our colleges seems to 
be receiving much more than ordinary attention this 
year. This is as it should be. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison, who is now engaged in 
a series of meetings in Ephrata, Pa., writes us under 
date of Jan. 15, saying, that on that day he had turned 
a new and unread leaf in the great book of time. He 
was seventy years old, and was permitted to enter up- 
on his first period of borrowed time. Our prayer is 
that he may be granted many more years of usefulness. 

Some time ago Mr. Carnegie gave ten million dol- 
lars to pension superannuated professors of colleges 
and universities, with the distinct understanding that 
denominational institutions be excluded. After think- 
ing the thing all over he decided to do still better, and 
gave five million dollars more for colleges under re- 
ligious control. It is good when a man can. have an 
afterthought along wise lines. As a rule men who 
give their best efforts to educational work retire with- 
out much property, hence the wisdom of making some 
preparations for them in old age. It would be equally 
wise if we could in some manner prepare to take care 
of ministers who wear themselves out in the interest 
of the church and then have not enough to keep soui 
and body together when old. They are as deserving 
as the professors of colleges and universities. But 
while Mr. Carnegie provides for the latter it is but 
proper that the church should look after the former. 

Last year is said to have been the most prosperous 
year enjoyed in this country for a generation. There 
were individual failures, of course, but most men in 
business prospered, and wealth on every hand in- 
creased. We all are, or should be, concerned about 
the Lord's work and are made to wonder whether the 
Lord's treasury is to receive any of this unprecedented 
increase of wealth. Men have enlarged their business, 
increased their dividends and added to their bank ac- 
counts, but how many have increased their giving? 
It is to be feared that all the great surplus of wealth 
has gone into banks and bonds rather than into the 
treasury of heaven. How is it with the Messenger 
readers? If you made more money during 1905 than 
the year before, did you give more? Did you give 
as the Lord prospered you? Since you did not give 
any more than you gave the year previous, did it really 
pay the Lord to prosper you? Unless we show a 
greater appreciation for the additional blessings re- 
ceived the great God of heaven may decide to with- 
hold his blessings for a time. The Spirit will not 
always strive with the ungrateful man. 

There are many calls for able ministers to settle 
here and there. All those who desire ministerial as- 
sistance call for an able man. This is natural, of 
course, but it might be well to bear in mind that men 
of special ability are scarce, and that there are more 
places open for such preachers than there are gifted 
men to fill them. It might be better, in a number of 
instances, to look around for a pious shepherd Of 
ordinary attainments. The Lord has more of these 
than any other class and has more use for them. He 
made more common people than any other kind, then 
a majority of those converted are from this class, and 
therefore more shepherds of the common sort are need- 
ed to look after them. We all like to hear able men 
preach, we would like to have them with us each 
Lord's Day, but this cannot be. Not many of the 
wise, great and learned heed the call, hence the short- 
age in the supply. We are not certain that the five- 
talented men always make the most attentive and 
efficient shepherds. They may be strong and brilliant 
in the pulpit, but lack the ability to manage the affairs 
of the church wisely. Big preachers are all right for 
big cities and large congregations, but for the small 
churches, the country work and the new sections give 
us the faithful, earnest preacher of the common sort. 

A few weeks ago we mentioned a worn-out elder, 
who loves the Messenger, is not able to pay for it, 
and who greatly regrets that he would have to part 
with it. A few days later a letter came to the House, 
with money enclosed and instructions to send the 
Messenger to the elder in question. The letter was 
anonymous, but the paper will go each week to the 
aged elder, and we are sure he will appreciate it. 
Why not people engage in more good acts of this 
sort? This is what makes the world seem better. 

■ Along educational lines few men have done more 
work than the late Dr. Harper, of the University of 
Chicago. He commenced young, worked heroically, 
and at the age of nineteen was president of a college. 
But he did not stop there. He continued his labors 
until he became famous the world over as a scholar, 
teacher, author, editor, educational organizer and 
founder of one of the greatest universities of modern 
times, often doing the work of six men himself. His 
parents were members of the Brethren church, and 
Dr. Harper is said to have had a very high regard 
for the Brethren. In some way he got away from 
the religion of his parents, united with the Baptist 
church and died in that faith. 

The time will soon be here when the spring district 
meetings should be announced through the Messen- 
ger. It is important that these announcements be 
made early so the churches can appoint their delegates 
and make the othef necessary preparations. The duty 
of making these announcements devolves on the dis- 
trict writing clerks. Some of the districts hold their 
meetings so very late that it is difficult to get the 
matter, intended for the Annual Meeting, to the Mes- 
senger office in time for it to be published and sent 
to our readers before some of them start to the con- 
ference. It would be well if this could be changed, 
so the district meetings might be held at least five 
weeks before the Annual Meeting. 

On Monday of this week we received letters from 
three able ministers who, with their wives, are from 
home on account of ill health. One brother had to 
search for a better climate on account of his failing 
health, and says he is improving. Another is deeply 
concerned about his wife, and is not certain that a 
change of climate is going to help her. the third 
one found city work too much fot the nerves of him- 
self and wife; they are now in the woods and can be- 
gin to feel that nature is doing something for their 
broken-down nerves. If all these people get well it 
is their purpose to return to the Lord's work. But 
there are others of whom we know nothing, who also 
need rest and help. Some of them cannot leave their 
fields of labor, and must therefore die at their posts. 
Our prayer is that God may bless all of them and 
give them health and strength for the soul saving work 
to which they have been called. 

The Master told Peter to feed his Iambs. The 
apostle doubtless did as he was instructed, though 
we are not told how he did the feeding. Peter was 
permitted to use his best judgment about matters of 
that sort, and we presume that we have a like privilege 
in this age and generation. At least that is what we 
are doing here at Elgin when it comes to feeding the 
lambs of the flock. One Sunday in each month is set 
apart for this special work. After Sunday school the 
little people remain to hear the talk or sermon pre- 
pared especially for them. Last Sunday was the chil- 
dren's day in the Elgin church. It rained nearly all 
day, but that did not. keep the earnest ones away 
from the services. After the devotional exercises one 
of the sisters held the close attention of the little peo- 
ple, and older ones too, for half an hour. The lesson 
was a good one, full of interest and every child got 
the full benefit of it. This is -our way of feeding the 
lambs. Some of the congregations may have other 
ways, and possibly ways that are just as good. The 
different methods are all right, provided they are in 
keeping with the letter and the spirit of the Gospel. 
But let not the lambs be neglected on account of meth- 
ods. Peter was instructed to feed the lambs and so 
are we. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 


Sister Mattie Anderson writes us from Smith 
River, Del Norte Co., Cal., saying that she is the only 
member residing in the place, and that she would be 
much pleased to have the Brethren open up mission 
work in that part of the Northwest. Smith River is 
on the coast, in the extreme northwestern part of the 
State where the frontier life is still the common ex- 
perience. It might be well for some of our people 
who desire to locate where they are needed, and where 
they can help build up a church, to look up the place. 
Further information may be had by writing the sister. 

There are different departments of work in India, 
but the industrial, just now, is especially encouraging. 
One year ago $300 was invested in machinery and a 
shop and industrial school opened in Bulsar for the 
training of the natives along mechanical lines. The 
Brethren found ready sale for all of their manufac- 
tured articles. About a month ago the government in- 
spector came to see the little industrial institution, and 
was so highly delighted with what is being done that 
he made a most favorable report, and as a result an 
appropriation of about $700 was made for the Amer- 
ican Industrial School at Bulsar, and the best of all, 
this appropriation is to be an annual affair. This will 
enable our Brethren in charge of the institution to 
train dozens of young men and women along indus- 
trial lines and thus prepare them to not only make 
their own living, but to help build up the country. 
Then the Brethren at Bulsar are to Wild a meeting- 
house and schoolhouse combined. This means much, 
for the natives of India need education as well as re- 
ligion In fact religion, education and industry should 
oco hand in hand, first convert the heathen, then 
educate thetn and next teach them how to work with 
their own hands arid brains so as to help themselves 

arid others too. . 

In this issue Bro. L. W. Teeter has something to 
say about the church name. This he does it) view of 
the fact that i query on the subject is to be presented 
at the next Annual Meeting. Then he gives some 
.rood advice, when he suggests that our people per- 
mit the church name question to rest for the present. 
In our judgment this would be the proper thing to do, 
so fat as the Messenger is concerned. Last year the 
question was very thoroughly discussed in our col- 
umns, and for the present we think this might suf- 
fice If we let the question alone it may practically 
settle itself inside of a few years. In our church liter- 
ature we call ourselves Brethren. In other publica- 
tions, secular papers, religious papers, magazines, his- 
tories, encyclopedias and dictionaries, from one end 
of the continent to the other, We are designated as 
Dunkards, or Dunkers, with indications that Dunker 
will prevail. We can go on with Brethren; others, 
in spite of all our efforts to the contrary, will keep 
on writing about us as Dunkers. The world will not 
crive up Dunker, and it can be depended upon that we 
are not going to surrender Brethren, whatever else 
there mav be to our name. In time it may be Dunker 
Brethren, or even something else, but the Brethren is 
here to stay. It is the other part that has to be settled 
and it may require time to do it. A few years may 
clear the atmosphere. 


While Jesus declared that the gates of hell should 
not prevail against the church, Matt. 16: 18, still once 
large and flourishing congregations have gone out ot 
existence This has also been true of churches em- 
bracing a wide extent of territory. There have been 
periods when the whole body seemed to hang m the 
balances, but the Lord has always come to the rescue. 

But we are not to discuss the decadence question, 
as it applies to Christendom the world over, but rather 
as it applies to the Brethren fraternity. We shall con- 
sider some causes that lead to decadence in local con- 
gregations as well as in the church at large. We 
may trace the decline of churches to one of three lead- 
ing causes, and sometimes to all of them : 

1. Weakness in leadership. 

2. Internal dissensions. 

3. Emigration. 
To overcome the first we need methods for de- 

veloping, encouraging arid making the best possible 
use of faithful and efficient leaders. Without wise 
and skillful leadership everything must prove a 
failure sooner or later. So far as the human is con- 
cerned it is the master wheel of church machinery. 

The second often depends upon the leadership in 
the local congregation. The leader who is wise and 
efficient mav keep his congregation in a healthy, work- 
ing and growing condition. Yet, in spite of his ef- 
forts there may be jealousies, friction and other dis- 
orders that are sure to weaken and eventually cause 
the downfall of the church as a body. A small church 
that is spiritually healthy, active and in union will 
succeed. But one that is full of dissensions cannot, 
however large or wealthy it may be. Nothing can 
long exist that is internally weak. 

The third cause may affect the church locally, but 
need not, and should not, weaken the church as a 
whole If those who emigrate prove to be good, faith- 
ful working members they ought to be the means of 
building up two churches to one that may have to be 
disorganized on account of their removal. 

We turn again to the first cause, for that figures 
more largely in church decadence, or church growth, 
than any one thing that can be named. Greece, once 
the pride of the world for art, literature and freedom 
came to her doom for the want of competent men of 
whom to make efficient leaders. The men who made 
her glorv died. They left plenty of other men, but 
not of their kind. The, mighty Roman Empire de- 
clined and fell, not because she did not have plenty 
of men and money, but because there was a dearth 
in leadership, as well as there were corruption and 
dissensions within. 

The church under the management of the apostles 
moved forward and accomplished wonders, for there 
was fine, loyal leadership. They were followed by 
men of great power and commendable loyalty. But 
then came a change in leadership. Men who sprang 
to the front ceased to be loyal to the apostolic religion. 
Thev were great leaders, but not wise and holy teach- 
ers This led to corruption and weakness, and the 
next chapter in church history deals with church de- 
cadence, to be followed by the dark ages. 

If we as a body would work and fortify against 
church decadence we must keep the best, the most 
loyal, the most holy and the most efficient men we 
have to the front. This must be done in the local con- 
gregations as well as in the state districts and the 
Brotherhood at large. 

We should have the best men we can find ,n the 
eldership, in the ministry and filling other official posi- 
tions. We should have them in the Sunday school 
and other departments of church work. Only he 
best elders, the most faithful and the most skillful 
should be sent to the Standing Committee. Select 
your delegates to the Annual Conference from the 
most trusty and efficient in the congregation. 

Our mission cause, as well as every other important 
church work should be managed by men of the mos 
S and efficient type. Work the faithful, the loyal 
and competent forward to manage your publishing 
interests. Only men who are known to be faithful 
rue to the chinch and her principles, and competent 
as educators, should be entrusted with the manage- 
ment of Brethren schools. Our people have money ,n 
h missionary department, in the Publishing Hem 
and in our schools. Then the future of the hurch 
mainly to be molded by these forces, and for these 
reasons, as well as for other reasons, these departments 
"church interests should be entrusted to men of pro- 
ficiency, men who will stand by the church and her 
accepted principles. 

Our Bible schools, Bible institutes, Bible terms and 
Bible departments should be in charge of none but 
faithful men, who have the ability and willingness to 
teach others the gospel principles. 

Do all this, and even more along the same line and 

the question of church decadence, so fa, : a s .1 : «*ta 

to leadership, is settled. And we may add, that with 

n the right kind of leadership, in all the departments 

referred to, it never can be settled in the interest of 

the W tentoving men to the front two things must 

be kept in view ; their loyalty and their efficiency. A 
man, as a leader or head of a department, may be 
faithful, and yet not efficient. Then, on the other 
hand, one may be efficient as a leader or manager, 
and yet not loyal to the church and her principles. 
In either case there can be but one result, and that is 
church decadence. To entrust our mission work, our 
publishing interests, our educational interests and Bible 
training generally to men simply because they are 
loyal to the church, without any regard for their emi- 
nent fitness as leaders or managers, simply means 
church decadence of the most deplorable type. Then 
again, to select men solely on account of their ability 
as leaders, heads or managers, without due regard 
for their adherence to the church and her accepted 
principles, also signifies, sooner or later, church de- 
cadence of a far-reaching character. 

Hence the sure remedy against the conditions that 
have in the past proven so disastrous to other re- 
ligious bodies, is to introduce methods for producing 
true and efficient workers. We need them in the 
eldership, in the ministry, in the Sunday school, in the 
mission work, in the publishing interest and in our 
educational work. We cannot do without this loyalty 
and this efficiency. Without them we cannot prosper. 
They are essential to our very existence as a church. 
If we have elders who will not faithfully teach and 
carry out what the Gospel requires, and are not ef- 
ficient leaders and shepherds, what can we expect of 
the churches? If our mission cause is not ably man- 
aged so as duly to respect the principles and wishes 
of the church, and do efficient work, what can we ex- 
pect but a failure in mission efforts? If our Pub- 
lishing House is to send out literature not in keeping 
with the doctrines, principles and genius of the Breth- 
ren church, what can you expect but that the church 
should sooner or later depart from her long-estab- 
lished doctrine? 

If our schools are to send out into the churches 
hundreds of talented young members, so trained as to 
ignore and disrespect the distinctive features and doc- 
trines of the church, what can you expect of the 
church but drifting off into the popular religious cur- 
rent? If in the Bible departments the principles of 
the Brethren church arc not to be fully and clearly 
taught in faith and prayer, where are we to get our 
leaders and teachers who can be depended upon to 
preach the whole Gospel and lead the people aright? 




I would answer. Yes. In addition, the opportuni- 
ties it affords for culture purely intellectual are not 
mean Those who wait unceasingly upon its service 
ought to wind up the race well rounded out in moral 
and spiritual grace and with intellectual development 
not to be despised. 

The church is primarily a moral and spiritual insti- 
tution It is set for the development of the moral 
and spiritual interests of men's souls. It must then 
recognize every legitimate need of the soul ,n order 
to its highest development and provide for it. It it 
fails in this, it fails in its mission; and when it fails in 
its mission, it ceases to be the church of Jesus Christ 
The church of the New Testament, therefore, must 
actually have in its faith and practice all that is neces- 
sary to develop Christian character, and not only so, 
but there must be in the one body, the church, all the 
good things along moral and spiritual lines that there 
tre in any other organization, or all other organiza- 
tion of earth. It must really embody all moral and 
spiritual good. It must be so to be the church of 

Je Whv then should the members of the church go 
elsewhere for moral and spiritual training? Tha 

lere are some good things in all organizes rf 
every name and order, no one will deny. An orgamza 

ion without anything to recommend it could irtta 

be equal* the church, one and the same thing with 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 

it. But it has many good things. Then, too, the ap- 
proach to the good it has is not without hurtful in- 
fluences; it is not guarded as it is in the church. 

A strong- point against members of the church labor- 
ing with the Y. M. C. A. is that it destroys definite 
conviction. The institution itself endorses every phase 
and form of faith under Christian name. It is Chris- 
tian associati&n, so-called. It is ground where all pro- 
fessed Christians meet in common. It stands for a 
medley of beliefs and the greatest liberality in con- 
viction and faith. What is true of the Y. M. C. A. 
in this respect is true of many other organizations. 
Such teaching and influence vitiate settled and definite 
conviction. Especially is it so in the case of the 

Another point. It divides one's interests. It is so 
in the very nature of the case. At once the Asso- 
ciation competes for the young- man's interest. Rival- 
ry is waged, and in too many cases the young man 
loves the Association at the neglect of the church. 
TlJe tendency is the same as in the lodge system, 
which is a complete monopoly of interest. It has out- 
rivaled the church, home, wife, children, common de- 
cency and almost everything else. 

If you say the Association is a good thing because 
the young man soon learns to love it more than the 
church, the same argument applies to the lodge. Most 
clearly did God never intend that the church should 
have rivals in its field. 

If the good of these institutions could not be had 
without patronizing them, there would be some ex- 
cuse for it. But not so. Every moral and spiritual 
good thing is to be found in the church. 

Everybody knows, of course, that Christians must 
have spiritual food and exercise, else they pine and 
die. The Bible through, the church supplies these. 
The church is charged with seeing that all are thus 
provided for, and to see also that each one uses the 
means provided. Look for a moment at things as 
they stand to-day. 

Never in the history of the church have such facili- 
ties been provided for Bible study both in means and 
methods. Never were the duties of Bible study so 
emphasized as now. There is the public preaching of 
the Word, the Sunday school, the prayer meeting, the 
Christian Workers' meeting, the missionary societies, 
the social meetings, the song service, etc., etc. Besides 
all this, think of the great amount of helpful and in- 
spiring literature published and sent out to the four 
winds every year. Then ask yourself the question 
whether yon need to seek opportunities for spiritual 
training outside of the church. And as the conviction 
comes that the church furnishes opportunity for all 
proper development in things moral and spiritual, let 
the purpose be firmly fixed to give to the church the 
undivided strength of your life. h. c. e. 


The danger line, where is it? Everywhere. Just 
across the safety line. In everything with which we 
have to do in life there are limitations. To go beyond 
these we strike the danger line. Though at first it 
may be unseen, the line has been crossed and the ap- 
pearing of the result is only a question of time. The 
daily disastrous occurrences of life are all in evidence 
that the danger line has been crossed. They are gen- 
erally headed under accidents. But if everybody 

would keep on the .safe side— do you know? we 

would have few accidents to record. Houses are 
burned, cities are destroyed, trains are wrecked and 
lives are lost, ships are sunk and great losses sus- 
tained, all because people persist in crossing the danger 

This line is seen in every phase of business, political 
and social life. In business we see failure after fail- 
ure because those conducting ventured just a little 
too far. They went beyond that which they knew to 
be safe and honest. The results may not follow di- 
rectly or on the heels of the acts, but they come as 
sure as fate. There is a limit beyond which to go 
there is danger, there is loss. These things come not 
in giant strides, but as an insidious foe in stealthy steps 
so as not to alarm till it is too late to retrace. 

The same is true in the political world, as has been 
made evident during the last year. Daring, deception 
and rascality have their limits in their conception and 
the danger line is crossed at the door of entrance. 
But justice and judgment may sleep for a season, yet 
sin emboldened by seeming success never stops until 
it falls into the pit of its own digging. The moral 
atmosphere beyond the danger line is seductive and 
opens the eyes of its victims only when it is too late. 
Dives crossed the danger line while living on earth, 
but seemingly did not know it until he got over on 
the other side — until it was too late to remedy his 
mistake. So it has been with hundreds and thousands 
since. Men in political positions crossed the danger 
line when they commenced forming illegal grounds. 
Their end came in shame and disgrace. Bank presi- 
dents, cashiers and other employes denied their trusts 
by pilfering and using their employers' funds to grati- 
fy their own selfish ends, to grieve and suffer behind 
prison bars. 

Social life has been distracted and made miserable 
by men and women passing over the danger line in 
their intercourse one with another. Friends have been 
made most bitter enemies by saying and doing the 
wrong things in the unguarded moments; by doing 
without thinking or thinking wrongly. How often 
do we hear the miserable excuse, "I didn't think!" 
when it is a duty to think, and think carefully before 
acting and doing. Of old the Lord said: " My peo- 
ple Israel doth not consider." And the same might 
be said of all peoples to-day. Had our people, placed 
in responsible positions in our large cities and in 
States, considered before crossing the danger line 
the late great and far-reaching upheaval in the po- 
litical world would not be recorded in history to our 
national shame. Had the czar of Russia not passed 
the danger line in the ruling of his people, thousands 
and thousands of lives would have been saved and 
millions of debt not incurred. There is a limit be- 
yond which to go is loss and ruin. This limit is the 
danger line. This is one of the leading tendencies 
of human desires and purposes that we all should 
guard against, because we are liable — more — we are 
natural subjects, even in our most ordinary actions 
in life. 

I remember very well, when yet a boy on the home 
farm, my brother and I had the fence making to do. 
Along on a hillside above the meadow was a stretch 
of worm rail fence that occasionally was blown down 
by the storms of springtime. Some forty rods of it 
had been leveled to the ground, and it was our job 
to lay it up. It was the custom to make it six rails 
high and then stake and rider it. After having the 
six rails laid up we were curious to know how far 
we could make the string of fence move by gently 
shaking it at the one end. So we commenced shaking, 
easy at first, but harder and harder as we saw the mo- 
tion pass on from panel to panel. But we passed the 
clanger line and a falling movement commenced under 
our hands, and to our great sorrow we saw this move- 
ment continue until the whole stretch of fence was 
lying down as flat as we found it after the storm. 
Just one shake too many and the danger line was 
crossed. It is the last stick of wood that balks and 
stalls the team, the last straw that breaks the camel's 
back. As we approach the danger line it is only a 
mite in distance, size or weight, and we are over on 
the other side. 

This same danger is found in the church and her 
government. The danger line is seen in extreme lib- 
eralism, and is equally evident in extreme radicalism. 
The danger line is found in either extreme. The 
safest way is found in the middle of the way or be- 
tween the extremes. Just how near we may go to 
either in safety is a problem we should not try to 
solve. We do know that it is safe to keep as far as 
possible from either. The tendency in us all to see 
how far we can go in trying to make others see and 
do as we see and do, is decidedly dangerous. When 
we go just a little too far the danger line is crossed 
and the fence falls. What is the lesson? Always 
avoid extremes by being thoughtful, reasonable and 
doing the right. H . B. B. 


Years ago I was called to the ministry and earnestly 
took up tiie work. I preached the Gospel, did consider- 
able traveling for years at my own expense. I was chosem 
delegate to the Annual Meeting twice, to our district 
meeting repeatedly, and went to these meetings, paying, 
my own expenses in full, the amount for each trip being 
from $10 to $30. I also pay my part of the church ex- 
penses. I have a wrfe and several children and am also- 
in debt. I do not fee! that matters should go on this way. 
What shall I do? Shall I go on as I have been or shall I 
stop preaching until conditions change? 

By no means should this brother quit preaching the 
Gospel. That would be to make an unfortunate con- 
dition worse. In all probability he has been too indul- 
gent with his people. He has trained them along 
wrong lines, and has shown too great a willingness, 
to bear the burden alone and let his members go free- 
From the start they should have been trained to bear 
at least a part of the burden. By all means should! 
they have paid his traveling expenses when sending. 
him as delegate to the Annual and district meetings. 

He should properly care for his family and pay his- 
debts, but the Lord does not want him to quit' preach- 
ing. We suggest that he muster courage, go about: 
his work cheerfully, do less traveling at his own ex- 
pense, but keep up his preaching. We have too few 
earnest preachers now. While keeping up his church 
work he may manage to pay his debts, for preachers, 
like all other Christians, should see that their debts 
are paid. In the meantime let him preach a plainer 
Gospel than he has been preaching heretofore. He 
should preach against covetousness and in favor of 
liberal giving. Let the members understand that while 
the minister helps them spiritually they should help 
him temporally. Instruct them about the importance 
of paying the expenses of every delegate they send 
to the district or Annual Meeting. Let the man not 
be discouraged, but remain hopeful and cheerful, do 
his full duty and trust God for the rest. 

Then he should take the Messenger right along, 
for the paper is the preacher's friend and can help 
him in more ways than one. 

We have scores of churches that have been trained 
along wrong lines in their relation to their home min- 
isters, and the Messenger proposes to help our preach- 
ers to correct these mistakes. The preachers them- 
selves may have been the cause of this wrong train- 
ing, and if so, they must do their part in helping to 
improve the conditions. 

We have no desire whatever to encourage a depart- 
ure from the gospel principles long held sacred by the 
Brethren church, but our people must learn the im- 
portance of helping our earnest ministers in their 
work, where aid is needed and is deserving. Then, 
on the other hand, preachers must show by their con- 
duct, zeal, loyalty, spirituality and fitness that they 
deserve some assistance in their calling. They must 
make some sacrifice in order to bring, about bettei 


We have read of Bethel churches, Bethel colleges 
and Bethel Bible schools, but not until recently did 
we learn that there are Bethel hens in the land. Well, 
there are a number of them near Louisville, Ky. They 
belong, to the ladies of the Bethel Missionary Society, 
and they lay eggs on Sundays as well as on other 
days. The ladies of this society have agreed to call 
their hens the Bethel hens, and all the eggs these 
hens lay on Sundays are sold and the money is set 
apart to support four missionaries in Japan. It is 
said that these Bethel hens do their work well, that 
they never complain and that the Sunday eggs they 
produce almost support the four missionaries. While 
the hens do the work the ladies get the credit, not 
only in this world, but they expect to reap their re- 
ward in the life to come. These ladies can go on 
about their business, taking their ease in Zion or work- 
ing hard just as they choose, or maybe just as they 
can, and the hens will see to it that the support for 
the missionaries is forthcoming. But, after all, who 
is entitled to the credit of supporting the four mis- 
sionaries, the Bethel ladies or the Bethel hens? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 


D. L. ulnxBR, 



_ , „. . , T . Il„___»_„„* of us; but in only a small minority has if become the 

General Missionary and l ract uepanmeni fixed pttrpose of the lieart „ „, c could Drmg s0 „ ]s to 

1 him by tens and hundreds in a kind of triumphal proces- 

sion we should be glad to do so, for there would be glory 
in that. But It is a very different matter when it is suffer- 
ing for one soul without any praise of men. Yet it is. in 
this way that the world must be won for him, that he 
will receive the reward of his sufferings. To what extent 
are we willing to labor and suffer and agonize in secret? 
To that extent will we bring souls to him for whom he 
died. May he help us. c - M ' 


Illinois 1 H. C. Larlv, 
- Indiana | A. B. BarNHAJ 
John Zdck. Iowa. 

When we consider how much more the Moravians are 
doing than other denominations it is but natural to won- 
der why and seek to find the incentive which has produced 
such results in the foreign field. And, strangely enough, 
it is not the great commission, but Isa. S3: 10-12. From 
this prophecy they drew their battle-cry: "To win for 
the Lamb that was slain, the reward of his sufferings." 
Their secretary, Mr. Schweinitz, said: "We feel that we 
must compensate him in some way for the awful suf- 
ferings which he endured in working out our salvation. 
The only way we cart reward him is by bringing souls 
to him. When we bring him souls, that is compensation 
for the travail of his soul. In no other way can we so 
effectively bring the suffering Savior the reward of his 
passion as by Missionary labor, whether we go ourselves 
or enable others to go." 

There is much to consider in this. Christ died for the 
world, for each person in the world. We believe this, we 
krtow it is true; and the question to be considered is 
whether his suffering and death shall have been in vain. 
When we labor or suffer in order to gain some object, 
if we are successful we consider ourselves repaid; but 
when the best efforts are put forth and still the goal is 
not reached there is disappointment, and we cannot get 
rid of the thought that our labor has been in vain. To . 
what extent heavenly beings feel as we do, it is not pos- 
sible to say; but since there is joy in heaven over one 
sinner who repents there can hardly fail to be sorrow 
when the sinner does not repent and when the professed 
saint is the cause of men refusing to accept Christ or of 
men not having an opportunity to know him. 

How is Christ affected by what he sees? His death was 
to be a ransom for all men; and yet, though nearly nine- 
teen cerlturles have passed since his suffering, a very small 
part of mankind are his true followers. To the extent 
that his teaching is not made known of is not accepted, 
to that extent is his suffering in vain. Not because he 
wishes it so; not because he has left anything undone 
which would show how much he loves us; but because 
then will not teach as he said or will not accept what 
he said. We do not krtow, we cannot tell what effect our 
inaction, our negligence, our indifference has upon any of 
the 'heavenly host; but do know that it does not produce 
joy amortg them, and we may be assured it will not pro- 
duce joy for us. And now is the time to give the sub- 
ject serious and prayerful consideration. 

The Moravian Missionary battle-cry is a good one. 
More would be accomplished in the home and foreign 
field if other churches would make it their own; not in 
theory alone, but in fact. All the mottoes in the world, 
no matter how good and true they are, cannot help us a 
particle, even if our walls are covered with them, unless 
we make them a part of our being: they must be in the 
heart and coMe out through the life if they are to benefit 
us and the world. How keenly do we feel the sufferings 
of Christ' He suffered death for every man; that includes 
you and me. But what effect of that suffering or that 
death is shown in your life or in mine? Do we realize 
what it means to the world? Are we willing to suffer for 
him in order that the world may know and accept him. 
Qur lives tell; our attitude toward those who are not 
his tells very plainly. We often see those whose very 
appearance causes a shudder to pass over us. Do we 
think then that Christ died for them, that if he were here 
he would help them, teach them, lead them away from 
their sins and show them the beauty and the glory of 
the better life? We think their cases hopeless. But we 
know that Christ died for the most abandoned wretch 
of them, and it may be our fault that his death was in 
vain in this particular case. It was somebody's fault 
that the suffering of the Lord has been in vain. In many 
instances, perhaps in most in our country, the fault lies 
with those who have sunk so low. They had opportuni- 
ties to accept the truth and live it out in their lives, but 
they would not. But others have not been taught: they 
were bom in sin and have ever been surrounded by sin- 
they know nothing but sin. The church cannot wash its 
hands of them by saying their case is hopeless. God did 
not intend it to be so: it is not so. 

What better thing can man do than help another secure 
the reward for which he has labored and suffered? What 
can we do that will be as good as bringing to Christ the 
souls for which he suffered? That is the desire of each 


Last week occurred the first death in our mission in 
France, that of an old brother, sixty-five years old. who 
was very much attached to us all, and to our little church 
which he had joined two years ago. Although not a na- 
tive of Montreal, he had been living in this neighborhood 
some time. Having no special work, he would engage In 
all, for he was very active and had sufficient self-respect 
about him not to spend his time in begging, as others 
of his age and condition here are sometimes wont to 
do. And so he would either take care of sheep, or plow, 
or dig potatoes, or do gardening for us as he did summer 
before last. He loved our orphans, and all our orphans 
loved Pere Clair. But he died the other day from what 
we think was pneumonia, for. for a long time, he had a 
bad cough which he greatly neglected. 

As his was the first death in our mission, his funeral 
was also the first Protestant funeral Montreal ever wit- 
nessed. His son, being a peddler, could nowhere be found. 
His daughter, mother of seven children and living some 
forty miles from here, could not come. Only the son- 
in-law and elder daughter came. A rough coffin of white 
pine wood, costing twelve francs ($2.40), was made by the 
village carpenter. But as the custom is to cover the 
coffin from the house to the graveyard with a pall, and as 
the only one here is in possession of the nut who, cer- 
tainly, would not have lent it for the burial of a heretic, 
we hastily made one of black, yet plain material. At the 
house where our brother died, I read portions of 1 Cor. 
15, made a short address, and offered a prayer; then the 
procession formed to start for the cemetery. I walked 
at the head, and close to me was the garde-champctre 
or village policeman whom the mayor kindly sent; then 
followed the bier carried, by four villagers; our orphans, 
church members, friends, bystanders and lookers-on. In 
the cemetery, a very short service before a silent, respect- 
ful crowd, and the first Protestant was thus buried in the 
little picturesque graveyard of this typical French village. 
I do not know what the impression of the whole cere- 
mony was on those who witnessed it, for the people arc 
not demonstrative here, and even the son-in-law and 
granddaughter (Catholic themselves), apart from their 
expressions of thanks, didn't say much. But three days 
after a letter, with a very wide black border, came from 
the daughter of our dead brother, i. e., from the mother 
of the large family of seven children whose husband and 
daughter had attended the funeral. She wrote as fol- 

" Dear Sir It is with a broken heart that I wish to 
thank you for the kind words spoken by you at my fa- 
ther's funeral I did not expect that he would be taken 
away so suddenly from us, as he had expected to come 
and spend the holidays here, and now he IS gone and is 
forever swallowed up in the everlasting abyss." 

This poor afflicted woman, whom I have never seen, 
having such a poor conception of death and the fairer 
world (she is illiterate), I immediately wrote her to con- 
dole with her and to tell her of the reality of the hap- 
py land, far, far away." of the Father's house ,n which 
are " many mansions," and all that we have learned from 
childhood, so that when death comes to us it is gam, 
as the apostle said. This little story will give the reader 
an idea of how little the people, in this Catholic country, 
know of the state of disembodied souls after death, ,n 
spite of all they have heard about heaven, hell and the 

P wf close with our best wishes to all the readers of the 
Messenger. May the coming year be a blessed one to 
all of them! May we all strive to do better than in the 
pas,! May we succeed in accomplishing somcthingjor 
Christ and his cause! # ^ ^ 


Winter time is here again, but we have had no cold 
weather yet. The days and nights are gradually growing 
cooler H i* almost selfish to say we hope for cold 
weather, for it means much suffering to our dark-skinned 

br The e young man who has been our teacher has a govern- 
ment position as clerk, thirty miles away by rail. His 
mother weeps and is as much distressed as if he were 
going to another continent. When he came to say good 
by to us he wept. I called on them last Sunday, and they 
were making cakes, or rather very highly seasoned crisp 

wafers, called " papard." They were for his wedding, 
which is to be four months hence. He does not look for- 
ward to it with any pleasure, but takes it as " fate." 
Many caste women gathered at his home to help with the 
wafers. It is hard work, for they pounded the dough as 
our forefathers flailed out their barley. Had they known 
it was for his wedding they would have sung, calling out 
his name and that of the bride-to-be, but this was dis- 
tasteful to him so it was kept a secret. 

This boy believes, we think, and yet because of opposi- 
tion he would not think of becoming a Christian; just 
deems it a hopeless case, and that settles it. He has a 
mother who is very zealous and religious, according to 
their idea of it. She goes to the Mahadav idol temple 
every week, one and one-half miles away, to worship, and 
she has a great influence over her boy. as all mothers 

The patel of Jalalpor made some of these wafer cakes, 
which he thought very fine, and sent some to us for a 
sample, hoping by our recommendation to get a trade 
opened up for them in America. 

There is much plague in Jalalpor. almost every one has 
moved out of town, yet it is following them into their 
tents. "Surely the hand of the Lord is upon them that 
do evil." It is more severe among the highest caste. A 
young man, who was almost ready for matriculation in 
English, died, and his brother has plague also. There 
are deaths daily. Yesterday two women were hastening 
from the station to Jalalpor to attend the wedding of 
a young man. a relative. On the way they met a man who 
told them that the young man was dead, had died of 
plague. They could not believe him, then he said, Why 
should I try to deceive you in such a matter; there is 
nothing in it for me. I just tell you the truth." As the 
truth dawned upon them they broke down and wept. It 
was very pathetic to those who were near. 

Three of our missi6n schools are closed because of 
plague in the villages where they arc located. Another 
has closed permanently, because the people, the maior.ty 
being Mohammedans, objected lo having the children 
learn the catechism concerning Jesus Christ. It was all 
right so long as it was confined to the Old Testament. 

Brethren Miller and Stover gave us a call yesterday. 
Bro Stover was giving some helpful advice concerning the 
work while Bro. D. L. Miller came for a short visit, and 
wo enjoyed it. He is looking well and seems to have 
gained in weight, though they had some Irymg experi- 
ences coming home. 
' It seems to be a custom in India, or a, east an under- 
standing among some, that when they go to visit 
their relatives, if they have enough money to pay their 
fare one way, that is sufficient, for the " dear relative 
will pay the fare home. It is rather trying to our Chris- 
tian boys who are trying to save their wages. 

Bro E H Eby and wife are working day by day on 
the language. They are making arrangements to go to 
Nan od! the capital of Rajpipla stale, in the near future. 
We will miss them much, as we have been together now 
for a year; yet we are always glad to see the work ex- 
panding, and new territories being opened up. 

For two weeks Bro. Long and I have been out in a 
village, living with the people and teaching them^ It is 
Just such work as we came here to do. and it makes our 
hearts rejoice to tell the Old Story, which is ever new, 
over and over again. .**„„_, 

Saturday night there was a noise in town no far from 
us and it was the nearest approach to music of anything 
I have heard here among non-Christians, ft reminded us 
of our children al the orphanages singing together. We 
learned that the new bungalow, a stone s throw from us, 
and the little temple in front, were being dedicated to 
Ram The bungalow was built by a wealthy man in 
Bombay and so they keep up such worship. The cere- 
mony w- to Place an idol in the temple and three in 
",e bungalow. They had feasting for two days, and those 
,o were invited and did not go. paid their part anyway 
As we were passing by on Sunday we stopped to see. 
We Terr surprised to find a fine-looking, Intel .gent man. 
who speaks English, among the other " saints. He said 
"Oh. know about your religion; I Have been educated 
i„ a mission school. Our religions are just '= same s 
"on have Christ in you, so we have Ram in us." We could 
LT"Len," to the las, clause, and that ,s li,s V vbere g ,he 

difference comes in. 

Nov. 5. <s> <8> <=> 


The members of mission boarc 1 met at fo «** 

Bro. Breon, Poms. Kans, ,0 outline w 

T •?' m „Ltes a, w°:''C m ura°edTo S be a dis,rL,ed 
subscription pledges were .o donors to give a 

among the churches to ,b. signed By gf ^^ d 
C ra[s l :' n ,o a X l ' , amo n ;,rt. of t y e hundred dollars per year to 

mission points one a. each point they ^^ ^ 
Burroak, Kans., Jan. 13. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

"As cold \ 

r to a thirsty a 

s good I 

B far country.' 

Glendale church met in council Dec. 30, Eld. Harvey 
Eikenberry presiding. Officers for both church and Sun- 
day school were elected. Bro. F. H. Sine was reelected 
superintendent. Sister Nellie Beaver assistant. Three 
have been received by letter since our last report. — Ber- 
tha E. Furrey, Glendale, Ariz., Tan. 17. 

Glendora church met in council Jan. 13, our elder, Bro. 
J. S. Brubaker, presiding. We held our annual election 
tor elder; Bro. J. S. Brubaker was reelected; Bro. H. R. 
Taylor, of Lordsburg, being with us. Jan. 7, we reorgan- 
ized our Sunday school. Bro. George Detwiler was elect- 
ed superintendent. April 1 will begin our protracted 
meetings, to continue for three weeks, Bro. William Tros- 
tlc to hold the meetings. At the close, April 21, will be 
our love feast.— Clara Yost, Glendora, Cal, Jan. 15 

!1'£- t /< onf ? rence t0 pa * th<! expenses of the meeting were 
™ ; the expenses were SS7.76, leaving a balance of 
l Ja ,°°-. Church officers for the coining vear were elected 
Ephraim Eikenberry Messenger and corresponding agent' 
Sunday-school officers for the coining year are Wm Solt 
superintendent; Ephraim Eikenberry, assistant. Officers 
tor Christian Workers' meeting for half a year An- 
drew Shook, president; Paul Shook, vice-president — 
Myrtle McRoberts, Greene, Iowa, Jan. 16. 

South Waterloo church met in council Jan. 10, Eld. A. 
P. Blough presiding. Four members were received by 
letter. We contemplate a series of meetings for tile city 
congregation during the winter and one for the country 
in the spring. Bro. W. R. Miller gave his illustrated lec- 
tures in the country church in November, and Sister Bix- 
ler gave two weeks' singing instruction in December — 
Samuel Sweitzer, Waterloo, Iowa, Jan IS 



Fruita— Grand Valley church met in council Jan. 7. It 
was decided to divide the congregation into two organiza- 
tions the east one to be known as First Grand Valley 
church; the west one as Fruita church. The Fruita con- 
gregation have chosen the following officers for one year- 
Solicitor for local expenses, Lizzie Ebber; Publishing 
House agent. Sister Penny; clerk, D. C. Glick. Sunday 
school was reorganized by reelecting O. J. Bolenger su- 
perintendent. Our report shows an average attendance 
of sixty-two scholars. Quarter's collections were $11.89; 
birthday offerings, $5.05. We have sent the quarter's sur- 
plus, $11.50, to be used in the mission work at Denver 

D: C. Glick, Fruita, Colo., Jan. 17. 

First Grand Valley.— We met in special council Jan 13 
to elect church officers. At our regular council at Fruita 
it was decided to divide the congregation, the church in 
this locality taking the name of First Grand Valley At a 
former council, Sister Hannah Trissel was given permis- 
sion to conduct children's meetings every Sunday even- 
ing at the time of the Christian Workers' meeting Our 
Sunday-school quarterly report showed an average at- 
tendance of seventy-seven for the year.— Anna L. Bryant 
Grand Junction, Colo., Jan. 16. 

Mountain Home.— We are still isolated from the main 
body of the church over fifty miles, but meet with the 
Brethren every few weeks in worship at Nampa, Idaho I 
was with them a few days during Christmas week. We 
have at this point a few who are inquiring when the Breth- 
ren are going to have meetings here. I believe if we 
could have some doctrinal sermons preached some would 
P" su «< | e<i to join. The Messenger is our only preach- 
"■— D - P- Keefer. Mountain Home, Idaho, Jan. 13. 

Nampa.— Bro. A. I. Mow, of Weiser, Idaho, came to us 
on Christmas day and began a Bible normal, which con- 
tinued for two weeks, holding three sessions each day 
and giving a short discourse each evening. The church 
enjoyed the work very much. Bro. Mow gave us some of 
the most advanced and deepest thoughts on Bible truths 
.that we ever heard.— J. H. Graybill, Nampa, Idaho, Jan. 16. 
Blue Ridge— Jan. 6 was our council. Bro. S. Heitz, 
our elder, was present. Three letters were granted. A 
general reorganization of the Sunday school and Chris- 
tian Workers meeting was effected. Bro. J. F Burton 
was reelected Sunday-school superintendent and Bro 
G V, Robinson assistant. Bro. G. W. Robinson was 
elected, president of Christian Workers' meeting, and Bro 
r?o7„?H S y art f ""-Patient. Bro. G. L. Brown was ap 
" os, « '" three years. The writer was read- 
er? 0,,?,uS el Messenger agent and church correspond- 
ent. Our old beloved Brother and Sister Barnhart were 
E^^liTS/lf T1 ™ ks ^W-T. A. Robin- 

Peoria— I was called upon by the mission board to fill 
the regular appointment ,n the Peoria mission Jan 14 
mi =„d WC ^rOyeda very attentive audience both morn- 
171, evening. Th,s mission is yet quite young, start- 
,n ,h ^ ," V momhs ago. p eoria is second largest city 

citv m f, ?! ^Ti ' he ' a , r8M interMl "venue of any 
city in the United States. In this citv lies a great oppor- 
tunity for doing good. There should be a located min- 
iiVoVui, j'an.lcT " me l ° fHe »° rk - W - D. Neher, 

„*: ™,°™ S -- M ° ur . """e" it was decided to hold a 
series of meetings during the summer in college chaDel 

TT* ° be \ ck i V ilc sc,, ° 01 " not '" s «°i°" E'T T 

B Irout preached for us one week, when other duties 

ings ed for" u s a ra„ y '27 Br0 A Wm ' Lampi " " '° b ^" ™ " 
ings tor us Jan. 27 A committee is at work trying to 

devise some means by which more efficient pastoral wo k 
may be done.-J. E. Miller. Mt. Morris, 111., Jan. S! 
Eel River.— Sunday morning, Jan. 14, at our East house 
he volunteer missionary band, of North Manchester Col- 
lege, gave a very appropriate and interesting program on 
missionary work. Our series of meetings is m progress 

!L ? m.Tr N°„"i T/ KCU $ t' ™^ Swihart-fu'a 
names, K. K. No. 1, Sidney, Ind.. Jan. 16. 

I n^Wfc^r 1 am ".T in a series of meetings in the Kilf- 

cl ,, h "" '„"",' M,,nci e. Ind.. with increasing interest- 

;ng.o h „ OU ,„d f , U Jan 0f ,5 ,ten " Ve li «™'™-»- »■ wfke, iS 

\ wt" Ch j rch m ? in council Jan. 6. with our elder 
Bro OriaXoX ^"^ ^f "" "organized, with 

-oul-cheering sermon.-A. S. Whisler, Udell, Iowa Jan 12 
Greene church met in council Dec 30 W H I h-htv 

i»^^^Sy" b ^^ t ^S 

Interest was good. The collections for meals at our rhi 

Appanoose —Under the direction of the mission board 
of the Northeastern District of Kansas, Bro. Benjamin 
homey, of Navarre, Kans., began meetings at the union 
church, on the outskirts of the Appanoose district Jan 
6. and continued till Jan. IS, preaching fifteen sermons 
One came forward. We feel that much good was ac- 
complished.— J. T. Kinzie, Overbrook, Kans., Jan. 18. 

Kansas City.— Jan. 7 C. S. Garver, of St. Joseph Mo 
came to us and for one week has been assisting our work- 
ers in a revival effort. During the week seven have been 
baptized and several applicants are to be received this 
evening This meeting is being held at our mission in the 
south side of the city. Last evening a young man came 
out for Christ at the church. We decided at the close of 
our meetings to hold a love feast for the benefit of the 
lambs of the flock.— I. H. Crist, Kansas City, Kans., Jan. 

Lone Star.— Jan. 6 we began a revival meeting in a 
schoolhouse in the bounds of Washington Creek church 
Much worldly pleasure hindered the cause, but three have 
already come out on the Lord's side.— C. H Brown Lone 
Star. Kans., Jan. 18. 

,„ La T ne r d '~ 0ur series of meetings closed Jan. 17. Bro 
W. H. Leaman came to us Dec. 31 and preached twenty- 
one sermons One dear soul came out on the Lord's 
side.— Cassie Martin, R. D. 2, Earned, Kans., Jan. 19. 

Neal.— I began meetings here Jan. 7 and closed Jan. 
14. Considering the weather and roads, we had a very 
good meeting. This is a mission point in the bounds of 
the Verdigris church, which is presided over by Eld 
S E. Lantz He has faithfully preached and cared for 
Vra.f ls .° T la ted members for a number of years.— Chas. A. 
Miller. Neal, Kans., Jan. 15. 

Ozawkie— At a recent protracted effort at the Mt 
Pleasant schoolhouse, one social service and nine sermons 
were delivered, the last one being a missionary discourse 
I he meeting closed with a good interest.— H. L. Bram- 
mell, Ozawkie, Kans., Jan. 15. 

Prairie View— Dec 31. Bro. Geo. W. Armentrout, of 
Digliton, Lane Co., Kans., commenced meetings at tins 
church and continued until Jan. 7. Jan. 6 was our coun- 
k S.E Thompson, our elder, was with us. Church 

officers and Christian Workers' officers were elected for 
one year, and Sunday-school officers for six months 
Three were received by letter, and we expect more to 
move here soon.— Katie Roesch, Friend, Kans., Jan 15 

V i Ct, ?- r '7; Tlle Bre thren met in council Dec. 25. our eld- 
er, A. C Daggett, presiding. Our Sunday school was re- 
organized for the coming year, with Bro. Elmer Thomp- 
son simenntendent and Bro. F. A. Wagner assistant. A 
Christian Workers meeting was organized, to be held 
""! Ihursday evening.— Genevieve Winder, R. R No 1 
Waldo, Kans., Jan. 16. 

Wade Branch church met in council Jan. 13, with Eld 
J. E Crist presiding. ] Two letters of membership were 
granted As Bra. Crist is going to move away, he re- 
signed his eldership, and Bro. R. F. McCtine, of Ottawa 
was chosen to take his place. Our Sunday school was re- 
organized, with Sister Emma Myers superintendent, and 
Bro. Isaac Lauver assistant.— Pearl Myers, R. R. 1 Paola 
Kans., Jan. 16. 


i,S T V u dS ° r -^9 n N r v Year we 8 ave 0"t Sunday- 
school children cards and books, also a treat. Thev ap- 
preciated it all. We have three Sunday schools in this 
congregation. We also have recently started a Christian 
f,,",,"/? 6 '! Edgewood, a mission point, which 
is well attended, with Bro. Louis Green for president and 
Bro. Elsworth Englar secretary and treasurer.— Minerva 
Roop, New Windsor, Md., Jan. 13. 

winTeN B e a '! im0re ' -T , , j : boys ' and Sir's' Bible school 
will be twenty years old next month; this part of Balti- 
more mission will be ten years old next month; the South 
Baltimore boys and girls' mission is in its infancy it is 
n-tSS,,!!? w C ? mden St v composed of children 'of all 
nationalities. We have received about one hundred and 
,™ -rj, . du ".ng January. We can use cast-off cloth- 
ing. The twentieth anniversary of the boys' and girls- 
Bible school will be on Feb. 18. We treat the boys and 
girls on this occasion instead of Christmas. We expect to 

m -7., %£? t ""Vk s P iritua "y- -James T. Quinlan, Balti- 
more, Md., Jan. 16. 

Fairview— Bro. David Lytle, of Deshler, Ohio, com- 
menced preaching for us Dec. 30 and continued until Jan 
15, preaching eighteen sermons. The brethren and sis- 
ters were much built up. Two precious souls were bap- 
tized. Our Sunday school continues with increased inter- 
Jan 1.6 attendance— C. W. Stutzman, Blissfield, Mich.. 

Riverside— Eld. A. W. Hawbaker was called here Jan 
3 to anomt Bro. Robert Miller. He is resting well since 
he was anointed. At our council, Dec. 30, Bro." Hawbaker. 
of Copomsh, Mich., was elected elder and the writer cor- 
responding secretary for one year. The writer with J F 
Butler assistant, was elected superintendent of the Sunday 
school for six months. Christian Workers' meeting was 
discontinued for three months. The mission board keepi 
up monthly appointments. The board has also granted us 
a series of meetings, but the time has not yet been set 
?"/ , r "' den ' minister, A. S. Tyson, preaches the second 
Mi h J 16 month—Harvey Good, Gait, 


Deepwater church met in council Jan. 13. Our elder, 
Bro David Bowman, not being present, the writer con- 
j ii, J meeting. One letter of membership was grant- 
ed. We discontinued our Sunday school the fifth Sunday 
of December to open again the first of April— W T 
Bray, R. R. 32, Montrose, Mo., Jan. 16. 

Fairyiew congregation met in council Jan. 13, Bro. j 
B. Hylton presiding. Three letters were granted. Bro. 
David Ennis was chosen for clerk, the writer agent for 
the Publishing House We reorganized our Sunday 
school, with Bro J B. Keeth superintendent, Bro. Ennis, 
assistant. Bro. Wassam, from Peace Valley, Mo gave 
Jan iT sermons '~ Lizena Hylton, R. R. I, Macomb, Mo, 

Glendale— May 14, 1905, through the request of a friend 
we preached at this place, and since that time have been 
preaching each second Sunday, until the last days of the 
old year, we preached Saturday night, Sunday and Sunday 
night We expect from this on to hold three meetings- 
Saturday night, Sunday and Sunday night each second 

„ t, y 'j i.« "%„? p,ace where the Brethren never 
preached before. We are having good attendance With 
a united effort we could do a great work here for the 
Lord. From this on we will have prayer meeting every 
Wednesday evening— F. Gochenour, Prior, Mo., Jan. 15. " 
Idumea— The mission board of the Southern District of 
Missouri and Northwestern Arkansas met at Bro C 
Cline s ,n Fairview congregation Jan. 15. The members of 
the board are Bro. J. J. Wassam, Bro. N. Orcn and the 
writer. Each congregation in the district is to have a mis- 
sionary sermon preached and take up a collection for 
home missions. This collection is not to be counted on 
Jan' r i7" 1 " apportionment— J. B. Hylton, Idumea, Mo, 

Spring Branch— Jan. 12, Bro. T. J. Simmons, of Osce- 
ola, Mo came to our place, and on Saturday Bro. Jas. A 
Campbell of the Turkey Creek church, was here at our 
council. We held a choice for two deacons. The choice 
fell on Brethren J. W. Rash and J. F. Ihrig. Bro J W 
Kash s wife, not being present, will be installed later The 
rest were all installed into office— L. B. Ihrig, Avery, Mo., 


Beatrice— Jan. 13 the members met for council Eld 
Sollenberger presided. Our pastor, L. D. Bosserman! 
and J. E. Young were present. We elected Sunday-school 
officers and planned for more systematic church work- 
also completed- arrangements for the coming of Marguer- 
ite Bixler, Feb 1, for a singing revival. Adjoining mem- 
bers are invited— E. J. Kessler, Beatrice, Nebr., Jan 16 

South Loup— Bro Snell, of Cambridge, Nebr., came to 
us Dec. 30 and held a two weeks' meeting. Jan 13 was 
our council Our elder being absent, Bro. Snell took 
charge of the meeting. Two letters were received and 
four granted— Susie McLellan, Litchfield, Nebr., Jan. 16. 

t B A° W t»," s clu ' rch met in council Jan. 13, our elder, Bro. 
J. A. Weaver not being able to be with us in council on 
account of having his left leg amputated about two months 
ago Bro John Lesh took charge of the meeting. New 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers were elect- 
ed. 1 he writer was chosen superintendent, with Bro H 
t rJ' 7 ass, " a nt. Bro. Wray was also chosen president 
of Christian Workers' meeting. We decided on having 
prayer meeting each Thursday night. The writer was 
chosen church correspondent— Abram Miller, Bowbells, 
N. Dak, Jan. 15. 

York— Jan. 6 Bro. Bradley, of Surrey, N. Dak, began 
a series of meetings in the York house, which continued 
until Jan. la. Good attendance and interest. Four pre- 
cious souls were added to the church. Jan. 22 Bro Jesse 
Eunderburg, of Surrey, will begin a singing school in the 
iork house.— Bessie Blocher, York, N. Dak, Jan. 16. 
Black Swamp— Bro. Joseph Robison, of Carey, Ohio 
came to us Jan. 6, and remained over Sunday He 
preached three very acceptable sermons— Ella E. Gar- 
ner, R. R. 1, Walbridge, Ohio, Jan. 15. 

Fostoria— We reorganized our Sunday school last Sun- 
day, with Bro. J. I. Lindower superintendent, and ar- 
ranged for two new classes. Decided to start a home de- 
partment, and selected Bro. Charles Wright superintend- 
ent ihe sisters reorganized their sewing circle, electing 
Sister Anna Henry president. One was received by let- 
ter since our last report. The work starts in the new year 
with bright prospects— Ira E. Long, 326 Summit St, Fos- 
toria, Ohio, Jan 17. 

Greenville— At our last district meeting a resolution 
was presented by the mission board and passed to fully 
organize the church at this place. In view of this rec- 
ommendation a special council was called Jan. 16 The 
officers of the mission board, with Elders Jonas Horning 
and Samuel Blocher, met with us. Eld. D. M. Garver 
presided The church elected Bro. David Hollinger eld- 
er in charge. Trustees were appointed to care for the 
property. Our Christian Workers' meetings are growing 
in interest and number. We reorganized with the same 
officers reelected for six months. Three letters of mem- 
bership were received— Mrs. Anna Witwer, Greenville 
Ohio, Jan. 18. 

Owl Creek— Bro. J. J. Anglemeyer and wife of Wil- 
hamstown, Ohio, came to us Jan. 1, and remained until 
Jan. 15, preaching seventeen sermons, including two fun- 
eral sermons. We feel that there was a good work done. 
— lena Whistler. Fredencktown, Ohio, Jan. 15. 

,. Farrne rs Grove— Our home minister being absent, Bro. 
M. C. Swigart, of McVeytown, Pa, preached to our little 
band of members, and left good impression on the minds 
ot the people in our community. The church was much 
encouraged— Linme H. Book, Honey Grove, Pa, Jan. 15. 

Chiques— Last night closed a three weeks' series of 
meetings conducted by Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of Canton, 
Ohio. He preached twenty-two sermons. Four precious 
souls were made willing to make the " good choice." Jan 
/ Bnx H. A. Sonon will begin a protracted service at 
Shearers union church, which is in the bounds of this 
district, where we have a regular appointment— John C 
Zug, Mastersonville, Pa, Jan. 15. 

Clover Creek— Bro J. J. Shaffer, of Berlin, Pa, came 
to the Clover Creek house Dec. 30 and began a meeting 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 


Claar church met in council Jan. 6 and elected its yearly 
officials. Decided to have preaching services every two 
weeks instead ol every four weeks as heretofore. Hay- 
ing two churchhouscs very close together, this virtually 
gives us preaching every week. We are also interested 
in a union chapel (now building), which will give us an- 
other place for services early next summer. The church 
has been considering the propriety of employing a minis- 
ter for some time, and early last fall (in council assem- 
bled) decided to employ one and support him. We have 
now secured the services of Bro. O. S. Corle, ot New 
Paris Pa He has already located with us, and is giving 
his entire time to the work. We have an evergreen bun- 
day school Our Christian Workers meet once a week 
and take up a collection for missionary purposes the first 
of each month, with which they have decided to support 
an orphan in India.— E. F. Claar, Klahr, Pa., Jan. 16. 

Clover Creek.— Bro. J. J. Shafer, of Berlin, Pa., came 
to the Clover Creek house Dec. 30 and began a meeting 
the same evening, preaching till Jan. 14- nineteen ser- 
mons Three precious souls came out on the Lord s side 
and were buried with Christ in baptism. At present Bro. 
O V Long is holding a meeting in the Martinsburg 
house.— J. G. Mock, R. D. 1, Roaring Spring, Pa., Jan. 19. 
Hanover church met in council Jan. 6, Eld. C. L. Pfoutz 
presiding. Two were received by letter. Decided to hold 
a series of meetings in May, conducted by the home min- 
istry The business was largely pertaining to Sunday- 
school work. Also decided that the collection taken on 
Thanksgiving day is to be turned over to the home mis- 
sion Bro D. H. Baker and wife are persistently laboring. 
— W. B. Harlacher, Hanover, Pa., Jan. 14. 

Johnstown congregation met in council at Walnut 
Grove Dec 28. As most of our deacons are old and some 
of them unable to perform their work, it was decided to 
elect five new deacons. On that day one sister was taken 
into the church by baptism and one brother was re- 
claimed. In the same congregation, at Conemaugh there 
was a three weeks' revival held by Bro. D. S. Clapper 
It began Dec. 3 and closed Dec. 24. Eight were admitted 
into the church by baptism and one was reclaimed. There 
was also another brother who desired to become one of 
Gild's people and was interrogated for baptism, but death 
came to him ere he was able to be baptized.— Elizabeth 
Wertz, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Mountville.— Bro. J. H. Kline, of Elizabethtown, com- 
menced a series of meetings in the Petersburg house Dec. 
30 and continued until Jan. 14, preaching nineteen ser- 
mons The church was edified, two precious souls came 
out on the Lord's side, and one was reclaimed.— A. b. 
Hottenstein, East Petersburg, Pa., Jan. 17. 

Philadelphia (First Brethren church).— After the regu- 
lar midweek prayer meeting Jan. 10 we held our council, 
Bro T T Myers presiding. Two letters of membership 
were received and two granted. At our last mothers 
meeting we decided to hold a prayer meeting every third 
Sunday in the month, immediately after Sunday school at 
the Crittington Home (for fallen girls).— SalhcB. Schnel], 
1544 N. Marvine St., Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. IS. 

Raven Run church met in council Jan. 6, Eld. S. I. 
Brumbaugh presiding. Four letters were granted. One 
letter was read. Decided to have J. J. Shaffer preach for 
us in May. Sunday-school superintendent, Philip Kicli- 
ard' assistant, Fred Hoover. We had two meetings held 
a ciuple weeks ago by Bro. Stahl and Bro D . ct » e ' le Iy °? 
missions, which were very interesting.— Sadie V. Kecd, 
Riddlesburg, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Shade Creek— Council was held Jan. 1. The officers 
were elected for the new year, Sister Maud Johns corre- 
sponding secretary. The second annual Bible term for the 
congregation was held at the Scalp Level house from Dec. 
26 to Jan 1. It was conducted by Bro. W. A Gaunt, from 
Huntingdon. Bro. T. B. Long is president of the mission- 
ary melting for 1906. It has decided to use its funds for 
home mission work.— Amanda Weaver, 302 Bedford St., 
Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 17. 

Ten Mile congregation met in council Jan. o, Virgil 
Finnell presiding. Our Christmas exercises were very 
good Our Sunday-school institute was a success, and 
well attended Bro. Finnell has decided to stay with us 
another year We are glad to have him stay, he is doing 
Sceuen/work. We are expecting Bro. W. A. Arnold of 
Kirbv W Va., to begin a series of meetings at the ten 
Mile brick church June 9, and continue one week before 
onr love feast, which will be June 16, and one week after. 
or longer if necessary.— Emily A. Swihart, R. F. D. No. 2, 
Scenery Hill, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Manassas.— We feel sure that the members as a whole 
-re stronger spiritually than they were one year ago. A 
number "f special meetings were held, from which we de- 
rived much good. There are seventy-eight members ,n 
his congregation, widely scattered Six were baptized 
several received by letter and several letters granted. We 
nad thrJc Sunday 'schools. One was held all the year, one 
abou? nine months, and one six. On Thanksgiving we 
had ervTces and took a collection of ?7.75 for world-wide 
missions On Christmas day we met to celebrate the birth 
d£ Christ. On the last day of the year we had a specia 
service called "The Old and the New," consisting of 
songs, recitations and talks on the old and new years. 
It wis a good meeting. Ian. 6 was our council. J. J. 
Conner anfjaco™ Holfinger were elected Sunday-school 
superintendents for the coming year. J. F^ Britton and 
E E Blough are our Christian Workers officers. Our 
meetings still continue interesting. We have secured 
Torty volumes for our library and money enough for a 
good many more.-Alice C. Blough, Manassas, Va„ Jan. 

16 Notice.-To Second District of Virginia: Mount Ver- 
non congregation, in council, for certain reasons, deeded 
tr? clianle the time of holding district meeting from 
April 26 and 27 to May 10 and 11. 1906 Elders meet at 
The church May 9, at 2 P. M.-J. R. Kindig, Waynesboro, 

Redoak Grove church met in council Jan. 13, Eld I M. I. 

wer^teT'^ ^we'^atTl TS. "f ^bnc 

preaching Bro. S. G. Spangler preached.-Ella Bowman, 
Eppcrly, Va., Jan. 15. 

White Rock church met in council Jan. 6 our elder 
wSngton Akers, presiding. We expect to hohl a eries 
of meetings in the near future. Elders R. T. Akers ana 

S P Reed were with us on the following day and 
preached.— Cephas D. Reed, Carthage, Va., Jan. 13. 
Chewelah.— We have reorganized our Sunday school for 
six months, with the writer superintendent; Bro. J. H. 
Metcalf, assistant.— Mary C. Hixson, Chewelah, Wash., 
Jan. 6. 

Winchester.— We began our Bible school work at Ncz- 
perce Idaho. Dec. 26, and continued ten days, giving three 
sessions each dav and preaching each night, giving thirty 
Bible lessons and fifteen sermons. I remained with them 
over their council meeting, Jan. 6, and came to Winches- 
ter a distance of twenty miles, where a few Brethren ol 
the Nezperce congregation are struggling to maintain the 
principles of the Gospel. They have preaching only once 
in a while I preached len sermons. The members seem 
to take new courage. I leave this morning for my home 
at Tekoa, Wash. The cause of Christ is suffering all oyer 
this Northwest for the want of laborers. I am arranging 
to give more of my lime to the work of the Lord.— D. M. 
Click, Tekoa, Wash., Jan. 15. 

Bnllrun.— D. J. Miller, of Upshire county, W. Va., came 
to us Dec. 26 and remained until Jan. 9. Twenty-six put 
on Christ by baptism. Dec. 11, prior to our series ot meet- 
ings two more were baptized, making twenty-eight, and 
iwo'more are awaiting baptism.— John Hovatter, Hovat- 
ter, W. Va., Jan. 17. 

Sandy Creek.— Council was held at Salem Jan. 6. One 
brother was received by letter Solicitors were appoint- 
ed to gather mission money for 1906. The writer was 
elected correspondent for this year. Arrangements were 
made to hold two series of meetings, one at the Union 
Center church, the other at Glade Union church. Our 
Christian Workers' meeting is a helpful factor in church 
work Bro. C. R. Wolfe was elected president for this 
quarter. Bro. John Hovatter preached three acceptable 
sermons while here.— Chester A. Thomas, Clifton Mills, 
W. Va., Jan. 13. 

offer came out, I took advantage of it and had the paper 
sent to ten of my neighbors. The paper brought a won- 
derful change over them; though some of them arc mem- 
bers of other churches, yet they say we are right. I shall 
also take advantage of the fifty-cent offer soon. 

Now we will soon have fifteen members here and our 
great need is to get our dear elders of the Southern Dis- 
trict of Indiana to come and organize us into a church. 
We have no minister, but the prospect is good for one. 
We have two deacons, have our meetings and want to 
organize a Sunday school in the spring; then our next 
great need will be a house of worship. We feel encour- 
aged, however, as three have been baptized since we 
came here August 25, 1905, and others say they will come 
when we get organized. So you see the people want a 
church home. Two of our brethren from Miami county, 
a minister and a deacon, whom we had never seen before, 
came to visit us. When we met them and saluted them, 
the people here wanted to know how we knew them to be 
brethren. We told them that our brethren and sisters 
knew each other belter than the members of secret or- 
ders. I would thai all of the brethren were as loyal to 
the church as these two brethren, then we would be 
known and read by all wherever we go. 

Our new members put to shame many of our members 
in well-organized churches. Two set up the family altar 
the next night after they were baptized. So you sec that 
we have no reason to be discouraged, but we need your 
prayers to help us build up the Master's cause. 

If any of our ministers are thinking of passing this way 
and have an idea of making a change of location, we kind- 
Jy ask them to come and see'us. Luther Bedel. 

R. F. D. No. 2, Holton, Ind. 


" Write what thou iieeat, and send it unto the churches.' 

We held our first quarterly council meeting on the 
evening of Jan. 14, with a good representation of the 
members. The following business was transacted: Sun- 
day-school officers for the ensuing quarter, the writer 
superintendent; Bro. Partch assistant, and Marguerite 
Stouffer secretary. We also organized an Aid Society, 
with Sister Kaihryne Deal president. Sister J. Frye vice- 
president, and Sister Mary C. Stouffer secretary and 
treasurer. We are now getting in a position to do more 
effective work and a greater work for the Master. 

Several articles of clothing were received during the 
past quarter from various places. Some money was also 
received, for all of which we are grateful. 

We regret very much to have our superintendent, Bro. 
L Zimmerman, leave us. but we pray the Lord of the 
harvest to send us more workers into his harvest. Bro. 
Zimmerman carries with him the best wishes o the 
church here. His work was very much appreciated and 
was the means of building us all up and enlarging our 
Sunday school. The children all learned to love him and 
his dear family. After next Sunday he will be in the 
bounds of the Plattsburg congregation. 

Our council meeting passed off orderly and the time 
was well spent to the betterment of the cause at this 
place We heartily ask that the Brethren everywhere re- 
member our weak efforts at a throne of grace. 

M. R. Murray. 
General Delivery, Jan. 17. 


Who are they? What is to be the result of those two 
thousand readers of the Messenger at fifty cents a year 
who would perhaps not have it but through the kindness 
of some interested, anxious Christian friend? Then we 
are made to wonder, too, if each of the two thousand 
Messengers, as they make their weekly visits to as many 
homes, are accompanied by the earnest, persevering 
prayers of the donors of the two thousand such subsenp- 

"°Oh how much more effective may be the result if our 
prayers go with each weekly gift into these homes I Tha 
would mean over one hundred thousand prayers offered 
up ,„ one year by earnest Christian people for the conver- 
sion of priceless souls. And the Book says The ef- 
ctual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much 
lames 5 16. Who can tell, brethren, what mighty works 
God may bring to pass in this way? "Let us therefore 
come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may ob- 
tain mercy and find grace to help ,n time ofW ^ Heb, 


Skidmore, Mo. 


I secured a prumisc from dear Brother Andrew Hutch- 
ison about two years ago on conditions — the conditions 
were, "If the anticipated surgical operation proved a suc- 
cess and the Lord was willing that he would spend the 
summer and fall of 1906 among the churches in the dis- 
trict of Oregon, Washington and Idaho." and I now have 
a letter in my possession in which he states, " It is my 
purpose to spend next summer and fall in the North- 

Now brethren, here is a golden opportunity, and I do 
hope that you will embrace it. Now is the time to have 
this Bible man to come and strengthen churches and to 
warn and awaken the sinner. I know of no one in the 
Brotherhood that is more able to edify and instruct God's 
children than Bro. Hutchison. He simplifies his teach- 
ing so that it is rich food for the wise as well as the 

The churches in the Northwest that desire his services 
can address him at McPlierson, Kans., any time between 
now and June 20, or at Annual Meeting, in care of A. 
M. box, from May 25 to June 7. D. A. Norcross. 

Newbcrg, Oregon, Jan. 16. 


The annual Bible institute of Mt. Morris College was 
held from Jan. 3 to 12. The attendance showed a marked 
increase. The interest Irom first to last was all that 
could be desired. The lessons dealt with questions of 
vital importance in our church work. There were fifty 
sessions of forty-five minutes each, besides the evening 
lectures and sermons. Ten instructors had charge of the 
work A new feature was the practical work in teaching 
the infant Sunday-school class. A number who were 
present regretted the fact that other workers who should 
have been present were hindered from coming. 

The enrollment at the college this winter is the largest 
it has been for some time. J- E. Miller. 

Jan. 20. 

Feb. 3, Inglewood, Cal. 

D. W. Crist. 


When wife and I first came to Ripley county, Indiana, 
we were the only members of the Brethren church here. 
Our appearance caused our neighbors .0 ask many ques- 
tions and, as we gave them gospel answers, they be- 
am« interested in their new neighbors and trea ed us 
wX while trying to pry into the new doctrine.! gave 
them all our old Messengers, then when the Ten-Cent 


Weston church met in council Jan. 13. B. F, Barklow 
presiding. Officers were elected for the ensuing year. 
the writer correspondent, Sister Nellie Morton and Flor- 
ence Boncwitz solicitors. Building committee made re- 
port as to the progress of the work and requested that all 
Stations be pLed in the hands o the ""Surer as soon 
as nossible Work for the house of the Lord is Progress- 
ing as fasi as the weather will permit.-E. L. Withers, 
Weston, Oregon, Jan. 18. 

Lick Creek.-Bro. I. L. Berkey, Goshen, Ind., came o 
us Jan 9 and began a series of meetings continuing to 
Ian 2 preaching fourteen sermons. The church was 
Si\=^s!^„g S ,hT.nelLe^ve^r-I,^s 

l h ery U td^ds ,0 -lta S E.°" R . t 8? nToK 
Ohio, Jan. 22. 

Middle District.-Bro. D. P. Sollenberger preached for 
us Jan 21 at 10:30 A. M, and Bro. DC. Hendnckson in 
U e e\"en1ng a at 7 P. M. Our Sunday sch.o is P™gr« 
nicely with fair attendance.— Jos. H. Stark, K. wo. i. 
Box 79, Tadmor, Ohio, Jan. 22. 

Somerset.-Jan. 21 ended the series of meetings at this 

Box 57, Wabash, Ind., Jan. 22. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 


The first term's work is now a matter of history and 
the second term's work has been begun. The total en- 
rollment for the first term was twenty-one different stu- 
dents, some of whom did not remain all the time nor take 
full work. The enrollment for the winter term is now 
twenty-one, with three or four somewhat uncertain as 
to how long they will remain. This may not seem to be 
a large number, but when it is considered that they are 
all special Bible students, and, furthermore, that up until 
within the last month there has been scarcely any ad- 
vertising of the school, and that this is our first year's 
existence, our anticipations are considerably exceeded. 

While the school lias been planned for at least ten 
years, still it has been only theory and plans, until the 
present year. We are finding, however, that these plans 
are working out even better than we had anticipated. It 
would be difficult, I think, to find a happier and more 
enthusiastic group of students. 

It has been the deliberate purpose and determination 
to begin in the mustard seed fashion, so as to run no 
risks in the organization or financial support. The stu- 
dents pay about the actual cash "cost for rooms, fuel 
and light, and board themselves on the club plan, pay- 
ing only the actual cost of provisions and cooking. In 
addition to this, — for fuel, light and janitor service of the 
class room, — an incidental fee is charged sufficient to 
cover these and other necessary expenses. 

Up to the end of the year that has just closed unso- 
licited contributions, volunteered by Sunday schools, 
churches and individuals, have been sent in sufficient to 
pay for the expense of printing, correspondence, station- 
ery, etc. For the present the teachers have to preach 
and teach unlike "the ox that treadeth out the corn." 1 
Cor. 9:9. We have not thought it wise to solicit finan- 
cial support for the work until we have proven in actual 
experience that the theory and plans will work out as 
we had hoped. Ultimately, of course, and as soon as 
possible, the school must be wholly dependent for its 
support upon voluntary contributions and endowments. 

There are two reasons for this; the first is that we 
must compete, financially with the Bible schools of other 
churches and almost without exception they charge no 
tuition, therefore we cannot charge any. The second 
reason has special reference to the Brethren's methods of 
doing church work. The most of our ministers get no 
remuneration for their church and Sunday-school work. 
Even our missionaries at home and abroad, and our pas- 
tors who give all of their time to the work of the 
church, get only a meager support and not a salary- 

The aim and purpose of Bethany is to be strictly a 
Bible and mission training school. It is our constant aim 
and earnest determination to provide just the very best 
help and training possible for ministers, Sunday-school 
teachers and officers, and city and foreign missionaries 
and everybody who wants to know the Bible better, and 
be more efficient in doing any work for the Master. No 
pains have been spared to put into the courses of study 
and training just exactly those things that would prove 
the most vitally helpful to all kinds of church workers. 
There is the most thoroughgoing and comprehensive Bi- 
ble study of every part of the Word of God. 

A. C. Wieand. 
188 Hastings St. 


The Sunday-school, ministerial and district meetings of 
Texas and Louisiana, for the year 1905, were held at the 
Manvel church, Texas, Dec. 27, 28 and 29 respectively. 
The Sunday-school meeting was organized with A. A. 
Sutter moderator, J. H. Peck reading clerk and A. J. Wine 
writing clerk. Six topics were discussed. These were in- 
terspersed with essays and recitations. A good interest 
was manifested, and we think the cause was promoted. 
The committee on program for 1906 is J. C. Minnix, A, J. 
Wine and Emma T. Whitcher. 

The ministerial meeting was organized with J. C. Min- 
nix moderator, M. H. Peters reading clerk, and J. H. 
Peck writing clerk. Seven topics were considered, which 
were also accompanied with interesting essays and reci- 
tations. Committee on program for 1906 is J. A. Miller, 
A. A. Sutter and M. H. Peters. These ministerial meet- 
ings afford an excellent opportunity for exchange of views 
between ministers and laity, that is helpful to both if car- 
ried on in a proper Christian spirit. 

The district business meeting was organized with J. C. 
Minnix moderator, A. A. Sutter reading clerk, and J. H. 
Peck writing clerk. The following are the churches that 
were represented by delegates: Manvel, Texas, J. A. Mil- 
ler, M. H. Peters; Roanoke, La., L. Sutphin, A. A. Sut- 
ter; Saginaw, Texas, A. J. Wine; Nacona, Texas, was rep- 
resented by letter; Live Oak, Texas, and Oak Grove, La., 
were not represented. 

The meeting was formally opened by Brother Dietrich, 
of Oklahoma. The district mission secretary's report 
showed that two evangelists are in the field and that three 

hundred and thirty-four sermons were preached; one 
council meeting held; one love feast; two were baptized; 
miles traveled by rail, seven thousand four hundred and 
eighty-nine; by private conveyance, four hundred and six- 
ty-three; number of days spent in traveling, four hundred 
and ninety. 

The district mission treasurer's report shows receipts 
during the year, $855.61; expenditures, $662.19; balance on 
hand, $193.42. Report of district funds; receipts, $86.55; 
expenditures, $62.22; balance on hand, $24.33. 

There are six organized churches in the district and 
four reported work done during the year; two had to be 
stirred up by the writing clerk for a report. Some of the 
reports received were not very encouraging. One church 
asked for a change of time for holding the district meet- 
ing, but the paper was returned. Another query asked 
for adoption of new rules to govern these meetings. The 
request was granted and rules were formulated. Bro. J. 
M. Moore was reelected to the mission board for three 
years and Bro. A. J. Wine Sunday-school secretary. Bro. 
M. H. Peters was elected a member of the Standing Com- 
mitte, with J. A. Miller alternate. 

The district treasurer was requested to make a special 
effort to collect from the churches in arrears their dues to 
the district expenses, and also to remind the isolated 
members that their pro rata share would be appreciated 
along this line. All money should be sent to J. M. 
Moore, Manvel, Texas. 

The meeting adjourned to meet at Roanoke, La., during 
the holidays of 1906. 

The brethren from a distance entertained us each even- 
ing during the week with interesting sermons, and Dec. 
30 a love feast was held. Though few in attendance, we 
had a pleasant and we trust a profitable meeting. 

J. H. Peck. 

Manvel, Texas. 



On Saturday night, Jan. 6, at 7:45 we met in regular 
quarterly council. J. C. Cline and P. P. Peters were 
elected Sunday-school superintendents. Sister Mary 
Shickel was chosen as president of Christian Workers' 
meeting. A collection, amounting to $14.75 was taken 
for current expenses. Nine members were present, mak- 
ing it the largest council I have yet attended here. 

When we came here, Sept. 30, 1905, we moved into 
four downstairs rooms. We at once began arranging to 
get a home to be occupied by the one in charge of the 
work. Finally a house was purchased and we moved into 
it Dec. 21. Our home is now about fifty feet from the 
church, which makes it very convenient. It is the prop- 
erty of the mission board of the Second District of Vir- 
gina. But they were enabled to purchase it only through 
the interest, love and liberality of many dear brethren 
and sisters of this district. Not quite enough to pay for 
the property (cost $1,250) has been received yet, but 
not all congregations have reported. Then we may all 
rejoice together in the fact that the district owns a good 
church and a good home for the minister in charge and 
that through the blessings of God and the love of the 
Brethren it js all paid for. 

As yet we have not been able to do much but get our- 
selves "settled." But the future is promising and we 
hope through the prayers of those who are much inter- 
ested, and they are many, we may be able to do much 
for " Christ and the church." Wm. K. Conner. 

1110 26th St., Jan. 12. 


About the first of October I made up my mind to 
change location. Since that time I have made ten trips 
over the western half of Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico 
and Arizona. I visited the church in Scott City, Kans., 
where the Brethren have a fine church of about eighty- 
five members, a good house and are doing well; also at 
Santa Fe, Haskell Co., Kans., the members have a very 
good house, but not a very large membership; but all 
seem happy. Bro. Thomson, of Garden City, has charge 
at this place. At Rockyford they have a very attractive 
church, with about one hundred members, and to asso- 
ciate with them is like heaven on earth; five ministers 
here. I spent New Year's day with the Brethren at 
Phcenix, Arizona. I find the Lord is with them here also, 
and a fine place to live in winter. On New Year's day I 
picked oranges from the trees and garden truck from 
the garden. Things here are like May in Ohio. 

I also visited Garden City, Finney Co., Kans., and was so 
well impressed with the situation that I bought consider- 
able property, also a house in the city, where I will move 
as soon as suitable arrangements can be made. The 
church here is growing; three preachers now; four young 
members were baptized Dec. 27, Bro. B. M. McCue do- 
ing the baptizing. Anyone wanting to change location, no 
matter where from, can get what information they ask 
for by addressing Bro. B. M. McCue, Garden City, Kans., 
or the writer at Girard, Kans. J. W Wampler 

Jan. II. 

The second annual Sunday-school teachers' institute in 
Northwestern District of Ohio was held in the Lick 
Creek church, one mile southwest of Bryan, Ohio, Jan. 1, 
2, and 3, This meeting was better attended than last 
year. The interest in Sunday school seems to be grow- 
ing and our workers are longing for the best methods to 
employ in the Sunday-school work. 

Bro. J. G. Royer, of Mt. Morris, 111., was the principal 
instructor, assisted by several brethren and sisters of our 
district. His work was thorough and practical, being 
well received by all those present. His methods were 
principally drawn from the life of Christ as recorded in 
the Gospels. His illustrations were common but forcible. 
Many who heard them resolved to carry them home to 
their different fields of labor, determined to inspire others 
with new zeal and activity in the work. 

Bro. Royer's experience for a half century~In teaching 
the youths of our land has qualified him to instruct us 
in the different ways and methods of teachings. His Bi- 
ble readings and illustrations were interesting and im- 
pressive. At the close of the meeting the moderator 
called for an expression with regard to holding another 
institute of this kind; the vote was a unanimous voice in 
favor of another meeting about Jan. 1, 1907. Accord- 
ingly the moderator appointed Edward Cramer, Alvada, 
Ohio, Jennie Sellers, Rising Sun, Ohio, and D. Byerly, 
Lima, Ohio, to form a committee to arrange for a meet- 
ing. We hope that all who are interested in Sunday- 
school work will attend these meetings. 

G. A. Snider, Moderator. 
J. 1. Lin dower, Secretary. 
Fostoria, Ohio. 


The cold winter days are here, and there is much suf- 
fering among the poor of this great city. Much clothing 
has been distributed among the poor lately at the West 
Side church. Boxes are coming almost every day from 
different parts of the Bmtherhood, filled with clothing to 
be given to the poor. 

Just recently we have received at the South Side mis- 
sion two boxes containing fruits and meat. These help 
to cut down our living expenses considerably, for which 
we are grateful. 

This week I have been busy getting out the new sup- 
plies to the members of the home department of the Sun- 
day school. Some of the mothers seem to enjoy the 
study in their homes, while others are rather careless, but 
promise to give it more attention this next quarter. 

On Saturday night before Christmas we gave a pro- 
gram and the people turned out well to hear the little 
ones. All the mothers seemed well pleased. 

Several weeks ago we organized a " Loyal Helpers 
Band" for the young girls of this neighborhood. Sixteen 
girls have enrolled. We open the meeting by scriptural 
reading and prayer. Then we have a short business ses- 
sion, after which I give them a Bible lesson. We are 
now studying the life of John the Baptist. After this les- 
' son the girls do some sewing. They are piecing a com- 
fort top. They will finish it and give it to some poor 

I try to arrange my work so I can take one day's 
school work each week at Bethany Bible School. The 
help I get there is a constant source of help and inspira- 
tion to me in my mission work. 

The work seems to be growing slowly. Many begin to 
ask questions about our faith and wonder why we be- 
lieve thus and so. Pray for us, brethren and sisters. 

Hetty Wampler. 

6437 Washington Ave., Jan. 10. 


We are very grateful for the kindly response of the mis- 
sion boards in sending us clothing which has enabled us 
to relieve many who have been suffering from the cold. 

Christmas day we entertained a number of poor chil- 
dren, gave them their dinner and supplied them with 
clothing. By so doing we have added five to our Sun- 
day school. 

We have not only received clothing, but some sent 
money. We were especially thankful for this, as our 
"poor fund" purse was entirely empty and some of our 
little Sunday-school girls are badly in need of shoes and 
overshoes. We feel that our prayers are being answered 
and that we can see a gradual growth in the interest. I 
am sure it would be a great pleasure and comfort if our 
sisters could see the happy mothers and children as they 
leave the mission home with good, warm clothing. 

We have a very interesting sewing class of about thirty 
little girls, ages ranging from six to thirteen years. 

We enjoyed a very pleasant visit with Sister Eva Heag- 
ly, of Winona, Minn., who spent Sunday with us. She 
with us visited one of the working girls' homes of this 
city, and we were greatly impressed with the idea of es- 
tablishing such a home in connection with our mission, 
as we feel it would prove a great help to the mission 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 


and be the means of enabling us to com* in touch with 
and save many an innocent and homeless girl. 

We are praying that the day is not far in the future 
when we may be able to establish such a home at this 

Bro. J. W. Shively, of Newville, N. Dak., spent Sunday 
here. He gave us a very interesting sermon in the even- 
ing, using the fourth chapter of Ephesians 3S a text. 

We trust that our Sisters' Aid Societies will continue 
to remember us with shoes, clothing and bedding, as we 
continually find those who are in great need, and when 
finding them in this condition it is sad indeed not to be 
able to help them. Pray for us. Cora M. Brubaker. 

1210 25th Ave., N., Minneapolis, Minn., Jan. 16. 


I have just returned from Independence, Kans., where I 
spent two weeks in a revival meeting. The meetings 
were well attended, especially by the members. The mem- 
bers are doing a good work, they are earnest and devoted, 
but some of them are from five to twenty-eight miles 
away from the meetinghouse and can seldom attend serv- 
ices. Yet they are doing their part- well in a temporal 
way. The church is moving along encouragingly. In the 
past year they have improved their meetinghouse to the 
extent of about $200, besides giving for the support of a 
minister considerably over $100. W. H. Miller is their min- 
ister, and has the ability to do much good. They have 
a good Sunday school, conducted by Sister Ada Williams. 
The Sisters' Aid Society is doing a good work. To my 
mind one of the best ways of doing mission work in a 
city or town is by giving to the poor and needy second- 
hand clothing, shoes, mittens, etc. Food is very often 
needed. Then why not give to the poor? This is God's 
way of developing the charitable side of life. Many hearts 
would be made glad and some gathered into the fold, 
were we to do more of this. 

Send all donations to W. H. Miller, 91S West Locust 
St., Independence, Kans. 

Two came out on the Lord's side at the meeting. 

George Eller. 
Moline, Kans., Jan. 16. 


" What therefore God hath joined together, let not i 

i put : 

nder. ' 

Fray-Hostedler.— Dec. 24, 1905, by the writer, at his 
residence, near Brumbaugh, Towner Co., N. Dak., Sis- 
ter Sarah Hostedler, of Arndt, N, Dak., and Mr. Charlie 
L. Fray, of Egeland, N. Dak, John Deal. 

Gault-Moore, — At the home of the bride's parents, Dec. 
25 1905, by the undersigned, Bro. Peter F. Gault, of 
Bowbells, N. Dak., and Sister "Edna Pearl Moore, of 
Tyvan, Sask., Canada. Abram Buck. 

Showalter-Eley. — At the residence of Brother and Sis- 
ter I. H. Ream, in the Morrill church, Kans., Jan. 10, 
1906, by the undersigned, Mr. Charles U. Showalter and 
Sister- Grace Leona Eley, all of Morrill, Kans. 

T A. Eisenbise. 


a the dead which die 

Death Notices of Children Under Five Years Not Published. 

Dann, Sister Agnes, an inmate of Old Folks' Home at 
Timbervillc, Va.. formerly of Albemarle county, Virginia, 
departed this life Jan. 2, 1906, aged 87 years, 2 months 
and 24 days. She was a consistent member of the Breth- 
ren church for about sixty-two years. Her funeral was 
preached from a text of her own selection, namely, Rev. 
2: 10. brethren J. F. Driver and J. P, Zigler officiating. 
She was interred in the Timberville cemetery. She was 
a devoted Bible student. She related to a brother a few 
years ago that she had read the Bible through nncc each 
year for forty-three successive years. She has been an in- 
mate of the home about five years. S. A. Driver. 

Driver, Sister Ellen Catherine, died at her home near 
Arkton, Va., Jan. 10, 1906, aged 73 year*. 7 months and 
25 days. She was the wife of Bro. Emanuel Driver, with 
whom she had lived for nearly fifty-five years. Besides 
her husband, she is survived by four sons and two daugh- 
ters. She was a consistent member of the Brethren 
church from early life. She was buried in Fairview ceme- 
tery. Funeral services were conducted by Elders J. P. 
and D. H. Zigler, from 2 Cor. 5:1. J. S. Roller. 

Deardorff, Sister Lena Young, died within the bounds 
of the Upper Conewago church, Pa., Jan. 6, 1906. aged 
71 years, 4 months and 22 days. She was buried in the 
graveyard at the Friends Grove meetinghouse. Funeral 
services conducted by Bro. C. L. Baker. 

Margie V. Wrights. 
Gochenour, Edward, son of Bro. Jacob and Sister Hel- 
en Gochenour, died Jan. 6. 1906, in the Woodstock con- 
gregation, near St. Luke, Va., aged 27 years, 10 months 
and 25 davs. He had been a great sufferer from rheu- 
matism for several years and recently had been subject 
to suffocating spells, which caused his death. He is sur- 
vived by his father, mother and one brother. Interment 
in the Gochenour home graveyard. Services were con- 
ducted by Eld. S. H. Shaver, a.-.sisted by J. M. Ryman, 
from Psa. 39:4. M. H. Copp. 

Fisher, Sister Mary Catherine, nee Harvy, died at El- 
mira, Oregon, in the bounds of the Mohawk Valley church, 
Dec. 28, 1905, aged 70 years, 11 months and 23 days. She 
was married to Orvil Fisher at Monticello, Ind., Jan. 25, 
1857. Ten children were born to them, five of whom 
preceded her to the great beyond. A husband and live 
children survive her. She was a member of the German 
Baptist Brethren church over forty years. She was an 
earnest Christian. Buried in the Stephens cemetery, in 
Noli Valley. Nancy Bahr. 

Forrer, Bro. David, died at his home, Orville, Ohio, 
Jan. 4, 1906, aged 68 years, 1 month and 8 days. He 
was united in marriage to Sister Sarah Weaver, Dec. 18, 
1862. To this union were born one son and one daugh- 
ter, both of whom died in infancy. He leaves a wife. 
Funeral services were held at the Wooster church, con- 
ducted by Eld. Eli Holmes, assisted by Amos Mumaw, 
from Psa. 119:52. E. May McFadden. 

Fox, Jacob R., born near Harrisburg, died Oct. 11. 
1905, at his home in Freemont, Steuben Co., Ind., aged 
79 years and 9 days. He was married, April 18, 1850, to 
Susan Michle, to which union were born one son and 
seven daughters. The son died at the age of twenty 
daughters died in infancy; four daughters 
survive. The mother died in January, 1871. Later he 
was married to Levina Michle, who died July 24, 1895. 
Jacob Fox was one of the pioneers; he came to Indiana 
in 1851 There being no Brethren there, he united with 
the German M. E. church. Officiating minister, Rev. 
Adam Becker, of the German M. E. church 

C. J. Fox. 
Hathaway, Mrs. Malissa, died at her home, in the 
bounds of the North Star congregation, Okla Jan. 8. 
1906, aged 41 vcars, 2 months and 3 days. She leaves fa- 
ther mother, three brothers, one sister, a husband and 
four' children. Funeral services held at her home and 
conducted by the writer. Text, Job 14: 1, 2. Interment 
in the country cemetery one and one-fourth miles south 
of our church. A- J- Smith - 

Heckman, John L., born in Virginia, died at his home 
near Buchanan, Mich., Dec. 30, 1905, aged 79 years U 
months and 15 days. He was a member of the Brethren 
church for many years. He leaves a son and T tu ;? u daugh- 

McDague, Gilbert, died in the Blue River church, near 
Greencentcr, Ind., aged 61 years, 11 months and 6 days. 
Deceased wa- united in marriage to Malissa Strong, 
March 10, 1871. To this union were born one son and 
one daughter. Both survive him, with their mother. 
Friend McDague died from heart failure without a mo- 
merit's warning. He had been thinking of uniting with 
the church. The remains were interred in the Fulk 
cemetery. Funeral by the writer, assisted by Jesse Gump. 
C. K. Zumbrum. 
Miller, Bro. Christian, died Dec. 22, 1905, aged 63 years, 
7 months and 29 days. He was buried in the Pleasant 
Valley cemetery. Bro. D. C. Flory, of New Hope, Va., 
preached the funeral sermon from 1 Thcss. 4:13-18. Bro. 
Miller was a great sufferer in his latter days. He was 
anointed. He leaves a widow, one daughter and five sons. 

S. A. Driver. 
Miller, Frances, nee Lowe, died near North English, 
Iowa, Jan. 7, 1906, aged 72 years, 3 months and 19 days. 
She was born in Rockingham county, Virginia; married 
Noah Miller, Oct. 23, 1851. To this union were born 
twelve children. Eleven survive her. She was in her us- 
ual health on Saturday and on Sunday morning was a 
corpse. They moved to a farm near North English in 
1856. She was a faithful member of the Brethren church 
for fifty-four years. Her companion is very feeble. 
Services by the writer, assisted by C. M. Brower. 

J. C, Seibcrt. 
Nedrow, Sister Rachel, died in the Indian Creek con- 
gregation, Westmoreland Co., Pa., at the home of her 
nephew, John M. Nedrow, Nov. 7. 1905, aged 86 years, 
6 months and 24 days. Aunt Rachel was never married. 
She united with the Brethren church many years ago and 
was always a devout sister. Funeral services were con- 
ducted by Eld. D. D. Horner, assisted by I. B. Ferguson, 
of Somerset, Pa, Interment in the Ferguson cemetery. 

R. A. Nedrow. 

Reighard, Bro. Jacob, died in the Johnstown congrega- 
tion, at Conemaugh, Pa., Dec. 30, 1905, aged 74 years. 
The funeral services were conducted by Bro. David I-lil- 
derbrand, assisted by Eld. Spanogle of the Progressive 
Brethren church. Interment was made in the Headrick 
cemetery. Elizabeth Wertz. 

Rice, Sister Elizabeth, widow of the late Win. Rice. 
died at the home of her son, Henry Rice, in East Fike- 
land township. Chester Co., Pa., Jan. 7, 1906, aged 67 
years, 4 months and 13 days. She died very suddenly in 
her chair. She leaves one daughter and two sons. She . 
was a faithful member of the Parkerford church for a 
number of years. All services and iulenneiil in Fast 
Vincent church and cemetery by Bro. T. R. 
Text, 1 Sam. 20:3. Blanche E. Coffman. 

Smith, Sister Christena V., nee l.uken, of Waterloo, 
Iowa, born in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, died Dec, 
23, 1905, aged 79 years, 10 months and 19 days. She with 
her husband, Bro. Mahlou II. Smith, and family emigrat- 
ed to Blaeklmwk county, Iowa, in 1865, settling on a 
farm. In 1875 she with her husband united with I he 
church, living consistent, consecrated lives. Bro. Smith 
died in 1898, after having served the church a number of 

s- three daughters died in infancy; four daughters years in the office of deacon. Services conducted by the 

' writer, assisted by Eld. W. H. Lichly. A. P. Blough. 

Stormer, Samuel l-'.. sou of Frederic Stormcr, died near 
Moline, Ohio, of typhoid fever, Jan. 13, 1906, aged 22 
years, 9 months and 7 days. His mother, who was a 
member of the Brethren church departed this life a num- 
ber nl years ago. He leaves a father and one sister. 
Funeral services conducted by Eld. J. C. Witmore, from 
2 Tim. 2:10, assisted by Bro. G. A. Snider. Interment 
in the Walbridge cemetery Ella E. Garner. 

Varner, Bro. Emanuel, died in the Mt. Zion congre- 
gation, Page Co., Va., Nov. 11, 1965, aged 88 years and 
22 days. Bro. Varner was never married. He lived with 
his nieces at the lime of his death, at which place he- 
lived all his life. Funeral services by our elder, Martin 
Rothgeb. Burial in family graveyard. H. F. Sours. 

Barnhart, Bro. Simon W., brother of Eld. A. B. Barn- 
hart, of Hagerstown, Md., died near Shady Grove, Pa., 
Jan.' 8, 1906, aged 68 years, 2 months and 13 days. Serv- 
ices by the writer at the Browns Mill chtirchhouse. In- 
terment in the cemetery adjoining. Wm. C. Koontz. 

Boggs, Bro. Ezekiel, departed this life at the home 
of his son, Volney Boggs, in Union City Ind., Jan. 8, ^J "' iS^andT oncT son""rema7n. Her husband, Bro. 
1906, aged 78 years, 5 months and 2 days. He was born )~ *» d seyen years ago She chose j ames 4 : H for 

in Miami county, Ohio, and came to Union City, Ind., > be used at ]ler funeral, which was preached 

in 1873. He was united in marriage with Eliza Jane Ek] j H Ncher> at her daughter's home 

Neper in 1848. This union was blessed with two sons * h ^ sjste(] by Mr Newton, of the Christian 

nd two daughters. One son preceded him to the spirit . ™i corp(ie w as then shipped to Secor, where 

"t. .%-na p.ln i n A turn flinch- 1.IJUII.I1. -V •*«- f~ r ,,_ C ...,'*-..,-• r\ f 

R. J. Shrcvc. 
Horn, Sister Elizabeth, nee Strong, born in Trumbull 
county, Ohio, died Jan. 5, 1906, at the home of her daugh- 
ter Mrs Collins, in Normal, 111., aged 77 years. In \m> 
she was married to Abraham Horn. To this union eight 
children were born. Six preceded her to the spirit world, 
five in infancy. Sister Horn united, with the Brethren 
church in early life and lived a consistent Christian life. 

The Gospel Messenger. 

world. He leaves an aged wife, one son and two daugh- 
ters. He united with the Brethren church about thirty 
years ago. Funeral services conducted by Bro. W. K. 
Simmons. Interment at the Union City cemetery. 

Dora W. Noffsinger. 
Briner, Catharine, born in Union county, Pennsylvania, 
departed this life at the home of her nephew, Charles 
Briner in Clear Greek congregation, Huntington Co.. 
Ind., Jan. 12, 1906, aged 90 years and 7 days. Her death 
removes the last of a family of thirteen children De- 
ceased moved with her parents from Union county, Penn- 
sylvania, to Starke county, Ohio, where she was united in 
marriage to George Fortney, June 19, 1834. who pre- 
ceded her in death twenty-two years. In 1853 she moved 
with her husband to Huntington county, Indiana, where 
she spent the remainder of her life. She gave her heart 
to God at an early age and lived an exemplary Christian 
life Funeral services conducted by the writer. 

Dorsey Hodgden. 
Cook, Lydda, nee Rice, of Ozawkie, Kans., born in In- 
diana, died Jan. 6, 1905, aged 45 years, 9 months and 25 
days. She united in marriage with G. H. Cook, Dec. 20 
1882, and to them were born three boys and 5 girls, of 
whom one boy and one girl have gone to the spirit 
world. She united with the Brethren church about six- 
teen years ago and lived a consistent Christian life. She 
had been a constant sufferer for about four years. Fu- 
neral services at the Brethren church, Ozawkie, conducted 
by Eld. A. Puderbaugh and the writer. Text, Rev. 14: 13. 
H. L. Brammell. 

t was' laid beside her husband, Bro. J. W. Switzer, of 
Roanoke, conducting the services. She lived many years 
in the Panther Creek church, Woodford Co 111. 

N. E. Neher. 
Hylton, Sister Nannie Catherine, died in the Pleasant 
Hill congregation, Floyd Co., Va., Dec. 14, 190s .aged 23 
years, 1 month and 27 days. She united the Breth- 
ren church in September, 1905. She was stricken with 
consumption. A short time before relieved by death she 
was anointed. She leaves a husband and th 

little chil- 

. divim 

S. P. Hylton. 

Krichbaum, Bro. Jacob, died at his daughter's, in Jay 
county, Indiana, Aug. 30, 1905, aged 76 years 6 months 
■md 25 davs He leaves a wife and several children. He 
unite'd with 'the Brethren church in 1901, being baptized 
in a tank he and another brother the same day, at Mid- 
dletown. He was faithful until death. 

Florida J. E. Green. 

Landis, Johna, son of Noah and Lvda Landis, of Eel 
River, Ind., died of an acute attack of heart trouble, at 
his home with his parents, Jan. 1. 1906 aged 20 years 3 
months and 11 days. He loaves father, mother five 
brothers and one sister, Hineral services by John Wright 
and Samuel Leckrone. from Psa. 39: 4. Interment in 
Eel River cemetery. Tuda "a'Ties. 

Lantz, Bro. Joseph B., died very suddenly Dec. 30, 1905 
near Deerfield. Md.. of asthma and heart trouble, aged 47 
years He leaves a wife and one son. Funeral services 
at Sabillasville by Eld. T. J. Kolb. ' 

Samuel Weybright. 

A weekly religious journal, 16 largo pages, Is published In 
the interest ol' the LSrelhrcn church, and Is the only church 
paper published by the authority of tho Conference. Price. 
$1.50 per annum. 

It most earnestly pleads for a roturn to tho apostolic order 
of worship and practice. 

It holds that tho Bible Is a divinely-Inspired book, and rec- 
ognizes the Now Testament as the only Infallible rule of faith 
and practice for the people of God. 

it also holds to the doctrine of the Trinity; teaches future 
rewards and punishment, and emphasizes the Importance of a 
pure, holy and upright life before Clod and man. 

It maintains that only those who remain faithful until 
death have the promise of eternal life; 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of par- 
don, and hence for tho remission or Bins; 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three times 
face-forward Is Christian Baptism; 

That Feet-Washing, as taught In John 13, Is t 
mand to be observed In the church; 

That tho Lord's Supper Is a meal, and. In conn 
tho Communion, should be taken In the evening. < 
close of the day; 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, 
binding upon the followers of Christ; 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and 
self-denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ; 

That a Nonconformity to the world In daily walk, dress. 
customs and conversation Is essentia! to true holiness and 
Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exercises, 
Christians should appear as directed In 1 Cor. 11:4, 5. 

It also advocates the Scriptural duty of Anointing the sick 
with oil In the name of the Lord. 

In short It is a vindicator of all that Christ and the Apos- 
tles have enjoined upon us, and aims, amid the conflicting 
theories and discords of modern Christendom, to point out 
ground that all must concede to be infallibly : 
sample copy. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 

■ after the 

■ Kiss of Charity, is 

Sen J for 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 27, 1906. 

neditatlons : 
vate devotions, 

At Holiday Prices 

A list of books that we will 
furnish for a short time at 
in stock and will be sent by ex- 
press collect in one package if 
you so desire. 

Alone with God. — By J. H. Garrison. A 
manual of devotions, being a series of 
i forms of prayer for pri- 
family worship and spe- 
cial occasions; cloth. 

One of the most use- 
ful, most needed, and 
best adapted books of 
the year, and therefore 
it is not strange that 
It is proving one of the 
most popular. In work 
of this kind its dis- 
tinguished, gifted, pi- 
ous and beloved author 
is at his best. This 
book will be helpful to 
every minister, church 
official and Sunday-school superintendent, 
as well as every private member of the 
church. Publisher's price, cloth, 75 cents 

Our Holiday price 66 cents 

Publisher's price. Morocco, gilt edges, $1.25 

Our Holiday price, 98 cents 

Postage extra, 7 cents. 
Bible Pictures and What They Teach Us.— 
400 beautiful engravings; with full, in- 
teresting descriptions of scenes in the Old 
and New Testament. Printed in large, 
plain type. Size. S'^xlO inches. 320 pages. 

Young Folks' Story of Our Country. — This 
splendid work is not only a complete 
history of the United States; It is an in- 
teresting narrative as well, telling in 
words of one syllable " the story of our 
country." The work is beautifully 


Bound in fine cloth, ornamental design, 
stamped in gilt and colors. Publisher's 

price, $1.50 

Our Holiday price 95 cents 

Postage extra; 25 cents. 

Child's History of our Great Country.— 
From the discovery of America to the 
present time. Including a complete ac- 
count of the Norsemen, 
the Mound Builders, 
voyages of Columbus, 
hardships of early set- 
tlers, and everything of 
interest down to and 
including the assassin- 
ation of President Mc- 
Klnley and the admin- 
istration of President 
Roosevelt. It will be 
found to be very inter- 
esting and instructive 
to the young. 
This work is printed in clear, new type, 
on finely calendered paper, and contains 
nearly 300 pages. Bound in cloth, litho- 
graph cover, stamped in colors and gilt. 

Publisher's price, J1.00 

Our Holiday price 42 cents 

Postage extra, 18 cents. 
Child's History of the United States, The. 
By Charles Morris, LL.. D. The largest, 
best, handsomest, latest child's history of 
our country. Contain- 
ing a complete story 
of the three centuries 
of American history 
from the discovery of 
the new world by Co- 
lumbus in 1492 down to 
the year 1900, written 
in simple story-telling 
style as delightful as 
the narrative Is in- 
structive to both chil- 
dren and parents. No 
other child's history 
was ever so beautifully 
and profusely Illustrated. 

About 250 large pages, 3 lithograph 
plates, printed in eight colors, 16 full- 
page half-tones and numerous engravings 
In the text, made especially for this book. 
Bound In linette, printed in gold and col- 
ored. inks. Publisher's price $1.00 

Our Holiday price 47 cents 

Postage extra, 18 cents. 

bound in a varnished board cover, or- 
namented with lithograph design In ten 
colors and gold, with cloth back. Has 32 
full-page illustrations. Size, 7%xl0 inch- 
es, 496 pages, Publisher's price $1.00 

Our Holiday price, 42 cents 

Postage extra, 19 cents. 

Young People's Natural History. — Edited 
and arranged especially for the young by 
Isaac Thome Johnson, A. M. Prom the 
works of Theodore Wood, P. E. S., Henry 
Schleren, P. Z. S„ and other noted au- 

Forming a popular story of animals, 
birds, reptiles, fishes and insects, and de- 
scribing- in easy, sim- 
ple language how wild 
creatures, great and 
small, look, live and 

comprising also 
iy thrilling stories 
adventure with 
n, and amusing an- 
>tes about them, 
short, telling just 
t every curious boy 



know, what very few 
parents can tell them. 
Nearly 200 photo-en- 
to life, showing the ani- 
mals, birds and reptiles in action, enrich 
this volume. These pictures are all mas- 
terpieces imported directly from the fin- 
est zoological collections In the old world. 
They are scientifically correct and they 
are absolutely new pictures procured at a 
great expense for this work. It is print- 
ed on calendered paper, containing five 
full-page lithograph color plates and 32 
full-page half-tone Inserts and 125 fine 
pages. Bound in extra English cloth, with 
beautiful inlaid lithograph center piece, 
and with half-tone and other text illustra- 
tions, 450 large pages. Publisher's price, 


Our Holiday price, 69 cents 

Postage extra, 25 cents. 

Stories from Wonderland.— Travels and ad- 
ventures, or ldo fireside tales, embracing 
marvels of natural his- 


tory, monsters of the 
ancient world, wild an- 
imals, birds and in- 
sects, fishes, trees, 
plants, flowers, etc. 

Thrilling scenes in 
the polar world and the 
tropics, adventure and 
discovery, etc. Pub- 
lisher's price, $1.50 

Holiday price, 64 cents 
Postage extra, 16 cents 
Bible Biographies for the Young. — By Ga- 
len B. Royer. Illus- 
trated. The story of 
the life of each char- 
acter is told in a sim- 
ple yet entertaining 
and instructive man- 
ner. These little vol- 
umes are highly spo- 
ken of by some of our 
best judges of books. 
A set of these little 
books would be a val- 
uable addition to any 
library. The average 


nber of pages 

each book 
Titles : 

Joseph the Ruler. 

Samuel the Judge. 

Moses the Leader. 

Jesus the Savior. "Vol. 1. 

Jesus the Savior. Vol. 2. 

Daniel the Fearless. 

Ruth the True-Hearted. 

David the King. 

Esther the Queen. 

John the Baptist. 

Elijah the Prophet. 

Regular price 35 cents 

Our Holiday price 25 cents 

Postage extra, 5 cents. 

Life of Christ, The.— By C. Farrar. It com- 
prises the birth, infancy and early life 
of Jesus, his baptism and public ministry, 
beautiful parables and 
discourses, and wonder- 
ful miracles, the whole 
forming a complete and 
graphic record of 
history and teachings of 
our Lord and Savior Je- 
sus Christ. 

It is printed from 
clear new typo, on fine 
calendered paper, made 
expressly for the work, 
and comprised in one 
large royal octavo vol- 
ume of over 600 pages. The book is em- 
bellished with a vast gallery of beauti- 
ful engravings. Bound in fine cloth, mar- 
bled edges. Publisher's price, $2,75; our 

Holiday price 95 cents 

Postage extra, 35 cents. 

Story of the Gospel, The.— By Charles Fos- 
ter. The Child's Life of Christ, print- 
ed in short, easy words. Easy to read and 
understand. 36G pages, 160 illustrations. 
Size, 5%-xl% Inches. 

In words children can understand — with 
150 pictures illustrating all the principal 
scenes. The events of the Gospels are 

Birds and Animals 
tory. — Wild anl 

not repeated, but told in their proper 
order, making one full, complete and in- 
teresting Story of the Life of Christ. 

The value of this book to parents and 
teachers, who wish to instruct young per- 
sons in the truths of the Bible can 
scarcely be over-estimated. Its very gen- 
eral use, and sale of more than 150,000 
copies is proof of its merit and popularity. 
Bound in fine cloth, stamped in gilt and 
colors; with ornamental design on the 

cover. Publisher's price 75 cents 

Our Holiday price 50 cents 

Postage extra, 12 cents. 

Pilgrim's Progress.— 
Young People's 

By John Bunyan. The 
Edition. With ex- 
planatory notes by 
Robert McGuire, D. D., 
together with a com- 
plete account of the 
life of John Bunyan, 
or " God's Unlimited 
Grace toward the 
Greatest of Sinners," 
written by himself. Il- 
lustrated by 130 beau- 
tiful engravings by 
Barnard and other 
great artists, to which 
is added " The Little 
Pilgrim," a poem. This superb work is 
rendered more valuable by the biography 
of Bunyan written by himself. Bound In 
one large octavo volume of more than 500 

pages. Publisher's price, $1.50 

Our Holiday price 42 cents 

Postage extra, 19 cents. 

Poetical Musings on Sea and Land.— By 
George D. Zollers, 
author of " Thrill- 
ing Incidents on Sea 
and Land." This 
book is made up of 
choice selections 
from the author's 
large supply of po- 
etical musings 
treating on scenes 
in many parts of 
the globe. Not a 
few poems have 
been written con- 
cerning his extens- 
ive whaling tours. 
You will find it very 
interesting. Cloth, 
stamped In gold, il- 

160 pages. Our Holiday price, 
63 cents 

Postage extra, 8 cents. 

or Child's Natural His- 
als of the tropics, and 
polar regions, beauti- 
ful birdSj embracing 
their habits, modes of 
life and striking pecu- 
liarities. It abounds In 
the most interesting 
accounts by travelers, 
describing their thrill- 
ing experiences with 
wild beasts of the Jun- 
gle and plain. Con- 
tains 260 pages, bound 
in elegant new litho- 
cloth, brilliantly illuminated cover in gold 
and rich colors. Publisher's price, . .$1.00 

Our Holiday price 42 cents 

Postage extra, 15 cents. 

Address all orders to 

Elgin. Illinois. 

Normal Lesson Helps on Life 
of Christ 


This little volume Is the product of much 
study, and is recognized by Bible students as 
a very practical and helpful book on the study 
of the "Life of Christ." 

Sunday-school Teachers, here is a chance 
for you to get a valuable help on the Sun- 
day-school lessons for the entire year of 1906 
for only a few cents. It Is bound in cloth and 
formerly sold at 40 cents. We have one or 
two hundred copies slightly shelf-worn that 
we are going to offer while they last for only 
10 cents. Postage extra, 3 cents. 

In order to secure a copy send at once. 
Elgin, Illinois. 



by giving 50 cents to send the Messenger 
one year to some household where there are 
no members of the Brethren church. Read 
what one sister says: 

Erwin. Tenn., Jan. 10, 1906. 

Brother Jack Pence first sent the Messenger 
to nur home and then Brother Peter Beed had 
it sent to us for six months. Before that 
Lime I knew almost nothing about the Breth- 
ren church, as there were not any Brethren 
at all where I was raised. 

After reading the Messenger for nearly a 
year, and studying my Bible more closely than 
I had ever done before, both my husband and 
myself became very much interested and saw 
things as we had never seen them, and we 
both united with the Brethren church at Bail- 
ey Grove. We have read the Messenger reg- 
ularly since that time, and it has strength- 
ened our faith in the church so much. I 
would be glad if the Messenger could nnd its 
way Into every home In the world. 

With best wishes for the church and the 
I am. 

Be sure to make statement that the per- 
son to whom the paper is sent is in a 
household where no members live. 

Elgin, Illinois, 

Agents Wanted to Sell 

Mayville Class Abroad 

A Good Book. 
Liberal Commission. 

Write for terms to-day. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Value is Counted 

not in dollars, but 

in quality. New 

ideas come by reading 

what others think. 


the INGLENOOK a year. 

We have a special combination 

on two papers. Inquire 

about it. It will pay. 

Elffiu, HL 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 45. 

Elgin, III., February 3, 1906. 

No. 5. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. General Joseph Wheeler died in New York City, 

Jan. 25. During the civil war he was a famous cav- 
. airy leader in the Confederate army, serving four 

Our Ministerial Force " years. In 1882 he was elected to congress and kept 

One Thousand Books to India '3 tnere unt ;i tgo^ when he resigned in order to take 

Thi^racVol CoSnatton, ' :'.'. ". V. V.V. ". V:.::....' 73 up arms against Spain. He rose to the rank of brig- 
The Preacher's Side of It, ?* a( jj er general in the regular army. His life shows 

SupportirrVMtaiSs; ' V.'.V.'.'. '. '. i ! '■ '■ : ". ' '■ '■ ' ■ '■ '• '• '• '■ '• • '■» what a change has taken place since the close of the 

Joseph, the Husband of Mary ' 4 civ ;i war Those who fought to destroy the Union 

Essays, — became devoted defenders of a united country. And 

I am the Door By D Hays. '■■\"\\ 66 this shows that sectionalism is practically dead. May 

Marrying out of Christ By L. rtnoes, . . • ■"" r _ '_ 

The Ten Commandments;— The Fourth Command- ; t never reV ive. There are greater victories than those 

Paul™ Th^nln^Hesh 8 ^' Noa^Eonga'necker, % of war, victories to be won over vice and crime, and 

The First Day Sabbath • ■ ■ • • 68 ; f men of all sect i ns will unite and fight as valiantly 

Se N R7vere^e C ^^re Si S°u n nda B /s J c : l,"oh V&i* | » this conflict as they do in war we shall be a most 

Footsteps o! Jesus. By Cephas Fahnc-stock. 70 p roS p er ous and happy nation. It is not against men 

?:\£i:Jo?W£. ly Altirt c'wieand/'o that we should prepare to fight, but against the powers 

„ j -c„„u„ of evil. We have swords and guns and cannons and 

Home and Family, — , i i • 

In a Bad Humor. By Elizabeth D. Rosenbergcr, .71 war vessels more than enough, but are lacking in 

Sisters' Aid Societies 71 soldiers wn o fight the good fight of faith. 

General Missionary and Tract Department,— 

Moravian Missions— 3 75 China's plans for an army are astonishing the na- 

IrZvya^'l'lat' B B y y I:w. B Ros l s gh :.: :::::::: :::/5 tions. The Japanese have been helping to arouse 

Missions, Home and Foreign. By Daniel Niswan- China. Besides, China's ablest soldier, General Yin 

der 3 Tchang, has had training in military affairs in Ger- 

~ many. Seven young men, graduates of the great 

AROUND THE WORLD. Chinese Military Academy at Wuchang, are studying 

„_^_ mm -^_~— ~~~ : — - — — — — • at Cassel, one of the most important military centers 

Dec. 13, 1905, a bill was introduced in congress, j„ nor th Germany. They will take a prominent part in 

the first section of which reads as follows : " That t i, e organization of the great army. Two years ago 

on and after the passage of this act no internal revenue the army numbered a hundred thousand men ; now it 

tax shall be levied or collected on ethyl alcohol of do- ; s twice that many, and it is to be doubled again soon, 

mestic production which has been rendered undrink- The number is to be raised until it reaches a million 

able or unfit for use as a beverage, prior to withdrawal arlf i a quarter. The men will be carefully chosen, will 

from distillery bonded warehouse." The bill has the serve three years as regulars and six as reserves. Be- 

support of the liquor interests, and is but the wgin- sides the officers in Germany, others are studying at 

ran" of an effort to secure free alcohol. One of the West Point and Tokio. Trained and led by able lead- 

Iiqu°or papers says : " Upon the passage of this meas- e rs, in a few years the Chinese army will be more than 

ure there will result such an increase in the demand able to hold its own against any army Europe can 

for alcohol that the facilities of the various concerns send, and the empire will not be bullied as in the past, 

engaged in its manufacture, will be more than doubled, We are glad for the awakening of China, but arc sor- 

thus giving employment to thousands more work- ry to see it take so decided a military turn. China 

men." Another paper says: "The passage of the needs to be taught the way of the Prince of Peace, 

Calderhead bill, now pending in congress, would be not the way of war. 

a great benefit also to the distillers, as it will assist in 
the establishment of more distilleries." There are al- 
ready too many distilleries and too many men engaged 
in them. We should regret to see any law made 
which would tend to increase the consumption of al- 
cohol. Drink is the cause of a very large per cent 
of the misery and crime of our country, and God for- 
bid that evil should be increased. We shall be glad 
for the day when there is not a distillery or a brewery 
in this fair land of ours. 

still remain a length over a thousand miles. . . . 
If we should desire to place this vast quantity of 
liquid in a single tank, we would have to build a 
structure fifteen hundred feet long, two hundred and 
fifty feet wide, and over three thousand three hundred 
feet high." New oil fields are being developed con- 
stantly. But one cannot help wondering how long 
the supply will last, for it must come to an end some 

A New York justice has come to the conclusion 
that the taking of an oath amounts to nothing, so far 
as securing the truth is concerned. And he is right, 
for if a man will lie he will also swear to it. The 
justice says : " I have removed the Bible from use in 
my court because I consider it was a desecration to 
use it there. Lying words from the mouths of wit- 
nesses made its use a mockery. I was brought up to 
regard it with veneration and reverence as the Word 
of God. It is shocking to find men calling upon the 
Deity to witness to the truth of what they say — ' so 
help me God ' — with a lie in their hearts and upon 
the lips by which they profaned the good book. I 
now swear or affirm a witness with uplifted hand, but 
it really has no significance to my mind. I would pre- 
fer to let every person tell his or her story without 
either oath or affirmation and then do the best I can 
toward ascertaining the truth." 

That a strike is a poor way to settle a difference 
between employer and employe has been shown anew 
in Detroit, Mich., where the struggle is over the eight- 
hour day. The printers who are working contribute 
to the support of those who are not, giving fifteen per 
cent of their wages. The loss in wages of the hundred 
and fifty men since the strike began has been consid- 
erably more than fifty thousand dollars. Taking all 
things into consideration, the union has lost about 
thirty-five thousand dollars besides the wages, which 
would be an average of nearly six hundred dollars for 
each man on strike. And Detroit is only one of the 
places where there has been loss of wages, and other 
expenses on account of the strike for the eight-hour 
day. The lot of the average printer in the city is not 
one which will arouse the sympathy of the public, for 
he gets good pay and is not overworked. In many 
cases the more money they get and the more leisure 
they have, the worse it is for them in every way. 

Ninety cents a week is a small amount to make, 
but investigation has shown that many women and 
girls in Chicago are not able to earn more than that 
during the dull season. These work at finishing gar- 
ments. If they could have work to keep them busy 
all the time they could make living wages. Sometimes 
the women must stand in line for hours in order to 
secure one pair of trousers to finish at home, and the 
pay per pair is fifteen cents. Some of the women 
have children dependent upon them. And cold and 
hunger are often suffered. It is not strange that un- 
der such conditions vice and crime are resorted to. 
There ought to be some way to help these unfortunates 
without making them paupers. That is one of the 
many city problems to be solved by the Christian peo- 

Not long ago the Scientific American gave some 
interesting figures and made some comparisons cal- 
culated to show the amount of kerosene oil produced 
in 1904. There were no less than two hundred and 
nineteen million barrels of forty-two gallons each. 
Of this quantity the United States produced a little 
more than half— one hundred and seventeen million 
barrels. " If we could form a vast chain, each link 
being represented by one of these 42-gallon barrels, 
with all the units in contact with the two immediately 
next to them, we would have a band of such magni- 
tude that it could be passed around the earth equator- 
ially no less than five times, and even then there would 

Kino Christian IX of Denmark died suddenly on 
Monday of this week, in the eighty-eighth year of his 
age. He became king in 1863 on the death of Fred- 
erick VII. At that time he was a captain of infantry. 
Frederick VII died without heirs, and the Danish par- 
liament elected Christian king. At the beginning of 
his reign, Prussia by force of arms took the duchies 
of Holstcin, Schleswig, and Lanenberg. There were 
also internal troubles, but the king won the love of 
his people. He was often seen on the streets of Copen- 
hagen, where he went about dressed as a citizen of the 
middle class, and he rode in the street car oftener than 
in the royal carriage. King Christian was called the 
father and the father-in-law of Europe. Queen Alex- 
andra of England is his daughter, as is the dowager 
empress of Russia, the mother of the czar. King 
George of Greece is his son, and Haakon VII, recently 
chosen king of Norway, is his grandson. George, 
Prince of Wales, another grandson, will some day be 
king of England. King Christian is succeeded by his 
son, Frederick VIII, who was born in 1843. There 
is mourning at several courts of Europe, and also 
over the world, for King Christian was a good ex- 
ample for other kings and rulers to pattern after. 

The nonpartisan mayor of a city may become the 
popular one. Indeed he should have been long ago, 
for partisanship has no lawful place in local affairs. 
There are two nonpartisan mayors who are attracting 
attention because they arc nonpartisan and look out 
for the interests of the city rather than of the party. 
One of them is Mayor Sweet of Grand Rapids, Mich., 
and the other is Mayor Jones of Minneapolis, Minn. 
The former was elected as a democrat; the latter is 
a republican, but said he would be nonpartisan. This 
declaration almost cost him the election, for it turned 
the. republican machine against him. Mayor Sweet 
became nonpartisan soon after his election because of 
the demands made on him by. the democratic machine 
when appointments were to be made by him. Bosses 
and machines, both republican and democratic, have 
received some hard blows of late. They should be 
put entirely out of business, for they make for cor- 
ruption and increase vice arid crime. The people 
should turn away from the boss, for he is their enemy. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 3, 1908. 

-a B S S A V S K- 

■Study to show thyself Approved unto God. a workman that needeth not 
be ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth. 


By my hand, O Jesus, take me — 
Gone astray— lost from thy track; 

Only thou canst reach and save me; 
Jesus, Savior, lead me back! 

Tenderly the gentle Savior, 

Stretched his loving hand to me,— 

Touched me,— led me, false and foolish, 
Back where I my way could see. 

" Be thou, son, a better servant, 
Try no paths that go astray:' 

Help is mine; but help not always 
Findeth one. Keep thou the way. 

" Watch thy step; thy soul keep shining, 
Speak my words,— thy tongue canst learn; 

Fill thy hands with acts of rescue; 
Others thou canst help return." 

R. R. 1, Churubusco, Ind. 



I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be 
saved and shall go in and out and find pasture.— John 

A "tract" — "Baptism. — Is it for the remission 
of sins ? "—refers to a " street preacher " who quoted 
Acts 2: Z7, 38 to prove that in the way of salvation 
there is no remission of sins without baptism. Now 
this street preacher's statement, if quoted correctly, 
is exceedingly narrow, but the writer of the tract 
(C. J. B.) in his effort to correct the " street preach- 
er " makes a number of statements still more con- 
tracted. He refers to Acts 16: 30, 31, to. prove that 
" to believe on the Lord Jesus Christ " is the essential 
thing; and then finds in Gal. 2: 7, 8 the key to unlock 
the mystery — that there are two Gospels, one to the 
Jews, the other to the Gentiles— that Peter had the 
keys and unlocked one door, and let the Jews in by 
repentance and baptism for the remission of sins, and 
when he unlocked the other door, he let the Gentiles 
pass in by "believing on the Lord Jesus Christ" — 
quoting Peter's statement, at the house of Cornelius, 
" that through his name whosoever believeth in him 
shall receive remission of sins." Acts 10: 43. 

Now at first sight this looks a little plausible, but 
if we pause long enough to ask Peter who " unlocked 
the door " to the Gentiles, about it, as he stands among 
his brethren in the council at Jerusalem, he says: 
" God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, 
giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us; 
and put no difference between us (the Jews) and them 
(the Gentiles), purifying their hearts by faith." Acts 
15: 8, 9. If, then, faith is the door into the kingdom 
for the Gentiles, it is also the door into the kingdom 
for the Jews, for Peter declares that God put no dif- 
ference between them. 

But why rest the case here? Does not Jesus say, 
"There shall be one fold and one shepherd"? And 
does he not say, " He that entereth not by the door 
into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, 
the same is a thief and a robber "? John 10: 1. And 
what is this way, and door? Jesus says,, " / am the 
way" (John 14: 6), and "/ am the door." Peter 
with the keys says " there is none other name under 
heaven given among men whereby we must be saved " 
(Acts 4: 12). And does not Paul say: " For ye are 
all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus"? 
and then gives the reason, " For as many of you as 
have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 
There is neither Jew nor Greek . . . for ye are 
all one in Christ Jesus." Gal. 3 : 26, 27. 

But the trouble with many that want to believe 
themselves into the kingdom is that they believe long 
enough to imagine themselves through the " door," 
and then they want to, do as they please about be- 
lieving. The jailer not only believed, but kept on be- 

lieving until he was baptized, and rejoiced, " believing 
in God with all his house." Did not the Jews on 

Pentecost believe when they asked, " Men and breth- 
ren, what shall we do? And Peter told them, 
Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name 
of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall 
receive the gift of the Holy Ghost"? Was not Paul 
a believer, and had he not thoroughly repented of his 
sins, when Ananias came to him in Damascus and 
said, "And now why tarriest thou? Arise and be 
baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name 
of the Lord " ? (Acts 22 : 16.) And is it to be credited 
for a moment that the jailer had no sins to be sorry for, 
because Paul told him to " believe on the Lord Jesus 
Christ, and thou shalt be saved and thy house "? 

Let us call upon James, and ask him: " Here is a 
man who thinks he can get into the kingdom simply 
by faith; what do you say about it? " James' answer 
is, " Show me thy faith without thy works, and I 
will show thee my faith by my works." " For as the 
body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works 
is dead also " (James 2: 18-26). What is the teach- 
ing of Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles? He says, 
" For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth 
anything, nor uncircumcision ; but faith which work- 
eth by love" (Gal. 5: 6). This is Paul who told the 
jailer to "believe on the Lord Jesus Christ," and this 
shows what kind of faith is meant: he wants a faith 
that works by love. This is Paul who said, " Not of 
works, lest any man should boast ; " and then proceeds 
to explain, " For we are his workmanship, created in 
Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before 
ordained that we should walk in them" (Eph. 2: 9, 
10). Then our Lord makes the one rule universal 
when he says, " Go ye into all the world and preach 
the Gospel to every creature. He that believeth and 
is baptised shall be saved; but he that believeth not 
shall be damned." Mark 16: 15, 16. 

The writer of the " tract " in his effort to disconnect 
baptism from the means of salvation for the Gentiles, 
ventures back to John 3: 5, where Jesus lays down 
the law of regeneration and entrance into his king- 
dom : " Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man 
be born of water and of the Spirit, he can not enter 
into the kingdom of God." Upon this the writer says, 
" It is no use to contend that water here means literal 
water, for in the very next chapter Jesus says, ' The 
water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of 
water springing up into everlasting life.' John 4: 14." 
Is it reasonable to conclude that Jesus was not able 
to change the subject when, after leaving Judea for 
Galilee, he sits on Jacob's well and converses with a 
woman of Samaria? Besides, how will it read when 
we take water out of John 3: 5, and substitute his 
interpretation ? " Except a man be born of spirit and 
of the Spirit." Then in John 4: 14 the water is 
named as the gift of Jesus and has no reference to 
the new birth, and in Romans 6 baptism is referred 
to as a burial. " We are buried with him "—not in 
the grave — but " by baptism into death ; " and no one 
is left buried in baptism, but comes forth a new 
creature, to " walk in newness of life," and the coming 
forth is the being born of water. This is in harmony 
with Eph. 5 : 26. " Christ also loved the church, and 
gave himself for' it; that he might sanctify and cleanse 
it with the washing of water by the word ; " and of 
Titus 3: 15, "According to his mercy he saved us, 
by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of 
the Holy Ghost." Here " the washing of regenera- 
tion " is one thing and " the renewing of the Holy 
Ghost " is another. The washing of water by the 
Word means that it must be done according to the 
Word, and by the employment of the sacred formula 
(Matt. 28: 19) in the performance of the sacred rite. 

The " street preacher " might with safety say that 
repentance and baptism are for the remission of sins 
of the penitent believer, referring to Acts 2 : 38 ; and 
" without shedding of blood is no remission " (Heb. 
9: 22), conditioned upon: "If we walk in the light, 
as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with an- 
other, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth 
us from all sin." 1 John 1 : 7. 

But the strangest part of it all is that the writer 
of the " tract " closes with a curse instead of a bless- 

ing. When a man loses his temper it is an evidence 
of the weakness of his cause. " Vengeance is mine ; 
I will repay, saith the Lord." 
Broadway, Va. 



I am most happy to think we have a few brethren 
who are not afraid to proclaim the full truth of the 
Gospel relative to the question of members marrying 
outside of the church. I believe the apostle Paul had 
reference to this in 2 Corinthians, sixth chapter. Look 
it over and study it well. Begin with the fourteenth 
verse and read to the end, where he says: " Be ye not 
unequally yoked together with unbelievers : for what 
fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness ? 
and what communion hath light with darkness? And 
what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part 
hath he that believeth with an infidel? And what 
agreement hath the temple of God with idols ? " etc. 
Then turn to Deut. 7: 3, 4; Josh. 23: 12, 13, and Lev. 
21 ; 13, 14, and see how it was with the Lord and his 
people in olden times. 

I fear that we, as a church, do not give this matter 
due consideration, nor do we teach our children prop- 
erly, but often let them go on in their blindness until 
it is too late. I know of cases where the parents 
lament with sorrow, but to no avail. I know a young 
sister whose gentleman friend was not a member of 
the church, but who seemed to think the world of the 
church, and even gave out the impression that he too 
would soon be in it, but alas ! for the poor sister. 
They were married, the husband never came into the 
church, but turned out to be bad, and the poor wife 
had a life of sorrow all her days. Sisters, how would 
you like to be the wife of a saloon-keeper or a gamb- 
ler? Then beware ere it is. too late 1 We can find a 
number of such instances of both brethren and sisters. 

I have often felt very sorry to see young brethren 
give all their attention to unconverted girls, when 
there were plenty of girls just as good among our 
sisters, — but so it goes. Can we expect anything bet- 
ter if our members delve into the unknown without 
a thought ? I know of ministers who were guilty of 
this, and after a short time were led away from the 
church, and now preach for others — the wife's liking. 

O brethren and sisters, let not your love run away 
with your judgment, but study well what you are do- 
m ,?< g" et acquainted with the object of your love and 
know whether you will be suited to each other before 
you are united in marriage. Then you may not need to 
shed so many tears for things that cannot be changed. 

Study well the Scriptures and do as they teach, then 
all may be well, and there need not be so much sorrow 
and distress and so many separations, of which the 
American nation seems to be full. Where is the com- 
fort to a poor sister in her family toils when her 
husband does not help her, spiritually or even other- 
wise, as a husband should? In a matter of this sort 
I pity the sisters more than I do the brethren, for the 
brethren seem to have more privileges and should not 
be so much deceived in marrying out of the church 
as we know the sisters often are. 

Newton, Ka-ns. 


Ned and his grandmother are the best of friends, 
but sometimes the little boy's tongue is too quick to 
please the old lady. Then Ned apologizes, after a 
fashion of his own, which his grandmother approves. 

'* I got tired lugging that wheelbarrow for grand- 
mother when she was changing her plants," Ned said 
to his mother, recounting the day's events at bed- 
time, " and I said, ' I wish there wasn't another speck 
of this hateful dirt in all the world 1 ' But then after- 
ward I 'pologized." 

" I'm glad of that," said his mother. " Did you tell 
her you were sorry? " 

" No, that's not the kind grandmother likes best," 
said Ned. " I got another wheelbarrowful, and I just 
said, ' Don't you want some more of this nice dirt, 
grandmother?' And then we were all right again." 
—Youth's Companion. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 3, 1906. 



There is much confusion in the minds of Christian 
people touching the- obligations of the fourth com- 
mandment. Some contend that the keeping of the 
seventh day is required. Some insist that the ob- 
ligations of the seventh day have been transferred to 
the first day of the week. Others accept the latter 
view with the exception that the stern requirements 
of the seventh day are somewhat mitigated. And 
still others refuse to recognize any day at all which 
should be observed. The writer insists that all of 
these views are involved in error. 

In order to divest this subject of the false notions 
concerning it, I shall proceed according to the meth- 
od and plan of another teacher to set forth the scrip- 
ture teaching as to the Sabbath in several proposi- 

1. The Sabbath as a law is clearly a Jewish insti- 
tution. " Keep the Sabbath day to sanctify it, as the 
Lord thy God hath commanded thee. Six days thou 
shalt labor, and do all thy work. . . . And re- 
member that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, 
and that the Lord thy God brought thee out thence 
through a mighty hand and by a stretched-out arm: 
therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep 
the sabbath day." Deut. 5: 12-15. In Exodus, when 
the Ten Commandments are given, they are prefaced 
by the declaration that they are based upon his gra- 
cious deliverance of the Israelites out of the house 
of Egyptian bondage. Again (see Ex. 31: 13-17), 
" Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, 
Verily, my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign 
between me and you throughout your generations: 
that ye may know that I am the Lord that doth sancti- 
fy you. Ye shall keep the sabbath, therefore, for it 
is holy unto you : every one that defileth it shall surely 
be put to death ; for whosoever doeth any work there- 
in, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. 
Six days may work be done ; but in the seventh is the 
sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord; whosoever doeth 
any' work in the sabbath day he shall surely be put 
to death. Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep 
the sabbath to observe the sabbath throughout their 
generations, for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign 
between me and the children of Israel forever: for 
in six days the Lord made heaven and earth and on 
the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed." Many 
times in the Scriptures it is stated that the giving of 
the sabbath as a law was .to the Jews. We are now 
living in Gentile times. The Jews have been set aside 
for the time being. Likewise the sabbath which is a 
Jewish institution is not binding upon those not Jews. 
When the time of the Gentiles shall be complete then 
shall God restore the Jews with their institutions. See 
Romans 11. 

2. The law written on stones is done away. 2 Cor. 
3: 7-11. "But if the ministration of death, written 
and engraved in stones, was glorious so that the chil- 
dren of Israel could not steadfastly behold the face 
of Moses ... for if that which is done away 
was glorious, much more that which remaineth is 
glorious." " For Christ is the end of the law for 
righteousness to every one that believeth." Rom. 10: 
4. If the law was done away, then the sabbath was 
done away also. Christians are dead to the law by 
the body of Christ. In Rom. 7: 1-4 it is taught that 
the Christian is as free from the law as a woman is 
from the claims of a dead husband. The law was not 
given to save sinners or to rule saints, but to reveal 
sin. " By the law is the knowledge of sin." Some 
one says then if the law is done away I am at liberty 
to steal, lie, etc. Not so, as we shall see in the next 


3. Every one of the ten commandments has been 

reaffirmed in the New Testament except the fourth. 
" Thou shalt not commit adultery," " Thou shalt not 
kill," " Thou shalt not steal," " Thou shalt not bear 
false witness," " Thou shalt not covet " (Rom. 13:9), 
" Honor thy father and mother " (Eph. 6: 2), " But 
above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by 
heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath ; 
but let your yea be yea, and your nay, nay " (James 
5 : 12) ; " Little children, keep yourselves from idols " 
(1 John 5: 21). It will be at once seen that every 
one of these commandments, except the fourth, is 
reaffirmed and made binding upon Christians, not as 
law, but because of their embodiment of eternal prin- 
ciples of righteousness. 

4. The sabbath is plainly declared not to be binding 
upon Christians. " Let no man judge you in meat, 
or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the 
new moon, or of the sabbath days ; which are a shadow 
of things to come." Col. 2: 16, 17. 

These propositions have cleared the way sufficiently 
to enable us to set forth in a final proposition the 
proper day to keep. The " first day of the week " is 
the proper day for a Christian to observe. He is not 
to observe it as law, but as a matter of glorious and 
exalted privilege. He is on resurrection ground,— 
therefore above law. The idea involved in sabbath is 
rest; that involved in the resurrection day is activity. 
This day is not a day in which the Christian lounges 
about — merely cessation from toil — but a day marked 
by separation from secular labor to be intensely en- 
gaged in the direct work of the Lord. 

The sabbath has never been changed. The " first 
day of the week " is not the sabbath. The mixing up 
of sabbath and the first day of the week and calling 
it the " Christian sabbath " has no foundation in 
Scripture, and is but a part of the awful admixture 
of law and grace of this day. There is but one name 
in Scripture for the day which Christians keep in 
memory of their risen Lord, and that is " the first day 
of the week." 

While the keeping of this day is a matter of privi- 
lege, woe unto the one who abuses this privilege. 
There is an eternal principle embodied in this com- 
mandment which has not been abrogated, viz., the 
need of physical rest and spiritual refreshment. The 
man who ignores this principle and abuses this privi- 
lege suffers physically and spiritually. The principle 
or law of resting one day out of sevenis inexorable 
in its demands. The man who attempts to work seven 
days out of the week soon becomes a physical wreck ; 
and the Christian who ignores the necessity of spend- 
ing one day in seven in attendance upon spiritual mat- 
ters soon becomes a spiritual dwarf. 

Furthermore, a true and well-instructed Christian 
will not use the first day of the week for secular work 
or amusements. Sunday excursions, baseball games, 
or any other games, feasting, etc., will find no place 
in his life. He will seek for opportunities for the 
refreshing of his spirit by study of the Word of God, 
attendance upon the place of worship, and the doing 
of practical work of helpfulness. This he does not 
as a slave to law, but as a child of God. 

We thus see in the fourth commandment the two 
principles of work and rest standing together. They 
are inwrought in the very nature of things. Work is 
man's normal condition. This was God's primal 
thought for man. Even before the fall man was " to 
dress and keep" the garden. Every effort to get 
away from honest toil is rebellion against God. The 
present day longing and scheming to get a living with- 
out working surely incurs the displeasure of God. 
The command to work six days is just as binding as 
the command to rest the seventh. Here is a psy- 
chological solution of pauperism. " If any man will 

not work, let him not eat," sets forth the divine mind 
concerning the matter. It is a thousand times more 
generous to provide employment for the suffering poor 
than to make gratuitous gifts. If work was God's 
primal thought for man — if it was necessary before 
the fall — how much more now. When man fell, God 
increased the limits of toil — he cursed the earth. 
Perhaps the loving kindness of God was never more 
exhibited than when he subjected the creation to the 
curse. Toil has a redeeming power. 

Correlated with tvork is rest — rest for the body. 
This commandment enjoins rest upon the servants as 
well as the head of the family. It may be well for 
those who hire girls to work in the kitchen not to make 
Sunday the day of big dinners when the girl is 
obliged to remain at home to prepare them. 
North Manchester, Ind. 



Lest I should be exalted above measure through the 
abundance of the revelations, there was given lo me a 
thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, 
lest I should be exalted above measure. — 2 Cor. 12:7. 

According to 2 Cor. 11 and 12, Paul was a highly 
favored man. While many gloried in the flesh, Paul 
could do more. As to the flesh he was not a whit 
behind any man. But in " the abundance of revela- 
tions " he far excelled all men. Paul was human, 
hence there was danger of his being exalted above 
measure. Hence God permitted Satan to buffet him. 
But like Job, God did not permit Satan to destroy his 
life. Satan is the false accuser of God's people. The 
Lord said of Job, "There is none like him in the 
earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth 
God, and eschewcth evil." Satan began falsely to 
accuse Job before the Lord. To prove that Satan 
lied, the Lord permitted him to afflict Job by severe- 
ly buffeting him. Some quote Job 30: 11 to prove 
that the Lord afflicted Job. They fail to read care- 
fully chapters one and two. " So went Satan forth 
from the presence of the Lord, and smote Job with 
sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown." 
Job 2 : 7. 

The Bible throughout speaks of God as doing that 
which, in the course of his divine providence, he per- 
mits to be done. Discard this statement, and you make 
the Bible a bundle of contradictions. When God per- 
mits he does so for good. Not so Satan and his host. 
God meant it for good when he permitted Satan to 
buffet Paul with that severe thorn in the flesh. God 
would not have Paul abased by self-exaltation. Satan 
no doubt wished to discourage him and cripple his 
life work. God often counteracts moral evil by per- 
mitting physical evil. Paul's thorn in the flesh was 
certainly some affliction of the body. Some physical 
evil. What that affliction was we may not surely 
know, unless inference is safe to rely on. Some writ- 
ers contend that Paul was sorely afflicted in his eyes. 
We all know that such an affliction would make his 
" bodily presence appear rvcak " before his hearers. 
One of the references from this text is 2 Cor. 12: 
5-7. Another is Gal. 4: 13, 14. Paul reasons thus: 
" Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I 
preached the gospel unto you at the first. And my 
temptation which was in my flesh ye despised not, 
nor rejected; but received me as an angel of God, 
even as Christ Jesus. Where is then the blessedness 
ye spake of? For I bear you record, that, if it had 
been possible, ye would have plucked out your own 
eyes, and have given them to me." The Galatian 
brethren at first had great love and concern for Paul. 
They would have done anything possible to assist 
him in his work. And as they saw the great need 
Paul had of good eyes, they would have plucked out 
their own eyes and given them to him, if by so do- 
ing they could have relieved his infirmity of the flesh. 
Who can fail to see the force of Paul's reasoning? 

If profane history can 
had scribes to do his writing. Why? 1 
were not always in chains. Stephanus. 
Achaicus, Timotheus, Titus, 
phroditus, Onesimus, etc., 

be relied on, Paul mostly 
His hands 
Lucas, Tychicus, Epa- 
were some who assisted 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 3, 1906. 

Paul in writing his epistles. Such is not said of the 
epistles of James, Peter, John, and Jude. Why not? 
If there is an infirmity of the flesh that would be a 
thorn of Satan to buffet public writers and speakers, 
that infirmity is sore or afflicted eyes. And as the 
love of the Galatian church, at first, was so great for 
Paul, they would have come to his help by plucking 
out their own eyes, and would have given them to 
Paul, But they could not help him in this infirmity. 
Satan's aim in buffeting God's people is always evil. 
Not so God's in oermitting it. 

The principle given by the editor a few weeks since 
on the above topic is certainly the true one. Whether 
the writer here properly applied said principle to Paul's 
case the reader will judge by the Bible. There are 
other applications made on the above text. One is 
that the thorn in the flesh was " the sinful human na- 
ture that was yet dwelling in Paul." This view is 
antiscriptural in the extreme. But we thankfully be- 
lieve that the disciples of said views are fast on the 
decline. " Mongrel " religion should be expunged 
from the " Christian vocabulary." 
HartvUle, Ohio. 


The Holy Spirit anticipated all the various heresies 
that would break out toward the close of the Gentile 
age, and he so inspired the writing of the New Testa- 
ment as to ward off and answer beforehand these 
various heresies. Among these errors is that one 
which broke out some years ago concerning the keep- 
ing of the seventh day of the week, or Jewish Sabbath, 
instead of the first day of the week, or Christian Sab- 
bath. If the Scriptures had been properly translated 
there need never have been any confusion concerning 
the proper Christian Sabbath, and it seems perfectly 
inexcusable that the translators should have put the 
word week as a translation for the Greek word Sab- 
bath in so many places. In summing up in brief the 
proofs that the first day of the week is the Christian 
Sabbath, we may notice the following points : 

First. In all places in the New Testament where 
our common version reads, " The first day of the 
week," the Greek has it, " The first day Sabbath," and 
there is no more reason why the word week should 
be used as a translation of the word Sabbath than 
why the word January should be used for it. In 
Matthew 28: 1, where the translation reads, "In the 
end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the 
first day of the week," the Greek reads, " In the end 
of the Sabbath, as it was getting dusk, toward the 
first day Sabbath, came Mary Magdalene and the other 
Mary to see the sepulchre," the Greek word being 
" mian Sabbaton." From this we see most positively 
that the Holy Spirit himself settled the first day Sab- 
bath as over against the last day Sabbath of the Jew- 
ish age. People often ask, Is there no real scriptural 
proof for changing the Sabbath from the last day 
of the week to the first day of the week? I answer, 
We have abundant and positive proof, for the Holy 
Spirit in this passage refers to the last day Sabbath 
of the Jews, and then the first day Sabbath, the day 
of Christ's resurrection, and he calls the first day Sab- 
bath just as positively as the last day Sabbath. Also 
in Mark 16: 1, 2, where we read " that when the Sab- 
bath was passed Mary Magdalene, and Mary, the 
mother of Jesus, and Salome, brought sweet spices, 
that they might anoint the body of Jesus, and very 
early on the first day Sabbath they came to the tomb," 
Greek " mian Sabbaton." Here again the translators 
made the terrible blunder of translating the word 
Sabbath by the word week. We see here that the 
Holy Spirit referred to the Jewish Sabbath, and says 
that it was past, and then just as emphatically speaks 
of the first day Sabbath, recognizing it as the Chris- 
tian Sabbath, and as truly the Sabbath of the New 
Testament as the seventh day was the Sabbath of the 
Old Testament. Again, in the same chapter, verse 9, 
where our version reads that Jesus was risen early 
on the first day of the week, the Greek reads that he 
had risen early the first day Sabbath. The old law 
was that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every 
word should be established, and here we have three 
positive scripture proofs where the Holy Spirit called 

the first day of the week by the title " first day Sab- 
bath," in contradistinction from " last day Sabbath." 
Another proof text is found in 1 Corinthians 16: 2, 
where our version reads, " Upon the first day of the 
week let every one of you lay by him in store," the 
Greek reads, " every first day Sabbath let each of you 
treasure up according as God has prospered him." 
So here we see, many years after Pentecost, the Apos- 
tle Paul spoke of the first day Sabbath as the Christian 

Second. Not only is the first day of the week men- 
tioned over and over again by the Holy Spirit as 
" first day Sabbath," but it is spoken of in such a way 
as to make it rank not only as first in the order of the 
days of the week, but first in rank or dignity of 
order. There are two Greek words which we trans- 
late by the word " first " ; one means " first " in the 
order of time, and the other means first in the order 
of rank or dignity. The word " mian" means " first " 
simply in the order of time, but the word " protos " 
means first in rank. Thus, if I were speaking of 
soldiers, and should say " the first man to fire a gun," 
I would use the word " mian," but if I should, say of 
a certain man that " he was the first officer of the 
army," I would use the word " protos" This is the 
word used in Mark 16: 9, where we read: "Now, 
when Jesus was risen early on the first day of the 
week," the Greek is " prote Sabba-ton," which not only 
means the " first day Sabbath " in the order of mere 
time, but that the " first day of the week " had been 
lifted into a new order of rank and constituted the 
true Sabbath of believers, and we see the perfect pro- 
priety of the Holy Spirit using this word " protos Sab- 
baton," because it was in connection with a statement 
of the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, w r hich 
lifted that day out of the ordinary rank of other days 
and promoted it to a higher rank as the Sabbath from 
that time on for all believers. What a pity it is that so 
much wrangling has been produced about the first day 
Sabbath, all for lack of a correct translation of the 
words given us by the Holy Spirit. But to prove 
this point with regard to the " protos Sabbaton," that 
is first day Sabbath ranking as a new order, we find 
the same words used by Paul in 1 Corinthians 15: 47, 
where, in speaking of Adam being the first man and 
Christ the second man from heaven, Paul does not 
use the word " mian," which simply means " first " 
in the order of time, but he used the word " protos," 
which means first in the order of rank, that is, when 
God created Adam he introduced a new and higher 
rank of creatures into the world than had previously 
existed and so the day that Jesus arose from the dead 
was recognized as taking rank over all other days, 
and hence it is spoken of by the Spirit not only as 
the first day Sabbath in the mere point of time, but 
as the first day Sabbath, outranking all the other days 
of the week. This gives us a double proof in the 
Greek Testament of the first day of the week being 
appointed by the Holy Spirit as the true Sabbath. 

Third. On the Jewish Sabbath the body of our 
Lord was dead and lying in the tomb, so that the 
Jewish Sabbath died with Jesus, as on that day he 
was dead. Jesus is the creator of all worlds, and the 
sovereign over all days, and times and creatures, and 
has infinite rights to change and modify times and 
seasons according to the sovereignty of his own will. 
He himself affirms that " he was Lord of the Sabbath 
day," and from the fact that he was dead on the Jew- 
ish Sabbath proves that the Jewish Sabbath from 
henceforth should also be dead, and the very day he 
arose from the dead, is continually spoken of in the 
Greek as " first day Sabbath." Jesus is our life and our 
resurrection and our holiness, and it is a singular fact 
that every person who is stickler for the Jewish Sab- 
bath fails to receive the full baptism of the Holy 
Ghost, or else they wane in their spiritual experience 
and become the worst kind of legalists, serving God 
by the law and not in the power of the Holy Ghost. 

Fourth. It is worth remembering the first day 
Adam and Eve lived on this earth was the Sabbath. 
God created them at the close of the six days of 
creation, but they had not lived through the great 
geological periods of the week of creation, and so 
they lived their first day on the Sabbath. This is 
a clear prophecy that the Sabbath was a type of 

the first day of life, so that when the Holy Spirit 
changed the Sabbath to the first day of the week, 
the day of resurrection, the day of victorious life, 
he was simply repeating over again the parable of 
creation, that the newborn soul living in the Spirit 
and resurrection of Jesus was to take its first day of 
life for Sabbath, and not the last day. 

Fifth. Another prophecy of the first day Sabbath 
is presented in the order of the Lord's feasts as given 
to us in the twenty-third chapter of Leviticus. There 
are seven feasts mentioned in that chapter, and the 
first of them is the feast of the Sabbath. If we look 
into those seven feasts we find they set forth the 
various progressive steps in a full Christian life ; as, 
for instance, the first is that of the feast of the Sab- 
bath, which represents the ceasing from our own 
works that we may begin to live a life of faith ; and, 
second, the feast of the passover, or getting under the 
merit of the atoning blood; and, third, the feast of 
the first fruits, which represents entire consecration ; 
and then the feast of Pentecost, which represents the 
full baptism of the Spirit; and then the feast of the 
blowing of the trumpets, which represents Christian 
testimony with tongues of fire ; and then the feast of 
the atonement, which represents them being a partaker 
with the suffering of Jesus, the deeper death to self; 
and, lastly, the feast of the tabernacles, which sets 
forth the triumphant life of joy, which is the result 
of a life of complete victory in Jesus. In these feasts 
we notice that of the Sabbath comes first, which was 
a prophecy that the believer was to have his Sabbath 
at the beginning, and not at the end. 

Sixth. Those who contend for the keeping of the 
last day of the week for Sabbath should remember 
that in the very nature of things it would be im- 
possible for the inhabitants of the whole world to be 
keeping the same day for Sabbath at the same time. 
If a traveler should go around the world from the 
west, traveling towards the east, he would gain one 
day in making the circuit of the world, and, on the 
other hand, if he should travel around the world going 
from the east toward the west, he would lose a whole 
day; in other words, two men leaving London, the 
one going east and the other going west, making the 
circuit of the world, when they meet again in London 
there would be two days' difference in their calendar, 
as one had been traveling with the sun and the other 
against it. This shows the utter absurdity of con- 
tending for one special day for the Sabbath as of be- 
ing equally binding on all the inhabitants of the world 
at the same time. We must remember the Sabbath 
day has not been repealed, but we must also remem- 
ber that the Scriptures tell us " it is a shadow of good 
things to come," that is, of a soul freed from all sin 
and self-works, and perfectly at rest in God and his 
will; and, also, we must remember that the same in- 
finite God who instituted the Jewish Sabbath at the 
last day of the week, with the same infinite authority 
put the Christian Sabbath at the first day of the week, 
and by the Holy Spirit speaks of it over and over 
again as the first Sabbath, in contradistinction from 
the last day Sabbath.— G. D. Watson, in The Wesley- 
an Methodist. 



In my last article appearing in these columns I an- 
nounced the organization of the New Mexico mission. 
Were all the facts known, the reasons for setting on 
foot an evangelizing movement by the Brethren in 
this great territory would appear abundant. There 
are several phases of the religious situation in New 
Mexico, which I hope to present to you through the 
Messenger from time to time; but for the present 
I want to tell you something about our dark-skinned 
neighbors, the Indians. Of these there is a popula- 
tion in this territory of about 14,000. The most prom- 
inent and numerically the strongest tribe is composed 
of the descendants of that ancient and interesting peo- 
ple, the Pueblos. 

When the Spaniards explored this territory in the 
sixteenth century, they found the Pueblos not as a 
tribe of barbarous savages, but with a semicivilized 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 3. 1908. 


state of society which had evidently existed for some 
centuries prior to that time. They lived in villages, 
the men were about five feet tall and the women some- 
what smaller in stature, and their complexion was a 
fair olive Some of their houses were large enough 
to accommodate several families, being several stones 
high and sometimes from two hundred to five hun- 
dred feet long. These dwellings were made of sun- 
dried brick, with cross-beams and finishing of wood, 
there being an eating and living room, a store room 
and a kitchen for each family. As a precaution against 
the attacks of enemies, they made their lower stories 
without doorways or entrances, and entered by means 
of ladders from the roof or through upper apartments. 
The Pueblos were skilled in weaving and spinning, 
made excellent pottery, baskets, utensils and building 
material and were considerably advanced in the science 
of agriculture, as well as mining. Ruins of many of 
their ancient villages are still to be found, and there 
are evidences of vast systems of irrigation in Arizona 
and New Mexico, indicating that they conducted the 
water by dams, ditches and embankments for many 
miles to supply enough moisture to mature their crops. 
Their garments were made of cotton, fur, fibers de- 
rived from bark, and feathers. Their weapons con- 
sisted of stone axes, lances, flint knives, bows and 
javelins, and the warriors wore helmets and shields 
of the skins of animals. There is evidence that they 
were considerably advanced in the use of medicines, 
had a system of instruction and conducted rehg.ous 
worship. „ , , . 

At present there are about 10,000 Pueblos, nearly 
all of whom are to be found on government reserva- 
tions in western New Mexico and eastern Arizona, 
and their modes of living and industries closely re- 
semble those of their ancestors. 

The Navajoes, a tribe numbering something over 
20 000, occupy a large reservation in the adjoining 
corners of Arizona, Utah, Colorado and New Mexico, 
where they carry on farming and stock raising. 1 hen- 
principal products are corn, wheat, fruits, vegetables 
horses, cattle, mules, sheep and goats. Government 
schools are maintained for their instruction and many 
of them have shown a remarkable aptitude in acquiring 
the civilized arts of industry and education. There 
are also in New Mexico a few minor tribes, including 
the Moquis, Zunis, Lagunas, Movajes and Apaches 

Some effort has been, and still is being made by 
different organizations of Protestant Christians to 
evangelize these Indians, and in many cases they have 
shown an encouraging and creditable promptness in 
yielding to the influences of Christianity But the ef- 
fort at present being made is altogether inadequate to 
the task. The synodical missionary of the Presby- 
terian church for New Mexico, in a recent report 
makes mention of an instance of which he has personal 
knowledge where 10,000 of these poor Indians are 
living on a single reservation and only the merest be- 
ginning of an effort has been made toward evange- 
hzing them. Poor, innocent, ignorant benighted 
heathen they are, without knowledge of the glorious 
fact that Jesus Christ has died for them. And they 
are here in our own land, here in New Mexico, within 
less than 1.000 miles of the geographical center of 
the United States. And we have done nothing for 
them, and yet we believe in carrying the Gospel to 
the heathen. And I am glad we do believe in it and 
are believing in it more and more, for as you do 
you will pray for the New Mexico mission that the 
good Lord may use us for the accomplishment of 
great things to his glory. 

But as vet the New Mexico mission is small and 
weak. We are not evangelizing Indians yet. 1 have 
only described the conditions above to show you some- 
thing of what there is to do within the borders of our 
own territory, and that there is at least one good 
reason why there should be a New Mexico 
As yet we are just a little handful of members here 
iu the Pecos Valley, most of which is a newly devel- 
oped agricultural country of great nchness. W e are 
small now, but we expect to get larger It .s just 
such a land as our Brethren take to, and the more 
good Brethren that come, the stronger we, 
and the more we can do. Some good membe from 
Missouri and Louisiana have written us they will 

rive this week, and more will come later, and every 
one will receive right royal welcome from every broth- 

U1IC Will icttivi. iigi.ii, »^ju.. •• 

er and sister in New Mexico, for we need your help 
and your fellowship. 

And there are others of you who are seeking cheap 
homes in a goodly land, and if you will inclose a 
stamp and write me for information, you will not be 
sorry. I have no land to sell, nor do I expect to have ; 
but I can refer you to brethren who have been here 
long enough to give you reliable information. But 
really if you haven't a particle of missionary spirit. 
I can't say we want you, unless there is good pros- 
pect of working you over without consuming too much 
valuable time. What New Mexico needs is brethren 
who will add strength to the New Mexico mission. 
If the Lord cannot glorify himself in our moving, 
let's all stay where we are ! 
Lake Arthur, New Mexico. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

(Continued from page 80.1 
,,,,, nn two no ble young men sanctified their lips by con- 
fessing the S°v!o/s «ame.-D. A. Norcross, Newberg, 
Oregon, Jan. 25. 



"Write what thou iecst, arid Bead It unlo the churches." 

Elk Lick.-During 1905 three were restored to fellow- 
?!' *£? S n b;X C K«Sun£ ntoltr 

n i Q ,,„H ;« Hie church. An evergreen bunclay scnooi naa 
been kept up during the year, with an average attendance 
or fifty -five The Sunday school "organized a the end 
of the year with a full corps of young bre hren and sisters 
at the also a Christum Workers' meeting Our 
round! meetings during the year were ™J°yab c ; A 


gay! evdencec-f appreciation of the minister's labors dur- 
ing the vear.-T. S. Fike. Elk Lick, Pa., Jan. 23. 
New "Enterprise. -Bro. L D. Parker of Gosh „ 

New Enterprise, Pa., Jan. 25. 

Reading -Ian 21 Bro. Edward Wangcr, elder in charge. 

H Moyer, Reading. Pa.. Jan. 24. 

" Tu 1 pehocken.W l n. 2Mwe,ye precious souls were ded n 

E^lTbjSS %nday ^school wWch was -, 
green During th« ivear 5ve we re e «ye4 W ^ Wc 
four by letter. We 1 o o ne t. it cncouraging pros- 

enter the yea 1906 with bnghtj ^ ^ Su ^^ 

Bro. William Sheaffer „ ^prgtat of *• ; 

ers meeting. Bro. jouu ^ i n V ers Loy assistant, 

tendent at Greenspnng and Bro_ Byers y ^ 

One certificate »;™ b ' J ;;'"«■. had a two 
council will be held at H t un " d ?!f in , s P ^ lf . hous e in Deccm- 
wee ks' revival meeting atj lie :H .ntsdale ho ^^ 


^ n,n n Price Hylton, of Dalcvillc, Va., 

Clifton F or p-^ r ° n ?„ r P e ;' c C hed for us at the Episcopal 

was with us Jan. 21 and P r " c '7 u 0aklan( ] Chapel in the 

church in the ^"'"^" d ^J, „e"ci. The growing 

afternoon. A'tendance and at U" ,on 1 p ^ 

interest manifested in lie Remember the appointments 
ren is \«/ = e,, f " r H aM " the Episcopal church and 
r^P M "? Oakland' church.--I.ewis G. Humphreys, 
Box Hi Clifton Forge. Va.. Jan 22.^ ^ ^ 



A very successful two weeks' Bible term has just closed 
at this institution— a feast long to be remembered. We 
thank God for direct results to the amount of thirteen ap- 
plicants and one to be reclaimed. 

The work was introduced on Sunday evening, Jan. 7, 
by a sermon on "The Church," by J. H. Witmer. This 
was followed by a number of instructive and edifying dis- 
courses- "Man's First State," Win. B. Zimmerman; 
"Love" 1. H. Richard; "Confidence," A. L. B. Martin; 
"Prayer" J. M. Mohler. Each evening (hereafter was 
given over to J. Kurtz Miller's evangelistic services. 

The educational session. Jan. 13, presided over by D. C. 
Rebcr brought out many helpful discussions on impor- 
tant subjects. On Saturday morning, Jan. 20. a mission- 
ary program was rendered, led by S. R. Zi.g. Tins was 
followed in the afternoon by an enthusiastic Sunday- 
school meeting, led by J. F. Graybill. These special fea- 
tures ventilated many difficulties confronting our work- 
ers in these various departments of the Master s, work. 

The teaching was done by Bro. Miller, who gave a 
very excellent series of lessons on St. Luke s Gospel, and 
Bro S H Hcrtzler. who beautifully unfolded the cpis- 
tle of James, assisted by members of the faculty; I. N. 
H. Bcahm. Doctrine; D. C. Reber, Honliletics; H. K 
Ober. Sunday-school Economy; B. F. Wampler. Vocal 

M Our new building, Memorial Hall, is now rapidly Hear- 
ing completion, the new chapel having been used for he 
majority of the services and the new quarters of the 
commercial department heing now regularly occupied. 
Hope to announce date of dedication before long 

1 Nathan Martin. 

Elizabethtown, Pa., Jan. 23. 


I„ the absence of our pastor, Bro. C S. Garber who 
has been holding meetings in Kansas City, Bro. D. W 
Crist, of Mound City, came to us Saturday and Sunday 
and gave us three good sermons. 

Bro. Garber returned from Kansas City '0-day with 
an encouraging report of his efforts there Twcn.y-fi 
made the good confession, fifteen being baptized the 
others Lift the rite; some were sick and others had op- 
position from their parents. 

Sister Marguerite Bixler is lo be here to assist us in 
ringing n«, week, and Bro. M. R. Murray will give us 
his lectures on Pales.ine al the same time. 

rust now the mission is caring for six persons who are 
hom ess As we get better acquainted with the work we 
geMifo some very sad homes. Las. week we found a 
fami almost destitute. The husband is an invalid and 
,e whe must provide for the family. We helped them o 
'me clothing and bedding, and it did our hearts g d to 
see how grateful that P-»™ « \, * ^ nu mg 

r^£ r^-S -ch « niake «JT 
heart glad, but we are in need of provisions in the way 
f vegetbles, fruits, meat, etc., and would be truly gra - 
f^any of 'the adjoining churches for an, r assist a -re- 
ceived along this line. 
5208 Lake Ave., Station D, Jan. 23. 


' Pleasant Valley congregation met ■■— — —j,^ 


S: cf ^ ^^o" ei,r C 'on' Sundays. 
wUt^dpre-cn^MSt!! Reed, R. D. 3. Floyd, V,, 


T M Crouse. of Oakhill, came Jan 21) 

Prince.— Bro J. M. >","„•« There were some that 

a „d preached three goo «» , H(f ,, com e 

on™ Tn^l, '<or\ I' now on.-Thomas Harrow, 

P ""« WVa ' Jan WASHINGTON. '. 

01ympia.-Our little prayer -"tings^are ^tll^ ^ 
deuce. A growing »"«?." '„ ""a others arc becoming 
g-^ r'p^rs, R. F D- No. 2- Olympia, 
Wash", Jan. 24. 

?. i v -*;»■-.-_ i " *"'» 

Wc „ext v^ted th MohawK y ^ ^ ^^ 

county, Oregon, about twenty i ^ 


hur^n^-HrTha 1 ,:^ 

ways found a good and .««* e ^ ^ 

comc and help them work or the M & q,, 

field already white to harvest. 
U25 Albina Ave., Portland, Oregon, Jan. 12. 

70 THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 3, 1906. 

TRUE REVERENCE INTHE SUNDAY SCHOOL." H e is the model that God sent from heaven. We, by ■■ It is not a Tall to favor^snTbut to service " ~I 

by c. pitz. kee P'"S m hls tracks . have an inheritance with him, will bless thee that thou mayest be a blessing " '(Read 

winch is more superb than any earthly palace; a home Psalm 67.) Woe to that man who is an unfaithful 

By reverence is meant a feeling of profound respect, not built by man, not perishable, but one that is to steward! 

To revere is wholly a spiritual act, is often, though not endure through all ages to come. Bethany Bible School Chicaeo III 

always, to give outward expression. In the Sunday We have many trials in this life to overcome. We ' 

school is one of the places where it ought to give out- are beset in many directions by the adversary of our rRPKTTAV x ' 

ward expression to the extent that it will direct our souls, but we have the promise from the meek and WORKERS' TOPIC. 

conduct and help us to think of divine and spiritual lowly Jesus that he is with us, and will ever deliver BY FLOEA E - teague. 

things. It is highly essential in order that we may get us from all temptations, if we follow in his footsteps. For Sunday Evening February n iaoe 

the greatest benefit from the lesson. God is faithful ; he will not suffer us to be tempted — .' ~— ^L^^l ^ 

Reverence is always due to God. Ex. 3: 5, "And above that which we are able to bear, but will, with HIM THAT OVERCOMETH 

he said, Draw not nigh hither. Put off thy shoes the temptation, also make a way to escape. Now is 

from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standcth the time to follow in his footsteps, not to-morrow, or T Scripture Reading, 1 Sam. 17:32-52. 

is Italy ground." Again, Psa. 119: "Wherewithal next week, but to-day, right at this time, for life is f TnT? ' ImP '' ed ' 

shall a young mam cleanse his way? by taking heed uncertain and death is sure, sooner or later. 2. The Issu™ 5 ?. .....:...'. \ 'f' 5 ?o.'o 

thereto according to thy word." To the children of Every moment of our lives ought to, and should, \ Z he Ba »leground '.! ..'.'.'. '.'.'.'. '.i'sk. 60:6-14 

Israel it was said, " Ye shall keep my sabbaths and be devoted to his cause and to the betterment of our u R ""T °. v "" : Mal ' 3: 16 " 18 

reverence my sanctuary. I am the Lord." Lev. 19: lives, by following in his footsteps. Shakespeare said ' i Tu,! »< t"'' , . ■, 

in ii ti ir , ,, , , - i c - aT OI * ree °t Lite, Rev ?■ 7 

- 50 - thyself and thy belongings are not thine own. 2. A Crown of Life '.".'.'.Rev 2 10 

Again the Psalmist says: "God is greatly to be Heaven doth with us as we with torches do, not light 4 A^e^Nam'^' 1 '" '.'.'.".'.'.'. Rev. 2: 17 

feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in them for themselves." The sacred Word teaches us 5- Power Over the' Nations,' '. '. '. \ \ '. '. '....'' R e v f- 26 

reverence of all them that arc about him." Psa. 89:7. that we ate not our own. but bought with a price. 7 VvVt^R"'" 8 ' S ' ar ' •■■•■■■ -Rev! 2:28 

The true Sunday school helps in its way to attain wll y do we hesitate? Why do we procrastinate to &■ Knot in Testation,' '.'.'.':.'.'.'. '.'. '.'.'.'. \ Rev'.Vlo 

the high aims of the church; otherwise the world does follow in his steps? It is life with us if we follow in ,J A ? nlar ' ■■: .........Rev.' 3:12 

not need the Sunday school. Its work is spiritual, not them, but death if we do not. ... w .'„ ." °" one ' Rl " v 3 ' 2 1 

merely natural ; divine, not merely human— and it is Winchester, Va, " Justlfy the Effort? 

to be truly and intensely religious, or we can dispense ""*"■ ?' A ,' a very tender a E e wc 'earn to know that life is 

• with it altogether. ARE YOU A WALKING RTRT b, f „ We . rebeI a|?ainst * tT ° n S" Powers and usually 

This religious phase or character of the Sunday A WALKING BIBLE, t £» s tt^ ^Z^T " " 'T" 

school needs special emphasis at this time, from the ™ W ' !^ TCHIE ' way thai by ungultd but ^X^"^ 'tr 

fact that the spirit of the age is worldly, and it is It has been said of some of our people on account »"" 'T the " in OTercomi "^ »"<l >'' began with self, 

easy for the worldly spirit to capture an organization of being so familiar with the Bible " He is a walking "'" years ' w<! " id m0 " *"•* more experience in 

and on in the interests of personal ambition Bible " g m ' crcom,npr as ™ e » as a knowledge of what there is for 

Ltd. I?? pub,ic disp, , a H > ; etc -- and the , Sunday We mderstand the « ° f this «™ « a «"^«d He i::™i;^z*:^:ztz: n z it, 

school thus be omes a worldly institution alongside, to us for this reason: that we can quote and refer to bo,tMy - " ™ ™« '*" to fight him alone we would be 

but independent of, the church, which would be a sad scripture in defense of our doctrine without the Book ovcrcomc t >" ickly - B " f f ° r the asking we may have a far 

failure of the object and aim of the Sunday school of as well as with it stronger power than he who will enable us to conquer 

the present day. »,„,„ ,, • • ■ , . . every time. Tne issue may be eternal life or eternal 

The same reverential snirit that sh„„ld b 1 ' Now *'*>* ™ no way an objectionable feature; for death. I. depends upon us to decide. The battle-ground 

a well re^ula ted and ! • X , , u u ^acter^e we are commanded "to search the scriptures," for by ™, b= our own hearts. The terms of peace are ever 

sh f and^u vated • b T d u T "* ^ S ° **« ™ ""' k "° W What JS ™^ herein. It °" e " '» «r The Father is anxious ,0 have'us call on h7m 

Ho- T, 7, I , ^ y S '• ■ Wi " n0t ° nly enabIe us t0 know "*" *e minister '°! rt *' h e conflict. Will we? 

Ho*, Taught. I will not attempt to point out the quotes scripture; but will also enable us not to doubt , I " m ? We SeCUre Peace by aMng the Fa,h " 
best way of teaching reverence, but there are two the minister's word when hTdnT T ■? } °" r StrenSlh and shieW ' bot the most ^° ri °^ re- 
things in my mind that seem to me are helpful along A mintter 1 he n >T < ^° ^'V^ (Lc ' iltas ' ratio "= »1 l-^'ions be 
this line , mm,ster on bem S interrogated, after preaching £"">" '0 prove the same.) The most of us have tasted of 
1 7i(*ri.«l.«»(,l' , ;■ . , JtJ from J am « 1 : 8, "A double minded man is unstable the !?reat peace so freely offered. That is but a faint 
in ,1, p' P T ' 1 T' g Sh °"' d bC d ° ne ~ m aI1 his ways >" £aid . " I have quoted James's writing " ! dea ° f the Breat ioy * that are ta *°™ ^ « if we only 
m the home. Parents can do much, especially if they Hence we see the advantage „f „.i ( -, ?' kecp on °vercomingr evil until the end. 
are Christians, to teach their children the spirit of the Word adyanta S e °* ^eing familiar with m. Everything .0 gain by overcoming and nothing ,0 
true reverence by special training along the line of We will give a few more references Tames 4- 8 ""' ""' - - — W "' " *"" illStify ''"' ^ 
true respect and true vital piety at home, if the chil- sneaks aoain of ,b» " 1 Z !, j f,' } , 4 ' 8 ^^=^^^=^=^^-==^^^ 
dren are instructed to be orderly and conform to the op lib' double minded ' Teh o 2 « ""d ™ E PRAYER MEETIN ^- 

;Caltrtn h e° 0lthey ; r a t re H attending - At,ime ° f PsLs ^^^akT-tuh, h'n."- fob 41 " 1 ^^^.^^^i^os- 

prajer assume the same attitude as is assumed bv the speaks of a " double bridle " and 1 T- i o ' , : — - — 

school, whether it be kneeling or standing. By doing even of " double tong^ed " ' : " SP6akS WHAT IS MANP-Psa. .44: 3 

"v :nc:°to° G n y d zrzTs^::: h : 01 h % t t do not see ^ °™ sh ° uid * °«™'«*?** *■ ^ «-«*« ^ — 

spirit of indiffertce by si^tn. a " ,feSt " ! "^ °' *" ^ ^ " ma " «™ a " «"»«. L He is a fallen being. Rom. 3:9-12. '.None right- 

The ,,er, r e,* ;. ; ,1 , , ' , tongued. Now let us devote more of our time to eous, no not one." All have sinned and come 

Jli 71 T p ° l W ' ke Pm ° f the the Searchin e of the Scriptures and thereby confirm short of th " ^ °* Go<i- 

superintendent. Parents may do their part well at the old adage, " He is a vvalkino- Bible " Z He is a g ° i,ty h ^- ! J° h " 1:8. If God should 

nome. but when the children get to school the super- Green Mount Va wnte the sins cf men ° n their foreheads, in vis- 

intendent may be thoughtless or indifferent and not ' . ,blc ,c,te rs. our streets would be desolate and the 

invite the children to comply with the order of the ™ ™ " W ° r ' d " wilderness ' Unti ' »e abhor sin to the ut- 

opening exercises ; and when this is omitted it is not SWEATEE THY FACE. ££■ we can have no just conception of a great 

hkely that they will do so even if they have been bv albert c. wieand. 3. He is a miserable being. Rom. 7-24- Psa 51-3 

properly taught at home. What is needed in order T " M ^ sin is ever before me," says David, for he 

to get the best results is cooperation on the part of ma " Wh ° works neither with his head, nor realized its woeful effect. Sin was a burden to 

parents and teachers. If the parents will teach bv Heart ' "^ ha " dS for others - who produces nothing '" m: if ca ° sed him to ,on s for the glorious liberty 

precept and example in the home and the superintend- Wh ° Crea ' eS n ° Value ' who does not b y " sweat of his 4 °1 :' f'^7 "'^ , 

ent wil, give emphasis to this same teaching the ™J™ " «^> '" ^"" ^ ^ hread, all that IL'elf ^ ™ r t",f o 5y ^tte ^%Z 

school, we may hope to make some advancement to- * ™" '" '' " eCeSS ' tleS a " d " Ws Il,Xuries ' or in st ^ th ™* «™« ean he move forward in any 

ward true reverence in the Sunday school licentiousness and riotous living, if he be phys- e°°d work. 

Boulder, Colo. Jfally or mentally able to toil,-that man, be he mil- II. What is Man's Gracious Privilege' 

~»~, — . honaire or pauper, is a begp-ar and a thief i t-i • j 

No m „tt I !. aa a m,el - '• He is restored to a right relation to God. 1 Cor. 

FOOTSTEPS OF JESUS. matter how he came into possession of his ,5 ' 22 - 

wealth, if he does not earn his living but only spends ~ p e '* <T c , to , red to a right disposition toward God. 

" Y ™Ji— OCK. in selfish ways and deeds,-it is the Hfeblood of some 3. TJ£ fhe influences of the Holy Spirit Rom 

We call to mind a volume on the « Footsteps of firestl h ^ h ' m ^ ^^ ^ a " d buiWs tlle 4 h""? ■ i k , 

Jesus " What does th„ '• fo„. . r t ,, P eS '° kee P h,m warra - Pilgrimage here below is but a preparation for 

Does it mean to trl to ke p o Te'foo It T' , A " * at a " 5 ' ma " ^ is his dail >' bread: as for "" ""^ ^^ ^ ^ "* ■ 

Jesus, and the other foot stepp.W ffte ^h'^ * M ? "* feSt ' " '" * ^ tl0m G ° d ' ° f which he is » - ad e ^ W,m Wi " be Ma "' S Heayen,y CondM °" ? 

Far from that. It means to pace bo h W V St " Vard ' ^ f ° r the rfsht USe ° f wh ich he must give * 5r?° m fmm si " and — ' Rey " 7: >«• I7 ^ 

tracks-not behind his track:, noTin^W of Them S^J^ f"^ ^^ ^ ^ t0 ™" "™ 2 ' ^^ - — ' Cor. 2:, 10 . 

not at the side of them-but directly in his tr^w » r g , ° r 'S"° nn g and ™* f°f abus- 3. The companionship of angels. Heb. 12:22-24. 

ectly ,n his tracks. ,ng. It ,s a deed of gift to hold in trust for God 4 Sweet fellowship with Christ as our " Elder Broth- 

er. John 14: 2, 3. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 3, 1906. 





Children, make your mother happy; 

Make her sing instead of sigh, 
For the mournful hour of parting 

May be very, very nigh. 
Children, make your mother happy, 

Many griefs she has to bear, 
And she wearies 'neath her burdens, 
Can you not those burdens share? 

Children, make your mother happy; 

Prompt obedience cheers the heart; 
While a willful disobedience 

Pierces like a poison dart. 

Children, make your mother happy; 

On her brow the lines of care 
Deepen daily, don't you see them? 

While your own are smooth and fair. 

Children, make your mother happy; 

For beneath the coffin lid 
All too soon her face so saintlike 

Shall for evermore be hid. 
Bitter tears and self-upbraiding 
Cannot bring her back again; 
And remorseful recollections 

Are a legacy of pain. 
Oh, begin to-day, dear children; 

Listen when your mother speaks; 
Tender, quick and sweet obedience 
For your highest good she seeks. 
She loves you better than all others— 

For your sake herself denies; 
Always patient, prayerful, tender, 
Ever thoughtful, true and wise. 
Remember while you live, dear children, 

Should you search the world around, 
You'll never find a friend more faithful 
Than the one who gave you birth. 

East Berlin, Pa. 



" I'm a pilgrim and I'm a stranger," sang Marian, 
in a plaintive minor, tone while she was sewing a 
new highly-colored patch on a faded calico dress 
sleeve The first patch had nobly borne the rubs and 
wear of daily use for weeks, but at last succumbed 
to the inevitable, and this was the second patch to be 
stitched on the aforementioned sleeve. This made no 
difference to Marian ; she was used to mending things 
as long as there was enough of a garment left to mend, 
and accepted it as part and parcel of the daily ag- 
gregate of duties piled up before her. 

But the song died on her lips when little David, 
the pet of the family, came in crying; he had fallen 
in the ditch where the men were at work. This was 
his sixth birthday, and his feet were squelching and 
squashing in the new rubber boots that had been 
bought for him with the money earned by selling nuts. 
She left her mending to comfort him, wash him and 
dress him in a clean suit. After this was done, she 
drew her low rocker over by the window to get a 
better light on her work. She stopped a moment to 
look at the new carriage of one of her neighbors who 
was driving by^ne who could choose a new carriage 
oftener than Marian could get a new gown— and she 
felt a curious bit of resentment, as the horses disap- 
peared around the corner. The old plaint stirred in 
her heart, " Why should she have everything, and I 
have nothing? " 

Just before her was an ugly place in the paper, when- 
ever she lifted her eyes they rested on that discolored 
spot. The paper had come loose, then the baby's mis- 
chievous fingers had torn a piece out; she had pasted 
it as neatly as possible, but the younger children had 
traced its resemblance to the outline of South Amer- 
ica the very first evening. As she looked at it now, 
she was impelled by a wild desire to flee to a lodge 
in some vast wilderness, and never come back. She 
had been so sure that they could paper the sitting- 

room this fall ; she and mother had even decided that 
it was to be in a light shade of green, with a border 
that would harmonize with both ceiling and sides of 
the room. But as the days went by they realized that 
there was no money to spare for new paper, and noth- 
ing more was said about it. 

The wind was blowing shrilly and mournfully with 
the going down of the blurred sun. The last glimmer- 
ing of daylight died away from the ends of the village 
streets and the trees arching overhead were sullen and 
black. Twilight everywhere released the shadows 
prisoned up all day, that now closed in and gathered 
round Marian and brought to her mind somber ques- 
tionings of the future. 

Little Sara came bringing her last doll, saying, 
" Isn't this new apron that mamma made for her just 
too dear?" expecting, in her childish enthusiasm, 
that Marian would take her in her lap and hold her 
close and say pretty nothings about the new apron, 
that would enhance even its beauty. But Marian only 
said; " Yes, it's pretty enough, but I am busy now." 
And for Sara the new apron depreciated in value, and 
the sitting-room became chill, and dull, and cheerless. 
At the supper table where all the children usually 
talked as fast as they could, telling about their day's 
experiences in school, the parents asking questions and 
two or three trying to answer, where there was much 
joyous laughter and everybody was happy, and no- 
body cared whether the sitting-room was papered or 
not, they all started off gaily enough. But before they 
got' half way through the meal Marian's sulky humor 
affected them all. They talked less cheerily, their 
laughter was forced ; some of them were finding fault 
with each other. Little David was weeping copiously 
over some fancied slight, and they left the table in an 
atmosphere of murky gloom. 

But Marian was so absorbed in her own grievances 
that she never thought of the harmful spell she exer- 
cised over them: although before the evening was 
over most of the children were clamoring for some- 
thing that they could not have because of their strait- 
ened means. They quarreled about their books and 
toys and other things, presenting so lamentable an in- 
stance of angry passions risen very high indeed that 
it was an outrage on the memory of Dr. Watts, whose 
verse beginning 

" Let dogs delight to bark and bite," 

they all knew. 

When they had all gone to bed, father said to moth- 
er, " What put Marian in such a bad humor this even- 

" I don't know, I am sure," the mother answered. 
•• I do wish she would not get these spells, it makes 
it so much harder for us all." And there she stopped, 
almost in tears. She was the spirit of all goodness, 
affection, gentle consideration, love and domesticity. 
And usually their home was rich in love, happiness, 
content, and all that goes to make a home homely. 
That her eldest daughter should frequently be in a 
bad humor was beginning to worry her sorely. 

It was Marian's Sunday-school teacher who helped 
her to overcome this fault. They were studying the 
verse " Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose 
mind' is staved on thee," her teacher, who was an 
eminently practical woman, said, " For you, girls that 
is the sweetest promise. You are easily exced and 
worried about things. Some of you suffer far less 
from the real adversities of life than from the chang- 
ing moods within. Most of our woes are within, and 
no' change of home, position, or surroundings will 
emancipate them. A discontented woman in a pottage 
will be just as envious and jealous in a palace. 

Marian listened humbly. She was growing con- 
scious of the tyranny of a bad humor, or a bad temper, 
but she hardly knew how to get rid of it. Her teach- 
er went on. " When things occurred to grieve or dis- 
appoint our Savior he remained the same man; he 
gave wav to no moods ; he uttered no word that need- 
ed recali. His mind was stayed and he never cast a 
shadow on a human heart. Wherever he moved a 
light ne'er seen on land or sea shone on man. In- 
voluntarily virtue went out of him to strengthen one 
who did but touch the hem of his garment. We are 

responsible for the ruin we work unthinkingly by our 
moods, our miserable tempers. A woman in a bad 
humor is a malign influence ; wherever she walks, her 
very presence chills like a cold, clammy day. We so 
sadly need this perfect peace." That night Marian 
prayed earnestly for strength to overcome. Not at 
once was the victory won. There were times when 
she was defeated and the children knew these times. 
But she never gave up; she struggled on patiently, 
steadily and finally conquered her moods by the grace 
of God and became an even-tempered, sunny woman. 


Garbers Church, Virginia. 
During the year of 1005 we held twenty-three meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of nine. We have an 
enrollment of twenty-seven active and benevolent mem- 
bers. Regular, meetings are held once a month, and work 
meetings whenever there is a call for one. When anyone 
calls on the society for work, such as sewing, quilting, 
cutting and sewing carpet rags, we do a day's work for 
one dollar and take our dinners along. Amount collected 
during the year from monthly collections, work, dona- 
tions of goods, etc.. $80.97. Paid out for goods, char- 
itable and mission purposes, $72.70. Amount in treasury 
for the beginning of the new year. $8.14. We all enjoy 
the work and feel encouraged to press on. 

Eliza Sharpcs, 
Harrisonburg;, Va. 

Mt. Vernon. Virginia. 
Sister Grace Clinc. of Bridgcwatcr, Va,. came to us 
March 21. 1905, and helped us organize a home mission 
society. Ohr lime for our meeting is the first Thursday 
,,f each month from two till four o'clock. We open with 
devotional exercises, scripture reading, prayer and sing- 
ing. The interest is gradually increasing, and we feci 
that we have been blessed in many ways. While we have 
been able to help Ihe poor and needy a little, our meetings 
have been the means of drawing us closer together in 
Christian fellowship. Ihereby making us feel thai We have 
Pained much both socially and spiritually. Our work has 
been superintended by Sister Annie Kindig and Louisa 
Plnry since our organization. We have held ten meetings 
with a membership of thirteen;, average attendance of 
eight Our work consists in piecing comforter lops, mak- 
ing aprons, clothespin aprons, darning bags, laundry 
|n K - bonnets and prayer coverings. Amount of money 
received, $27.69; expenses, $4.67. Amount in treasury, 
$6.42. We donated $16 to support an orphan in India and 
some other freewill offerings. Ella Cox, Sec. 

Afton, Nebraska. 
Our society was organized July 13. 1904. During the 
year 1905 we held twenty-four meetings, Willi an average 
attendance of eleven. Last spring we placed new carpet 
i„ our church. We have scnl $10 to Ihe Kansas City 
mission; $.1 and a box of clothing to the St. Joseph mis- 
sion- $5 towards our series of meetings; $1.50 to the dis- 
trict secretary and have on hand $15.33, besides several 
comforters that are to be sold. At the recent election, 
Anna M Snell was elected president, Mary Snell was 
reelected superintendent, and the writer was reelected 
secretary-treasurer: Constance Corder. 

Earl. Ncbr. 

Root River, Minnesota. 
Sisters' Mission Circle of Root River. Minn., organized 
Oct 27 1904 We started with a membership of twelve. 
We' now have twenty-one. We meet on Thursday; have 
had in all seventeen meetings. Our sewing consists of 
noting quilts, making comforters and prayer coverings 
and sewing for others. Wc have collected .n all $94.62 
Our expenses have been $6.72. We have donated $74.15 
$5 to the Brooklyn mission, also a box of clothing and 
comforters consisting of forty pieces; $ to Mmneapc is 
mission- $7 for the needy at home, and $55 to help to- 
ward, buying seats and carpet for our new church we 
1,. vc just built Ihe pas, summer. We still have $10 m the 
,re-,surv We feel Ihe Lord has abundantly blessed us 
and' we hope by his help to do more and give more the 
^ming year. Amanda R Dormink, Sec.-Treas. 

Shannon, Illinois. 
The sisters of the Shannon church organized a Mission- 
, r Sewing Circle Nov. 10. 1904, with fourteen members 
enrolled From the lime of organization to Jan 4, 1906. 
Jc le.ed and earned by sewing $23.10 and paid out for 
mat era $8.50. We made 46 garments, 4 comforts and 
vcral other articles. We sent some to Chicago mission 
, some to St. Joseph mission, $5 to a mission ,n W s- 
;::„,„ an d $1 to Freeport; also donated one an lone-hal 
,hv,' work. At the present time we have $7J>9 in our 
r y ,su During this time the society quilted 6 qmlts, 

So comforts and sewed sixty pounds » carpet rag. 
We have a season of devotion at each meeting^ We are 


,n the- future. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 3, 1906. 




Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 24 South State Street, Elgin, m,. 


A revival held in the Rockyford church, Colo., re- 
sulted in six accessions. 

Bro. T. C. Garst, of Jonesboro, Tenn., changes his 
address to McPherson, Kans. 

The Brethren at Bronson, Mich., are preparing - to 
build a meetinghouse in the spring. 

Bro. John H. Cakerice, of Concord, Iowa, should 

now be addressed at Whittier, same State. 

Bro. C. D. Bonsack is booked for a series of meet- 
ings in Mechanicsburg, Pa., beginning Feb. 4. 

A series of meetings in the Eversole house, Wolfe 
Creek church, Ohio, closed with seven accessions. 

In the Brethren Home at Greenville, Ohio, there are 
forty-one inmates, and twenty of them are over eighty 
years old. 

After the first of March Bro. Jas. A. Stouder, now 
of Falls City, Nebr., should be addressed at Mont 
Ida, Kans. 

Bro. A. J. Smith is engaged in a revival in the 
White Rock church, Kans., and fourteen have ap- 
plied for membership. 

At Morrill, Minn., five came forward and confessed 
their Savior. Some of them have been baptized, others 
are awaiting the rite. 

Bro. Hiram Forney is conducting a revival meet- 
ing at Mexico, Ind. The congregations are large and 
a number have applied for membership. 

Following the late Bible term at Elizabethtown 
College, Pa., there were thirteen applicants for bap- 
tism and one to be restored to fellowship. 

Bro. I. D. Parker closed his revival work at N*w 
Enterprise, Pa., with seventeen additions to the church. 
After the meeting he went to Ashland, Ohio, for a few 
days and then returned to his home at Goshen, Ind. 

Bro. I. H. Crist has been delivering a series of 
doctrinal sermons in Kansas City, Kans. Bro. C. S. 
Garber preached two weeks before the doctrinal dis- 
courses began. Fifteen accepted the faith once de- 
livered to the saints and were added to the church. 

Bro. Jonas Leckrone, of Silver Lake, Ind., who is 
now eighty years old, writes that he has been a con- 
stant reader of our church papers through all their 
changes, from the Gospel Visitor to the Messenger. 
Each week he reads all there is in the Messenger and 
then wishes for more. 

Bro. D. L. Miller seems to be delighted with the 
climate of India. Writing from near Bulsar, Dec. 28, 
he says: "To-day I am sitting with open doors, 
dressed in light cotton clothes, writing you. I am de- 
lighted with the climate here. Especially did I enjoy 
the rainy season last year. To me it was a constant de- 
light. For a month or two there is hot weather, but 
the remainder of the year is most pleasant at Bulsar. 
When it is hottest there is a pleasant sea breeze." 

Every delegate serving at the Annual Meeting here- 
after must present the credentials prescribed by the 
Bristol conference. These credentials are printed, and 
must be properly filled out and signed before being de- 
livered by the church to her chosen delegates. They 
may be ordered from the Publishing House at the 
rate of ten cents a dozen. The clerks for all the 
churches would -better send for a batch and keep 
them on hand for use. 


D. L, Miller, Illinois, 1 | J. H. Moore, - • Office Editor. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Pa., > Editors. Grant Mahah, Associate Editor. 

H. C. Eahly, Virginia, \ | R. E. Arnold, Business Manager. 

Advisory Committee: 

Edward Frantz, Geo. B. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

fy Al! business and communications intended lor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III., and not to any 

individual connected with It. 

Entered at the Post Office at ElKin, 111., as Second-class Matter, 

At Tulpehocken, Pa., twelve were recently added 
to the church. 

■ The sisters are making some very interesting re- 
ports of the work being done by the aid societies. 
Several of these reports were published last week, a 
few will be found in this issue and others will appear 
next week. There are excellent opportunities for the 
sisters to accomplish a good work, and it would be 
well if some of them should write about the better 
methods of carrying forward this work and reaching 
the needy. The demands for aid are so varied and ex- 
tensive that our sisters need not be at a loss for a 
place to bestow their labor and charity. And still 
there may be methods of reaching the poor that have 
not yet been brought to the attention of our people. 

Preachers, whose standing in life is not as high 
as it should be to give them the confidence of devout 
people, now- and then fall back on the plea that thev 
have been called to preach by the Lord, and woe be 
unto them if they preach not the Gospel. We, of 
course, should never call in question the work of the 
Lord, but we have always felt sure that he does not 
call men to preach the Gospel whose lives are not in 
keeping with the demands of the New Testament. It 
is all right for one, who lives an exemplary life, to 
refer to his call as of the Lord, but the man whose 
life is no credit to the church, or the cause he repre- 
sents, is only playing the part of a hypocrite when he 
endeavors to make it appear that his call is from • 
heaven. The Lord does not call that kind of men or 
authorize the church to accept them as such. 

The day before Christmas twenty-three were bap- 
tized in Bulsar, India, making 335 baptized at that 
place since the beginning of the mission. Other ap- 
plicants were reported and these have probably been 
baptized also. At this time the church at Bulsar has 
a membership of nearly 250, with indications of as 
much prosperity in the future as in the past. The 
place is likely to remain the headquarters of our peo- 
ple in India. Here is the Brethren industrial institu- 
tion for the training of natives along industrial lines. 
The place is to have a meetinghouse and school com- 
bined. Here native workers will be educated and pre- 
pared for mission work, educational work and other 
lines of usefulness. One good department may follow 
another and in time Bulsar may become to the church 
in India what Elgin is destined to be to the Brother- 
hood in America. 

We are hearing from several of the district mission 
boards. We are always glad for news from them, 
for we are aware of the fact that the members, all 
over the Brotherhood, desire to know what is being 
done by the different boards. These boards constitute 
an important factor in the future development of the 
Brotherhood, for with them rests the work of having 
the whole Gospel preached in the neglected sections 
of the country. It is for them to mould sentiment, 
collect money, and secure trusty men to preach the 
Word and build up churches. And while doing all 
this they need the sympathy and cooperation of all 
the members residing in their respective districts. We 
shall be glad at any time to publish reports from them, 
or to publish suggestions that may prove helpful to 
them in their work. The Messenger desires to do all 
that is possible to aid and encourage those who are 
putting forth their best efforts to save sinners. 

Bro. Galen B. Royer went to North Manchester, 
Ind., the first of the week to give some talks in con- 
nection with the special Bible term work. Bro. I. B. 
Trout goes the last of the week, will remain over two 
Sundays, teaching two Bible classes during the day 
and preaching of evenings. 

One of our readers has decided to do some mission- 
ary work with the Messenger, on a large scale. He 
selected twenty-six families, sent us the money and 
tells us to place the names on the Messenger list for 
one year. This means that about one hundred persons 
are to have the pleasure of reading the paper for fifty- 
two weeks. There is no way in which the same 
amount of money could be made to do so much. Good 
results are certain to follow such well-meant efforts. 

In this issue may be found an article on " The First 
Day Sabbath " that will be read with much more 
than ordinary interest, especially by those who have 
some acquaintance with New Testament Greek. The 
theory advanced has been freely discussed by scholars, 
and there seems to be considerable evidence in its sup- 
port. If it can be clearly shown, as the writer of the 
article assumes, that in the New Testament the first 
day of the week is called Sabbath as well as the sev- 
enth day, a valuable point in the controversy is gained. 
But the theory is being looked into with the utmost 
care and is likely to be fully sustained, and if it is 
that settles the Sabbath controversy. 

We have never known a Christian man who works 
on the Lord's Day to prosper. Because he receives 
wages, or an income for work done on that day, he 
may think that the Lord is prospering him, but he is 
mistaken. He may make a little more money and 
then not have wisdom enough to take care of it. Those 
who lack wisdom are told to pray for it, but the man 
who fails to show due reverence for the New Testa- 
ment Sabbath would certainly not have the cheek tc 
ask the Lord to give him wisdom to take care of his 
Sunday-made money. Now and then a man does a 
piece of work on Sunday that does not pay him. 
He realizes nothing on it, and then wonders why. He 
should know that while the Lord will bless the secular 
work done on Monday, he will not bless that done on 
Sunday. For a time the Lord may bear with the 
man who thinks he has to work on Sunday, he may 
bless his work every day during the week, but he is 
not going to bless his Sunday work. 

On another page will be found a good letter from 
Mr. A. A. Hobson, Bristol, Tenn. During the con- 
ference he lodged fifteen of our members, has been 
reading the Messenger right along. since that time, 
and now has something to say about the meeting, 
our people, their religion and the paper also. What 
he says speaks well for the brethren and sisters who 
made their temporary home with his family. It shows 
the value of living the Christian life as well as preach- 
ing it. In fact when it comes to supporting our plea 
for the simple and happy New Testament life there is 
more in the life we live in the presence of others than 
in the sermons we preach. Our people, all over the 
United States, will be glad for Mr. Hobson's letter. 
Those who attended the conference will never forget 
the kindness shown them by the people of the South, 
and it now affords us pleasure to learn that we did at 
least a little good during our brief sojourn among the 
kind and unselfish people of Bristol. 

A late issue of the Chicago Daily Tribune contains 
a cartoon entitled, " The Cradle of Crime." There is 
a picture of a large cradle, filled with drunken men 
and women, labeled, " Disreputable Saloon." In this 
cradle criminals are rocked and nourished. Thus they 
are reared and cared for until able to enter upon an 
active life of crime. The cradle is large, many boys 
and girls can be accommodated, and as soon as one 
set is prepared for sin and crime another set is on 
hand ready for the criminal training course. The front 
of the saloon opens on the public street. A notice says : 
" Dancing hall in the rear." Another notice points 
out the " Ladies' Entrance," at the side. The picture 
is true to life and shows the real condition in all of the 
large cities, and not a few of the smaller ones. Chris- 
tian men, along with sinners, go to the polls and vote 
for the licensed saloon. The saloon-keeper must make 
money to pay his license and make a living. He does 
it by making drunkards. His saloon is the cradle, 
and his is the hand that rocks the cradle that gives 
us our criminals. Who is responsible for all this sin? 
The saloon-keeper alone! Nay, every man, be he 
church member or not, who votes for license is a party 
to this criminal-making business. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February c. moe. 


We call special attention to the accompanying table, 
showing the number of Brethren ministers in each 
State and country, and the increase or decrease for 

























Asia Minor 


Canada , • • • 



Denmark, . .... ■ • ■ ■ - - - 
District of Columbia.. 
Florida, . . 
Geon '- 


India ■ 

Indian Territory. 















New Jersey 

New York 

North Carolina, 

North Dakota, 



Oregon, . ■ 


South Carolina, 

South Dakota, 






West Virginia, 

ly and it can easily be determined whether our minis- 
terial force for any given State is decreasing. Some 
of the States ought to see the importance of calling 
more men to the ministry. While our ministerial 
force has been increasing for the period considered, 
still we do not have as many 
preachers as we could make 
good use of. 

The table might also be 
studied with a view of tak- 
ing steps to strengthen the 
weak places. It can be 
plainly seen that some of the 
States are not keeping up 
their ministerial force. In 
these States more attention 
should be given to the im- 
portance of calling men to 
the ministry. We do not 
mean that we should aim at 
numbers only. But while 
filling the ranks and increas- 
ing the forces, due consider- 
ation should be. had for ef- 
ficiency and faithfulness. 

Furthermore, we suggest 
that this table be preserved. 
It contains much valuable 
information that should not 
be lost. Next year we may 
give some additional facts to 
be studied in connection 
with these figures. 


Mr. Trumbull stood by his semicolon, arguing the 
case with both of them. Becoming a little agitated he 
put on his hat and started out, but before closing the 
door behind him, said, in his emphatic way, that he 
would give up the S'lditia.v School Times before he 
would give up that semicolon. After walking around 
awhile, he returned to his editorial room, looking per. 
fectly reconciled, and said to his proof reader and man- 
aging editor that he had decided to give up the semi- 

But the semicolon people are not all dead yet, nor 
are they disposed to give up their semicolon. They 
get pet notions and hang to them as though their 
very life and prosperity depended upon some particular 
way of doing or looking at things. It is well for 
Christian men and women to cling to principles with 
all reasonable firmness, but when it comes to methods, 
in which the judgment of others may be of value, it 
will be found exceedingly unwise to persist in having 
our own wav regardless of results. Many a man has 
sacrificed much for a pet notion that was of no special 
value. This has been the case in matters pertaining 
to domestic and business matters as well as in re- 
ligious matters. Men have been known to give up 
the church rather than surrender some pet notion of 
little consequence. Families have been divided and 
broken up because of a few pet notions. Some of 
these pet notions have severed the strong ties of close 
friendship, and it is to be feared that some of tl.em 
have kept people out of heaven. It will often be 
found wise to do like Mr. Trumbull, decide to give 
up the semicolon. 


We use 

each year, beginning with 1896 and ending with 1906. 
The table contains more reliable information con- 
ninisterial statistics than has ever before 
It is based on the ministerial lists, 

the word grace here wittingly because it is 
grace on the part of any of us to be able to co- 

cerning our m: 
been published 

This year 

published in the Brethren Almanac from year to year 
For 1906 special efforts were made to have the list 
strictly correct up to the time of going to press Nov. 
7 1905 It will be observed that there is a slight de- 
crease in the list from 1905 to 1906, caused mainly 
by the removing of names that had by mistake been 
duplicated. For three years there has been practically 
no increase, but during the last five years there has 
been considerable increase. 

In 1896 we had. all told, 2,150 ministers 
the list shows 2,723, an increase of about twenty-six 
per cent for the period covered. That is, we now have 
573 more preachers than we had in 1896. 

It will be found interesting to study this table by 
States. Alabama, it will be observed, is not holding 
her own. In 1902 she had eight ministers, but now 
she has but four. Arkansas has one less than in 1896 
but at one time, 1900, had twenty-one. California has 
gone from twenty-two up to fifty-nine, but this has 
been brought about mainly by immigration from the 
eastern States. „, 

Illinois, starting with 144, moves up to 168 in 1904 
and still has the same number. A number of ministers 
have moved out of the State and several have moved 
in while quite a number have, during the time been 
elected The figures for Indiana will be studied with 
interest by those who know how heavily emigration 
has drawn on her forces. At one time her ministerial 
force was placed at 370, but now it is 349. Ohio is an- 
other State that has furnished a number »f augub 
for the West, and still there has been but little falling 
off. Iowa has suffered much, and she has less preach- 
ers now than the table shows in 1896. 

Missouri shows few changes, but Nebraska has 
fallen back slightly. Pennsylvania has not increased 
much since 1902. She, too, has been aff ected by emi- 
gration. Virginia, another State that has sent a num- 
ber of members to the West, is keeping up her minis- 
terial force well. Tennessee runs quite even, but 
North Dakota goes from four in 1896 up 
six. As all understand, this great increase was 
possible bv emigration. „ f ,„.„- 

We might call attention to other interesting features 
in the table, but we suggest that it be made a study by 
all of our patrons. Let the States be studied separate- 


Last week we shipped one thousand copies of 
» Eternal Verities " to India. These books are for 
immediate distribution among the mission workers and 
others of all classes. They are to go into the hands 
of hundreds, though educated, who do not believe in 
the inspiration of the Bible. The book 
bv business and professional men 
ideas It is to be placed in colleges and universities. 

- India 

who hold to infidel 
es and univers 
The president of one of the finest universities in 
ordered fifty copies for use among his workers and 
mav need more. He and others think that a cheap 
edition should be published for general circulation. 
Some of the educators and missionaries look upon 
it as the best work yet published in defense of the 
divine authorship of the Bible. The demand for the 
book is likely to be such that other large shipment 
will have to be made. We have sold thousands of this 
excellent book here in America, and as many more 
should be distributed. The book is neatly bound n 
cloth, contains 370 pages and will be sent postpaid to 
any part of the United States and Canada for $1.25 
On account of the Gish Fund, any minister of the 
Brethren church, who wants the book for his own use, 
is entitled to it for the cost of postage and packing, 
9 cents. Every Brethren minister, who does not hay 
a copy in his library, should at once order one. It is 
Probabl the best book Bro. Miller has yet written 
and deserves a wide circulation and careful reading. 


former editor of the Sun- 

to sixty- 

T4pn't;v Ci ay Trumbull, - 
^School Times, while always kind, fairly pliable 
2 reasonable in the end, had notions of his own 
and sometimes he clung to them with considerab 
tenacity even when confronted by others in whose 
udgment he had much confidence. He was much 
^to the use of the semicolon, in his writings, and 
Sometimes used it where the comma more properly be- 
on" One day his proof reader called his atten ion 
to the wrong use of the semicolc in, « tag tan * 
the comma should be employed instead. He chose 
I differ with her. though she was an expert a, the 
business and had been reading proof for him for 
" The matter happened to come up _agam an, 
the managing 

ordinate, adapt or acclimate ourselves fully to our 
environments as Christian men and women. Espe- 
cially is this true in our religious life. In our physical 
life we do it as far, perhaps, as our intelligence goes. 
In our eating and drinking we, as a rule, try to use 
such food and drinks as will best agree with our 
stomachs and lend most to our physical growth, 
strength and well-being. In our dressing we have to 
consider the seasons and climate in which we live. 
The purpose of dressing can be defined in one word 
comfort. Of course we use the word in its broadest 
s ense-comfort of mind, comfort of body. To have 
this comfort we must have grace enough to co- 
ordinate ourselves with our surroundings. And so in 
reference to climatic conditions. To be comfortable we 
must dress to suit ourselves to the climate If cold, 
heavier clothes; if warm, lighter clothes. As a rule, 
we do this unless we are slaves either to style or order. 
And too many of us are this, because we don t have 
grace enough to follow the dictates of good common 

sense. . , . , . .„„„ 

The Master, as the Son of God, in leaving his home 
in heaven and coming to earth with the purpose of 
redeeming the world to himself, showed grace be- 
yond human comprehension, not only in his coming, 
but more in adapting himself to the conditions .n the 
world as he found them. He brought with him a 
plan of salvation that would adapt itself to every con- 
dition in which men and women could be found And, 
in presenting this plan to the world, he adapted him- 
self to the people through the plan which he brought. 
In his contact with the world and people, he came in 
touch with them just as he found them-none too 
d low; none too high or rich; none too ig- 
his attention and 


norant. none too learned to arrest 
receive his truth. His was the wonderful plan of sal 
vation that could be coordinated to all possible en- 
vironments by which men and women cot. Id be sur- 
rounded. It was and is a salvation for all peoples, 
all nations, all conditions. And ,f we have a re- 
ligion, or form of religion, that cannot be tin, adapt- 
ed we have either a shortage in gospel doctrine or 
have added to that which the Gospel requires. In 
either case we would fail in gospel coordination. 

s hear it said by some that our form of 
not adapted to or suitable for 

We sometimes 
church government is 

editor took sides with the proof reader. 

town and city conditions, for the negroes. 
and some of the other heathen nations. 

for China 
If there is 

THE uOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 3, 1906. 

any truth in such sayings, where is the trouble, and 
who is in fault ? No one would dare to say that the 
fault is with Jesus Christ or his Gospel, because it, 
the Gospel, is declared by all to be the power of God 
unto salvation to all who believe and accept it. And 
as this Gospel is to be preached to all nations it is be- 
cause God wants all nations to be saved and has 
adapted his plan of salvation to that end. 

Then, if there is a trouble anywhere it must be 
with the church that holds a form of church govern- 
ment that will not adapt itself to the conditions and 
environments of the people, be they in country, town 
or city, black, brown or white, ignorant or learned, 
high or low, bond or free. 

Now, we cannot change conditions as we find them 
in the world before giving them the Gospel, but we 
can so change our form of church government that 
we can be able to give it to all the world just as we 
find it. And this can be done without changing a 
single iota of the Gospel of Christ, because it is full 
enough and complete enough to reach every possible 
case or condition. All that is necessary on our part as 
a church is to coordinate our views of church govern- 
ment more fully to the gospel plan of salvation for 
all nations and all peoples. 

This we have been doing from time to time as new 
conditions have come up and met us. But in doing 
it we have been so slow that our work has been great- 
ly impeded in the delay. There was a time when 
there was little or no coordination in our views of 
church government and the Sunday school. This has 
been changed, not by 'violating any gospel principle, 
but by accepting a fuller interpretation of what it 
teaches. There was a time when our ideas of church 
government did not see the advantages ' that would 
accrue to the church by favoring greater educational 
privileges to our people in establishing high schools 
and colleges. This too has been changed without in 
any way conflicting with the Gospel— the teachings of 

There was a time when we, as a church, did not 
see the propriety of entering into the missionary work. 
Between our views and the gospel teachings there 
was no active coordination. Because of a fuller in- 
terpretation of the Gospel this marks another change, 
and still no changing of gospel teachings, but by adapt- 
ing our views more fully to gospel principles. 

Another discoordination that now seems to be facing 
us is the discoordination of some of our views of 
church government to successful mission work in our 
towns, cities, among the colored people and in heathen 
lands. Just in what special things this misfit consists 
will have to be determined largely by those who have 
intelligent and experimental knowledge of conditions 
as they exist. 

The time is now here that we should have churches 
in all of our towns and cities, not only because of our 
people and children that are gravitating into these 
places, but because Jesus died to save all peoples and 
because gospel principles, if rightly interpreted, are 
as well adapted to towns and cities as to the country. 
What we need is a more intelligent interpretation of 
gospel adaptation to conditions as they come to us. 


There is a financial side to a preacher's work as 
well as a spiritual side. Some ministers keep a rec- 
ord of the spiritual side, others a record of the finan- 
cial side, while some keep no record at all. They go 
on about their work, attending to both the temporal 
and spiritual sides, leaving the Lord to care for the 
record as he sees proper. We have one minister in 
the West who has been watching his figures very 
closely. He has a record that very few preachers 
ever think about keeping, and he sends it to us. We 
are going to let the Messenger readers take a good 
look at it. They need not know who the preacher is, 
but they may rest assured that this record might be 
easily duplicated in nearly every state district in the 
Brotherhood. But here is the record of sixteen years 
for one man : 

Tn closing up the old year I found the following ac- 
count of my ministry: 

Years of service, 16 

Age when elected, '. 19 

Regular sermons preached, 475 

Revival sermons, 325 

Total number of sermons, 800 

Series of meetings held, 14 

Converts during meetings, 60 

Days spent in meetings, 273 

Money received for meetings, $265 

Railroad fare to meetings, ' $45 

Net proceeds to me, $220 

Wages per day received, 80c 

Expense of family daily ■ $1.50 

Years spent in preparation, 6 

Cash for schooling and books, $2,000 

Total amount received for meetings, marriages, etc., $290 

Total loss to me in cash, $1,710 

Total number of weekdays spent in church work for 

which no pay was received, 450 

Age to which I must live to regain my cash outlay if 

present rate continues, 130 

Many other items of interest are found in the record 
which figures cannot express, such as driving nine miles 
to church when mercury is ten degrees below zero, and 
finding the house locked.' After crawling through the 
window, starting fire, sweeping the schoolhouse, dusting 
benches and myself, then preaching free salvation. I in- 
vited the audience back in four weeks to enjoy a similar 

Six times I started to church before breakfast (my 
boarding house had breakfast at . eight thirty on Sunday 
during winter), preached at ten thirty, then drove ten 
miles and preached at two thirty and then another ten 
miles and preached at seven and then drove home nine 
miles without anything to eat the entire day. My horse 
had lunch while I preached. 

Those are blessed memories now, since they are eleven 
years in the past with me. 

Then I spent ninety dollars in livery hire to keep up 
regular appointments. Upon my request the church re- 
plenished me fifty dollars after due deliberation. 

Through all this and much more the impelling motive 
has been what Paul says in Philpp. 3:10, "That I may 
know him and the power of his resurrection, and the fel- 
lowship of his sufferings." And then again in the thir- 
teenth verse, " Forgetting the things which 'are behind, I 
press on toward the goal unto the prize of God in Christ 

By the grace of God I am ready for sixteen more years 
of service similar to the past if by any means some may 
be saved. 

Viewed from the financial standpoint, this is a very 
discouraging record, and yet it tells the story of thou- 
sands all along the line from the days of the apostles 
until the present time. Our correspondent is not com- 
plaining. He leaves us a few facts, turns his face to- 
wards the cross and moves on. He is hoping for a 
better day, not that he may live the life of luxury and 
indolence, but that he may do more good, may reach 
more people, convert more sinners, feed more saints 
on spiritual nourishment and make the world better. 
What if some of those, who have a good balance to 
put in the bank each year, would look up the worthy 
preachers, whose finances are going the other way, 
and there are plenty of them, and help them bear at 
least a part of their burdens? This would be brotherly, 
charitable, Christlike and in keeping with the golden 


Will the Jews ever become a nation again? Will they 
return to Palestine and again possess the country? 

To return to Palestine, to repossess and again build 
up the promised land, has been the dream of the Jews 
ever since the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans 
in the first century. They read of the return in Isa. 
14: 1, " For the Lord will have compassion on Jacob, 
and will yet choose Israel and set them in their own 
land." They also gather much comfort from Jer. 23: 
7, 8: "Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the 
Lord; that they shall no more say, The Lord liveth, 
which brought up the . children of Israel out of the 
land of Egypt ; but. The Lord, liveth, which brought 
up and which led the seed of the house of Israel out 
of the north country, and from all countries whither 
I have driven them ; and they shall dwell in their own 
land." These and other scriptures have been pondered 
by the Jews of all lands until they believe with their 
whole heart that they, as a nation, will some day be 
permitted to reoccupy their beloved land. The desire 
to return is so intense that nothing but the strong 

arms of a cruel government keeps them out. Were 
all restrictions to be withdrawn, and they be per- 
mitted to return, the Jews would inside of a few 
years overrun the whole country. Jerusalem would 
grow immensely, scores of cities would be rebuilt, all 
of the fertile parts of the country would be cultivated, 
railroads extended, wagon roads constructed, and Pal- 
estine would become a wonderful resort for tourists. 
Thousands of Christians would find at least tempor- 
ary homes among the Jews. Such is the feeling of 
the Jewish and Christian world that all of this, and 
even more, would happen should liberty and protec- 
tion be assured. But the time of the Gentiles is not 
yet fulfilled, and the Jews must await the appointed 
time of the Lord. 


Our people are fast working up to the point of 
supporting regular pastors, men who give all their 
time and energies to the interest of the church. Our 
free ministry system, while hard on the preachers, has 
done a fine work, and there is still a large field for it, 
but it does not, in all instances, suit certain local 
conditions. There are localities where the church in- 
terest cannot be kept up by the free method, and this 
condition has made the supported ministry a necessity. 
A number of congregations are securing pastors, 
and so far the demand has been exceeding the supply. 
Many of our preachers are tied up by business rela- 
tions and cannot at present cut loose from secular 
affairs so as to give all their time to the work of the 
ministry. Then, comparatively few ministers have 
had the necessary training to fit them for the kind 
of pastoral labors most needed. But the supply is 
going to increase. In the course of a few years we 
are likely to have hundreds of men who will fully 
consecrate their lives to the interests of the church. 
Some of the ministers now in business will close out 
and enter the Master's vineyard for full service. 

The idea of a supported ministry is a good one if 
not abused. Of course, it will be abused more or less, 
the same as every other good thing has been carried 
to the extreme by somebody. The free ministry itself 
has been abused- In the supported ministry we need 
to guard against the evil and encourage the good. 
No one need think strange of the supporting method. 
For years we have been supporting our missionaries 
both at home and abroad. The plan is simply spread- 
ing here in America and will continue to spread until 
hundreds of congregations will have shepherds who 
can give all of their attention to their flocks. 


How long did Joseph, the husband of Mary, live after 
the visit to Jerusalem, when Jesus was twelve years old? 
Did they have other children? 

The Gospels are silent regarding the death of Jo- 
seph. Tradition says he died soon after the return 
from Jerusalem. We are not, however, of this opinion. 
We know that Mary had other children. In Matt. 
13: 55 four brothers of the Lord are named, and in 
the next verse sisters are mentioned. There were not 
less than six children in the family besides Jesus. 
In Luke 2: 41 we read that Joseph and Mary went 
from Nazareth up to Jerusalem every year to the 
feast of the passover. During these twelve years 
there seems to have been no children to interfere with 
these annual visits. When the trip was made to Jeru- 
salem, of which Luke makes special mention, there is 
not even a hint of another child in the family aside 
from Jesus. This leads us to conclude that the four 
brothers and the sisters may have been born after the 
return from Jerusalem. True, Joseph is not mentioned 
as one pf the guests at 'the Cana wedding. That, 
however, does not prove that he was either absent or 
dead. Then the clear statement in Matt. 13- 55 about 
the carpenter indicates that the people around Galilee 
still knew Joseph by his occupation, a thing very un- 
likely had he been dead eighteen years. He may have 
died shortly after this, for he must have been dead at 
the time of the crucifixion, otherwise Jesus would not 
have committed the care of his mother to the apostle ■ 



fieneral Missionary and Tract Department 

D. L. 
S. F. 


- Illinois I fl 

- Indiana j fl 


. C. Early, 
B. Barnhart, 



Some one says, "Be sure to tell how the Moravians 
make part of the money they use in supporting their mis- 
sionaries." That is the part of their work which all of 
us wish was different. What is the use of converting men 
to Christ if at the same time we are running breweries 
and distilleries, making the vile stuff which casts or drags 
millions of men and women down into the pit? For no 
drunkard shall inherit the kingdom .of heaven. We do 
not know how much of their mission money comes from 
the profits of their breweries and distilleries, but it is a 
large sum. The pity of it that such an inconsistency ex- 

There may be the shadow of an excuse for the insti- 
tutions in Germany, for the drink habit is more common 
there than here. Even religious people consider it all 
right. But revenue is derived from such industries in 
America and used in propagating the Gospel. Such a 
procedure we could not tolerate. It is all right to' con- 
vert people, but all wrong to make them drunkards. The 
heathen who has never heard of Christ may be better off 
in the world to come than the drunkard who has learned 
to believe that he is the Son of God. It seems to be do- 
ing evil that good may come. God forbid that his people 
should engage in anything of this kind. 

But revenue from intoxicating drinks is not the only 
objectionable kind that is used to carry out the great 
commission. Some persons gain great wealth by op- 
pressing others, and then give liberally to mission work- 
perhaps to ease their consciences. Christian men, so- 
called, Have been known to drive sharp bargains— not al- 
ways telling the whole truth and nothing but the truth — 
and then make a liberal donation to some good work. I 
know an excellent man— not a brother— who is careful to 
pay his full share or more toward all lines of church ac- 
tivity, and yet he doesn't give in all his personal property 
for taxation. Each has his peculiar weakness which to 
him seems no sin. The man who is guilty of any of these 
ways _others might be mentioned— of adding to his 
wealth does himself no more good by giving than does 
the man who makes his money by selling alcoholic li- 
quors, though he may not do others so much harm. 

But the fact we need to remember is that God's re- 
sources are unlimited, and we do not need to stoop to 
doubtful ways of securing money to carry on his work. 
If a right use is made of what is given, he will give more 
when the right time comes. Each one must stand or fall 
when the time of settlement comes, and which he docs 
will depend altogether on his opportunities for learning 
and doing. It is not a difficult matter to decide what 
may or may not be done. It is all right for one to make 
money, if he does it in a way that is not contrary to the 
will of God, and uses it in a proper way. But if his 
product injures his brother physically or mentally or mor- 
ally or spiritually, he is in duty bound to stop producing. 
If he gains by some one else losing, it is a sin for him 
to gain. 

It is good to let the zeal of others in carrying on the 
Lord's work prompt us to greater zeal. But zeal is not 
all that is needed. And there are different ways of rais- 
ing money in vogue among people who call themselves 
Christians. Some of them arc disreputable, and many of 
them are an injury instead of a benefit, for they put the 
giving on a wrong basis. We may injure people by lead- 
ing them to give from wrong motives 
them by selling that which is injurious. 
to get our hearts and lives so full of the Word of God 
that it will constrain us to do his work. Then the cost 
will enter but little into our calculations when it is clear 
to us that the Lord would have us move forward in a 
given work. We can do all things through Christ who 
strengthens us, if we will but take him at his word. 

cording to their own desire. This happy condition is 
theirs because the kind brethren and sisters in America 
are sustaining this Christian home for them in the midst 
of this heathen land. We hope the supporters of orphans 
will be glad to keep up their support until those who 
can learn will have an education that will be a credit to 
them and to our mission work. A great need is conse- 
crated, educated native workers. 

During the year 1905 we had fifty-one baptisms here at 
Bulsar, of which thirty-four were among the children in 
the orphanage. Only a few of the orphans remain tin- 
baptized — those who are too young. 

To-day the missionaries gather at Anklesvar for the 
preparatory meetings to the district meeting, which will 
convene Jan. 2, 1906. We hope all the missionaries can 
be present part of the time, though some will be obliged 
to miss some of the meetings because of work at home. 
We anticipate good meetings for the next four days. 

Our love feast is appointed for Jan. 8. The prepara- 
tory council was held on Christmas day at five o'clock. 
We had a large attendance. Also elected two delegates 
to district meeting— one of our carpenters and one village 
preacher. Reelected Bro. Emmert superintendent of the 
Sunday school for 1906. Sent three papers to district 
meeting. We hope to have Brother and Sister D. L. Mil- 
ler with us at the love feast before they sail for the home- 

Christmas was a good day with us here. At 9 A. M. 
we all met in the house of worship for special service. 
All were presented with small Christmas cards on which 
were printed suitable verses in Gujerati. After this were 
distributed the certificates to all who had passed in the 
Sunday-school examination. Everybody was happy. The 
service lasted for an hour and a half. Our dinner we en- 
joyed with all the Christian families at the home of 
Brother Stover's. In the afternoon several of us went 
to a heathen village where there is a Sunday school and 
gave them a special service, which they enjoyed very 
much as it seemed. They also received cards and we 
hope learned something of the real meaning of Christmas. 
They listen well to the story of Christ. Our supper we 
enjoyed with the children in the orphanage. Two native 
meal's on the same day are not especially pleasing to an 
American taste, and yet for the enjoyment of our India 
brethren and sisters we gladly do it. The real joy of 
Christmas does not lie in eating and drinking, anyhow, 
but in the inner jov of the soul which comes from an 
appreciation of the Christ and from the consciousness of 
having made somebody happy. 

vacation in our schools from Dec. 15 to Jan. 

of this time there have been special 

the evening at five o'clock. Last 

the last service. We expect some more to 

There is 
2; during a part 
preaching services 
evening was 

be baptized early in January, 
us all good. 

This is the last mail to you in 190S. The year is just 
gone. O Lord, forgive wherein we have failed. It has 
been a very excellent year for us. We praise our God 
for it. May he be able to use us all still more to his 
glory in the year 1906. 1- M. Blough. 

Dec. 29. 

The meetings have done 




and more driven to a sense ot our unworthiness to meet 
such demands and to realize that " no man can come to 
me except the Father draw him." 

Just yesterday two men came up to the house and be- 
gan asking for us to give them something. The first 
thing they said was. " I am a Brahman." and held out their 
hands. I knew what it all meant and turned from the 
door and sat down again. They kept persisting in saying 
that they were Brahmans and that I should supply their 
wants. Finally one came in and sat down in front of 
me. I said to him, "Who are you?" " I am a BRAH- 
MAN." he said with much emphasis. Then I said, "Whom 
do you think that I am'" Just then the tailor who was 
here spoke in and said to hin^ " Sahib is a Brahman, too," 
of course meaning holding the same official position in 
relation to people. He now pulled out the Brahmanical 
cord and showed that to me and repeated. "I am a 
Brahman." "Well," T said, "do you think that you are 
any better than I am? " Rather surprised at that he said. 
"Oh no. Sahih, hut I am a Brahman." "Well," I said. 
" so am I, and if I run out of something to eat or to wear 
T can get but and work for it." "Yes. Sahih. hut I am a 
Brahman." "Well." 1 said. "I will give you something 
to eat if you will eat our food." " No. Sahib, lama 
Brahman." By this time he was getting enough and he 
started out murmuring that he could not understand what 
all I was up to. He did not exactly, because it is born 
into them, and according to their religion being a Brah- 
man entitles them to the gifts of the people, and if they 
will give to them, in return many blessings will follow. 
The fact that he is a Brahman entitles him to all this 
whether he is worthy of it or not. and it is a sad tiling 
to note that many are not. 

Our souls have been much blessed through the visits 
of Bro. Ehy's and Bro. McCann's. It had been several 
months since we had the privilege of associating with 
the dear Brethren of the other stations, and we were 
beginning lo get real good and hungry for what we might 
term "communion with the saints." Of course we all 
feel that \vc are far from where we ought to he spiritually, 
and when wc get out surrounded by nothing but heathen- 
ism there comes a longing to lie with those who arc wor- 
shiping the one true God and arc one with us in the 
great work of saving souls. These short visits are days 
of refreshing to us. 

Some miles on farther is our nearest missionary neigh- 
bor. He has a farm and is supporting himself and wife 
and eleven orphans. Bro. McCann lias been wanting to 
go to see him and his work for some time; so now'since 
he was this far we planned to go in the forenoon and re- 
turn in the evening. We went, and afler dinner started 
out to sec the place. Wild game is often seen on the 
place, so each one of us shouldered a gun, and before 
wc returned succeeded in bringing to the ground the larg- 
est wild game any ot us have seen. It is called a Nyl- 
ghau, and has flic appearance of an ox, I am safe in 
saying that such meat you do not always get from your 
shops nowadays when men lake every conceivable way of 
getting hold of the dollar. 

It is with much pleasure thai we read of the progress 
of the work at home. May wc all be one body, with one 
united purpose working together with him who alone can 
give the increase. 

Vyara, India, T. V. Ry., Dec. 20. 

A. W. Ross. 

others injure 
What we need is 


lill we trust him? How much will we do for him? 

G. M. 




Last Sunday twenty-three were baptized— all orphan 
children. All of these are yet in their tender years and 
we rejoice to see them begin the Christian life so early. 
They can become Christians without any of the objec- 
tions which lie in the way of the India masses. They 
have no caste to fear; they have no employment to lose; 
their friends cannot say them no; they are free to do ac- 

More than one year has passed by since we landed in 
India. Many and varied have been our experiences. It 
has been one continuous season of adaptation to new and 
in many ways peculiar circumstances. Customs are new, 
language is new, and in many respects we have a new diet, 
new problems to solve, new trials, readjustment of one s 
relation to the homeland, a whole lot of new lessons to 
learn, and when we sum it all up we are reminded of the 
good, wholesome advice of one who had been on the field 
some thirty-eight years. He said that it took him just 
twenty-eight of those to get himself where he ought to be 
and where the Lord could use him to advantage 1 hat is 
a long time, and we all hope that we may so adjust our- 
selves to God's will and to the influence of his Spirit that 
our first years may not be in vain. 

I was never so impressed with our own inability to 
reach the people and lead them to the Lord Jesus as I 
was the other night when Bro. McCann was trying to 
lead some village people into the truth. He asked them 
about their worship, what they worship, and finally what 
worship means. That seemed to be a hard question to 
them and thev hesitated very much, when one old man 
going through the motions at the same time, said tha 
it was to play on his musical instrument, dance and ge 
happy They have such a faint idea of what God IS. And 
how can it be otherwise? They get little, if any, instruc- 
tion in religion; their ideal is no higher than the wood and 
stone they worship or bow down to, and as near as I can 
see it their priests as a whole are parasites of soc.ety, giv- 
ing little if anything in return, except to exhort the people 
to be faithful to their gods, and of course that means 
more grain, more money for them, and even more worship 
and honor to themselves. As we meet these conditions 
among the low, and then note the self-righteous, proud, 
bigoted condition of the upper classes, we are more 

«• «> <?> 

Of late years our church has made a commendable 
growth along the line of mission work especially in 
foreign fields and good work is being done in our 
foreign missions, for which wc have reason to praise 
the Lord. But I have for some lime been impressed with 
the thought that perhaps through our zeal to send work- 
ers to the foreign fields we arc sadly neglecting the work 
at home. Especially since locating here in the northern 
edge of Oklahoma and seeing the vast scope of territory 
unoccupied by our Brethren have I been made to feel 
this And there is not only this great Southwest but 
there are the old southern Stales and the New England 
Slates In either of these places there are no doubt 
many who do not know of our church. For tins reason 
I feel that we need to do more work at home. If we do 
not carry the whole Gospel, pure and unadulterated, lo 
these people, who will be held accountable? 

,ould suggest that, before we open any more mis- 
in foreign fields, we see that all these places at 
home are supplied with workers. Then we would in time 
probably have a larger scope of territory to select work- 
ers from for the foreign fields. But after these places at 
home are all supplied with workers I would suggest that 
we then go after our neighbors. There is yet much un- 
occupied territory in the Dominion of Canada; then there 
"sSouth America and Mexico. Cuba and the Philippines. 
I am pleased to notice that the sentiment of some of our 
Brethren is growing in favor of more work at horn.; and 
I feel to encourage this sentiment. Daniel N.swander. 
Caldwell, Kans. 



TT tt, v-v/bPEL MESSENGER.— February 3, 1906. 



See that the amount appears properly herewith. In case it 
-does not, write at once to the Committee 

All mission funds for general work should be sent to and 
-in the name of General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
Jilgin. Illinois. 


Illinois — 3798.07. — Northern District, Congregations. Elgin, 
3S.05; Millcdgeville, SI 2.50; Silver Creek, S50.27; Chicago, 
^4.30; Lanark, S44.5.S; Yellow Creek. $14.30; Rock River, Sol. 50; 
Shannon, $52. S3; Cherry Grove, $34.16; Waddams Grove, $6-10; 
■Polo. $11. IS; West Branch, $25 .60; Pine creek, $17.17; Hickory 

Grove, $11.93; Yellow Creek, $5.28 356 05 

Individuals. Kate Boyer. Lena. $5.00; Catharine Strickler, 
Lanark. $1.00; Rosy Jourden, Honey Creek, 49 cents; J. G. 
Royer and Wife. Ait. Morris, $2.00; P. R. Keltner. Lena, Mar- 
riage Notice. 50 cents; O. D. Buck, Franklin Grove, Marriage 
Notice, 50 cents; Jacob F, Butterbaugh, Lanark. $5.00; Wm. 
Wingerd. Lanark. $12.00; W. R. Bratton, Mt. Carroll, $6.25; D. 
M. Barkman, Franklin Grove, $2.50; Galen B. Royer, Elgin. 
$5.40; E. Wefcle, Shannon, $10.00, J. H. Moore, Elgin, $1.20; 
Thilip a Graybill. Polo, $1.20; J. M. Lutz, Mt. Morris, $1.00; 
Collin Puterbaugh, Lanark, $6.00; Lizzie A. Rohrer, Alt. Car- 
■roll, 62 cents; W. R. Thomas, Alt. Morris, $1.00; Mrs. 
-Sovinie BregunJer, Rock ford. $1.00; Mrs. Flora V. Brink- 
erhoff, Rockford, $1.00; Brother and Sister Joseph Arnold, 
Lanark, $6.10; J. D. and Mary C. Lahman, Franklin Grove, 
-$200.00.; A. H. Stauffer, Polo, 50 cents; Mary Fisher, Pearl 

City, 56.00; A. L. Moats, Dixon, $1.20, ... . 275 46 

Southern District, Congregati-ms. Oakley, $12.47; Astoria 
--and Woodland, $16.45; Panther Creek, $13.55; West Otter 
Creek. $5.70; Cerrogordo, $67.10; Pleasant Hill, $.13.73, 149 06 
Individuals. R. E. and Sarah Burger, Allerton. $5.00; Ser- 
Slda J. Gates, Girard, $2.50; J. J. Shively, Cerrngordo. $5.00; 
<H. W. Strickler and Wife, Loraine, $2.00; Henry Snell (de- 
•ceased), Vlrden, $1.50; Geo. W. Miller, Cerrngordo, Marriage 

-Notice. 50 cents; J. W. Stutzman, Girard, $1.00 17 60 

Indiana — 3428.92. — Northern Dist., Cong. Elkhart West Go- 
shen, $8.36; Yellow Creek, $18.34; Pleasant Valley, $10.23; 
Nappanee, $26.00; Union Center, $14.00; Cedar Lake, $11.18; 

Rock Run, $15,00, 103 11 

Individuals. Airs. John Neff, Bristol, $1.00; David Clem, 
Walkerton, $1.00; R. R. Snyder, South Whitley, $1.00; Amanda 
Whitmer, Osceola, 13 cents; Daniel Wvsong, Nappanee, $1.00; 
. Daniel Steele, North Liberty, $1.50; Henry Warner. Bluffton, 
$1.00; Emma J. Reiff, Bennetts Creek, $1.00; Airs, Ella York, 
Lake Ciott, $5.00; C. A. Brallier, Pierceton, $1.00; Isaac Early, 
North Liberty, $10.00; Noah H. Shutt, Lima, $1.00; Mrs. C. C. 
Wenger. South Bend, $5.50; Henrv Neff. New Paris, Alarriage 
Notice, 50 cents; Solomon Eurkholdei, Walkerton, $1.00; Sam- 
uel E. Good, North Liberty, $1.00; David Motts. Osceola, $1.00; 
Melvln D. Neff, Alilford, $10.00; D. B. Hartman, Lakeville. 

52.00 45 63 

Aliddle Dist., Cong. Middle Fork, $116.86; Pipe Creek. 
$10.00; Montlcello, 817,21; Burnetts Creek. $5.00; Ft. Wayne, 
$15.15; Deer Creek. $6.00; Hartford, S2S.50, Bethel Center, 

$14,25; South Bend church, $9.45 222 42 

Individuals. Elizabeth Price, Kokomo, $1.00; Sophia Voorhis, 
New Waverly, $2.00; David Flory, Logansnort. !>S cents; Airs. 
Christian Grady, Mllford, $1.00; Mary B. Lorenz. Greentown. 
$1.00; Mrs. Eunice Early, South Bend. $5.00; Daniel Karn. 
North Manchester. $2,50; John W. Hoover, North Manchester, 
$1.50; Elizabeth Fisher, Mexico, 50 cents; Catharine Utley, 
Brookston. SI, 00; Hamon Hoover. Mllford, $3.50; Frank Fisher, 

Mexico, $1.50, 21 48 

Christian Workers, Hartford City 3 OO 

Southern Dist., Cong. Arcadia, $5.80; Beech Grove, $7.50; 

Nettle Creek, 50 cents; Four Mile, $11.15 24 95 

Individuals. Minnie Chalford, Biountsvllle, $1.25; John AI. 
and Malltula Ilelihigton, Muncie, $4.00; Abraham Bowman, Ha- 
gerstown. $2.00; Amanda Widows. Uneorstnwri, $1.08, 8 33 

Ohio — S378.12.— Northwestern Ohio, Cong. Logan, $13.09; 
Eagle Creek, $16,75; Baker, $10. (ifl; Rome, $12.00; Greenspring, 
$15.00; Elk Creek, $26.65; Maumee. $2,75; Eagle. $1 00, 97 24 

Individuals. Airs. Clara A. Hollowav, Zanesvllle, LOO; 
Christian Krahlll, Edgerton, $2.00; Lvdia Farrier, Upper San- 
dusky, 50 cents; Catharine Deck, Delta, $1.00; Wm. Lentz, 
Baltic, $1.00; Matlle Smith, Wnuseon, $1 00; Nancy E. Smith, 
Wauseon, $1.00; Lydia Fried, Alontpelier, $5.00; N. R, Treed, 
Williamsport, $1.00; N. H. and Barbara Newcomer, Bryan, 
53.00; John O. Warner, West Milton, $1.20; Hnttie S, Vinson. 
Lima. $1.00; Louella Z. Swank. Belleiontaine, $2.00; Alary 
Brenner, Edgerton. $1.00; Mrs. Sarah Beeghiy, Sclplo Siding, 
$2.00; Caroline Smith, McClure, $1.00; John Dupler, Thorn- 
ville, $1.20; David Berkeblle, Delta, $1.20; S. N. Wright, Fos- 

torla, $1.00; Joseph S. Robison, Carey, $1.00 29 10 

Northeastern District. Cong. Chippewa, $14.90; Wooster, 
$22.51; Alt. Zion, $4.00; Sugar Creek, $17.10; Danville, 

$26.50 85 oi 

Sunday School. Paradise 10 00 

Individuals. Airs. Joslah Kurtz, Hartville, $5.00; A W. 
Binkiy. Norwalk. $1.00; Mrs. E, M. McFadden, Mansfield $1.00; 
Alarla Bellner, Perrysvllle, $1.00; Mary A. Shrover, Pierce, 
53.25; Airs, Sarah Crisemer. Wadsworth. $1.00; Amanda Trox- 
el, West Salem. $2.00; Sarah A. Dupler, Thornvllle. $5.00; O, 
?,' ȣ ra,lk * West Salem, (1.50; M. Hoover, West Nimlshlllen. 
$1.00; A Brother and Family. Freeburg. $10.00; Airs. Flora 
M oner man, Ashland, $5.00; Geo. Cocnnover. Belleville 51 00- 
Catharine Hoffman, Middle Branch. $1.00. Lvdia Wertz $150' 

Mrs. H. E. Kurtz, Mogadon e. $2.00 42' 25 

to% ut £?5 n Dia k- „9 0n ,?'- Prkes Creek, $5.00; Lower Miami, 
53.00; Sidney, (5.94; Upper Stillwater, $8,84; Loramie, $1.95; 
Bear Creek, 515.00; Salem, $14 73; Wolf Creek $13 52 67 98 

Sunday School. HIckorv Grove 6 59 

Individuals Blrdella A. Printz, White Cottage, 51.00; AI. 
W. Printz, White Cottage, $6.oa ; Minerva Printz, White Cot- 
tage, 53.00. SD. Royer. Bradford. $2.00; Anna C. Minnlch, 
Union 51.00; Sarah A. Scott. Hillston, 51.00; David Fultz, 
Kushville, S.S.00; Ellas Stauffer. Arcanum, $1.25; John E. 
Gnagey. West Alllton, $15.00; W, ('. Teeter, Davton, $1 20* Wm 
KJepinger. Dayton, $3.00; Philip R. Prlser, New Lebanon! 

$1.25; Eliza Prlser, New Lebanon. $1.25 39 95 

Iowa- $264.43.— Middle Dist.. Cong. Coon River, 52.00; Cen- 
ter. $7.oS: Cedar, $8.75; Panther, $2000 38 33 

Individuals. D. W. Hendricks, Coon Rapids, $2.50; I. W. 
Brubaker, Monroe, Marriage Notice, 50 cents; G. W Hod- 
W0 5 d '„pT e P R-Jver, $2.00; L. W. Kennedy, Eldora, S1.00; Airs. 
I S ;, Wa J ker ' Linden - 51-00; S. B Miller. Cedar Rapids. $1.50; 
?t . M - Gouphnour. Ankeny. $1.00; Sarah Smith, East Des 
Ank^v *M E t L ir^ eSt ' ™""t. $1.00; J L. Hildereth 
Ankeny, $1.00; J. Matins, Bondurant, 51.00; AT. E. West 
Ankeny, $1.00; E. A. Hall. Bondurant. $1,00; A E West 
Ankeny $5.00; A. Brother. Dallas Center. $2.00; Uriah s! 
i 2«& h * fA'^ 1 ' VM- J r'\ Un Ru,]y - '-'s^nib. $5.00; G. A. Moore 

cloB'cSSS ffo? I4ctt7 * wkterlc= ?3 - cc Prank R ^ e K s o 

Northern Dist., Cong. Klngsley! ".'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'."'." n 79 

Ind vidnals. Alary A. Yeager, Meriden. $1.00; H. F Maust 
Struble, $, : >o : David Brallier. Greenville. $6.00; W II Lionel' 
Garrison. 51.00: Airs. Mary Miller. Ehlnra. $1.00; J M Or d v 
Waterloo, $::. ,0 ; FV n il, i; .nd J Za„h, Grundy .'enter. $10 00 
I. W Kennedy, Kido.a. $1000; Jacob Lichty. Waterloo. 56.00 

Vinton Artz, Beam an, 50 cents 46 00 

• .iS , 91i th ;? rn «JH?J-' Con S- Pleasant Hill. J6.00; "English River 
546. 0; South ottumwa. $2.00; English Rl ver. North ,P a t. $4 OoJ 
South Keokuk. $7 0,,- Salem. $-|ri 60; Fairview, $2 91 110 61 
•v T I^' idUal9 > ^ r - S ' ?• P " Hutchinson, .'o.mcll Bluffs. $2.00; 
Shenandoah, 81.00; L. M. Kob, Garden Grove SI 00- Alice 
Rodabaugh, Birmingham, $1.00; Jacob Keffer. New Virginia 

Penneylyania— S275.85.— n;st?rr District Ccng. r — ?-?° 

hnr^'tl- ; T r '"';" r "."' """■ ' ik '" ni " r Valh-v S e n,: t n put s 
burg, 56.35; Jacobs Creek. $19.71; Manor, $1,30; Indian Creek, ' 

SjrJfy School. Flscssait 3r*v3 5 % it 

Individuals. Mrs W. S. Weller. Somerset si.Vo': Amanda 

Roddy. Johnstown, $1 00; A r Sliumaker p„tnov«,-iiio iiiii. 
£* $■&%* S& McClelial&T r $l P 00 t : n iS?. Vl LVmts' 

'■,'■, „ S ' Ml ) | "i. Mey^rsdale. $6.00; Joel Gnaeev Mevers 
r-^l'V, ?3 r"? ; T £ A' ,vln,r,,to "- -T"'ir.»rown $ 00 w n V Thorn"' 
Gibbon «««e, *]00, Sadie ]: Hummel, HollsopV le $1 00 Levi 

*-7 t0 r r n er 'T, A l ,f;e ' * 10 -00: T.evi and Sarah Stonr-r I lecea^Vd) Alice 

Cr£k th ?Tcc tiBtri,: " Cng - Tjrp - r ^«*«lena $13.37; Lost 

■ clS *d.- ™~ J - Shallenberger and T\'ifc Mr MiBfwvlllo 
$5.00; Elmer Whltstone, Everett, 81.00; DessieMZiegie?: 

Carlisle, $1.00; David l-Josteltler, Chambersburg, $1.00; W. B, 
Harlacher, Hanover, $1.00; John and Martha Lehner, Upton, 
$1.50; Caroline Womelsdorf, Marvsville, $1.00; H. C, Prlser, 
Waynesboro. $2 50; Helen Price. Wa vneslmro, $1.25; Leah F. 
Miller, Shippensbure, $1.00; Miss Emma Martin. York, $1.00; 
Ella Sprenkel, York, $2.00; Julia A. Sprenkel, York, $3,00; 
John F. Sprenkel. York. $25.00, Maggie K. Miller, Spring 
Forge. $2,00; Amanda K. Miller, Spring Forgo, $2.00; D. E. 
Bowman and Wife, East Berlin, $10.00, Jacob Beeler, York 

$2.00 66 2G 

Middle Dist., Cong. Elk Lick 34 66 

Individuals. John Drenning, Everett, $1.00; D, B, Alad- 
docks, Roaring Springs. .Marriage Notice, 50 cents; Susanna L. 
Sell, Woodbury, $1.00; Anna H. Sell, Woodbury, $1.00. Alary 
Rohrer, Honej grove. $5.00; Eliza Reese, BelsanO, $1.00; Jas. 
C. Winelaud. Martinsburg, $1,00; Ferdinand H, Alohr. Bakers 
Summit, $1.00; Elmer Hepner, Altoona, 23 cents; Susanna 
Rouzer, New Paris. $1.00; J. S. Mohler, Maitland, $8.00; A. M. 
Kuhns, Union Deposit, $3.00, Charles W, Reichard, Hunting- 
don, $3.00, 36 73 

Eastern Dist., Cong. Maiden Creek 1 03 

Individuals. Ellen S. Herr, Alanhelm, $1.00; Airs. Salome 
R. Engl-j, Elizabeth town, $1.00; Amos Taylor and Wife, Spring 
Grove, $1.00; Alary A. Bassler, Petersburg, $1.00. Bessie Rider, 
Elizabethtown, $1.00; David G. Wells, Spring City, $1.20; 
Abram Fackler, Union Deposit, $5.00; Solomon Fackler. Estate, 
S5.00; Mrs. S. AI. Attlck, Mechanics burg; 46 cents; I, N. H. 
Beahm, Elizabethtown, Alarriage Notice, 60 cents, ,. 17 15 

Kansas — S225.78. — Southwestern Dist., Cong. Darned, $10.72; 
Monitor, $18.64; Newton, $8.00; Peabodv, $14.00, .... 61 36 

Individuals. C. D. Clum. Conway Springs, $1.00; Isaac Roth- 
rock. McPherson, $1.00; S. F. Yoder. Lyons. $1.30; Jacob C. 
Ulrey, McPherson. $2.00; D. Vanimari, McPherson (deceased), 
$5.00; Elizabeth vaniman, McPherson, $5.00; H. F. Brubaker, 
Sterling, $2.50; B. F. Brubaker, Lyons, $1,00; Regina Harnish, 
Conway Springs. $1.00; S. AI. Brown, Wichita. $2.50, 23 30 

Northeastern Dist., Cong. East Maple, $5.00: Ottawa, 
$18.60; Washington, $8.25; Wade Branch, $3.00; Navarre, 

$6.36, . . 41 21 

Sunday School. Kempsy 11 00 

Individuals. T. A. Eisenbise, Sabetha, Alarriage Notice, 50 
cents; Airs. H. I-I. Kimmel AlcLouth, $1,00; Lvdia Jolitz, Sol- 
omon, 55.00; J. E. Ott, Ottawa, $1.00: Wm. Flickfnger. Mor- 
rill. $1.00; Mary R. Moler, Clyde, $1.00, 9 50 

Northwestern Dist., Cong. Pleasant View. $12.15; Burroak, 

59.26; Saline Valley, $1.00 2E 40 

Individuals. A Brother and Sister, Newton, $10.00; Ella E, 

Hoff, Covert, $1.00; Lydia J. Lerew, Portia, $2,00, ... 13 00 

Southeastern Dist., Cong. Osage, $10.60, Fredonia, $11.60; 

Verdigris, $15.05; Cottonwood, $3.50 40 75 

Individuals. W. B. Keith, Rosalia. $3 .50; Miss Alaggie Mar- 
tin, Caney, $1.00; Cora Burger, West Mineral, $1.00; Alary 
Gish, Altamont. $1.00; Ann E. Sterling, Pittsburg, $1.00; 
Charles A. Miller, AlcCune, $1.00; Ma "Belle Murray, Par- 
sons, $5.76, , x 14 26 

Maryland— $179.63.— Eastern District, Cong. ' ' Beaverdam, 
$12.00; Fulton Avenue Brethren, $5.70; Washington City, 

510.00 27 70 

Sunday School. Weltys 4 50 

Individuals. A. K. Graybill, Washington, 56.00; Rebecca L. 
Rinehart, J 1.00; Airs. Jennie E. McKinstrv, Union Bridge, 
$1.00; A Sister. Union Bridge, $1,00; A Sister, Union Bridge, 
SI. 00; J. Kurtz Miller, Brooklyn, Alarriage Notice, $1,00; Mrs 
?o°? a C , ott i" elL Union Bridge, $2,00; Sallie Wingard, Oxford, 
53.00; J. S. Geiser. Baltimore, $5.20; Elizabeth Hoop, Union 
Bridge, $25.00; W. H. Swam. Kecklevsvilie. 51.25, .. 46 45 

Middle District, Cong, Welsh Run, $27.64; Beaver Creek 

518.56 46 20 

™J nd ,. ivi ? uala - M oses Fike and Wife. Oakland, $5.00; Mrs. 
Elizabeth Rice. Hagerstown, SI. 00; Caleb Long, Boonsboro, 

$10.27; Alfred Englar, New Windsor, $12.00 28 27 

Western Dist.. Cong. Maple Grove 16 00 

I i ldl w. d r ual;5 ,, Tw ? Sister s. Mt Airy, $5.00; John Merrill 
and Wife. Merrill, 55.00; J. N. Broadwater, Merrill 50 

cents 10 50 

Virrtoia— $178.03.— second Dist., Cong. Sangerville. $40.00; 
Llnvllle, $41.00; Midland, $8.00; Beaver Creek, $32.25, 121 25 
Individuals- AI. C. Copp Maurertown, S3.00; Mrs C A 
Powell, Pulaski City, 51.00; Lizzie Stoner, Crimora, 52.75; 
Mrs. Alary AI. Rexroad. Rridgewater. $1.50; Joseph Pence and 
Wife, Port Republic, $2.00; Noah liarlv, Grottoes $1 00- G W 
Bowman. Lebanon church, $1.00; Eliza Bowman, Lebanon 
church 51-00; A. N, Hylton, Topeco, Marriage Notice, 50 
cents; J W Zigler, Bridgewater, $1.00; J. AT. Garber, Mt. 
Sidney, $1.20; John S. Flory. Bridgewater, $1.60; A Sister, 
Barren Ridge, $1.00; N. D. Cool, Winchester. $1.00: Lucy Sher- 
man. Quicksburg, $3.50; John H. Cllne. Brnadwnv, $5.00; Geo 
?• Cli . n -. e, on Lin * vil -JS Depot, $1.00; Lizzie F Showalter, Rocking- 
ham, 51.20; A. Flory. Penn Laird, $2.00; Dettie Go<h1, Kee/,le- 

town, $1.50 34 65 

First district, Cong. Germantown,' $18.85 ■ ' Topeco, $4.05; 

Pleasant Hill, S2.00; Antloeh, $2.83 33 13 

si??n f °^ ia ~^ 1S8 ' l ?, 2 nT^' ony ' Lornsburg, $61.17; Covina. 
!H-5S' : Tr °P'co, $10.00; Oak Grove, $18.45; Glendor'a 

*J6.00, 139 j2 

Individuals. E. C. Overholtzer, Princeton, '$1.00 V John Ren- 
ner, Long Beach, $1.00; Sarah Bnols. Dordsliurg, $1.00; Jacob 
and Amanda Witmore, Long Beach, $5.00; Andrew Shivelv 
Lordsburg, S5.00; D. L. Forney, Santa Ana, Alarriage Notice 
50 cents; Miss Mary Nil!, Covina, $5.00; Airs. I. N. Gibble 

Hemet, $1.00, 19 50 

M„ N f, br o Bk ^ 1G ?- 2 - 9 —'" onff - Glen Hook," '*' 7 '-25: "Af'tot.. $38.S5; 
^. t th ^o'\ t n rK ' e ,'- S " ;,0; ^"P- ?10n ; Beaver Creek. $12.00; Falls 
£?3£.'«V°8i ^mey. JH-W; Silver Lake, 56.85; South Be- 
atrice. $15.,i5; Octavia, $28.55 131 60 

Sunday School South Beatrice 44 

Individuals. Fannie Ault, Holmesville, $1.00; S." C Miller 
Lincoln, $1.00; Irene S. Miller, Lincoln. 50 ,.f>nts- W H M ers 
Tn& S ' I - nn ; l\ Kent Chllders, Sidney, $2.00 ; 'sister ' Lemon 
Juniata, $1.00; D. L. Shattuck, Juniata, 52.25; D. H Forney 
and Family, Arcadia, $6.00; D. Vassey Libertv SE no- Aifr^ 
Phillips and Family, Maywood, $2.00; Wm. AlcGaffev Virginfa 
ll™V B Con r\ a ^ D l H: ^^ , ' an ' 1 Faml| J-. Risi "g p 'ty. $4.00; Jonn C 
^l r . eet * e 1 r 'n n ° ctavla ' Marrla se Notice. 60 cents; B. Ebersole 

J ')Ti Ji.UO or 35 

Wlmonxi— S144 .42.— North* rn Dist.. 'c„„s. ' Wacanda, 535.30; 
Sc=Vi!^ £ ^ ifa'fj L ° g CrEek - »- » Pleas '»-« View !» St 
u 1 "^,', 1 ? 11313 - 5 1 s ' Rh odea and Wife, Norborne, S5.00' w 
S' ™ V n6s ;; ortn - ?<">!><"■ S2.05:, Herman. Holiday 
w„j L .lna Manoueh, Splckard. 50 cents; S. B. Shirkey, Not. 
uorne, fD.oo, to ce 

i n? ld i le =? lst i Indlv - A ' Wamp'ler, "k'noonoster. "s'5.00; Mrs 
^^..T'^'V""'- V ee , ,On -„ !10 °- N- •'■ J °"e. Marling S10 00 
ISS )«""*'', ■'V'"" , Splines. SL'.OO, Nettie Welmer. Jerico 

Springs, 50 cents; D. C